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SOUTi i .KiN i .NDARD--M-M1NNVILLK. TENNESSEE. SATUR I .Y, DEC. 6 1890.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
One Year $1 00
Six Month 60
Three Months 2
The following agents are authorized to
receive and receipt fur subscriptions to the
P. G. POTTER Dibrell.Tenn.
GEO. W. PARKS Irving College, "
J. R. RAMSEY Viola, "
T. B. BILES Sparta, "
JNO. ARGO Morrison, "
W. A. MOORE Rock Island, "
We do not publish annonymous coramu
aications under any circumstances. The
real name of the author niUBt accompany
every communication, or else it will be con
signed to the waste basket. We do not pub'
lish the names of correspondents, but want
them simply as a guarantee ol goea laitn.
All calls on candidates, obituaries, triV
ates of respect, etc. are charged for as ad'
vertising matter. Simple announcements of
deaths, marriages, etc., win De pucnsnea
without charge, and our friends all over the
county will confer a favor by furnishing us
with such as soon after their occurence as
White (wsty lias two candidates
for Clerk of the House, and one for
sergeant-at-arms, Tenne&see Legista
Ilemmingway, the defaulting
treasurer of Mississippi, entered the
penitentiary of that State at Jackson,
last Monday, for a term of five years.
Wonder it the President has
heard the news from the late elec
tionsyct? His message reads just
like he hadn't found out yet that his
crowd is whipped.
Dick Halsev, the journalisti.
itinerant, is adrift again, having sev
ered his connection with the Win
chpstor Sentinel. There is no paste
On Dick he doesn't stick long any
Gov.-klkct Buchanan is attend
ing the national convention of the
Farmers' Alliance at Ocola, Fla.,
this week, and the days drag wearily
on for the hungry hunters of favors
at his disposal.
Senator Hoar brought up the
force bill in the Senate Tuesday. It
is.evident that the extremists are
going to try to push the measure
through in the face of the ukase of
the people. The Democrats will fight
it on every inch of ground, and its
passage is not assured by any means.
;jrho miners in tho Birmingham di
trict are on a strike, and ten thousand
men are idle. Many of the mines are
not being operated at all, while oth
ers are running with small force.
Negro miners are being employed to
take the places of the strikers as fast
as they can be procured.
Mu, Pre; 1 1 was re-elected to the
United States Senate by the General
Assembly ot Alabama last Friday,
after a long and warmly contested
battle. Again as in their gubernato
rial race, and us in the Georgia Si
torial contest, the Alliance colors
went down in defeat. The Alliance
members of the Alabama Legislature
made a hard fight to elect Commis
sioner Kolb, but the old rock-ribbed,
mossback Democracy triumphed.
Tiik Nashville Chattanooga & St
Louis Railway Co., will take charge
of the Western A Atlantic road, from
Chattanooga to Atlanta, under the
new lease, on the 27th of this month.
Two daily through passenger trains
each way will be run between Nash
ville and Atlanta. New coaches and
engines for the route have been un
der construction for several months,
and these through trains will furnish
the most elegant and comfortable
railroad service in the South.
Col. B. M. IIord, who has been
Commissioner of Agriculture for the
last four years under Gov. Taylor,
will lie an applicant for the same po
sition under Gov. Buchanan. Mr.
llord has done more than any other
Commissioner the State has ever had
to popularize the department over
which he presides with the farmers,
and if efficiency of the department
and its benefit to the farmers should
be considered, he would bo retained.
IIox. Tnos. G. Jonks, Alabama's
new Governor, was inaugurated last
Monday. A lanre portion of his in
augural address is devoted to the dis
cussion of amendments to the state
constitution, and a constitutional con
vention is suggested, lie forcibly
ets forth the state's need of it new
constitution. Tennessee is restricted
by a constitution made twenty year
ago, iinti there is a crying need of a
new one. II Uov. uuchanan win ne-
. . . . . ... .
vote tin "sail on" part of bis inaugu
mI mldress to it few strong recom
mendations on this point he may set
a bull in motion to arouse tne people
t notion in the matter.
