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SOUTHERN STANDARD--Ai-MINNVILLJ', TENNI-SSK. TURDAV, JAN. 31,1891.
Valuo of Observation.
The lute Rev. Henry Wnnl Iieecher
once said that he never saw anybody
lo anything without watching to see
how it was done, us there whs no
knowing hut that sometime lie might
have to do it himself. This habit of
observation once served him in good
stead. "I was going," he says'aenws
a irairio when my horse began
to limp. Luckily, I came across a
blacksmith's shop, but the smith was
not at home. I asked the woman of
the house if she would allow me to
start a fire and make the shoe. She
said I might if I knew how. So I
started the fire and heated the shoe
red hot.and turned it to fit my horse's
foot, and pared the hoofs, and turned
the points of the nails out cunningly,
as I had seen the blacksmith do, so
that in driving into the hoof they
should not get into the quick, and I
shod the horse. At the next place I
went to I went straight to a smith
and told him to put the shoe on pro
perly. He looked at the horse's foot
at-d paid me the greatest compliment
I ever received in my life. He told me
if I put on that shoe, I had better fol
low blacksmithingall my life. Now,
I never should have known how to
do that if I had not looked on and
seen others do it."
Another writer in a contemporary
on the same subject says:
Every one should cultivate the
faculty of observation. If he does so
designedly, it will not be long before
he will do so unconsciously. It is
better to learn a thing by observation
than by experience, especially if it is
something to our detriment. One
would prefer to know which is the
mushroom by observation rather
than by experiment, fur the litter
might cost him his life. There is
hardly a vocation in which observa
tion is not of great service, and in
many it is absolutely essential. It
adds to the proficiency of the chemist.,
the naturalist, the mining expert.and
the bushman. Observation quickens
experiment. It leads to inference, to
deduction, to classification, and thus
theories are formulated, sciences es
tablished. An observing boy will
become an observing man, and, as
boy and man, he will have an advan
tage over those who have not culti
vated the faculty. He knows a thou
sand things that the unobservant boy
does not know. He does not get the
knowledge from books or from oth
ers, but acquires it for himself,
through the use of his eyes and ears,
and properly appreciates it for that
reason. A child may know more
than a philosopher about matters that
may not have come under the obser
vation of the philosopher. A little
girl entered the study of Mezerai, the
celebrated historian, and asked him
for a coal of fire. "But you haven't
brought a shovel," he said. "I don't
need any," was her reply. And then,
very much to his astonishment, she
filled her hand with ashes and put
the live coal on top. No doubt the
learned man knew that ashes were a
bad conductor of heat, but he had
never seen the fact verified in such a
practical manner. Galileo noticec
the swaying of a chandelier in a ca
thedral, and it suggested the pendu
lum to him. To another inventor
the power of steam and its applica-
tion was suggested by the tea kettle
on the stove. A poor monk discov'
ered gunpowder, and an optician's
boy the magnifying lens.
A Lost Tribe.
An extraordinary statement is
made in the New York World by F,
G. Carpenter, who states' that he
makes it on personal observation
Its significance will be appreciated
by all who have followed the discus'
sion as to the identity of the lost ten
tribes. He says:
"Thirty thousand out of the forty
thousand people of Jerusalem are He
brews, and the Israelites bid fair to
become the predominant people of
Palestine. The Turkish Government
which has for ages prohibited them
from living longer than three weeks
at a time in the Holy Land, is, under
the influence of the foreign govern
ments, relaxing its restrictions, and
at present they are coming here by
the hundreds. They are engaging in
business, and they now control
great part of the trade of Jerusalem
Some feel that the day when the
prophecy of the Ilible that they shal
again inhabit their land shall be ful
liiied, is at Jianu, and one curious
tribe from southern Arabia claims to
have received a revelation that they
.11. it 1 A I -m
musi leave ineir desert country and
come back to Palestine. They have
lived in Yemen, Arabia, for the pa
-oi)0 yeaxs. I In-1 1 arc of the tribe of
f 'a, and they left Palestine Too year
neiore i nnst was iorn. They are
bringing with them many valuable
d documents which prove tlndr
rigin, and nut a few of them are en
igfd in agriculture near Jerusalem.
h ilf century ago, there were only
irly-two Israelite families in all
rusalem, and the number in Pales-
ie was only 3000. Now there are
nearly fifty thousand 1n the Holy
nd, and three fourths of the popu
ition of Jerusalem is made up of
"The Converted Catholic."
