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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE. SATURDAY.AUGUST 23, 1590.
Who pays liis taxes with many a sigh,
Wonders why they are so high,
And fails to see the "how" and "why?"
Who has the wool pulled over his eyes
By partisan "high pretention" cries
And takes for gospel the plainest lies?
Who'll cry Protection loud and long ,
Until it becomes a worn-out song
And suddenly finds he has been all wrong?
Who'll rise some day in all his might, '
When he sees some things in a clearer light,
And knock the "machine" as high as a kite?
Who'll fight this same corrupt "machine,"
Win the battle clear and clean,
And teach de'mngoguei a lesson, I ween?
Who'll say: "Less tax is what we need,
And a firmer check on monopoly's greed !"
And strike for reform with lightning speed ?
Who'll raise a great political storm,
For the 0. 0. P. make it very warm,
When he takes his stand for tax reform ?
Then haste the day when every man
Shall stand for the right, as surely he can,
And none shall prove more zealous than
Cor. Philadelphia Record.
Thorough Tillage For Wheat.
Vervilla, Aug. 18th, 1890.
To the Standaiid: I enclose this
week communication from Mr. Ter
ry. Altough it was written two
years ago, I think, on account of the
valuable suggestions to wheat grow
ers, it may be interesting to many
readers of the Standard. I had the
same trouble Mr. Terry mentions in
1884 had wheat washed up. Since
then I cover with straw such expos
ed points as soon after seeding as
convenient. This not only prevents
washing, hut acts as a mulch, and
pays well for labor in increased yield
of wheat. S. McRamsey;
Following is the article referred to
above, which occurred in the Country
Gentleman of October 7th, 1888:
I would like to shake hands with
friend T. R. Crane (see page 992), as
his experience and mine so exactly
agree. "Then harrow and roll, or
roll and harrow until I have a fine
and compact seed bed." That is just
what we have been doing foi ten
years, without any regard to the
theory that lumps on the surface pro
tect the wheat, and our reward has
been such that we intend to keep it
up.. When I wrote you. some two
weeks ago, we had been over our
wheat eround four times with the
disk harrow and twice with the
Thomas, and were then waiting for
rain, as it was so dry we were afraid
to sow. After waiting a few days,
we harrowed it, and followed with
the' roller, and then harrowed again.
The next day we had a gentle rain
that moistened the surface down
about four inches. As soon as it was
dry enough we rolled again, and drill
ed in the wheat. The land was then
as fine and firm as Mr. Crane could
ask for. There was almost no lumps
but as deep as it had been worked
say five to six inches, it was simply
mellow soil firmly packed,' When
drilling, the horses would not sink in
more than one inch. We tried to do
a little better job than ever before
From such preparation we had, for a
term of years, 36 to .18 bushels per
acre of No. l'wheat. We fell; a little
below this year, on account of our
wheat being partly on land with
northwestern exposure.and the winds
killed some of it, as they did most of
the pieces in this vicinity, more or
less. And this has been done with
out any manure, commercial or
home-made, being applied directly
to the crop, except clover sod plowed
under. I am perfectly . sure that
. have averaged ten bushels per acre
more wheat, for the past eight years
than I would have had if I had sim
ply plowed the ground and harrowed
it once or twice with an old-fashion
ed harrow (just moving the lumps
around a little), and then put in the
It is this $600 to $1,000 in my pocke
that makes me preach good tillage so
strongly. Of course your readers
have sense enough to know that ti
lixge does not actually create fertility
(this for brother Chamberlain), but in
very many cases it will add five to
ten bushels per acre to the - whea'
crop, uut there is a risk to rnn
when land is worked down as fine as
mine was this year. I ran it and
got caught this year, and also once
before, but shall continue taking the
risk just the same. It is this:
heavy rain coming within a week or
two after BOwIng plays the mischief
with such mellow, fine soil. Three
days after I sowed there came, un-
xpeetedly, a very heavy rain that
is, the fall for a few minutes was
very heavy. It simply cam'o down
in sheets, and it was not possible for
to soak in as fast as it came;
so it ran in every di
rection for the lowest spots. In nome
places the wheat, earth and t all, was
washed out of the drill marks and
carried to the bottom of the slope,
eaving the ridges between the rows
some five Inches high. .In other
places the drill marks were entirely
filled up. We were particularly sor
ry for this, as wo used a drill with
"regulators" on each hoe, to prevent
them from going too deep, and now
we cannot tell much about it, wheth
er they did good or not. But we
inow one thing they prevented any
of the wheat from being deposited
more than one and a half inches
deep, and that certainly must be a
As far as we can now judge, the
Outram (John Outram, maker,) regu-
ator is the simplest and best, as well
as the cheapest. After the rain, the
writer walked around and took in
he situation, mused a little about
not having had a heavy rain in five
months, and now it must come just
when it would do the most damage,
and then got some wheat and went
and sowed it by hand over all the
spots that were washed entirely out.
