Newspaper Page Text
Fill DAY, DECEMBER 27. 1X78.
V lint in Ihe mischief does the Columbia
Herald mean by its sarcastic allusion to
sensational statesmanship P
Judge Goitsehnlk, of the St. Louis cir
cuit court, has decided that a man who
cinuot lead is incompetent to serve as u
The debt f Tennessee is about $25,000.
000 and whether to p y it and how to pay
it ate seriously aj;itat iur the minds of its
The nam" l 1'at Dayl is the latest on
the list i'l the woill's hcrccs. Ho went
down to deal n at the post ot duty. He
was the engineer ot the ill lated train on
the New Orleans road that, was wrecked
Wenre sorrv to heur that there is a
split in i he Republican party of the Mis
S iuri Legislature this winter, which makes
the chances lor electing a Republican
United Slates Senator exceedingly remote.
The Globe Democrat, as a legal au
thority, is endorsed by the Supien e Court
ol the State. That paper said the law
yers' tax by ordinance ol the city assem
bly, was constitutional and the court ol
final resort iiflirms the conclusion.
The L,ite that has overtaken the Potier
Investigating Committee, as well as the
Gl.iver pot pourri, does not stimulate Con
gressmen with an overweaning anxiety for
seats on similar committees. They don't
seem to promote political prosperity very
DID THEM COME AND WELCOME
We find the following in one of our ex
changes, in relation to the condition of
British Laborers :
The remedy for British distress is not
in taxation to increase tho price of iood ;
the trouble is, ther are too many persons
in England in proportion to the support
lurnished bv the land. The (arm is too
small and the workshop too crowded.
Food is to be had cheaper elsewhere, and
there are more men at work in the shop
than are needed to produoe all that Eng
land can sell at prices equal to the cost of
bread to teed them. The world is a wine
one. The unoccupied lands are broad
and fertile. Canada. Australia, South
Africa and the United States are all open
to the British laborer, mechanic and farm
hand. There are lands, and labor and
Iood, and peace and comlort for tho mere
seeking. When tho hive becomes too
crowded, there should be a swarm '; the
English hive is too crowded, there must
be some to leave or there will be starva
tton. Canada can take a lew millions,
South Attica n9 many, Australia even
more, and the United States has room lor
more than all these together. That is the
only direct remedy for English stagnation
and starvation, and not retaliatory tariffs,
or anv other egislative attempts-to re
verse natural laws and inevitable conse.
quences. A glance at the map of the
United States is sufficient to show that
there is room here in which to produce
all the Iood that civilized man can de
Besides all this there is in every county
in Missouri, some one who will furnish
specific information relating to opportu
nities tor farmers and laborers, so that an
aimless search for work may be avoided
There is room enough in this county lor
live thousand farmers, and as the country
is developed tor as manv mechanics and
artizans. We bid them come and wel
Boston capitalists have decided to tap
the Kansas City Road at Jopiin and have
it connect wi:h the Little Rock and Fort
Smith somewhere- in Crawlord County,
after running through the towns ol Fayette
ville and Bentonville, to be called the
Kansas Ciiy, Jopiin and Little Rock Rail
DEATH OF BAYARD i'AYLOR.
Berlin, Dec. 19. Bayard Taylor, Min
ister ol the United States, died at 4 o'clock
this alternoon. The fatal symptoms came
on suddenly. He had been out ol bed
and was transacting business with the
officials of the American Legation yes
terdav. His death was peaceful and pain
less. He died ot dropsy.
The Supreme Court ot the State, in the
case ot State, ex rcl City of St. Louis, vs.
Theo. Sternberg, decided yesterday.
Judge Norton delivering opinion of
the court, the doctrine to be that
the city has the constitutional power to
tax lawyers the same as merchants.
Greenbacks are as good as gold. Re
sumption is thereby accomplished ahead
r . : ... .. iiti . . .
ui uiue. w uaiever opinions men may
entertain as to its permanency, all will
hope that it may prove an enduring sue
the Dickens you say. Having fought
rasnmption through All these years, you
now exult over its success. Well, it's the
best you can do. we suppose.
The Jefferson City correspondent of the
St. Louis Republican says that "Senator
K. P. C. Wilson favors the admission of
all the legislative members elect into the
Democratic caucus lor United States Sen
ator who are now Democrats, regardless
r u,.:.. -.1 : ... ,
in iiii-ii cieuuun as iiiuepenuenis or
Greenbackeis. He says it is no surprise
or departure in a state like ours, with
such a large and unwieldly Democratic
majority, to find independent and other
tickets not regularly nominated in the
field at elections for minor offices."
