Newspaper Page Text
The Telegraph service of The
jjaily Grate City is received
over our own leased wire.
VOL. 122. NO. 80.
If a further search of the district's
|ild hiding places fails to locate the
jlll-o'-the-wisp," the Parral district
[mth will be invaded.
Villa is believed to be headed there
lith the remnant of his forces, hop
Lg to recruit new followers among
lib sympathizers around Parral.
I'hether Villa's wounds were as ser
lus as official Carranza reports indi
hted, began to be -doubted, since his
tjuries apparently have not inter
fered with his escape from his pur
sers. Further confirmation of the
pported murder of three Americans
pid two other foreigners at Minaca
nd Guerrero a week ago were also
Without direct news of the Villa
(an hunt, the border again became a
|e!d for wild rumors directed against
pe Carranza government
1 the chase. Amcncan and Carranza
Jfidals in El Paso scoffed at a re
lewal of reports of large defacto
oncentratlons along the expedition's
Tie of communications.
A rumor that Villistas were secret
gathering around Ascension for a
•low at General Pershing's supply
loute, was also offically regarded as
Despite official forecasts that It
Bay be weeks or months before Villa
caught, the border speculated on
Ids fate if captured.
Carranza Consul Garcia stated that
_T the United States troops took the
feandit alive, the Carranza government
yould not claim him as the American
iovernment probably would want to
Junish Villa for the Columbus raid.
If, however, the Carranza soldiers
apture Villa, Garcia said, the defacto
government would take his punish
fcent into its own hands for crimes
|omrrritt€d prior to the Columbus
The Carranzistas believe Villa has
jnportant information regarding for
lisrn interference In Mexican affairs.
They might bring pressure to bear
On him to confess the souroes of h|s
funds. However, his execution by the
.Carranrfstas eventually, if they take
•Im, is regarded as certain.
Saturday 131 Paso thought Villa
mild be caught today. Today the
PORT CHALMERS, New Zealand,
^pril 3.—Back from the Antarctic
|seas came the auxiliary ship Aurora
»f the ShaCkleton expedition today
•"with a thrilling story of perils from
American Cavalry Still Searching for Mexican
Outlaw Who is Reported to Have
EL PASO, Texas, April 3.—Army!border
len here today fear Villa has eluded
le American cavalry sweeping the
uerrero district since Wednesday's
rfht at the San Geronlmo ranch.
Pro at masses of drifting ice and of
(terrible hardships in the Ross sea.
The Aurora arrived off the coast
|ln command of Chief Officer J. R.
IStenhouse, of the Royal Naval
Iserve. Stenhouse became command
er when the Aurora broke loose from
jher moorings and went adrift last
[May, leaving Captain Mackintosh and
several other members of the party
[ashore on Cape Crozler.
A tug sent to the relief of tbe
[Aurora yesterday, wirelessed her ar
rival off the New Zealand coast, but
said she would toe able to proceed
[into port without assistance.
The Aurora's rudder was snapped
[off when she was caught in the ice
[pack last May. She drifted more than
[1,200 miles in the ten months she
[was held in the ice grip, hut her crew
[fitted out a Jury rodder when s'ne was
flne tMto IM i—i» slow
RUMORS WHILE NEWS IS LACKING
Speculation as to What Will be Done With the
Bandit When He has Finally Been
was more pessimistic. Bliz
zards and rain in the district south Of
Casas G-randes hampered the search
jfor Villa, It was rumored. A "pipe
dream" here was that Villa had al
ready been taken, but that General
Pershing was keeping the matter
quiet until Villa was safely in the ex
pedition's headquarters near Casas
Aviators Return Safely.
[By (H. D. Jacobs, United Press Staff
FIELD 'HEAD QUARTERS OF THE
AMERICAN ARMY NEAR DU.HLAN,
Mexico. (April 2, via wireless to Co
lumbus, N. .ML)—Two army aviators
missing with their aeroplanes since
Friday afternoon, arrived safely here.
They were caught in a rain, and snow
Storm In Chocolate pass, ten rtiiles
south, while enroute from Namiquipa.
Following this pass they narrowly
escaped death when faced by a blind
ing rain between lowering walls in
a quarter of an hour flight. The two
fliers finally lost their way in the
stortn and were forced to descend
a a an us at iv
rancher gave them food, lodging and
musical entertainment and brought,
them to headquarters Saturday. Aj
horse and wagon then went back aft
er the aeroplanes, which were un-j
Ten Day Limit.
