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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE-
JAN io, I891
Origin ol the Farmer'e Alliance.
Cor. Country Gentlemen.
Since tlie urbanization known us
the Fanner's Alliance has become so
general and successful throughout the
West ami South, in getting farmers to
co-operate for their rights and inter
ests in business and in politics, it
is not amiss to state the origin and
original purpose of the association.
All other branches of business hav
ing their associations for mutual bene
fit, why should not the farmers or?
ganizo for like protection and bene
fit ? In January, 1875, a call was is
sued by the Western New York
Farmer's Club for a meeting of the
farmers of Monroe county at Roches
ter, to organize a farmer's association.
Early in February following, such
meeting assembled and eftected an
organization, with constitution and
by-laws, to be known as the Farm
ers' Alliance. Its chief object was to
effect legislation in the interest of the
agriculturist, not by distinct party
action, but through each political par
ty to secure nomination and election
of candidates pledged to support such
just and equal laws as would bear on
the interests of agriculture, also to se
cure equal representation. of the farm
ing class in the legislature of the
This first organization embraced
only Monroe county and could be of
no general benefit. Hence, within
a short period we issued a call for a
meeting for a State organization at
Rochester, which brought together
representative farmers from other
parts of the State, and a State alliance
was organized on the model of the
county alliance, with recommenda
tion to form county alliances through
out the State. The officers of this al
liance were: President, Hon. F. P
. Root, of Monroe; vice-president, A
Huffman, of Chemung; secretary
and treasurer, A. A. Hopkins, of Ro
Chester. Tho first annual meeting
thereafter was held at Syracuse, N.
., when the urst alliance address
was given by the president. The ob
jects especially aimed at were (1) a
reform in assessment and taxation ;
(2) equal railroad freights to shippers,
and especially pro rata freights to all
way freightage, taking extra cost of
handling; (3) the enactment of laws
to authorize co-operative farm insur
ance, together with other reforms in
legislation, and to favor equal repre
sentation in the law-making power
of the State.
The second president elected was
Hon. Harris Lewis of Montgomery
county, representing the eastern por
tion of the State, and making the in
terest of the alliance extend through
out the State. This organization ex
tended to ether States, 'and in 1878 or
1879 a call was made for a national
meeting to be held at Chicago. At
that meeting a Monroe county (N. Y.)
tarmer. W. J. Fowler, who gave
special instructions in alliance work,
was elected president. From that
time onward the organization spread
throughout the West and South until
it has become an acknowledged pow
er in the political status of those
It has been claimed by some west
em writer that the Farmers Alliance
had its birth at Chicago, when Fowl
er wa3 elected president of the Na
tional Alliance, but this State organi
zation had been running some four or
more years prior to the Chicago
meeting. A. A. Hopkins gave name
to the organization, of which fact I
have personal knowledge, having
been a member of the committe with
Mr. Hopkins that reported name and
constitution for the association. What
may yet be the outcome of the organi
zation I will not augur, but I believe
its end is not far distant, as it has en
tered on dangerous ground and is ad
vocating impracticable measures. A
doss political party must be of short
duration. F. P. Root.
Monroe Co., N. Y., Dec. 11.
Bucklcn's Arnica Salve.
Tho Best Salve in the world for
(!uts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt
Rheum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chap
ped Hands, Chilblains, Corns, and all
Skin Eruptions, and positively cures
Piles, or no pay required. It is
guaranteed to give satisfaction, or
money reefunded. Price 2.r cpnts per
box. For sale by Ritchey & Bostick.
Architecture is one of the greatest
of the arts ; but none of its professors
has been ah'e to build that step at the
top of the flight for which your foot
reaclii's vainly when coming up
stairs in the dark. Puck.
If fails, money refunded; Prcf-ton's
IN THE ELECTRICAL WORLD.
Gallntin, Tenn., is to put in nn oleo
trio litfhtlnjr plant to be run by tho city.
