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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE. TENNESSEE.SATURDAV, AUGUST 3090.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
One Year $1 00
Six Months 50
Three Months 25
Election Tuesday, Nov. 4.
JOHN P. BUCHANAN,
of Rutherford Co.
FOR CONGRESS, 3d DISTRICT!
HENRY C. SNODGRASS,
o' Vfti.te Co.
FOR STATE SENATOR:
H. M. HEARN,
of Cannon Co.
FOR THE LEGISLATURE:
GEO. II. HASH.
With wheat at $1.10 per bushel
and still rising, a large acreage will
doubtless be sown in that cereal this
The State Executive Committee
has arranged and published a list of
speaking appointments for Hon. J.
P. Buchanan, beginning at Franklin
next Tuesday, Sept. 2d, and covering
thirteen East Tennessee points dur
ing the following three weeks.
The elections committee oft the
House had the Eaton-Phelan contest
case from this state set for hearing
today (Friday). The henchmen :of
Mr. Reed on this committee have not
unseated a Democratic congressman
now in several days, and they -Will
likely take off Mr. Phelau's head just
to keep in practice.
Chattanooga's new post-prandial
daily, the Press, is one of the latest
visitors to our exchange table." It
presents a most pleasing typographi
cal appearance, and is a hustler for
news. It was our understanding that
the Press was to be a Republican or
gan, but bo far its politics does not
( seem to be developed beyond the
mugwumpian stage. It gives evi
dence of prosperity, and we hope it
may continue in the high road to
There is a general consension of
newspaper opinion that the question
of public roads is an eminently prop-
er one for the F. & L. Union to
consider, and one clearly within the
scope of their organization. The F.
iV. L. Union of Tennessee, however,
for the present at least, seem to have
relegated all such questions as this
to the rear, and are giving their
whole time and attention to the bus
iness of bossing politics in general,
and the Democratic party in particu
lar, through the medium of their lit
tle secret councils.
We have heard from several
sources, rumors to the effect that the
Alliance would propound certain
questions to the Congressional nomi
nees in this District, and the answers
to these questions would determine
which candidate would receive the
Alliance vote in November. All of
this might be somewhat alarming if
the Alliance had any power to con
trol the votes of its members, tut it
has no such power. Every Republi
can member of the Alliance will vote
a straight Republican ticket, no mat
ter what questions are propounded to
candidates, or what answers are giv
en. Democrats will likewise stand
shoulder to shoulder for the party
nominees. A few mugwumps are
roosting along on the fence, and about
as many will fall on one side as on
the other, so they will cut no figure
whatever in the contest. The AM
ance has had much greater success in
controlling conventions this summer
than it will havo In controlling the
election in November. The Alliance
has been playing a big game of bluff
all summer, and won the governor
ship trick on it, but when the game
U called on them at the polls wc are
of the opinion that they will show
up a very light hand.
THE ROAD CONGRESS.
The state road congress was held
in Nashville Tuesday and Wednes
day, with sixty-five delegates in at
tendance. A bill was prepared and
adopted by the Congress to be sub
mitted to the next General Assem
bly of the Stnte for the con.-id(. ration
of that body, and will in all proba
bility be enacted into a law. Follow -
ing are some of the main provisions
of the bill: The county courts of
each county are to elect a road com
missioner, who will have general
supervision of all roads and bridges
in the county. He is to hold office
for four years, and his compensation
is to be fixed by the county court.
The property tax for road purposes
shall not be less than 5 cents, nor
more than 23 cents on the $100, labor
not less than 2 days nor more than 8
days each year, privileges not less
than onefourth of state tax on same;
each wagon and team owned or run
In the county to be required to work
on the roads one day in each year.
Section 10 reads as follows :
Sec. 10. That such commissioner
shall lay off the roads of his county
Into sections and let the same to con
tractors, if the same can be done on
terras satisfactory to him, or other
wise he shall have the same con
structed under his superintendance
by such persons as he shall appoint
for that purpose ; that the contractor
shall be required to take the labor as
sessed upon persons, wagons and
teams In part payment of his services,
estimating each nana at oo cents a
riav ami pnph wonmn nnil totim r $2
per day ; that the commissioner shall
assign to each section of road or roads,
by specific designations, the hands,
wagons and teams affixed thereto.
But no commissioner shall make con
tracts beyond the amount of tax col
lectable for the current year.
The speeches made before the con
gress showed a remarkable concur-.
rence of opinion in favor of the con
tract system of building and main
tairiing public roads. It is unfortu
nate that so few were in attendance
upon the congress. Every county in
the state should nave naa two or
more delegates in attendance. It was
a meeting of vastly more importance
to the people than many political
gatherings to which hundreds flock.
