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SOUTHERN STANDARD MMINNVILLE. TENNESSEE. SATURDAY, JULY 18, 1801.
THE FARMER ON TOP.
A New Era Coming. Consumption
jwill Soon Press upon Production
Our Grunge Homes.
When the chief evil of the genera
tion of producers now passing away
has been that of over-production,
resultiug in destruction of profit, it
would indeed be a revolution of vast
import if the coming generation of
producers were able to grow only just
enough to meet the demand, and be
enormously enriched thereby. So
says Erastus Wiman in the North
American lleview for July, adding:
To begin to talk about a possible
limit to production seems a startling
i.-hange In conditions, and yet it is a
fact that the power of consumption of
food products has caught up to the
power of production.
Mr. Wiman shows that while the
whole country has increased In popu
lationover 26 per cent, the cities have
grown over 45 per cent, while the
farming population has increased
only 14 per cent. The disparity be
tween 14 and 45 per cent is so great
that a moment's reflection will show
its deep significance in relation to the
production and consumption of food.
But in addition to the great increase
in the demand for produce, impliec
by the growth of cities and towns, he
shows that there stalks into sight an
apparation, in the shape of another
condition, unexpected and startlin
rnt it .
.mis is noining more or less man a
realization of two important facts : 1
the extent of the exhaustion of arable
soils. 2. Tho hardly realizable cir
cumstance that no more new wheat
lands remain unoccupied in the
We condense the remainder of his
article as follows: Perhaps the most
striking sign of the exhaustion of
soils on the one hand, and the rapid
occupancy oi uinus on ine outer, is
found in connection with the produc
tion of wheat and its steady northern
tread, until now half the continent is
fed by supplies from the northern
most states. The reader will confirm
this by his or her own experience, in
realizing the simple circumstance
that the bread habitually served for
meals in the household comes from
-Minnesota or Dakota, or from u re
gion quite as far away. Why an ar
i ! I . . I A 1 l.rt
iicie so essential to numan me as
wheat and Hour, which should be
furnished at a cost so free from uu
necessary cnarges, anu wnicn is in
universal use in quantities so vast,
should be subjected to a charge for
freightage averaging from 1,000 to
2,000 miles, is a problem that can be
answered only by the statement that
it can not be produced with profit
With the growth in. the consump
tion of bread the immediate power to
produce it in numerous wide locali
ties does not keep pace; even in
wheat-growing areas the increase is
in meagre proportion to the number
of mouths to be filled. The limita
tions in area are within sight; the
power of production is known; but
the increase in the number to con
sume is without limit. If it goes on
in the next fifty years as in the last
half-century, there are children now
living who will see the population of
this country from one hundred and
fifty to two hundred million of peo
ple, who will derive their bread from
an area that even now has reached
the northern boundary and is begin
ning to realize for its food output
prices far in CKcess of what a brief
period ago were possible.
The rapidity with which farms
were taken up and the spare land oc
cupied between 1870 and 1880 has
been the cause of the depression
which so universally prevailed
among the fanner class. Excessive
competition was its curse, and over
. production the cause of the low prices
and the destruction of its profit. This
is shown by tho fact that for the
fourteen years ending with 1SS5 the
cultivated area 6fthe United States
increased 112 per cent, while the
population increased but 4 I per cent.
Hut the rate per cent of yearly in
crease of cultivated area in 1875 was
S.l. This has been steadily re
ducing uniu m js'jo mere was an in
crease of only 1.1 per cent.
Apparent facts do hot justify the
conclusion that hereafter foreign
sources of supply will largely in
fluence cither out-put, or prices. In
deed, tho action t of almost all the
European cui'.ntric's indicates a great
anxiety in regard to this question of
food products, in the face of increase
of population and extreme narrow
ness of cultivable area.
In the dirndl' from lTo to IsSO the
wheat areas of the world Increased
twenty-two millions of acres, of
which the United States contributed
nineteen millions. In the decade
lrom 1880 to 1800 the wheat areas of
tne worln increased only five mil
lions of acres, to which the United
States contributed not an acre.
