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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE. TENNESSEE -
NOV- 15, I890
Farmers' Home Jouriml.
The subject of fertilizers has fre
quently been discussed in our meet
ings, and the time has come when
we can, perhaps, dissect this general
term and get some food for profitable
thought ; hence I call your attention
to phosphates which is one of the
leading elements that enter into the
composition of all fertilizers. In
fact it is the principal element that
enters into the frame work (If I am
allowed the expression) of the mate
rial universe. The rock-ribbed earth,
all vegetable and animal matter ev
erything we coma in contact with in
life or death is largely composed of
this wonderful substance we call
phosphate. With it fruits and flow
ers gladden the hearts of men.
Without it sterility and barrenness
greet the eye.
If you ask mo what this substance
is I can only say it is a simple ele
ment and cannot be defined no more
than you can define oxygen, carbon,
lime, potash, and even figures or
numbers, are the only names given
to designate one from the other. So
We find it combined with lime in
various forms hence wo say phos
phates of lime ; with sand, we say,
calciun phosphate. We know not
why the term bone phosphates
should have become the common term
amonff chemists as well as farmers
unless it was for many years sup
posed that animal bone alone con
tained phosphate in large quantity
and the only substance in which it
was to be found in large quanti
About seventy years ago a learned
German chemist began to analyze
various substances, and discovered
phosphate in almost all material
substances. This led to many inter
esting experiments. Chemistry was
appealed to for more light, and about
thirty years ago the celebrated firm
of Laws & Gilbert, of England, spent
freely of their large fortune to make
practical application of the recent
Germany and Belgium were the
first to lend government aid in suf-
ticent amounts to establish experi
mental farms. Then followed Eng
land and other European countries,
and now we have these experimental
farms in almost every section of our
own country. All of them have con
nected with them a chemical labora-
tory and have clone and are doing
much to unite scientific work of the
laboratory and the practical every
day work of the farm. In nothing
has there been so much light thrown
as the wonderful amount of phos
phate that is required by animal and
It has been a serious question,
where is the supply of this material
to come from? Animal bone cannot
supply the demand. The philan
thropist and chemist, in search for
more, found in Canada a substance
called apatite, which has proven val
liable, but this is in limited quanti
ties. The discovery of the great beds
of phosphate rock in South Carolina
appeared to supply the growing de
mand for a while, but this was large
ly taken by the European countries.
Then another great source of phos
phate was brought to light by the
chemist, in utilizing the common
slag, from which steel is made, but
this was not sufficient to supply the
growing demand. Another supply
has been discovered in Florida. The
large deposits found here will no
doubt quiet our nerves and give the
farmer assurance that the much need
eu suostance win be reasonable in
price for many ages to come. That
more light will be thrown upon its
use I am confident.
V. M. Metcalfe.
better, and were more thankful tor
their few blessings than the peoplt of
today, with all their luxury (improve
ments, fine carriages and fast horses.
We have always had enough to eat
and wear ; no famine has yet pre
vailed in the United States; then
why cry hard times?
The chief cause of hard time9 is
debt one of the greatest curses in the
world. To keep out of debt means
good times. To run in debt, to mort
gage your farm, means sooner or later
no home of your own. If you wish
to see hard times and poverty, go to
the city and there you will find some
thing you never knew anything of
before people out ot work, people
who do not know where the " next
meal is coming from. While prices
are low, make your expenses less.
But don't make money your god;
live comfortably if you can ; if crops
are low, farm better ; use more man
ure, raise larger crops. There may
be something raised on your farm in
which there is money. Try to get
taxes lower, and if necessary form a
trust ; fix your own prices on farm
products, the same m manufacturers
do agricultural implements.
Many think that the day for farm
r&' making a decent living is past.
But think that the best times are yet
to come. Last spring, how was it?
