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SQUTflERN STANDARD - MlIN NV LLE, j JpNN FE . SATUYAP.
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How Fertilizers Are Made.
Viola, March 28, ".)0.
Editor Standard: 1 send you
the article below, clipped - from
Homestead, which" - contains much
valuable information, especially for
farmers who have had little, experi
ence with commercial fertilizers. I
hepo all such will give it a careful
reading and then paste it in their
scrap books for future reference.
I will suggest for the benefit of
those who expect to use fertilizers on
spring crops (and especially corn) to
apply it with wheat drill before
planting, rather than in the hill.
When dropped in the hill the
roots of the plant cluster around it (as
in case of stable manure) and during
a dry spell soon drink up all the
moisture in reach. Jlut when the
fertilizer is sufficiently diffused
through thesod the roots reach out
in every direction for the elements of
plant food contained in fertilizer, and
as a result the plant is supplied with
more moisture, which frequently en
ables it to bridge over a dry season.
Unless by wayof experiment, I would
use onlv the complete fertilizer. I
mean by this one containing nitro
gen, phosphoric acid and potash in
proper proportions. , I would want
tliSu in ta tnnut nnnftin trn tnd farm
t uia rnrM vnn h.,-. i h,,iir. i, nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash
weight, and as a result less freight -are the only ones really valuable as
Kill. n ,nDt Th mmnnlptl Plant fd 1,1 the fertilizer. Most
L'oods have been tried in our section ol3 contain plenty of soda, while if
..,- f k.,.,0 f at;cr,o. it is desired to new nme, n can be on
tory.' S. McRamsey. tamed cheaper in the form of pure
lime. Maenesia has little value plant
Numerous questions occur to the fo0(t i)ut to what extent . sulphuric
farmer who uses and studies fertili- acia h(l9 a favorable or unfavorable
zers, about how they are made,their ncti0n in the soil is not thoroughly
value, the benehts that may be tie- known. Chlorine, however, Js harm
rived from their use and so on. The fuif lf presCnt to excess. The sand
impression is widespread, at least in and insoluble matter has no value,
srciiuiis muiia-is miu uui and thc grease and other organic
much used, that they consist ( largely matter (that is, stuff that is consumed
of dirt or plaster or ashes, to which a by fire) ha3 no ynlue as a fertilizer,
little plant iooa is aaued. uite ire- being composed of oil, carbon, hydro
quently parties who visit our works, gerif oxygen, etc' This shows how it
r.air seriously and halt jocularly in- is impossible to make a hich grade
qnire where the sand pile is, not hav- fertilizer without its containing these
ing been able to discover anything of othcr materials. It explains also how
the kind after taking in the entire it is that a high pradet pure una,iui.
works. terated special fertilizer may contain
10 Know aim unuersianu now ier- in one ton only 400 to 500 lbs ()f the
tilizers are made we must briefly go three principle elements of plant food.
mrougn me manuiaciure oi me same. ,
An exchange makes this matter plain Do Not Let the Farm Run Down
as follows :
T . . , Cor. Couutry Gentleman
D-rr f j jjjt f t, n , t, f
....... ., .. . , I ers capital ; on this depends largely
e , . , , . . f. , his success or failure, and his great
forms as to quickly start the crop and .L . ... . ' , . .
, , . .t, ... , .. anxiety should be how best to keep
The first three elements named-
fj- of potash and as much phosphoric
acid as may be. Of course these ele
ments can be obtained from different
materials, but we will suppose he
uses the following formula : Hulphate
of ammonia, 300 lbs.; fine ground
bone meal, 800 lbs.; tankage, 2.j()lb.s.;
dissolved bone black, 250 lbs.; muri
ate of potash, 400 lbs.; total, 2000 lbs.
Of course the manulacturer can mix
as large a quantity of these elements
it up to the highest point, at the
least expense. It is a well known
fact that it is much easier to keep it
up as we go along, than, after it has
been allowed to run down, to make
spasmodic efforts to restore its former
vigor. It does not pay to rais small
cr.jps of any kind; medium crops
may just pay expenses, while that
part of a large crop which is in ex
cess of the medium crop, is nearly all
profit. Hence we know where to
!i-s lift Hfirp lint sn Inner n li nrp.
serves this proportion, the amount of lrk"r Jur Proflt' a"d tudJ to (,e'
tiie three principel ingredients of
plant food in 100 lbs. of the mixture
and in one ton of 2,000 lbs. of the
....!. - --'ll 1 1" II -
mixture win w u iuiiow s ;
la 100 lbs.