Meanwhile the population of
the bread-eating world in-.
creased 11 per cent, and goes on in
creasing irrespective of the fact that
the land which can crow grain at
previous prices is well nigh exhaust-
ed so far as relative increase is con
cerned. Take, for instance, the popu
lation of India. It is said to be in
creasing three times as fast as its cul
tivable area, and although its exports
rose In seventeen years from 500,000
bushels to 41,000,000 bushels in 1S87,
the Increase, it is believed, has reach
ed its limit.
Grouping the Increase In the eight
leading countries in the old world
shows an addition of over 76,000,000
of lives to be sustained by food got
frqm the ground without anything
like corresponding increase in either
cultivable area or in its productive
It is ulain that tho possibility of
prices remaining at a low ebb is past.
It is clear, therefore, that the farmer
hereafter will realize a fair product
uuon his operations. The extent of
his loss by low prices and the extent
of his gain by high prices may be
judged by the advance to be realized
in these different conditions. Thus
n 1S75 the average price in gold of
English grown wheat in the markets
of Great Britain was $1.64 per bushel
During the five years ending w
188!) it was i)5 cents per bushel. In
other words, there was a difference
Of 6!) cents, equal to a decline of 42
per cent in. the income of every
wheat producer. It is true that this
difference may not be immediately
made up, but all the signs are in fa
vor of dollar wheat at the farm and,
if anything, above that sum.
As wheat rises or falls all other
food products increase or decline, and
if a gain of forty per cent in the rise
of wheat is promised to the farmer it
may be relied upon that this relative
gain is likely to pervade all his crops.
An increase equal to forty per cent in
the paying power of the farmer of
North America will make a greater
economic revolution than lias ever
yet been wftnessed. The change will
put the American fanner on top. It
will make him, of all classes in the
world, the most prosperous. He will
be the most independent, most intel
ligent and most prosperous producer
of his period, and by organization
and a reasonable control of politics,
he will probably dictate thefiscal pol
icy of the nation. Having attained
prosperity by the operation of natur
al laws, he will abandon the absurd
theories under which, in the days of
his depression, some of his represen
tatives sought relief; and it will not
be surprising if he reaches the conclu
sion that the least interference with
trade, the least taxation, and the
least legislation will be the popular
movement, setting in as a reaction
ary sentiment from that which has
But with the improved condition
of the farmer, a larger demand will
exist for all classes of goods. Every
farmer's wife will be able to anord a
silk dress; 'every fanner's daughter
will have an elaborate trousseau.
Fiom ploughs to pianos, from bug
gies to books, the range will include
all articles for farm life for which a
new demand will be stimulated by a
new ability to " buy and to pay,
There will, doubtless, therefore, be
felt throughout the country a new
thrill of industrial activity,as the nec
essary reflection of tho enhanced
prosperity of the greatest and. most
worthy group of growers that the
world has ever seen.
Why Parming Doesn't Pay.
Cor. Country Gentleman.
From all over New England and
the Middle States I hear the cry that
farming doesn't pay; I read it in the
papers; ministers manage to have a
little to say about it in their Sunday
sermons; city merchants discourses
on the subject; I hear it discussed and
expounded in our village store, on
the cars, at town meetings, and even
at public funerals until it would seem
that the idea was founded on facts.
Let us look the situation square in
the face. . Why doesn't farming pay
in New England? To the observant
man there is hut one practical an
swerunadulterated laziness, indif
ference and lack of effort. Now I
know, in making this statement, that
it will make some farmers "kick like
steers," for the reason that it knocks
the skin off the most tender spot of
their disposition, but kick as much as
they will they can't kick high
enough to knock the truth out of this
statement; their extra exertion
would better be spent on Jtheir
land. For more than twenty years I
have observed that not one farmer in
ten puts his whole energy, time and
thought into his busirress. 1 will
make the broad assertion that but one
farmer in ten devotes half his time,
force or brains to the development
and success of his calling. Is this not
an all-sufticient reason why farming
doesn't pay? What merchant, finan
cier, railroad manager or other busi-
ness man would for one moment
think his affairs could continue to
prosper and retain the income they
should if he adopted such a course,
and devoted but a small portion of
his time and thoughts to his affairs?