[By H. D. Jacobs, United Press Staff
FIELD HEADQUARTERS OF THE
AMERICAN ARIMY NEAR DUBLiAN,
Mexico, April 2. (Via wireless to Co
lumbus, N. M„ April 3.)—Betting in
army circles today was even that Vil
la would be captured or killed within
The pursuit was believed to be
nearing a climax. I^arge reinforce
ments including infantry, have been
sent south to assist in the final
round-up. Villa was last reported be
ing enrried farther into the mountains
I of the Guerrero district In the wagon
which transported him to his first
hidiDg place after being wounded at
Guerrero. The American cavalry
men are still hotly pursuing Villa's
forces scattered In the San Geron
imo figh.. The reinforcements were
sent to both wings of the Guerrero
BCUl. IU "V" '"O'
'district to co-operate with the central
(Continued on page 2.)
SACK FROM ANTARCTIC SEAS
WITH A STORY OF PERIL I
reoiteen Months Away From
Home With no News of
the War's Progress.
©rogress toward the New Zealand
coast. The Aurora left for the south
pole shortly after the outbreak of the
war, planning to meet Lieutenant
Shackleton when he emerged in Ross
sea after crossing the pole from the
South American side. For seventeen
months she had heard no news from
the outside world.
"Is all well in the old country—we
have had no war news for seventeen
months," flashed the Aurora's wire
less operator a few hours before the
tug reached her.
From a New Zealand station the
latest war news went crackling back
to the relief ship. One of the mes
informed the Aurora's wireless
operator that his brother had been
killed in aot.ion at the British front.
The explorers leaned over the
Aurora's side and cheered wildly when
the tug approached, a wireless mes
sage said. They reported they had
been existing on the flesh of seals
and penguins since the ship broke
Captain Mackintosh and the party
marooned at Cape Crozier were in ex
cellent health and well supplied with
food, Commander Stenhonse reported.
Arrangements are being made for
a great reception fejp the party at
Dunedin upon the Aurora's arrival
BERLIN, April 3 Zeppelins again
raided the English coast Saturday
night, bombarding large Iron works
and Industrial establishments at Mld
dleborough and Sunderland with great
success, the admiralty announced to
'^On the night of April 1-2, our naval
airshjpa renewed their attacks against
the English sea coast," said the offi
cial statement. "On Mast furnaces,
large iron works and Industrial es
tablishments on the south bank of the
river Tees and on port establishments!
at Middlesbrough and Sunderland (225'
miles north of London) they threw
down explosive and Inoendiary bombs
for an hour and a half.
"Large explosions were followed by
flree. The successful effects of the
attack were olearly noticeable. In
spite of lively shelling, the Zeppelins
suffered neither loss nor damage."
PROUD OF BOATS.
[By Carl W. Ackerman, United Press
BERLIN, April 3.—The aussex af
fair Is arousing little apprehension in
Berlin with regard to German-Ameri
The tension apparent during the
Lusitania and Arabic negotiations is
utterly lacking. This is. chierty due to
the popular conviction that the Sus
sex was mined, not torpedoed, though
It Is pointed out that she formerly
was In service as a British transport
and might, through error, have been
so regarded by a boat commander.
The Increased activities of the
boats has created a most favorable
Impression among the German people.
1 he newspapers declared today that
since the new campaign against arm
ed merchantmen opened March 1,
submarines have sunk enemy ships
with a total tonnage of 72,000. It Is
estimated that enemy ships with a
totaT tonnage of 15,000 have been sunk
by mines in the same period.
BEGINS TO BOIL
Interest Centered in Primaries to
Elect Delegates In Three of
WASHINGTON, April 3. With
only sixty-four days to go before the
republican convention, three states,
important to G. O. P. success, will
hold primaries this week to elect 143
delegates. They are New York,
wfiose eighty-seven delegates, politic
ians here say, will go uninstructed
Michigan, whose thirty votes will go
to William Alden Smith, and Wiscon
sin, where LaFolIette and Governor
Phillpp are engaged in a bitter con
The belief is general here that the
net result will be to continue the ap
parent swing toward Hughes and
Roosevelt although the names of
neither will appear on the primary
In Wisconsin, LaFolIette Is seeking
a personal delegation to Chicago.
Governor Philipp Is fighting for an
uninstructed group. But the real
fight, it Is thought here, Is between
the liberal followers of LaFolIette and
the victorious "stalwarts" who swung
Governor Philipp into office.
