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OUtt DADS IX SCHOOL.
HOW THEY USED TO CATCH IT
FOR PLAYING HOOKEY.
T!o Old-Time Pctlasojruc Was as Full
of Ingenious Tortures us an I.irc I
,i .Meat A Few Sampled of Iiis
Moral Suasion by l'liysical Force.
Tai altolition of corpora 1 punishment
from the schools in many States is one
of the most notoMorthy advancements
made in the cause of education during
recent years. In various count ry
schoois in Now England and in a great
part of the West ami South seven;
methods of compelling obedience still
are used, ami it is the controlling pow
ers ei these schools that the writer de
Mies To reach by this set of drawings.
The records s!iov that chiMren have
been much more tractable since the sub
stitution of moral for corporal punish
ments. The oM adage, "Spare the rod
and spoil the child." seems no longer
to be the established principle of school
government anions progressive teach
ers. A punishment which is said to
have been very severe, was seating the
culprit en the end of an upright log of
Mood. The log by reason of its small
diameter formed a most uncomfortable
seat, and although not particularly an
noying for the lirst few minutes, at the
end of half an hour or more beeaine
nothing loss than torture. A most fa
tiguing performance Mas holding a
book out at arm's length. This wns
nothing less than cruel, but whenever
the boy's arm dropped from its hori
zontal position he received a gentle re
minder of a switch across the legs
which made him raise his hand. The
wight of the hand and arm itself is
enough to bring the arm down to the
side in a very few minutes; but with a
book hoys have often succumbed to the
The modes of punishment a posteriori
are numlorless, and the most finished
masters in this style of corporal pun
ishment were found among the Eng
lish sehoolmasters in the earlier part of
this century. Dr. liutler, of Shrews-
Vv:: v W
A CniT.L TOKTI KE.
bury school, was one of the noted ilog
gers of his day; but Keate, of Eton,
whoso dominion lasted from 1800 to
3S."M. seems to have established a. rec
ord for all time. An old book in the
possession of the bureau of education
describes the old fellow in a very en
tertaining way. On one occasion when
a confirmation service Mas to be held
in the school, each master was request
ed to make out and send In a list of the
candidates in his form. One of them
wrote down the names on the lirst piece
of paper which came to hand, and
m hi' h happened unluckily to be on of
A fOSTERIOUI METItOn.
;the slips, of well-known style and
hape. used as Hogging bills, and sent
up regularly with th names of delin
quents for execution. The list was put
Into Keate's hands without explana
tion. He sent for the loys In the reg
ular course, and. In spite of all protes
tations on their part, pointed to the
master's signature In the fatal bill and
'flogged thent all then and there. An
thjr day a culprit who was due for
punishment rotdd nowhen? be found,
and the doctor Mas kept waiting on tin
s.-ene of action for some twee in a state
oi considerable exasperation. In nr
evil moment for himself a namesake ol
the defaulter passed the door. He was
seized at once by Keaie's order ami
brought to the block as a vicarious sac
rifice a second Sir M -go Ma la grow.
J I Si 1 . li TLX I
Titr. m merixu r.ixn k.
tln-r. Etonians Mho Mere Mugged by
Ir. Keate narrated their experiences or
the Hogging block Mith a pride which
savored of the heroic. They boasted
of their master's prowess with admira
tion and spoke of the number of boys
Keate could finish off in Morkmanlike
style in tweniy minutes. I'apid as the
performance was. there Mas as much
ceremony observed in the operation as
possible. The doctor Mas always most
courteous both before and al ter his ex
eivise. in which he was assisted by twe
collegians. Mho held their companion
on the block.
In the Country School.
The problem here is: (liven a school
of, say. forty pupils, from live to eigh
teen years of age, in one room, and
with one teacher; to find the best meth
od of instruction. The pupils posses
very unequal attainments. These pu
pils need instruction adapted to their
needs each term. The health of teacher
and pupil limits each session to about
six hours. Further, god instruction
must be given in all the common
b r.i aches.