low to cover it was the next thing.
The ground was too soft to put horses
on, and we were just about to take
one section of the Thomas harrow
and draw it by hand, when we
otherwise useless vegetation. I3ul if
you get these all on the farm, and
never go off from it for anything,how
does this add to the fertilizing ele
ments on it? You but return to the
soil what the soil produces. You
may rob one field to fertilize another.
Still none of these operations restore
the fertilizing elements the potash,
phosphoric acid, nitrogen, etc., which
you carry off in the products which
you sell in the butter and cheese,
the pork, the wheat and other grains.
Something does not come of nothing.
Nature to some extent is recupera
tive. By nitrification, under proper
conditions, she may draw nitrogen
from the air, but whence is she to
draw the mineral elements? You
carry them olf, and there is no pro
cess by which they can float back. If
they are not carried back in some
form, they will never go back. You
will be all the time losing potash,
phosphoric acid, and other more or
ess important elements. How are
ou to get these back, if you do not
buy or steal commercial fertilizers
which contain them and apply them
to your soil? We know of farms
that have been successfully run for
years without the use of commercial
fertilizers in any form. The draft
has been constantly on what nature
gave to the virgin soil. But who can
say that these farms would not have
done better if the elements taken
off from them had been restored
again, or that they will not in time
become exhausted of their fertility if
no manures not ..produced on them
are ever useuv uommerciai lertiiiz
ers must be good to supply defi-
thought of that little one-man har
row, which we wrote you about, and
which you heard of in the Country
Gentleman last year. We tried it,
aud found that it worked to a charm.
In two or three hours we had cover
ed, nicely, nearly an acre of washed
spots; so the storm did not do us
much damage after all. Some way,
my folks will make fun of that har
row. When I was drawing it the
other day, my man called to me, and
I stopped and says, "Well?" Then
he says: "You want to be careful and
not calk yourself when you are turn
The weather was so cool and cloudy
after the storm that the ground did
not bake much, and the wheat is
coming up nicely. A gentleman who
called the day I was harrowing said
he never before saw any drilled
wheat washed out by rain, and he
had raised wheat for many years
He did not stop to consider that it
was the fine condition of the soil that
made it wash out. The next morn
ing after the rain, I drove by several
pieces that had not been worked
down as finely, and no washing had
been done. The lumpy fields were a
little ahead then, but at harvest
time. they are not often, unless it be
that, having a lighter crop, the
grain stands up better.
Mr. Crane is ahead ol me in one
respect that is, rolling after sowing
I have never clone that, but have
harrowed with the Thomas harrow
nearly always. This has much the
same enect as the roller
would have, with not quite as much
danger from baking, if heavy rain
comes before the wheat gets up. On
my soil I hod rather roll before sow
ing, but if my crop was not in, :
would roll a strip and see what the
result would be. Will remember and
try it next year, for it is only by
being willing to test new ways tha
we can learn the best. 1 have used
a roller for 75 years ever since
came on to the farm and always rol
ahead ot potato uriu as wen as grain
drill "the harrow to draw the clods
to the surface, and the roller to crush
them." That is the way.
T. B. Terry.
Summit County, O.
Mirror and Farmer.
