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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE. TENNESSEE.-;..
FEB, 21, I89i
Mr. S. McRamsoy, the most suc
cessful wheat grower in Warren
County, In Bending the following clip
ping for our Agricultural DeparN
ment, writes the Standard the foN
lowing explanatory note:
To the Standard.
Mr. Stahl's communication may
appear a little out of season. My ob
ject in having It published now Is in
order that threshermen's attention
may be called to the Importance of
attaching stackers to their machines
in time for the coming harvest.
Wheat culture in our county has
reached a point demanding the best
equipped outfits for threshing. I am
willing (all else being equal) to give
the party who will bring a stacker
and automatic grain measure wjth
his machine to my place the coming
harvest, the preference over others in
future harvest. Doubtless others
will do the same. S. McRamsey.
Cor. Country Gentleman.
It is a rare sight now in Illinois, or
in the States similar to it in agricult
ural conditions.to see a grain thresher
driven by horse power. The large
threshers operated by steam, and cap
able of a large amount of work com
pared with the horse power outfits,
are generally used. Yet we are push
ed as hard for time and labor in
threshing season as we ever were.
For a time we were pushed even
harder; for the steam threshers re
quired an increased force, and at the
same time they popularized thresh
ing from the shock. The pressure
has been reduced to about the old
gauge by the circular straw stacker
a very long straw carrier that U re
volved in a semi-circle, thus deposit
ing the straw on all parts of the
stuck. Only stackers are employed;
the long row of pitchers formerly
.seen, whose hard task it was to pitch
the straw from one to another to
bring it within reach of the stackers,
is no longer needed. This is a great
saving indeed of almost one-half
the force required; and the straw
stack formerly offered the hardest
positions, so much disliked that even
extra wages failed to secure sufficient
hands. I would not employ a thresh
ing outfit that did not include a straw
stacker. The straw is handled Wetter
and with less waste. The semi-circu
lar form of the stack is no objection;
11 can do so situateu as to mane a
splendid protection from winter
winds and storms, and the demand
is yet greater than the supply of sta
bles. The chaff is distributed through
out the stack, and not a large part of
it left in a heap, as it was formerly.
Thresning irom the stack grows
steadily in popularity. It is by long
odds the most economical when it
can be done in good season. The use
of steam jiower in threshing, leaving
the horses available for drawing the
grain from the field to the machine,
and the use of straw stackers and au
toraatic grain measures, which re
duce the amount of human labor re
quired, have made it possible to
thresh much more grain from the
shock in good season. Half the labor
of handling the grain is saved; the
possibilities of the grain being dam
aged in stack are avoided, the thresh
ing does not continually confront one
while he is preparing ground for
wheat or cutting ensilage or fodder.
Not so very long ago we supposed
that small grain had to "sweat," and
mat it we inresneu oeiore the grain
passed through a sweat in the stack
we must spread it out on floors, and
shovel it around to prevents its
damaging. We know better now
If the grain is dry when threshed it
may be stored as usual, no moving it
about is necessary, and it will go on
the market in as good condition and
sell as readily and for as high a price
as grain that has been stacked or
Grain should never be threshed
while damp. Of course the owners
of the threshing outfit will grumble
at the idleness of the machine, and
urge that there will bo no loss from
beginning operations. Very like
neighbors, who are waiting lor the
outfit, will also urge that the thresh
ing proceed. But in justice to him
self the reader should see that there
is no threshing done until the grain
is in good condition. When damp
no machine will remove it all from
the straw. It is very easy to throw
away $2." to $"0 in grain in this way
the grain saved goes into the bin in
ronumon mat it must he .stirred or
handled, Hse it will be damaged; am
tne damp straw will spoil in tli
This brings me t: the saying
what ha luroiiie trite, but ' it sti
Threshing and Straw Stacking..
to Manage the Grain Bins.
needs to be said often until there is a
decided reform save the straw care
fully. Three pounds of oat straw
have a potential feeding value equal
to two pounds of average meadow
hay. The value of wheat or rye
straw per pound is but little less. For
some years yet in the Ohio and Miss-
dsippi valleys the bulk of the straw
will be stored out-oMoors, and con
sidering the relative prices of feed
and of lumber and labor, stacking Is
probably the most economical. The
oss In a well-built stack is not great.
