Newspaper Page Text
SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE. TENNESSEE. SATURDAY, JUNE 20," 1891.
How to Manage Millet.
Journi'l of Agriculture.
Allow mo to cull the attention of
your readers to the importance of a
crop which may he sown early or late
with just as jjooil success us any other
crop sown or planted at any time.
Such a crop is millet, one of the most
important of our annual grasses. It
may be sown any time in the spring
after the ground gets warm, until the
middle of June, and if the season is
favorable a good crop may be secured
by sowing on wheat ground after
harvest. If from any cause you have
failed to get a good stand of oats, turn
the ground again and sow millet. If,
owing to wet weather or any other
cause, you do not get all your com
planted in time to be reasonably sure
of a good crop, a few acres may be
sown to millet. No atop will pro
duce more feed to the acre. With
this, as with other crops, it is a large
item to have good soil, and it in good
condition; still, if you have poor soil,
millet will do as well on it as wheat
or oats. Plow and harrow the ground
thoroughly ; sow broadcast and cov
er with harrow, drag or brush, very
little covering being necessary. It is
better to sow just al ter a rain; if sown
just before a rain, the ground may
run together and make it difficult, if
not impossible, for the young and
tender plant to get through. The
amount of seed to sow will vary with
the fertility of the soil and the pur
pose for which it is grown-. One-half
buslvcl per acre, on medium noil, is
the A'mount usually sown, and if seed
is the part desired, this is enough;
but if grown for hay, better results
will he secured by increasing the
amount to three pecks, or if the soil
is very rich, to one bushel per acre.
If grown for seed, never cut till fully
ripe, but if grown for hay, cut when
it is in bloom, or very shortly after
wards, as the straw becomes woody
and decreases in nutriment, if allow
ed to ripen; the ripe seed have an un
favorable effect on some kinds of
stock, especially horses and mules.
In either case, care must be taken to
cure thoroughly before stacking. If
there is a heavy crop, this cannot be
done in less than three days, no mat
ter how favorable the weather. Cut
in the morning after the dew goes off
and let it lay till next day; then rake
and put in small cocks and let it
stand two or more days; this is for
good weather. If the weather be
comes unfavorable any time after
cutting, the farmer must exercise his
own judgment as to what is best to
do, as no kind of directions can be
given which will apply to all kinds
of weather. Store away in the barn,
if possible, as it is hard to keep in
good condition when stacked outside,
though not so hard as clover. Millet
is a good, rough feed for any kind of
stock; but it is not advisable to feed
it to horses, unless in very small
quantity, for any considerable length
The Purest and Best
Articles known to medical science
are used in preparing Hood's Sar
saparilla. Every ingredient is care
fully selected, personally examined,
and only the best retained. The
medicine is prepared under the su
pervision of thoroughly competent
pharmacists, and every step in the
process of manufacture is carefully
watched with a view to securing in
Hood's Sarsaparilla the best possible
Strawberries and How to Grow Them.
W. II. Pence, in Ilopkiusville Kentuckian.
Coming at a time of the year when
the human appetite is in its most ca
pricious state, when the long months
of absence of nearly all fresh fruit has
created a peculiar craving for it, the
strawberry fills a want which but for
it would of necessity remain unsatis
fied. Perhaps this want makes it
more highly prized than otherwise it
would be. Still we could not believe
it would take a lower place if it came
at any other season of the year. It is
to fruits what the rose is to flowers,
not so conspicuous, not so hard to
grow, but still the queen. No branch
of Horticulture offers greater induce
ments than strawberries. Thriving
more or less on any soil, still they re
pay high culture as much or more
than any fruit grown. Strawberries
offer to those who grow them em
ployment pleasant, easy, refined and
profitable. No one can toll the pleas
ure there is in watching the plants
from the time they Login growing in
the spring until blooming and from
bloom to the berries, watching almost
every berry to see which w ill make
tho largest one, except those who
As to variety I think they are all
good. I have cultivated them in
hills, matted rows and single plants
in rows and think the latter way the
best, if you want large berries.
