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SOUTHERN STANDARD-AFM1NNVILLE, TENNESSEE. SATURDAY, DEC 20(1801.
, Garden Talk.
Metropolitan UJ liural Home.
At first thought it would sw'in
more appropriate to write about Bur
dening in spring than in the fall. I
believe, however, that no man ever
has a good early garden who does
not begin the work in the fall, and
plan for it in winter, and if I can at
this time interest find enthuse your
readers in the subject, I have little
doubt that an article read now will
bear fruit next summer.
As I believe that one reason why
there arc so many poor gardens on
the farm, is that the farmers do not
realize how valuable it can be made,
I will first give a few facts as to what
even a fourth acre can be made to
produce. I would not limit the farm
er's garden to a fourth acre, but it so
happens that I have just that amount
of land in garden near my house, and
grow other crops, such as sweet pota
toes, tomatoes, sweet corn and berries
in a truck patch more remote.
I have found, after many years ex
perience, that plowing my garden in
the fall in lands, twelve to sixteen
feed wide, and cleaning out the dead
furrows, so as to give perfect surface
drainage, giVes me the best possible
seed bed at the smallest outlay of
money, and enables me to plant liar
dy vegetables from one to two weeks
earlier than otherwise. I believe
thtt a majority of farmers do not
know what vegetables are hardy, and
I know that many of them think that
frost will kill peas, but here is a list
of hardy vegetables, which may be
planted as early as the land can be
worked, and that will bear to have
the ground freeze after they are up:
Peas, beets, lettuce, spinach, onions,
radishes, cabbage, and celery. I have
had all these up and the land freeze
hard enough to bear a man, with no
injury to most of them, although oc
casionally some of the beets, radishes
and cabbage would be killed (but
usually enough left,) and the others
At this earliest planting I put in
three kinds of peas, early, medium
and late, and this prolongs the suc
cession. We mix our cabbage seed
' with the radish seed, and sow togeth
er, and then as soon as the radishes
will do to use, we pull first those near
the the best cabbage plants, and by
the time the radishes are past use we
have a thrifty row of cabbages, which
as plants grown in the open ground
are very hardy and grow rapidly,
and furnish cabbage just about rs
early as can be had from hot bed
To give some idea of what a small
garden can be made to furnish, I will
give some notes from my fourth-acre
garden this season. My garden slopes
gently to the east, is protected by a
wire fence on the west and north, and
is eight rods long and five rods wide,
' Across the north side are two rows of
rhubarb and asparagus, which are the
only perennials allowed in the gar
den. Everything in this garden is
planted in rows running the length
oi tne garaen, so mat tne nana or
horse cultivator can be used for
cultivating it. For several years
I have kept a record of the
dates of planting, and when we be-
gan to use each variety of vegetable.
The average date at which we have
begun to use asparagus for several
years is April 20th, and we have it
every day until peas are ready for
use, which is about June 1st, a week
earlier in forward seasons and a week
later in backward seasons.
I have the dates at which our ear
liest planting has been made for 17
years past. The earliest was in 1878.
when I made gaden the 2oth of Feb
ruary, and the latest in I8K , when,
on account of wet weather, we could
not plant until April ISth; but eleven j
years out of the seventeen our gar
den was planted in March, ami five
of these years the first half of March.
The garden this year has grown six
rows of peas, four of beans, two ot
onions, two of radishes, one each of
cabbage, cauliflower and beets, four
rows of Irish potatoes, two of sweet
corn, one each of cucumbers, toma
toes mul winter squash, with half a
row each of spinach, lettuce, carrots,
parsnips and celery, and three rows
of strawberries. We first began using
lettuce May 5, and from that day to
October not a day passed in which
we have not had several varieties of
vegetables in use on the table, and of
several varieties we have a winter
supply. Our potatoes lasted nine
weeks, during which time they were
selling at from 80 cents to 2.00 per
bushel; strawberries every day for
over three weeks; peas for a month;
beans snap and Limas for three
months, and all of the other vorieties
named in their season. We utilize
all the land and give no place to
werds. Cucumbers grew where the
early peas and lettuce had matured,
and winter squashes were planted on
the potato land when the first hills
were dug for use. Such vegetables
as we get from a well-kept garden
can rarely be bought, for they are al
ways fresh and wholesome, while
those we buy have usually been ship
ped from a distance.
One rule which has been observed
for twenty-five years in our garden is
never allow a weed to go to seed,
and this has added greatly to the
ease and comfort of caring for it. I
positively believe that one-fourth the
work keeps my garden in good order
now that was required when I allow
ed a crop of weeds to mature seed on
it every year, as most of my neigh
bors still do. It seems to me so easy
to have a good garden, and so indis'
pensable to comfort and econmy in
the family, that it is marvelous that
any one should be willing to do with
out it. I believe that any one
who is disgusted with right
ing weeds in the garden would soon
learn to like garden work in a well
managed, clean garden.
Waldo F. Buown.
Buler Co., O.
