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ui -i Riurann
SOUTHERN STANDARD McAiixNi V1LLE, TENNESSEE. SATURDAY, MAR 7, IS91.
Sowing Grass and Clover.
Grass and clover are unquestionably
the most important of all farm crops;
they are the beginning and tho end
ing of the necessary rotation; they
are the cheapest of all farm products,
they are indispensable to tho profit
able cultivation of the soil. Hence
by whatever means they may be
made more certain and productive
becomes an important subject for con
sideration at this time. The methods
of agriculture are improving, . old
things and ways are passing away
and new methods are found necessa
ry to meet the close competition and
the constantly increasing burdens
which confront the farmer.
Heretofore the culture of what is
generally termed the grass crops has
been of the most careless character.
No adequate preparation of the land
has been made, and the seed has been
cast on the ground, or the snow, to
take nil the chances whether it may
succeed or perish, with a large bal
ance in favor of the latter. Conse
quently, failures to a more or less ex
tent have bmi general, and the
yields of this most important crop
have averaged no more than one
third or one-fourth of what they
might and should have been. A very
little figuring, which readers may
easily do for themselves, will prove
that these crops are really the most
profitable of all that are grown, yield
ing several hundred per cent, upon
the cost, and in addition adding an
equal value in the improvement of
the land, when they are made as
productive as they might be.
Nothing can be produced without
skillful and judicious labor, every
part of which will count for the end
in view. Every farmer knows that
a seed cannot grow without a fitting
soil and a sufficient covering that it
may push its roots safely and effect
ually into the earth, and a very little
thought will satisfy him that seed
cast upon the snow or upon the sur
face of the ground in early spring
must run many and serious risks of
failure to secure these necessary con
ditions for growth. The method
may happen to succeed, but there is
no assurance of it. Numerous event
ualities are liable, nay, are certain, to
occur which may lead to failure; but
when seed is sown on well-prepared
soil, and is covered to a safe depth
and protected against all risks, the
growth of the seed and the safety of
the young plants are almost certainly
assured. The only risk, then, is such
;i continuance of unfavorable weath
er as will injure all other crops, and
which cannot be foreseen or avoided
When one has done all he can and
has exhausted industry and skill, he
has done all his duty and may rea
onauiy expect success, wmcn win so
rarely be missed that it is hardly
worth while to consider the risk of
The great haup of grass (and clover)
growing is that so few farmers study
the necessities of the case. One farm
er who is prominently known for sue
cessful work reports an excellent crop
from seed sown upon the snow,a late
fall of it, on the opening of the spring,
or upon the ground covered with
young fall-sown grain. Unfortunate
ly this is only the smallest part of the
story. He does not tell of his liberal
manuring, his well-tilled soil, and
the well chosen time, when to his
experienced eye and good judgment
he sees that every requisite condition
is afforded by the condition of the
land to take in the seed and cover it,
and afiord it ample nutriment to
give it strength to resist every acci
dent of season and weather. Others
reading of his reported success, with
out knowing of these ample prepara
tions sow their seed, and it fails to
grow because the soil is not prepared
Thousands of farmers thus become
misled or mislead themselves for
want of intelligent thought and study
of principles upon which the success
ful sowing and germination of seal
depends and by ignoring the fact
that time and season must be met by
concurrent conditions of soil and
preparation of it to insure final sue'
Grass seed requires a finely pulvcr
ized soil, well supplied with necessa'
ry plant food, and a sufficient cover
itig of fine soil to afford ample depth
for the growth of roots to secure the
young plants against any ensuing dry
Seed merely cast on a hard surface
may germinate, but the roots will be
seen sprawling on the surface, and
the young spire is merely existing
upon the food supplied by the sub
stance 01 me seen, a ury wind anu
a hot sun for one single day, or even
:iti hour, kill all such young plants
the roots being shriveled and destroy
ed bec.iusy they are unprotected. 13ut
seed that is covered half an inch or
even an inch in depth pushes tin
roots down still further, before eve .
the spire appears and before there i
any serious drain upon the roots, i.
supply the exhalation of moisture f i
the young leaf. The hot sun tin t
warms the soil and draws moistun
from below; the genial heat quicken-;
the vitality of tho young plant aiel
rushes it forward rapidly, the spire
appears above the surface, drawing
food from the atmosphere, which
supplies tho roots with new material
for growth, while the seed exposed
on tho surface is perishimr, this !
growing apace, aided by the very
conditions which are destroying the
plants which, "because they have no
depth of earth, are withering away."
