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SOUTHERN STANDARD-MCMINNVILLE. TENNESSEE. SATURDAY, JULY G, 1890
Fingers and Porks.
Did you know that Queen Eliza
beth ate with her fingers? You limy
have known that she loved show and
style, that she was so fond of fine
clothes that when she died she left
three tnousund dresses and any quani
tity of jewels; but did you ever im
agine that such a lady could be so
inelegant as to eat with her fingers?
But she did, and so did Shakespeare,
and Caucer, und William the- Em
peror, and King Alfred and every
body else who lived before her time.
These last were more excusable than
she they had no forks; but ev;u she
wasnotwithoutexcu.se,' for though
she had several, they had been given
her as curiosities, which, I suppose
nobody exacted her to use. There
was one of crystal garnished with
gold and sparks of garnet, another of
gold with two little rubies and two
pendant pearls, and still another of
Why didn't she use them? you ask.
Well, because she had never seen or
known anybody that used one, and
they were something new; and bts
sides, there was a prejudice against
this invention just from Italy. Hut
you must not think because there
were no forks that the old fashioned
dinner made no pretentions to ele
gance or refinement.
The guests had knives and they
had fingers, and with these two im
plements they managed nicely.
From their old hooks of etiquette we
learn how they did it. In the first
place, the fingers must be publicly
washed before beginning the meal;
even if this had jast been done pri
vately, it must he repeated at the
table, that no one might feel uneasy
in eating after his neighbors' fingers
had been in the dish. To aid further,
the meat was prepared as far as pos
sible before it was brought on the
table. Iflnastew, as was usually
the case, it was in bits; if roasted, it
was cut by a carver, and passed in
largo plates with a knife.
As to the way of helping himself,
each guest must choose and keep a
particular part of the dish for his
own. He must help himself dainti
ly from this place, using only three
fingers; afterward, in carrying the
food to the mouth, which, of course,
was done with the hand, these same
three fingers must be used, taking
care, however, not to touch the nose
with them, to do which was extreme
ly inelegant, and showed a lack of
Of course all this soiled the hands,
and in refined households at various
intervals bowls of perfumed water
and different napkins were passed,
and no one must refuse to wash. This
old fashion-of handing round a silver
bowl or dish of rose water is some
times seen in Europe.
After a while man found out that
he needed forks, or, rather, woman
did, for it was she who first used
them. Great dames kept them in
their rooms to eat comfits with and
to toast bread; and, in course of time,
they brought them to the table:
As I have said, there was a preju
dice against them; and the first few
persons who were brave enough to
use them were laughed at and called
effeminate; a preacher even went so
far as to say that for any one to re
fuse to touch his meat with his fin
gers was an insult to Providence.
Nevertheless they spread in Eng
land slowly, even after Italy, the
home of their birth, was full of them.
Those who knew their value, how
ever, found them so convenient that
up to 150 years ago since which it
has been no longer necessary gen
tlemen traveling from place to place,
and knowing how poorly supplied
were the inn3, carried one with them
in a case with a knife. Since that
time the old two-prolonged fork, or
fourchctte (little pitchfork), as the
French called it and really they
were only tiny pitchforks has given
way . to the more convenient three
and four prolonged forks in use in
our own homes. Mary M. Winston,
in Harper's Young People.
English Spavin Liniment removes
all Hard, Hoft or Caroused Lumps
and Blemishes from horses, Blood
Spavin, Curbs, Splints, King Bone,
Sweeney, Stifles, Sprains, Sore and
Swollen Throat, Coughs, ect. Save
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the 'most wonderful Blemish Cure
ever known. Sold by Hitch ey &
"Newspaper men have a right to
be proud." "Well, yes. Handling
a rastenot is apt to make 'em a little
Dr. Acker's English Tills
Are active, effective and nure. For
sick headache, disordered stomach,
loss of appetite, bad complexion and
biliousness, they have never been
equaled, either in America or abroad.
Sold by W. H. Fleming. 1
Why Thunder Storms Affect Milk.
During electrical disturbances it
seems that cream and milk aro put
into a condition to sour easily. The
probable cause of this, the editor of
the Cultivator (Albany) explains as
follows: The effect of au electrical
discharge is to decompose a portion
of the atmosphere, by which ozone is
produced. This substance has pe
culiar properties from its intense ac
tivity as an oxide of oxygen, and its
action Is often believed to be, and
may be, the cause of the souring of
milk, beer, and fresh wine during
what are known as thunder storms.
The ozone is diffused through the air,
and is believed to be the cause of the
stroug acid odor which prevails after
the storm is passed. No doubt if the
milk is submerged in water, and ac
cess of air is prevented, no result of
the kind need be apprehended; and
as the more milk is exposed to the air
the more it will be affected by the
ozone, the milk in open shallow pans
will be acilled more readily than that
in deep pails, although these may be
open. In our long experience, how
ever, the writer adds, we have never
had any milk affected fn this way,
either in shallow pans or pails, and
are of opinion that the heat of the air
preceeding thunder storms is more
directly the agent in the souring of
the milk than the ozone that may ex
ist in the uir after thestorm is passed.
