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The state journal. (Jefferson City, Mo.) 1872-1886, January 10, 1873, Image 1

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The State Journal.
vnra.ttiet r.VRW rmDAf
JiritCH MREEOITII,
, Trrma or NabMrtntlo l , -, ,
ingle rojuVa. per year 3 00
.Club of fir, par yctr.... 178
4'lubi af Irs 1 SO
; rsriuiBLV IK u'ira.
PBOSPECTUS
STATE JOUENAL
A Km Prtptr lit thn State Capital
of Missouri.
Vlrldlnf: fbf-41rme K flir long fontlnnod de
mands of the public, Ihe requirements of Uir
limes, the InterrJit of JJIsourt mid hrr rapUal,
the welfare of all hef worthy catrrnrtaa and
iudtiAlrle, fne want, of farmer, uierehanU,
miner, mui'liniilr, and. in abort, tba need, of
everybody, c have here, at Jefferaon City, the
capital of Miaaourl, catanlUhod thla paper.
lire originate tlie bvwa uf the State, and here
tTldr the executive, authority tlmt givoa tbem
etifiin'riucut; liore the aclHrain of ofltoo-.re.kera
arc laid and the Intrigue of politician hatched
terc the potli ii ot trlte culminate In vlrtory
or defeat, and incaure for Weal or woo to the
people are decided j hero, from year to year, la
fc.mcrnl, aa In one grand granary, the glean
ing, uf the harvests of the commonwealth which
tell of her prosperity and power the rlehneia
of her mine, and their devclopmenta, tho x-
trnt of her trade and ita Increasing spread, the
wealth uf her agriculture and Its happy reaidt
-of all that relates to her greatness and glory.
I it all these matters, the enactments of the Leg
taturc,tho mrasurea of authority adopted by
the Executive for their execution, the rulings
of the Slate Auditor in revenue and other mat'
ter., the opinions of the Attorney General, the
affairs of the State Treasury, the condition of
Bnanrc, Slate and local; of the movements of
politician, ami the manipulations of party poll.
tics, of mining, manufacturing, agriculture and
commerce, the State Jui hnal will contain
faithful and elaborate reports.
A Law liepartinent, In which will be contain
ed rraouably full reports of the decisions of
Ihc Slate and Federal Courts sitting here, edited
In s manner to aerve the wants of the lopd pro
fession, not only, but the dally wants of practi
cal business men, will he a distinguishing fea
ture of the paper.
The Local Department of the State .Toi r
N.vi. will be under a vigorous management, and
conducted with the single purpose of promot
ing tbc welfare of the capital city of Missouri :
the building up of her business and her business
men. n this regard the managers of the S tatk
Jul'ftNAL. will-have noeueudes to punish but
many friends to reward. Their purtnee always
will be to build up. Suggestions, which obser
vation and experience will regulate, concerning
itnpruvements in which citizens are interested,
Information upon all local topics, and a full and
nmrlcss dlpcusttou of every public enterprise,
will here dud ifcee.
The New. peparlincnl will embrace, In n
brl(f a form as possible, a full report of current
evnls, with Idlers, from able correspondents
at Washington, New Yorlt, St. Louis and Chi
cago. ...
A Department devoted to the Interests of arb
t ulture and gcueral farm and household !ntvli'
vcuee, will receiv e the most careful and particle
lar attention. . : -
Au eapeelul feature will be a Department de
voted to matters rclatlug to the vast mineral
resources of the Htate and their development, to
mines, foundries and (nctoriea, to railroad ami
river Iniprovement-ejiterprlses to all Industrial
interest, ' ' 1
The Literary Deparlmeut of the paper will be
l ouducted with the most serupulmia care. Orig
ins) and selected matter, designed to entertain
and instruct, will occupy a fair share' of Its pages.
In political sentiment the Statu Jorn.NAi.
will he Rrpiiii.ir.iv supporting the adminis
tration of President firant in Its general features,
though with that spirit of Independence which
will warrant perfect freedom to, at all times,
criticise any act thereof that may deserve cen
sure, in an honc&t purpose to proiagate sound
licpubllf an doctrines, 'h , .t
In brief, the Stats Jiu'Bnai, wMI -rainiuend
itself to the patronage of all classes throughout
the lsnd. It will answer tho demand that ao
rousplcuously exists tor a ne w paiier-hrre at the
t spllal, and has every assurance that It will reef-he
the encouragement It deserves. ' -r
' ' TKKM.Si
Single ropiet par year I 00
t lubs of rive per year 1 16
i 'lubs of Ten, tAMJj.iASMt-M -..-,-' X flu
our friends throughout the Stale are requea
tcj to aid In gelling up and forwarding siibsorlp-
lions. . -
Moiiry may bo forwarded iu Checks, Drafts
and Post uttlee Orders, - i " " .
All cunuuuiik'atiaiM should bo addressed to
BfBCH tt MFJJEDlTn.
. Jefferson City, Mo.
H. ii. jou.ao. , . .-. j i BOTsrnun.
JOHNSON & BOTSFOKIJ.
Attorneys at lav
JTelTcrsou City, MliwourL
WILL (1IVE 8PKCIAI, ATTESTION TO
T Cases in the I'nitcd States Circuit Und
District Courts. .; 0c.ri,W-lf.
FKEDRIC TH: JUDSOX, ,;.
