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SOUTHERN STANDARD - MIIN.H VILLE, ;TEN,NKS,EE.SAT,URDAY,-f JjEETYft,, tfoo. 6
Somo Clover Questions Answered.
Cor. Country Gentleman. , , , ,
A reader of your paper in Trum
bull county, O., asks some questions
about clover, with the request that I
answer them through your columns.
He writes as follows :
1. I have a field of Mammoth clo
ver stubble to cut for hay. My ex
perience with this clover shows that
it makes no second crop the same
season, but I do not know whether
or not it will make a crop next year
if I let it stand over. Can you tell ?
I have grown the Mammoth cic
yer for some years, and have known
three crops of seed cut in succession
from one seeding, but the first crop
was far the best, and from some
years of experience I have concluded
that it is best with the common clo
ver, or the mammoth, to let it stand
but one year. My reasons for this
are : First, that the clover makes its
best growth and most profitable
yield the first year, as both root and
top reach their full development,
and the land receives the greatest
benefit during this year. Second,
there is less danger of the multiplica
tion of insects when the field 6tands
but one year. The danger of getting
both grub worms and cut worms in
our land is greatly increased when
the clover field are allowed to stand
two years ; and Bince the clover-seed
midge has gained a residence in
Ohio, we cannot be too careful not to
encourage its propagation, and allow
ing the crop to stand two years cer
tainly glve3 them a good chance to
multiply. I would therefore advise
that the field be put in some crop for
next year, and not allowed to stand
2. I have another field of Mammoth
clover which I am trying to turn un
der, but the growth is so heavy that
I have poor successs with it. I can
go but a few feet until the plow is
choked. Can you suggest any reme
A heavy three-horse plow with a
rolling cutter .will probably enable
you to do good work, but if that field
was mine I should certainly burn the
clover off. The heaviest yield of
wheat I have ever seen reported
from the State of Ohio was grown
where the owner worried for a day
or two with just such a growth of
Mammoth clover and finally set fire
to it, and the result was that he bar
yested over sixty bushels of wheat to
the acre. I read the account of it at
the time and it was afterwards veri
fled by Prof. Townshend. I would
not recommend burning as a general
practice, although I am not certain
but that it would be wise; I have
seen on my own and my neighbors'
farms such excellent results from
burning wheat stubble that I certain
ly should advise that it be tried. One
member of the farmers' club to
which I belong spreads each year all
the straw he can spare on his wheat
land after it is plowed, and burns it
off, and he gets uniformly good re
suits, much better he says than if he
should rot the same amount of straw
and spread the manure. You will
certainly kill all insects, and you will
find that the burning of the soil will
make it very fine and mellow, and
the wheat will start as though it had
been dressed with fine manure
have been roughly handled by some
of our writers before for recommend
ing this, but on all soils where
have tried it the result has justified
3. I notice that writers in the Coun
try Gentleman and also the Ohio
Farmer state that to seed clover after
clover is usually a failure, and my
experience confirms this. How long
after turning under the clover for
wheat can I successfully seed to ch
ver ana timothy for meadow l
I rarely seed wheat on clover, as
my rotation is either potatoes or corn
after clover, but there is no difficulty
in seeding to timothy and other; gras
ses, and I think on my soil I could
get a stand of clover after clover, but
I am sure that I have no difflculcy in
seeding with clover every other year,
and I have followed this rotation for
twenty years on my best land ; but
have plowed down the clover after
the first summer's growth, net pasta
ring at all after harvest, and in this
every year, and a clover crop for
fertilizing onco in two years. I am
quite sure that I gef more , benefit
from a clover crop to cut it once or
twice between harvest and cold
weather, as the better the ground is
mulched the greater the chemica
action, and if the weather is such as
to make a rank growth of clover,
feel that this crop pays, cost consid'
ered, as well as any one that occupies
the land a full year.
I think the better plan is to let the
clover stend one year, and make the
rotation three years corn or pota
toes, wheat, clover but I have been
trying this other plan as an experN
mcnt, and shall continue it for some
years longer. I find great difficulty
n getting a good stand of clover
with oats, for while it comes up as
well or better than on wheat land, it
is so densely shaded as to be tender,
and often burns up after harvest.