Carefulness to maintain a proper
temperature, by closing dairy houses
and cellars against the outer atmos
phere, will be a means of safety.
To Nervous Debilitated Men.
If you will send us your address
we will mail you our illustrated pain,
phlet explaing all about Dr. Dye's
Celebrated Electro-Voltaic Belt and
Appliances, and their charming ef
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Voltaic Belt Co.,
Half a Century of Inventions.
Those of -us not yet fifty years of
age have probably lived in the most
important and intellectually progres
sive period of human history, says
Iron, and names the following as a
few of the inventions and discoveries
which have originated or been made
practical within the past half-century.
Ocean steamships, railways, street car
lines, the telegraph, ocean cable, tele
phone, phnnoprnph ; photography,
and a score of new methods of picture
making; aniline colors, kerosene,
electric lights, steam fire engines,
chemical fire extinguishers ; -antes
thetics and painless surgery; gun
cotton, nitroglycerin, dynamite, and
a host of other explosives; alumni
um, magnesium, and other new met
als ; electroplating, spectrum analysis,
and the spectroscope; audiphone,
pneumatic tubes, electric motors,
electric railways, electric bells, type
writers, steam heating, steam and
hydraulic elevators, vestibule cars,
cantilever bridges. To these may be
added the vulcanizing of rubber, the
Bessemer steel process, bicycles, the
"Monitor" type of war vessels, the
dynamite gun, and doubtless the list
does not now include all the most
Domestic Uses for Ammonia.
. A little ammonia in tepid water
will soften and cleanse tho skin.
Spirits of ammonia will often re
lieve severe headache.
Door plates should be cleansed by
rubbing with a cloth wet In ammo
If the color has been taken out of
silks by fruit stains, ammonia will
usually restore the color.
To brighten carpets, wipe them
with warm water in which has been
poured a few drops of ammonia.
One or two tablespoonfuls of amo
nh added to a pail of water will clean
windows better than soap.
A few drops in a cupful of warm
water, applied carefully, will remove
spots from paintings and chromoes.
Grease spots may be taken out
with weak ammonia in water; lay
soft white paper and iron with a hot
When acid of any, kind gets on
clothing, spirits of ammonia will kill
it. Apply chloroform to restore the
Keep nickel, silver ornaments, and
mounts bright by rubbing with
woolen cloth saturated in spirits of
Old brass may be cleaned to look
like new by pouring strong ammonia
on it, and scrubbing with a scrub
brush, rinse in clear water.
A tablespoonful of ammonia in a
gallon of warm water will often re
store colors in carpets ; it will also
remove whitewash from them.
Yellow stains left by sewing ma
chine oil, on white, may be removed
by rubbing the spot with a cloth wet
with ammonia, before washing with
Equal parts of ammonia and tur
pentine will take paint out of cloth
ing, even if it be hard and dry. Sat
urate the spot as often as necessary,
wash out iu soap suds.
Put a teaspoonful of ammonia in a
a quart of water, wash your brushes
and combs in this, and all grease and
djrt will disappear Rinse, shake,
and dry in the sun or by the fire.
If those who prespire freely would
use a little ammonia in the water
they bathe in every day, it would
keep their flesh clean and sweet,
doing away with any disagreeable
t Flannels and blankets may be
soaked in a pail of water containing
one tablespoonful of ammonia and a
little suds. Bub as little as possible,
and they will be white and clean and
will not shrink.
One teaspoonful of ammonia to a
teacupful of water will clean gold or
silver jewelry ; a few drops of clear
aqua ammonia rubbed on the under
side of diamonds will clean them im
mediately, making them very brilliant.
Then And Now.
It would be interesting to comparo
our present census statistics with
those of a century ago.
Then we had about 3,000,000 people,
against G 4,000,000 pow.
Then our wealth was about $400,-
000,000, against $70,000,000,000 now.
Then we had about 800,000 square
miles of territory, of which only
only 200,000 could be regarded as set
tled, against 3,GOO,000 now.
Then we had only wagon roads and
post riders to do the work of the
railways and telegraph lines of to
Then we had general poverty and
ignorance, while today the republic
staggers under its wealth and a school-
house crowns every hilltop.
Then people had to get along with
tallow dips, tinder boxes and every
thing else that was inconvenient and
uncomfortable, but even the poorest
now have matches, gas, electric
lights, and a thousand appliances de
signed to lighten the burden of labor
This is marvelous progress for
centurv. but 100 years hence the
exhibit may be still more startling
After us may come the deluge.
To marry recklessly and without
reasonable means is to marry miser
ably ; but to marry on an income that
with care and self-denial and pru
dence will suffice to provide all that
is essentially necessary for comfort is
to call into play all the best affections
of man's nature. It tends to make
youth happy, middle age contented,
old age calm and peaceful.
Bucklcn's Arnica Salve.
The Best Salve in the world for
Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt
liheum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chap
ped Hands, Chilblains, Corns, and all
Skin Eruptions, and positively cures
Piles, or no pay required, it is
guaranteed to give satisfaction, or
money reefunded. 1'rlce cents per
box. For sale by llitchey & Bostick.