Any mercantile agency will supply
the information at once, that such a
course would result in disaster, fail
ure and a general wreck of such a
man's business. How can much dif
ferent results be expected from the
men who are engaged in agriculture
and follow such a course and still
they do, thoughtlessly perhaps.
One has only to visit a country vil
lage any day in the year, no matter
how busy the season, to find lots oj
these farmers who "can't make the
farm pay" sitting in a grocery store
or at the postoftice discussing their
sad situation. One has only to visit
the homes of these same tillers of the
soil (?) some stormy day to find all
the men folks gathered around the
kitchen fire and having a real good
time. It storms a little and they
can't work; nothing to do indoors or
under cover, of course. In many
cases a visit on any pleasant day will
find them industriously engaged in
"resting" under the shade ot some
trees. Ite.ling from what? Their
ibors, you will think, perhaps. Oh,
no, simpiy resting ircm mo enoiis
made to set themselves at work.
Many of their days are somelhin
like this: They are up bright and
early and stir up everybody else, es
pecially the women folks, so as to
have breakfast underway. No
thought has been taken or plans
made what they shall -do on that
day. They are going to dash right
in at something "hit or miss." But
they can't do much until breakfast is
off their minds and into their stom
achs. Then they are ready but hold
on! the harnesses are broken and
the plow or cultivator needs a little
repairing. These, of course, must be
fixed. "Didn't have time the last
showery day, as we were needed
around the store." After an hour
spent in fixing things right, or about
so, they are ready for the field, but
just then a neighbor farmer (whose
farm "doesn't pay") drives up, says
he is going up to the corner, and in
vites his friend to go along. "Well,
that corn needs cultivating bad, but
I guess it will keep until this after
noon," is the reply, and off they go,
and away goes a forenoon. They
are generally pretty sure to get home
to dinner, and are then ready lor a
good afternoon's work, but when they
go to the stable to "hitch up" they
A lanrwiciv tYiiinVi in ihar Qlirrrtao
that the grain for the team is all out.
This will never do, for "if my team
is going to work (?) they must have
their grain;" so the old mare is hitch
ed into wagon instead of the cultiva
tor, and away they go to town for
this bag of grain, and away goes the
afternoon. Nothing done; nothing
accomplished all day; twenty-four
hours lost. At night this farmer is
'as tired as a uog, anu his poor
wife's sympathy is aroused to the
highest degree for the many hours
John has to work and the poor re
turns he receives for his labors.
This is no fancy sketch, but the
plain matter-of-fact English of -it, as
any thinking, observing man will
testify, and it leads Us to this conclu
sion that any farmer who will de
vote the labor, energy hnd mind to
his business that we find displayed
by men in other occupations, will in
return receive a fair compensation
and profit for game, his property im
proves from year to year, he will be
the recipient of a good living (all any
one can really have,) and will find
that farming in New England and
the Middle States does pay a fair
compensation for such efforts.
Gkoiwje Q. Dow
Rockingham Co., N. II.
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J Cholera Cure!
Thousands of dollars worth oi
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But the discovery of a liquid remedy
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Caveat!), and Trade-Marks obtained, and all Pat
cnt budiniMg conducted for Moderate Fieb.
oiiq o-rtct is Opposite U. S. PTtiTOrrice
ana we can eccure patent In less time Uiau tnouc
remote from Waphlnirton.
Solid mod(l. ilmwinff fr ftfinta.. with dpflcrin
tion. Wo advise. If patentable or not, free of
cnariro. uur lee not due uu patent la secured.
A Pamphlet. "How to Obtain Patents." with
names of actual clif nts in your State, county, or
town, sent rree. Address,
Opp. Patent Office, Washington, O. C.
Hnnit pstore fixtures.
CyAik r Catalogue.
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TALTY 5s "WILEY,
81 Klin St., DALLAS. TEXAS,
Sole Ueneral Agents for Southern States.
THE OLD HE LT ABLE.
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East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Ry.
NEW TIM 12 TO FLORIDA.
3 Dally Trains.
CHATTANOOGA TO ATLANTA.
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n. 11. No. 18. No. 0. No. 8.
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I 7 7 p. m.i i. ; tn.
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