But unfortunately a majority of the
so-called straw stacks are unworthy
of the name. They are only straw
piles, and their contents are sadly
damaged. The very best hands
should be put to stacking. Two very
serious faults are common: The stack
is made too wide, and the middle is
not kept so high as It should be. A
stack always spreads ; the straw will
slip out somewhat in spite of all that
can bo done. If started asj wide as it
should be it will grow too wide, and
then either the bulge. must be sacri
ficed or it must be drawn in too fast.
n either case the result Is a poor
stack. The middle always sinks the
most as the stack settles, for there is
the greatest weignt upon it. If it is
not kept high and well tramped, it
will be lower when the stack has set
tled and the rain will be carried into
nstead of off the stack.
To get a good stack it will be nec
essary for the farmer to oversee close-
y its building; and he will make big
wages by having to do, while the
threshing is going ou, nothing more
ban to oversee the work. If he does
the overseeing properly he will be
kept very busy, and he will save
waste and have work better done.
The pins should be prepared for the
grain beforehand. I have not had
the least trouble with weevil or any
other granary pest since I adopted
this plan: A week or ten days before
threshing, the empty bins are swept
clean and scrubbed, sides as well as
bottoms, with strong brine at the
boiling point. I am careful to get
this into all crevices and corners.
When it has dried, the bins are white
washed into nooks and cracks. The
rough of the whitewash is rubbed off
just before the grain is put in. Grain
should not remain longer than a year
n a bin. If held over, change it to
another bin. My bins are made of
seasoned white-oak lumber, and I
find that the mice do not gnaw
tnrougn them, l Keep at least one
cat about the granary, that is not al
lowed to remain about the house, and
that is supplied with milk only. I
very rarely see mice about the gran
ary, but as Tom keeps fat and sleek,
suppose he makes their acquain
tance before I do.
In locating the threshing place, we
must take into consideration.- the
probable accumulation of manure.
Many make a pretense of feeding the
straw by allowing the animals to run
to the stack. Some straw is eaten,
while more is trampled under foot
This may be excused on the ground
that these is greater need or manure
than of feed. A plan that under ex
lstiug conditions in this territory is
commendable, is to fence the stack
from the animals and feed the straw
from managers made near the stack,
that the labor of filling the mangers
may be reduced to the minimum. The
mangers may be made of poles,
notched where one rests upon anoth
er, to prevent roiling, ana the upper
courses pinned down. Even when
tne straw is so led there win be an
accumulation of manure near the
stack. Hence we should select a lev
el spot for the threshing place, that
the manure may not be leached, as i
will if the ground is inclined.
, In many localities it is trte . custom
to serve threshermen with very elab
orate meals, prepared by much house
hold labor. This . makes . threshing
time the dread of the housewife, who
feels herself compelled to keep , for
hours over the stove, cooking fowl
pies, cakes, etc. This is a foolish in
justice to the women all the greater
because the threshermen cannot
properly appreciate the women's ef
forts. . A succession of hot fowl when
the thermometer in the shade stands
near the hundred point, of warm
dishes of vegetables, of pies and cakes
and coffee, is not near so palatable or
wholesome as a meal of cold meats
plain dishes and cool milk. I sincere
ly hope that every man who reads
this will talk the matter over with
his better-half, and that there will re
sult a determination to ignore this
custom, that would be more honored
in the breach than in the observance
nnd to serve the threshermen with
plain, every-ch y dishes, well prcparei
and abundant, but not evidencing the
transformation of the househoh
queen into an overworked household
drudge. .lonx M. St.mii..
Adams Co., 111., July !.
"Wealth of the Soil.
Prof. I. P. Roberts is reported to
have stated at a Farmers' Institute in
astern New York, that one acre of
the soil, going down one foot deep,
contained 2,700 tons in the 40,000
cubic feet or more of the soil, or about
24 pounds to the cubic foot. This
quantity of earth contains 4,000
pounds of phosphoric acid, 8,000
pounds of potash and 16,000 pounds of
nitrogen. These ingredients, pur
chased at the present market prices,
would cost 4 cents a pound for the
potash, 7 cents for the phosphoric acid
and 16 cents for the nitrogen, making
for the three Ingredients $2,600 an
acre. Hence the importance of
adopting such a course or rotation in
cultivation as will not exhaust these
ngredients, but keep them there,
and which will increase the fertility
of the land without exhausting it.
We could not afford to purchase and
apply the above quantities in the
form of fertilizers.
Make Glad Hearts That Are Sad.
The youth of both sexes that find
themselves in a state of ill health at
that interesting period when they
reach manhood aud womanhood,
should not let themselves despond.