They are ill discoverers that think
there is no land when they can see
nothing but sea. Because it is silly
to believe everything, there are some
to wonderously wise as to believe
Takp your buggy, carriage, wagon, and
farm implements of all kinds to
and have them
REPAIRED rf PAINTED.
BLACKSMITHM, WAG0K and CARRIAGE
done Promptly and Cheaply.
I P. GARTNER
Spring Street, McMinnville, Tenn.
QP M3 KINDS,t
Consisting in Part of '
Bcadstcads, Bureaus, Washstands, Sideboards, Ward
robes, Sales, Tables, Chairs, Ued-Springs, and
Mattresses, Chamber Sets, Parlor Sets.
Bed Lounges, Looking G lasses,
aud in fact any and everything wauted in the Furniture line. Also ill
have n larcer and better assorted fctnnlf tllJin PVPP from tho vorv nliaunaot Pfllno rt Ua
best Caskets. Uurial Suits, etc., for men, ladies and children, for leas money tliau you can
buy the goods for and make them. EMHAI.MIXU A M'ECI.IMTY. UeniemW
wi not be under sold by anyone, and everything guaranteed as represented. Give me
call before purchasing and get prices. M. B. HARWELL.
STOVES, TINWARE and HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS,
TIN, SHEET IRON and COPPER WARE.
Special Attention Given to Guttering; Booting, Repairs.
Our Very Best People
Confirm our statement when we say
that Dr. Acker's English Remedy is
in every way superior to any ana an
other preparations for the Throat and
Lungs, la w nooning uougn ana
Croup, it is magic and relieves at
once. We offer you a sample bottle
free, Remember, this Remedy is
sold on a positive guarantee by W.
An enthusiast is a party who be
lieves four times az much az he kan
prove and Kan prove about four
times az much az enny body believes.
lie who is truly at peace with him
self never suspects others. But he
who is ill at ease and discontented is
disturbed by suspicions.
Farmers of the United btates re
ceive more clear money from chick
ens and eggs than from any other
one source, and it is a fact that Gan
ter's chicken cholera cure is daily
adding to that revenue, bold and
warranted to cure by W. II. Fleming
Ayer's Hair Vigor, has no equal, in
merit and etnciency, as a nair aress'
iner and for the prevention of bald
ness. It eradicates dandruff, keeps
the scalp clean, moist, and healthy,
and gives vitality ana color to wcat
faded, and gray hair. The most
popular cf toilet articles.
ricase remember that I keep
on hand a lurjje and well assorted stock of
f b -A. nsr ;k .a, id p "ct'zh: ,
"'ci 1 w"-v '
Attpltw. b. out
"HRaP UMTFD DDrtfir
stuono vimtu i nuur ,pA,Tu.,Mui
in i the limn awl tin lahnr of inr other war. D.u ot
L-t m.. lit. an KcnnomLa! aud Dt'KABl.K HI'R.
KTITUTR for 1M.ASTKR on wall.. Ornamtnlal CARPKT9
anl KLOSnf sama material, m4Pn and bittis Uian Oil
vwtua. c rtatalotuc and Saniuita I'm.
East Main Street,
My Meat Stall, will be supplied at a
seasons with the best and fattest
BEEF, PORK, AND MUTTON-
To be found in the country.
Cash paid for Cattle.
The Peoples Rational Bank of McMinnville,
AUTHORIZED DEPOSITORY OF STATE FUNDS.
J. F. MORFORD, S. L. COLVILLE,
C. BILES, .1. C. M. ROSS.
W! C. WOMACK, J. Jt ROSS.
J. F. MORFORU, President.
J. C. BILKS Vice President.
FRANK COLVILLE, Cashier.
C. M. MORFORD, Assistant Cashier.
Docs a General Banking Business, Deposits Solicited
KEEPS THE VERY BEST
TRIMMINGS, NO, 1 WORKMEN,
aud turns out work second to none.
WILL make you a suit 15 TO 20 IT. It CENT ClIEAlT.i: than any house iu
Nashville and euarantee satisfootiftu in every case. I keep the largest and best se
lection of samples ever shown in the city, and am prepared to do, with neatness and dis
dutch, all kinds ol
Cutting, Repairing, Cleaning and ressing.
-ALTERATIONS A SPECIALTY-
Call and see me.
P. O. Box 243.
Upstairs over Bell's Jewelry Store.
JOE M. JOHNSON
I I f f 1 (IK hmX '
Powerful, renetratinir. Quickest and
Surest of all liniments for the cure of Rhcuma
tisra.Sore Throat. llineworm.Bruises. Sprains.
6wellines, Frost Bites, "Weak Eack, etc.
FOR HORSES, this liniment is unequalled because of Its jrreat penetrating
Strength. Highly recommendod for Spavin, Splint, Windgalls, Kpizootic,
Scratches, Swellings, Spraius, Saddle and Ilaruesa Galls, Etc. 50c per Boitla.