Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVIII. KTC 39
BROWNSVILLE. TEXAS, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBEF 23. 1009
SINGLE COPIES S
A 13L JL
rtf IniYIC WCDOIIO - IMITIIDC'e 1 ft 111 0
f UiASL ff COUO . llftlUIlk OLHWO
iC fa f OOOoE. f ifs 1 1$ f 0
John Deere .Farm Implements
New Moline Wagons
New Davenport Roller-Bearing
QUALITY IS REMEMBERED
LONG AFTER PRICE IS FORGOTTEN
Hicks Hardware C o.
LOBG1XG DIFFERENT RACES
SIDE BY SIDE.
SAID DIXIE WAS MORE POPULAR DECLARES EMINENT BIOLOGIST
j LIBRARIAN SONNECK GETS INTO ! BV
f j" A PECK OK TROUBLE. J
WI1 KIN THREE YEfcS
COME TO MISSION
And We Will Convince ou
Mission Land Improve
R. N. MAG1LL, General Sales Agent -
Elizabeth Street, Hall Block WcsS of the Miller Hole!
FINAL MOMENTS 0
GROCE AND CANNON
(iiit)t E PLEADED WITH KX. iE
DIXA XOT TO SHOOT HI.
The Reports That the Men Were Tor
tured Before living Shot Are I n.
true, raimon's Bii-ast and AImIo
iihmi Horribly Torn Erom I'm'.
Asso iated Press.
Managua, Dor. l9. Recent reporU
tisat the Americans Groce and Can
non were tortured before being shot
are untrue. Groce and Cannon were
notified of the death sentence im
posed upon them at ten-thirty. No.
ember 15, and were executed the fol
On their way to the scene of exe
cution they passed the open graves
that were prepared for them. At one
time Groce stepped out of line of
march and pleaded with General Me
dina: "Do, Do not shoot me, I am
a fellow Mason."
Cannon pulled him back into line
saying "Brace up, old fellow, we have
no chance under Zelaya."
The hands of the condemned men
were bound and their eyes blindfold,
ed, and they were seated on a low
bench side by side.
The firing squau of twelve soldiers
advanced Vithin sis feet of the vic
tims and Captain Saenz instructed
two soldiers at his right to fire upon
Groce, and two soldiers at his left to
i:re ou Cannon. All four bullete were
effective. Groce was shot through
the heart, and death was instanta
neous. Cannon's breast and abdomen
were horribly torn and he surviyeu
the wounds only a few seconds.
GROUNDS FOR SEPARATION.
Relieved to Have Been Established lj
Mr. Brokaw's Testimony.
New York, Dec. 29. The sensa
tional and long drawn out Brokaw
separation suit came to a close today,
so far as the taking of testimony was
concerned. Adjournment was taken
until Saturday when the" case will be
submitted to Justice Putnam for, a
decision, after Brokaw's attorneys
have presented a statement of their
client's financial position.
New York, Dec. 29. Mrs. Mary
Brokaw's attorneys through an ex-
Of her I
iiusband. W. Gould Brokaw, declared
at the opening of court at Mineola to
d:ty, the belief that they established
by 5!r. Brokaw's testimony two
grounds for legal separation.
The net result of the Brokaw re
sponses on witness stand the plain,
tiff's lawyers claim, should lead the
court to declare that the espionage of
servants upon Mrs. Brokaw was tacit,
ly admitted by the witness and estab
lishes cruelty charge and abandon
ment shown by Brokaw's action in
Paris, and statements he made in let
ters to his wife and mother Mrs.'
OF MILK TRUST
MARVIN SCUDRER FINDS QUEER
The Borden Company Pays ( per cent,
tm Its Preferred, and 10 per cent.
n Its Common Stock. Surplus of
Nearly Nine Million, in Ten Years.
New York, Deo. 29. Investigation
into the so-called milk trust by the
special deputy of Attorney General
Coleman has been given an added im
petus today by a startling discovery
made by Marvin Scudder, the ac
countant employed by the state to go
over the books of the larger milk
companies in the city. Scudder states
that the books of the Borden cam
pain -hovved more than $ 1 5,000, ivu
out of $20,000,0ft capital stock to
be represented by "Trade marks,
, and good will," which the accountant
I sraid represented nothing tangible in
' the way of assets. On uie company's
' capitalization, a dividend of six per
; cent, is paid on preferred and 1 0 per
, cent, ou common stock. Scudder said
the books showed a surplus of ?S,
S24.230 made in ten years.