Thl3 has been the case this year, and
while the clover alongside on the
wheat land is heavy and thick, that
on the oats has nearly all disap
peared. Waldo F. Bkown.
Expei'ments With Corn.
The Pennsylvania" State College
Experiment Station, in its Bulletin
No. 11, gives a detailed account of
experiments made with different va
rieties of corn, to determine their
comparative value ior ensilage, grain,
and for fodder or late forage. They
were placed under the several heads
of Flint, Dent, Fodder and Late For
age. The ensilage varieties were
planted at the rate of over a half
bushel of seed to the acre, and the
ate forage sorts at the rate of nearly
three bushel. The following are some
of the conclusions reached, which we
give in condensed form:
1, The four flint varieties, ripening
nearly at the same time, were some
days earlier than the dent, but had
2. The "self-husking" was . the
earliest, but had the lowest yield.
3. For the climate as far north as
Central Pennsylvania, and with an
altitude ot 1,000 feet above the sea
evel, the smaller dents only can be
planted for the grain.
4.. The larger dents will answer
only for ensilage, in this region, but
will succeed for grain in warmer val-
eys further south.
5. The Burrell and Whitman corn
yielded the most In quantity for en
silage, but Breck's Boston Market
eave nearly as much and exceeded
in dry or solid matter.
6. Fully one-half of the dry matter
or food material) wa3 found in the
ears, and one:fifth of this in the cob,
and one-fourth to one-third of the
total amount in the plant was found
n the leaves and husks, in corn rais
ed for grain.
7. Of the remaining one-fourth
there were four or five times as much
n the butts as in the tops. Hence
the great amount lost when the stalks
are fed whole, and which is saved by
cutting before feeding or in siloes.
This loss appears to be from seven to
wenty-lwo in every hundred pounds
of dry matter or food material.
8. A great deal of dry matter is lost
by cutting the crop before it reaches
maturity, or from the time the ker
nelsbecin to glaze, until matured
9. The following were the ensilage
varieties tested: Burrell & Whitman,
Breck's Boston Market, Blount's
Prolific, Salzer's Fodder, and White
Southern. Breck's was ten or twelve
days earlier than the others, the ears
forming while the White Southern
had only begun to form tassels.
Blount's and B. & W. were three
days later. Salzer's caino next, and
had more ears, but the kernels were
soft, and the stalks were weak. The
B. & W. was the latest of the five va
rieties but gave the largest yield.
These experiments were made by
Wm. II. Caldwell, assistant agricult
urist of the station, of which Prof,
II. P. Armsby is director.
Tne Ocean's Floor.
St. Louis Republic.
Here is an end of all romance about
hidden ocean depths.. The whole
ocean is now mapped out for us
The report of the expedition sent out
from London for the purpose of ocean
surveys has recently been published
Nearly four years were given to the
examination of the currents and the
four great oceans. The Atlantic, we
are told, if drained, would be a vas
plain with a mountain range in the
middle running parallel with our
coast. Another range crosses it from
Newfoundland to Ireland, on the top
of which lies the submarine cable.
The ocean is thus divided into three
great basins, no longer "unfathomed
depths." The tops of these sea
mountains are two miles below a sail
ing ship, and the basins, according to
Iteclus. almost five miles. These
mountains are whitened for thou
sands of miles by a tiny, creamy
species of shell, lying as thickly on
their sides as frost crystals on a snow
bank. The deepest parts are red in
color, heaped with volcanio masses,
Through the black, motionless waters
of these abysses move gigantic abnor
mal creatures never seen in upper
Subscribe for the Standard, f 1.00.
RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL.
One hundred and two yerg ago
there wu not a slno-la Earlisfe evangeli
cal missionary in the whole world.
Prof. Boons, of Indiana University,
eaya that of 0,500 theological students
In the United States less than one
fourth are college graduates. All the
othenjIXduates make a break for journalism.
Germany is suffering from a surplus
cf educated men. In 1870 there wero
In the German universities 14,000 stu
dents; in 1888 the numbor had risen to
80,297. While the population grew from
100 to 115 per cent, the number ot stu-
flonts rose from 100 to 818 per cent.
It Is stated that between the years
1866 and 1580 the Italian Government
svpprdssed 4,144 religious houses. 2,179
reltrlous corporations, 40,237 secular
Clergy foundations, and 60,073 other
fOuniatlona, and that the income of real
and movable property seized by the
Government is about 110,000,000.