Members of the Michigan delega
tion here believe sentiment In their
state is almost equal as between
(Roosevelt and 'Hughes and that the
situation which develops at the con
vention, will decide the final course
of the men elected.
New York is thought to be similar-
continued on page 2.)
[By tH. D. Jacobs, United Press Staff
FTCTjD HEADQUARTERS AMEJtl-
of his men. Every one of the thous-
of them expect to realise any con
crete gain thereby, but became that
is the main object of the expedition
and because its accomplishment is
KEOKUK, IOWA, MONDAY, APRIL 3, 1916
ILLA HAS ESCAPED ON ONE LEG
IU IKK SUM
New Affidavits reived on
Recent Attacks on Unarmed
Vessels by Sub
SITUATION IS SERIOUS
Cabinet Will Meet Tomorrow to Con
sider Additional Proofs of Dis-'
regard for International
[By Robert J. Bender, United Press
WASHINGTON, April 3.—President
Wilson is rapidly accumulating evi
dence tending to indict Germany for
recent attacks on unarmed vessels in
the English channel.
Word of new affidavits has reached
this country, it -was learned today..
The additional evidence materially
Increases the strength of opinion pre
vailing In administration circles that
a German submarine was responsible
for the attack on the Sussex and other
vessels, jeopardizing American fives.
The situation today was again de
scribed as "very serious.''
The cabinet will meet tomorrow to
take up the additional proofs received
by the state department. It is possible
by that time definite word as to Ber
lin's attitude on the Sussex and other
channel attacks will be at hand, In
view of a cable from Gerard stating he
anticipated an early reply to this gov
The suggestion that the Sussex may
have been torpedoed in the belief that
she was a British transport, contain
ed in -exclusive BerHn dispatches to
the United Press, proved of greatest
Interest to the state department offi
It was the flrst admission from Ber
lin that the Sussex may have been a
submarine victim. All previous dis
patches had insisted that the Sussex
struck a mine.
•No confirmation has come from Lon.
don of the German claim that the
Sussex formerly was engaged as a car
rier of British troops to the continent.
CONSTANTINOPLE, April 3.—A
Russian transport of about 12,0001
tons carrying troops and war ma
terial, was sunk by Turkish sub
marines on March 30, it was officially
Another enemy ship of about 1,500
tons and a sailing ship were also
Turkish submarines effectively
•helled the fortified coast north of
—In the work of consolidating the
mail subscription lists of The Gate
iCity and Constitution-Democrat, it is
possible that two papers might be sent
to the same address and notification,
to this effect, from the subscriber will
bo appreciated by the management of
Only One Thing Worries Soldiers:
They Cannot Find the Bandit
is now a veri
Subjected to long, hard hikes across an arid country and set up also are being used to carry import
^through a rough and practically wat- again—all within a day. ant dispato'fms to the border.
erless country, he has stood up under The problem of transportation has Motorcycles also are superseding
it credltablv, and what Is more, ha»ibeen practically solved by the scores the horse for dispatch hearing. The
PARIS, April 3.—By successful
counter attacks, French troops
gained ground last night in the Call
ette woods, southeast of Fort Douau
mont, the war office announced this
The counter attacks were of great
violence and brought to a halt the
German offensive delivered in this
region by a force estimated at 20,000
men. The Germans apparently were
attempting to drive southward, plan
ning to surround Fort Vaux, which
has resisted successive massed at
tacks by the Germans since the early
days of the Verdun fighting.
On the west bank of the Meuse, the
Germans bombarded Haucourt and
Esnes throughout the night. The
French guns on Hill 304 replied
In yesterday's fighting, the Ger
mans advanced on a front of nearly
two miles. The whole sector between
the ruins of Fort Dowaumont and the
Vaux brook was the scene of desper
By hurling mass after mass at the
French trenohes, the Germans foroed
their way across the Vaux-Douaumont
road. Then, sheltered from machine
gun fire by a slight rlse^ they ad
vanced into the northern fringes of
Further south, near Vaux village,
the German charge was met by a
sheeted fire that broke the grey ranks
In confusion. The French shattered
the German front with artillery and
machine gun fire from behind re
doubts on the highway leading west
ward from Vaux.
In the Woevre region, the night
was calm. In Lorraine, a German
reconnaissance was repqulsed.
A German war plane fell behind
the French lines near Moyen and Its
occupants were captured.
LONDON, April 3.—The Holt liner
Achilles wad sunk by a submarine
Friday without warning. Four of her
crew are missing and believed to
have perished. Her commander and
sixty-two others have been landed.