Evidently, then, Senator Wilson is not
for George, for the U. S. Senate.
WORK FOR CONVICTS.
The Convict Camps of Georgia
Seventy Dollars a Year.
The entire debt of Illinois, including
those of counties, townships and cities,
villages and towns, is $51,912,601. The
s.ime debts iu Ohio are, $36,059,978, and
In Massaehusset3, $92,101,342. The total
debt of the cities, villages, townships and
county debt of Cook county, is $22,232.
4Q8. The county that comes next in
amount of debt to Cook is Adams, owing
$2,235,475; next Maeoupin. with $1,500,
310; next Peoria, with $1,237,782; next
Sangamon, with $1,203,337. The muni
cipal debt of the dozen ot tho cities ol
New York alone is $205,000,000.
Therelore, when the amalgamation mil
lennium arrives, a grateful nation will
know wtom to inanK ior tne blessings it
bring, Phillips first, Haven second, and
Rawiinson third. Illustrious trio! May
their fame " smell sweet and blossom in
the dust.'" St. Louis Republican.
Judging from certain striking marks of
resemblance a number of the dusky-hued
youth of the country bear to them, we are
inclined to believe that there are a nurn
b?r of eminent Democratic politicians
about who will dispute with Messrs. Phil
lips, Ilaviu and Rawiinson the distinction
the Republican pays fiern.
We have been asked several times what
the lease is worth ; it is impossible to say
accurately, as there are so many contin
gencies in the way. Several of the lessees
say that there is nothing in it, and some
ot them certain y seem anxious to get out
ol it. A onc-twellth interest in it. we
understand, was sold a year ago for
$1,500. A one-third interest in one camp
(one-ninth ot the whole) was offered at
$5,000. Capt. Nelms says that be thinks
an able-bodied convict is worth $70 a
year, luis would make the 1.205 wcrth
$84,000 a year, from which the $25,000
aeuuciea .vouia leave aooui $-bU,UUO pir
annum net to the lessees. This runs lor
twenty years. Capt. Nelms says if he
had fifty convicts on a tarm under this
lease for twenty years he would retire
Irom public lite and get rich. The
highest price ever paid tor convicts as yet
is $50 per head. I his is paid by Mr
Smith Barnwell, who is said to be anxious
to keep them at that rate. One of tha
lessees leased his convicts to another at
$20 apiece, net, above the price to the
state. In Texas the convicts bring $70 a
head per annum, and Tennessee about
$60 per head. In Kentucky the keeper
works them ana pays $iz,uu'J to the state
above all expenses. At preseut the rate
paid to Georgia is about $22 50 per head.
As the number increases the per capita
decreases. Capt. Nelms thinks it will go
to probably 1,700 men and not much
higher. He does not think it will ever
reach as high as 2,000. It is probable
that the per capita, through the lease, will
average $15 to $17 50. At this rate there
will be a probable profit of $30 to $50
per capita for all the convicts who cau be
kept at work. It is said ihey are success
ful in farming. It this is so work can I e
provided tor them all. Capt. N 1ms says
mat Mr. xocKeii maue l.zuu oa.es ot cot
ton with one hundred convicts, besides
enough corn, peas, potatoes, etc.. to do
tUern. He estimates that Col. L. must
have cleared $25,000 to $30,000. But
there is no telling what the lease is worth
without looking over the books ot the
lessees. There is a general feeling in all
the Southern states against the sy.stera ot
out door leasing. The system will doubt
less be generally abolished as rapidly as
possible. In Texas a new penitentiary,
to hold 1,000 - convicts, is just being
finished, and another one is authorized by
the constitution. The old one holds 400
convicts, so that 1,400 of the 1,700 can be
housed next year. Atlanta Constitution
The Power of Kindness.
Patrick McKever was a poor Irishman,
who lived in Philadelphia, many years
ago. He was arrested on a charge of
burglary, convicted, ana seotenceu to do
hung. I am ignorant of the details of his
crime, or the cause that led to it. But
there were probably some palliating cir
cumstances; for when brought, seated on
his coffin, in the death-cart, to tne iooi
of the gallows, iu company with another
criminal, ho was reprieved, and the other
was hung. His sentence was changed to
ten years' imprisonment; and this was
evideutally shortened one year.
During the last three years oi nis term,
I was one of the Inspectors of the Prison,
aud I frequently talked with him in friend
ly, fatherly manner, lie was a man oi
lew words, and his hope seemed to have
all died out: hut I soon saw that his feel
ings were touched by kindness.