There was a drouth farmers said
mere wouia no no wneat, no corn or
hay. What came? Itain, and farm
ers had the largest crops they have
had for years. So I believe that those
who keep out of debt will come out
all right yet, and that there are better
times coming for farmers. One great
trouble now is that there are so many
farms which are only half farmed. If
farmers had to buy everything they
can raise on the farm, same as city
people, or go without them, then
they might cry hard times.
It is a good plan for every fanner
to keep an account of his expenses,
and everything sold, and see how
much they make each year, and try
each year to make more. I doubt if
one farmer in ten can tell how much
he makes per year. Don't forget,
however, to include everything you
use from the farm for your family,
the same as if you had them to buy.
If we succeed we must keep up cour
age, pushing onward, looking for
ward for better times and prosperity,
more united in good farming and
farming that pays. United in profit
able farming we stand ; in unprofit
able farming we fall. Heading the
Country Gentleman and profiting by
its advice means sure success.
Champaign Co., O.
A Novel Method of Collecting Taxes'
Almost the first difficulties that be
set a people trying to govern for
themselves is the question of revenue.
Where is the money to come from?
axes, the bugbear ot all nations, also
puzzle the Swiss. His method in
raising them in some of the cantons
s alike interesting and novel, and is
described as follows in Harper's
Magazine for November :
No official assessment is made of
property. Blanks are distributed to
every house to be filled in by its occu
pants. The system is known a9 the
progressive" tax scale. A, who
owns $4,000 worth ot property, pays
taxes on eight-tenths of it ; while C,
with his $100,000 worth of property,
pays taxes on the whole. The result
that C pays not the proportional
twenty-five times the amount of A's
taxes, but fifty times as much. The
income tax is managed after a similar
fashion. The rich pay out of all pro
portion to the poorer classes. They
probably would not change places
with the poor, however, even to save
what they decry as unjust taxation.
The plan is not always a popular one.
eaving every man to assess himself
has the disadvantage that the rich,
with stocks and bonds, sometimes do
not make return of them. When a
rich Swiss dies, however, the govern
ment control of his estate quickly
makes amends for all past misdeeds
in the way of assessments, and every
penney of taxes held back i9 now de
ducted, together with compound in
terest and fines.
Hard Times Then and Now.
Cor. Country Gentleman.
The great cry today among farmers
is hard times. I will admit that
times are dull and prices of produce
low. But 50 or 100 years ago, when
the first settlers had to clear ofT a piece
of timber to get a little dab of crops
planted ; when they built rough log
cabins; went to mill on horseback
with corn, perhaps 25 miles ; had not
much money ; worked hard, without
the help of mowing machines, reap
ers, riding plows, and improved ma
chinery of all kinds, in short, had not
the thousand privileges we enjoy,
linn hard tunes existed in reality;
yet I dare say the people of those
days with their simple living, log
imuiiis, rougn roaus, n carnages or
fast horses, enjoyed themselves far
We Can And Do
Guarantee Dr. Acker's Blood Elixir
for it has been fully demonstrated to
the people of this country that it is
superior to all other preparations for
bioou diseases. It is a positive cure
for syphilitic poisoning, Ulcers, Erup
tions and l'imples. It purifies the
whole system and thoroughly builds
up the constitution. Isold by W. JI
i Joining. ;
Whipping an Elephant.
An illustration of an elephant';
violence and contrition is given by
General George Bell in his "Hough
Notes of an Old Soldier," written
while he was serving in India.
While the party was in camp,
mahout went with his elephant to
cut forage. The mahout punished
the beast for disobedience by a blow
on the shins, which so enraged the
elephant that he seized the man wit
his trunk, dashed him to the ground
and trampled him to death.
No sooner had he killed his keeper
than he repented, roared, and bolted
for the jungle to hide himself. Six
other elephants guided by their ma.
houts, followed him. On being driv
en into a corner, he surrendered and
was led into camp a prisoner, and
chains were placed on his legs.