An invalid's chair propollcd by elec
tricity is among tho groat novelties.
Tho battery is capable of propelling the
chair over an ordinary , road for nino
bours at tho r.Uo vt six miles an hour.
Tntorost in the proposed cable bo
twoen Australia and Vancouvor is on
tho increase. If laid, tho cablo will bo
0,000 'miles long, and will cost 8'.000,000,
on which tho liritlsh Government will
guarantoo a 3 por cent divldond.
Tho term electrical was first em
ployed in 1000 by Dr. Gilbert, to desig
nate the attraction which ambor and
other substances of its class exhibit
when rubbod and prosonted to light
bodios, such as bits of pith or paper.
Travelers who ascended Pike's Peak
during a snow storm report that thev
frequently passed through oloctrio
storms. Durinir the storm each snow-
flake as it tciV'he'd tho back of &
mule discharge! a spark, and clootrio
Bparks were discharged from tho finger
The mills in this section are quito
generally adopting tho now electric ap
pliance for quickly stopping engines and
water wheels in cose of accident Tho
pressing of any one of a number of but
tons distributed noar tho moving ma
chinery will shut down the entire mill
at once. ISoston Herald.
A leakage of, electricity at Dotroit,
Mich., recently, wns tho causo of a
laugbablo sight Tho current becamo
connected with tho iron steps of tho
Lyceum theater, and tho genu-flexions
of the people who passed over tho
step3 were as amusing to tho specta
tors as they were surprising to tho per
formers. An idea of the profits in electricity
is afforded by tho statement that tho
Thomson-Houston Company for tho first
nino months of tho fiscal year shows an
increaso of business over last year of
SSSfl.SOS. Its profits for this period
ovorexpenses were?l.C31,715,an increaso
of S0j6,4.")2. Tho company's net profits
for 1889 wero over S'2.50i,000.
The large proportion that the cost
of platinum bears to tho cost of incan
descent lamps is shown by the following
figures: It is estimated that during tho
year 1891 tbero will bo sold about 10,
000,000 lC-candle power lamp To man
ufacture theso lamps will requiro 125,
000 ounces of platinum, which will cost
about 2,000,000, which is one-third of
tho sum tho lamps will sell for. Tho
discoverer or inventor of somo substi
tute for platinum will mako a fortuno.
To find out tho amount of slack giv
en to electrical cables as deposited in
tho ocean at tho tirao of paying out,
Messrs. Siemens brothers aro usincr a
steel piano wire, raid out simultaneous
ly, with a tension sufiicient to make it
taut over sea-bottem. P.y mechanism
on board, which measures tho rate of
paying out cablo and wire tho necessary
slackness in tho cable can bo determin
ed and constantly verified, thus avoid
ing all unnecessary slackness, and sav
ing largo sums of money.
The enthusiasts who predict that
use 01 the electric trolley for towing
canal boats will once more make busi
ness lively on. the canals are a littlo too
fast They forget that tho fact that
prevented tho introduction of steam
canal boats was that tho wash of such
boats destroyed tho banks of tho canal
much more rapidly than boats towed in
the old way. So far the cablo appears
to be tho only practicable one of modern
methods for propelling the boats, and
this, while it works well for tho draw
ing of street cars, has not yet boen suf-
ficently developed to mako it commer
cially practicable for uso on canals.
There is now being perfected in lhi3
city an electric tricycle, which promises
great things. Tho tricycle is made pos
sible by a recently invented motor,
which weight for weight and bulk for
bulk is about twice as powerful as thoso
of the old models. Tho machine has
now reached a point where it can be run
for a distance of from fifty to sixty miles
without tho storage battery, which fur
nishes the current, being recharged.
Those interested confidently predict that
whon the machine is placed upon tho
market it will be provided with a bat
tery powerful enough to propel the ma
chine for a distance of at least one hun
dred miles. The tricycle will probably
bo offered to the public next spring.