Alter his release, he immeniateiy went
to work at his trade, which was that of n
tanner, and conducted himseit in tne most
sober and exemplary manner. Being re-
markablo for capability, and the amount
ot work he could perioral, he soon had
plenty ot employment. He passed my
house every day. as he went to his work,
and I otteu spoke to him in a friendly and
Things were going on thus satislactori
ly, when I heard that constables were
out alter Patrick, on account of a robbery
committed the night belore. I went
straightway to the Mayor, and inquired
whv orders had beeii given to arrest Pal-
Because thero has been a robbery com
mitted in his neighborhood,'' replied the
VV hat proof is there that he was con
cerned in itP"
'None at all ; but he is an old convict ;
and that is enough to condemn him."
It is not enough, by any means," re
plied I. "Thou hast no right to arrest a
citizen without a shadow ot proof against
bim : and in this case 1 advise thee, by all
means, to proceed with humane caution.
this man has atoned severely lor the
crime he did commit; and since be wishes
to reform, the fact ought never to be men
tioned against him. He has been perfect
ly upright, sober, and industrious, ever
since he came out ot prison. I think I
know his state ot mind ; and 1 am willing
to take the responsibility ot saying that 1
believe him guiltless in this matter."
The Mayor commended my benevolence,
but was by no means convinced. To all
arguments, he replied-
Ho is an old convict; and that is
I watched for Patrick, as he passed to
his daily labm-s, and told him that the
constables were alter him, for the robbery
that had been committed. The poor fel
low buug his head, and the light vanished
from his countenance.
"Well" said he. with a deep sight, "1
must make up my mind to spend the rest
ot my days in prison."
1 looked earnestly in his lace, and said,
"Thou wert not concerned in this robbery,
"No, indeed, 1 was not. God be my
witness, I want to lead an honest life, and
live in peace with all men. But what
good will that do meP Eveiybody will
say, he has been in the Stale Prison, and
I did not ask him twice ; for I felt well
assured that the poor man had spoken the
truth. I advised him to go directly to the
Mayor, deliver himself up, and declare
his innocence. This advice was received
wi h despondency. He had no faith in
"I know what will come of it," says he ;
they will put me into prison, whether
there is any proof against me, or not, they
will not let me out, without somebody
will be security for me; and nobody will
be security tor an old convict."'
"Don't be discouraged," said I. "Go
to the Mayor, and speak as I have advised.
If they talk ot putting thee in prison, send
lor me. I will stand by thee."
Patrick did accordingly. In the absence
ot anything like a shadow of proof, his
being an "old convict" was deemed suffi
cienl reason for sending bim to jail.
I appeared in his behalf. "I am ready
to affirm' said I "that 1 believe this man
is innocent. It will be a very serious in
jury to him to be taken from his business.
until such time as this can be i roved ; and
moreover the tHe.ts upon his mind may
be most discouraging. I will be security
lor his appearance when called ; and know
very well that he will not think ot giving
me the sup."
The gratitude ot the poor tellow was
overwhelming, lie sobbed until his strong
The real culprits wora soon discovered
Patrick, until the day of his death, con
tinued to load a virtuous and useful Me.
Late Agricultural Items.
Dr. II. A. Swasey, one of the most
noted of tho Southern horticulturists, lately
died ol yellow fever.
During the last tour years the ' farming
interest has extended itself over '22.286.'
000 acres of land in the United Stales.
This is indicative of genuine national
The Commissioner of Agriculture re
ports that the latest returns from the cot
ton ciop indicate a yield equal, if not
better, than the great crops that weio
grown previous to the war.
The red-bud or Judas tree, which grows
wild in Southern Illinois, is being intro
duced in the northern part of the Slate.
It is a fine ornament to the yard especial
ly in early spring.
irom the first half bushel ot seed rice
brought to this country, sixteen bushels
were harvested the first year. This was
in 1674. and inVirginia. "The experiment
was tried by cur Wm. Berkley.
it requires considerable courage lor a
lady to say vitriol when her neighbor
alludes to the superior bright green ol
her pickles, but it should be done never
theless. These bright green pickles must
bo put down.
As the result ot the experiment of an
observant farmer as to the shrinkage of
coin, he gives it as his opinion that it
would be better to sell corn earlv in the
winter at 80 eeats than the lollowing sum
mer at $1.
An honest farmer sent some handsome
game and black Spanish towls to the
Kingston, Ont., exhibition The judges
washed the birds, and it came out that
the former were painted, and the latter
had had their legs blackballed,
The war on horse thieves in the West is
to be vigorously pushed. The Grand Or
der of the Anil Horse-Thief Association
was recently in session at Keokuk, Iowa.
