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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCM1 JN N VILLE, TENNESSEE.- SATURDAY. MAR US'
THE SILVER QUESTION.
Two Opinsons from Two Prominent
The following letter from Senator
Harris appeared in the Luwrenceburg
Democrat of last week :
"I send you by this mail some
speeches on the silver question.
Second only to tariff taxation it is the
most important of economic ques
tions. Silver and gold have been
recognized as money metals from the
beginning of civilization, and their
production comes nearer keeping
paco with the increase of population
than any other metals.
"To deny to silver free and unlimi
ted coinage is to degrade it below the
standard of a money metal and to
make gold the only standard or
measure of value, which in effect di
minishes the volume of currency
about one'half. You reduce the price
of labor and all of the products of la
bor in precisely the same ratio that
you reduce the volume of money.
"Capitalists want to reduce the vol
ume of money because it will increase
thu value or purchasing power 'of
their capital. Labor wants to increase
the value or purchasing power of
their capital. Labor wants to in
crease the volume because it increases
the price of labor and product of la
bor. Capital buys the best talent of
the country to devise and maintain
policies to promote its interests, by
which means it has abso'utely con
trolled the legislation of this country
for more than a quarter of a century.
And as a means of benefiting itself at
the expense of labor, in 1873 it man
aged to have silver demonetized,
which reduced the volume of money
about one hall.
"At that time silver bullion was
worth in the markets of the world ;)
per cent more than gold at our ratio
of sixteen for oi.e. And, singularly
enough, the United States, which
produces about as much silver as all
the balance of the world, took the
initiative in demonetizing and strik
ing it down. Degraded below the
dignity of a money metal and becom
ing a mere commodity, of course it is
depreciating in price.
"When we proposed to remonetize
it 178 and admit it to limited coin
age of not less than $2,000,000, nor
more than $4,000,000 a month, we
were told by the representatives of
capital that a silver dollar containing
412A grains was worth less than a dol
lar, and that it would be a dishonest
dollar, and if we remonetized and ad
tnitted it even to this limited coinage
we would reduce this couutry
to a silver standard and drive all
gold out of the country.
passed the bill, how-ever,
under it have coined some
&i)0,000,000, upon most of which sil
ver certificate were issued. We had
in 1878 about $230,000,000 in gold in
this country. Mr. Sherman, then
Secretary of the Treasury, issued an
order authorizing the exchange of
bit ver certificates for gold, dollar for
dollar, and in a very short time $80,
000 in gold were brought to the Treas
ury and exchanged for silver certifi
cates, and Mr. Shermau suspended
"And so far from driving the $2.10,
000,000 of gold then in the country
from it, we have gradually increased
our gold until we have now about
$700,000,000 in gold. But I will not
bore you with further details. Ev
cry consideration of propriety, justice
and right demand the free and un
limited coinage of silver, and notlv
ing but the greed and avarice of the
capita list opposes it. Respectfully,
Isiiam O. IIauuis."
Following is the conclusion of Sec
retary Windom'8 speech, delivered
in New York on the night of his
INSUFFICIENT GOLD Oil SILVER.
Let me speak very plainly on this
most important subject. Believing
that there is not enough of either
gold or silver in the world to meet
the necessities of business, I am an
earnest bimetallist, and concede to no
one a stronger desire than I leel tor
the free and unlimited coinage of sil
ver, as soon as conditions can be
reached through international aeree
mpnt or otherwise by which such
coinage shall be safe.
But it is my firm conviction that
for this country to enter upon that
experiment now, and under existing
c mditions, would be extremely (lis
astrous, and that it would result, not
in hi uietallism,but in silver monomet
a'lUm. Suehan experiment would
in my judgment, prove a greater di?
appomtment to its advocates than
to any one else. They insist that
vouui expand t ne circulation ami
permanently enhance the value
silver. I believe it would produce
svm ana severe contraction, ana
eventually reduce the market value
of silver. Let me briefly suggest
some of my reasons for this belief:
Free and unlimited coinage of sil
ver by the United States, while the
other great nations pursue an oppo
site policy, would invite all the own
ers of that metal throughout the
world to exchange 3711 grainsof pure
silver, worth about 83 cents, for 23.22
grains of pure gold, worth every
where 100 cents. Nearly all the na
tions of Europe are anxious to ex
change their silver for gold, and they
would at once accept so tempting an
The mint statistics of the Treasury
Department show that the stock of
full legal tender silver in Europe
amounts to $1,101,400,000, and that of
this amount, the banks of France,
Germany, Austro Hungary, the
Netherlands, and Belgium hold
$428,80G,GG.r. A large part of these
vast stocks of silver would be ready
or transfer to us at once, and the
swiftest steamers would be employed
to deliver it to the Treasury, in order
that with the priceeds the owners
might buy gold exchange on Europe
before our stock of gold should be ex
Would our own people await the
arrival of these silver argosies from
Europe before acting? Not unless
the Yankee has lost his quick scent
of danger, and forgotten his cunning.