Attorney & Counsellor,
m KOBTII THIRD 8TBKET,
dc.27,T;tf.' ;".'.' I; Vtt. IjOUsH, MO.
Dr.UH0MPS0N,
MEaiGINH:9SUR8EBY.
Oyr)CR-pri, foot prtcaj'
. docS7,TMr
VOL. 1.
THE MTTLK UKAVKft.
A'll's only a little grave." they aaM,
"i tnlv just a child that's dead."
And mi tliev carelessly turned away
From the mound the spade bad utailo that
dav.
Ah l the did not know how deep shade
That little grove In our home had made.
1 know the voflln was narrow and small,
One yard would have served for au ample
Tall;
Ann one man la his arm could have borne
wv
The rosewood ami Its freight of clay,
ltul I know Hint dulling hoiie were hat
Jleucalh that little coillti-lid.
I know that a mother stood that day
Villi folded hand by tliat form of clay;
' 1 know Ibut burning tears wen hid
' 'Neath the drooping lash and aching lid:"
Audi know her lip, und elni'k. slid brow,
Wrra almost as white as her baby's now.
1 know that some things were hid away,
The crimsou frock, and wrappings gay ;
The little sock, and the half-worn shoe.
The can wtlh tls oluinc and tassels blue!
And the empty crib, with Us cover, spread,
As vt line as me race oi tnu ainiess ucim.
Tls a little grave; but oh! have caret
For world-wide hopus are buried there ; 1
And ye, itcrhaim. in coming yen in,
May see like heir, through blinding tears,
How much of light, how muck uf joy,
Is burled up with an only boy I
Mother's Journal
HATUlilsAY- XIOIIT.
Placing the little huts all In a row,
Keady for church on the morrow, you know ;
Wasliiug wee tacea aiid little blaek'Hsts,
tfetting them ready and nt-to be kisssl ;
Putting them iulo clean garments and white ;
That is what mothers are doing to-nighl.
Spying out holes In the little worn hose,
tayiug by shoes that an worn thro' the toes,
liooking o'er garment so fndisl ami thin
Who but a mother knows when1 to begin
4 'banging a button to make It look right
i hat is what niotner are uuing to-nignr.
Calling flie Utile ones all 'round tier chair.
Hearing them lisp forth their soft evening prayer.
Telling them stories of .lesiisof old.
Who loves to gather the Inmb to his fold ;
Watching. Ibev listen with childish delight
That is what mothers arc doing to-nlgbt.
Creeping so softly to take a but peep,
After the little ones nil an- asleep;
Anxious to know If I list children an warm,
Tucking the blanket round each little form;
KisMier eiieli little Itiee. eov Mini In-lL'tit
That is what mothers arc doing to-night.
Kneeling down gcplly Imoldc the v hltc bed.
Lowly and meekly she bows down her head,
Praying us only a mother ran pray.
'Mod guiue ami neci inem rrum going astray.
Discovery of tho Mississippi,
This is the anniversary year of the lirsl
discovery uf the Mississippi river of which
we !i.o any reliable ir intelligent ac
count, ami to which we trace the origin of
Ktiropcim settlements along Its shores two
hundred year ago.
Louis Juliet, tlie sou of a f 'anadia.i wa
gnu-maker nt tjurlnw, nil Intelligent ami
enU'i-prising lur trailer, ami Jacques Mnr-
qttette of the early Canadian Jesuit Mi
sioiiurics, were the discoverers.
The tiarative of their adventures glvn
" PnrkinaM'n Discovery of the firenl
Weit" Is more , tike an Imaginary legend
of a long ngo forgotten land than like the
real history of the land in which we live.
Jesuit Missions had been establish
ailing the great lakes. Of these the farth
est was doubtless al what is now Green
Bay, Wisconsin. Here the journey ol'dlf
eoverv rcaiiv conimcneei;, ami as the nar
rative runs ; 1 !
The travelers entered the Fox river;
wttn itillteultv mid labor drairirod their
eanoes up the long ami tumultuous rapids;
crossed Lake Winnebago; ami followed
the, quiet windings of the river beyond,
where they glided through nti endless
growth ol wild rice, and seared the inniini
erable bird lluit fed upon it. On either
hand roliuil the .n airie, dotted with groves
anil trees, nrovvsiug j-lk and ileer. On the
sovetith of Juno Ihev reached the
Mtiseoutins and Miami, who, since the
visit of Dabloti and Alloitc?;, had beeu
joined by the Ktck.ipoos. Manpiette, who
nau nil eye lor natural neaiity, was cle
lighted with the situation of 'tlie town,
which he describes' us standing on the
crown of a hill ; while, nil around, (he
prairie stretched beyond the sight, inter
spersed with (Troves' and holt of tall for
est. Hut he. was still more delighted when
p:
place, 't he Indians had decorated It with
a tiiiiulier of dressiii deor-skina, rest Bir
dies and Ikiws and arrows, which they had
hung upon it as an offering to the t; rent
.,..iiii...m ui ,iiu -iriien-rn f.igni iy si men.
as .iitirnuuue aaya, no was "extremely
consoled. ' i . -.
