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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE. TENNESSEE. SATURDAY, DEC 6, 1890
Management of Run Down Farms.
Cor. Country Geutlcman.
There are several ways in which a
rundown-farm may be managed with
very small expense and a certainty
of profit; and so as to improve the
farm rather than still further to re
duce its fertility. The last object
must never be lost sight of, but when
a poor man buys ono of these farms
to make a home for his . family, " the
first that of running the farm with
little expense is almost as important.
Insomecasesa capitalist may buy
such farms as an investment and find
it quite profitable to expend a com
paratively large sum of money for
fertilizers, or to set it in fruit, or in
some other way. I wish, however,
to keep in mind in writing on this
subject the thought of poor men se
curing these farms and successfully
managing them, rather than rich
Three different plans, all of which
will require but little plowing, and
which will help to improve the con
dition of the farm, occur to me. One
is stocking the farm with dairy cows,
another with sheep, and a third with
poultry. On sbme larms all of these
could be carried on, and on any farm
poultry-raising can be combined with
either dairying or sheep-raising, and
it goes particularly well with dairy
ing, for milk and curds make valua
ble food for poultry.
Probably the average farmer looks
upon poultry-raising as a very small
business, and yet there is no doubt
that many a poor farm which, uuder
a system of skinning to grow wheat
and corn, is giving a very meagre
support, could be made to give a lib
eral one if stocked with poultry, and
as careful attention paid to the fowls
as good farmers give to their other
stock. I know one farm of fifty acres
that is run on businessprinciples,from
which for a series of years eggs and
poultry to the amount of more than
$3,000 a year was sold, and all the
food f r the poultry was produced on
the farm. This was in New England,
where prices will average, perhaps,
double what they are in Ohio; but
there are tens of thousands of men
who would think themselves on the
highway to fortune, if they could sell
$1,000 worth of produce yearly from
a farm much larger than this, and
would feel that they were doing well
to sell $500 worth.
It costs but little to stock a farm
with poultry, especially if one begins
on a moderate scale and raises most
of his breeding stoeK. suppose one
started four colonies of fifty hens
each, located two hundred yards
apart. They need not be confined to
yards, but each must have a small,
cheap house, which can be shut up
nights so as to secure them from
thieves and vermin. Uy locating the
fowls in this way, each will rang
over a different part of the farm
Next, a half dozen good turkeys, i
dozen or twenty ducks, and an equal
number of geese. Give all this stock
constant care and sell all the youn
as soon as they are marketable, so ns
to save the expense of keeping, am'
when you come to sum up the re
ceipts from eggs, broilers, ducklings
goslings and Thanksgiving turkeys
you will find a very respectable in
come. Your farm would also keep as
many cows or sheep, and produce as
much corn or potatoes as though no
fowls were kept; and if you have
tight floors under your roosts, and
take up the manure every week, you
can save enough in a year to ma
nure severalacres of wheat, so as to
insure a fine growth.
Suppose the farm, in addition to
tho poultry, would furnisli pasture
and hay for from six to ten cows
here would be not only another
source of income, but also of manure
and soon a few acres of the land best
suited to plowing could be made so
rich as to produce a heavy crop, and
corn or potatoes could be grown. The
farmer who cultivates but a few
acres can always have time to put it
in tho best order, and at the same
time to plant early, and can give con
stant and thorough cultivation, and
in not a few instances which have
come under my notice there have
been more bushels produced from
eight or ton acres managed in this
way than from more than double the
amount badly worked. With good
pasture and the spare skimmed milk-
very little grain would be required
to produce all the pig pork the family
would need, and as one gains expe
nonce and improves the farm, tho
number of pigs kept van be increased
and some income derived from tin
The idra that the owner of uth
farm must keep before him is that
few acres must be cultivated, and
these be made to produce a3 much as
possible. Be ever on the alert to
find out what can be sold in your
market, produce it and put it on the
market in an attractive form. If
you have some sheltered spot.a south
ern slope or bit of creek bottom, where
you can grow even a half acre of
sweet corn or potatoes so as to get it
into market early and catch the high
prices do it. If there is a demand
for plants sweet potato, cabbage,
celery, pepper, etc., be on hand to
supply it. Have your land suitable
for sweet potatoes. Grow an acre or
so of them. I rarely fail to sell $50
wortft from an acre, and have done
much better. By sprouting a barrel
of seed I can usually sell enough
plants to pay all expense and trouble
and have enough left to plant an
acre, and with a moderate coat of fine
manure, it does not take rich land to
grow a profitable crop of sweet pota
toes. In many localities the man who
wiil master the business and will
stick to It may make money from
fruit-growing on a farm so hilly as to
be unfit for grain-growing. I fre
quently pass such a farm on which a
man has been wonderfully successful.