It is not. of course, possible for us
teachers to instruct each pupil separate
ly in each branch. Hence the non
classification system must be aban
doned. This plan of individual instruc
tion is feasible only in a very small
scho 1. 1 do not think there ever Mas
the unclassified school of which teach
ers are now hearing so much. No at
tempt Mas made in the lirst schools of
Mhieh I know in arithmetic. This lack
of classification was of undoubted ad
vantage to the few smart pupils, but
not to ninety-live per cent.
The graded school solution; I. e., on
the plan of the city schools. This sep
arates the pupils into at least sixteen
grades, which gives at least forty-eight
daily class exercises. Such a classifica
tion of the one-teacher school is evi
The course of instruction must be
flexible; smoothness ami order must
often be sacrificed to the health of
teacher and pupil.
A third solution of the problem Is
the three-grade se'-""oiv ""js based
upon the, nb--" ' ievelop-
ment - ; mi.1
v . The
pupils from it,. . re
classified. The essential n .here
is that the work of each grade be com
pleted lefore the pupil is advanced into
the next grade.
What the public schools need is such
an organization as will allow its omu
teachers and diversely advanced pu
pils to make the most progress with
the best preservation of time and
health. The Public School Journal.
Morality in Colleges.
From this dhtaneo it appears that
Mrs. Pot eat, of New Haven. Mas both
right and wrong in her criticisms upon
student life at Yale. It is not altogether
unnecessary for college authorities to
be reminded occasionally that they may
not have exerted Jill the influence in
their power to guard students against
wayward propensities and against sc
ductive surroundings. At the same tim
it is unfortunate to publish criticism
Mhieh make evil appear a more pre
dominant factor than it really is. There
are probably few colleges in the coun
try in which no students contract vic
ious habits of any sort, either temior
arily or permanently. No supervision
Mithin the jtower of college authorities
can make young men utterly unassail
able. Whether colleges are professedly
under religious control or not, their
ought to maintain conditions more con
ducive to the development of strong
character than those which prevail
elsewhere. Colleges are likely to satisfj
this requirement most successfully, net
by creating arbitrary conditions In the
college community, sharply contrasted
with the conditions of the larger com
munity of which they are part, but hy
developing the ambition and power cf
students to cond'iet themselves in
manly way when within reach of temp
tations of which the world is full. Bap
lust Missed It.
Abraham Hayward, the famous Quar
terly reviewer, once thought that h-j
would like to have some ancestors, f
he walked straight to n picture deal
er's. Selecting a portrait of a cavalier
In half armor, with features not quite
unlike his own, Mr. Hayward made a
bid for it, but deeming the price asked
too high, he went his May. A few days
later Mr. Hayward went to dine wifn
Lord Houghton, and Mas astonished to
find the picture in the dining-room.
Seeing that it attracted his guest's at
tention Lord Houghton said: "Very
good picture that! Came Into my hand
in a curious May. Portrait of Mllnes
of the Commonwealth period nn an
cestor of mine." "Ah, Indeed!" Bald
Mr. Hayward; "he was very near being
an ancestor of mine." - -
SUPPOSE WE SMILE.
HUMOROUS PARAGRAPHS FROM
THE COMIC PAPERS.
Plranant Inrlilent Occurrlüj the World
0rr Sayinsr That Are Cheerful ti the
Old or Yt uns: Funny s-lM-tlona Tlmt
Everybody Will I'.njoy Kt ading.
A Itij-acr T:iret.
"Dear ine!" said Mrs. Wick wire, look
ing up from her paper, "but Momen
an' getting brave nowadays."
T.raveV" i choed Mr. Wiekv. -re.
"Yes. Here is a story about a Moman
who shot a mouse. She pshaw! I
read it wrong. It Mas only a moose."
Kven with Hi iti.
Old Meanfusser Me give you any
thing? No. I won't. You're a fraud.
You're not blind at all.
The Indicnaut n; If I wasn't
blind d'yer think I'd ask such a mis
erable, mean l.iokin eove ;;s you for
anything?- akland Times.