Nitrogen 5 to 6 lbs.
Phosphoric acid 11 to 12 lbs.
rotnsh 9 to 10 lbs.
la 3000 lbs.
100 to 200 lbs.
210 to 240 lbs.
100 to 200 lbs.
.55 to 38 lbs. 4j'0 to 500 lbs.
vise the best means of enriching our
lands at tho least expense. There
are several va.ys suggested. One
man feeds stock ; another plows clo
ver under ; another buys commercial
fertilizers. The western man uses
up all the fertility of the soil, and
then goes farther west to repeat the
process. I have seen something of
this system, having known lands in
Central Illinois which a few years
ago produced 100 bushels of ears of
fortunejand his rt putation ns a Turin !
er to one pile oT manure. While poor
and in debt he bought an adjoining:
f0 acres on which there was an old
barnyard containing hm accuniulntiuii
oT2;l years' manure. He found it to ;
be rt mine of wealth, lie applied it
to his crops which in turn gave great ;
returns, and this not only gave him
notoriety as a good cultivator, but
gave him credit with monied "men.
who freely tendered him all the
funds he desired to buy stock with.
Alter securing an immense crop of
Corn, he fed it to stock and made an
other great quantity of valuable m
nure, and so on, year alter year. Mr.
J. has fed thousands of sheep and
vast numbers ofcattle. It has been
stated that in 18 years of sheep fettl
ing, buying in the fall and selling in
the wintvr or spring, he never but
once failed in getting pay fur his
feed and a handsome profit on the in
vestment. This shows that his judg
ment must have been superior, and
that the stock had his personal and
A wealthy stock farmer in Pens I
vanla once told the writer that o..e
drove of cattle will hair feed tin
next; meaning that by applying the
manure from one lot of cattle to the
ground intended for corn, the crop
would be much larger, that this i ti
creased yield would cost almost noth
ing, while the extra burden of stalks
would certainly make the Increase a
donation year after year. After t lie
farm has become rich, it eots almost
nothing to feed stock, as they will
live on the surplus. I believe it costs
30 cents per bushel to raise own,
when you only raise 00 bushels of
ears to the acre, but when 1.30 bushels
are raised, the cost is reduced to less
than 10 cents per bushel. W. II. M.
Waterloo, N. Y.
I have been a sufferer from weak
ness for eight years and tried many
remedies that did me no good. My
father got me to try Hull's Harsr.pa-
rilla and before I had taken a half
Wottle I felt a great deal better. I now
en ova recti antv oi naoit mat has
not been the case for many years.
Sarah K. Keller, Ottawa, Kan.
The Weight of Earth Worms.
. Darwin estimated that worms, by
swallowing earth for the sake of the
vegetable matter it contains and
forming castings, bring to the surface
as much as ten tons of earth per an
mini on an acre, norms are great
promoters ot vegetation by boring,
perforating, and loosening the soil,
and rendering it pervious to rain and
the fibers of plants, by drawing
straws and stalks of leaves and twi'-
into it, and, most of all by throwing
up such infinite nnmbers of lumps o!
earth called worm casts, which form
a fine manure for grain and grass
The earth without worms would
soon become cold, hardbound, void
of fermentation, and consequently
sterile; this has occurred . in many
cases where the worms have been
either accidently or intentionally
destroyed, and the fertility of the
soil thus lost has only been restoret
when the worms had again collectet
and resumed their fertilizing work.
THE GREAT SOUTH AMERICAN
But here we have only ooo lbs. of
the ton in the shape of actual plant
food-potash, nitrogen and phosphor corUi and whicn uow produce but 18
ric acid. What Is in the other l.yOO busUels in a favorable season. Thev
uo4 cnuuw wuai muuira nc teu us that tnis sou win never wear
used to make this fertilizer, and that out I know of none that wears out
no dirt or ashes or other adulterants quicker.
were used, but what did these sub- The same is the case in our eastern
fourths of the bulk of the fertilizer?