Six Degrees Below at Columbia. Mo.
St. Louis, Dec. 29. The govern
ment thermometer registered one de
gree below zero this morning. At
Columbia, Mo., it was six below, the
coldest since 1901 at this time of
year. Mrs. Carolina SchumaKer or
St. Louis was killed by an explosion
of a heater in her home this morning.
t Innocent Expression of His Obserra.
(inn us Chief of Miimc Division of
Congressiontri Lbrary Calls Fort!
Outbreak of Disapproval
By Associated Press.
i more popular
Dec. 29. "Is Dixie
than "Yankee Doo
dle?' " This question apparently
has divided the country into two
camps. 1 ne innocent assertion or i
Otto Sonneck, chief of the division
of music in the library of congress,
in a publicattion on American na
tional songs, that '"Dixie" is more
prominent as a patriotic popular air
than '"Yankee Doodle," has stirred
up a hornet's nest and even resulted
in threats of death against Sonneck.
His office in the congressional library
has been swamped with letters from
various parts of the country in which i sluu-- " ueciarea mat in r.te Lmt
the writers ttake exception to his ed states a law of nature was being
statement about "Dixie." Some of ! violate1 wlien an effort was mad. to
these letters threaten Sonneck with
uire pumsnniem and sonnecii lias,
renuested the sannrcssinn nf nmntinn !
in the newspapers of his work on
American national songs.
fill TU WIMTPR
Ur i ilL V? Iltf ! Lit
Rli'KK FROZEN THROUGH,
ENTIRE LENGTH. :
iilizzaid liiiii-ys Freezing Weather
to Upper Tier ofSouthein States
Coal simrin-n, Vonmi r,.w '
Weather Moderates This Week
By Associated Press. '
Lcjuisville, Ky., Dec. 29. The 1
conutry south from the Ohio river to
Northern Georgia and Alabama to-,
day experienced the coldest weather ,
of the winter. Louisville with a
temperature of C above is the cold,
est southern city, with Nashville a
close second at S. Chattanooga re-
norts Ifi (ipTP(s Mpmnhia IS and
Atlanta 21i. Freezing weather is
reported as far south as Central Ala
bama and Georgia, with practically
j the entire country covered with
snow of varying depths.
The Ohio river is frozen from
Pittsburg to Cairo and with naviga.
tion entirely suspended. A shortage
of coal is anticipated within the
week unless the weather moderates
Extremely Cold in North.
St. Paul. Dec. 29. Extremely low
temperatures prevailed here today at 1
Minnesota, orth and Soutii Dakota
and portions of Manitoba. It is IS
degrees below zero at St. Paul offi.
cially, Duluth reported 1C below, Hu-
ron, S. D. 20 below, the coldest being
Winnipeg where it is 28 below.
Kansas City, Dec. 29. Bitter cold
weather prevailed in the Missouri
River Valley today. It is zero at
Kansas, at Norfolk, Neb., IS below.
and Omaha G below, Sioux City, la.,
is reported 10 below, while at Des U4e-'"e mat iianaicap. Theory de
Moines It is 12 below, 7 degrees be- nianls that in rural negro locaiites
low zero is recorded at St. Joseph, tvi"tl anything less than good sanita
and six below at Sedalia
El YE Klh
Result of Boiler
at Electric Plant.
Reading, Pa., Dec. 29
were instantly killed today by the ex.
plosion of a boiler at the new plant
of the Metropolitan Electric Com
pany at West Reading. The night
watchman had iiist left the r.lnnt -ami
the day force had arrived, when the
boiler exploded. AH iv. 'h :.!i.!e-
met instant death
Dorkn Wairiors slay for R wn,e.
Paris, Dec. 29. Col. Moll, the
commander of the French forces at
Chad, reports that 300 Dorku war.
Abes'hr attacked the Meharist out- ju?ged radical" He said:
post on November 27. The warriors!' "J have never defended child labor
killed or wounded twenty tirailleurs, 38 an abstract proposition, but when
! including a lieutenant.
Double Tragedy at Peru.
Peru, Ind., Dec. 29. A man who
registered at Bears Hotel as L. B.