December Farm Work.
Metropolitan and Rural Home.
In a Urge portion of our country.
December closes up the work of till
ing the soil, of sowing, planting, cul
tivating, reaping, harvesting, gar
nering, threshing and cleaning most
farm crop9. Some of our farmers
fail to finish corn husking until out
door husking is unpleasant and un
safe, and gather in the unhusked
corn to be finished under shelter
This greatly increases the labor, but
if there is more outdoor work than
there is time and labor to accom
plish, it may be excusable. With
December Nature enters into her
long sleep. Vegetable organisms
like some species of animals, seem to
become torpid, to hibernate. The
processes of vegetation cannot be car
ried on without heat. Some plants
will vegetate at a much lower tern
perature than others, but our ord
nary winter temperature is too low
for our hardiest species to grow.
One of the first things the farmer
should see to when winter sets in,
that all sentient beings upon the
farm, including his own family, are
as well protected against cold and
wet, against the inclemencies of the
climate, as they may be. It is poor
policy, very short sighted policy, t
endeavor to protect animals from
the cold entirely with food,
to protect numan oeings irom win
ter's rigors mainly with fuel. Botl
house and barn should be made
comiortaoie as possime iy tne ex
elusion of the cold air. We ar
aware mat an Kinds oi animals neec
MOST WONDERFUL BLEMISH CURE KNOWN
hii abundance of pure air to sustain
vitality, but it is better to be able to
regulate its admission at will than to
have It forced in upon you through
neglected crevices. In dwellings
heated by a furnace, pure air can be
taken from the outside, passed over
the furnace and warmed before ad
mission into living rooms.
"And in this matter of fuel, while
quite a considerable proportion of our
farmers probably depend upon the
heat stored in the coal measures of
the earth, in long past ages, to warm
their dwellings, still very many go
to the living forests for their fuel.
The wise and provident farmer, un
doubtedly, prepared this winter's
fuel last winter; cut and split it in
the woods, hauled it to the house,
cut and split it into stove-wood, and
piled it under the wood-house, where
it has been seasoning eight or nine
months, and is now ready to burn
without coaxing, in cook or parlor
stove or in the open grate. Those
farmers' families who aro provided
with such fuel are prepared to pass
through the winter with a maximum
mount of comfort and a minimum of
iscomfort, annoyance and vexation
from refractory fires that refuse to
burn. And if that seasoned wood is
ard maple, or beech, or hickory or
ak the farmer's family is truly fa
But, that such blessings may con
tinue, next winter's supply of fuel
should be cut in December, hauled
with the first good snow and sawed
split and piled under the woodhouse
n stormy days, when the farmer can.
not work outdoors without detri
ment to his health. In our early
boyhood small trees of gecond growth
timber were cut and hauled to the
louse, sled length, and then worked
up in the dooryard during the latter
part of winter. Such a course had
ts advantages, but we afterwards
came in contact with large trees, two
to three feet In diameter, and it
would have been more of a task to
handle such logs, sled length.
Sometimes December remainsquite
mild up to the middle, or later, and
many kinds of work can bo done to
very good advantage out of doors. It
is not advisable to commence any
work that cannot be abandoned any
day, without detriment, but such
jobs as ditching, drawing stonei,
plowing and many other kinds of
work can frequently be prosecuted to
advantage, but all tools should be
carefully housed every night, because
you are liable to find any morning a
deep mantle of snow covering the
nakedness of the earth.
December is the month of long
evenings, the longest of the year, and
these are the farmer's opportunity for
mental Improvement and social en
joyment. Read, study, gather Jhe
family around the evening lamp, one
of the best of the kind, one that wil
diffuse a soft steady light, and read
agricultural journals, agricultura
books, agricultural experiment sta
tion reports, the sciences pertaining
to agriculture ana encourage your
sons and daughters to read such
works on natural history as shall tend
to interest them in nature and
love with the farmers vocation; for
the coming farmer must understand
those sciences that will assist him
cultivating the soil and in husband
intr its resources or agriculture will
become an unremunerativo pursuit.
The writer's most appreciative read
ing and study was done in a farm
home around the evening lamp, and
when he talks about this he is talk
ing from experience.
Beforo December closes the farmer
should have his accounts with the
farm, and all other accounts posted
and balanced, that he may
know what crops and what
methods have paid and what have
failed to pay and whether the year's
operations have been profitable or
otherwise. December should not be
an idle month with the farmer, but
one of the busiest of the year.
A Schedule of Adulteration Proposed.
Kansas National Weekly.
An Illinois merchant who was
taking baking powder in bulk from
a Chicago firm called tit headquarters
the other day to say that there was
something wrong with the goods.
"1 don't think so," was the reply ;
"we make the best article sold in the
"I think we ought to have a more
perfect understanding," continued
the dealer. "Now, then you adulter
ate before you send to me; then I
idulterate before I ship; then the re
tailer adulterates before he sells, and
the consumer can't be blamed for
growling. I want to see if we can't
agree on some schedule to be follow
ed." "What do you mean?"