He has hillsides, almost too steep to
drive over with a wagon, set in
grapes, raspberries and blackberries,
and his sales from these are often
more in a single year than the owners
of rich bottom-lands near him get
from their land in five years, and
although this man is twelve miles
from market and railroad he has
paid for his farm, nicely improved it,
and is laying up money.
It is not my design in this article
to go into details, but rather to sug
gest the possibilities of even poor
farms. I consider the man a public
benefactor who improves one of them
so that instead of being an eyesore it
becomes beautiful and profitable.
Waldo F. Brow .v.
If Your House is on Fire
You put water on the burning tim
bers, not on the8moke. And if you
have catarrh you should attack tho
disease in the blood,not in your nose.
lemove the impnre cause, and the
ocal effect subsides. To do this,
take Hood's Sarsaparilla, the great
blood purifier, which radically and
ermanently cures catarrh. It also
strengthens the nerves. Be sure to
get only Hood's.
Tho World's Grain Crop.
America is the country that pn
duces the world's Indian corn. North
and South America, Australia, Egypt
and India produce the wheat. At
Vienna is the International Grain
market. In August this association
published its estimate of the wheat
crop of the world for 1890. The crop
in Europe this year is good, being 80,
000,000 more than in 188!). It is also
good enough elsewhere, outside of the
United States and India, to add an
other 5,000,000 bushels to the 80,000,
000, making the crop of tho world,
except in tho two countries named,
85,000,000 above that of 1880.
But in the United States and India,
wheat production this year is 95,000,
000 bushels short of that of 1880, so
that the world's wheat crop of 18(J0
is less than that of last year by 10,000,
000 bushels. The Indian corn crop i3
also short in 1890 by ovei half a bil
lion bushels. The potato crop of
Ireland is a dismal failure, whieh will
make the demand lor grain all the
To offset these shortages there is
only the rye crop of Europe, which is
exceptionally good. The world's
wheat reserves will therefore be
heavily drawn upon until the ripen
ing of the wheat crop for 1891. Con
sequently all groin crops must bring
good prices for a year to come if not
manipulated out of their natural
A SEA-SIDE EPISODE
Fenelopa Meet With Defeat at the Hands
of Sister Dolores.
Scene A corner suite, second floor, in
the Great Big Bill Summer Ilotel.
Penelope elder sister to Doloros.
Dolores younger sister to Ponolope.
Time The hour for an afternoon nap.
That is to say any time aftor dinner
when the men are quietly enjoying their
Penelopo (undoing hor hair) It is
shameful perfectly shamofull One
might expect something hotter of one's
Doloros (toying nervously, like a his
torically desperate Greek maiden, with
a bunk of nougat) What is shameful?
Penelope Your actions with Jack
Dolores I do not know of any actions
of mine that are open to criticism, Miss
Penelope You danced seven dances
with him and walked out four others in
the moonlight Every one in the room
noticed it and you can imagine my feel
ings. As for mamma, I am glad she was
Dolores Well, you would have done
tho same thing if he had given you the
opportunity. I am not so awfully dull,
after all, and If you think you can
frighten me you are greatly mistaken.
Penelopo I would have done nothing
of tho kind, Miss Impertinence. Let
me toll you that I have too much sense
Dolores And too little sense of pro
prietorship. Oh! I know you. And I
know you a great doal hotter than you
think I do, my doar, dear sister.