She Chnllic h:'.s brain trouble,
lb- Is that so? Wh:;t kind?
She Ir troubles him to think. De
troit Flee Press.
A Diminished Fish Story,
Jinks To-day I pleased a pretty wom
an by telling her thai a certain red
faced, snub-nosed, baldhcaded mortal
looked like her.
Winks (Jet out!
Jinks The red-faced, snub-nosed,
bald-headed mortal was her lirst baby.
New York Week I v.
"You ought to be very proud of your
wife. She is a brilliant talker."
"You're right there."
"Why, I could listen to her all night."
"I often do"." Texas Sittings.
"Y'ou should live near heaven," said
the preacher to ihe editor.
"I know it." replied the editor, "but
these mountain lots come so high."
A Ureal Head.
Sapsmith (triumphantly P.aw
jaM ve, deah boy, I've got a great head
Noona'h I M-ondah!
Sapsmith Yahs! Owed me tilah
nealdy foali hand wed dollahs, daMn't
he knaw. and he put the account up at
auction, and baw jawvo, I bought it
fob 17 cents: Harper's P.azar.
In the Opera-Box.
Marie I don't think people ought to
judge- M'omen by their clothes.
Kstelle Nor I. 1 M-ouldn't like any
man to judge nie by my opera gown.
Marie He Mould have a mighty low
opinion of you, Mouldn't he? (Ami now
they don't speak.) New York World.
"Emilie, is my wife nearly ready?"
"No, baron. You will have to wait
a little while. Her maid has mislaid
part of the baroness." Fliegende
Mistress We Mill have breakfast an
hour earlier to-morrow morning. Mr.
Maun is to take an earlier train.
Donustlc AH right, ma'am; you need
n't mind calling me until the usual
time. Boston Transcript.
Con vi need.
"Do you love me?" he whispered.
"Can you doubt It V" she reproach
He followed her meaning glance un
til it rested upon her sleeves, all crush
ed and shapeless, and Mas convinced.
"Nerve?" said the mau from New
port. "Nerve? Why. that feller would
go into a livery stable and ask them
to let him leave his bicycle Mith them'
One liedeciuinx Feature.
"This is a terrible world." said the
misanthrope. "A dreadful M'orld."
"Y-a-a-s." replied ('holly, -it does
seem so at times. Still, the pMinee of
Wales lives on it. you know." Wash
'L.&sr?' - Lin s,
The New Servant (who has never
seen a -uileuder-lfore I um this,
mum. these holes ain't none of my
doiif ! New Budget.
Fisticuff That fellow seems very big
in t!ie stomach for a prize tighter.
Wittimulf-Well. he's a middle
m eight, you kimw-Nrw York World.
All Irish Now.
Tourist Everybody Irish her?
Native Yes. We used to have one
Tourist What became of him?
Native He moved to make it unani
mous. Detroit Tribune.
Just as Well.
Tommy Say. ma. don't it make your
hands Mann when you smack me?
His Mother Why, yes, Tommy, it
Tommy Then, wouldn't it do just as
Moll if you held them over the gas
Willis or Mccvcs?
Henpeck I dreamed of heaven last
Mrs. Henpeck What Mas it like?
Henpeck I couldn't toll. You were
in front of inc. Svracuso Post.
Master (to uom- servant) Why do you
always ring that small bell immediate
ly after ringing the regular dinner
Neu- Servant That's to call the chil
dren, sir. Pearson's Weekly.
A I'recnriona Time.
"I Mould like a short interview,"
said the political reporter to the great
presidential possibility, "on your can
Great Possibility I decline, sir:
"Sol I thought you Mere a candi
date "Oh. no, no. no. jou fool I decline
the Interview:" Cleveland Plaindeab
"Now. I want the room painted a
very delicate color; a sort of pah? grayish-pinky
rose tint in fact, a maiden's
"Yes, miss. About what age, miss?"
Old Soak It's an outrage (.hie), so It
Bounder What is?