I dig trenches twelve to eighteen
inches deep and about eighteen inch
es wide, put in bottom of trench three
or lour inches of manure, then the
same amount of earth, and continue
this to the top of ground, gradually
lessening the manure as the trench is
filled to the top. Put a row of plants
in each, edge of the flllcil trench,
which will make the rows about six
teen inches apart in the rows. After
fruiting first time I would allow only
two runners to each plant, training
them in the row ; this will make the
plants six inches apart for the second
year. Keep all weeds and grass
cleaned out and give them a good
working in the spring, leveling the
ground afterwards with a rake then
put your mulch back and you can ex
pect large fine berries and plenty ot
them. Do not allow any runners this
year (the second.) The third year
after planting take up every other
row of plants and set in new plants
and do this every year after the third,
being careful to take up the rows that
were left the year before. All run
ners should be kept off until the fruit
is ripe and then only allow enough
runners to make young plants to re
An old physician, retired from
Kractice, having had placed in his
ands by an East India missionary
the formula of a simple vegetable
remedy for the speedy and perma
nent cure of Consumption, Bronchitis,
Catarrh, Asthma and all thr at and
Lung Affections, also a positive and
radical cure for Nervous Debility and
all Nervous Complaints, after having
tested its wonderful curative powers
in thousands of cases, has felt it' his
duty to make it known to his suffer
ing fellows. Actuated hy this motive
and a desire to relieve human suffer
ing, I will send free of charge, to all
who desire it, this recipe, in German,
French or English, with full direc
tions for preparing and using. Sent
by mail by addressing with stamp,
naming this paper, V. A. Noyks,
S20 Powers' Block, Rochester, N. Y.
The following paper was read by
Geo. A. Davis at a New York Farm
Since tho first appearance of fruit
to tho present time, the process of
evaporating it has been going on,
nor has this natural evaporation al
ways rotted and destroyed the fruit;
but in many localities, like the
South of Europe or the Italy of our
own country Southern California
it has a finished product that cannot
be equalled by the best 'artificial
It will be of interest to know that
the handsomest dried fruit in Cali
fornia is dried on trays in the sun.
In certain sections the atmosphere is
perfectly dry ; in others, being moist,
evaporators are used, but the results
are not as satisfactory.
It is a singular fact that in locali
ties where Nature cures her fruits
best, she produces them in the great
est abundance. Put while her ways
are worth the time spent in their
study, this paper must speak of
evaporating by artificial methods.
There are a number of patents in
use, and each has its merits. It is
not an easy affair to operate an
evaporator, and keep everything run
ning smoothly and swiftly to the end
of the season, when we take into con
sideration the rotting apples and the
high price paid for them. The com
plicated paring machines are so easily
put out of order that they are a source
The gentleman from whom I
bought my evaporator informed me
that he had heard the call "machine
broke!" so frequently that at night
and for months afterward the cry
rang in his ears, so that he quit the
business principally on account of
this annoyance. When finally we
get the apple pared, cored and trim
med, it is bleached, sliced and spread
on truys to dry. In order to succeed
in producing a fancy article, it is
necessary to subject the green fruit to
a swift moving current of hot air,
and as it begins to dry to gradually
remove from the heat, supplying
fresh fruit in its place. A high tem
perature is greatly to be preferred, as
air holds more moisture when heated.
To illusterate : Air, at the freezing
point absorbs the one hundred and
sixtieth part only of its own weight
of moisture, and every 27th addition
al degree of heat doubles its absorb
ing power. Hence air at 22 degrees
F. will absorb four-fifths of its weight,
while at 24S degrees heated air will
absorb one' and three-fifths of its
weight. Hot air alone will not do.