Penelopo (grasping the end of a braid
with maddened fury between her teeth)
You do! Well, I warn you right horo
that Mr. Dashing and I are as good as
engaged. Before the season closes he
will havo ceased to notice you, except
it be to dance with you occasionally be
cause you are my sister.
Doloros (masticating tho nougat with
aristocratic imperturbability) Indeed!
Whatevidonco havo you of his affection?
Penelopo whv should I tell you? I
dofvt think it is your affair in any partis
Doloros (stoically Because you want
to hurt my feelings.
Penelopo Oh! do I? Well, just to
satisfy your curiosity (triumphantly)
last nigut lie kissed me. t)I courso no
ono saw it, so I can't prove it. But I
suppose you will believe mo, though I
do interfere with your flirtation.
Dolores That doosn't amount to any
renelopo Why not, pray?
Dolores Do you really want to know?
Penelopo (Incrodulously) Why, of
uoiores wen, last nignt no gavo
Penolopo (feverishly) What?
Dolores An engagement ring. Mun
sey s Weekly.
FALL AND WINTER DRY GOODS,
Dress Goods, Shoes, Motions, Sc.
Oiir New Fall Stock is now open and ready for the
trade, and is complete in every particular. We have
an unusually iargo and varied line of Dress Goods, in tho
atcst fabrics and in : i :j j 1 : i 1 shades, full stock
of Zeiglers's Shoes, and other popular makes for men,
women and children. Everything in Staple and Fancy
Dry Goods, Notions, Ready-made Clothing, Furnishing
Goods for ladies and gents, Hats, etc.
OUR GROCERY ROOM
Is now in charge of MR. WATSON CANTRELL,
who invites a call from all of his friends in this and ad
joining counties. This department will be kept fully
stocked with the best and freshest Family Groceries at
all times. Country Produce bought and sold.
W. C. & B. F. WOMACK,
Opposite Warren House McMINNVILLE, TENN.
The Cream of Them All! te
Revised and Enlarged.
1288 Pages, Nearly 1000 Illustrations, 6000
Some of the Good Points of the New Dixie
Rev. Dr. J. li. Hawthorne,
pastor First Baptist church, Atlanta,
Ga., was compelled to resign his pas
torate on account of chronic catarrh.
We are happy to say that he is en
tirely cured of this terrible disease,
not a symtom remains, and he is in
better health than he has been in
twenty-five years. King's Royal
Oermateur cured him.
Shiloh's Consumption Cure.
This is beyond question the most
successful Cough Medicine we have
ever sold, a few doses invariably cure
the worst cases of Cough, Croup, and
Bronchitis, while it's wouderful suc
cess m i ne cure 01 consumption is
without a parallel in the history of
medicine. Since its first discovery
it lias been sold on a guarantee, a
test which no other medicine can
stand. If you haven Cough wo ear
nestly ask you to try it. Trice 10
cent", "o cents, and j? I , If your
lungs are soro, Chest or Hack Lime,
ust Shiloh's Torus Planter. Sold by
W. II. Fleming. I.
Two physicians, named Blodsoe and
Curom, were residents of a Texas town.
and a8 is frequently the case, they wero
bitter rivals, and hated each other
rot many months ago a man by the
name of Robinson died. Mrs. Robin
son, a nervous, excitable little woman,
firmly believed that her husband had
boon buried olivo. In order to relievo
her mind, she repaired to tho office of
Bledsoe ono morning, as she wanted to
tell him of the many things which led
her to believe her husband had been
buried alive. Curem was the family
physician, but she did not go to him, for
tho reason that ho had pronounced hor
husband dead, and would ridicule any
thing to tho contrary.
'Dr. Bledsoe," she said, "I firmly be
lieve my husband has been buried ali vo."
"Who was tho physician in attendance
during his Illness?" said Bledsoe.
"Dr. Curem, eh? Well, madamo, if
he attended him you need havo no fur
thor apprehension as to your husband
being buried alive. Your husband was
undoubtedly dead when buried." Sitt
One Thing lie Was Able to Recall.