Old Soak Becei vers (hie) have been
appointed for the whisky trust and I
am not one of them. Truth.
A Gentle Hint.
Tom I feel just like having a good
time; can't Me celebrate something?
Kitty Why, yes; to-day would have
been the anniversary of our wedding
if m o had been married just a year ago.
Eet's celebrate that. Tomii Topics.
A Fellow Feel Inc.
"If dere is any invention dat I have
a profound rcspeck fur," said Mean
dering Mike, "it's de founting pe,n."
"Whut's de reason?" inquired Plod-,
"Dey never work." Washington
"Why is it you have so violent nn
nmtlpathy to Bighter's works. Y'ou
never read any of them."
"Nope; but I smoked one of the ci
gars named after him once." Indian
Sandstone Weren't you dancing with
Miss Calloway last night?
Fiddleback Yes. How did you
"I saM- her going into a chiropodist's
this morning." Life.
The Awful Child.
Awful Child Mamma said you wera
Awful Child You're old but not pret
ty. Detroit Free Prega.
j er it
WAS VERY GOOD ACTING.
Cool Self-Possessiou. of a Man About
to lie Handed.
The "Three Sevens" outfit M as camp
ed in the cottomvoods district up on
Paladuro Creek close to the line of No
Man's Iandf and everyone Mas busy,
for it Mas the season of the spring
round-up. No Man's Land is that long,
narrow strip of the Indian Territory
that prevents Nort Invest Texas and
Southwest Kansas from coming into
contact. Of course, it is out of the
jurisdiction of either State, ami for
years I ncle Sam's otlicials zealously
avoided it for many reasons. I.at one
afternoon the Sheriff of Broncho Coun
ty came riding into camp, inquiring for
Denny Murphy. The .Sheriffs suddu
appearance occasioned no surprise, for
a warning of the same had preceded
him fully three hours ami. as a direct
result. Mr. Murphy, one of the bst
cowmen in the Miiole outfit, rude calm
ly over the bonier and into the land
Mhere subpoenas came nt and Mar
rants lost, all their vitality.
A few days before the fugitive had
been on one of his periodical tears
down in The little settlement of (nirt
ville, and had been far more turbulent
and violative of the peace and dignity
of Bronchi Comity than usual. He had
clubbed the piano player in French
Pete's dance hall nearly to death with
The butt of his six-shooter, had shot
out all the lights and m indte.v panes in
the resort; also three lingers from Pete's
good right hand, and had then ridden
away, deliant, vociferous and unscath
ed. The after-clap was now present in
the "Three Sevens" camp in tne shape
of the sheriff and those documents that
begin so sarcastically Mith the Mord
"greeting." But, to use a slang phrase,
the outlit gave the sheriff the laugh, in
forming him that Denny had "mosey
ed;" that, as a cowman, there Ma.s too
much doiug for him to spend any time
attending to such minor affairs; that
the sheriff would have to wait tititil the
round-up Mas over and he had better
get down stake his horse and spend the
night, for it was getting late and Quirt
ville M as a long ride back. He Mas an
officer of experience and not given to
During the winter just passed some
of the cowboys had been visiting civil
ization doM ii in Fort Worth, and had at
tended the theater. Their minds being
still tilled with the glories of the expe
rience, they diverted the camp lire talk,
after supper, to things theatrical. This
brought out the sheriff strong, for he
had in his day been all over the coun
try and nevei lost an opportunity of at
tending the playhouse.
- "Boys," said he, "I've seen a feller
called Booth play the part of a devil,
named la go. so that my lingers itched
to get holt of my gun. I've seen a dago
n lined Sal vini play a play named 'The
Outlaw,' all in dago talk, but I didn't
have to know that lingo to find out he
Mas a Morse used man than any that
ever set foot in these Mhole Fnited
States. There's a woman, too. Clara
Morris; she gave me a chill that lasted
a week. But I've seen a man, a com
mon, plain man. Mho could lay over
tjiein all. I saw him do just one piece
of acting and right after 1 had to hang
him. It Mas a good while ago, jrfl:
after they first got to electing me sher
iff. I had a man in the jail and two
deputies were staying right with him
all the time, 'cause we couldn't take no
chance of his getting away, him being
convicted of murder and Mailing for
Iiis day to come to be hanged in. It M as
a mighty mean, low-down murder, too.