Let us see. We all know what bone
meal is like. We know that it is
phosphate of lime, or phosphoric acid
combined with lime, and that it also
contains a little nitrogen. The chetn-
New-England farms some months
ago, that had once been the home of
thrifty but improvident people. The
life of the land was gone; families
were seperated, and there was a dull
prospect for a young man to begin
ists tell us that in 100 lbs. of bone hife on such an impoverished farm,
so these bright boys from the New
England hill-sides seek other and
more lucrative avocations. They are
full of energy and vitality, inured to
the rigor of the climate, and the
rough, hard, laud. Agriculture can
not affoid to sacrifice such men. If
farmers wish to keen their sons at
there are about 24 lbs. of phosphoric
acid, .32 lbs of lime, 4 lbs. of nitrogen,
12 lbs. of water; grease and other or
ganic matters 23 lbs., magnesia 1 lb.,
sand and insoluble matter 4 lbs., total
100 lbs. While, therefore, the bone
meal contains only 24 lbs. of phos
phone acid and 4 lbs. of nitrogen, it
is in no wise adulterated, but rather 10,UPi they must koep up the fortili
n ui i-ry Illgll llUlllliy. J USl SO 11 IS jy 0f Jg SQj
...ilwmui iu k puie uaruu iu uie Stock feed nc s one of the most
lorm oi sulphate of ammonia, 100 lbs. imnortflnt hrnnduM nf furmincr ...ml
vf ll-KInK ...Ml 4 - f - 1 A. OZ 1 fh I '
... ,m romain auoui .i repuires much judgment, care and
iu.j. muuen., ,.! ius. ui suipnunc ottent on. A nrnminpnt man S!,t.l
acid, 20 1-2 lbs. of water (free and that to be successful with flowers you
CUIUUIUt;, J-JIO. 01 lime and 1 1- mIItit nvo flv.f.r nnrl a f K c:.,
..t-l-- .... .
ii. ui ciuorine. in mis way we find ce?sful witIl t()Ck voll ,liU st ,
..ii. n. Ivfuiin nf il JUUl II.. 1 . . . I
uui iniAiuic ui .,nni is. in iwj inn p . rpi, ...... i t . t i t t
up of the following parts : once to'd ti e writer that he owed his
The Spring Medicine.
The popularity which Hood's S;ir
saparilla has gained as a spring mnli
icine is wonderful. 11 possesses just
those elements of health-giving
blood -purifying and appetite-restor
ing which everybody seenis to nee(
at this season. Do not continue iu i
dull, tireJ, uusatislactorv condition
when you may be so much benefited
by Hood's Sarsajmrilla. It puritier
the blood and nukes I he t ;k
The Most Astonishing Medical Discovery of
uio j-ast une nunarea Years.
It is Pleasant to the Taste as the Sweetest Nectar.
It Is Safe and Harmless as the Purest Milk.
This wonderful Nervine Tonic has only recently been introduced into
his country by the Great South American Medicine Comrmnv. and vpt Ua
great value as a curative agent has long been known by the native inhab-
llnnta nf fiM.fl A iv. r.!nn . I. m. 1 T 1. 1 .11 f. . ....
'"iuu jiujcuui, nuo icij uiuio&i, wuony upon lis great mcaiciual
powers to cure every form of disease by which they are overtaken.
This new and valuable South American medicine possesses powers and
qualities hitherto unknown to the medical profession. This medicine has
completely solved the problem of the euro of Indigestion, Dyspepsia, Liver
Complaint, and diseases of the general Nervous System. It also cures all
forms of failing health from whatever cause. It performs this by the Great
Nervine Tonic qualities which it possesses and by its great curative powers
upon ine aigcBtive organs, the stomach, the liver and the bowels. No remedy
compares with this wonderfully valuable Nervine Tonic as a builder and
Etrcugthener of tho life forces of the human body and as a great renewer of
a broken down constitution. It is also of more real permanent value in the
treatment and cure of diseases of the Lungs than any ten consumption rem
edies ever used on this continent It is a marvelous cure for nervousnps
of females of all ages. Ladies who are approaching the critical period known
as change in life, should not fail to use this great Nervino Tonic almost
constantly for the space of two or three years. It will carry them safely
over the danger. This great etrengthener and curative is of inestimable
1 A - it - 1 1 1 . .
vwue 10 me agea ana innnn, Dccause its great energizing properties will
give them a new hold on life. It will add ten or fifteen years to the lives of
many of those who will use a half dozen bottles of the remedy each year.
