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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE. TENNESSEE. SATURDAY?. MAR. 7,1891
.re always liable to sudden and severe
colds, to croup, Sore throat, lung fever, etc.
Iti'iiu'dks, to bo effective, must be admin
istered without delay. Nothing Is better
adapted lor such emergencies than Ayer'i
Cherry IVcturul. It soothes tho lntlamed
membrane, promotes expectoration, relieves
couching, and Induces sleep. The prompt use
of this medicine lias saved innumerable lives,
both of young and old.
"One of my children had croup. The case
was attended by our physician, and was sup
posed to be well under control. One night
I was startled by the child's hard breathing,
and on going to It found It
It had nearly ceased to breathe. Realizing
that the child's alarming condition had be
come possible In spite of the medicine It had
taken, I reasoned that such remedies would
be of no avail. Having a part of a bottle of
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral in the house, I gave
the child three doses, at short Intervals, and
anxiously waited restdts. From the moment
the 1'ectoral was given, the child's breathing
grew easier, and in a short time it was sleep,
ing quietly and breathing naturally. The
child is alive and well to-day, and I do not
hesitate to say that Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
saved Ha life." C. J. Wooldrldgp, Wortham,
fPFor colds, coughs, bronchitis, asthma,
and the early stages of .consumption, take
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
DR. J. C. AYER & CO., Lowell, class.
Cold by nil Drugglntg. Price $1 ; nix boltlea, 5.
McMinnville produce market.
Corrected weekly by Mead & Ititchey.
Offick Southern Standard,
McMinnville. March C, 1S91.
Since last week, eggs advanced
slightly in the Eastern markets on
account of cold spell and high waters,
but on yesterday they declined 3 cent,
and are now about as a week ago.
Last week the Standakd quoted
eggs 5c through mistake. Should
have been hens 5c and eggs 8c. .Hens,
ducks and turkeys are i:i good do
manu at oc. Dried apples were
quoted lower yesterday in Nashville
and also in St. Louis ; a decline of
fully 1c in St. Louis. Quite an in
crease in the receipts at St. Louw,
which has caused a decline.
Wheat, 3 bushel 1.00
Com; "f bushel 50 to 0'5
Flour. B barrel $.325 to $5.'-'5
Meal, r$ bushel 50 to tiO
Oats, H " 30
Eggs, dozen to 8
Butter, W lb 8 to 10
Hens, f tb 5
Spring Chickens 10 to 13
Turkeys, lb G
Ginseng, p tb to 2,50
Beeswax, $ ft 21
Feathers, W th 35 to. 38
Tallow, 'A lb V2
(Jreen Hides, "A lb 2 to 3
Wool, unwashed, $ tb 20 to 23
" tub washed 30 to 35
Stock Peas, 'A bushel $1.00
White Beans, bushel 1 25
Dried Apples, lbs 7 to T2
Pppliniyq nnd rnrea I
" Blackberries, to 7
Green Apples, per bushel 05 to 75
NASHVILLE MARKET REPORT,
Corrected from the Nashville American
every Thursday evenine.
Nashville, March 4. The gener
al trade is fairly active and collec
tions this week so far are in excess of
that for last week, and merchants
generally express satisfaction at the
situation. The indications favor a
good volume of business for the
spring season, though the trade will
cover more time than usual, as retail
dealers are manifesting conservatism
in the malter of purchases and will
buy only when urged to do so by the
necessities of the trade.
The coffee market is rather strong
at quotations, and sugar rules firm.
There Is still a light demand for
meats and lard. Eggs are firm at
quotations. Chickens and poultry
are taken freely at the pi ice. No
changes are noted in wheat or corn
Hay and all feedstuffs are easy.
Wheat, from waeons, gooddry, new, to $1.07
Corn, from wagons 02 to b6'A
Oats 52 to 65
Hav, prinie timothy, per ton. .$11.00 to 15.00
Dried Apples 7 to 8
Dried Peaches, halves
" quarters to
Dried Blackberries 7to7K
Heathers, prime to 40
Ginseng, dry to $2.75
Butter 8 to 16
Eces to 10
Irish Potatoes, per bbl 3.50
Wool, unwashed, 21to 23
" tub-washed 28 to 33
LIST OF LETTERS.
Remaining in the TostoH'ice at McMinn
ville, Tenn., for the week ending Mareii 6
which will he forwarded to the Dead Letter
office if not called for in 30 days.
linrnes, V. L.
