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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE. SATURDAY, SEPT-
Dr. V. M. Metrulf writes the Far
mers' Home Journal of Louisville,
from Ocala, Flu., uik1t date of Sept.
8th, na follows:
This has heu a very prosperous
year for this country. The fruit and
vegetable crop has been unusually
large and prices generally satisfacto
ry. There is a large crop of oranges
and lemons to be gathered, and the
greatest of all industries4 that of
phosphate, is on a big boom. It
sounds like a fairy tale to tell half
the truth about tiiis wonderful busi
ness. It was discovered less than
.three years ago, and up to this time
there are hundreds of well-organized
companies at work, representing a
capital of over thirty million dollars.
The English, Germans and French
appear to take the lead in mining,
yet there are large and small compa
nies formed by almost every nation
ality. The foreigners appear to ap
preciate high grade phosphate more
than our own people.
The soft phosphate appears to be
gaining ground very rapidly among
our home manufacturers, Hnd, in fact,
if the wanderful result of soft phos
phate is half true as reported, I see
no reason why farmers should not be
encouraged. This soft phosphate is
said to be very soluble and largely
available in the soil without treat
ment by acids. If this is so a farmer
can send direct to the miners and
buy what he wants without having
to pay half dozen profits to manufac
turers before he gets it. While I am
mining hard rock for European mar
ket, yet I mine out a great deal of
soft in getting the hard. I have giv-
en away a good deal of this to my
friends to try, and they all report fa
vorable results. If this should prove
a success on wheat, tobacco, corn and
cotton in its natural state, as taken
from the ground, it will be a great
blessing, for it is found here in large
cpuantities and can be sold cheaply.
It ought to be delivered to any part
of Kentucky or Tennessee for $10 or
$12 per ton by the car load in bulk.
It looks in appearance like finely
ground meal, and usually runs from
40 to G per cent, pure phosphate.
The chemists say but little of it is
soluble, but practical experience
shows that it gives good results, and
this is worth more than any scientific
The profits in mining phosphate is
immense sometimes. I know of one
little mine that paid $1,000 for 80
acres of land ; spent $2,000 in equip.
ping the mine and in eight weeks
mined enough phosphate to pay for
the entire plant and all expenses and
have several thousand dollars sur
plus. But all do not do this well.
Sometimes people lose money at
mining, just as they do at other
Royal Rules for Eutter Making.
Put ml Cauuilian.
1. Scrupulous cleanliness is the first
and constant rule to be observed; all
utensils in the dairy must be scalded
after use with hot water and rinsed
afterward with cold.
2. Milk must never stand more
than 21 hours, on any account; the
finest flavored butter is obtained in
the leading butter-making countries
from cream which has ripened on
the milk for 12 to 15 hours only.
3. Cream must be churned at a cer
tain temperature, from 58 to f!) in
summer, and 01 to 02. in winter,
. average (i0. Don't rely on your
sense of touch for that, but always
use a proper floating glass ther
4. Ventilate the churn freely dur
ing churning '
f). Stop churning immediately the
butter "comes." In other words,
butter must not be churned into a
lump; it ought to be in granular
shape (like grains of wheat), when
churning is stopped.
(. Draw off the but(cr-milk, and
wash the butter in the churn with
cold water, turning the churn gently
two or three times, then draw off the
water and replace it with a fresh lot;
this operation is to be repeated unti
the water is drawn off as clear as
when it was put in.
7. Remove the butter from the
churn in a wooden scoup, not with
the hands, put it on a butter worker
and work the butter until every drop
of buttermilk has left the but
ter. (This operation is indispensi-
8. Shape the butter into pats with
wooden utensils (scotch hands,)
making it a rule never to touch but
ter with your hands, however cool
they may ! or appear to lie.
The best practice would be to
churn daily, but us thN N not always
possible, let it be done at least tw ice,
or better, three times a week.
About Sowing Grass.
Land Intended to be sown down
to clover or grass, either with or
without a grain crop, should be pre
pared by being deeply plowed and
finely broken, and made rich with
barnyard manure or potash and phos
phate fertilizer. September is the
best month in the year for sowing
grass seeds in the State of Virginia
and the adjoining one; but to secure
a good heart and be made as fine as
possible, and the seeds be sown and
either rolled or brushed in whilst the
and is mellow and warm. Clover
seed sown in September is also pref
erable to that sown in spring, as it
makes sufficient growth before win
ter to Insure a stand, unless the win
ter be very severe, and may be mown
the following spring. Where barn
yard manure is not available, from
200 to 400 pound per iicre of phos
phate, either in form of bone or
floats, and a like quantity of potash
in the form of kainit will be found a
desiraHe form of fertilizer. Orchard
grass and Tall Meadow Oat
grass will be found desirable for up
lands, whilst lied Top or Herds grass
Is well suited to wet lowlands. Tim
othy is a most valuable grass for hay,
but should not be sown except upon
iich land; such as river and creek low-
grounds. It is not desirable as a pas
ture grass, but makes a very heavy
crop of hay on land suited to it. It
should by sown at the rate of one
and one-half to two pecks per acre.