' Thu travelers had no sooner reached the
town than they called the chiefs and eld
ers to a council. Juliet told them that the
Coventor of Canada had sent him to dis
cover new countries, and that Cod had
sent liis companion to tench the true faith
to the inhabitants and he prayed for
giuues tu snow tnetn ma way to tnn waters
of tho Wisconsin. The council readily
consented ; and on the tenth of June tlie
Frenchmen embarked again, with two In
dians to conduct them. All thetowitrnmc
down to the shore to son their deuarture.
Hero were tlie Minmis, with long locks of
nair (tangling over oacn ear, aiuir a man
Ion which Marquette thought verv bottom
iug : and here, too, tho Mascoutins and
tho Kiukaiooa, whom he describes as mere
boors in cotnpnrisou with their Miami
townsmen. All stared alike at the seven
advcuttircrs, marvulling that men could
oe touna to nut an enterprise so Hazard
ous. -:i--..i '
Tlie river twisted : amontr lakes and
marshes choked with wild rloe ; and, but
tor their iruidea, ther could scareelr have
followed the perplexed and narrow chan
nel. It. brought theiu at lost to the por
tage ; whern, alter carrying their canoe a
mile and a -half over the prairie and
throuirh tho marsh, thev launched them on
the Wisconsin, hade farewell to the waton
that flowed to the at. Lawrenon, and com
mitted thetnsolvos to the current that was
to Ixiar them they knew mat whither
pwnap to me uuu oi ' siexico.
perhan to the i Kouth beov or
the t.ull of California. They Willed
calmly down the tranquil stream, Ivy Is
lands choked with trawi and matted-with
euUngllng trrape-vineai by forest, groves.
and prairius-uta parka- anAV-aieanra-.
grounds of a prodigal nature by thicket
aud marshes and broad bare sand-bar ;
aador aha shadowing trees, between whose
tons looked down from afar the bold brow
ol some woody bluff. At night, the bivou
ac the eauoes inverted on tk book, the
dickering Ire, the meal of M son-Cook ar
renisoa, the evening plpeov and shtmber
eeneaxu tne stars t ana woe in sne morn
Ins" thev embarked again, the must hunsr
! on the river Jiio a bridal veil ; then melted
lie
JEFFERSON CITY,
before the sun. Hill tlie gllassy water mid
the lnngnid woods basked breathless in
tho sultry gluro.
Vln tile litn sv jstie, tey saw on uicir
right the broad eaikiws, liiiunded in the
distance by ntg)p4 hills, where now stand
the town and fort of I'rnirin du t'hien. Ile
fore them, a wide and rapid current cours
ed athwart their way, lit the foot of lofty
heights wrapped thick in forests. They
had found what, thev sought, mid " with ft
joy," writes Marquette, " wUi I cannot
express, ' I ney stswrea looui mcir canoes
on tho eddies of the MiesisMiipi.
Turning southward, they paddled down
the stream, through a solitude unrelli'Ved
bv the fninteat trace of mini. A large fish,
apparently one of the huge cat-Dsn of the
Mississippi, lilundured against Marquette's
canoe with a force which scums to have
startled him ; and once, as tbuv drew in
their net, they caught a " spade-Ash,"
whose eccentric appearance greatly aston
ished them. At h'liirth, the buffalo began
to appear, grazing In herds on tho groat
prairies which then Imrdered the river;
and Marquette describe the fierce and
stupid look of the old hulls, us they stared
at the intruders through the tangled mane
which nearly blinded them.
Thev advanced with extreme caution.
landed at night, and made n lire to cook
their evening meal ; then extinguished it,
embarked again, paddled some way far
ther, and anchored in the stream, keening
a man on the watch till morning. J hey
had journeyed mom than a fortnight with
out meeting a human I wing; when, on the
2.i!h, thev oiscovercd footprints oi men in
the mud of the western bank, and a well
trodden oath that led to the adjacent
prairie. Juliet and Marquette resolved to
follow it; and, leaving the canoes iu
charge of their men, thev set out on their
ha.ariloiis adventure, ine nay was lair,
mil thv walked two leatnies in silence,
follow ing the path through tlie forest and
across the sunny prairie, till they discov
ered u Indian "village on the banks of a
river (the Des Moinos), and two others on
a hill half a lea-rue distant. Now, with
beating hearts, they invoked the aid of
Heaven, anil, again nuvillicing, enun-so
near without being seen, that they could
hear the voices ot the mutatis nniong the
wigwams. Then they stood forth in lull
view, ami shouted, to attract attention.
rhore was irreal commotion in the village,
The inmates swarmed out of their huts.