Lawyer (aftor persistent inquiry)-
You say you can not recall the mat-
Witness I can't, sir.
Lawyer Your recalling faculty isn't
very good, oh?
Witness Possibly not, sir.
Lawyer Is there any thing that you
mmess i can recau another occa
sion on whlcn I was questioned a great
deal by a lawyer who knew very littlo.
A Living Proof.
Young Mr. Freshly (conversing with
an elderly friond of the family) When
I see how we have things now electric
ity, telegraph, telephone and think
how people lived sixty years ago I can't
help thinking that our grandfathers
must have been fools.
Mr. Oldboy (obviously nettled)
wnen 1 see some or their grandchildren
I can't help thinking tho same. Boston
Tit For fat.
Miss asser Don t you think Miss
Springlove is a charming poetess?
Uncle Solomon Oh, yes, a very sweet
poetess, and lier cousin, Miss Chalmers,
is a charming paintercss, and her Aunt
Lucreco is an excellent sculptoress, and
hor mother used to be an excellent dish-
washeress, and "Life.
rections for every article n then
It contains (iHO pages more than Practical Ifeusekeer
It contiiiDN a bill of fare for every meal of the year.
bills of fare being given in recipes in this book.
It is lull of irHctical anil economical recipes.
It helps housekeepers who need to look after their expenditures.
It gives dir. ctions in every department of housekeeping.
It tells how to fjive dinners and refreshments for receptions an! parties.
It inako a ilolliir bring its full value in comforts and luxuries.
It tells everything worth knowing about washing and ironing.
It tells how to buy economically and with good judgment in the market.
It makes war n waste in every department of the household.
It tells how to cut up and cure all kinds of meats. The recipe for brine for corued
beef is worth the price of the book.
It tells young Imsbnmls Mow to carve game, poultry and meats.
It makes everything so plain that anv girl old enough to umlertnml English can cook
it bus a full department in regard to care of babies and children, with simple treatment
for simple ailments.
It is illustrated on nearly everv page, the illustrations helping to explain (hint's other
wise hard to understand.
It contains many new things not in any other cook hook. '
Its article on dress and dress making is practical, and will save readers ninny dollars.
Its mediciil department alone is worth the price of the book.
It gives remedies and treatment for every disease whieh is safe to treat with home
remedies. Its medical department is sale to follow nnd is free from nmiekerv.
It tells how to keep well and gives a full chapter to health hints.
It contains a variety of ways for preparing every article of food in every day use,
Sold Only by Subscription,
Active Agents Wanted
R. M. REAMS, Manager
Tennessee General Agency,
W. H. MOORE, IVi. D.
DRUGGIST i APOTHECARY,
Viola, Tenn ,
Keeps on hand a full stock of
Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals,
PAINTS, OILS, EXTRACTS, DYE STUFFS,
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES.
The Peoples National Bank of McMinnville
AUTHORIZED DEPOSITORY OF STATE FUNDS.
CAPITAL, - - 55,000.00.
r.iiKiiMi spavin ljimmcui removes
all Hun!, Soft or Calloused Lumps
ana niemisnes irom Horses, r.lood
Spavin, Curbs, Splints, King Hone
Sweeney, Stifles, Sprains, Sore and
Swollen Throat, Coughs, eet. Save
$"0 by use of one bottle. Warrant e
the most wonderful Ulemish Cure
ever known. Sold by Hitch ky A-
1 Uostick, Druggist.
I. F. MOKFOJU), S. L. COLYI f.LK.
.i.e. !;ii.i:s, .1. c. m. i:oss.
w: e. womack. .1. a. i:oss.
J. F. MOIIFOUL) "resident.
.1. C. ISILF.S Yic..- rrosidmt.
FRANK COf,YILI,F, (Vliipi.
C. M. MOltFOKO Abstain CHshier.
Does a (Jeneral Hanking Business, Deposits Solicited
KookKef ping, Shortlland. Penmanship, dr
nrtie jor laiutugue anu tin tn;ormition
ATTQN Business College