An old physician, retired from
practice, having had placed in his
hands by hii Last India missionary
the formula of a simple vegetable
remedy for the speedy and perma
nentcureof Consumption, Bronchitis,
Catarrh, Asthma and all tlir at and
Lung Affections, also a positive and
radical cure for Nervous Debilitv and
all Nervous Com plain ft, after having
tested its wonderful curative powers
In thousands of cases, has felt it his
duty to make it known to his sufler
ing fellows. Actuated ny tins motive
and a desire to relieve human .sutler
Ing, I will send free of charge, to all
who desire it, this recipe, in uerman,
French or English, with full direc
tions for preparing and using. Sent
by mail by addressing with stamp,
naming this paper, W. A. Noyks,
820 Powers' Block, Rochester, N. Y.
Prof. I. P. Roberts, in one of his
lectures In the New York dairy
schools, advised his hearers t study
law natural law. Hesaid: "It is
all law in this world. If I break a
moral Jaw I may repent ; if it is a
civil law which I break by stealing
a sheep or other property if I have
plenty of 'money and a sharp lawyer,
I will 6tand a preety good chance
of keeping out of state prison ; but if I
break or violate a law of agriculture,
no power on earth or heaven will
shield or help me. There is no use
in going into the stable and praying
to the Lord to cause the old cow to
give more or better milk, it wont't
do, because He never will do it.
There is a proper place in which to
pray, and there are some things we
may pray for, but more and better
milk from a starved scrub cow, isn't
one of them. Faith without works
won't materialize. The Lord once
said: 'I give you dominion,' but we
have lost much of it since then. Let
us regain it all by studying law."
The professor could not have given
sounder advice. It is the duty of all
to study law, in its true sense; and
where on earth can this be done
better than on the farm, where every
phase of natural law is, in one way
or another, brought into practiea
play ? And we do not expect mora
laws, which are just as natural as tht
physical, and without a due obser
vance of which no farm can be
properly conducted or farmer's
family live harmoniously.
Good looks are more than skin
deep, depending upon a healthy con
dition of all the vital organs. If the
liver be inactive, you have a bil
lious look, if your stomach be disor
dered you have a dyspeptic look ant
if your kidneys be affected you have
a pinched look.- hecure good health
and you will have good looks. J.lec
trie Bitters is the great altema
tive and Tonic acts directly on these
vital organs. Cures Pimples, Rlotch
es, Boils and gives a good complex
ion. Sold at Ritchey & Bostick's
Drug store, oitc per bottle. 1.
Eli Perkins once quieted a sceptic
who was objecting to the story of Ba
laam's ass, by saying to him, "If you
will make an ass, I will make him
speak." The sceptic probably re
Headache and Neuralgia like a
dream fades away , under the magic
influence of Megrimine. Free sum
pie on application. The Dr. White
hall Megrimine l., South Bend,
Ind. For sale by W. II. Hcming.
Sure cure-Preston's "lled-Ake."
Woman as a Political Factor.
In Monday's Daily Evening; News
that close olseiver of political cur
rents, Henry George, Jr., graphically
pictured the political power of wo
men in England through their inde
jendent leagues. The observations
of this American critic correspond
with the views of English writers as
to the certain signs of a political
revolution with woman as a leading
It cannot fail to be noted that wo
men already possess in conserva
tive England greater privileges of
franchise than in any other country
on the globe. In all except parlia
mentary elections the votes of
widows and spinsters who are tax
payers are counted. Within a couple
of decades England lias practically
revolutionized her methods of hold
ing elections, and there are many
predictions that before a, score of
years more there will be practically
universal suffrage, women Included.
There are certain valuable lessons
to be gleaned from England's grow
ing recognition of women as a politi
cal factor. In the United States,
although woman suffrage has been
demanded in strident tones from a
hundred platforms for more than a
generation, it cannot be said to have
become a live political issue. Vari
ous states have conferred suffrage on
women at minor elections, but there
the movement has apparently been
is it not possible that American
woman suffragists have taken a less
sensible view of the case than their
English sisters, and have demanded
as a right what English womeli are
content to win by slow gradations, as
their political power becomes recog
Contrast, lor instance, the methods
of the politically inspired women of
the two countries, hi England they
have formed themselves into two
leagues conservative.. and liberal
and are most active auxiliaries of the
two great parties through the length
and breadth of the empire. These
English women throw themselves
into the thickest ot election contests
and, undoubtedly help to decide
many a close struggle. This they do
as auxiliary workers, not as voters.
