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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCM1NNVILLE, TENNESSEE. SATURDAY, SEPT 19,1801.
before severe winter weather set in.
This gain wifh other animals is as
advantageous. John M. Stahl.
Adams Co, III.
Cor. Country Gentleman,
There is a point in feeding, con
sideration of which at this time
would increase materially the profits
of not n few of us who flatter our
selves that we are good farmers. A
railroad trip of above four hundred
miles this week gave me opportunity
to observe several things connected
with farming, and among them the
condition ot farm animals. I am
safe in saying that two-thirds of the
cows I saw are not paying for their
feed and keep; and that of growing
animals, or rather animals of a grow
ing age, two-thirus are making no
gain in fact, of these twothirds, at
least one-half are actually losing in
flesh. Now, while in some cases this
condition exists, and in other cases it
is aggravated by a drouth unusual
even to this season of the year, and
while my observations were confined
to Western and Southern Illinois,
observations in the past justify me in
saying that practically, throughout
the Union, the condition that I have
just stated exists at this season in
four years out of five. Quite fre
quently one sees the young animals
of prosperous farmers standing still,
or even actually losing flesh, in Au
gust and September; and it is certain
ly flattering testimony in favor of
farming that men cao make money
when handling farm animals in this
way. The reader need not be told
that to allow growing animals to
lose flesh, or even to stand still, is
wasteful of profit; this has been so
clearly demonstrated, and the
demonstrations have been so often
published, that there is no need to
argue the point.
The remedy for this waste of profit
is plain enough it is to begin fall
feeding earlier. In fact fall feeding
should begin early enough to be
termed midsummer feeding. We
entertain the idea that we should
give extra pasture feed only when
the pastures have almost altogether
failed. The truth is, that we should
begin the outside feeding as soon as
the pastures have so far failed that
there is a slackening in the gain of
the animals. The pastures will fail
in quality before they do in quantity,
and outside feed should.be given be
fore there is an apparent lack of
quantity of grass. If the reader who
has not heretofore begun extra feed
ing until his animals have made no
gain, and perhaps have lost flesh for
two months, will begin feeding ex
tra at once, he will be so well pleased
with the results, if he uses the scales
carefully, although he sacrifices some
of his field corn in order to begin
leeaing at this time, that next year
he will make provision to begin ex
tra feeding at a date so early that the
steady gain of growing animals will
not be at all checked.
'j. he eany leeuing may lead to an
other early feeding, equally as im
portant and profitable. During the
cold months, by far the greater part
of farm animals put on the market
during the year, are got ready for
market. The stockman has found a
certain weight desirable for animals
put on the market. Take, for an
illustration,the hog. The most prof
itable hog weighs somewhere near 250
pounds gross when thoroughly faU
tened. To get this weight, the aver
age hog-raiser must feed a spring pig
to near the holidays, or perhaps a
little past. The result is a rush of
swine to market at this time, leading
, often to a glut and lower price. But
even though prices were not lowered,
it would be more profitable to get
the hog to market earlier, if the
proper weight can be got at an
earlier date. December is full of
stormy, cold days, in which fatten
ing hogs make very little gain; in
fact, some days are so severe that
j i ti ! ia fi t Virtrra will rv ol-o rrv rrn 5 n
'Ull it W 1111 JIJOIVO HIT fllllf
under even the most favorable con
ditions. We usually have a few
such days in late November. Mani
festly, if for these days we can ex
change an equal number of the mild
days of October, we can make
cheaper pork. To make this ex
change we must begin fattenin
earlier and we can begin fatten
ing eariier by beginning extra
pasture-feeding early. It is the
standing still or actual going back of
the hogs in August and September
that makes December fattening
neccssiry. We loso a month or
more in the early fall; hence it is
necessary to feed a month in the early
winter in order to get the desired
weight. If the hogs were kept on a
steady gain during August and Sep
tember, they could be got thorough
Iv fattened and of the desired weight
Mirror and Farmer.
Kill the bug and you destroy its
Less work and better is the win
Make a fruit orchard of your
You can't associate with dirt
There is too much shirking in
Almost any crop does well after
Lay in a good store of bedding for
Take care it is one of the best of
What is life worth if we have no
time to enjoy it?
We need the common school be
fore the college.
All play and no work makes Jack
a useless dude.