Away with gloomy melancholy!
Life is before you, and with proper
treatment and care perfect health
will be your portion. A perfect man!
A perfect wroman! The noblest work
of God 1 Keep clear of quack doctors
and their pernicious medical litera
ture. They seek to rob you of your
purse and to' gain this end would
frighten the very life out of you.
All you need at this time of life is an
occasional use of that excellent
strengthening medicine invented by
that eminent physician Dr. John
Bull of Louisville, Ky., called Dr.
John Bull's Sarsaparilla. It is a
complete regulator of every organic
function, giving health and power to
every part, and assuring perfect self
control. How glad hearts that are
sad will be when they know this.
A majority of the railroad compa
nies of the country are doing away'
with the old system of advertising by
means of posters, card3 and other
such means, and are advertising
more heavily in newspapers than
ever before, several companies
have tried the experiment, and are
well satisfied with the results of
newspaper advertising. Several of
the large railroad corporation of the
country will confine their advertis
ing business for the present year to
newspapers. Saginaw (Mich.) Her
A Scrap of Paper Sayes Her Life.
It was just an ordinary scrap of
wrapping paper, but it saved her life.
bhe was in the last stages of con
sumption, told by physicians that she
was incurable and could live only a
short time; she weighed less than
seventy pounds. . On a piece of wrap
ng paper she read ot Dr. King's
ew Discovery, and got a sample
bottle; it helped her, she bought a
large bottle, it helped her more, she
bought another and grew better fast,
continued to use it and is now strong,
healthy, rosy, plump, weighing 140
pounds. For fuller particulars send
stamp to W. II. Cole, druggist, For
Smith. Trial bottles of this wonder
ful Discovery Free at Ititchey & Bos
tick's Drug store. 4
It is not possible for ns to live al
ways in the early morning. Spring
blossoms into summer, and Bummer
flows into autumn which, in its turn,
is lost in the death of winter ; and
the gladdest day that ever broke
must of necessity end in night. But
we can delay somewhat, and utilise
always. It rests with ourselves how
much enjoyment we get out of life,
and how much work we do between
dawn and dark. If we take advan
tage of the first beginnings and live
with the sun, we expand and garner
by just so much more.
Many women find great difficulty
in arranging their hair becomingly
because of its harsh and coarse text
ure. By the use of Ayer's Hair Vig
or, the hair becomes soft, pliant, and
glossy. The Vigor is the most clean
ly of all hair preparations.
Every mother knows, though
many heed not the fact, that unless
she transfers some household duties
to the daughter, she encourages her
child to grow up in sloth and igno
ranee. An English proverb thus
utters the warning : "A light-heeled
mother makes a heavy-heeled daugh
In a nursery wherein nil is life and
laugh instead of erying and fretting,
there is sure to be found Dr. Bull's
Baby Syrup. Price only -" cents.
AY it rali fir. I V rs n 1 1 a
Ami thn-s tmuMcil with n.'rvtvisnrs res::ltin
from cure or overwork w iil le lelivV'j ! ly taking
Jiritirit's Iron Hitfrrs. (:,rii;c.i
Las tta 1c i. .a:'.. . '. :. -j i .::i..nni''r.
i fc; r DO
ONCE A WEEK!
Other daya woehth
SPONGE AF3D WATER.K
EVERY Counting Roorn
EVERY Carriage Owrjer
EVERY Thrifty Mechanic
EVERY Body able to hold a brush
Will tain Ol 4 Niw fwimiTuiu
Witt Stain Ouh anoChinawari
Will Stain Tihwamc
Will Stain tour Old lAsHcra
Will Stain avCoom
WOLFF RANDOLPH, Philadelphia.
lipatlqimruTts, at whole
sale prices. All ptxxU
giiurunU'od. No money
asked until Instrument's
arc received nnd fully
tested. Write us before
pmvluiRlnt. An invest
mentof 2cts.maytiaveyouniuny ilullunt. Address
Jesse French Piano Organ Co.,
King of all Liniments.
TO CURE FOR MAN:
Rheumatism. Strains. "Rriiiq Rwrll.
ings, Soreness, Stiffness, Sore Throat,
iicuauaui, viaLupa, uriis, .D unions,
Warts. InsRrk Titp TVnsMlitpq Vnina
Aches, Pains in the Back, Breast or
siue, wounds, uuts, nuns, JStc.