and four of their chief men presently came
forward to meet the strangers, advancing
verv deliberately, and holdiui: up toward
tlie'sim two calumets, or pencc-pipes, dec
orated with feathers. 'I hey stopped ab
ruptly before the two Frenchmen, and
slooii "razine at them with attention, with
out speaking a word. Murqucttit was
much relieved on seoiiiif thev wore r reucli
cloth, whence he judged that they must be
Irieiids and allies, lie broke tlie silence
and tisked them who they were ; when
iinon tltcv answered tlutt thev were Illi
nois, nmt offered the pipe ; which having
been duly smoked, they all went together
to the village. Hero the chief received
the travelers alter n sinirular fashion
meant to do them honor. He stood stark
naked at the door of a large wigwam
holdinir up both hands as if to shield his
eves. Frenchmen, how bright the sun
sliines when you come to visit us! All our
village nivalis volt; and vott shall enter
our vvlcwams in neace." tin saving, lie
led them Into his own; which was crowd
ed to suffocation with savages, staring at
their etiests in silence. Having smoked
with the cluels and old men; Hiey were in
vited to visit the irreat chief of all the J Hi
nois, at one of the villages they had seen
iu the distance : and thither they proceeded
followed by a throng of warriors, squaws,
and children. On arriving, they were
forced to smoke again. -111111 listen to
speech of welcome from the great chief:
who delivered it. standing between two
old men, naked like himself. His lodge
was crowded with the dignitaries ol the
tribe; whom Mar.iuette addressed ill Al
gonquin, announcing himself as a messen
ger tent ny tne lion who nan maun tnem,
and whom it behooved them to recognize
and obey. He added n few words totteh-
inir the power and glory of Count r route-
n:ie. and concluded by asking information
concerning the Mississippi, and the tribes
along us lianas, wnom tie was on ins wav
to visit, tho chiel replied with a speech
of compliment assuring his guests that
their presence added flavor to his tobacco,
mails he fiver more calm, the sky more
serene, and tho earth more beautifiil. In
conclusion, ho ga;e tliein n young slave
and a calumet, begging them at the same
lime in iinauuon inuir purpose i ui-sueuu-ing
the Mississippi. ,
A feast of four courses now followed,
First, 'a wooden bowl full of n porridge of
Indian meal Colled wit it grease was sot
beforo the guests, unu tne master oi coro
uiontex fed them in turn, like. infants, with
a large spoon. Then nppcarod a platter
offish; and the same functionary, careful
ly removing tho bono with his lingers,
and blowing on the morsel to cool them
placed them in the mouths of the two
Frenchmen, A large dog, killed and
cooked for the occasion, wns next placed
before tliein ; but, failing to tempt their
fastidious appetites, was supplanted by a
dish of fat bufl'alo-mcat, which concluded
the entertainment. Tlie crowd having
dispersed, btinalo-rolies were spread on
thu ground, and Marquetto and Jollct
spent the night on the scene of tlie lute
festivity. In tho morning, the chief, with
some six nundred ot ins trtnesmen, escort
ed them to their eauoes, and bade them,
alter their stolid tashiou, a friendly fare
well. Again they Were on their way, slowly
uniting down tne great river, l ney tmsseci
mo moutn oi tue Illinois, ana guaea do
neatb that lino of rocks on the eastern side,
cut Into fantastic forms by tlie elements,
and marked as " The Kulned Castles" on
some of the earlv French man. 1'rosontly
the beheld a sight which reminded them
that the Dev i was still lord paramount of
this wilderness. On the flat tue oi a high
rock (just above Alton), were painted in
red, black and green a pair of monsters
eaoh " as targe aa a call, with horns like a
doer, red eyes, a beard like a tiger, and a
frightful expression of countenance. The
face Is something like that of a man, the
body covered with aealea t and the tail so
long uuu it naaae entirely round tne ooay
over the bead and between the legs, end
ing like that of a fish." Such is the ac
count which the worthy' Jesuit gives of
theaa manitout, or Indian god, lie eon
teases that at Oral they frightened him
and hi Imagination and that of hi crodu
lou companion wen n wrought upon
ny wiese imnaiiowea eiroru or inntan art,
that Ussy confirmed far a long time to talk
oi tbem as Ibe piled taotr paditloa, met
Ihey
SUd-
wen tlra amgsvgiid, when they were
dealy ar4Bsed by a taoW danger.1 A
A tor
rent of yellow mad raahed fiirlottsly- ath
wart the calm blue currant of the Missis
sippi j boiling and surging, and swoopiug
,,,.,,.., . ; , i i .i i . . .
itfiii t-.' i -; i;..- -l '
Htate J oumal.
MO., FRIDAY, JANUARY lO, 1873.
in it course logs, branches, and itproolcd
trees, Thev had reached the mouth of
the Missouri, where that savage river, des
cending from it mad career through a
vast nnknowu uf barbarism, poured its
rurlild floods tntn the bosom 't its gentler
sister. Their light canoe whirled on the
mirv vortot like dry leaves on an angry
brook. ' f never," writes Marquette,
saw anything more terriue;" out they
escaped with their fright, and held their
way down the turbulent and swollen cur
rent of the now nnilod rivers. They pass
ed the lonely forest that covered the site
if tho destined city oi St. Louis, and, a
few days later, saw on their left the mouth
of the stream to which the Iroquois had
given the well-merited name ot Ohio, or,
the Itcntitilul Kiver. ISoon thev began to
see thu marshy shores buried iu a dense
growth of the cane, with its tali straight
stems and feathery light-green foliage.
1 no sun glowed tnrongu tue nazy air with
iittiriitil slitltnsr lurat. nnil. nv tlsv anil
night, inosuuitova in. myriads lett them no
peaco. They floateil slowly down the
current, crouched in the shade of the sails
wliih thev had spread as awnings, when
suddenly thev saw Indians on tho east
bank. The surmise was mutual, and each
party was as much frightened as the other.