It is always safe to give animals
pure water to drink.
Humus is a necessary ingredient in
a productive soil.
The longer the fattening animal
is kept the less the profit.
Be sure and salt your hogs that are
running to grass.
Put the working animal under the
least possible restraint.
Portable fences are becomiug more
and more a desideratum.
Make provision to. have milk for
the family the year round.
Cooked wheat bran furnishes bone
material for young chicks.
The man who leads an easy life is
apt to have a hard time of it.
Most crops require weekly nearly
1 ,000 barrels of water per acre.
Lack or excess of growth in a tree
is a sign of impending decay.
Dogs and men have faults, due
largely to education or lack of it.
Too much work ahead is discour
aging to men as well as to boys.
Top-dress and harrow in the ma
nure is the most approved method.
If .vou grind its feed, you save so
much of the energy of the animal
A society for the suppression of ob
structive lawyers is talked of.
Scientific knowledge is useful,
practical knowledge is indispensa
The only sure road to health is in
the observance of nature's laws.
We dont't want more acres of
wheat, but more wheat to the acre
It never pays to go abroad for
what you have at home of better
tbuse ot animals ought to be pun
ished as well as abuse of men.
The driver ought to . ride behind
the k'nives of the mowing machine.
More ought to be done to increase
the usefulness of our common schools.
Who are entirely independent?
The farmers are as much so as any
When you set out in life, don't try
to do the work of forty years in
Ventilate your cellar into your
kitchen chimney or one in which a
fire is kept.
Institutions and practices that have
had their day should be dispensed
Dryness, warmth and ventilation
are three important things in a shel
ter for animals.
From details to generals, from
lacts o tpnncipies is the natural or-
dei of education.
Take reasonable daily tasks, work
lively and quit early. This keeps up
With rotation, a great number of
crops can be grown on a piece of land
The old hen trying to cover four
dozen eggs is like some farmers.
They spread their energies over too
a doctor making a success, who did
not read what other men have found
out and written about his business,
and who did not give his whole time
and energy to his profession ?
Did you ever know a farmer who
gave as earned and constant atten
tion to his business as a successful
doctor does, who kept himself posted
on all that other men in the same
line are doing, kept posted on the
markets, in short ran his farm in a
thorough and business-like way, who
did not make as much out of it as he
could have made on the same
amount of capital invested in anoth
er legitimate business?
Do you think that a man who
knows that he is not carrying on .his
business in as thorough a manner as
he might has any right to grumble,
when he gets left by men who have
pulled out of the ruts ?
How much money have you ins
vested in land and stock ?
Do you know any business in
which you could invest this same
amount that would give you more
than you now get out of the farm ?
Don't you know that by improv
ing in farming you could get a great
deal more than you now get out of
your investment ?
Think of these things.
NEW STORE, NEW FIRM
CARD WELL BRO'S
Arc daily receiving and opening tlieir new stock of goods,
STAPLE and FANCY DRY GOODS,
LADIES' and GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS,
BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, NOTIONS.
And a thousand other things too numerous to mention. These
goods were all bought in Louisville, Cincinnati and other
Eastern markets, and will be sold
CHEAP FOR CASH.
How to Cure Bacon.
A writer in the Southern Planter
says:, in your July number on page
381), "P." asks for a remedy against
skippers in bacon. I can give him
a complete preventive, but it is so
cheap and simple that I have been
able to induce very few persons to
try it. I will premise by stating,
that some fifteen years since, my
friend, Mr. James M. Ranson, of
Jefferson county, W. Va wa3 on a
visit at my house; it was the last of
July or first of August, and one day
whilst he was there we had taken
out our hams, which had been great
ly injured by skippers, and were ex
posing them to the hot sun, and were
getting out tne snippers as last as
practicable. Mr. Ransom told us
that for a number of of years he had
protected his hams in this way
About the first of March get good
sound bags fertilizer bags, if washed
clean and without holes, will answer;
cut some nice sweet dry hay in the
cutting box timothy prefered; place
a few handsful of the cut hay in the
bottom of the bag, then put the ham
in, then pack the bag tightly with the
hay around the ham, so that it will
not touch the bag; extend the pack
ing a little about the hock end of the
ham; tie the bag and hang in a dry
place, take out and wash as needed
Since that date I have been in the
habit of putting up from forty to fif
ty hams every year, and have seen
no skippers. I have hams now three
years old which are sound and sweet.