FOR HORSES and STOCK:
Snavin. Snlint. Itincbone.'Wind frails.
Scratches, Bruises, Strains, Swellings,
Swiney, Harness and Saddle-hurts.
Soreness, Stiffness, Knots, Lame Back,
Still Joints, Tuffs, Etc.
SPURL0CK, NEAL & CO., Prjps.,
Thousands of dollars worth of
chickens are destroyed by Cholera
every year. It is more fatal to them
than all other diseases combined.
But the discovery of a liquid remedy
that positively destroys the Microbes
has been made. Half of the young
chickens are killed by Microbes
before they are fryers. A 50-cent
bottle is enough for 100 chickens.
It is guaranteed. If, after using
two-thirds of a bottle you are not
satisfied with it as a cure for Chol
era, return it to the druggist from
whom you purchased it, and he will
refund your money.
Fcr Salo by 77. II. FLEMING.
n r r'- n-.li.v1'""!) TT'tf ht
!.. 1 Am.li IVC ', Am. tin,
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I. Ii... j. Ill I llUlIIIHll! Mill I u Ml. !..- I .1 H.H
SO U T H
CALL ON NEAREST TICKET
AGENT, Or Address
W.W. KNOX, TIeket Agent, or
W. L. DANLEY, G. P. & T. Ag't,
D. B. CARSON, Agent. McMinnville.Tenn
East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Ry.
NEW TIME TO FLORIDA.
3 Dally Trtlnt.
CHATTANOOGA TO ATLANTA.
Lv. Union Station, ii.oop.m. 11.55 P-n. 7.10 ft. m. 5.00 p.m.
Lv. Onuol Station. 11.15 p m. 1.05p.m. ;.,. m
Ar, Dalton 11.4) a.m. t. 30p.m. a.TO. 7.36p.m.
Ar. ROME 1.05 a.m. 5.50p m. 11.05 a m. 8.50p.m.
Ar. ATLANTA . . 5 15 i ra. 6.45p.m. 1. 10 p.m
Lv. Atlanta .... 5 ) a.m. 7.00 p m
Ar. Maron . . . . 8 50 a.m. 10.90 p.m
Ar.JESUP. . . . Mip.m. 3.50am
(S. r. it W. By.)
Lv. T-tup s-5ip.m. 4.00 a.m
Ar. WaYCROSS . . 4.p.m. 5.151m
Ar. lACK'VILLE . 7 .15p.m. .y a m.
(E. T. V. A: C. Ry.)
I.v IF.SU P .... 100 pro. 4101m
r. rVunsmck . . . 5.00 p.m. 10 a.m.
T wTuy.) "
1. I!:SUP .... 5.10p m. 5 jon.m
i.f Sivannah . . . 7.50 p.m. H 40 a.m
'. F. v Rv.)
:. . WAVCROSS o.ooam
. Tnomasville . 1. 4Hp.ro.
: r vTsT a. Ry.)
- ROME 400p.m. 11. 10 a.m. 8.55p.m.
ilij'Tton 5.10p.m. 11.12p.m. 9 4op.m.
1 . Pinhnoitt 6.06 p.m. n.41 p.m. 10.10 p.m.
r il-trnr) 6.47 pm. 1.08pm. 10.35p.m.
.A-inisti'B 7.27p.m. I15P tn. lo.Q p.m.
A . T;illl'1e?a . . 8.48p.m. 8-lop.m. 11.48p.m.
A.-. C"1'T.t 4.25p.m. 1.151.111.
Ar. SELMA . . . . . . . . 6.40p.m. 1 25 a.m.
" 7m i U. Ry3
I.v i-'-lma 6'5op.m. 310a.m.
Ar. Mt. Wrnon :13.42 a.m. 8.45 a.m.
Ar. MOHII.E I 2.10a.m. io.coa.rn.
THROUGH CAR ARRANGEMENTS.
No, 6 carries Pullman Buffet Sleeping Car Cincinnati (
No 11 carries Pullman DufTet Sleeping Car Chattanooga t
No. 15. carries Pullman Buffet Sleeping cars Chattanoopa 10
Kaiou, an J Pullman Compartment Lars Atlanta to UrunsTidr
B. W. WRENN,
General fass. & Ttt. Aft.
twCA.?l 28 UNION SQUARE.NY. SANr
ST.LOUIS.MO. Ili nillim m DALLAS.TEX.
THURMAN BROS' CO
McMinnville, - Tennessee.
a joOkial for advertisers.
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