The 650 ton Glasgow steamer
Perth ihas been sunk with a loss of
six lives. It was stated that she car.
rled no armament.
The Norwegian steamer Ino has al
so been sunk. Her crew was saved.
REPORT IS DENIED.
LONDON, April 3.—The admiralty
this afternoon issued a denial of the
German wireless report that a British
of the Donegal class has been
No German report on the sinking
of the British cruiser of the Donegal
class, a vessel of 9,«00 tons, has been
received in the United States. It is
possible the statement was held up
by the naval censors at the Sayville
and Tuckcrton wireless stations.
SANTIAGO, Chile, April 3.—British
warships operating in the Pacific
have captured the Danish steamer
Zealandia, laden with nitrate of cop
STRIKE IS ENDED.
preserved his morale. Although his of powerful motor trucks now in field wireless is in use, but bad weath
days and nights are much taken up service between field headquarters.er conditions and the mountains com
by regular and special duties, he still and the border. Leaded with thous- bine again its effectiveness.
card ands of pounds of munitions and sup-, Under order of General Pershing, any Knowledge of the
plies, they make the trip over rough no camps have been made close to, charges
'Do yon remember having turned
over to the Russian government, the
come in contact with Villa or some
finds time for his baseball,
games, yarning and singing.
The only thing that interferes with roads in less than twenty-four hours, any Mexican towns during the march
his positive enjoyment of the oxped- But the old fashioned army wagon,'and no one is permitted to visit any!
ltionary movement is his inability to'and the still more old fashioned army.of the towns without special perm I s-i
T)© the man who captures or "pots" rough going in excellent shape, as dld'eggs, preserves and other additions
the bandit chief. It isn't because any the horses. The headquarters escort to the regulation "chow."
fkna DQUKUBV 4U3 WWVUiyUDUIUVUl ID 1UOL —*11*»
on* of (Im
not a* many as waa
GLASGOW, April 3.—The strike of
(Continued on pags 2.)
lems that ever faced an American mil- The advance detachments of cav
itary force. alry have penetrated no far to the specifications and intimate details of
Field headquarters is now a veri- south and southeast that their com- (jjfi fourteen inch guns, armor
CAN_E3CPE3DITIOlN NEAR DUBLAN, table city. It. has its streets, "wards,' imunicatlon witn headquarters has strength and other offensive and de
Mexico. (Via mail to Columbus. N. postoffice, police, hospital, sanitary, brought into use the aeroplane. These
|M.) April 3.—The American soldier squad, stores, municipal government machines, which are receiving and
is undergoing his first real test since and all. And this village can be standing up to the hardest test ever n^vy" members of the house naval
war. And he torn down in a comparatively few given a nited States army machine, committee today subjected Secretary
is making good. Iminutes, .transported several miles make the flight in a few hours. They Dalne]s to a grilling cross examlna-
e^stiu'have their usage and hun-sion. consequently, the soldiers nave ef-
are formed in wagon trains indulged In no "sight-seeing" but
ands of Uncle Sam* soldiers now in which accompany each regiment, many of them obtain permission fo|??ctt.s
Mexico, has his private ambition to The mules stood the heat, dust and barter with the natives for chickens,
made the entire trip to this ibasej The officers are not maintaining
without losing a single animal. Tne'any false optimism regarding the job
troops which preceded headtruartersj they have on hand and many believe
lost several mules and a few horses,lit will be months before Villa Is tak-ifact that the designs and specifica
tions were furnished the Russian gor-i
Charged That Specifications of
Our Guns Were Given to
I Other Nations.
IB II TURMOIL
Third Air Raid in Three Days Causes Great
Wave of Indignation to Sweep Over
HEM LOSS OFJJFE IS EXPECTED
On Sunday Night, Air Ships Hovered Over Scot
land for the First Time and Killed
[By Wilbur S. Forrest, United Press
(LONDON, April 3.—A great wave
of Indignation swept England today
following the third Zeppelin raid
with, heavy loss of life among non
combatants In seventy-two hours.
Demands for extreme punishment
for the crew of the Zeppelin I-rlfi
captured off the mouth of the Tliames
early Saturday were heard on every
side. The newspapers exercised the
greatest restraint In discussing the
possible fate of the prisoners. In the
clubs, the hotels and on the streets
they were denounced as "bsiby kill
ers" and it was urged that the gov
ernment should make an example of
Reports that the Zoppelin officers
are bfeing served from the ftrltlsh of
ficers' mess table with a servant as
signed to each, particularly aroused
the public's anger. It seems certain
that the government will be inter
rogated on this point In parliament.