A QUEER COMPANIONSHIP.
lliililj Mnkrs Herself cennry to the
Ilnpplnem of Olil Hrlndle.
"Hens aro funny crittors,"says an old
farmer, "and I have one on my place
tli at is about tho funniest of tho lot A
few months ago she took a most violent
liking for an old brindle 'cow of mine.
At first all she did was to go out to
pasture with the cow, but after a while
she began to jump on the cow's back.
For a long time the cow resented this
novel arrangement and indignantly
shook the hen off. Uutitdid not do any
good, tho hen hopped right on again,
until at last, in sheer despair, the cow
philosophically accepted the situation.
Sho was probably the more inclined to
do so when she discovered, as sho soon
did, that lliddy, as much as possible,
kept all insects from annoying her.' In
fact, she even went further than that;
for when she discovered that tho cow
would like to have her back scravched
she scratched it in a way to make tho
cow very happy. As a resultof this tho
cow soon began to enjoy tho companion'
ship of the hen; and now, when tho
hen gets off for a while to oat, old
Brindlo is evidently uneasy until sho
comes back agaia." Chicago Eveninj
Clergyman (making a call) "And
uo you always uo as your 11 amma
tells you, Flossie?" Flossie (em
phatically) "I do and so does pa
Subscribe for the Standakd, $1.
CARL DUNDER'S VOC3.
Ha It AruIh U10 Victim or u Stratum Se-
qurnca of MlMtithm. '
"Well, hcro havo you boen for the
last three months'.'" queried Sergeant '
l.tmlall yesterday '.asCnrl Pnnder softly .
opened tho door of tho WoodUrMgo stroot :
station about a foot and sauoesed '
through tho aperture. :
"Oh, I vhas keeping quiet. I liLi to
shpeak to you a few words to-day." ,
"Dor odder day a man comes py my j
place und drinks a glass of beer 11 nd j
plays mo a game of dominoes und says !
bis namo vhas Shon'YVhite. Dot makes 1
j . . . . 1 . ... .
no ueeiorenco 10 mo 11 no vnas fiiieorgo
Washington. Ho must pay mo shust so r
"vnen, no pays mo una seems into a
decent fellow, und pooty soon bo soys he
has a check on der bank und likes me to
go und say ho vhas Shon White."
"And you went?"
"Vhel'l, I like to oblige"
"And you identified him?"
"Vhell, vhen I knows he vhas Shon
White bow could I help it? Dot vhas a
bogus check for foeften dollar, und I
bav to pay it I doan' see how it vhas."
"Urn! Any thing more?"
"Somopody doan' play mo dot vhay
again. My eye teeth vhas cut awfully
queek. In two days a fellow comes
along mit a subscription paper. He says
he likes mo to put down a dollar for der
poor. I asked him for his name, und he
says he vbas Peter Davis. Sergeant,
you should seo mo knock him oafor dor
mWU of last Shuly."
"Yes, and you'll havo to pay for it.
Ho was at the polico court this morning
to get a warrant for you.''
"A warrant for mo! Put ho vhas a
"Oh, no, bo wasn't; ho was all right"
"Vhell, I might ash vhell shump into
dor rifer. How vbas I to tell aboudt
things? Nothings vhas two times alike."
"Vhell, you boo, a man comes
place mit a package und say vh
Dunder, 1 vhas. Hero vhas some
press from Chicago, und ho h
lect S2. Vhas dot all right, Sergeant?"
"Looks that way."
"Of courso she does, but after ho goes
avhay und I open dot package I findsomo
brickbats in it. ,llo vhas an awful
"Put you ought to havo spotted him."
"Oh, yes! Spots vhas all right! In
two days how vhas she? In shust two
days vhas you believe??"
"Vhell, some ouder mans como in mit
a package und says vhas my namo Carl
Dunder. Yes. Ho haf somo packago
for mo from Noo York, und I haf to pay
one dollar. Sergeant, I shumps on dot
man und knocks him so cold dot his own
uncle doan know bim und beliofs he
vhas a young man from Troy."