Lenhart, Chicago, shot and killed Do
ra' Chappell and killed himself in the
dining room of the hotel soon after
noon today. " -
j Startling Theory AcUanced By Dr.
Stiles Before Galherin- of Ameri
can Scientists in an Address To
day Cn the. Hookworm Disease. '
By Associated Press.
Boston, .Mass., Dec. 29. .taonj,
the many notable addresses that
have marked the sessions of the
American Association for the Ad
vancement of Science, wich opened
here yesterday, none have attracted
more mention than that of Dr.
Wardell Stiles, in which he advances
some startling theories ouching the
practice of transplanting races from
their natural habitat an(j placing
them side by side with others of !
widely different characteristics. Dr.
Sfjlfcs spoke on the hookworm disease
of which, he h-s made some extensive
j 10uge ultfft races of men suK by
; ..mo mm
"It is an unnatural biological con.
dition to have two cl03ely allied, spe
cies of animals living side by side in
the same area. In this count.- we
j have four races of anima', viz: the
white, the red. the vellow anil the
Ck man breallinS natures laws
by trying to live together. The om
petition of the individual.? is inten-
sified by being extended to a compe
tition between the races and we must
end, submit to the workings
of the law of the survival of the
fittest. Different races may have
different diseases and after long gen-
erations of infection a relative im.
; muninty may be developed in a given
j race through the survival of the flt
i test individuals. This partial im.
munity to the serious effects of a
disease does not imply immunity
from infection. On the contrary that
1 very immunity may tend ,to make
the partially immune race a reservoir
for infection and that infection when
transmitted to a more susceptible
race will, upon reaching such virgin
soil, be very fatal.
"The white race has brought to j
North Europe. These have spread j
with deadly effects to the blacks. The 1
negroes have brought to the south I
certain tropical diseases which have
spread to the whites with serious re-'
suits. These conditions are not in '
any way blameable to the South as i
a portion of the country, but upon
the fact that in the United States wo
are violating a law of nature when ;
he attempts to lodge different races
of men side by side in the same area.
"It is not an exaggeration to say
that the negro in the South lives un. j
der a handicap because of the pres-
nce ot tne winte man s disease and I
because of the presence of African
diseases, the white man there is also1
uuuer ;i naiiuicap. sanitary
science, if backed by intelligent prac-
tical application and authority, can
tion wo must find an extensive an-
emia among the whites:and nractical
experience bears out this thonrvi'AXY SHIPS A.D CRKUS SAN.. IX
among the tenant whites of the
"It is not only foolish but coward
ly to attempt to deny the existing
conditions and pay Jor a false sense
of local pride at the price of the
lives of women and children. For.
tunately, the better class of thought
in the South is facing facts and ot -
SanizinS for an extensive campaign
ro improve sanitary conditions. And
when the South shall win its noble
fight against disease the victory will
be great and fully repay the efforts
spent upon it."
Dr. Stilas, speaking upon child
labor in the South, took a position
which some of his hearers might have
I compare child labor and child mis.
! ery upon the soil-polluted one.horse
tarms with child labor inder t'12
vastly imnroved sanitnrv nnnrtitinn
in the Southern cotton mills, I am
forced to the conclusion that the lat
ter is infinitely better than the for
mer, and if it came to a choice be.
tween the two for my young daughter
SAN BENITO CANAL -
The Busiest Place in the Valley
nineteen miles north of Browii-sville on thj mail. 1
St. Louis Brownsville & Mexico Railway.
IfJONT FAIL TO STOP AT SAN
an Benito has the Largest
the only gravity canal in the Valley,
Eight thousaud acres of Growing Crops on the San Benito
Tract. Thousands of acres being cleared.
The town of San Benito has a population of l,50i, t-ood
schools, churches, stores and permanent and expensive
residences. Write for ILLUSTRATED BOOKLET
3 0 Lttfl
SAN BENITO, TEXAS
ALBA HEY WOOD, President and General Manager
BROWNSVILLE OFFICE OPPOSITE THE MILLER HOTEL
-.i u- fx & -s x-
:k Leveling, Subdividing, Lateral
Two eRr- First At. Enjr Paiama Csnni: fi.nr
Cei:trai R. Mtaoix', nire t .its irrjjrat.on :u.'.
