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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE. TENNESSEE.- ATUR I ) AY, JULY 4, 1891
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
13. 2v. HE-lvilS, .
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
Oue Year $1 00
Six Months 50
Three Months 25
OUR AGENTS. , . . ,
The following agents. are authorized to
eceive and receipt for subscriptions to the
P. 0. POTTEli..... ;....Dibrell,Teun.
GEO. W. PARKS Irving College, "
J. R. RAMSEY Viola, "
T. B. BILES Sparta, '
JNO. ARGO Morrison, "
W. A. MOORE .Rock Island, "
We do not publish annonymous commu
nications under any circumstances. The
real name of the author must accompany
every communication, or else it will be con
signed to the waste basket. We do not pub
lish the names of correspondents, but want
them simply as a guarantee of good faith.
All calls on candidates, obituaries, trib
utes of respect, etc., are charged for a ad
vertising matter. . Simpleannouncements of
deaths, marriages, etc., will be published
without charge, and our friends all over the
county will confer a favor by furnishing us
with such as soon after their occurence as
A very small sin obscures a
Tiie American now places the date
of the extra session sometime in Au
gust. The Governor yet remains to
be heard from on the subject.
State officials of California refuse
to pay over the $300,000 voted by the
Legislature of that State for an ex
hibit at the World's Fair, claiming
that the appropriation was unconsti
tutional. There is at present a flattering
prospect for another immense cotton
crop in the South this year, and it is
not improbable that the price of this
staple may fall to five or six cents
The summary of McDowell's ex
posure which the Sparta Expositor
credits to the Standard should be
credited to the Nashville American.
We clipped it from the American
and gave that paper due credit.
The American notes the rumor
that a son of Marshal Ney lives at
Jasper, and thinks the ten lost tribes
of Israel will yet be discovered some
where in Sequatchie Valley. Who
knows but that the ark of the cove
nant may be stored away in some of
its wonderful caves.
In the event that New York does
not present a candidate for the Speak
ership, it is said that the entire New
York delegation in Congress will sup
port Benton McMillin. Mills, Crisp
and McMillin will all speak before
the Tammany Democrats in New
York today. Judging from Newspa
por comment, McMillin appears to
have a decided lead in 'the speaker
.ship race'at present.
As President of the State Far
mers' Alliance, before his nomina
tion for Governor, Mr. John P,
Buchanan advocated the sub-treasury
scheme in public speeches over the
State. Since he was nominated for
Governor by a Democratic conven
tion he has artfully dodged the ques
tion, leaving the people of the State
in doubt as to his position on the
measure. The people have a right
to demand of any public servant an
expression of his views on any public
luestion. The demand has been
made on Gov. Buchanan, and the ex
pression has failed to enlighten them,
consequently the adverse criticisms
.upon him, and they will continue
as long "as he may remain iti public
life," or until he speaks out boldly
like a man and a true Democrat.
Ouu friend of the Carthage Kecord
judges the Alliance altogether from
its original declaration of principles,
from the theory of the organization,
and from what it should be. We
judge the Alliance from its fruits,
and view the organization in the light
of what it really is a secret politica
organization bent upon rule or ruin
( )f course, looking at an object from
sucn wuteiy divergent points, it is
but natural that we should obtain
very diiferont views. The llecord
has finespun theories and pretty pro
fessions upon which to base its sup
port of the Alliance. Our criticisms
are based upon the actual facts of its
workings as it dark-lantern politica
machine. We believe the great bulk
of membership in the Alliance are
honest in believing that the order i
non-partisan and just in its political
workings, but the order is controled
iiiul its influence for good or bad is
weilded almost entirely by it few
such unscrupulous leaders is Mo
Powell and Macune. The leaders of
the Alliance are appealing to and
working upon the prejudices of the
membership, and are multiplying
their troubles instead of alleviating
The Era thinks that whatever the
outcome of the McDowell exposure,
no censure can be attached to the Al
liance or to Gov. Buchanan's admin
istration. That depends entirely up
on the course the Alliance and Gov.
Buchanan pursue with McDowell
in future. McDowell should be given
ample time and opportunity" to' dis
prove the American's charges. The
American has Invited and implored
him to go into the courts and settle
the matter. This is his only recourse.
If the American's charges are true,
McDowell Is unworthy of the position
he holds in the State and the Alliance,
and should be invited to step down
and out. Should the Governor and
the Alliance attempt to whitewash
and uphold McDowell, then they
will share the odium that rests upon
him. McDowell has not only his
Arkansas record to clear up, but some
infamous double dealing within the
ranks of the Alliance regarding Ma
Who is "the democratic household
of Tennessee?" What are they dis
turbed about? What has John Buch
anan done, as the Chief Executive of
the State, that so disturb them. New
The one hundred and sixty thous
and or more Democratic voters of the
state are its Democratic household.