Accokding to announcement in
our local columns we have adopted
the cas.h in advance system for sub
scriptions, and will adhere to it strict
ly for all time to come. Our losses
from delinquent subscribers during
the last eight years do not stop in
hundreds of dollars they run into
thousands. Three hundred dollars a
year for the eight years is a low esti
mate, and we doubt if this amount
will cover them. People who have
no experience in the newspaper busi
ness would be surprised to read a list
of the names of men who beat news
papers out of subscriptions. Men
who stand high in social, church, and
business circles are among the num
ber. There are lots of men, consid
ered good financially, who will take
a newspaper from the postoflice ev
ery week, year after year , and though
you may mall them statements every
month, they will never pay as long
as the paper continues. Some of them
will never pay at all, but others, if
the paper is discontinued,flndmg they
cannot get it without pay, will reluc
tantly settle old scores and pay in ad
vance. Some men are mean enough,
after the paper has been discontinued
for delinquency, to send in a subserip
tion for six or twelve months in ad
vance, and utterly ignore the old
debt. Many delinquent subscribers
would pay vtry willingly if the pub
lisher should present the account in
person, but no number of duns or
statements can induce them to trouble
themselves to remit by mail. The
only plan by which a publisher can
protect himself from loss, is to require
payment in advance from everybody,
and discontinue all papers at expira
tion of time paid for. This we shall
do in the future.
THE t RESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
He Stubbornly Waves the Tariff and
Force Bills Over the Republican
The President's annual message, as
read in both houses of Congress last
Monday, was a rather voluminous
document. It discussed a number of
topics, but we only have space for a
summary of the two heads of particu
lar interest :
THE TARIFF ACT.
The President then discusses the
tariff act. He says the act has only
partially gone into operation and its
permanent effects on trade and prices
are still largely conjectural. He says
it is curious to note that the advance
in prices of articles wholly unaffected
by the tariff act was by many hastily
ascribed to this cause. jNotice was
not taken of the fact that the general
tendency of the markets was upwards
from influences wholly apart from the
recent tariff legislation. The enlarge
ment of our currency by the silver
bill undoubtedly gave an upward
tendency to trade and had a marked
effect on prices : but this natural and
desired effect of the silver legislation
was by many erroneously attributed
tothetann act. No taritt bnl was
ever framed that, in all respects, had
the full approval even of a party cau
cus. The present law is no excep
tion, but in its general scope, it is be
lieved, will justify the support of
those who believe that American
legislation should conserve and de
tend American trade and tne wages
of American workmen. Misinforms
tion as to the terms of the act has
been widely disseminated at home
and abroad, but this will be corrected
in time. The criticisms of the bill
which come from foreign sources may
well be rejected for repugnancy. Our
policies are not adopted lor the hurt
of others, but to secure for ourselves
those advantages that fairly grow out
of our favored position as a Nation.
The President proceeds to argue that
we are under no disadvantage in any
foreign market except that we pay
our workmen better wages than are
paid elsewhere. He says the recipro
city clause in the tariff act effectually
opens a way to large reciprocal trade
in exchange for the free admission to
our ports of certain products. The
President thinks that the indications
thus far given are hopeful of a satis
factory and advantageous reciprocal
FF.DF.KA Ii ELECTION LAWS.
The President enters at some length
upon the subject of "free and honest
elections." He says there is a grow
ing demand for better election laws,
but against this sign of hope must be
set the fact that election laws are
sometimes cunningly contrived to se
cure minority control. He says: In
niv lat annual message I suggested
that the development of the existing
law providing a Federal supervision
of congressional elections offered an
effective method of reforming these
abuses. The need of such a law has
manifested itself in many parts of the
country, and its wholesome restraints
and penalties will be useful in all.