Fruit will cook in water at 212 de
grees, or bake in an oven at 22o de
grees, but if the Mir circulates fast
enough, the fruit v. ill not cook or
burn or even become heated at the
temperature i,ilicnted by the ther
mometer, even at .!l)0 degrees, for
the evapoiatiou'of water is a cooling
process, The air in motion, together
with the heat, causes the fruit to dry
rapidly. The chemical changes
which belong to truly evaporated
fruit will now begin, and the al
bumen is coagulated precisely the
same as in an egg when boiled. All
the fruit jelly remains in the cells or
is left upon the surface by the evapo
ration of the water in which it was
dissolved. The germs of animal or
vegetable life are destroyed by the
high heat. It is by these changes
and uniting a part of tho water al
ready contained in the fruit with the
starch that the truly evaporated pro
ducts are rendered more wholesome,
more digestible and less perishable,
and consequently more valuable.
In regard to the magnitude of the
apple evaporating business, it is diffi
cult to give exact figures. It amounts
to millions of dollars in the United
States, and the other evaporated fruit
to several millions more; this, too, in
a business that was unknown twenty
years ago. There is but. very little
evaporating dune outside of this
country, except in Canada, and there
the product is not large in ordinary
years. When the apple crop is small
in New York State, many take their
evaporators to Canada. This was
the case during the last season, and
was also the cause of prices on''chups
suddenly dropping in November last.
Most of the 'evaporators in this
State aie in Western New York.
Within a radius of forty miles of
Rochester there are' more than 1500
with varying capacity of from twen
ty-five bushels per day to the large
establishment drying KM I bushels in
The products of the apple evapora
tor are "white stock," "skins and
cores" and "chops." The white
stock is boxed and is known to the
trade as .evaporated apples. The
skins and cores are packed in barrels
and shipped to New York and other
points, where they are used in the
manufacture of jellies and jams. The
so-called chops are whole apples
sliced and dried, packed in sugar bar
rels and exported mostly to France
for champagne cider, but they are al
so used in this country for jelly and
apple-butter. The process of the
manufacture of champagne cider has
never been found out in this country.
Germany takes the largest amount of
evaporated apples which are export
ed; England next; but all countries
take more or less, and many go to
Australia. Germany has issued a de
cree that no evaporated apples be ad
mitted into the country without a
chemist's certificate that they con
tain no zinc poison. The fruit is
evaporated on galvanized iron trays,
and they assert it takes poison from
them. JIow this will affect the fu
ture trade with that country remains
to be seen.
Just as sure as hot weather conies
there will be more or less bowel com
plaint in this vicinity. Every per
son, and especially families, ought to
have some reliable medicine at hand
for instant use in case it is needed. A
25 or 50 cent bottle of Chamberlin's
Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy
is just what you ought to have and
all that you would need, even for the
most severe and dangerous cases. It
is the best, the most reliable and
most successful treatment known and
is pleasant to take. For sale by
Ritchey & Costick, Druggists.
Poisonous Dry Goods.
The British consul at Christiana
in Norway, about four months ago
forwarded a letter calling the atten
tion of the Foreign Office to the fact
that, owing to the English printed
fabrics containing arsenic, there had
been a great decline in the quantity of
such goods imported into Norway,
and the British printed cloths 'were
getting a bad reputation in conse
quence of containing such a large
excess of arsenic. This letter was for
warded to the Manchester Chamber
of Commerce, which procured sam
ples of the goods in question, and
were handed over to Mr. Levinston,
who had the samples examined, and
they were found to contain arsenic in
Megrirnine, the only permanent
cure for all forms of headache and
neuralgia, relieves the pain in from
15 to 20 minutes. Sample free. The
Dr. Whitehall Megrirnine Co., South
Bend, Ind. Sold by W. II. Flem
ing, Druggist, McMinnville, Tenn.
Anil thnce troubled with nervousness resulting
ho'a rit"" or overwork will te relieved by taking
J'roim'a Iron Hitters. Genuina
haa trade mark and croowjj red lines on w rapper.
of the Age.