Mariptette hastened to display the calumet
which the Illinois had given him by way'
of passport ; anil the lndinns, recognizing
the pacific symbol, replied with an invita
tion to land. Kvidcittly, they were in
communication with Ktiropcaiis, for they
were armed with guns, knives and hatch
ets, wore garments of cloth, and carried
their gunpowder in small unities ot tines,
glass. They Icasted thu Frenchmen with
biill'alo-muat. boar's oil and white plums
and gave them a variety of doubtful Infor
mation, including ttie ugrncauic out deiu
sivo assurance that they would reach the
mouth uf thu river in ten davs. It was, in
fact, more than a thousand miles distant.
Thev resumod their course, and again
filiated down the intcrniiiiablii monotony
if river, marsh and forest. Day al'ler day
passed on in solitude, and they had pad
dled sjiiic three hundred miles 'since their
meeting with the Indians t when, as they
uc.ttVd the mouth ol the Arkansas, thev
saw a cluster of wigwams on the west
bank. Iheir Inmates were all a-tir, yell-
nig the war-whoop, sntiteiiiug their weap
ons, nnd running to the shore to meet the
strangers, who, on their part, called for
succor to the Virgin. In truth they had
need of her aid ; for several largo wooden
eauoes, Idled with savages, were putting
out Irom tho shore, nnovc ami below them
to cut oil' their, retreat, while n swarm of
headlong young warriors waded into the
water to attack them. Tlie current proved
too strong; and, tailing to reach the ca
noes of the Frenchmen, one of them threw
his war-club, which tlew over the heads of
Ihe startled travelers. Meanwhile, Mnr
nuctte had not ceased to hold up his calu
met, to which the excited crowd gave no
hoed, but strung their bows nnd notched
their arrows lor immediate action ; when
at length the elders of tho village arrived.
saw the peace-pipe, restrained the ardor
of the youth, and urged the Frenchmen to
come a-hore. .Marquette and tils compan
ions complied, trembling, and found u bel
ter reception than thev had reason to ex
pect. One of the Indians spoku a little Il
linois, ami served as iulerpretor; a friend
ly conlerenoc was tullowed by a least ol
sagtiiuite audlish; and the travelers, not
without sore misgivings, spent the night
:.. .1... I...I..... ..I' i...i.. .-..'.. .....j
III llio nni);i.a oi mull ruinniiiiu
Earlv in the morning, they embarked
again, and proceeded to a village ol the
Arkansas tribe, about eignt leagues below.
Notice ol their coming was sent belon
them Uv their late hosts ; and, as they drew
near, uicy vve.ro met oy a oanou, in me
prow of which stood a naked personage,
holding a calumet, singing, and making
gestures ol Irienttsiup. ou reaching tlie
village, which was on the east sldo, oppo
site the mouth of the river Arkansas, they
were conducted to a sort of scaffold before
tliu lodge of the war-chief. The space be
neath had been prepared for their recep
tion, tho ground beiug neatly covered with
rush mats. On these they were seated ;
thu warriors sat around thorn Iu a semi
circle; thou the cldors of the tribn; and
then the promiscuous crowd of villagers,
standing, and staring over the heads of
the more dignified members of the assem
bly. All the men were naked; but, to
compensate' for the lack of clothing, they
wore strings of beads in their noses and
ears. The Women were clothed in shabby
skins? and wore Iheir hair clumped in u
mass behind each car. Ny good luck,
there was a young Indian in tho village,
whtriiad an exeellentknow ledge of Illinois ;
and through him Marquette, endeavored
to explain the mysteries of Christianity,
and to gain information concerning tlie
river below. To this end ho gave his au
ditors the presents Indispensable on such
occasions, but received very little in re
turn. They told him that tlie Mississippi
was infested by hostile Indians, armed
with gun procured from white, men ; nnd
that ihey, tlie Arkansas, stood in such fear
of llioin'that thev dared not limit the buf
falo, but were forced (0 live on Indian
corn, of which they raifi.l three corps a
year. . "
During the speeches on cither side, food
was brought in without ceotiugj some
time a platter of sagamilu or Jiusli;
sometimes of corn boiled whole; some
time a roasted dog. The villagei s had
large earthen-pots nnd platters, made by
themselves w ith tolerable skill, as well
as hatchets, knives, nnd Leads, gained by
truffle with the Illinois aud other tribes in
contact with tho French or bpunlanls.
AU day there was fuasting without respite,
alter the incrcileH pructioe uf Indian hos
pitality ; but at night some of their enter
tainers proposed to kill kud plunder them,
a scheme, which was defeated by the vi
gilance of tho chief, who v isited their
quarters, and danced thi ,'alui lot u)uice to
reussure his guests.
The travellers now held counsel as to
what course they should dike. They had
gone fur enough, as they thought, to es
tablish one Important jiolnt that the Mis
sissippi discharged its waters, not into the
Atlantic err sea of Vlruinn, nor Into the
Oulf of California or ermilliun Sea, but
into the (Julf of lioxiuo. They thought
themselves nearer to its mouth than they
actually were the distance being still
about seven hundred liiiloi; ana they
feared that,' if they went farther, they
might bc-Jillled by Indians or captured by
Spaniards, - whereby tb result of their
discovery would be loa. Therefore they
resolved to return to Canada, and report
what they had soon. , -
They left tho Atkaaii village, and be
gan their homeward voyage on the seven
teenth of July. It Was no easy task to
urge their Way upward, in the beat of mid
summer,, against tho current uf the dark
and gloomy stream, toiling all day under
the parching sun, aud sleeping at night in
the exhalations of the unwholesome shore,
. i-. t .