The constitutionality of such legisla
tion has been affirmed by the Su
preme Court. Its probable effective
ness is evinced by the character ot the
opposition that is made to it. It has
been denounced as if it were a new
exercise of Federal power and an in
vasion of the rights of the States.
Nothing could be further from the
truth. Congress has already fixed the
time for the election of members of
Congress. It has declared that votes
for members of Congress must be
by written or printed ballotj.it has
provided for the appointment by the
Circuit Courts in certain cases, and
upon the petition of a certain number
of citizens of election supervisors and
made it their duty to supervise the
registration of voters conducted by
State officers ; to challenge persons of
fering to register ; to personally in
spect and scrutinize the registry lists,
and to affix their names to the lists
for the purpose of identification and
the prevention of frauds ; to attend at
elections and remain with the boxes
until the votes are all cast and count
ed ; to attach to the registry lists and
election returns any statement touch
ing the accuracy and fairness of the
registry and election, and to take and
transmit to the Clerk of the House of
Representatives any evidence of the
fraudulent practices which may be
presented to them. The same law
provides for the appointment of
Deputy United State Marshals to at
tend at the polls, support the Super-
visors in the discharge of their duties
and to arrest persons violating the
election laws. The provisions of this
familiar title of the revised statutes
have been put into exercise by both
the great political parties, and in
the North as well as theSouth.by the
filing with the court of the petitions
required by law.
It is not, therefore, a question Of
whether we shall have a Federal elec
tion law, for we now have one, and
have had for nearly twenty years, but
whether we shall have an effective
law. The present law stops just short
of effectiveness, for it surrenders to
the local authorities all control over
the certification, which establishes a
prima facie right to a seat in the
House of Representatives. This de
fect should be cured. Equality of
representation and the purity of the
electors must be maintained, or ev
erytning tnat is valuable in our sys
tem of Government is lost. The
qualifications of an elector must be
sought in the law,not in the opinions,
prejudices, or fears of any class, how
ever powerful. The path of the elec
tor to tho ballot-box must be free
from ambush of fear and the entice
ments of fraud ; the count so true and
open that none shall gainsay it. Such
a law should be absolutely non-parti
san anu impartial, it should give
the advantage to honesty and the
control to majorities. Surely there ii
nothing sectional about this creed,
and if it shall happen that the penal
ties of laws intended to enforce these
rights, fall here and not there, it is
not because the law is sectional, but
because, happily, crime is local and
But it is said that this legislation
will revive race animosities and some
have even suggested that when the
peaceful methods of fraud are made
impossible they must be supplanted
by intimidation and violence.
irthe proposed law gives to any
qualified elector, by a hair's weight,
more than his equal influence, or de
tracts by so much from any other
qualified elector, it i3 fatally impeach
ed. But if the law is equal and the
animosities it is to evoke grow out of
the fact that some electors have been
accustomed to exercise the franchise
for others as well as for themselves,
then these animosities ought not to be
confessed without shame, and cannot
be given any weight in the discussion
without dishonor. No choice is left
to me but to enforce with vigor all
laws intended to secure to the citizen
his constitutional rights and to re
commend that the inadequacies of
such laws be promptly remedied. If
to promote with zeal and ready inter
est every project for the development
of its material interests, its rivers,
harbors, mines and factories and the
intelligence, peace and security under
the law of its communities and its
homes is not accepted as sufficient
friendliness to any State or section, I
cannot add connivance at election
practices that not only disturb local
results but rob the electors of other
State-; and sections of their most
priceless political rights.
Here and There.
If the official count in
is allowed to stand, the
Governor is elected.
Tlii interesting question now
Will the Knights of Labor and the
Farmers' Alliance combine?
If the news is correct that a blizzard
has developed in the Northwest, the
Indian troubles will subside.
If the Farmers' Alliance has any
thing to gain by going into a new
party in the Southern States, no one
has ever pointed it out.