Jank depositors, trust companies,
the holders of United States notes
and gold certificates would instantly
ock up all the gold at command, and
then join the panic-inspired proces-
ion to the Treasury, each ami all
anxious to bo in .time to grasp the
golden prize before it is too late.
Probably before the swiftest ocean
greyhound could land its silver cargo
at New York, the last gold dollar
within reach would be safely hidden
away in private boxes and in the
vaults of safe-deposit companies, to
be brought out only by a high prem-
um for exportation.
This sudden retirement of $000,-
000,000 of gold, with the accompany-
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
ng panic, would cause contraction
and commercial disaster unparalled
u human experience, and our coun
try would at ence step down to the
silver basis, when there would be no
onger any inducement for coinage,
and silver dollars would sink to their
When the silver dollar ceases to
nave more value than the bullion it
contains there will be little induce
ment to coin our own silver, and the
cost of transportation will prevent its
coming from abroad. How then,
will uulimited coinage either expand
the circulation or enhance the value
of silver ?
As if determined to omit nothing
which might accelerate these results,
the advocates of present free coinage
nsist that it shall nut await the slow
process of mint orations, but that
the printing press shall be set to work
providing certificates to be issued for
silver bullion at $1.00 for 37. grains.
When this consummation shall be
reached, as surely it will be if unliin-
ited coinage be adopted under exist
ing circumstances, the too ardent and
impetuous lovers of silver will sadly
realize the truth uttered by the wNe
King of Isnel, "ie that lovtth silver
shad not be satisfied with silver."
Mr. President and gentlemen, my
subject has tempted me to impose
upon your patience. I will close by
calling your attention to one other
thing which I deem very important
both to our commercial and financial
ntereat, viz., the passage of the bill
now pending in Congress for the es
tablishment of an international bank
to facilitate our exchanges with
Mexico and Central and South
New York is destined at no distant
day to become the financial as well
as the commercial center of the
world, and such an institution would,
in my judgment, be a long step to-
ward that end, as well as a most val
uable instrumentality for the promo-
A. - I a , a .
uon oi commerce wan inose coun
tries. Give us direct and ample
transportation facilities, under the
American flag, and controlled by
American citizens ; a currency sound
in quality, and adequate in quantity;
an international bank to facilitate ex
changes, and a system of reciprocity
carefully adjusted within the lines of
protection ; and not only will our for
eign commerce again invade every
sea, but every American industry will
be quickened, and our whole jwople
feel the impulse of a new and ex
Jelly should be kept in a cool dry
Make your kitchen aprons of the
best quality of gingham. It does not
fade or spot easily, wears better than
calico and irons easier.
Cocoa'. Dissolve one teaspoon heap
ing full of coeoa in half a cupful of
boiling water when mixed odd a cup
ful of hot milk, stir until it boils well,
and serve at' once, sweeten to taste.
Chocolate Macaroons. Melt slowly
two ounces chocolate, add slowly two
thirds pound sugar and the beaten
whites of two eggs; roll one-fourth inch
thick cut and bake in a cool oven.
Fried Apples These are an excel
lent breakfast dish. Wash, quarter and
core good tart apples. Put into a frying-pan
with a little water added, boil
until nearly tender; then add supar and
butter and cook until tender and brown.
Almond Cheese Cakes. Beat half a
pound of sugar and the whites of five
eggs; blanch and pound four ounces of
almonds; beat up with the sugar and
egg, add a teaspoonful each of almond
and rose extract. Bake in puff paste.
Ladies' Home Companion.
Prune Tie. Soak a pound of prunes
over night so that the stones will slip
out easily; stew in water with as many
raisins as you wish, and sweeten; use
less water than for grapes. When both
are soft grate in the rind of two lemons
and fill the pie. Have top crust.
Do not season your turkey with
sage or black pepper, or put allspice and
cloves in your cake. Use the proper
amount of salt and you will soon learn
to relish your food without having it
highly seasoned. It is not the turkey
or cake which produces sour stomach
but the seasonings mentioned.
Home Sausages. Chop up fresh
beef with one-half the amount of salt
pork, or well freshened bacon, or mod
erately fat ham: mince it fine with one
onion, pepper, sage and thyme to taste.
Mix well, roll into balls, flattened, dip
them in egg, then in fine crumbs, and
ry to a nice brown. Housekeeper.
Troy Pudding Ingredients: One
cup chopped suet, one teaspoonful each
of salt and soda, one smalj cup molas
ses, one and a half cups milk, two tea
spoonfuls cream of tartar, two and a
half cups of flour, one eup chopped rais
ins. Flavor with lemon and nutmeg
and boil three hours. Serve with brown
sauce. Detroit Free Press.