This is the title of n monthly mag-
ne, issued in New York, by Rev.
mes A. O'Connor, once a Romish
priest, but now a Christian and a
nister of the Gospel, who devotes
mself to the emancipation of Ro
manists from the thraldom of the
With a faith born of God, Mr.
O'Connor has prosecuted his work in
the face of very great obstacles-
chief anions which, we fear, has
been the criminal indifference of Pro
testants, growing largely out of their
criminal ignorance of the teachings
and spirit and aims of the Papacy.
Nevertheless, his labors have been
gloriously successful, as is attested by
the number of priests as well as lay
men whom he has had the high
Honor of leading out of horrible bond-
ge into the liberty wherewith Christ
makes His people free.
As an adjunct of his work, Mr.
O'Connor publishes "The Converted
atholic," which gives the testimo
ies of recent converts from Rome
(fifteen hundred of which have al
ready been published) and tells of the
progress of evangelical truth among
Romanists everywhere, besides ex
posing the errors and practices and
inti American schemes of Popery.
The tone of the magazine, while its
laniruaire is nlain. and its hxhosmip nf
false doctrine and cunning maneu
vers very courageous, is not abusive,
hut indicates deepest pity for those
r, . . - i
who are held mercilessly in the bond
age of superstition and trickery, and
an intense, loving zeal for their de
The great question before the peo
ple of the United States, whether
Cni istians or otherwise, is not "Pro
tection or Free Trade," the "Force
Bill or Free Elections." but the
"Covert attempt of the Romish
Priesthood to strangle the liberty and
overthrow the republican institutions
of this country." This attempt is
the necessary outcome of the doc
tnnes of the Romish Church. Every
one who accepts those doctrines is
logically bound in conscience to
sanction and aid the conspiracy to
get control of our Republic, in order
to throttle its free worship, free
thought, free speech and free press
and make it a vassal of the Pope. To
defeat that conspiracy, it is absolute
ly necessary that, on the one hand
our people should be told what the
teachings of Rome are, and that, on
the other hand, the Gospel should be
preached to Romanists.
It is to this two-fold work that Mr
O'Connor is heroically devoting him
self. He statedly preaches the gos
pel, most clearly and winningly to a
congregation of his former co-relig,-
lonists, who hear him respectfully
and many of them gladly. He sends
converted priests and other men of
prominence to the several Protestant
Theological Seminaries, that they
may be prepared to minister anion
their people. And he sends out
monthly "The Converted Catholic,'1
which is always intensely interesting,
as well as invaluable to both Protest
ants and Catholics, and the income
from which goes to sustain Mr
O'Connor's great work.
We renew our hearty commends
tion of this magazine. Send $1 for i
year's subscription, to Rev. James
A. O'Connor, 72 Bible House, New
York, N. Y.
MR. AND MRS. BOWSER.
He Orders Groceries and Makes a Hit
Detroit Free Press.
Some groceries which I ordered the
other afternoon failed to come up in
time, and at supper we had bread in
place of biscuits.
"Cook run away ?" queried Mr
Bowser as he noticed the change.
"The baking powder didn't come
up," I replied.
"Did you order it V"
"Ye3, at '2 o'clock."
"And it is now f ! Mrs. Bowser,
there must be something very wrong
with your system of trading. If I
were ordering groceries I'd like to see
'em try any such game on nie!"
"We can get along for once."
"That isn't the question. You or
der groceries at two o'clock. They
are not here at six. This shows eith
er that the grocer doesn't care for
your trade or elso he is a liar in agree-
ng to send them up. I am afraid
they find you a very easy mark."
"I suppose you could do better," I
"Certainly. A woman can, per
iapj, buy gimcracks to better advan
tage than a man, but when it comes
down to solids she can't bo trusted."
"Very well ; you buy the groceries
for the next week. The cook will tell
you what is wanted."