Jury wasn't out more'n live minutes
over it. His lawyer had tackled all the
courts he could get into, but it was no
go, and the fellow's time was sure com
ing; only a couple of days off it Mas.
I think even right then old man Dunn
and his carpenters Mere out In the jjil
yard working away on the gallows.
"Well, on this day m lien you could
hear them carpenters knocking and
sawing liack in theyrd. Min comes in
to my otliee room Mhere I Mas sorting
out some papers, but this feller's lawyer
and a little old lady dressed in black
clothes. She Mas a mighty nice-looking
old lady, leaning considerably
against the hnvyer, like she Mas nerv
out and tired. The lawyer tells me she
has an idea that the feller wo Mere go
ing to hang Mas her boy. He'd been
loose from her a good lot of years and
she wasn't certain it Mas him, but she'd
took up the notion somehow and want
ed to see to make sure. Boys. I was
broke up. I sorter felt her notion Mas
right. These here M-men folks is what
makes hangings mighty tough for sher
iffs. When a man thinks of a feller's
jnother, it gets right next to him sure.
Course I couldn't do nothing but agree,
and I went Mith them, unlocking the
doors and feeling bail. When we got
to the cell, there Mas the feller sitting
on a stool, reading a lvook in the light
ithat tdfted through the bars of his little
i window hole. The two deputies Mere
right there, too, one n each side, look
ing glum and sour, for this guarding
business Is a tough, mean job. The fid
ler was a big. stout man. over six foot
high. He had thick Miilskers over his
jaw and chin. They were black a.s a
crow and his face had the prison bleach
on. He hadn't lHen taking any care of
himself no he had a shaggy, animal
'sort of look about him.
! "it wasn't much light In there, and
there wasn't much room. The guard
tHHl a little to one side and the man
stood up as we came in, looking mighty
curious at the little old lady. She was
all In a tremble and staggered toward
him, her poor old shaking hands stretch
ed out. She Mas saying:
"'(Jeorge, Ceorge! My jvoor, poor
loy ! It's your ol J liothcr come to you.'
"I'll never forgit to my dying day
how pitiful her vV.ee sounded. There
.come a bltf lump In my throat right
there. But the man kinder drew back
and looked at her sorrowful-like for a
sacond or two. His face never give him
avay nor his voice neither. He says:
! "Madame, there Is one happiness still
left me.. T c.m C"iiv!nre you of yourf
mistake. Some likeness there might be,;
but 1 am not your son. I never saw"
you before in my life. My mother died,
years ago. She has been spared tin
pain of seeing me here as you also caiv
go away relieved of the thought that
your son is as I a.n.'
"He talked so steady, so sure, so nat
urally sorry for the little old lad. too,
and yet so like the gospel truth that you,
bet I felt relieved and gl .id for her sake.
She drew back and caught the lav.-yerVl
" 'It has he,- so long ago. I am very
feeble and don't see Meil. The vieo
seems like, ye: unlike. I must be mis
taken. Poor fellow. I am indeed sorry
for you and v. iM pray for j on.'
"liven at this the feller never turned
a hair. Then wo all turned and MetiC
our, leaving him and his guards just as
they were before.
"It Mas ail a lie. It Mas his mother,
lie begged as I never hoard a hu:n:iii
beg for mo and the deputies not. to
tell; to save his mother from siuh a.
truth and her heart from breaking. Wo
never told her nor anybody el . She'
dead herself now. so it's no difference.'
Centlemen. that Mas acting. Think of
a man pulling himself together, meet
ing her s sudden, and then fo .ling
his own mother without any preparing
or noThin. That feller's nerve m;i
iron. 1 tell you. Thon imtt have been,
some sort of a good streak in him, any-
1iom lie died plum game, too. I vas
a heap shakier at tin hanging then ho
mms. I hated to d ir, but I had to."