"Why, suppose you put in 10 per
cent of chalk; then I put in 20 per
cent of whiting; then the retailer
puts In .10 per cent of flour. That
gives the consumer about iO percent
of baking powder, and unless he's a
born hog he'll be perfectly satisfied.
You see, if you adulterate f0 per cent
on the start and I adulterate as much
more, and the retailer adulterates as
much more as both together, it's
mighty hard for the consumer to tell
whether he's invetinir in bakinc
lowder or putty. We must give him
something for his money, if it's only
LIFE, HEALTH AND STENGTH.
As soon as
Ar-Ai.AcmeoLA, Fi.a., Feb. 17, 1889.
Muss us. Liitmax linos., Savannah, Gn
Dkaii bins I will write to inform vou
mat x was auiictun with, liiooii Urease.
tried one bottle of and it gave me no
relief. 1 was in bed seven months. I tried
rotnineut physicians and they could do
me no pood. 1 s;iw your advertisement of
r. 1'. in the Atmlachicolu Times, and
thought I would try it. The bottle 1 got to
nitfht makes seven or eight, and. oh. how
good 1 feel. 1 have been up ever sinee at
my, business, lumber inspector. You may
publish this if you desire. I have informed
my friends thin P.P. P. is life, health and
strength. M. P. BOULDKX.
bold by all Druggists and General Stores.
LIPPMAN BROS., Proprietors and Drug.
gists, Savannah, Ga.
DuitA.NT. Mis-).. Dec 12, 1890.)
Olliee of J. S. RoSAMAND. j
Messrs. Lii-pman Bros., Savannah, Ga.:
Gkmlkm EN While in San Antonio.
Texa9 last spring, 1 saw your advertisement
oi f. r. rrnekiy Ash, Poke KootA rotas,
siuru) in the paper for the cure of rheuma
tism, aim thought I would try bottle, had
ing such great relief from it, on my return
home I had my druggist, Mr. John McCIel
lan to order me a Mipply. After taking, 1
think ten bottU-s, 1 have not had a pain or
acbe since, previous to that I suffered for
twenty-hve (Z) years, and could not get the
least benefit until I tried P. P. P., and there
fore take pleasure in recommending it to
all. Yours Truly,
J. S. ROSAMAND.
Dr. .tenner's Kidney and Back
ache Cure U warranted to givesatis-
iaction in every case or money re
turned. For sale by J. I). Tate & Co
lujuntn. tuikTM r- f . f. u tpUndld oomblo tki,
and pmcrlb. It with fmi utl,frtloa (or tb. sum of 11
ll".l!Z8 LI l1 aa J mJ Li .JmZH Li J j
Surer foundation cannot bo
than the real merit which is
solid base for the monumental
cess of Hood's Warsaparilla.
Cures and removes all Hard, Soft or Calloused Lumps and Blemishes from
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ness from Sprains or Rheumatism, Stifles, Sweeney, Shoulder-jam, Collar Boils,
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It will always cure Bone Spavin and Pole Evil when used In the early stages
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A Wonder Worker.
Mr. Trunk Huffman, a young man
of lUirlington, Ohio, states that he
had been under the care of two prom
inent physicians, and used their treat
ment until he was not able to get
around. They pronounced his case
to be consumption and incurable, lie
was persuaded to Iry lr. King's New
Discovery for Consumption, Coughs,
Colds, and at that time was not able
to walk across the street without rest
ing, lie found before he had used
half of a dollar bottle, that be was
much better; he continued to use
it and is today enjoying good health.
If you have any Throat, Lung or
Chest trouble try it. We guarantee
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Ititchey A liostiek's Drug Store. .
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curWl iVtnn, Tiir, Rcild Hand, t'-. te.
P. P. P. Is a nnwprftil tonlf, nd nn eyellent nr
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Ladlea wbou tviiftnt ra polioned and vrboat blood It Id
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Pgpr CURES '
h lot Malaria
ni'liMi Mill ItMlC fell! bl.. Mj.
(Ji I Uii.lIIJ lclrMvil It? ll
iltnmiiip; prnjM-rtiei of P.
Bftrl P,- m'mn.
LIFPMAN BK03-, Proprietors,
Orufrgists, Ltppman's Block, BAVAK5AH, GAi
Prukty Ash, I'ota K
II- NEW YORK
One Dollar a Year,
Contains the Itest features
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Quad, late ot the Detroit 1 ree
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Send. For Sample Copy.
THE WEEKLY WORLD,
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k. THIS DrcDaration. with-
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Ou officc is Oppositc U.S. PMTNTOrrice
and we can secure patent in lets time Uian taoei:
remote from Washington.
feend model, drawing or photo., with descrip
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A PAMPHLtT. " How to Obtain Patents," with
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"WIE S T
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ASE1TT, Or Address
V. W. KNOX, Ticket Agent, or
V L. IANLEY, CP. AT. Ag'tj
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