g Record Advertising
jj Costs NotHing.
g It pays for itself. The investment is
e sure of returns. Get our rates.
pYaT..ti r a-.
3 is rich in coal, iron, timber, potter's clay,i
k.t.'tc., and the most inviting field in Ken-
tucky for investment of capital and pluck.
GREENVILLE, KY THURSDAY, NOVEMI1ER 11, 1912.
VOL. XIV. NO. 42.
50c. PER YEAR, IN ADVANCE
ViiO SS TO BLAME?
SC'ins Kentucky School Superin
tendents Make but SI a Day.
EVEN PAY OWN. POSTAGE?.
Out Wilh Thets Pitiful Salaries They
Must Put Up Bonds as High as $10,
CCD Average Territory Is a Hundred
Uoes tha blrma for school conditions
lis ei the dogr of the county Superin
tendents or the people at large?
Mcny county superintendents receive
salaries of $430 a year, and none cf
them receives more than $1,?03. When
a man has a salary of $103 he is of
necessity forced to do something else
or starve to death.
No stream can rise higher than its
source. No underpaid man can put
energy and thought into his work. In
one of the fertile and prosperous coun
ties of Kentucky not many miles from
Cincinnati, O., I had an interview with
a county superintendent whom I knav.
to be a "live wire" educationally. My
first question was:
"How respcnsible does the public
consider your position?"
"Do you mean as measured by my
salary or by th bond I am asked to
- "Well. I have to give a bond of $30.
C00. You see, I have $24,000 to pass
through my (line's annually to finance
th forty-six schools thut are scattered
over the county. Besides, the school
houses with their equipment are an in
vestment of about $55,000."
"You say scattered over the county.
How much territory doss it cover?"
"This is rathsr a small county but
my schools that I am forced to visit
cover a territory of a hundred square
miles, and thev ire on many kinds of
roads. It is quite a proposition to su
pervise the w:rk of sixty-five teachers
in forty-six schools, to say nothing of
th office work and the inspection that
is necessary fcr repairs and new build
ings." I was silent for a moment, thinking
of the probable salary that would be
paid a manager to take charge of a
business with $55,000 in the plant,
ponding $24,000 a year running ex
pense d mvering a' territory of
. hundred ua-o miia-i smwsd -and
coked qme.N: -
"What salary dots this county allow
you for your work as county superin
tendent?" "FIVE HUNDRED AND TEN DOL
LARS." "Do the county end state allow you
an adequate expense account?"
He pulled a pocket notobook from
nis desk and smiled rathsr bitterly as
"They do not even pay for the stamps
r stationery in my office work. Let
mo run aver this for a moment and
show you how it goes. I must keep a
Mors and bugjy or I cannot get
about. As this county has never taken
vor the turnpikes I must pay my own
toll. If I am fir from homo in winter
time I must stay all night at some
notel. All this mkes my expenses for
(he pest year $230. leaving mo at the
and of the vtar $280. That's LESS
THAN A COLLAR A DAY FOR AB
SOLUTE WORKING TIME."
"What is the highest salary paid
county stipe r:ntendents in the state?"
"Fifteen hundred, and they are few
and far between There are lots of
them cn the $430 and $C00 basis, and
it simply mnt that the fellow has to
do life insurrn:e, farm a little, taks a
place in a stors, make a living in soma
way and then use what time he can
spare for the schools."
IT SIMPLY MEANS THAT. OUR
RURAL SCHOOLS ARE NOT MAN
AGED AT ALL. THEY ARE MORE
Education for the mass of the peo
ple is cn irvectment and a business
proposition. With a carefully edu
cated population a state or a commu
nity can movs forward in a desert, any
where you p'ac them. With an il
literate population the finest country
on the globe cannot force them to
make good, drains, trained brains, is
the insistent call of the twentieth cen
tury. Does Kentucky hear that call?
Business and prosperity follow brains;
lawlessness and poverty follow illiter
rcy. Kentucky will be out of step with
the onward r.weep of the hurrying
twentieth ctntury eo long as she al
lows thirtccr children out of every
hundred to (row into manhood and
womanhood robbed of the divine right
of being able rt least to read and to
In order th-t Kentucky may occupy
a place in the forefront in the matter
of education, a movement has been in
augurated for the improvement of
Indifference due to a failure to ap
pracifta the rial value of education is
no of tha verv serious obstacles which
have confronted every movement to
ward a higher standard of educational
work. In thx last few years greater
interest has been exhibited generally
ever the state, indicating in a decided
manner that our people were shaking
off tha letharny of the past and were
aspiring to place the state on a sound,
progressive oducstional basis.