Then came his punishment. An
elephant was placed on either side,
each holding a heavy iron chain. As
the dead body of the mahout was
laid on the grass before him, the
elephant roared loudly, being per
fectly aware of what he had done.
A mahout ordered the two elO'
phants to punish the murderer
Lifting the two heavy chains high i
the air with their trunks, they whip
ped him with these iron whips until
he made the camp echo with his
roars of pain. He was then picketed
by himself, and an iron chain attach
ed to his hind leg, which he dragged
after him on the march.
A Child Killed.
Another child killed by the use of
opiates given in the form of Soothing
Sprup. Why mothers give their
children such deadly poison is sur
prising when they Van relieve the
ehihl of its peculiar troubles by u-qng
Dr. Acker's 1 Salty Soother. It eoii
tainsno opium or morphine. Stld
by W. II. Fleming. i'
When vice prevails and impious men bear
Wlten cuts, sprains, bruises torment all
Then ease from pain from care and hurt
ISy great Salvation Oil, the standard liniment.
How it Looks to the Canadian Farmer.
A protective tarilf is essentially
selhsh, but we lustily it because we
believe that selfishness maybe some
times justifiable, that it may be
right under some circumstances to
look out for No. 1. Every man
would protect his own family first
and even at the expense of his neigh
bors; he would help his own town
more than an adjoining one, the same
with his own state and nation. But
this prudential selfishness often bears
with some severity on the neighbor
who is unable to get the benefit of it
The feeling of many Canadian farm
ers just now is illustrated by the fol
lowing which we clip from the Prince
Edward Island Farmer:
Among the good things contained
in Grip of the 11th inst., is a cartoon
showing a high stone wall in the
background with massive iron doors
above which are the significant let
ters U. S., while across those door?
which are closed tight, is a placard
stating that they are "closed by order
of McKinley." Near these doors ap
pears a Canadian farmer who has
just driven up with a team and
load of the produce of Canada. Above
the load there sits behind the farmer
his wife who has on her arms two
baskets of eggs. In the immediate
foreground of the picture is seen Si
JohnjMcDonald with his back partly
turned to the farmer. The latter in
his dilemma at seeing the closed
doors, has just hailed Sir John with
the periinent question: "Say, boss,
could you show mo the way to the
home market?" It is needless to
say that the expression on the chief
tain's face is a study. He stands
with his own hand upon his lips
completely stuck for an answer. The
scene is a most graphic one, and
speaks volumes on the political situation.
THE GREAT SOUTH AMERICAN
The Most Astonishing Medical Discovery, of
uio itibt une nunarea xears.
It is Pleasant to the Taste as the Sweetest Nectar.
It Is Safe and Harmless as the Purest Milk.
This wonderful Nervine Tonio has onlv recently Wn ?
this country by the Great South American Medicine Company, and yet its'
great value as a curative agent has long been known by the native inhab
itants of South America, who rely almost wholly upon its great medicinal
powers to cure every form of disease by which they are overtaken
This new and valuable South American medicine possesses powers and
qualities hitherto unknown to the medical profession. This medicine has
completely solved the problem of the cure of Indigestion, Dyspepsia, Liver
vumj-muiauu uucoaa w mo jjcutrui xtervoua oysiem. It also cures all
forms of failing health from whatever cause. It nerforms this hv t hn fiiwif.
Nervine Tonic qualities which it possesses and by its great curative powers
14)011 mi; uigwswve organs, me siomacn, me nver ana tne bowels. JNo remedy
compares with this wonderfully valuable Nervine Tonic as a builder and
streugthener of the life forces of the human body and as a great renewer of
a broken down constitution. It is also of more real permanent value in the
treatment and cure of diseases of the Lungs than any ten consumption rem
edies ever used on this continent. It is a marvelous cure for nervous
of females of all ages. Ladies who are approaching the critical period known,
as change in life, Bhould not fail to use this great Nervine Tonic almost
constantly for the space of two or three years. It will carry them safely
over the danger. This great strengthener and curative is of innstimnHn
value to the aged and infirm, because its great energizing properties will
give them a new hold on life. It will add ten or fifteen years to the lives of
many of those who will use a half dozen bottles of the remedy each year.