or 111 the narrow confines of their birchen
vessels, anchored on the river. Marquette
was iittacked with dysentery. Languid
ami well-nigh spent, he Invoked his celes
tial mistress, as dav after day, and week
alter week, they won their slow way
northward. At length they reached the
Illinois, nnd, entering it mouth, followed
its course, charmed, as they went, Willi
it plneld waters, its shady forests, nnd its
rich plains, gnuw-ii by the bison and the
deer. They stopped "at a spot soon to be
made famous in the nnnals of western dis
covery. This was a village of the Illinois,
then called Kaskaakii a name alterwnnl-
transferred to another locaiita-. A chief,
with a band of young warriors, offered to
guide them to tho Lake of tho Illinois;
that is to say. Lake Michigan. Thither
they repain'd ; and, coasting it aaorca,
n-iu'hcd tireen May at the end of Septem
ber! after an absence of about four months,
during which they had paddled their ca
noes somewhat more than two thousand
live hundred miles.
A ltrnvc Hoy.
Napoleon used to speak of " four o'clock
In "tho morning'' courage, which he
thought the only kind worth much admira
tion. He meant, we suppose, what is
called presence of mind tlie ability to de-
elde rat) i v iinon and as ramd v to do t he
best thing" or nearest the best tiling n -
quired iu an emergency, i nere is per
haps no faculty more decidedly inborn
and natural than this. When a great
cincrgciicy, at sea for instance, arises bv
which a number of lives arc put in peril,
there Is usually some one. not perhaps of
those iu nuthorlthy, who asserts his right
of leadership, takes command, it may be
out of the hands of the officers, and in
spires the whole tremulous, crowd with
fortitude. This ability, this born power
.1- , I I.!.. .1.! . .!.! 1 .1 .! - ,
oi ieaiicKiop, mis lupin aim oei isivo qual
ity of decision, was recently exhibited by
a mere lad at Dawltsh, htigland, tltiriu a
peril of which we find mi iiccutiul in a id
ler wntten by Admiral t raigie lo Hie c
retarv of the Lite-lloat Association.
A buy, Frederick Tomanc by name, anil
only fourteen years of age, had occasion
to go from some place near F.xmouth iu a
small dititrv, when the tide suddenly swept
him out into the open sea. There was a
brisk gale Irom the is. r.., and the uoy im
mediately got up his tiny mast and sail,
vainly hoping lo find some sheltered placi
where he could land. He was fastdnven,
however, upon the heavy breakers
When he was within a few hundred yards
of Dawlish Ilencli he anchored, in the des
pernio hope of holding on until the sea
should a little subside. He had now at
tracted the atteiitiou of those on shore to
his perilous situation, but it was impossible
to send him ant wiuiout loo great a risk
of life, Nothing could live, in broken the
water, with occasional heavy rollers, cx
eept a lilc-boat, ami the lile-boat was at
Tciirumouth. Tlie little fellow in the din
gy made up his mind that she would soon
swamp where she wns ; so ho rapidly got
I.!.. 1 ....!! .,.-..!. I.-I....1 l.l
lli Ills Iliill unu !,;ut ii.ini, neinei, in:
anchor, and stood lo the westward. Id:
craft ulino.-t ou her beam ends. "Willi
lightning "precision and decision," ho se
lected the only spot where he could pos
sibly have lauded, nnd boldly hearing up,
he pushed his htlle boal Into the loamy
water. Over Ihe first roller she went lik
a sea-gull, but then she was sitddetilv be
calmed, so thatit seemed inev itable that
she must soon broach t', be rolled over
and knocked to pieces, 'i he small marin
er, however, remained perfectly collected
with his tiller in one hand and the sheet
in the other. Then tlie gale again caught
Ills sail, and oyer the socond roller he
went right upon the beach. There was
now no need of the life-boat from Teign-
motith, and siie was coiiiiU'riunudtd. Ad
miral ('raigie, supported in li is opinion bv
a navel frictul of great experience who
saw the whole, testifies that this hoy ol
fourteen did the very best which could be
done under the circumstances took the on
ly course which afforded the least ehaiici
of escape, and showed (M use the Admir
al's wunU) thai "courage, self-reliance,
and judgment are the chief clement of
success on such occasions,
What a contrast does the calm bravery
of this boy exhibit lo the panic fear often
betrayed by men In like emergencies!
tlie helpless terror, the suicidal prostration,
and thu miserable despair I The lad was
young, hllt.hc was old enough and ex
'beriened enough to comprehend fully the
...l.,.nn.. ..I-IU .t Ilia l,..r.....nl
u-. ' wi. m ........... ...- j,...........
may have been no better than thai of
many men similarly imperiled, out sucn
as ll was lie was masiur ot it. w e nave
nH a love of life, but how many of us have
a trustworthy Instinct of sclf-preservnliou:'
now many, since u is it fo-ie-e, m one
form or another , which tills so many
graves!' .V. Y. Tribune.
The IK'ii.1 Child.