Purifies the blood, eliminates all poison
ous and dangerous matter, restores the
health, builds up and strengthens the
system, aids digestion, corrects an un
healthy and deranged stomach. A cer
tain cure for all blood and skin diseases;
rheumatism, scrofula, old sores, pimples,
blotches, eruptions, itching humors,
boils, swollen joints, aching bones, sore
eyes, tetter, scald head, dyspepsia, gen
eral debility, tired and sore feeling in the
body and limbs. ....
PRICE, $ 1 .00 PER BOTTLE,
For sale by Druggists.
SPURLOCK, HEAL & CO.
Thousands of dollars worth of
chickens are destroyed by Cholera
every year. It is more fatal to them
than all other diseases combined.
But the discovery of a liquid remedy
that positively destroys the Microbes
has been made. Half of the young
chickens are killed by Microbes
before they are fryers. A 50-cent
bottle is enough for 100 chickens.
It is guaranteed. If, after using
two-thirds of a bottle you are not
satisfied with it as a cure for Chol
era, return it to the druggist from
whom you purchased it, and he will
refund your money.
For Sale by W. H. FLEMING.'
A pamphlet of Information andab-i
kstretoI the laws, Showing How toi
Obtain I'ntcnls. nvent s. Trade?
JAddran fflUNN O. CO.
? New lork.
Caveats, and Trade-Marks obtained, and aU Pat
ent business conducted for Moderatc Frt.
Oun Office is Opposite U.S. Patent Office
and we can secure patent in less time thou those
remote from Washington.
Send model, drawing or photo., with descrip
tion. Wc advise, if patentable or not, freo of
charge. Our fee Dot due till patent la secured.
. A Pamphlet, "How to Obtain Patents," with
Dames of actual clients in your State, county, or
town, sect free. Address,
.Qpp. Patent Office, Washington, D. C
AT.g ' ,f - CjA for Caialofue.
TERRY M'F'G CO.,nashville,tenw.
fflOOO.OO a rnr la bf Inr marie br John R.
Good win, Troy, S.V.f at work for ni. Kaadar,
yon may not irtaaa at mucn, out wa caa
teach yu quickly how to earn from 9? to
f 10 a at the at art, and more aa you ro
on. ' ftjfl Kin, all a area. In any part of
Vmtrica, yoo ran cotnmnra at bnmt, pT
intf all vour time.or iiar momenta onlv to
thfl work. AU U now. tireat iy Kl II K' for
very worker. Va ttart yon, fumUhlrif
1-AK'ni M,A)(S HU K. AtUrraaainnre,
U1J ).. i:i...eaii,'Nl.wowf
Advertising ISurvauiliiSpni.THt i, whr ndvrninlna
OUltacl la- Ui niatla lor H UI Kf W XOIUU
yi " MAGIC V
W CHICKEN A
. Cholera Cur ell
X lUt.t.fai.i ki .i., l I Mikttua.iiuujj
EVERYWHERE FOR THE
Most Widely Known and Fastest Selling
Hook. Printed in liotli i:i;li)i and
riuiui. "I'riK liciil llousi K.
Ins" is so well known tlittt it is unneces
sary to ive 11 leiigthy'deseriplion of what
unites u I lie
Most Desirable and Useful Book,
'hli"( is l.ur.lk' n Aiiaksvil.. i:i...k. ...
, J " M Jlht'i V IU
arise to perplex a llonsWif, whether
"K " which 11 does not UIINWer
such elenr and explicit liinRutie that a
,i vim iiiiuersiiinu unci ionow the Uirec
s. It Is a
Complete C(cmltum of the Home
ver ow paces are devoted to Cookery,
nearly I'OO to misPHllu
-t - - v tiu IIIUIIVI VI
'Practical Housekeeping" is illustrated
il pnntiimc CUU T : i i
fulgent ii iv utiuiiu in
lift tlllt it .n!l.l 1. ....... I...
----- , , w ...... i. nwnc! IV liltl V VV
washed without injury. Red Edges.
crniB mm descriptive circulars will b
t free to nnv mMroua r v..