Nervous Headache and
b emale Weakness,
All Diseases of Women,
Nervous Paroxysms and
Hot r lashes,
Palpitation of tho Heart,
St. Vitus's Dance,
Nervousness of Females,
Nervousness of Old Age,
Pains in the Heart,
Pains in tho Back,
i ailing Health
Debility of Old Age,
Indigestion and Dyspepsia,
Heartburn and Sour Stomach,
"Weight and Tenderness in Stomach,
Loss, of Appetite,
Dizziness and Ringing in the Ears,
"Weakness of Extremities and
Impure and Impoverished Blood,
B01I3 and Carbuncles,
Scrofulous Swelling and Ulcers,
Consumption of tho Lungs,
Catarrh of tho Lungs,
Bronchitis and Chronic Cough,
Delicate and Scrofulous Children,
Summer Complaint of Infants.
All these and many other complaint3 cured by tbi3 wonderful Nervine Ton lc
As a cure for every class of Nervous Diseases, no remedy has been ablo
to compare with the Nervine Tonic, which is very pleasant and harmless in
all its effects upon the youngest child or the oldest and most delicate individ
ual. Nine-tenths of all the ailments to which the human family is heir, arc
dependent on nervous exhaustion and impaired digestion. "When there 13 an
insufficient supply of nervo food in tho blood, a general state of debility of
the brain, spinal marrow and nerves i3 tho result. Starved nerves, like,
starved muscles, become strong when the right kind of food is supplied, and
a thousand weaknesses and ailments disappear a3 tho nerves recover. As tho
nervous system must supply all tho power by which tho vital forces of tho
body are carried on, it i3 the first to suffer for want of perfect nutrition.
Ordinary food docs not contain a sufficient quantity of tho kind of nutriment
necessary to repair the wear our present mode of living and labor imposes
upon the nerves. For this reason it becomes necessary that a nerve food bo
supplied. This recent production of the South American Continent has been
found, by analysis, to contain the essential elements out of which nerve tissue
is formed. This accounts for its magic power to cure all forms of nervous
Babies are too highly prized to
permit them to suffer with colic, flat
ulence, etc, when Dr. Bull's Baby
Syrup will at once relieve them. 2-r
Failures as well as successes teach
lessons. He is wise who learns from
Ayer's Harsaparilla acts directly
and promptly, purifying and enrich
ing the blood, improving the appts
tite, strengthening the nerves, and
invigorating tho system. It is,thcre
fore in the truest sense, an alterative
medicine. Every invalid should
give it a trial.
A man that refuses to look at a cir
cus procession would actually want a
fairer plan than (ianter's magic
chicken cholera cure is sold on,
which is "no euro, 110 pay'' Sold by
W. II. Fleming.
Swellings in the neck and all other
! forms of scrofula, salt rheum, etc.,
I are cured ly Hood's Sarsapaill.i.
Cbawfordstole, Ikd., Aug. 20, 'SG. '
To the Great South American Medicine Co. :
Dear Gents: I desire to say to you that I
have Buffered for many years with s vory seri
ous disease ot the stomach and nerves. I tried
every medicine I could hear of but nothing
done me any appreciable good until I was ad
vised to try your Great South American Nervino
Tonic and Stomach and Liver Cure, and siuco
using several bottles of it I must say that 1 am
surprised at its wonderful powers to cure tho
6tomach and general nervous system. If every
one knew the value of this remedy as I do, you
would not be able to supply the demand.