It Is hoped, however, that the work
of the congress may be effectual in
shaping legislation by the next Gen
eral Aasembly which will give us a
vastly improved system . of public
roads over the state.
Of Doubtful Parentage.
Chattanooga Press: Now we have
the statement circulated that the sub-
treasury bill, the origin oi which is
mysterious, at least to those outside
of Alliance circles, was suggested by
the Board of Trade at Chicago and
dealers in futures and grain and cot
ton speculators at the trade centres of
the country. Those wily gentlemen
saw in such a scheme as this a chance
to keep accurately informed as to the
amount of grain, cotton, etc., tha
might be available for the market
Thus, the speculator, better posted in
every way, could control the market
in a way that would delight his soul
The farmer of course would be the
helpless prey of the slick manipula
tors of the trade centers.
Wide Awake N. & C.
The Nashville, Chattanooga & St
Louis railway Is nothing if not enter
prising. The latest project of the
management of this road is now be
ing carefully planned In the brain of
President Thomas, and is no more
nor less than the running of solid ves
tibule trains through from Nashville
to Atlanta. The Western & Atlantic
road will fall Into the hands of the
Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis
road about Jan. 1, a fact which will
enable the latter road to carry out
this latest bit of enterprise.
The locomotives and coaches have
already been ordered, and they will
be the finest of their kind ever seen
In this part of the country. Magnifi
cent dining-room cars, fitted Up in
the most elegant style, will be at
tached to each of the fur trains
which are to run between this city
and the Georgia capital.
There will be two trains each way
a day, leaving iasnvuie morning
and night, and they will run through
without change. The service will be
far ahead of that furnished travelers
by other southern roads. It will ren
der traveling to Atlanta a pleasure,
rather than a task to be avoided
whenever possible, and will greatly
Inciease the number of passengers.
These trains will probably be run
ning by the middle of January.
W. L. Harper, a farmer of Sumner
county, was killed by lightning Tues
There will be a re-union of Confed
erate veterans and sons of veterans
at Tullahoma Sept. Uth.
The first bale of new Tennessee
cotton was received in Nashville last
Wednesday. It was raised by W.
Ii. Patterson of Rutherford county,
and classed middling.
Valuable Bulletin From the Univer
sity of Tennessee .
Few things are of such vital Inter
est to a community as the condition
of its country roads. Probably no
other one thing outside of politics is
just now attracting so much atten
tion, or is being so seriously consid
ered. In recognition of this fact the
Experiment Station of the Universi
ty of Tennessee, at Knoxville, has
just Issued a Bulletin on the subject,
which was prepared by Prof. Win.
The bulletin refers briefly to the
arge annual loss occasioned by bad
roads and to the advance in values
that would surely follow their Im
provement, and then proceeds to dis
cuss the matter as a mechanical prob-
era, and shows by suitable tables the
effect produced on the traction by the
different grades and kinds of roads.
For example, one of the tables shows
that, on a level, the traction of gravel
s J, on McAdara , and on plank 1-5,
what it is on dirt. The same table
shows that, on any kind of road, the
traction Increases by about 11 per
cent, of the traction on a level dirt
road for each foot of rise per hundred.
It also shows that the traction is
about the same on a level dirt road,
on a gravel road rising 2 and J feet
per hundred, on a MacAdam rising
C, or on a plank road rising 7.
Another table compares, for each
road, the traction on a grade with
that on a level. For example, it
shows that a grade of nine feet to the
hundred makes the traction twice as
great as on a level if the road is dirt,
4 times as great if it is MacAdam,
y times if plank, ana 17 times if a
This far the bulletin deals only
with the loss which steep grades In
flict, a3 a matter of ascent, by causing
teams to travel with a fraction of the
loads which they could otherwise
haul. It next considers the damage
which they cause as a matter of des
scent. It supposes a full load for one
horse on a level (which is or course
different for different roads) to de
scend various grades, and shows the
number of horses that would be need
. ... r
eu to hoia bacw ir no brakes were
used. For example, in descending
grade of fifteen feet to the hundred,
and supposing the horses turned
around so as to hold back by pulling
on the traces, 4 horses would be need
ed to hold oacK on MacAdam, 7 on
plank, and 25 on a stone trackway,
to keep the wagon from running
away. The work of this many horses
must really be done in the descent in
some way or other, and it is necessa
rily done in doing damage, such as
in grinding the wheel and brake
block away against each other, or in
grinding or tearing up the road. Al
this hurtful work is reallyR done
sooner or later, by the horse himself,
In one of the tables, it is shown for
different roads, how steep a grade
may be descended without spending
any of the horse's work in this need
less and hurtful way.