Mayers, Mrs. Mollie
Marcercal, Miss Julia
Mutnfonl, S. S.
Rivers, R. .1.
Hitler, R. A.
By order of the P.
Stephenson, H. Thos.
Stouer, Mrs. . is.
Tanner, Miss Mnttic
Williams, Mrs. June
Walters, Mrs. Sue
Warren, J. II.
Williams, Addie 2
O. Department, One
Cent must be collected on all advertised
letters. 1'ai lies CHllmg lor any of Uiese let
ters will please say "Advertised."
F.d. J. M ood, P. M.
OUR CITY SCHOOLS.
Extracts From the Superintendent's
At a meeting of tho Hoard of Edu
cation held last Saturday, the report
of Superintendent Jus. G. Mcadora
for the fall term of 1890-91 was sub
mitted arid received. The report is a
forcible and comprehensive docu
ment, clearly setting forth the con
dition and progress of the schools, to
gether with some timely suggestions
as to their further needs.
Every citizen of McMinnville has
just cause to be proud of our city
schools. They are a credit to the
town, and no other town in the State
has made more progress along this
line than McMinnville. We doubt if
there is another town in the State
with less than 3,000 population hav
ing a system of schools which will
equal ours in completeness of course,
and in efficiency and thoroughness of
the work done. And it must be re
membered that these schools have
been built and maintained so far on
a smaller tax than is levied by prob
ably any other town in the State hav
ing city schools. The aggregate cor
poration tax in McMinnville tor
schools and all other purposes is only
50 cts on each $100 worth of property.
Other towns in the State having city
schools, tax their people from 75 cts
to $1.00 on the $100. Without any
increase in our taxation all of the
suggestions contained in Prof. Mead-
or's report can be carried out, by ju
dicious management. We take the
liberty of using some extended ex
tracts from the report, and ask of
every citizen of the town u" careful
perusal of the same:
McMinnville, Jan. 15, 1891.
lo the Board of Education :
I beg leave to herewith submit for
your inspection and approval, my re
port for the term beginning August
19, 1890, and ending Jan. 9, 1891.
I'omilation of city, census MKI....
Vliolastic enumeration, C to 21 years....
Total enrollment white pupils...
Avcniiie No. bclontuiiK
Average No. attending daily....
J'er cent attendance
Total No. days present.,
Total No. days absent..
Total No. tardies ; 130
No. days ta unlit !'S
No. teachers employed
No. substitute teachers employed 3
A vt-raire monthly cost tuition per pupil 884-5
The steady growth of the schools
for the last live years is no mean indi-
cation that they are at least in part
supplying the wants oi the people;
and the fact that there has been such
a large increase in both the enroll
ment and the daily attendance for
this term, shows that something has
served to popularize them more than
. 1 ... mi
ever ueiore in meir nisiory. me
schools in operation have been thor
oughly graded, and there can be no
doubt but your laws and instructions
in this respect have been thoroughly
carried out in all departments.
The wisdom ol your course in re
grading the schools has been satis
factorily demonstrated by the fruits
borne. The general improvement
has been marked; the largely increas
ed daily attendance, the lew tardies,
the small number of absences, the
zeal for promotion manifested by pu
pils heretofore dullest and most list
less, have plainly shown the value of
the new system.
The value and importance of
COl'IiSK OK STUDY
can hardly be overestimated. There
can bo no doubt that a corps of teach
ers should be simply left to their own
resources, and be allowed to teach
whatever they deem best, if a proper
course, full, complete, and thorough,
is not arranged for their guidance,
and which they shall be compelled to
follow. It is to the interest of tho
people, to the interest of the teacher,
and of paramount interest to the stu
dent to have such an established
Now if such a course be arranged,
it is obvious that proper text-books
should be selected, and that such
books be taken as are
not mere ex
periments, but such as are undoubt
edly adapted to the needs and re
quirements of public school pupils.
For the information of many who
have seen fit to criticise this Board, I
wish to make a few statements in res
gard to the
The Hoard of Education, and all
the people of this city who investi
gated the subject, saw the immediate
necessity of regrading the schools.