It is aald that no less than 7,709
school gardens extet in Austria, not In
cluding the sUtor Kingdom oi Hungary.
They are connected with both private
and public schools, are asedfor purposes
of praotlcal instruction in horticulture'
and tree growing, and often contain
botanical museums and bee hives.
-The missionary firo is burninir in
our bttfher Institutions of learning as
never before. This means that the bap
tism of the Holy Ghost has fallen upon
our schools, and that tbj kingdoms ot
this world will soon be ablaze with Gos
pel light These young evangelists will
bear the banners of their King to the
uttermost parts of the earth. God is
calling them, and He will be with them
according to His promise Nashville
According to a French journal, tho
number of foreign students now study
ing in Paris is about 1,000, of whom 789
(107 of them women) are studying medi
cine, and 183 law. Literature has M
(Including 9 women), science 60, pharm
acy 23. It is remarkable that Russia
furnishes the largest contingent of the
foreign medical studonts, viz.: 150,
America coming next with 130. We find
no mention of England. Tho foreign
clement is, on the above estimato, about
ono-tonth of the whole.
This paragraph from the Watchman
throws considerable light on the diffi
culties of missionary work in India: "A
gentleman who has rocently returned
from extcnslvo travels in India told the
writer that in one of their cities he do-
livcred an address upon Christianity to
an audlonce of 300 Brahmins, who spoke
English better than he did, and who
afterward camo in large numbers to his
bungalow asking him to answer the nr
guments against Christianity in a tract
they handed him, which he found to bo
one of Colonol Ingersoll s speeches."
WIT AND WISDOM.
If tho young man knew, if tho old
man could, there is nothing but would
be done. Italian Proverb.
Not all the wisdom of tho world is
contained in books. If you doubt this
go and listen to a nineteen-year-old
youth while he instructs his pa.
It is the old man who has shunned
work all his life who is continually say
ing: "That boy ought to be set to work
and kept at it" Texas Sittings.
How unpleasant it is to meet the
man who know3 every thing, and who
compels one to listen to him telling it.
Rest isRwcet after such an experience.
Debato and theorize U3 wo may, wo
must perceivo that ovents and circum
stances have a persistent way of regu
latlng the courso of tho world, and that
the opposite influences of tho head and
the heart will go on while man has a
head to think and a heart to feel. N,
Kind words aro the brightest flow
crs of earth's existence; they make a
vory paradise of tho humblost home that
the world can show. Use them, and
especially round the fireside circle.
They are jewels boyond price, and more
precious to heal the wounded heart and
make the weighed-down spirit glad than
all the other blessings the world can
give. Old Ilomestoad.
An old deacoft used to pray: "Lord,
help us to see through ourselves." We
are frequently reminded of this petition
when persons of quick discernment in
other directions show themselves wo
fully lacking in a knowledge of thcr
own flaws and faults of character. To
see deep down into one's inner motives
and ambitions makes uS strong ourselves
and qualifies us better to bless tho world,
The idle thoughts of authors are
generally better than their most care
fully pruned expressions. Idle thoughts
are like wild flowers, beautiful bocauso
we find them unexpectedly. The mid'
night and "tired eye" thought is too
much like the potted plant In looking
at it we see the evidence of extreme
care. No matter how beautiful and
graceful the statue, much of its beauty
fades away when we discover a mark ot
the chisel. Arkansaw Traveler.
Every sensible man, who has the
means and opportunity, recuperates
himself by frequent pauses for rccrea
tion. no does not dofor his period of
pleasure until the closing months of
worn-out life. He is too wise to expect
impossibilities of nature the recupera
tion of an utterly exbaustod body. He
has had his comfort and enjoyment in
due season, and is grateful to Heaven
that he possesses the means to procure
all tho comforts of life, which he wisely
oses to prolong his existence. Ex
THE GREAT SOUTH AMERICA!?
The Most Astonishing Medical Discovery of
It is Pleasant to the Taste as the Sweetest Nectar.
It Is Safe and Harmless as the purest ilk.
This wonderful Nervine Tonic has only recently been introduced into
;his country by the Great South American MAdid' f!flTTinilTlT arA vnf Xtm
great value as a Curativo agent has long been known by the native inhab
itants of South America, who rely almost wholly upon its great medicinal
powers to cure every form of disease by which they are overtaken.