It is assumed that a horse can, in
an emergency, do double work for
short time, but that no more should
ever be required of him. In other
words a horse can properly be requir
ed to draw for a short time as heavy
a load as two horses should be requir
ed to draw regularly over a road of
the same grade and condition. Dif
ferent horse owners will doubtless
hold different views as to whether
horse can do more or less than this
without injury to himself. But on
this assumption the writer shows that
the grade, for any road, which a ful
ly loaded wagon can ascend, without
help, is the same that it can descend
without loss of work and damage to
the vehicle or roadway. Hence he
holds that this grade, which is given
lor each kind ot road in the hrst ta
ble, is the steepest that should ever
be allowed in the country on that
kind of road. A grade, therefore
which would be entirely proper on
one kind of road would be highly in
judicious and extravagant on another
An approximate estimate is made
of the amount of the horse's work
consumed iu the different ways, and
methods of economizing suggested
It states, for example, that on a level
dirt road more than 94 per cent of the
work done by the horse Is spent in
making alterations in the road itself.
The bulletin urges, in cases where
money cannot be had to put greater
widths in first class condition, that
all roads be made as narrow as possi
ble, and that all the money available
be spent in improving the narrow
widths. And finally the writer in
sists that a good road cannot possibly
be made without a road roller, and
that by far the best way to stop the
frightful waste of labor and nibney
that now takes place on the roads of
the country is to employ competent
engineers to supervise the roads and
to make the road tax payable in
money alone. This paper will be
sont to any one applying to the Ex
periment Station at Knoxville.
Washington, Aug. 25, 18!K).
Boss Quay is again in supreme com
mand of the majority of the Senate.
He was lenient towards Senator Hoar,
Spooner and the rest of his opponents,
letting them down easy by allowing
them to report a pew resolution in
place of the one offered by him. But
it amounts to precisely the same
thing as il his resolution had been
adopted. The tariff bill is to be voted
upon during the first week or ten days
of September, and as a special sop to
the radical element the most of the
republican Senators have signed ah
agreement to vote for the considera
tion of the Force bill In December
next. This does not mean that all of
the republican Senators will vote for
that atrocious mcastye, for a number
of them have stated that while they
were willing to vote to have the
bill considered they proposed voting
against it. The radical element hopes
to gain four votes for It from the new
Senators from Idaho and Wyoming.
Senator Gorman was asked what
the democrats proposed doing In re
gard to the tariff bill. He said : "No
agreement has been reached as to the
close of debate upon the tariff bill.
When there has been a sufficient, if
not a thorough and satisfactory dis
cussion of the bill, the democrats will
agree, in accordance with the custom
of the Senate, to take a vote upon it.
The question has already been under
consideration, but no conclusion has
been reached. The proposition for a
closure must come from the republi
cans. None has yet been received.
When it comes we shall decide
whether it is satisfactory, if not we
shall make a counter proposition."
Senator Gorman intimated that in
two weeks more the democrats, hav
ing shown the most striking incon
sistencies of the bill, would beperfect-
y willing to have the republicans
pass it and let the voters of the coun
try, at the Congressional elections,
decidn which party was in the right.
Senator Carlisle presented an argu
ment which no republican Senator
could answer when he showed by
price lists and actual bills of sale that
certain American manufacturers, who
are given an increase of duty upon
products similar to those manufac
tured by them upon their plea, that
they are necessary to prevent their
being driven out of business by for
eign competitors, are selling their
manufactuers in foreign countries
much cheaper in some cases 33 and
50 per cent less than they sell the
same articles in the United States.
Mr. Carlisle said he thought, and the
consumers will undoubtedly think
with him, that if these manufacturers
could afford under the present tariff
to send their goods to foreign coun
tries to compete with foreign manu
facturers of the same articles, and sell
them for less than they did at home,
that it would be manifestly unjust to
the home buyers to raise the duty in
order to allow these manufacturers to
make their American customers pay
a still higher price. No republican
attempted to make a specific answer
to Mr. Carlisle's argument it can't
be answered." "Protection" is the
humbug of the age.