J. A. llAHDEE,
Ex-Trcas. Montgomery Co,
Mr. Solomon Bond, a member of tho Society
cf Friends, of Darlington, Ind., says: "I hava
used twelve bottles of Tho Great South Amerfr
can Nervine Tonic and Stomach and Liver Cure
and I consider that every bottle did for me ono
hundred dollars worth of good, because I havo
not had a good night's sleep for twenty years
on account of irritation, pain, horrible dreams,
and general nervous prostration, which has
been cuused by chronic Indigestion and dys
pepsia of the stomach and by a broken down
condition of my nervous system. Hut now I can
lie down and sleep all night as sweetly as a baby,
and I fuel like a sound man. I do not think
there has ever been a medicine introduced into
this country which will at all compare with,
this Nervine Tonic as a euro for the stomach."
A SWORN CURE FOR ST. VITUS'S DANCE OR CHOREA.
Crawfordsvtllk, Ind., May 19, 1R86.
My daughter, twelve years old, had been af
flicted for several months with Chorea or St.
Vitus's Dance. She was reduced to a skeleton,
could not walk, could not talk, could not swal
low anything but milk. I had to handle her
like an infaut. Doctor and neighbors gave her
up. I commenced giving her the South Ameri
can Nervine Tonic; the effects were very sur
prising. In three days she was rid of the ner
vousness, and rapidly improved. Four bottles
cured her completely. I think the South
American Nervine tho grandest remedy ever
discovered, and would recommend it to every
one. Mas. W. S. Eksuixqeb,
State of Indiana, M .
Montgomery County, f
Subscribed and sworn to before mo this May
19, lbb7. tHAS.il. Travis, Notary l'ublic
Crawfordsville, Ind., June 22, 1SS7.
My daughter, eleven years old, was severely
afflicted with St. Vitus's Dance or Chorea. We
gave her three and one-half bottles of South
American Nervino and she is completely re
stored. I bellevo it will cure every case of St.
Vitus's Dance. I have kept it In my family for
two years, and am suro it is the greatest rem
edy in mewona lor innigcstion ana nyspep
sia, all forms of Nervous Disorders and Failing
Health from whatever cause.
John T. Mish.
State cf Indiana, ,
Montgomery County, ( '
Subscribed and sworn to beforo mo this Juno
22.18S7. Chas. W. Wright,
INDIGESTION AND DYSPEPSIA.
The Great South American Nervine Tonio
"Which we now offer you, is tho only absolutely unfailing remedy ever discov
ered for tho cure of Indigestion, Dyspepsia, and the vast train of symptoms
and horrors which are the result ot disease and debility of the human stom
ach. No person can afford to pass by this jewel of incalculable value who k;
nffectcd by disease of tho Stomach, because the experience and testimony of
thousands go to prove that th'13 is the one and onxy one great cure in tho
world for this universal destroyer. There is no case of unmalignant diseasa
of tho stomach which can resist tho wonderful curative powers of tho South
American Nervine Tonic.
ITaiTiet E. Hall, of Waynetown. Ind., says:
"I owe lny life to Tho Great South American
Nervine. I had been in bed for five months
from tho effects of nn exhausted Stomach, In
digestion, Nervous l'rostration and a general
shattered condition of my whole system. Had
given up all hopes of getting well. Had tried
three doctors with no relief. Tho first bottle of
tho Nervine Ton ie improved mo so much that I
was able to walk about, and a few bottles cured
me entirely. I believe it tho best medicine in
n-orid. I can not recommend it too highly."
Mrs. Ella A. Eratton, of New Ross, Indiana,
Fays: "Icnn not express how much I owe to the
Nervine Tonic. My system was completely
shattered, appetite goue, was coughing and
spitting up blood; am sure I was in the first
stages of consumption, at. inheritance handed
down through several generations. I began
taking the Nervine Tonio and continued its
use for about six months, and em entirely
cured. It is tho grandest remedy for nerves.
Stomach and lungs I havo ever seen.
RITCHEY & BOSTTCK,
Sole Wholesale and Retail Agents for Warren Comity
EEty BOTTLE WARRANTED.
Price, Large IS ounce Bottles, $1.!
J3. Trial Size, 13 cents,