Tho Plantation Negro and His Mule
The plantation negro and the mule
seem peculiarly adapted by nature to
each other. The attachment frequent
y appears mutual, and the exalted
value placed by the negro upon his
mule is almost invariably incidental
to ownership. The grief produced
by his death is often overwhelming,
bringing as it does not only the
very, serious loas of his services
which often occurs at critical crop
periods but a severance of the in
visible but tender tie of companion
ship and affection.
Bill Butts, a negro customer of an
Alabama merchant a good and
thrifty tenant of a neighboring plan
tation, a quiet and industrious man
was observed by the merchant one
day leaning against the store counter,
atiently awaiting his turn for atten
tion. The merchant glancing at him
was struck by his dejected air and his
sad expression. "What can I do for
you, Bill," said he, "you seem to be
"Yes, Boss," slowly and sadly he
replied, "I had bad luck. Malindy
died las' night and I come to ax you
for an order for a coffin and a gallon
0' whisky forde watchers."
The merchant expressed his regret
at the death of Malindy who was
Bill's wife spoke in commendation
of her merits, consoled Bill by the
reflection that death had ended the
sufferings of a long continued and
a hopeless infirmity, gave him the
whisky and coffin order, and turned
his attention to other customers.
A week or so later, Bill, who had
quietly stepped into the store un
noticed, was again observed by the
merchant leaning on the counter, his
face and bearing the embodiment of
despair and desolation.
'Well, Bill," said the merchant,
what can I do for you?"
"Dunno, Boss, dunno," answered
Bill in doleful and abject tones, slow
ly shaking his dejected head and
heaving deep and long-drawn sighs.
"Dunno, sir, I'm atearu 1 dun pass
help now; more bad luck at home."
"More bad luck?" said the sympa
thetic merchant; "why, I am very
sorry. Only a week ago you buried
your wife, and now you are in more
"xes, sir; more trouble more
trouble; and wusser trouble wusser
trouble, "sighed Bill. "Dat fine mule,
Nancy Patience (Emancipation, )died
with hlinrl utno-nrora -! wlifla orrn "
and, as if overwhelmed by the recital
with keener realization of his loss, he
sunk with bowed head and form up
on the counter, the picture of utter
"Come, come," said the merchant ;
"I am sorry for you, Bill, and must
try to help you in some way, but you
forget when you say this is a worse
loss than the loss of Malinda. You
can't surely mean to say that the loss
of a man's mule is greater, than the
loss of his wife."
"Yes, I does, Boss," replied Bill,
aroused to defense of his position
"Yes, sir; fo' God I does; I knows
it 'iaint no sputin' dat. A man lose
his wife ho can turn round mos' any
where and git a nuther wife, but you
let a man lose a fine mule en he in
de grass en whar is he gwine to git
a nuther mule?"
Stand Your Ground.
When you make up your mind to
take Hood's Sarsaparilla, do not be
induced to buy some other prepara
tion instead. Clerks may claim that
"ours is as good as Hood's" and all
that, but the peculiar merit of Hood's
Sarsaparilla cannot be equalled.
Therefore have nothing to do with
substitutes and insist upon having
Hood's Sarsaparilla, the best blood
purifier and building up medicine.
For headaches, biliousness, consti
pation, dizziness, sleeplessness, the
blues, scrofula, the blood and all skin
eruptions Dr. Fenner's Blood and
Liver Roinc.lv and Nerve Tonic
never fails. Warranted to satisfy or
monev refunded. For sale bv .1. I).
Tate A- Co.
HOILT COOKING RECIPES.
I rn-'iNs. One quart of milk, two
- a- iti-ii, n piece of butter
-t' i, tli size of nri egg, half a
I v '-it, Hour for a still' batter.
. ' it t .ml tmiii twelve hours and
f' loudin rings.
i''isi i'n:. - 'lit two pounds of cod
iii. -null pi (", und lay in salted
e i ;i' r while you peel and boil
quilt of potatoes, mash tliem
t'irough a colander and season with
h.u and pepper. Soak one pound of
siale bread in cold water, and wring
iii in a towel, seasoning it well with
lt, pepper and minced parsley. Put
the tish and bread in alternate layers
iu a pudding dish, put the mushed
potatoes over in the form of a crust,
and hake an hour' in a moderate
Piu'.nk Anu Tapioca Pcddinc.