"Then you spotted him!"
. "Spots! Spots! Yes, I seo some spots!
Ho belongs by dor regular oxpress com
pany, und he vhas going to sue me for
tifo tousand dollars! Can you seo how
she vhas? One time it vhas all wrong,
und der next time it vhas all right,
Nopody vhas two times alike in dis
country, und I now bid you pood-bye."
"No matter. I vhas sixteen years in
dis country und all der time I vhas in
somo mistakes. I vhas now played out.
If you doan' seo mo somo moro times re
member dot I doan' mean to do it, but
der country was to blame. Detroit Free
Ills N-rve Not All Gone.
"What aro your symptoms?" asked tho
"Well. I feel weak."
"Exactly. (Ireat disinclination to do
"You've hit it exactly, doctor disin
clination to do any tiling, and that's
why I've como to seo you."
"Lucuy you cliun t put it oir any
loncer. l?ad taste in mouth mornings'.''"
"Can't seo across tho street"
"You. ought to have como hero before.
your nerves want strengthening imme
diately. ou ve actually no nervo
"No nervo left, you say?" With sud
den energy: "Doctor, lend me ten dol
When tho doctor came back from kick
ing the follow into tho street ho mut
tered: "Try to borrow money of me'
Well, be had a nerve." Tld-Bits.
Didn't Like the Pronpect.
"Is this a healthy neighborhood?"
asked tho poor tired littlo woman."
"Healthy!" exclaimed the landlord s
wife. "I guess it is. W by, when 1 came
hero I was run down just like you, and
now I do all tho housework for my hus
band and six children.
"Then I don't think we'll come."
"I too have a husband and six chil
dren." llarpor's l?azar.
A Discrepancy Somewhere.
Travers Look here, doctor, this med
icine hasn't done me a particle of good.
I've been taking it regularly once a day
now for a month.
Doctor Reaper Hut I told you to take
it three times a day.
Travers No, you didn't You told me
to take it after each meal. Jury.
Reasoning From Premise!.
She There's thaA horrid Mr. Gar
goyle. Havo you ever seen his wife?
Ho No; but sho's a blonde.
"How do you know?"'
"I was with tiargoyle half an hour
yesterday, ami he spoke admiringly of
every brunette who parsed." Life.
Is Life Worth Living.
Not if you go through the world :
dyspeptic. Dr. Acker's Dyspepsia
-iililets are a positive cure'f.r t;
Torst forrnsof IyspepM:i,Indigtstio'
Flatulency and Constipation, (in n
nnteed and sold hy V. H. Fleming. '.
as I Carl . , Vffi W
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r.'l !) y.jv'''',-!'.'''':' :?' ' r
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U f H ft.fi P j
' ' XVj j A P L f L.UvV.i
' '. v V"t '? ?7 At&'ij
v.- "v. V-,iv.j
d h est M h
:t Y' ;1' :K v
Mcr-s of all Liniments.
TO CURE FOR MAN:
Illietimatism, Sprains, Bruises, Swell
ings, Soreness, Stiffness, Sore Throat,
Y eak Hack, Cramps, Corns, Bunions,
v arts, insect Uites. IrostJiites. Tains.
A dies. 1'ains in the Back. Breast or
Mite, vomius, uuts, Hurts, utc.
FOR HORSES and STOCK:
Spavin. Snlint. Bintrbone.Wind Galls.
Scratches. Bruises, Strains, Swellings,
Swiney, Harness and Saddle-hurts,
Soreness, Stiffness, Knots, Lame Back,
fctnr joints, runs, tc.
SPURL0CK, NEAL & CO., Props.,
T.ast Tennessee, Virginia &. Georgia Ry.
NEW T1MK TO FLOKIDA.
3 fir.lly Trulni.
CIIATTA NO0:V TO ATLANTA.
N.. M. I.N 1. I No. 0. No. 8.