This new and valuable South American
qualities hitherto unknown to tho medical profession. This medicine has
lilt 1.1 It A.I X V .
compiereiy soivea ine prowem or. me cure ot indigestion, Dyspepsia, Liver
Complaint, and diseases of the general Nervous System. It also cures all
forms of failing health from whatever cause. It performs this by the Great
Nervine Tonic qualities which it possesses and by its great curative powers
ujiu mv. uijwmio w(jttiu, uio biuujuuu, me nver uuu i.uo uuwcis. ixo remedy
compares with this wonderfully valuable Nervine Tonic as a builder and
-a 1.1 - & aI A .1
iiruugiuener oi me me iorces oi ine numan noay ana as a great renewer of
i broken down constitution. It is also of mnrA rwil wrmnmrnt vnlnn Sn
treatment and cure of diseases of the Lungs than any ten consumption rem
edies ever Used on this continent. It is a nuLrroinna rtim fni
- - vA X -V WUCUV,
of females of all ages. Ladies who are approaching the critical period known
us vmuucu u me, uiuuiu uvt au iaj ubo iuib greafc i.1 ervino xoniu almost
constantly for the space of two or three years. It will carry them safely
over the dancer. This preat strencrthener And rnmiivo ta nf inodimoKU
value to the aged and infirm, because its great energizing properties will
give mem a new noia on me. 11 wiu aau ten or mtcen years to the lives of
many of those who will use a half dozen bottles of the remedy each year.
Nervous Headache and
All Diseases of Women,
Nervous Paroxysms and
Palpitation of tho Heart,
St. Vitus s Dance,
Nervousness of Females,
Nervousness of Old Age,
rains in the Heart,
Pains in the Back,
All these and many other complaints
Gen. James. Longstreet We are
happy to state that this "old war
rior" is in better health than he has
been in years. He has been a great
sufferer from insomnia, indigestion
and rheumatism. King's Royal
Germateur has cured him, and has
given hlra a lease of twenty years
more on bis life.
Debility of Old Age,
Indigestion and DvBpepeia,
Heartburn and Sour Stomach,
Weight and Tenderness in Stomach,
Loss of Appetite,
Dizziness and Kinging in the Ears,
Weakness of Extremities and
Impure and Impoverished Blood, '
Boils and Carbuncles, ' i : '
Scrofulous Swelling and Ulcers,'
Consumption of the Lungs, . ,
Catarrh of the Lungs,
Bronchitis and Chronio Cough,
Delicate and Scrofulous Children,
Summer Complaint of Infants,
cured by this wonderful Nervine Tonic
As a cure for every class of Nervous Diseases, no remedy has been able
to compare with the Nervine Tonic, which is very pleasant and harmless in
all its effects upon the youngest child or tho oldest and most delicate individ
ual. Nine-tenths of all the ailments to which the human family is heir, are
dependent on nervous exhaustion and impaired digestion. When there i3 an
insufficient supply of nerve food in tho blood, n general Btate of debility of
the brain, spinal marrow and nerves is the result Starved nerves, like
Etarved muscles, become strong when tho right kind of food is supplied, and
a thousand weaknesses and ailments disappear as the nerves recover. As the
nervous system must supply all tho power by which tho vital forces of tho
body are carried on, it is the first to suffer for want of perfect nutrition.
Ordinary food does not contain a sufficient quantity of tho kind of nutriment
necessary to repair the wear our present mode of living and labor imposes
upon tho nerves. For thi3 reason it becomes necessary that a nerve food be
supplied. This recent production of the South American Continent has been
found, by analysis, to contain tho essential elements out of which nerve tissue
is formed. This accounts for its magic power to euro all forms of nervous
CBAWFOEDSmLX, Ind., Aug. 20, '88."
To the Great South American Medicine Co. :
Deax Gents: I desire to say to yon that I
hv Buffered far many years with a very seri
ous disease of tho stomach and nerves. 1 tried
every medicine I could hear ot but nothing
done me any appreciable good until I was ad
vised to try your Great South American Nervine
Tonic and Stomach and Liver Cure, and since
using several bottles of It I must say that I am
surprised at its wonderful powers to cure the
stomach and general nervous system. If every
one knew the value of this remedy as I do, you
would not bo able to supply the demand.