In 1884 Bate received for Governor
132,201 votes; in 1886 R. L.. Taylor
received 120,528; in 1888 It. L. Tay-
or received 156,803; in 1890 J. P.
Buchanan received 113,431, or 43,372
ess than Taylor in his last race.
Buchanan was the champion and
candidate of the Alliance. This or
ganization put a catechism to every
candidate lor Congress, and when
Democrats put the same questions to
Mr. Buchanan, he wiggled, twisted,
and dodged them. While all promi
nent Democrats and office holders of
the State are speaking out on the
sub-treasury heresy, Mr. Buchanan is
as mum as a clam. Fortunately for
Mr. Buchanan the Republicans had a
platform which also drove a large
portion ot that party from the polls.
Had Baxter polled within twenty
thousand voters of his party's
strength in the State he would have
been governor. Thousands of Demo
crais wno voted lor uucnanan aid so
very reluctantly. The canvass was
absolutely devoid of the enthusiasm
and good will which usually follows
our candidates for Governor, and
Buchanan's election was due to great
er apathy and dissentions in Republi
can ranks than existed among the
Democrats. The rumblings of dis
turbance in the party ranks have cer
tainly been too continuous and omi
nous to have altogether escaped the
arguseyo ot the .bra. we didn't
think "the old reliable" would ad
mit such obtuseness in anything.
We fail, to see the point of the
Era's labored effort at "sarkasm" this
week. We thought the Era assumed
to be the only great and old reliable
Democratic organ in this section of
the state, and did not think that it
could be induced for a moment to
voluntarily surrender any ot this re
splendant glory. The Standard
has never claimed or assumed any ol
the prerogatives of party leadership.
We have not even presumed to ad
vise party action. One thing we do
claim, however, viz: We do our own
thinking, and the editor of the
Standard writes its editorials,
without advice of either leaders
or followers of Democracy, nation
al, state or local. We are not arro
gant enough to claim any brilliancy
or merit for them; we claim nothing
for them but honest expressions of
our own opinions. We take the Era's
failure to answer any of our ques
tions regarding free coinage as a tacit
admission of its inability to do so.
The artful manner in which the Era
and all other advocates of free coin
age which we have read after dodge
the question as to why silver should
be coined free at fifteen ortwenty per
cent above its bullion value,is enough
within itself to condemn the measure
in our mind. If the Era is really
anxious to make friends for the
cause of free coinage, it appears to us
that it would be better policy to con
vince us of the error of our way, if we
are in error, by reasonable argument
or plain statements of facts, rather
than launch a column of poorly con
cealed chagrin and ill nature at us in
the shape of meaningless thrusts not
applicable to us or to the question
Sure cure Preston's "Hed-Ake."
But, does the Standard deny that
some legislation is necessary for the
relief of the people? Does the Stand
ard maintain that there is now suffi
cient money in circulation to meet
the demands of business? If affirma
tive, in either case, what plans would
the Standard suggest? The democ
racy of the county, and people gener
ally, would like to hear from the
"leader." New Era.
First, the Standard does not de
ny that some legislation is necessary
for the relief of the people, and sec
ond, the Standard does not main
tain that there is now sufficient mon
ey in circulation to meet the de.
mands of business; but we do as
sert that no amount of legislation can
bring such relief as some people seem
ta expect, and we do maintain that
no amount of increase of money in
circulation will fill the pockets of peo
ple who do not do something or pro
duce something to earn the money.
We maintain that there is no hope
for the necessary legislation for the
relief of the people through a third
party, or through such aecret politi
cal organizations as the Alliance. We
maintain that only through the Dem
ocratic party can the people hope for
legislation necessary for their relief.
We believe that when a Democratic
administration comes into full power
all the legislation that can bring re
lief will be given. We believe that
a large element of our population
who are idly holding their hands and
looking to legislation for relief will
go down to their graves in bitter dis
appointment, as the relief they seem
to expect can never come from legis
lation. We believe with a large ele
ment of the Democrats of McMinn
ville, Warren County, the State of
Tennessee, and the United States,
(whether a majority or not yet re
mains to le proven,) that the free
and unlimited coinage of silver will
fail to produce the desired increase in
money circulation, and that it would
bring dire disaster to the very people
who are crying for relief. We be
lieve that tariff reform is the great
issue before the country, and that the
silver question will cut a small figure
n the campaign of ninety-two. We
are willing to leave the silver ques
tion to the wisdom of a Democratic
administration elected upon a plat
form of tariff reform, meanwhile we
think it right and proper that the sil
ver question should be fully discussed
by the people and by public journals.