Over 100 delegates were present, repre
senting 70 lodges. There are 105 lodges
in the Siat"? of Iowa, Illinois, Missouri and
Kansas. The Order is exceedingly secret.
la its operations aud proceedings.
In Fiance, this year, the government
details certain soldierly to assist in the
harvest, a practice not unusual there,
The soldiers have returned, and complain
ot an Insufficient supply of food and bad
treatment generally. Whereupon the
Minister of War has ordered an investi
gation of the charges, and it they prove
true will give ollending farmers no assis
tance in future.
arm prosperity tn flew England is
depreciating sadly, as witness an adver
tisement in a Springfield, Mass., paper of
a farm, two miles Irom the railroad station,
containing thirty-seven acres ot good land,
with buildings which cost $7,000 when
they were erected in 1873. An offir ot
Gems of Thought.
A character, like a kettle, once mended.
always wants mending.
Too much pleasure and too much aim
are bad both for women and flowers.
Love and a good dinner are said to ha
the only two things which effectually
change the character ot a man. ' ,
How independent of money peace of
conscience is, and how much happiness
can be condensed in the humblest borne.
Be kind even in your reproofs, and re.
servo them till th morning. No ono can
sleep well who goes to bed with a flea in
One of the best rules in conversation is.
never to say a thing which any of the
company can reasonably wih we had
rather lelt unsaid.
A deaf and dumb porson hcino- iiskpit
to give his idea of loi
pencil and wrote, "It is the sweetuess
which flowers give when trampled upon."
Men are like bugles the mom hi-a.
they contain, the farther you cau hear
them. Women are like flowers tho -,,.
modest and retiring they appear, the
belter you love them.
A Spanish proverb savs: "A liM in
the morning is enough ; enough at dinner
is Dili utile; but a little at night is too
much." Remember this, and save indi
gestion and sleepless nights.
The pnssions are Ihe onlv oratnns thnt
always persuade; they are, as it were, a
natural art, the rules ot which are infalli
ble; and tho simplest man, with passion,
is more porsuasive than the most eloquent
TV UUUUU I U
The best dowry to advance the mar
riage ot your child with one who will
render her happy, is that she have in her
couutenance sweetness and gentleness, in
ner speecn wisdom, in her in. h ,,.-!.
$12,000 was then refused tor $3,000,
good part" of the purchase money
maining on mortgage.
The man lacks moral cou
treats when he should retreat.
No vices are. so incurable as those
which taen are apt to glory in.
Ihe Uhincse say there is a wen ot wis
dom at the root ot eyery gray hair.
Information that Pays. Wih its re
duction in prico and its great amount of
useful information, the American Agri
culturist can hardly fail to pay well, all
who invest the small sum required to get
it. Read the advertisement.
Opium is the most dangerous drug,
especially when given to a child in the
shape of a soothing remedy. Dr. Bull's
Baby Syrup is warranted not to contain
opium in any form and isithe most inno
cent and efficacious remedy lor children
teetbiug. Price 25 cents a bottle.
The ocean tries feebly to emulate the
prolounder tragedies of the shore. In
die crowded hulls ot gay hotels 1 see
wrecks drifting hopelessly, dismasted and
rudderless to be stranded on hearts harder
and more cruel than Brenton's reef, yet
hid in smiles falser than its fli ecyjoam.
Aim high; but not so high as not to be
abl to bit anything.
The cold driving easterly rain
o this season rarely fail to afflict
everybody with colds. Use Dr,
Cough Syrup the safest and surest cough
remedy made. Price 2b cents.
Excavations at Pompeii prove the city
to have been one ot the most fashionable
and beautiiul of Roman summer resorts,
and but lor the eruption it might have re
mained so to this day. As with Pompeii,
so with thousands of people who have
beauty of form and feature. They might
always be admired but lor the eruption.
that makes the face unsightly, and be
trays the presence of scrofula, virulent
blood poisons, or general debility. There
is but one remedy that positively cures
these affections, and that remedy is Dr,
Pierco's Golden Medical Discovery It
is the best known tonic, a terative, and
lesolvont. It speedily cures pimples,
blotches, liver spots, and alt diseases
arising from impoverished or impure
blood. It also cures dyspepsia, and regu
lates the liver and bowels. Sold by druggists.
I always know something unpleasant is
coming when men are anxious to tell the
To prize ourselves by what we have,
and not by what we are, is to estimate
the value ot the pearl by the golden frame
which contains it.