Philadelphia Press. i
A Wife's Tyranny.
She contradicts him at the head ofj
his own table, interrupts his anec
dote to set him right on an utterly!
unimportant little detail-say the dafoj
of a transaction, Mhieli he makes thu
7th of September and she asserts wai
the Sth; she interferes in all his ar
rangemeiits. and questions his authori
ty in the .tables, the field, rho church,
the consulting room; she apportions h:
food and regulates the amount of Mino!
he may take; should she dislike tho
smell of tobatvo she M ill not allow him
the most transient M'hiff of the most re
lined cigarette and, like her brother
M'ith his victim, she teaches the chil
dren to despise their father by the frank
contempt Mith Mhieh stie treats him
tind the May in Milien she l'oiits his
piiiion and denies his authority. IC
she is more affectionate than aggres
sive she renders him ridiculous by her
effusiveness. lake the "Sammy, love,"
Mifich roused Dean Alford's reproba
tion, she loads him Mith silly epithet
of endearment before folk, oppresses
him with personal attention and treaty
him generally as a sick child next door
to an idiot. '
All out of love and its unreasoning
tyranny she takes him into custody,
in public as in private life an. 1 allow
him no kind of freedom. Kobtist and
vigorous as he is, she worries over hi
health as though he were a confirmed
invalid; in the hey-day of his maturity
coddling him as if he were an octogena
rian bordering t.n the second childhood,
Site continually uses the expression,
"I shall not allow my husband to do
so and so," or. "I Mill make my husband
do this or that." Never by any chancd
does she confess Ids right to free action,
bound as he is in the chains f her
tyrannous affection. In the end s!m
makes him v.hat she has long fancied
him to be, a hackhoneloss valetudinari
an, whom the sun scorches to fever ami
the east Mind chills to pneumonia on.
Mho lias lost the fruit by "fading'
about the flower.
Tricks of Animal Humbugs.
In military stables horses an known
to have pretended to be lame in order
to aod going to a military exercise.
A ch.impanzee had been fed o:i cako
when sick; after his recover he often
feigned coughing in order to procure
dainties. The cuckoo, as is well known,
lays its eggs in another bird's nest, and
to make the deception surer it take
a u ay one of the other bird's eggs. Ani
mals are conscious of their deivit, as
is shoM'ii by the fact that they try to act
secretly and noiselessly; they show a
seiis. of gu'ilt if detected; they take pre
cautions in advance to avoid discovery;
In some cases they manifest regret and
repentance. Thus, bees Mil ich steal
hesitate often before and after their
exploits, as if they feared punishment.
A naturalist descrihes how his monkey
committed theft; while he pretended
fo sleep the animal regarded him with
hesitation, and stopped every time his
master moved or sivnied on the point
of awakening. London Telegraph.
Figures About People.
Ihiropean boys at birth are from one
half to one centimetre longer than
girls. Professor Waldeyer. of Berlin,
told the anthropological congress that
met recently at Cassel, but when grown
up man is ten centimetres taller than
woman. The average weight at birth
for lHys is ..:U.' grammes; for girls, ."i,
Juo grammes. The Ihiropean man is
superior to Moman in strength and
height, but the muscles of the tongue
are more highly developed in woman.
Male blood contains .",hn.,0o rod cor
puscles to a cubic millimetre, femalo
blood only 4.r0tU))0, while the average
man's brain weighs 1'172 grammes to
l.Hol grammes for that of woman.
Nicknames of King.
I'dgar, the Saxon king of England,
Mas The Peaceable, fnun his dislike of
Mar. John of England Mas called
Lackland, from losing a large share of
his possessions. Frederick II. and
Otto III., f (Jormany, Mere each styled
the Wonder of the World.
Bicycles Bulned Ills Business.
A Portsmouth lX. II.) liveryman fail
ed for $11!,X0 the other day. He says
bicycles ruined the business. Thrv
years ago he was worth $10,000. i