If in the face of the acknowledge
ment of the Commissioner of Pen
sions that he borrowed f lz.lKJO on
notes endorsed by George E. Lemon,
the king of the Washington Pension
attorneys, the republicans of the com
mittee investigating Representative
Cooper's charges against Raum de
cide to wlte-wash that official, they
will prove themselves to be possessed
of an unusual amount of "gall," even
for Reed's henchmen. When this
charge was first made, and before In
vestigatlon was ordered, Mr. Raum
and his friends repeatedly stated that
Lemon had never Indorsed his notes
Finding that Mr. Cooper had absolute
proof of the transaction he now boldly
attempts to deny that he has favored
Lemon by advancing his business in
the Pension office. Lemon did not
endorse those notes for nothing, and
if he had not taken himself off to Eu
rope to escape testifying, Mr. Cooper
would have made .that fact even
clearer than It Is now. The commit
tee, which has taken a recess to the
first of September, has, by its rulings
(voted against by the democratic
members) made it almost Impossible
for Mr. Cooper to prove the other
charges, but what Is admitted should
be enough to make A vacancy in the
head of the Pension office.
Speaker Reed could stand the pres
sure no longer, and on Saturday he
agreed that Friday and Saturday
of this week should be deyoted to the
consideration of measures reported
from the committee on Labor, and
the House so ordered. He heard
from some of the labor organizations
in his district.
..: .' I.u-.t ; Imt the -nc hc-st :i for
1-s ,.'ul;ury iiiKxlyiii! i.m. uuiunt
ou.ililks is Ayer's Cherry 1V-....-I ;.l. Tor
nearly hall :i century this i . in has
been in greater t'.eiiiaiiil than I.t-r rem
edy for colds roughs, 1 rn-al.i . ;.nt pid
munary eiciiplaints Iu -ruci;:l.
"1 sun -h-.I for umiv than eiM Months
from H si u-lc. c-.mitfh iu:(-inil;inii-l will) lli'ltl-onliii-e
of the limes anil (in Expectoration
of matter. T:ie physicians piv-j me up, but
niy ilnifuist prcviiiluu on me to try
1 di! si. ami soon begun to improve; my
Iain's In- tliij cotitfh ceased, Mid I lie-i-ai-au
stont'-r iiml healthier tlmn I have ever
lun-n l.cune. 1 would snidest that the nnme
of Ayer's ('lu rry Teetotal he changi-d to
tllxir of Life, for it certainly saved life."
F. J. Olldi-n. Kalto, Jiuenos Ay res.
"A few years ii:o I tool; a very had cold,
which settled on my lunpt. I had t'lnht
awetts, a racking rough, mid ;rr st soreness.
My doctor's medicine, did tiic no good. I
tried many remedies, li;t received no bene
fit; c-veryhody despair.-d of ivy r.vovevy. I
was advised to use Ayer's Cherry l't-rtoral.
and, as a last resort, did ho. Fn.m the first
dose I ohtained relief, and, after using two
lmttles of It, was completely restored to
health."- F. Adams, New (irttur., X. J.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,
l-UEl'AKED II Y
Dr. . .'.YEH & CO., Lowell, tt.ua.
6oltllVH.i 1 irui;--!i. Price fl; nil t.btt'.in, ii.
Our very large Stock of the Latest
Spring Styles in Hats & Men's
Furnishing Goods is now complete. Mr. A.
M. St. John tins hung his hat up with us
and when you come to Nashville he will be
glad for you to pay him avisit. He will meet
you with his usual smile and characteristic
good humor, and if you want anything in
his line he will ofl'er you the best induce
Marble i Graniteorks
JOHN T. WILSON & CO., Prop's.
111$ AM) HEIUdS
Stone l Cemetery Work,
Yard and Office on Spring Street,
Hickory Creek Farm
A FARM of 133 nertB, situated VA
miles frem Vervilla, adjoining Winton
and Ramsey, 35 acres of bottom land on west
side of Hickory Creek ; good house, barn
and spring; best of land ;
1200 BEARING APPLE TREES,
best ot fruit, grapes, etc. Will be sold
cheap. For further information call on
D. H. CALLIIIAN, Vernlla, Tenn.,
or address G. W. NELSON,
Box 131. New Lisbon, Ohio.
NEW YORK STORE.
'. . , . ' : , , ' . : -
I have just received and opened a large
and well selected stock of
BOOTS a SHOES,
for men, women and children, varying in
price from 75cts to $5.00 per pair, and good
value given for the money on every pair.
Will sell for
GASH OR BARTER.
Call and see my stock before buying. Re
member also that niy stork'of
GROCERIES, CONFECTIONS, ETC,
is always kept full and fresh.
W. IT. YORK.
fnTTYQ TJ ITT?T tn-irhfl riun1onfltt.
XU.1.0 Jl ii.rU XV l'. ftoweliau.-i Newspaper
AdTrtllnnoria(?)Spnii-8r i. nher Rdvertnlni
couiwcts may be Ei-do lur it IA SttV VOUK
fff Mantles, A
We keep in onr yard J
a large assortment A I M
m of Finished L M
jf Marble and Granite ; i'''KiJ'-- '