"I'll do it, and I'll show you that
we will live a great deal better and
yet save $4 or f 5 a week. They can't
play any roots on me, Mrs. Bowser."
Next morning, before going away,
to went out to the cook and said :
"I'll send up the meat for dinner.
That's all, I suppose?"
"We want a few things beside, sir.
Put down salt, soap, pepper, tea, cin
namon, starch, sago, potatoes, vine
"What ! Haven't we got a blessed
thing in the house?"
"Lots o' things, sir, but there's
something wanting every day. You
can add a wash-board, a lamp chim
ney, some sapolio, a box of matches
"That will do!" interrupted Mr.
Bowser. "I can see that there has
been the grossest mismanagement in
this house. It's a wonder that we are
not on the way to the poor-house."
"Well, if you don't get 'em we
won't have 'em," said the cook, and
with that bit of natural philosophy
sho turned away to wash her dishes.
Some meat came up and was pre
pared for dinnpr. When Mr. Bowser
came home he inquired :
"What have you been paying for
"About thirteen cents."
"Ha! I suspected it from the way
the butcher acted. He has been
swindling you at the rate of six cents
"Fact. I sent up a piece at six
cents jter pound."
When we got seated at tho table he
looked about and remarked that the
cook had forgotten to put on the pota
"You didn't send up any," I re
"Nothing came but meat."
"By the great two-humped camel,
He suddenly felt in his vest pocket,
and there was the list of groceries!
With that he took up the carving
knife and fork and began to carve
the meat. It didn't carve. He bore
down and sawed away, and finally
laid his knife down and said :
"Mrs. Bowser, is this a piece of rhi
noceros or beef?"
"It's a neck piece of beef, Mr. Bow
ser. When I buy 'em for mince pies
I boil the meat about two days. You
sent it for a roast, and the cook roast
He turned very white and kicked
the cat from under the table, and our
dinner was a slim and unpleasant
one. After getting on his hat and
overcoat he went out to see the
cook, and as he appeared in the
kitchen door she said :
"There's no butter for supper,and I
want you to send up some tomatoes
for soup, two iron spoons, a package
of stove polish, some silver soap, all
spice, oyster crackers and bluing
Here's a list."
"Do you pretend to say we want all
those things !" he demanded.
"'Yes, and many more! I never
worked in a place before where I hac
so little to do with. If you'll send up
a man and an axe I'll have that beef
cut up cold for supper !"
I could hear Mr. Bowser breathing
30 feet distant, and one of his shoe
strings broke with a loud snap, but
he went out of the house without ex
ploding. In the afternoon the things
came up all but the tea and butter
At supper time the cook made coffee
Mr. Bowser noticed it as we sat
down, and snuffing the aroma he re
"Doesn't your girl know the differ
ence between breakfast and supper?
And where on earth is the butter?'
"You didn't send up either tea or
"What! Mrs. Bowser, do you
imagine I've gone crazy ?"
"Well, they didn't come up."
"They didn't, eh? Let, me get to
that telephone and I'll give that in
fernal groceryman something to think
of for the next hundred years !"
I don't know what the grocer sak
to him but Mr. Bowser danced up
and down ail sent him to Jerico
Jersey City anil lots of other places
and wound up by saying that he'd
go to the Cape of !ood 1 lope before
he'd ever buy another thing there
That night I found the list of articles
in his pocket. lie had checked off as
he ordered, and had left the tea am
butter out. Next morning before he
went down town he said to the cook :
"I'll send up a chicken to be baked
At 11 o'clock no chicken having ap
eared, she fried some bacon for din
ner. Mr. Bowser didn't know it un-
il he sat down. Then he took one
ook at the bacon and arose
walked out into the kitchen
"Is this my house or yours?
"What oflt?" asked the cook.
"Didn't I say I'd send up chicken?"
"And it was to be stuffed ?"
"Then why didn't you do it?"
"Where is the chicken, sir?"
"Where? Gone to the cat, prob
ably! I ordered it at 8 o'clock!"
"It didn't come."