To avoid a great deal of the weekly
darning of children's stockings would
be a welcome relief. This may be accom
plished and much time and labor saved
by shaping a piece of chamois skin to fit
the heel. Use over-seam stitch in sew
ing and press out the seam flat and
smooth with thumb-nail. It should be
worn over the stocking, and U held in
place by a piece of elastic half an inch
wide over the ankle will afford an ef
fectual protection. N. Y. World.
Clam Soup. Pour the juice from
50 small clams into a btewpan. simmer
it about five minutes, strain it, rub two
tablespoonfuls of butter and one of
flour together smoothly; add this slowly
to the elam juice while it is heating,
then add one-half ti-aspoonful of salt,
one-half a nutmeg and one pint ol
cream or milk: stir this well: let it cook
slowly 10 minutes, then add a heaping
tahlespoonful of chopped parsley and
the clams; allow the soup to boil only
once after the clams are added. If large
clams are used, they must be chopped.
Dr. Fenner's Kidney and Back
ache Cure is warranted to give satis
faction in every case or money re
turned. For sale by J. D. Tate & Co
vou wait Preston's
THE SOLDIER'S IDEAL.
Lesson in Devotion and Daring From
In the arms, with its vague and few
and distant rewards, there may be and
there are rivalries in devotion and dar
ing, hut there is no competition for
place and money as there is in civil life,
and yet the soldiers' ideal being duty,
the performance of duty stems sufficient.
It is a state of things w hich can suggest
much to those who are fond of baffling
the hope of better things in us with the
assertion that it is contrary to human
nature to act from any but interested
and selfish motives. Human nature is
a great mystery, and we have not yet
begun to solve it; but it appears that a
number of men drawn at random from
society and trained to a belief in duty
as the chief good, will keep on not only
living it but dying it. We civilians talk
much, we almost taiK solely ol our
rights, but in the army it seems that
men talk chiefly of their duties, when
they talk at all. and never of their
rights. These things are true of all
ranks; the ideal is the same from the
private to the general, and it seems to
correct all the mistaken tendencies of
the time before they became soldiers.
II, as nusttin nas lancieu, the army
should ever serve us as the norm of the
civil state, and we should come to have
"soldiers of the plowshare as well as
soldiers of the sword," it might not bo
long before we should be told that it
was against human nature to net sel
fishly, and that to be recreant to the
general welfare in any aim or deed was
to be guilty of conduct unbecoming
citizen and a gentleman. However this
may be, it is certain and it is significant
that those who have attempted to dream
out a future brighter than this present
have always had something like a mili
tary organization in their eyes; but
these visionaries have somehow beheld
little of the gaiety and enjoyment which
are quite as compatible with the per
formance of duties as with the assertion
of rights. W. D. IIpwclls, in Harper's
"I've got it at last," said the fel
b.w who ff und his cough subdued by
Dr. Hull's loU'jfh Syrup.
A man who makes no enemies is
never a positive torce.
Preston's "Hed-Ake" is a specfic
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Do you know that a little eonrh : i dancerniia:
thing ? Are you aware that it often listens on the .
lungs and far too often runs into Consumption and
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tfj Bronchitis, Pneumonia and Consumption will all-
-7 tell you that
. ."ITSTARTED WITH & GOLD.":
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DR. ACKER'S EXCUSE! REMEDY:
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t a day. It will prevent Croup, relieve Asthma and euro Consumption if taken
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The Loatlinjx Companies in lotli lines represented. Ilate
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The Cream of Them All!
, TH6 NSW
Revised and Enlarged.
1288 Pages. Nearly 1000 Illustrations, 6000
Some of the Good Points of the New Dixie :
It ponttiins i;00 pilots more than Practical Hrtusfkt-Ciin.
It rontiiiiiN :i !ill of fart- for every meal of the year, ilircctions for every article on these
hills of fare hciui; irivcn in recipes in this hook.
It i.i full ol iin'tirnl ami ccouoir ical recipes.
It helps housekeepers who need to look after their expenditures,
it Kivis directions in every department of housekeeping.
It telU how to give dinners and refreshments for receptions an i parties.
It make- a dollar brim; its full value in comforts and luxuries.
It tells everything worth knowing about washing and ironing.
It tells how to buy economically and w ith good judgment in the market.
It makes war on waste in every department, of the household.
It tells how to cut up and cure nil kinds of meats. The recipe for brine for corned
beef is worth the price of the book.
It tells young husbands how to carve game, poultry and meals.
It makes even-thing so plain that any girl old enough to undertand English can cook
It has a full department in regard to care of babies and children, with simple treatment
for simple ailments.
It is illustrated on nearly tvery page, the illustrations helping to explain things other
wise hard to understand.
It contains many new things not in any other cook book.
Its article on dress and dress making is practical, and will save rcadeis many dollars.
Its medical department alone is worth the tirice of the hook.
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remedies. Its medical department is tafe to follow and is free from quackery.
It tells fiow to keep well and gives a full chapter to health hints.
It contains :i variety of ways for preparing every article of food in every d:iy use,
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Active Agents Wanted tknIee
Address, R. M. REAMS, Manager
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