All the light possible should be turn
ed upon every phase of it, and if af
ter due consideration free coinage be
deemed a wise measure, let the law
be enacted, if deemed unwise, let it
be abandoned. We believe that the
masses should be encouraged in self
reliance and sterling manhood, and
not taught to whine and complain
over wrongs and misfortunes, either
real or imaginary.
The Blue and the Gray.
Kansas City, June 26. A
ment has been inaugurated
novel military company, intended to
be one of the military features of the
World's Fair. The Company is to be
called Company A, First Regiment,
United Blue and Gray. It is to be
composed of fifty ex-Union- and fifty
ex-Confederate veterans, the former
uniformed in blue and the latter in
The company is now nearly full,
ana the otneers nave been elected, as
follows: W. F. Wilkins, Captain; an
ex-Union soldier of Company C, 12oth
Illinois. John T. Ebbe, First Lieu
tenant; an ex-Confederate and mem
ber of Old Joe Shelby's famous bri
gade. John Pigeon, Second Lieuten
ant; an ex-Union veteran, who fought
in the Twelfth Michigan. Joseph
M. Hassett, Orderly Sergeant; an ex-
Confederate, who served in the secret
service all through the war.
The People Hate a Coward.
In a letter defining his position
against the alliance sub-treasury
scheme, and giving his reasons for
opposing it. Ex-Governor Taylor
says in the closing paragraph',:
"I fear that some of our democratic
leaders right nere in lennessee are
hiding from these questions. If
could get their ears I could unfold to
them a secret. I could tell them that
the people hate a coward. The
farmers would not give a snap of
their finger for a public servant who
has not the courage of his convic
tions. Neither would the labor
unions. Neither would any other
clement of their constituents.
think it tune mat those who are oc
cupying high offices by the gift of
the democracy of Tennessee were
taking position publicly. So far as
am concerned, I propose to live i
democrat; and I shall henceforth op
pose any man who reluses to exrress
himself upon vital public questions.'
Iloavy Business Failures.
New York, June .10. The busi
ness failure for the first six months
of the present year are reported by It.
G. Dun A Co. to number (5,074,
against 5,585 during the same period
in 1890. The increase of 68!) failures
is unusually large. The extent of the
liabilities is also excessive.the amount
owing by the parties who have failed
in 1891, footing up to $'.12,000,000,
while for the same period in lS'J'j it
was only $65,000,000, indicating an
increase in liabilities of $27,000,000.
Notwithstanding the extreme extent
of these casualties and other adverse
circumstances, the reports from all
portions of the country indicate a
fairly healthy condition of trade,
and excellent prospects in view of
the large increase of wealth from
growing crops and active industrial
Bound and About.
Parnell, the Irish leader, was mar
ried to Mrs. O'Shea on Thursday of
Work was commenced on the first
of the World's Fair buildings at Chi
cago last Friday. -
By a collision of freight trains near
Jefferson, Texas.a tramp and 25 head
of cattle were killed last Friday.
Wm. McPherson, Alabama's old
est citizen, died at Talladege last Sat
urday, at the age of 100 years.
I rancis Murphy, the famous tem
perance lecturer, had his nose broken
in a railroad accident in Montana last
The Harvard crew won the Univer
sity boat race over the Yale men last
Friday. Yale had been the winner
for five successive previous years.
A pleasure party of three young
adies and two men, out on the Ohio
river in a yawl, near Cincinnati, were
drowned one night last week.
A fire in a lumber yard at Colquet,
Minn., last Friday destroyed 25,000,-
000 feet of dry lumber. Loss esti
mated at half a million dollars.
A company of New York and
Southern capitalists, with a capital
of $1,000,000, has been formed to cul
tivate a farm of 112,000 acres in Flor
ida. Five hundred people at Cherokee,
Iowa, were rendered homeless by the
floods of last week, and an appeal to
the country for aid has been made in
A complete distillery aparatus
with a capacity of only three gallons,
designed to be operated on an ordina
ry cooking stove, was seized by reve
nue officials in Georgia last week.
The bodies of the nineteen Ameri
can sailors who lost their lives in the
great storm at Samoa a year or more
ago, reached California last week,and
were buried at the Mare Island navy
The body of Gen. Stonewall Jack
son was removed one night last week
from the grave in the city cemetery
of Lexington, Va., and placed in the
vault of a monument now being
built to his memory in that city.