Territory ? Address,
818 Elm St. DALLAS. ri.is
Sole General Agent for Southern States.
THE OLD RELIABLE.
Little Rock & Memphis
ARKANSAS, TEXAS Hi CALIFORNIA
Shortest, Quickest and Best Route
TO AND FROM ALL l'OIXTS IX
Arkansas, Texas and California.
Parlor Coaches, rullmaii Reclining
Chnir nnd Bullet Sleeping: Cars, Run-
Memphis and Tezarkana, via Brink-
ley and Cotton Belt Eonte.
DOUBLE DAILY TRAIN'S
TLi: ROCK ar.d MEMPHIS, making clow
v..ii.irruuii ui oicmpius Willi daily Jltic of
To New York
Via LOUISVILLE and CINCINNATI, and
with Through Pullman Sleepers to
WASHINGTON AND NEW YORK,
Via CHATTANOOGA and BRISTOL.
Woodruff a rullninu Buffet Sleeping
Cars on nil night trains between Mem
phis nd Lillle Rock.
SHORTEST AND QUICKEST ROUTE
from all South-eastern points to the cele
brated Hot Springs of Arkansas,
The World's Great Sanitarium.
Excursion Tickets on Sale the Year
For further information address,
CIIAS. A. JOSEPII,Trav., Fgt. & Pas. Agt.,
II. H. MORRISON,
Gen. Freight and Ticket Agent,
Little Rock, Aek.
East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Ry.
NEW TIME TO FLORIDA.
3 Dally Trains.
CHATTANOOGA TO ATLANTA.
Oi-t. Ill, 1M10.
No. 11. No. 18. No. 0. No. 8.
l.v. UnMl Station .
Lv. C-ntMl St&tion
r. ATLANTA . .
Lv. Atlanta . . . .
Ar. M f on . . . .
(S. r.V. Hy.)
Ar. VvaYCROSS ..
Ar. JACK VILLE .
8. so .m.
0 .45 p m
10. so p.m.
IE. T. V. & C. Ry.)
Lv J hal l . . . .
Ar. Brmnwlck . . .
h.X W. Ky.)
Lv. I HSt'P
Ar. &.ivinnali . . .
G ro .m
7 5r m.
1 40 a.m
(S. F. KW. Kv.)
Lv. WAYCROS. .
t. Thoinasvilk . .
10.0c a.m.i .
i.4flp m. .
F.. T. V. S: G. Ry.ij
4.00 p.m. 'n. to a.m. B.p-in.
Srp m.iia.izp.m.l $.40 p.m.
e.06 p.m. 13.41 P m. 10. 10 p.m.
fi.inm ! loftnm 'toltn.BV
r. Hlurlton . . .
r. 1'i'vlmont . .
(Trl-tfirl . .
Vr. Atiniitnn . .
Vr. Till.vhif.i . .
Ar. Cil n ...
Ar. Sl:l.MA . . .
(M.'A II. RyT
l.v. S-lm ....
Ar. Mt. V'rr.on ,
Vr. MilllM.R . .
' T.azpni. p m.'NMg p.m.
1 8.49p m. 1 m. 11 4 P m.
I 4 vsi) in. I 5 -m.
I I 6.40 p.m. I 1 a.m.
' 1 4-r p.m. I jwim.
1 ji'.iia a.n. 6 45 a.m.
I j a. 10 a.m. lo.w a m.
THROUGH CAR ARRANGEMENTS.
No. 6 rarrtca Pullman BurT?t Sli-pinp Car Cincinnati o
No 1, . arriet Pul'.m.in Iluff-t "lep'i . Car Ch.ittjnouga ta
N". IV cirri Pullmin n.iff-t iTT'in t"r- Clwrtinoofra pi
rVtn.u:i, anil Taxman C.ui"rimit ' ir AUn' to Mrun1. !'
0. W. WRENN,
.-n'nl P1.1. Si Tku Agt.
Subscribe for the STANDARD.