WThen Governor-Elect Buchanan
returns from the third party conven-
No1 at Ocala, he may put In
of his time smashing slates.
At Washington it Is belived that
the worst of the Indian trouble is
over and the war like redskins will
quiet down without fighting.
At the caucus of the Democratic
Senators it was resolved to oppose
the passage of the Force Bill by
every legitimate and parliamentary
It is all well enough to fight the
banks in speeches and campaigns,
but if it was not for the banks a good
many farmers could not be members
of the Alliance.
The silver question may cut a fig
ure this session. Several bills and
resolutions looking to modifications
of and changes in tho present law
have been introduced already in the
If the Alliance leaders do resolve at
the conference now in session at
Ocala that tho Alliance is a third par
ty and intends to pose as such won't
it create a flutter among the candi
dates for place at the hands of the
Governor and the legislature.
The following subscriptions to the
Standard were received during the
month of November:
T.L. Andsnon, Corinth, Texas $2 00
T. J. Hunkins, Pine Bluff, Tenn 25
Bertlia Locke, Norman, 111 25
mT O t C . . m
- . o. uuriey, amiiru, ienn zo
"Henderson Durley, Smartt.Tenn 25
Mrs. Ida D. Durley, do do 25
'ino.L. Masu, do do 25
Houston Durley, Washington, D. C... 25
0. W. Ilavnes, Leeds, Tenn 1 00
P. If. Hankins, Dibrell, Tenn 25
J. M. Ilolman, Bowline Green. Kv.. .. 1 00
R. Dockstader, Cawker City, Kans 50
Asa Faulkner, Jr., Leeds, Tenn 1 00
Mrs. L. B. McCreary, Woodbury, Tenn. 1 00
I. R. Edge, Daylight, Tenn 25
A. J. Evans, Laurelburg, Tenn 1 00
II. E. Clement, Trenton, Iowa 1 00
J. A. Ross, Pikeville,Tenn 1 00
J. B. Rowland, Ennis, Texas 1 00
Mrs. L. B. Bradley, Rock Creek, 0 1 00
Miss Mary Park, Safley, Tenn 50
F.'B. Robinson, Savannah.JGa 1 00
J. C. Mariin, Nashville, Tenn 1 00
Miss Eva Rose, Pulaski, Tenn 50
O. D. Byars, Jessie, Tenn 50
W. II. Stubblefield, Thaxten, Tenn 50
Mrs. J. B Mason, Kennedy, Ky 50
I. C. Garretson, Viola, Tenn 1 00
W. T. Jones, Georgetown, Texas 1 00
II. B. Bonner. Viola, Tenn 50
J. W. Custer, Viola, Tenn 2 65
J.N. Lance, Devenport, Tenn 1 00
J. I. Anderson, Chattanooga, Tenn 1 00
J. L. Coppingcr, Irting College, Tenn. 25
W. II. Talley, Fendletonville, Texas... 1 00
Geo. D. Sherwiu, Fulton, 111 75
J. D. Elkins, Belton, Texas 1 00
A. B. Crain, Toone, Tenn 1 00
Miss Blanche Lewis, McMinuville.
Rev. J. Munro, do
J. P. Sniartt, do
A. C. Wheeler, do
S. L. Brown, do
Mrs. Myra Smith, do
W. R. Nunnelly, do
J. R. Belcher, do
If you have headache try Preston's
Dibrell, Tenn., Dec. 2, 1890. Mr.
Elijah Warford, from near Alexan
dria, and Mrs. Martha Potter, were
united in wedlock at the home of Mr.
James D. Evans, Monday Dec. 1st, at
4 o'clock p. m. Their many friends
kindly extend congratulations and
wish them many days of unalloyed
Sir. U. W. Womack shipped a car
load of mules to Alabama yesterday.
Dr. Doyle, from Mechanicsville,
called on us today.
II. 1$. Evans, from McMinnville,
was out yesterday evening attending
the wedding of his aunt.