There is considerable discussion
going on as to whether it pays a
farmer to use commercial fertilizers
The practical answer to thi3 question
depends on several things. In the
first place, it depends on whether he
uses the right kind of commercia
fertilizers in the right way. In the
next place, it depends on whether
the farmer has enough of other fertil
Izers on his farm to keep up and even
increase its productiveness. In the
third place, it depends on whether
he properly saves and applies what
he has. But if he is constantly car
rying away and selling the products
of the farm, every article of which
takes away its proportion of fertiliz
ing elements, from what source is the
loss to be made up, if he does not go
outside of the farm to get it? You
may save all the manures, save all
the refuse, compost the weeds and all
The Hessian Ply.
special bulletin recently issued
by the Experiment btation, and
which will be mailed free to any
farmer who makes application ou a
postal card for same, treats of two de
structive insects, the cotton worm
and Hessian fly. Regarding the lat
ter we summarize briefly from the
bulletin as follows :
"It is found that the adult flies,
which are waiting to deposit their
eggs on the late winter wheat, arc
mostly destroyed by the first sharp
trusts of autumn. By delaying the
planting of the wheat until it will not
have time to appear above the ground
until after the first frosts, rractically
complete immunity from the ravages
of the Hessian fly may be obtained
If all the farmers of a district would
persist in late planting for several
years, the fly might be almost exter
minated. It is well to plant a strip
along one side of the field early, so.
that it will be well above ground ten
days or two weeks before the final
planting. The flies will deposit their
eggs upon this, and it should be thor
oughly plowed under, and replanted
with the rest of the field.
"None of the other preventive
methods seem to be efficient except
burning the stubbie. This will un
doubtedly destroy a large number of
the insects, but it has the disadvan
tage of destroying also certain para
sites which prey upon the Hessian
fly, and assist in reducing their num
bers. The one remedy that is of un
doubted practical' use, is late plant
ing. The bearded varieties of wheat
seem, moreover, to be less susceptible
to the attacks of the fly, and should
accordingly be selected, if conven
Dyspepsia and Liver Complaint.
is it not wortn tne small price oi io
cents to free yourself of every symp
torn of these distressing complaints
it you think so can at our store and
get a bottle of Shiloh's Vitalizer
Every bottle has a printed guarantee
on it. Use accordingly, and if it does
you no good It will cost you nothing
sold by w. li. Fleming.
Eastern farmer (contemptuously)
"Catch me going west, where you
have neither coal nor wood. Mighty
inconvenient burning corn for fuel
isn't it?" Western Farmer.-"Wall
yes, it is rather. The ears are so big
we can't git 'em in the stoves."
New York Weekly.
Bucklen'g Arnica Salve.
The Best Salve in the world for
Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt
Itheum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chap
ped Hands, Chilblains, Corns, and all
Skin Eruptiqns, and positively cures
Piles, or no pay required. It is
guaranteed to give satisfaction, or
money reefunded. Price 25 cents per
box. For sale by Ptitchey & Bostick.
The place to send old stamps is the
Aisle des Billode, Lode, Switzerland.
In 1888 this asylum received over
one million stamps, of which the
best the children assorted and sold
for $240 to dealers and collectors,
while the others were used for decor
ative purposes, rooms being papered
THE GREAT SOUTH AMERICAN
L u it i
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- - - - vuit icv,t.iiujr uccu luirouuccu into
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Debility of Old Age,
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. Loss of Appetite,
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rains in tho Heart,
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As a cure for every class of Nervous Diseases, no remedy Las been able
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-11 . If . 1 A. -1 ! J . li - H i I i. J JV i- Ji 1
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Ordinary food does not contain a sufficient quantity of tho kind of nutriment
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1. -it 1 1 1 .y 1 1 i t i r a?
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Crawfordsyiiae, Ind., Aug. 20, '85."
To the Great South American Medicine Co.: "
Dkab Gents:! dcslro to Bay to yoii that I
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J. A. UARDEE,
Mr. Solomon Bond, a member of tho Society
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and I consider that every bottles did for me one
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Ez-Trcas. Montgomery Co,
A SWORN CURE FOR ST.VITUS'S DANCE OR CHOREA.
Cbawfordsvills, Ind., June 22, 1SS7.
Crawtormttub, Ind., May 19, 1886.
My daughter, twelve years old, had been af
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one. Mrs. W. 8. Ensmingeb.
Btate of Indiana, .
Montgomery County, )
Subscribed and sworn to before mo this Mat
19,1887. Chas. M. Travis, Notary Public.
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State cf Indiana, .
Monlpomrry County, f '
Subscribed, and sworn to before me this June
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Subscribe for the Standari.1$1.in).
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