-rt in Tta. Nw .Vtxu i ,n..i
lv exierienit of vIue to y hi. E:ii;nirrri:i4 1
: -n'tuinn and liowlf ilc Ipo-s- has iu :i au ini- i
ii;!;- If joj w.'nt to k:,o.v thv f-l v..f. tj irr ,
Had piec-- of land !iHi!s to re im-i.'t') jii't trc.i.'t'.
s'orn mi iiffcrtrt hrrclion;; M-ine jjwj ti are hij;'", t
of a:i i eutiicttl iiinl ucc .Miii ti'j::.tt.r ti lun'ii
jtevtue d. . Xtu .ir- n"t exi e"lrcn:i;: I i :r.
entiict t- t .1' V r: la:"'. 1 . ui a: ,i.rt''
now ten years old, my duty would
compel me to choose hr a li!'.- :n rh
siiinning room or the average cotton f
mill of the South, which I have visit
ed, in preference to a life of toil
and misery on the avergae insani.
tary tennant farm I have studied
"f am nnnlilp to ioin in the whnlc-
c6ndemnation of the South', .
ton mills for l rec0gnize in them
the best friends the tennant whitea
.... n...., .
i ui uie auuui nave.
Storm Raged Six Days, Not Abating
I'ntil Today, tireat Destruction Re-
, ported Throughout Newfoundland.
All Wires Are Down-.
: Associated Press.
, ?:- Jo'ins. N. F.. Dec. 29. Eleven
Newfoundland schooners a ad
totaling sixty men ae .believed to
! have been 'ost in the Christmas bhz
j zard iv hile Teat destruction of pro.
' rerty throvgnout this island colony
The storm wli'uh readied
j height on Sunday. rag-d six days but
today abated considerably. AH tele-
St aph lines in the interior of the to
T"0 ilnxart nil -mntfo onm in
lg. V T A UUU 1 C)V1 IC ttUtit 111-
points are slow in reaching here.
New Tariff Kill for France.
By Associated Press.
Paris, Dec. 29. Chamber de Putis
today adopted a new tariff Bill as a
i whole. The vote was 365 to 142
AVheat and Oat Market.
Chicago, Dec. 29. Wheat.
117 7-8: Mav 111 3S at 1-2. Corn.fPorts from Bagdad of public direon-
Dec. 62 5-8; Jan. 62; Oats, Dec. 44;
Man- 4SV m-S
VIEW FROM LOCK No. 3
BENI 10 WHILE IN THF i IPV
Canal fn the State of
-;- -:- -r -:- -:- -:- -;- -t-
Building, Concrete Construction
: rs 1 r Vry
; i : 1 1 1 tn'li.r
"rf c rfl F r"fi A TI
J OtluHfcbA 1 L
col. iiovr savs suoi i.D re rhl.
EGATED TO RESERVATIONS.
Tribes f Southern Philippines Far
Behind Tliei Northern .Whrhbors
Should Bi- Governed 1'iMtcr Sji
. Washington, Dec. 29 - Mecavjue
ninety yer cent cvf the inhal itatit of
the southern jirotip of the Philippine
' Islands are barbaric tnbe ot .Mores,
i who are either pagans or n.i'j.t hri
tians, snvstge in 'heir instimts, righf
; in? for gain or tewnge, v, ith f.mati
t cal disregard lor -Jeath, and many
years behind the i nle of t!:e north
ern Philipi.iric"-- in intt-llitiK aBtf
general iv il'utum. Col ttah.i tloyl
ot the 2."th I." S Infantry, governor
o." Moro provm'-, lerommrnds that
r'ese island ie 'Tiistitiitcd a sep
a. ate governmeni and the native? re
'."gated to reservations.!! advocates
a'great;n ih" Southern Islands,
. .Mindanao, Sulu Archipelago, PaJa
.an and si-ialh i adjacent inlands ini
one division to be ailed Mindanao
GRAND IXIKR RESKiVS. "
Sultan !tisi.-iisos With Advisr, Ou
Aciotmt of Dissatisfaction. ,
tan today accepted the resigaation of j
Constantinople, Dec. 29. The
Hilmi Pasha as grand vizier. The
rK,sn Press auriDuies tne retire-;
! ment of Hilmi. Pasha to differences
between tue ministry wnicn resignefl
last night and the committee -oe
union and progress over the general
! policy of the government and to tc-
tent because of the existing monoply
' of navigation.
m U& VVHBLfl uu.