We know nut whence this comes, but It
will go straight to tho heart ; to thine cer
tainly bereaved mother, and send thy
thoughts to the littlo hillock In the grave
yard, nnd thence speedily to the cmpyrian
where God dnellelh;
Few things nppenr so boauliful as u
young child in lis shroud. The little in
nocent face looks so sublimely simple and
confiding nmong tho cold terrors ol death
Crimeless and fearless Hint little mortal
has passed along under Ihe shiulow. There
Is death in its sublimest and purest Image;
no hatred, no hypocrisy, uo suspicion, no
earn lur the morrow ever ctarkuneu mat
little face: death has come lovingly upou
It; there is nothing cruel or harsh In its
victory. Ihe yearnings ot low, indeed,
cannot be stilled; for the prattle and smile,
alt the littlo w orld of thought that were so
delighted, are gone lorever. awc, too,
will overcast us In Its presence; for the
loiielc Vfiviiver. foe the child has crone.
simple and trusting. Into the pnisence of
an all wise rattier; ami ni sucn, wc know
is the kingdom of heaven.
A CLt'-KflVMAN was recently annoyed by
fieoplo talking and giggling. Tie paused,
ooked at the disturbers, and said, "I aui
always afraid to reprove those who riilslie.
bane' fur this reason : Boras year since,
as I wa preaching, a young man who ant
betore me wa constantly laiigmng. Mint
ing, and making uncouth grimaces. I
naused and administered a severe, rebuke,
After the close of tho service, a gentleman
said to me. 'air. vou made a great mis
take. That young man you reproved Is
an Idlol.' Dllire tunc l nuve am j a ncvu
afraid to- reprove (base who misbehave
tliemsolve in a eliapel, lest I should re
peat that mistake and reprove another
Idiot." During the rest of the service
there was good order. i j
- Tki'S liuiullltv oonsist not ao much in
thinking meanly of ourselves, as in .not
imnKUig oi ourseivet at au.
NO. 3.
c. w. Tiiosiv. .i. t. enwrs.
THOMAS & CRAVEN,
PE Ai.F.RS IN
STAPLE an! FANCY
GROCEIUES,
WINES and LIQUORS,
C'IGARH, TOBACCO,
CORN, OATS, SHORTS & BRAN,
Country Product nought for Cash
KxrltiMvely.
Corner Iliscti and Madison .sirret.
JEFFERSON CITY, MO.
piin.ir ii. wiiitk. tiiomas o. jyu:it
WHITE & JANVIER,
HEAI.l'RS IV
HARDWARE,
Cutlery & Agricultural
IMPLEMENTS.
HAKHWAMK, f'AUI'KXTF.K.V TOOLS,
ItM'KET AND TA1U.E CT'l i.ERY,
Gl'NS AND 1'ISTOI.S,
A NI AIX KINDS OF AMMIXITIOX
jlm. consluutly on hand at
WIIITK & JANVIER'S,
U27,"2-ly. Jrfferwu City, M,
LOIIMAN&CO.
DEALERS IX
Dry Goods, Cloiliiui,
HAT'S, CAPS, BOOTS AND SHOES.
Staple and Fancy
GROCERIES,
Liquors and Produce.
HARDWARE,
Iron and Cutlery, Etc.,
A Full Assortment Constantly on Hand, at
Wholesale and Retail.
TTAV1XO RKf!EXTI.T BOrQIIT THI. F..
1 1. tlm ittnck of the lWr J4m McI-h-1 At nw
niarkHbly low prio tnry i )rpamj to riv
thfir l'ul oilier unusually good bargiiJiu. Cud I
ami im, t
The Old Stand
OF
IjOHXXAN & CO.,
diT.r,n-iy " Water Street.
JOHN J. BUCHER,
mNrr4rnur.1t or so dkalrr m
NATIVE WINES.
. (Ouadw South vMuott Ht.l,
Jefferson City, ZXo.
0ATA1FB A. WHITE AKP RED COXCOKD,
VIBOINIA HEKDLllia, Ktc, Ele.
MT Inr arrof th brat qualny, Mid uchrap
aa ra tx- (hund in ik.nif. Ortkr wiU
hn Muptly attiMidn! l.
, Ad4r.ii., I'. (). lvox tin. dw. 87, WR-tf ,
RATE OF ADVERTI8I
Oil now , wrk-
mrh Mltlonl work. ......
JL.
V
V '
IN I
a i
i i
u i
A I
70
70
lib i
' Uire noutku
11 onf teat....-. ...
Onr-fourfh columat tbnm himAm
" mx inoniucit-
' ' m onevnar. ...-..
OnMtklf column, lhn inofh.
nix imwiiw
M 41 one nu....i
Qme flmmo, ntx monihi....
oon wir
K. L. .H AHJIS.
J. K. HDD A11UK
EDWARDS 6c SON,
Attorneys at Law,
Cor. Hlh nd Mouroc St.,
JcfltTKon City, Mlmoiiri.
drr.37,7J-ly
U.W. Mtl.I.KIt.
II. B II AMIl.TuX.
MILLER & HAMILTON,
Attorneys at Law,
Wlt.l. l'ttCTI'F LAW IV TUB riHITIt
Olnln1llllMJtliMR'IW1lMlMKlbf Hlt
Jllilimai I .mill. rufimn. .ni,,.-,
'iiiim iniK Iniall I urtf lha l nl man, at
4ir.rMNi.'Ur. Jiiii..'1.;.i3b
AV. R. HOPKINS,.
Attorney at Lav,
Real Kslale ami Collecting Agent.
JelTerNoii City. Mo.
Will. I'AV TAXl'.S AND IirM'EM
1 r Land oM fir taxi- iu any count) In tin'
Slat.