"It didn't. Let me get to that tele
phone ! No ! I'll go down and wipe
the face of the earth with that butch
er's carcase i"
I tried to hold him, but he broke
away and went off. He came back
n about an hour with his coat torn
up the back, his nose skinned, a
bump on his forehead and one eye
shut up. I didn't que-tion him, but
I learned from others that the butcher
got the better of him. He hadn't
ordered any chicken. He meant to;
but he never even got off the car.
That evening after I had bound the
third piece of raw beef on his eye and
had glycerine I his nose fyr the fifth
time he suddenly observed :
"I am satisfied that I could run
this house just 40 times better than
uiy woman on earth, and save dol
lars where you save shillings, but
I've got too much on my mind as it
is and you can go ahead with your
extravagant and disastrous career.
A Sacred Vehicle Known an the Largest of
Its Kind in the World.
Juggernaut is variously pronounced as
Jagfjernath, Jiimerguth and Jagannatlia,
tho last being tbe Sanscrit and probaldo
root of tho many words of tho samo gen
eral construction, all of which 6ignify
"Lord of tho World;" really ono of the
names of Vishnu, tho second god of
tho Hindoo triad. Juggernaut, besides
being tho namo of tho idol representing
v ishnu, is also tho namo of a town or
city in the Province Orissa in Bengal,
British India, the city having taken its
name from Juggernaut's car and idol
enshrined withjn its walls. The ground
upon which the town is built is consid
ered holy, and is held by the communi
ty as common property, no tribute be
ing exacted from any residont, other
than that he perform certain rites in
and about the templo, thus proving
Himself a Hindoo and believer in Vish
nu in his manifold forms. The city
or Juggornaut has about 50,000 in
habitants, but as there is a religious
festival held there once every month,
the population constantly, within its
borders falls but little short of 150,000.
The principal streets of the city run
north and south for two and threo
fourths miles both sides being formed
by an almost unbroken line of Ilindoo
temples, all of which are overshadowed
by tbe great Temple of Juggornaut,
which stands at the southern extremity
of the main street. The "great templo
rises to a height of nearly 300 feet and
is surmounted by a bronze-covered dome,
the point of which reaches 100 feet
higher. The wall which surrounds this
gigantic pagoda is a square with sides
650 feet in length; it is 18 feet thick at
the bottom and nearly 40 feet high. Be
sides the great pagoda in honor of Jug
gernaut, the enclosure contains temples
and idols dedicated to doeons of the
other Ilindoo deities. All of the idols
are monstrous in design and frightful
looking in appearance. That to Krishna
(another name for Juggornaut) is paint
ed blue and has a faco hideous in the
Besides Krishna or Juggernaut, .two
otbers of the idols are provided with im
mense cars or chariots. The carof Jug
gernaut is thought to be the largest
wheolod vehicle that has yet boen made
in tho world. It is 344 feet square at
the base and 4? feet in height, mount
ed on 16 wheels, each C feet in diamo
ter. Once each year, at the great an
nual March festival, Juggernaut, mount
ed on the apox of his stately oar, is tak
en to a house about i miles in tho
country, where a female' imago is sup
posed to be waiting to become his bride.
The removal of the chariot from the
shrine to the country house being a pro
ceeding holy in the extreme, no ani
mals are used for drawing the chariot,
men, women and children only boing
permitted to perform such righteous
services. On this occasion either five or
soven long ropes are attachod ' to tho
front of the car, tho middlo one having
been twisted from hair cut from tho
heads of female devotees. It was long
a cherished belief in Christian coun
tries that many pilgrims sacrificed them
selves upon these gala days, by falling
prono before tho car and allowing tho
ponderous wheels to pass over their
bodies. It is probable that tho accounts
of thoso self-sacrifices havo been too
highly colored, and that the groat loss
oi ino upon sucn occasions, wnen thou
sands of frantic devotees are conjjre
gated together, comes moro from acci
dent than from a desiro to start for
Heaven from directly underneath tho
wheels of tho holy car. St. Louis Bo
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W.T. FiTZGER&LD, AIJS.Y
WASm.M.TOAJ, 1. c.
m.pnor hook I'KF.F..
9 (1000. mi a Tir . brlnprint'V by Jotin R.
lioodwiii,lroy,N.V.,at notk fur ua. Keadtr.
yoa may not make aa much, but wc ran
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