J. A. Hardeb,
Ex-Trcas. Montgomery Co,
Mr. Solomon Bond, a member of the Society
of Friends, of Darlington, Ind., says: "I cava
used twelve bottles of Tho Great South Ameri
can Nervine Tonic and Stomach and Liver Curat
and I consider that every bottle did for me one
hundred dollars worth of good, because I have
not had a good night's sleep for twenty years
on account ot irritation, pain, horriblo dreams,
and general nervous prostration, which has
been caused by chronic indigestion and dys
pepsia of the stomach and by a broken down
condition of my nervous system. But now I can
lie down and sleep all night as sweetly as a baby,
and I feel like a sound man. I do not think:
there has ever been a medicine introduced into
this country which will at all compare with
this Nervine Tonic as a cure ior the stomach."
A SWORN CURE FOR ST. VITDS'S DANCE OR CHOREA.
Crawtordrvtllk, Ind., Hay 19, 1886.
My daughter, twelve years old, had been af
flicted for several months with Chorea or Bt.
Vltus's Dance. She was reduced to a skeleton,
could not walk, could not talk, could not swal
low anything but milk. I had to handle her
like an infant Doctor and neighbors gave her
up. 1 commenced giving her the South Ameri
can Nervine Tonic: the effects were very sur
prising. In three nays she was rid of the ner
vousness, and rapidly Improved. Four bottles
cured her completely. I think the South
American Nervine the grandest remedy ever
discovered, and would recommend it to every
one. Mus. W. S. Esskihqib.
State of Indiana, .u.
Montgomery County, I
Subscribed and sworn to before me this May
19, 1887. Ciua. M. Tkavis, Notary Public.
Cbawfobdsvtixe, Ind., Jane 22, 13S7.
My daughter, eleven years old, was severely
afflicted with St. Vltus's Dance or Chorea. We
gave her three and one-half bottles of South
American Nervine- and she Is completely re
stored. I believe it will cure every case of St.
Vltus's Dance. I have kept it In my family for
two years, and am sure it is the greatest rem
edy in the world for Indigestion and Dyspep
sia, all forms of Nervous Disorders and Failing
Health from whatever cause.
John T. Mish.
Btate of Indiana, .
Montgomery County, f
Subscribed and sworn to before mo this June
22, 1887. Chas. W. Wright,
INDIGESTION AND DYSPEPSIA.
The Great South American Nervine Tonic
"Which we now offer you, is tho only absolutely unihiling remedy ever discov
ered for the cure of Indigestion, Dyspepsia, and the vast train of symptoms
and horrors which are the result of disease tnd debility of the human stom
ach. No person can afford to pass by this jewel of incalculable value who h
affected by disease of tho Stomach, because the experience and testimony of
thousands go to prove that this is the one and oxifi one great cure in tho
world for this universal destroyer. There is no case of unmalignant diseass
of the stomach which can resist tho wonderful curative powers of the South
American Nervine Tonic ;
Harriet E. Hall, of Waynetown. Ind., says:
"I owe my life to The Great South American
Nervine. I bad been in bed ior five months
from the effects of an exhausted Stomach, In
digestion, Nervous Prostration and a general
shattered condition of my whole system. Had
given Bp all hopes of getting wclL Had tried
three doctors with no relief. The first bottle of
the Nervine Tonic improved me so much that I
was able to walk about, and a few bottles cured
me entirely. I believe it the best medicine in
? world. IcannotcMcraondlttoohlglHy,,
Mrs. Ella A. Eratton, of New Ross, Indiana,
says: "I can not express how much I owe to the
Nervine Tonic. My system was completely
shattered, appetite gone, was coughing ana
spitting up blood ; am sure I was In the first
stages of consumption, an inheritance handed
down through several generations. I began
taking the Nervine Tonio and continued its
use for about six months, and am entirely
cured. It is the grandest remedy ior nerves;
stomach, and lungs I have ever seen.
KITCHEY & BOSTIOK,
Sole Wholesale and Retail Agents for Warren County
;VEKf BOTTLE ;VSAB8ArJTCD.--
Price, Large 18 ounce Bottles, $1.28. Trial Size, 18 cent