He who calls in the aid of an equal
understanding doubles his own, and he
who profits by a superior understanding
raises bis powers to a level with the height
ot the superior understanding he unites
I venerate old age : and I love not the
man who can look without emotion upon
the sunset ot lile, when the dusk of even
ing begins to gather over the watery eve,
and the shadows of twilight grow broader
and deeper upon the understanding. -
The longer I live, the more do I be
come satisfied that nothing is so good tor
people who are in deep troubles as real
hard work work that not only occupies
the hands, but the brain ; work on which
one lavishes the best part of the heart. I
know it requires a great deal ot resolu
tion to break away from the apathy of a
deep sorrow or a heavy tiouble, arm reso
lutely put one's hand to the new or long
disused plow ; but the effect once made
if there is anything iu the individual he
or she will never turn back. And alter
work, real work, work with the hands,
head and heart after this will cmie trust,
and with trust will come peace William
modesty, and in her life virtue.
What man in his right senses, that ha
wherewithal to live Iree, would make
himself a slave tor superfluities? What
does that man want that has enough P Or
what is he the better for abundance that
can never be satisfied P
Evils in the iournev of lile are HL-a th
hills which alarm the traveler umin thfiir
road: they both appear urent nr. iia.
tance, but when we approach them we
find that they are far less insurmountable
than we had imagined.
A fool, says the Arab proverb, mav be
known by six things auger without
cause, speech without profit, change with
out mouye, inquiry without ohmcf. mu
ting trust in a stranger, and nof 'knowing
his friends Irom his loes.
Spare moments are like the gold-dust
of time. Of all portions of our lifn. snarn
moments are the most fruitful in e-ood or
evil. They are the gaps through which
temptations find the easiest access to the
garden ot the soul.
The most natural beauty in the world is
honesty and moral truth. For all beauty
is truth. True features make the beauty
of a lace, and true proportion the beauty
of architecture; as true measures that of
harmony and music.
It was among the loveliest customs
among the ancients, to bury the young at
uiuruiug iwnignt; ior as tnty strove lo
give the softest interpretation to death, so
they imagine that Aurora, who loved the
young, had stolen them to her emWraceJ
"Woman's eye appears most beautiful
when it glanees a- tear, as the light ol a
star seems more beautiiul when it sparkles
on a wave." Don't believe a word of
this. It is the light of a loving smile that
makej woman's eye most beautiiul.
He who is passionate and hasty, is gen
erally honest. It is your old dissembling
hypocrite of whom you should beware.
there's no deception in a bull-dog; it is
only the cur that sneaks up and bites you
i . i i. i . ...j 'i
wubu juui uaun ta turueu.
Anguish of mind has driven thousands
to suicide; anguish of body, none. This
proves teat the health of the mind is of
lar more consequence to our happiness
than the health of the body, although
both are deserving of much more atten
tion than either of them receives.
The same degree of penetration that
shows you another in the wrong, shows
him also, i.i respect to that instauce, your
inferior; hence the observation and the
real fact, that people of clear heads are
what the world calls opinionated.
Tacitus says that early marriage makes
us immortal that is, the soul and chiet
prop of empire and that the man who
resolves to live without woman, or the-y
woman who resolves lo live without man, 1
are enemies to themselves, destruct ve to
the world, apostates from nature, and
rebels against heaven and earth.
It is related ot a Manchester manulac
turor that, on retiring from business, ho
purchased an estate from a certain noble
man. The arrangement was that he
should have tho house, with all its turni
ture, jusr, as it stood. On taking posses
sion, however, he found that a cabinet
which was in the inventory had been re
moved ; and on applying to the former
owner about it, the latter said : "Well, I
certainly did order it to be removed; but
I thought you would hardly have cared
tor so trifling a matter in so large a pur
chase." "My Lord,' wa the reply. "It
I had not all my life attended to trifles, I
should not have been able to purchase
this estate; and, excuse me tor Buying so,
perhaps it your Lordship had oared more
about trifles, you might not have had oc
casion to sell it."
Genius, then, is divine! Its creative
power is the attribute ol heaven, and
when the world worbips it through mor
tal mediums, it is a deep adoration, and
confession ot the divine source from
which it flows. The heart gives bountv
only when raised above the level of its
earthy nature, and the f une of the great,
gathered irom good Impulses, is the best
prooi oi tue natural religion ot the soul.
uod has written on the flowers that
sweeten the air upon the breeze that
rocks the flowers upon the stem upon
inu rain rops mat r. iiesu the sprig ot
moss that lifts its head in the desert
upon its deep chambers upon every
pencilled sheet that sleeps in the caverns
ot the deep, no less than upon the mighty
sun that warms and cheers millions ok
creatures which live iu its light upon allk,
his works he has written: "None livetn--