Debility of Old Age,
Indigestion and Dyspepsia,
Heartburn and Sour Stomach,
"Weight and Tenderness in Stomach,
Loss of Appetite,
Dizziness and Ringing in the Ears,
"Weakness of Extremities and
Impure and Impoverished Blood,
Boils and Carbuncles,
Scrofulous Swelling and "Ulcers,
Consumption of tho Lungs,
Catarrh of the Lungs,
Bronchitis and Chronic Cough,
Chronic Diarrhoea, . "
Delicate and Scrofulous Children,
Summer Complaint of Infants.
All tbe.se and many other complaints cured by this wonderful Nervine Tonic.
s a cure for every class of Nervous Diseases, no remedy has been ablo
to compare with the Nervine Tonic, which i3 very pleasant and harmless in
-ii . w . . i ami u.i l j.i: ; j
aa lis ciiecis upon mc youngest cayu or xue oiucst anu iuoki. ueuuuiu muiviu
ual. Nine-tenths of all tho ailment3 to which the human family is heir, arc
dependent on nervous exhaustion and impaired digestion. When there is an
insufficient supply of nerve food in tho blood, n, general Elate of debility of
the brain, spinal marrow and nervc3 is tho result. Starved nerves, like
starved muscles, becomo strong when tho riht kind of food is Eupplied, and
a thousand weaknesses and ailments disappear C3 the nerves recover. As tho
nervous system must supply all the power by which the vital forces of tho
body are carried on, it is tho first to Buffer for want of perfect nutrition.
Ordinary food does not contain a EufEcient quantity of tho kind of nutriment
necessary to repair the wear our present mode of living and labor imposes
upon tho nerves. For thi3 reason it becomes necessary that a nerve food be
supplied. This recent production of the South American Continent has been
found, by analysis, to contain tho essential elements out of which nerve tissuo
is formed. Tni3 accounts for its magic power to euro all forms of nervous
Nervous Headache and
Sick Headache, i
All Pisease3 of Women,
nervous raroxysms ana
Palpitation of tho Heart,
St. Yitus's Dance,
Nervousness of Females,
Nervousness of Old Age,
Neuralgia, - ,
Pains in the Heart,
Pains in tho Back,
T T 1 . 1
Clt AWFOKDSYILLE, Ikd., Aug. 20, 'SG.
To the Grrat South Amtrican Medicine Co.:
Dear Gents: I desire to Bay to you that I
have suffered for many years with ft very seri
ous disease of the stomach and nerves. I tried
every medicine I could hear of hut nothing
done me any appreciable good until I was ad
vised to try vour Great South Amcric.au Nervine
Tonic and Stomach and Liver Cure, and since
using several bottles of it I must say that I am
surprised at iu wonderful powers to cure tho
stomach and general nervous system. If every
one knew the value of this remedy as I do, you
wouid not be ablo to supply the demand.
J. A. Hardee,
Kx-Trcas. Montgomery Co.
Mr. Bolomon Bond, a member of tho Foclety
of Friends, of Darlinston, Ind., says: "I have
used twelve bottles of The Great South Amen
can Nervine Tonic and Stomach and Liver Cure
and I consider that every bottle did for mc one
hundred dollars worth of good, because I have
cot had a good night's sleep for twenty years
on account of irritation, pain, horrible dreams,
and general nervous prostration, which has
been caused by chronic Indigestion and dys
pepsia of the stomach and by a broken down
condition of my nervous system. But now I can
lie down and sleep nil night as sweetly as a baby,
and I feci like a sound man. I do not think
there has ever been a medicine introduced into
this country which will at all compare with
this Ncrviae Tonic as a euro for the stomach."
A SWORN CURE FOR ST. VITUS'S DANCE OR CHOREA.
To Nervous und Debilitated Men.
If you will send us your address
we will mail you nur illustrated mm
phlet explaing all about Dr. Dye's
Celebrated Electro-Voltaic licit mio
Appliances, and their charming ef
fects upon the nervous dettilited sys
tem, and how they will quickly re
store you to vigor, and manhood.