Iti fi r. ti Mi-. Currr & KiAv. Banlor.,
.-lli-r a cltv. Mo.; Ilou. M. S. Ilunli'lt. M. C.
from M.'. : li'u Mark. .1. Lfaininir. Sidali:i,
Mo. Uiv.lG.S-...
HENRY EATON,
IH.tI.I R IV l.LKINt.P Or
PINE AND POPLAR LUMBER,
SiIINGI.F.S, I.ATII, IKKinS,
Sash, Blinds, Mouldings, &c, See.
Yard on .Mntlioii. b4t. Iliirli and Main at,.,
Jan.a.T;Hy. JF.rKF.KSON ITV. M.
South Point Dairy.
PURE, FRESH ILK
Wll.l, UK IIEMVKRKD IS ANY PART OT
llirCtlyou apiilli'iillon inuilf totliN cur
ri. il or to K. L. KINU ft Hi" .
jniiJ.'J ".in. I'roprlrtora.
M.VN'I F.VI Tl KL1H OF AM DtALF.II IN
PLAIN AND FANCY CANDIES,
Toys, Notion, Etc.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
TT VR nlsn opfiicil n Qnt cIhiw TjiOtrs' nnd
XX ,nt' Ovfii-r I'Hrlnr. whtT.' v-it ni onii ho
iiiiiTstiTVi! in'ttll Htvtrn. 0n nltrfit unci tiny.
MHlh hLiIu lllgli Ktri'i-t, nvxt to .uyol't Jvwi l
r stow.
jiill.a.TJ ly. .h'ftVlnno C'lljr, M.
II. V. MARCKR & CO.,
vn TICAl
WATCHMAKERS AND JEWELERS.
VrAT C LOf KS, JEWELRY, GOLI
? T l'fii!, Sifpiacl". i'lr., ul Iaiw rHr-t
Wiitchft. ( lofk.-i u ltd J.'tvrlry rej'nired and
niuTunlcd. High Htrcnt,
dcp.2:,?J-m. JKFEKRStiX CITY. M).
HENRY NITCHY
REAL ESTATE AGENT,
JLFFKRSON CITY, SIO.
Bl'VS AXDSKLLS I.AXn.fiN COMMIS
idon, 1'ay Tuxp. Iti-di'm Lauda Hold for
Taxi's l'rm'UiV riitmiin. Ai.
(nil', over WlilU' X dauvlrr'a utorv. IIIkU
Hln-vt. d.S7.72-if
DeWYL & NAGEL
(SL CCESSOnS TO MBS. BEItM.)
DRUGGISTS AND APOTHECARIES
IIKIIl STUKET,
d'.!i7,:3-if Jefferson City, Mo.
Oscar O. Buroh,
votary rrm.xc and
CONVEYANdEIL
Jpfforson t'ity, MIhsoiiH.
Odli't Kiuth ildr High it reel, bet. Madlua
and Ji'lfiTauD.
A I.SO. ItKPRI-SI'TS THE FOLLOWIXO
xV Lvailitig Iiiaui-aiK-o l.'olUiaule :
Franklin Fir. Iua, Co. of Philadelphia.
Aswt 300,000
Contini.ill Firv iua. Co. of Now
York, Ann 100,000
Mutuul Ufa Jim. Co. of New York.
AKel . 56,000,0011
dcc.a7,W-lf
Al.'TOBlOGRAPUy
Samuel S. Hildebrand,
THE RKNOWSEU '
MisHourl 'BiiMliwliHckerln
AND l'XCOCjrKRABI.E BUB UOT OF
AMERICA;
BF.ISU niS rOMI'LETE CONFESSION
m-riitly mad. tv tit. writer., and mrfullr
rouinllrd bv Jaunt. W. Evaili aud A. W.iidrll
Ki ltb. M. IV; loKrlbcr with all tlie tatM vou
iixi'lrd with hi. early hlaiory,
I jJ-Aifiii- waiiu-d tu Mil the .Love popular
work. Addrew ...
FUODMK A CO.. Publlnbera,
ilis'7,7i-tf. JenemoM City, Mo.
FRED ROMMKL,
deai.es re . . u
Books fc Stationery, ;
PEKIOnlOAW, BLANK BOOKS, CIIBa.
no. Wall Papor and future.. Ptrivra
Frame made to order. Aeiit Ibr Fatrrhild'a
(told I'eiu. All ordwwlU rret fireaapt av-
leiulou. i , i 1 1 '"
IIIGU 8TBCETt
w.7,Ts-iy Jefferon Clljr, Mo.
LIVERY, FEED AND S.1LF.
. 8TABKH. ;,;,,
Rr.N.T AMTN MnflTLT. .V
JBPfkaaA m .
w
UI.r HEKPEf TTCU.T TSTOHM TWR
MAaiHtK Ikon in tha IJi.n Ii 1 1 1 In i ma mt iiu ear
public ibai a la bow Mm m
ner of aiam ana Monroe www, w urn! or wiu
do avDerai 41mm, ln mt n hiiatinMki. . '
llonra Lent bv Iu a. v. warn ar laaaua. Bkilac
sou DUflcy uonw. eoaaimniiy on nana ana ov von r -
heal, (ilve ma trail
UTVl MiTllII .
i
li AH
n i
" ' ' ' " -' "u I

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