Details of the Sunday night raid,
tbe first In which the coast of Scot
land has been visited, were still
lacking early today, but the war of
flee expected to make an announce
n'.ent of casualties this afternoon. It
is believed certain that the casual
ties in the three raids will total near
ly 300 In dead and wounded.
The Zeppelin attacks were gener
ally coupled in the popular mind with
the renewal of submarinines both in
Filtish waters and in the Medltcr
rean. Four more vessels have been
sunk in the last twenty-fouc hours
with the loss of nearly twenty lives.
Authoritative denial was made to
day of t'he truth of the official Ger
man statement regarding the Friday
night raid in which the L/-15 was shot
"It was unusually clear Friday
night," said an official. "If the Ger
mans showed such ignorance of the
localities they visited tinder ideal
weather conditions, how can they
hope to do military damage by Zep
pelin raids tinder less favorable con
"You know for yourself how near
the truth are the German claims re
garding boni'hs dropped on London,
[United Press leased Wire Service.]
WASHINGTON, April .".—Accusin/
his department of having furnished
features of the United States
other governments, "big
Representative Dutler, of Pennsyl
vania, made the charges that the
plans and specifications had
fallen into the hands of the Russian
government and the Krupps under
administration. The secre-
"I do not." Daniels replied.
"If that was done, you would say
It was wrong?" "Butler asked.
"Absolutely." Daniels retorted.
"Then you know nothing of the,
Partly' cloudy. Temperature
unchanged. Local temp—7 p.
m. 53 7 a.m. 3S.
The reports 4K batteries silenced and
factories attacked in other localities
are equally absurd."
In their raid last night, the Zeppe
lins dropped about fifty bombs on
Scotland a northeast county, most of
the missiles falling In rural districts.
Raid on Dunkirk.
PARIS, April S. —A Zeppelin raided
the French seacoast town of Dunkirk
last night, dropping eight bombs, tt
was officially announced this after
Two persons were killed and tour
Carranza Ends the Game.
MEXICO CITY, April 3.—A number
of business houses owned by interests
not ttwroagMy •la -sympathy with the
carranza administration, went on the
auction block hero today at tbe direct
order of Provisional President Car
ranza. They had been closed down
by their owners for the purpose of
Impending the restoration of normal
business conditions In the capital.
This is one of the many problems
that have harassed Carranza and
which he Is gradually solving. The
interests that have profited by the
fluctuation in money values realized
today that thefr gpme is ended. The
flrst chief has issued a decree, effec
tive today, that local authorities shall
take charge of all business houses
closed without just cause, make an
Inventory of their contents and auc
tion them ofT at public sale.
The military government Imposed
upon many cities throughout the state
of Mexico has been raised and the
people are now at liberty to elect
their own officials.
Will be Reprimanded.
SAN AiNTONTO. Texas, April S.—
John B. Mort, who crossed the border
near Marfa. Texas, after Mexican
raiders, is to be reprimanded by Gen
The military court martial wMct)
tried Mort for alleged violation of war
department instructions, found the
lieutenant guilty of some of the
charges and not guilty of others. He
was sentenced to be reprimanded.
General Funston will administer it.
SECRETARY OF NAVY GRILLED
BY MEMBERS OF CONGRESS
eminent under your administration.,"
"1 know nothing of it,™ Daniels re
'^Will you ask Admiral Strauss for
a copy of the letter sent to the Krupp
rompanv in Germany so we will know
whether the specifications of our
inch gun.- were given to the German
government?" Butler asked.
Daniels said he would ask for tha
ursied passage of th«
armor plate bill without amendment,
opposing an amendment offered by
tiiitler that the private armor manu
facturers should be given contracts
ir. case they would
factory to ihe secretary of the navy.
"I know it would be a costly ex
periment," Daniels said. "I kno*
tjese armor plai=. uealers would not
produce rirnior at any price without
a large profit. I would not give to
my secretary the power to deal wi*li
monopolies. I. mrst he a public
transaction. Tha rule of the secre
!afv under your amendment would oe
final. A pricc tbat might be satis
a price satis
would not be to another. The whole
po|ic).-it''on lor or-vate contract for
.irmor plate man '•acture is unsatis
factory to me.
"I would not he satisfied with th-s
death bed repentances of corpora
tions that have been charging ex
Daniels said tiip armor plate de
livery bad been prompt and the qual
ity satisfactory, the only objection
being the prioa.