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11. a m
5 00 p.m.
111. 1 cop ni.
1 111. 1 6 45 pm.
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HniiT Hnlf fnrtiinfliftTPbnma(lpat
4M .urLeZ. .i.lf l'.-a. ami .lint. Honn. loleilo, Ohio.
WWfrtJt M.1tV -ni. Mhf r. an lviR n wll. Why
hiiine i-iini over rbini.iw
l 4 -r w 'Muitii. l imi cm do nifl worn ana nv
wf'3 itej ,"m' Ifi"' yt.u ire. Kvtn be
T7 j'V tf1'""' ''f' Mtninif from 9b U
Voti cuidu (lie work and H v
t,H' ,:n vnu 'Hn worlt M"(ttni
y V As "r n" 'i,ni nont y f work-
L i- A ri- I l1iin tinknuwn imonir thn.
I-.V Bi.ilwntKlfrful. Pirt.ru Ian IYm.
Il.Ilnii. n A i.
Ir-o. hPO I'urtlancI, Maine
Solo Fuwniture, Cabptt inn I'-nw
DEALERS EVERYWHERE. OR WILL BS t frrBf t.
sell Carpet Sweeper Co. Crano Rapiou, Mm.
PRICE $3 00
:! on' .JM
l 1 I I ll
: i u w mm
t-'4 ii 1 1 ijj u n u c. 1 1 Lain
r In j Mjlliili-- II II. I .nTin. .Ill llll
aftocoi. s;m&mmm v u , ai
BmM 3! Iv. 1PPI, ARKANSAS
. ; . .... v- vC
Thousands of dollars worth of
chickens are destroyed by Cholera
every year. It is more fatal to them
than all other diseases combined.
But the discovery of a liquid remedy
that positively destroys the Microbes
has been made. Half of the young
chickens are killed by Microbes
before they are fryers. A 50-ccnt
bottle is enough for 100 chickens.
It is guaranteed. If, after using
two-thirds of a bottle you are not
satisfied with it as a cure for Chol
era, return it to the druggist from
whom you purchased it, and he will
refund your money.
For Sale by W. II. FLEMIIIG.
FOR Til B
id SI. Lfi'j
CALL ON NEAREST TICKET
AGENT, Or Address
W. KNOX, rioket Agent, or
W. L. DANLEY, G. P. & T. Ag't,
K. t; ARSON. Aicent. MeMinnville. Tccn
( Printers' Ink;
a JOVKNAL FOX ADVEKTRERS.
jb lanrf VMklr, vA U ttl IfpmatUllT Jniul
faU ftidt wtyl iMUta alwrtlam. It
IbUataiMtta UasyRlMMt UnnU in, an,
jul Wn I AnU almUMt toUrtUu
f ait inlMac4 ; Ut u tlijUj m Ut Mnjajm
'm tat) a Mil amy Uaqat-k bet, iU
'wuim n im kh tw
ilKuAn. iiitttijlil U u ut yftrtlw Vy uf
tal ulmtoot y fc. eatiuMn X naT-;
OZ' m niniuM MUUili b aM
a u uprtaui it sr Uiu IraitHn yam l
luli UtwUiUi caxnew m way m u mm
ut wet nasanM Unrtten. A yatf-i rith
.toa tm W f lllaii:.l4U - rrta.!
f,f!lii CIO. f76VILl74 CO.1
1 NrMr.na Adrartkirva Bna,-
TIIO lirilit Young Men
for in iyHi'ii'K in tai'h
P. W. ZIEuLEU 4 Co.
THE HEW WEBSTER
JUST PUBLISHED ENTIRELY NEW.
TI10 Authentic " 1'imiirnii.fii,''
iw t IXM, anil M. f"; ii
l i!ih uivlrrsiL'npil. i- ii". !
viMti mid I On larked, rr !.' i.
Vector's Iax: :.;.
KiiiUii inl work ii.ii t..i-.. . '
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