Mr. P. II. Phillips started for Tex
Many of the farmers are packing
their pork this nice, dry, Irosty
For nain in the stomach, colic and
cholera morbus there is nothing bet
ter than Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera
and Diarrhoea Itemedy. For sale bv
Kitchey V: Dostick.
Cures in fifteen minutes ; Preston's
Subscribe for the Standard. $1.
liutilo to sudden and severe
ritmp, sere throat, lung fever, etc.
i''s, to le cll'emve. must be admin-
I : tr.1 without delay. Nothing Is better
miaptcd fur such emergencies than Ayer's
i lx-i-ry lvctimil. It soothes the inflamed
liicnii ii.iiK', promotes expectoration, relieves
roughing, and Induces sleep. The prompt USO
of tins medicine has saved innumerable lives,
both of young and old.
" One of my children had croup. The casa
was attended by our physician, and was sup
posed to he well under control. One night
I was startled by the child's hard breathing,
and on going to It found It
II had nearly ceased to breathe. Realizing
that the child's alarming condition had be
come possible hi spite ot the medicine It had
taken, 1 reasoned that such remedies would
he of no avail. Having a part ot a bottle of
Ayer's Cherry l'ectoral m the house, I gave
the child three doses, at short Intervals, and
anxiously waited results. From the moment
the Pectoral was given, the child's breathing
grew easier, and in a short time It was sleep
ing quietly and breathing naturally. The
child is alive mid well to-dnv, and I do not
h"silal to say Unit Ayer's Cherry Fectorat
s-ned Its life." C. .1. Wooldridge, Wortham.
ffr For cnliis, couiths, bronchitis, asthma,
I'ti'i tin' i-uiy st igi-s oi consumption, ukb
fei's Oltorry Pectoral
Ct CO., LoweU, jilaas.
fulil l i.il Dnpstn. Price $1 ; u bottles, 5.
THE HEW WEBST"
JUST PUBLISHED ENTIRELY HY.
The Authentic " L'nninlKP(i,' oonij risin.- th
i f lxf.4, '79 and 'Hi. corjrieliteci i", iv
f i ne unil'TFienert, is now ThoroiiLluy Ke
vifod and Enlarged, and hears the u... ol
Webster's International Dictioaary.
K'litorinl work upon this revision Ims been in
jirnji r's lor over 10 Years.
.Aot loss than One Hundred mid editorial
lulioiers liavo been engaged upon it.
inr.r jihmiu expended m its preparation
before the first copy was printed.
Critii-nl comnnrisnn with snv other Iietionnrv
i invited. GET THE 1IKST.
C. & C. MKRKIAM & CO., Publishers,
Springfield, Mnsn., I', H. A.
bold ty all Booksellers. Illustrated pamphletfree.
WHEN you go to Nashville be sure to
call on GRAY THE HATTER nnd
MENS' FURNISHER, and buy your Fall
Hat, Neckwear and Shirts, Socks, Gloves,
Suspenders, Underwear, and everything in
r ine i u.-nishing Goods. We nlso keep an
elegant stock of carriage and buggy Robes,
io fur and plush. lhe finest and largest
stock of Ladies' Furs in Nashville.
MR. A. M. ST. JOHN is still with us and
will be glad to see you and give you a hearty
welcome. Any ordrs sent him will he
promptly filled. Fit A Mi GRAY,
22G fi. Cherry St , Nashville,
JOHN T. WILSON & CO,, Prop's.
IIOT1TS AM IffidS
Stone 1 Cemetery Work,
Yard and Office on Spring Street,
LIME and EOCK.
LEFTWICE & MAREURY
will keep a full supply of fine Lime on hand
at their quarry on the Town Spring Bluff,
and will also furnish
ir.anv quantities. Orders for Rook Work
call kinds solicited, nnd satisfaction guar
anteed on every contract.
pz aajSjjigaay . ,Tjj
y Mantles. 4A
We kff pin our yard ' Jf 1