Newspaper Page Text
bOUTHhKN STANDARD - MMIiv v 1 1. . KN N KSSE. SATURDAY, OCT. lo,i89l.
Picking and Keeping The Fruit.
Fruit growing is no more impor
tant to the horticulturist thrnv pick
ing and keeping the products. ufter
they have ripened. When a fruit is
thoroughly matured decay begins to
set in very shortly, and unless the
conditions are such as to prevent this
the fruit will rapidly become worth
less. Fruits picked for the market
must he gathered before they are
thoroughly ripened, except in the
case of very perishable fruits, which
have to be gathered, marketed and
sold withi a few days after picking.
The winter apples, pears and similar
fruits are picked before they arc ful
ly ripened, and their keeping quali
ties then-depend upon the' fruit
houses in which they are stored.
In picking fruits that are to be kept
for any length of time somo system
should he udopted which will pre
vent unnecessary bruising, punctur
ing of the skin and mellowing. Ap
ples or pears that are shaken from
the tree will not be fit for keeping
with the sound ones unless they were
caught in their fall by muslin bags
prepared for them. The skin should
be sound and no sign of bruising visi
ble on the fruits before storing into
the fruit-house. It is not so much
the loss of one fruit that is to bo de
plored, but the fact that one decay
ing fruit will communicate the de
composition to the others.
A fruit-house for storing fruit is la
valuable to those who raise many for
the market and home use. It can
first be used for storing the strawber
ries, raspberries and all of the small
er fruits during hot weather. The
summer pears and apples and peach
es will come in next for a share in
the benefits of the" house. Later in
the season the winter fruits can be
stored in the house and kept until
needed for the market or for home
consumption. The cellar is a poor
place for the fruits, and it should not
be put to this use.
The fruit-houso should be separate
from the living house, and if possible
it should be placed partly under
ground. In this way more warmth
is obtained in the winter time and
more coolness in the sunimer. The
walls and roof should be non-conducting,
in order to keep the heat out
in summer and the cold in winter.
A low, even temperature is the most
essential thiug about the fruit-house
at all seasons, and if this can be ob
tained the fruit will keep well. A
method of ventilatiug should be pro
vided, for the circulation of pure air
around the fruit is also essential to
its preservation. The temperature
should be kept a few degrees above
the freezing point, and decomposi
tion will then be arrested. The cost
of a fruit-house is not great, and the
profits made from it will soon repay
the cost of construction. The old
method of keeping the fruits in the
basement is generally productive of
disease, for the escaping gases from
the fruits invariably generate germs
of poison that must be breathed in by
the occupants of the home. Wheth
er raising fruit Simply for the home
use or for the markets, a small fruit
house is desirable.
Experiments in various methods
of seeding wheat have been conduct
ed for a series of years at the Ohio
Experiment Station, with the follow
In the average of four years experi
ment, wheat covered one inch or less
has produced at the rate of thirty
four bushels per acre; that covered
two inches has produced thirty-five
bushels, and that covered three
inches, thirty-four bushels. Judging
from a smaller number of experi
ments it does not seem advisable to
sow deeper than three inches.
In the average of six years, wheat
sown with a roller press drill has
yielded about eight per cent, more
than that sown with the ordinary
drill. More or less increase has fol
lowed the roller press in almost ev
ery season, but a single trial has
given results unfavorable to the use
of the common roller after seeding.
Broadcast wheat has this year yielded
about the same as that drilled; but
in the average of five years the pro
duee from broadcast seed is consider
able smaller than from the same
quantity of seed drilled. The results
of seven years' experiments point
clearly to the latter part of Septem
ber or first of October as the most fa
vorable season fur sowing wheat on
this farm." A single experiment,
made this year, fails to show any ad
vantage in favor of cross-drilling over
sowing the same quantity of seed in
tho ordinary manner. No larger
crop ba9 been produced this year
from mixed seed of two varieties than
from pure seed of the same variety
sown separately. The land upon
which these experiments were made
lies in the valley of the Olentangy,
one of thelargest branches of the
Scioto, .The soil is a yellow loam,
part first and part second bottom. It
is either naturally undeidrained with
gravel or artificially drained with
titles, and its average yield ol
wheat for thirteen years has been
over twenty-six bushels per acre, on
an ;annual acreage of about thirty
Points ia Applo Culture.
Josiuh lioopee. , ' .
One thoroughly reliable variety is
worth more than a hundred of
doubtful character. With a'good
mellow soil, all needed preparation
is to manure with no stinted hand,
and then plow deep and thorougly.
It is of the utmost importance that
the- young orchard receive a good
send off; after that j if cultivated care
fully for a few years, meanwhile crop
ping with vegetables, there will be
no cessation of growth in the trees.