Soak one-half cup of tapicoa over
night. In the morning cook until
transparent in just water enough to
prevent hurnirfg. Stew two cups
of well washed prunes in one
quart of wuter. Add the Juice of one
lemon and two tablespoonfuls of su
gar, noil until the syrup becomes
thick and rich. Turn the prunes in
to a pudding dish and cover with
cooked tapioca seasoned with grated
lemon rind. Bake and serve with
out sauce or with cream and sucar.
Chick kn Salad. For a pound of
chicken, after it is minced, use six
eggs ; boil them hard, separate the
yolks and whites, mash the yolks to
a smooth piste ; add half a tumbler
of olive oil (or rather more melted
butter) half a tumbler of vinegar
(celery vinegar is the best,) two even
tablespoonfuls of dry mustard Hour, a
tablespoonful of loaf sugar (dissolved
in the vinegar,) a tcasp.xinlul each of
pepper ami salt ; wet the mustard to
a paste; stir all these touether.
Mince a third as much w hite lettuce,
cabbage or celery as meat ; mix well
with the meat ; add the sauce just
before serving. GaruiMi with sprigs
of green parsley and the w hites of
eggs cut into rings.
Fhcit Shokt-Cakk. Add tint e
tespoontuls of baking powder to one
quart of Hour, and sift twice. Rub
into this three tablespoonfuls of but
ter, and milk to make a soft dough.
Roll out a piece to fit a pie-plate half
or three-fourths of an inch in thick
ness; spread the top of it with soft
butter, and then add another layer of
dough of the same size and thickness.
Bake in a hot oven. When done
separate the cakes, and spread the
fruit between and also on top. A cup
ful of whipped cream can lie xprcttd
over the lop to advantage. Nmriy
all varieties of fruit are relished in
this way, an I canned as well as fresh
can be used, though of course the
flavor of tlie latter is far superior to
that of the former.
Apples stewed nicely and sweeten
ed, then a little nutmeg grated
over the top after they are spread,
are better in this way than when
made into pies at this season of the
Liquor In the Leg.
It is pcnerally supposed that intoxi
cating drink gots into the head. This
is a mistake; it is to the legs that the
fumes of tho liquor fly. Such is the im
portant physiological discovery that has
been made by Henry Bull, describod as
"a bald-headed carpenter," who, being
brought up at Marlborough street police
court recently, explained that he had
taken too much "Old Bass," but that in
stead of its going into his body it had
got into his logs. The magistrate rocog.
nizod tho valuo of this discovery by im
posing "a small fine." Mr. Bull's the
ory was, oddly enough, confirmed in the
samo court on the same day, for Anne
Lavoy, "a good-looking young woman,"
having been likewiso found in a doubt.
ful condition, laid the blame on her
legs. The fact is, sho had been in the
hospital for a bad knoo, and they had
giyon her such a powerful lotion that
she could not uso it without taking a
drop of strong drink of course inter
nally. As the case appoared to require
medical investigation, she was sent back
to the hospital. Certainly, one of tho
questions of the day would soom to be,
"What shall wo do with our legs?"
London 1 olograph.
Syn Otechestva, a daily paper of St
Tetorsburg, regrets that there are no
phonographs for sale in Russia. "Our
correspondent," the editor says, "has
found a uso for tho instrument of which
its invontor has perhaps never thought
He has a scolding wife, who uses the
harshest words and the most cruel ex
pressions. When sho is in a calm mood
and ho reproaches her for tho languago
sho has used, she either denies her words
point blank, or so perverts his words as
to impute to him tho improprieties
which sho has committed. He there
fore wishes to have a phonograph in the
house, that the instrument may repeat
to his wifo her own scolding.
"This parrot is worth "What
gives it such a tremendous value'.''' "Jt
can't talk." Sparks.
BROmJ'S IROf! BITTERS
Cures lii.li -M'-f.on. i inim-ii'--. I 'y-Tt'psia Mala
ria. Nex'-i. ..'.!- l-eliility. 1'hysi-
ci.iiK ' I i-ii- r !! u. it-1 1 ui no
hMstruilu .;.e croi! r J U.u mmi w :apner.
jjDR. ACKER'S EfJGLSSH REMEDY.