They were in tho condition of a
bearded youth trying to wear some
four-year-old's knickerbockers. The
clothes were all right, perhaps, when
cut out, but the boy's body had
grown to ju.it three times the si.e of
the original garments. It had reach
ed the point when he had to go nak-
ed.or else be knocked into them with
a maul !
rsow judging that they could not
longer defer the matter, the Board
of Education looked around them lor
a model, and after much study of the
subject, after working on tho course
six weeks and meeting twice each
week during that period, they adopt'
ed the Nashville course, and the ays
tern of grading and promotion which
have been employed there for thirty
years, and which have made the
public schools of Nashville the glory
of every Tennessean and the admira
tion of every Southern city. There
was certainly no experiment in that.
Nearly every city school in Tennes
see lias chosen the. same model;
schools far smaller than ours; schools
much larger; public schools of all
sizes and conditions, have been, and
are today, successfully operated under
Having decided then to adopt the
Nashville system of grading, it be-
came necessary to remodel the course
Lf study: and the Board copied the
Nashville course almost verbatim.
This was no experiment, as the same
course has been in existence there
and elsewhere for well nigh thirty
liut to carry out this plan it became
necessary to cnange certain text
books, and invariably when a book
was changed'the book in use in the
Nashville schools was taken. It so
happened that in every case the book
taken was a cheaper book than the
Now in the whole Primary and
Grammar School courses as they ex
isted previous to the session of 1889-
90, only three books were changed.
They were as follows:
Swinton's Spellers in place of Mo
Gutfey's, Hyde's Grammar in place
Knox-IIeath: Anderson's U. S. His
tory in place of Barnes'.
The readers, geographies, arithme
tics and other common-school books
now in use. have been in use since
the origin of the schools. Of the new
buoks taken, most of which belong
to the High School course, hardly
any two of them are published by
the same firm. I have heard no
complaints about the High School
books the pupils buying them
would have been compelled to buy
equally costly books had no changes
been made, as only three pupils have
up to now finished the old course.
ERECTION OF NEW HUILMXGS.
There can be no doubt but the
time has come when the white chil
dren of this town can be no longer sar-
I have packed over three hundred
pupils into the two small buildings
we have packed them on desk-seats
and chairs and boxes packed them
to our sore discomfort and unavoid
able confusion packed them to the
injury of their health and the detri
ment of their progress packed them
amid good-natured protests and ill-
natured grumbling packed packed
till flesh and blood can stand no
I have notified fourteen pupils from
the country, expecting to apply for
admission, that we could not take
them; we mud take the town chil
dren; but we can't take another soul
for at least a month.
The schools are suffering for two
new buildings, one for the whites,
one for the colored. No additions
can 'be safely made to the High
School building. We have even now
too little land, too little light, and too
little air; besides I do not believe the
building is strong enough or valuable
enough to justify any additions. To
seek to enlarge it would be a penny-
wise, pound-foolish policy that would
prove a useless expenditure of money
and a futile remedy for the evil that
stares us in the face. In leas than
three years we should be again want
ing more room. The only remedy
is to build another house and buy
more ground, and our corporate au
thorities mud give us relief. I ap
peal to the city council I appeal to
the citizens of this town I appeal to
ever human being in McMinnville
with a dollar, a baby, a vote, or a
voice, to build, or help build this
house for tho children, tho people
posterity and the Lord !
A word as to
OCR COLORKD I'EOPLK.
As this Board well knows, their
house was burned. Finding it im
possible to build or rent a house at al
suitable for a school, a largo mass
meeting of the colored people were
assembled,by the Board of Education
and opinions were freely given. The
colored people agreed to wait a year,
do without a school, and asked only
that the funds appropriated by the
Board of Education be set aside to
help erect a new building for them.
This was a agreed to. The Board of
Aldermen by their silence ratified
this agreement, and our colored peo
ple have patiently waited. The city
council will doubtless keep their tacit
ledge, but our colored citizens are
asking solid earnest of their inten
tions in the matter. I hope you will
urge immediate action on the part of
our Board of Aldermen. It remains
only for me to say that whatever
buildings are erected should be of
brick, and all our buildings be
HEATED HY STKAM.
The labor, waste, danger and in
convenience of heating with stoves
is very great. Besides it is impossi
ble to thus heat the rooms thorough
ly, or to keep them at the proper
temperature. One part of a laige
school-room is always too cold, the
other too warm.