This part of the programme is gen
erally carried out, but, after cropping
with vegetables ceases, how many
people ever fertilize the coil or care
for tho trees? More failures result
from this cessation of surface culture
and proper pruning, than from at
tacks of insects, which, under pre
ventives and treatment of recent
years, are not considered a serious
obstacle. How to place one's fruit
properly on the market may seem a
minor point, but when we preceive
customers calling, year after year, for
packages bearing the imprint of some
noted orchardists, there must be a
reason for it, and the solution is, that
the fruit is carefully and evenly
selected, preserved in first-class con
dition, aad is, in short, just what the
invoice calls for.
The First Step.
Perhaps you are run down,
can't eat, can't sleep, can't think,
can't do anything to your satisfaction
and you wonder what ails you. You
should heed the warning, you are
taking the first step into Nervous
Prostration. You need a Nerve Ton
ic and in Electric Bitters you will
find the exact remedy for restoring
your nervous system to its normar
healthy condition. Surprising re
sults follow tho use of this great
Nerve Tonic and Alterative. Your
appetite returns, good digestion is
restored, and the Liver and Kidneys
resume healthy action. Try a bottles
Price 50cts at Bitchey & Bostick's
Drug Store. 6
The workmen in the deepest mines
of Europe svvelfer in almost intoler
able heat, and yet they have never
penetrated over one seven-thousandth
part of the distance from tho
surface to tho center of the earth. In
the lower levels of some of the Coin
stock mines the men fought scalding
water and could labor only three or
four hours at a time, until the Sutro
tunnel pierced the mines and drew
offsomeofthe terrible heat, which
had stood at 120 The deepest bor
ing made, that at Sperenberg, near
Berlin, penetrates only 4,172 feet,
about 1,000 feet deeper than the fa
mous artesian well at St. Louis.
Mr. C. B. Jones, of Spring Hill,
Iowa, says : "I have used Chamber
lain's Pain Balm for severe and pain
ful burns with better effect than any
thing else I have ever tried. It re
lieves the pain instantly and cures
without leaving a scar." Pain Balm
is one of the most useful medicines
that any family- can be provided
with, especially for rheumatism,
lame back, sprains, bruises, tooth
ache, earache and like ailments. One
application will relieve the pain and
a fair trial insure a cure. 50 cent
bottles for sale by Ritchey & Bostick,
Druggists, McMinnvillc, Term.
Mrs. Wickstaff: "My dear, this rib
bon you have brought home for Fido
is a shade too light." Wickstaff: "All
right, I'll try it over." Mrs. Wick
etaff (the next day:) "My dear, I'm
sorry, but the ribbon you have
brought home today is a shade too
dark." Vickstaff(wearily:) "Then
wait until tomorrow, and I'll change
What Does it Mean ?
"100 Doses One Dollar" means
simply that Hood's Sarsaparilla is
the most economical medicine to buy,
because it gives more for the money
than any other preparation. Each
bottle contains 100 doses and will
average to last a month, while other
preparations, taken according to di
rections, are gone in a week. There
fore, be syire to get Hood's Sarsapa
rill, the best blood purifier.
Dr. tenner's Kidney and Back
ache Cure is warranted to give satis
faction in every case or money re
turned. For sale by J. 1). Tate & Co.
THE D1RTII OP TOMBSTONE.
How the Arliona Town Caue to Get
It Extraordinary Name.
v When the late Ma the w Arnold waa in
this country he took exceptions, among
other things, to the names of our cities.
So did Historian Froude. They said we
went to the classics and outraged history
for cognomens to designate dugouta and
"boom" towns. Their cultured souls
Hut they never heard of Tombstone,
Arizona. That is an American name.
Tho effete cast would never have thought
of such an appropriation. How did it
como by the funereal title? This is a ques
tion that is asked almost every time the
towu is mentioned and but few are able
Conjectured, and they are many, are
put to rest under a tombstone, it might
be said, by tho aid of Mr. C. C. VJarner,
of the Contention mine, Tombstone, who
agreed to relate to a reporter yesterday
how it received its Western name. Mr.
Warner has been in Tombstone almost
since its inception and passed through
Denver yesterday on his return from
"It's quito as simple and natural as the
name is strange and queer how it re
ceived its christening, " he said. "There
were two brothers one, and probably
both, living yet by the name of Al. and
Ed. Scheflien. (You will observe that
there is a connection between the names
and the town shuffling off the mortal
coil and then the Tombstone.) Well, it's
not often that I perpetrate a joke, but
this Colorado air makes a fellow do many
strange things. But I am wandering.
The Sehefliens were, of course, prospect
ors, and kept hanging about thero for
some time without doing much. Tho
Apache Indians were around pretty thick.
Finally one day Ed. Scheflien prepared to
start out on a prospecting tour up the
pilch. His brother tried to persuade him
to abandon his project, pointing out that
the Indians would devour him or that he
would get lost in the ravine ; but all to
no purpose. Just as he was about to
start ho told his brother to look after a
j!"ce of rock that he had found near tho
"Yes, I will use it for your tomb
stone,' said Al. sadly, and away went tho
more go ahead brother.