Mr. Ranson's theory was, that al
though the rly might inject
the egg through the bag, it would
lodge in the hay; unless it
came in contact with grease it must
perish; that the beg kept it from the
grease of the meat, and the young
skipper ierished for want of. food. I
believe his theory is correct; I know
his practice is perfect.
"Wo respectfully ask all of our friends to call and
examine our goods and get prices before buying
elsewhere. You will find us in
No. 2, MASON'S New Block.
vr.ioif-i ir r. i r r m m
i onn oiue jiain ai. lcuinnviiie. jcnn.
The Peoples National Bank of McMinnvillf
AUTHORIZED DEPOSITORY OF STATE FUNDS.
J. F.MORFORD, S. L. COLVILLE,
J. C. BILKS, J. C. M. ROSS:
W! C. WOMACK. J. A. ROSS.
sin re nnn on
J. F. MORFORD, ?residen t .
J. C. BILES, Vice President.
FRANK COLVILLE, Cashier .
C. M. MORFORD, Assistant Ciuhier.
Docs a General Banking Business, Deposits Solicited
J. II. WMRBN,
CLOCKS, JEWELRY, SEWING MACHINES,
OTHER XjIO-IZT MACHI1TERT.
Every Piece of Work Guaranteed.
Shop in Jones Bros' Store, East Main Street, McMinnvllle, Tenn,
J. T. Kelton,
B. F. SlIAWVER,
T. 1). Biles,
P. J. Stoner.
; Contracting and Building Co,
Some Pointed Questions.
W. F. Massie, of Italeigh, X. C
furnishes the Louisville Home and
Farm a column of timely queries,
from which we extract the following:
Did you ever know anyone ta
make a big pile oi manure without
Did you ever know anyone to
make anything with cattle without
plenty to feed them with ?
Did you ever hear of a cow well
fed and sheltered in winter dying of
"hollow horn" in the spring?
Did you ever know of good feed
and comfortable shelter making cows
give less milk in winter?
Did you ever know of a scrub bull
improving a herd of cattle?
Did you ever know of a herd
where only a thoroughbred bull was
kept that did not improve in value?
Did yon ever know of a lawyer or
v f V ''A I
It is well known among horsemen
that we must win the horse's con
fldence by displaying confidence
in him, and his friendship by show
ing sympathy with him, especially
in places where he fears danger.
rove to me nooie animal your
greater caution and better judgment,
if you wish him to have full confi
dence in you as his driver. II. C.
Green, in a late issue of the New
York Tribune, says; "An exceeding
ly nervous and timid mare has such
faith in me that no place in the road
is so frightful, no snowdrift so for
bidding, no locomotive so noisy, but
she will walk with me eonfidinclv
when I show there is no danger by
going with her at the bit. If the
horse has to be his own judge where
it is safe to go, how fast and far he
should go, and how heavy a load he
should draw, there is liable to be
some misunderstanding. If your are
superior your horse will soon learn it,
and if not, better let some one else
drive. The horse reciprocates kind
ness for kindness, and obeys orders
wisely given. Never give a word to
a horse that he cannot understand;
whatever word you speak let it be in
tones loud enough to be distinctly
liPsird. Tf Vnn tp.'iph him fhrt nunn.
ing of but one word, let that beMJ rpTOlV T
'whoa.' and teach him to obev it. 15v U- i-Vll XjLJU
forcible and prompt use of tlj' word
I have averted many an accident.
Every horse that comes into my
hands gets taught tn stop at the word
the very first time tli:it 1 drive him."
Immediate, h a r m I ess Prist o n '
This Company is composed of four competent and skilled workmen, and we solicit
orders for all kinds oi building and carpenter work. Those wanting any work in our
line done, either by day or contract, will find it to tlieir Interest to consult us before
. ., .. . .. placing their orders. .'. ..
-4-Good Work, Square Dealings. Low Prices.-
Come and see us. New Shop on Oak Street, between Spring and College.
McMinnville Contracting & Building Co.
m- w m
' , .. U U 'I 'I
I ' 1
' t v-
BEST IM THE WORLD.
Sold in McMinnvillconlv lv
E. C. MEAD, Xurth SiU.i;in