: for Coughs, Colds and Consumption is beyond question the greatest of all
r Modern Remedies ? It will Btop a Cough in ouo night. It will check a Cold in
, a day. It will prevent Croup, relieve Asthma and cure Consumption, if taken
t in time, " You can't afford to be without it." A 25 cent bottle may save you
" $100 in Doctor's bills may Bavo your life ! Ask your druggist for it, or write
to W. II. Hooker & Co., 48 West Broadway, New York, tor book. i
THE BEST POROUS PLASTERS IN THE WORLD.
25 cents t DtomIsU,
TMl ORIGINAL AND GENUINE.
Ladled, uk Drurrllt for Chichftr'$ MnalUk Diamond Brand Id Kerf nA tlnlA mtmnl
Im vita blue ribbon. Take
All pill. In pMtetoird boif i, plm wrapper!, are danceroui roanlrrlY'lta. At DmgirUu, or tni na
4e. In naniin for iruculr, mtlmoaUli, and "Krllrf for Ladlra," m fetor, br retarn MalL
10,000 Teulmonlal. Samt Par". CHICHC&TCH CHEMICAL CO., Madlaon Konare
(toll br all Local IrracaiaU. 1'lllLAUiuLi'UlA, J A.
FIRE AND- LIFE
?. M. REAMS, Agent McMinnville.
The Leading Companies in lioth lines represented. Kates
and terms given on application.
evEBr WATER PROOF COLLM CUFF
KIZED3 KO LAUKfiESriC. CAN BE VVSPED CLEAN IN A K?r.2nT.
THE OMLY LINEN-LINED WATERPROOF
COLLAR IN THE MARKET.
Revised and Enlarged.
1288 Pages, Nearly 1000 Illustrations, 6000
Some of the Good Points of the New Dixie :
It fimtiiiiis lino pilot's inure llian Prat'tienl Hiuseke'iin'.
It contains h Mil of fare for every meal of the year, directions for every article on iliest.
biMs of fiire beinj: L'iveti in recipes in this book.
It is full ol prarticul ami economical recipes.
It helps housekeepers who need to look after their expenditures.
It Hives ilirti'iiiiiis in every department of housekeeping.
It tells how to eive dinners nnd refreshments for receptions aii.l purties.
It maker, a dollar liriun its full value in comforts and luxuries.
It tells everything worth knowing nliotit washing nnd ironing.
It tells how to buy economically and with good judgment in the market.
It makes war e-n waste in every department of tlie household.
It tells how to cut up and cure all kinds of meats. Tho recipe for brine for corned
beef is worth the price of the book.
It tells y f in it k husbands how to carve game, poultry and meats.
It makes everything so plain that any girl old enough to iiudcrtiind English can cook
It has a full department in regard to enre of babies nnd children, with simple treatment
for simple ailments.
It is illustrated on nearly every page, the illustrations helping to explain things other
wise hnrd to understand.
It contains many new things not in any other cook book.
Its article on dress nnd dress making is practical, and will save readeis many dollars.
Its medical department alone is worth the price of the book.
It gives remedies and treatment for every disease which is safe to treat with home
remedies. Its medical department is safe to follow and is free from quackery.
It tells how to keep well and giver- a full chapter to health hints.
It contains a variety of ways for preparing every article of food in every day use,
Sold Only by Subscription.
Active Agents Wanted iWHra
ARTISTIC JOB PRIETTING.-
oo oy oooem?!
Do you know that a little couijh is a dangerous
thing ? Are you aware that it often fastens on the .
luiifrs and far too of ten runs into Consumption and
ends in Death ? People suffering from Asthma. a
Bronchitis, Pneumonia and Consumption, will all
tell you tliat B
"IT STARTED 17STIS A GOLD." :
Can you afford to neglect it? Can you trifle"
. with bo Berious a matter? Arevouawarath.it
KIDNEY PAINS, LAME BACK, &c.
UUOSTHNOU fc KICIIAKDS, Dewtou, Maaa.
DlAMONO BRAND A
Sure, tatnUaHt Pill for lala. Vtf
Th ! Rfv Hum. .nit ..... Pin
other kind. Mtfutt Suiiiituttona mitd hhisMmu.
THAT CAN BE RELIED ON
BJot to SBiplit;!
Not -co 331ooloir!
BEAP.3 THIS MARK.
ft Pi El rt? t
l;l L 13 h, hi !
of Them All!
ri. M. KJiiAMS, Manager
Tennessee General Agency, "