Pa m ph I et f ree. 1 f y u a re Ihiwa f
tticled, we will send you a llelr and
Appliances on a trial.
Voltaic Belt Co.,
.Marshall, Mi .
Do Not Suffer Any Longer.
Knowing that a cough can in
checked in a day, and the first sta;
of consumption broken in n week, we
hereby guarantee Dr. Acker's Eny
lish Cough Remedy, and will refund
the money to all who buy, take it as
per directions, and do not find mi
statement correct. Sold by V. II.
Fleming. ' 1
Nothing is more provoking than a
troublesome cough. Core it with Dr.
Bull's Cough Syrup. We.
Don't let worms eat the very life
out of your little children. Restore
them to health by giving D:. Hull's
CRAWFOBDRvrtXE, Ind., May 19, 1888.
My daughter, twelve years old, had been af
flicted for several months with Chorea or St,
Vitus's Dance. She was reduced to a skeleton,
could not walk, could not talk, could not swal
low anything but milk. 1 had to handle her
like an infant. Doctor and neighbors gave her
up. I commenced giving her the South Ameri
can Nervine Tonic: the effects wero very sur
prising. In three days eho was rid of the ner
vousness, and rapidly improved. Four bottles
cured her completely. I think the South
American Nervine the grandest remedy ever
discovered, and would recommend it to every
one. MBS. W. & ESSUINGER.
State of Indiana, .
Montgomery County, J
Subscribed and sworn tobeforotnothlsllay
19, lSb7. Chas. AL Tea vis, Notary Public.
duwFonDsviLLE, Ikd., June 22, 1SS7.
My daughter, eleven years old, was severe !y
nfflicted with 6L Vitus's Dance or Chorea. Ue
gave her three and one-halt bottles of South
American Nervino and she is completely re
stored. I believe it will cure every case of P'.
Vitus's Dance. I have kept it In my family f"r
two years, and am sura it is the greatest rc m
edy In the world for Indigestion and Dvk i
Fio. all forms of Nervous Disorders and Tailing
Health from, whatever cause.
Jons T. MuH.
Slate cf Indiana, ,
Montrtomrry County, f '
Subscribed and sworn to before rr.e this Jut- j
22, 1SS7. Chas. W. Wright,
INDIGESTION AND DYSPEPSIA.
The Great South American Nervine Tonio
Which wo now offer you, is tho only absolutely unfailing remedy ever discov
ered for the cure of Indigestion, Iiyspcpsia, and tho vast train of symptoms
and horrors which are the result oi disease and debility of tho human stom
ach. No person can afford to pass by thi3 jewel of incalculable value who in
affected by disease of tho Stomach, because tho experience and testimony of
thousands go to prove that this is tho one and only one, great cure in tho
world for this universal destroyer. There is no caso of unmalignant diseasa
of the stomach which can resist tho wonderful curative powers of tho South
American Nervine Tonic
Harriet E. Hall, ot Waynetown, Ind., says:
"J owe my life to The Great South American
Nervine. I had been in bod for five months
from the effects of an exhausted Btomach, In
digestion, Nervous Prostration end a general
Shattered condition of my whole system. Had
given up all hopes of getting well. Had tried
three doctors with no relief. Tho first bottle of
the Nervine Tonio improved mo so much that I
was able to walk about, and a few bottles cured
me entirely. I believe it tho best medicine, in
lh world. IcannotrccoEsmcndittoohigbly."
Mrs. Ella A. Bratton, of New Ross, Indiana,
snys: "lean not express how much I owe to the
Nervine Tonic. My system was completely
shattered, appctito gone, was coughing and
spitting up blood; em sure 1 was In tho first
stages of consumption, an inheritance handed
down throuch several generations. I began
taking the Nervine Tonio and continued its
use for about six months, and am entirely
cured. It is the grandest remedy for nerves;
stomach, and lungs I have ever seen.
EITCHET & BOSTICK,
Sole AVIiolesalc and Ketall' Agents for WarrciillCoiini.v"
. EVER V BQTTLE WARRANTED.
1rjce, Large 18 ounce?B6ttles, $1.23. . Trial Size, IB cents