John Bardsley, Philadelphia's de
faulting treasurer, has been sentenced
to 15 years solitary confinement in
the penitentiary and to pay a fine of
over two hundred thousand dollars.
In addition to this his sureties will
have to pay as much more.
Lightning struck a powder house
four miles from Galveston, Texas,
last Friday, and exploded 2,000 kegs
of powder. The concussion caused
the explosion of two other powder
houses, and a fireworks magazine
The explosions caused a general shak-
inar ud of the city of Galveston. A
number of persons were injured.
There are "best farmers" in every
farm community; men who under
stand the business
properly. It will
and attend to it
pay the less ex
to find out how
these men are conducting their work.
A really eood farmer, as a rule, is
gratified to be recognized as such by
his neighbors and will cheerfully give
them the benefit of hi3 experience.
A Well of Frozen Air.
Near Dayton, Ga., there ia a well
!x:ally known aathe " well of frozen air. "
In drilling the well a stratum of frozen
clay and gravel was encountered at a
depth of 55 feet. After passing through
five feet of this numerous cavities were
encountered from which cold air came in
rnists. The escape of the air from the
well can be heard roaring for nearly 00
yards. The air which comes from the
subterranean deptlis is so frigid that it w
uot possible for any one to hold his hand
over the opening for more than two
minutes without having it frozen. A
bucket of water set over the opening will
freeze through and through within a few
hours. It is needless to add tlmt work
was abandoned on the well wli-ni the
cavities of "frozen air" were-tapptd.
Tliis line vounij stallion will stand the
resent season at Kwing Grizzle's stable in
Pleasant Cove, 1) miles East of McMinnville,
ami will serve mares at $7.!0 to insure live
colt, payable when colt is foaled or property
All poNslble cure will ba tuken to
prevent incidents, but no lia
bilily for mi j- that limy occur.
. DESCRIPTION and PEDIGREE :
I'LKET is a dark bay, of fine form and .
imb, 16 bauds hinh. G vears old and weiirlm
1200 younds. He combines both saddle and
harness qualities to a remarkable degree.
FLEET wag sired by Granville P., 1st dam,
ausie, a mare sirert by f reach's Morgan
torse; 2 J Dam, Nellie, sired bv a thorough
ired Kentucky trotter, Old Pilot; 3d Dam
as prown mare oy a Murmon norsej 4tli
'am. a mare sired uv Pen Lane's imnorted .
race horse, Felix Grundy.
Season to begin March 20th, and end Jul v
1523.00 IS ritKMIl)MS-S7.30for best
lorse colt, $5.00 for second best: $7.60 for
iest mare colt, $5.00 for second best. We
rill pay the above premiums on Fleet'scolts
f this year's get, to be shewn on Square in
tcMinnville the 1st Monday in Sept. 1892.
F. S. & EWING GRIZZLE,
THIS fine Imported Jack will make the
present season at Smartts Station, and
be allowed to serve mares at the low price of
&S.OA to insure.
is blrk with mealy points, 14 handshigh,
extiu longand heavy, with fine large bone,
nud a splendid foal getter.
All Hcrideuts at owncjs' risk.
F G. SMARTT & CO.
FINE SHOW CASES.
Kftolt for catalogue.
TERRY M'F'G CO., Nashville. Ten.
A T F A IS f 1 utirl rtW to r.rlf y
teMcti nil)' iulcll infill irritti ofeillier
rx, wliot'Mii rrmt urn! Hrit. and who,
nOt-r fnfctnu tioit,v ill work iiiluairtouijr,
how to ran: Ihrr Tk-Miiirtd I r m
Year in (lielrdwn loralitie,w In tvver tUvy live.l will alto furnlih
the altuatittn orinplojmirnt,at nhlc li you ran ram that amount.
No money fur mouiileaa iucccMful ai above. Kily und quick!
learned. I deair hut one w orker fnmi each diMrii-'t or county, "i
have already taught ami pruvhM wiLfc eniI mtnl a lirpe
number, who ire ma k lug over fSMH a tear each. It'iIVKW
and NOI.llt. Full narticulam Fit KF, Addrea at onct,
C, Atl.K.X, liox 40, AiitfiiBtu, Alulae
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FLOUR PEED MILLS,
Hanta toa County, Ism.
J. W. Johnson,
These mills aro fitted up with the latent
improved Roller Process Machinery, and
are prepared to do the very best class of
merchant and custom work. Mr. J. W.
Johnson, the niilkr, has bad long experi
ence. 1 have recently built a lare addi
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tnkeall wheat ottered at the Highest Cash
Price. Cuxtom solicited and fullest .satis
SYLVESTER BROWER, Prop'r.