"Time passed, but there were no tid
:ns of the foolhardy brother. Weeks
went and he did not put in an appear
ance. The brother, true to his promise,
pvoceeded to carve in rude letters in tho
quartz rock an inscription which ran :
: Sacked to the memory :
: of :
ed. scheflien. :
: He went prospecting to a :
; new country. :
"Tho brother was sorry for -the loss, but
then ho had warned him and it could
not be helped. The Indians had scalped
"About a week after he had finished
his job and put it in front of the tent, in
jumped the brother, wild looking, but
beaming with joy.
"'Shake, old man, I have found it,' ho
said to the stay at home ; 'it's lying all
nround.' He then began to empty his
pockets of the glittering quartz that h
had taken to prove hia statement And
it was so.
"Away up in the gulch he had found
one of the richest mining grounds in the
territory. But he was always a peculiar
cuss, this Ed. He and his brother and a
man named Gurd started out for the
place with supplies and tools. He named
this mine the Toughnut because he had
found it pretty hard after he had dis
covered it. There were times when he
would have sold it for a drink of water.
The next ono they discovered they called
the Goodenough mine. When they
came to the next one they had a little
falling out, and he named it the Con
tention. The latter is the one I am in
terested in. These were all disposed of
by him for a handsome sum. And ho is
now a three times millionaire.
"Tho tombstone is one of his choicest
relics, and he would not part with it for
its weight in gold. Many attempts have
been made to change the town by
'boomers,' who argue that the strange
and gruesome title keeps- out Eastern
capital, and by tho new comers. Legis
lators have been elected pledged to in
troduce a bill for that purpose, but Ed.
with his money is always on hand to op
pose it. "Denver Republican.
A CHILD KILLED.
Another child killed by the use of
opiates givci. in the form ol Soothing
syrup. Why mothers give their
children such deadly poison . is
surprising when Hiey can relieve the
child of its peculiar troubles ly using
Dr. Acker's Baby Soother. It con
tains no "opium or morphine. For
8aloby W. II. Fleming. f.
It is the purpose of tho Society for
Farks and Play Grounds for Children to
establish recreation grounds in every
ward of New York, and to interest in the
movement public spirited residents of
other cities. Blocks of tenements have
been selected for demolition in tho most
thickly crowded districts.
Female professors and lecturers are to
bo introduced in the Michigan University
at Ann Arbor.
The only Guaranteed permanent
cure for all forms of headache and
Neuralgia. Relieves in 15 to 20 min
utes. A great blood cleanser and
nerve tonic, that in time permanent
lv cures. Sold by V. II. Fleming,
McMinnvillc, Tenn, at 50 cents per
box . m
NEW STORE, NEW FIRM,
CARD WELL BRO'S,
Are daily receiving and opening their new stock 'of goods,
consisting of "
STAPLE and FANCY DRY GOODS,
LADIES' and GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS,
BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, NOTIONS.
And i thousand other things too numerous to mention. These
goods were all bought in Louisville, Cincinnati and other
Eastern markets, and will bo sold
CHEAP FOR CASH,
We respectfully ask all of our friends to call and
-examine our goods and get prices before buying
elsewhere. You will find us in
No. 2, MASON'S New Block.
North Side Main St. - . McMinnvillc, Tcnn.
The Peoples Rational Bank of McMinnville
AUTHORIZED DEPOSITORY OF STATE FUNDS.
OJPITVAJL., - - $55,000.00.
J. F. MORFORD, S. L. COLVILLE,
J. C. BILKS, J. CM. ROSS.
Wl C. WOMACK, J. A. ROSS.
Dora a General Banking Business, Deposits Solicited
fj. 11. WmliJVJ
CLOCK'S, JEWELRY, SEWING MACHINES,
AND OTI-ISn LIGEZT MACHHTEH7".
Every Piece of Work Guaranteed.
Shop in Jones Bros' Store, East Main Street, McMinnvHIe, - Tenn.
J. T. Keltox,
B. F. Shawvek,
This Company is composed of four competent and skilled workmen, and -e solicit
orders for all kinds of building and enrpentpr work. Those wanting any work in our
line done, either by day or contract, will find it to their interest to consult us before
., , placing their orders. .'.
Good Work, Square Dealings. Low Prices4-
Come and see ns. New Shop ou Ook Street, between Spring and College.
McMlNNVlLI.E CONTBACTIXO & BUILDING Co.
fa i' ';i
MH'-f i"f;' v
i, -1L :LcCT :N
BSST Hi THE WORLD.
Sold in McMinnvillc only hy
E. C. 171 E AD, 3urtli SuTeSqiuuv
J. F. MORFORD, President .
J. C. BILES, Vice President.
FRANK COLVILLE, Cashier,
C. M. MORFORD, Assistant Cashier.
T. IX Biles,
P. J. Stosek.
' -x1 i
; ;V :'?:r
, t fa. ..TO'
' WW . ' 1 11