I hope that at an early date it will
be possible to form the nucleus of a
in each of the schools. If a small
room was fitted up for this purpose, a
great many good books could be plac
ed there in a few years. In this day,
when so many school-boys are suffer
ing from the cigarette and tho dime
novel, I believe the best thing we
can do is to give them plenty of base
ball and plenty of good, wholesome
literature. There can be no doubt
but a majority of our boys who fall
into evil ways, do so chiefly lroni lack
of proper employment and proper
amusement. The English-speaking
race has for centuries craved and en
joyed the hardy sports that give mus
cle, courage and iiardihood. It is
bred in the bone clean to the marrow;
we might as well ask a leopard to
change his spots as to ask our boys
to love to do otherwise. If the boy
can't seek sport and adventure, he
likes to "hear tell of it" in other
words read about it. I propose then
to give him the proper stuff to read,
ami further to'encourage him to rend
it. He will then imbibe a taste ft
good reading, and if he reads at 'all,
ne win read nothing that will sen
ously harm him. The need of a pub
ic library in this town has been
want long felt by every member of
this Board. If old people engrossed
with business feel this desire for good
books, it is evident that the younger
eople who have much time on their
lands must experience a greater. I
ly 11 in canuor mat 1 ne'ieve 1 owe
more, for the education 1 have, to
Shakespeare than to all the histories
have ever read, and more to Scott
than to the classics. The children of
the poor cannot be provided with
good reading otherwise than by pub
ic libraries, and even then the taste
for good reading must be early imbib
ed. A man cannot be educated who
las not made his own the best
thoughts of the English-speaking
people, I care not what he has stud
ied or what he has learned, and I
predict that the day is not far distant
when every city school in this state
Go To The Leading Drug Store For
Chemicals, Paints, Oils, Tarnishes and Toilet Articles,
Fleming's Dead Shot fermifuge,
-H-Full Line of Cigars and Tobacco.
Prescriptions a Specialty Carefully
Landreth's and other Garden Seeds for '91.
W. H. FLEMING, Prop'R. PottsBlock
el. II. WAWvN,
CLOCKS, JEWELRY, SEWINC
Every Piece of Work Guaranteed.
Shop in Jones Bros' Store, East Main Street, McMinnville, Tenn,
Villi Wl V
will set aside a sum each year for the
purchase of books for a library.
A great deal of money' could be
raised by school - entertainments for
this purpose and 1 do not doubt, if a
place be provided, but in a few years
the children of the schools w ould buy
a large number of books by this
I do not wish to weary this Board
or the people of this town with my
importunities, but any reasonablo
man can see two things :
(1) Our colored people need, and
must have, a school building.
(2) Our white children need moro
buildings and more room, and if their
cries are not heard, it will be a dis
honor, a sin and a crime.
There is no use in ' longer masque
rading. If we believe in these public
schools let us support them by pro
viding adequate funds and suitable
accommodations. If wo do not be
lieve they are to the interest of tho
town and do not enure to the benefit
of the 'people, let us abolish them al
together. Tho lattter proposition
would be denounced as a criminal
absurdity by perhaps every man in
the city, and yet it is sound common
sense. We have sought to 'build up
the schools we have done it let the
people pile some more bricks into
walls, and we will fill them with
children children of the poor, chil
dren of the rich, children of all classes
and conditions of men, children who
are to be the men and women of to
morrow and worthy sons and dangli
ters of the commonwealth !
Jas. (i. Meadors,
Viola, March f), isoi. Owing to
the continued rains, farmers are get
ting behind with their work. As ye t
but few oats have been sown.
Elder Sutton of Sparta, will fill an
appointment at Philadelphia Sunday
at 1 1 o'clock.
J. It. Bamsey went to Murfrees
boro Monday to accompany his wife
Mr. Mack Brown, who has been
visiting his parents here for some
time, left Monday for his home at
. Miss Lula Floyd who has been at
tending the Viola Normal for several
years, returned to her home at Mur
freesboro last Monday.
Mr. J. It. .West made a trip to Pel
Will England left Monday for his
home in Pembroke, Ky.
Miss Julia Bonner is visiting rela
iives at Tullahoma.
1). A. Bamsey and son made a trip
to Manchester Monday.
Mr. Steeve Pointer is spendiug this
week among relatives in White county-
OF WALL PAPER.
Cumberland Mountain Condition Powders.
CoipnAetl at all Honrs, Day and Nijflit.
Take your buggy, carriage, wagon and
farm implements of all kinds to
and have them
REPAIRED tP PAINTED.
BUCKSHOTS, WAGON and CARRIAGE
done Promptly and Cheaply.
J. P. GARTNER.
rsnring Street, McMinnville, Tenn.