Supposing American women were
thus active in national politics and
studied national issues with a view
to taking intelligent part therein as
election workers. What would be
the probable result ? Such a course
would mean the formation of Re
publican and Democratic women's
leagues, after the pattern of the
Primrose League and the Women's
Liberal Federation of England.
Whether American women would
readily adapt themselves to this
active participation in national af
fairs, without being themselves
Voters, may safely be left to their
own judgment to decide. The point
is clear that such participation would
bring them nearer the goal of female
suffrage, just as it is breaking down
English traditions and bringing the
women of that country nearer the
same ultimate goal.
Capt. W. A. Abbet, who has long
been with Messrs. Pcrcival & Hat
ton, Real Estate and Insurance Bro
kers, Des Moines, Iow a, and is one
of the best know n business men in
thafcity says : "I can testify to the
good qualities of Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy. Having used it in
my family for the past eight years, 1
can safely say that it has no equal for
either colds or croup." rn ci nt bot
tles for sale by Ritchey & Bostick,
Druggists, McMinnville, Tenn.
Gen. Sherman was fond ot telling
this bit of philosophy : When I was
with the army in Georgia, a slave
owner one Christinas missed a fat tur
key. He suspected a tinelooking color
ed man and had him brought before
him. 'You have stolen my turkey
and eaten it,' said the irate master.
1'se not gwine to say I didn't when
you say I did, massa,' 'I ought lo
do something to you. What have you
got to say why I should not punish
you?" 'Well, massa, you hain't los'
anything particular. You see, you
has a little less turkey and a good
deal more nigger.' "
Mark Twain never knew the
amount of joy an old farmer experi
enced over the good results of Gan
ter's magic chicken cholera cure,
which is warrar.ted to cure every
time. Sold by W. II. Fleming.
Teacher (to dull boy of the class)
"Which New England state has two
capitals'."' Boy "New Hampshire."
Teacher "Indeed. Name them."
Boy "Capital N and capital II."
After all, the best way to know the
real merit of Hood's &irsaparilia, is
ti try it yourself. Be sure to pet
NEW STORE, NEW FIRM
Arc daily receiving and opening
STAPLE and FANCY DRY GOODS,
DRESS GOODS, . '
LADIES' and GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS.
BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, NOTIONS.
And a thousand other things too numerous to mention. These
goods were all bought in Louisville, Cincinnati and other
Eastern markets, and will he sold
CHEAP FOR CASH.
Wo respectfully ask all of our friends to call and
examine our goods and get prices before buying
elsewhere. You will find us in
No. 2, MASON'S Xew Block.
North Side Main St. - - - .McMinnville. Tenn.
The Peoples National Bank of McMinnville
AUTHORIZED DEPOSITORY OF STATE FUNDS.
OTITJLi, - - $55,000.00.
J. F. MORFORD, S. I,. COLVILLK,
J. C. BILKS, J. C. M. ROSS.
Wl C. WOMACK. J. A. ROSS.
Dons a General' Banking Business, Deposits Solicited
J. II. WMRBN,
clock?, j:velry, sewing saghs,
, Every Piece of Work Guaranteed.
Shop in Jones Bros' Store, East Main Street, McMinnville, Tenn,
J. T. Keltox,
P. F. SUAWVEU,
; Contracting, and Building Co., :
This Company is composed of four competent and skilled workmen, and we solicit
orders for nil kinds of Imildini; mid carpenter work. Those winning any work in our
line done, either by day or contract, will tind it lo tlieir interest to consult ns before
v, ,-. phiciut; their orders. .'. .. ,
-H-Good Work, Square Dealings. Low Prices,-!
Come and see ns. New Shop on Oak Street, between Spring and College.
McMrxxviLLE CoxTii.uTixc; & IJiiEnixc; Co.
in " a . i , 1,1 J.... T i.v i m v
BEST III THE WOSILS.
Sold iir McMinnville only ly
E. C. MEAD, Si'i'tli Si.leSMuare
their new stock of goods.
J. F. MORFORD, "resident.
J.C. BILES Vice President. '
FRANK COLVILLK Cashier .
C. M. MORFORD, Assistant Cnshier,
T. 1). Biles,
P. J. Stoxeu.
V V '