Every citizen must rejoice over this
awakening, and all 'should now unite
in a continuous, earnest effort to atons
for neglect of the past. It would be a
useless task, in view of this growinq
appreciation af tha importance and
value of education, to make any argu
ment or submit any extended report in
MAINTAINING STONE ROADS.
Protective Value of Wood Meal I.Vixed
With Oil and Tr.
tliio wlio Is luW'i-fKtiM in i'ik'i! I I'.ii I
liii; niiil think In' knows Imw t
taiu a iii;ir:il:iini.'il r;iil ill ;i Ih. r
i. uglily t(Yivtit aiiil i Ihmii way t:t -:
"It my observations niv outivI il;
dt'slrtH'lioii of a r:nl stal ls in t In'
Ixwiiii: iiianiK-r: Small stones or peli
He are loosi'tusl hy the wheels of e
liieles ninl wattetv.l oxer tin" ro.nl.
lea v ill',' little holes (herein. Xow. as
loiiK as I lie wheels liml Iron tires these
little Htoties were t;rimnil or eni-in!
by those wheels, niul the holes in ilu:
roiul were lilletl again with their ;ust
the rains playhii; M-rhap a p'.ul part
lu parkin;; i'u.1 tilling the material.
"With the soft wheeled atlloi.ioliilo
nil thisi hauled for the worse. The rap
id revolution of the broad wheels ami
the Miction eaiised by tliem a nil ly the
low- I todies of the machines loosen the
little htones more easily and pii My,
and nD there are b.mlly any iion
wheels left to :rind and crush Un
loose 'lil)les the small doles soon 1 -come
plentiful, and before long thry
grow- Into larpe ones and ruts.
"To sprinkle the roads with llipiids
Is quite Ineffective to prevent H'ilinjr.
It must lie something that lias a liutly
that will bind the particles of the road,
fill nil holes and protect the surface.
It must lie solid enough to lie strewn
on the road. There are probably many
ways of producing such a road pro
tector, and many ingredients might lie
used for It, but one of the liest, I think,
would lie wood meal that is, ground
sawdust, ground bay or draw, ground
cornstalks or any such article which
Is cheap and plentiful and which ran
easily be ground to meal and which
will doat and not do up the sewers
If used In the city. This meal should
be soaked In or mixed with ell or with
a mixture r.f oil and tar or any other
suitable binder, so that It will not
only protect and keep Intact the roads,
but also lay the dust. If used cn as
phalt It would give a good footing for
horses, which Is sorely needed."
NEW TYPE OF ROAD.
Combination of Brick and Concrete
With Sand to Distribute Pressure.
With contract work about to begin
on millions of dollars' worth cf new
roads lu New York state there Is natu
rally much curiosity as to whether or
not any new Ideas in construction will
I tried. The state engineer's recent
report Indicates that the ordinary mac
adam does not last we!' ;!.-
p.i-t and friction of au.iiiot :ie tiiiiiir.
v, t '. . kls raphiTyTncreaUi. miuI i-oi..;
we;, suited for the demands of a dec
ade ago fall to give satisfaction pro
portionate with their cost under mod
It is Improbable that the Ideal form
of construction has boon discovered,
although the building methods are very
numerous. A rtrooklyn Inventor claims
to have emlndk'd scientific Ideas In a
form of road for which he has been
granted patents and for which he makex
strong claims. It has a surface of pav
ing brick block joined wllh cement
and supported by large blocks of con
crete. Through each block run several
vertical holes, and In these, according
to the Inventor, lies the virtue of the
The boles are filled with sharp sand,
and between the brick surface and the
supporting blocks Is placed an Inch
layer of sand. This road. It Is held,
cannot be broken down. The sand dis
tributes pressure upon the rurface
against the sides of the holes instead
of vertically. Drawing moisture from
the ground. It will present a springy
elastic base, for which a life of many
years Is anticipated. The new road has
many other advantages In theory, at
least, "rt Is probable that an offer will
be made to give an actual illustration
of its value to those Interested In the
construction of new state highways.
AUTOMOBILE ROAD TEST.
Norristown, Pa., to Find Out How Mo
tor Cars Affect Highways.
In resenting the Imputation that au
tomobiles are more harmful to Im
proved highways ttinii liorc drawn ve
hicles Assemblyman liex of Norris
town. Pa., at the annual convention of
supervisors the other day suggested
that a practical test be made to dem
onstrate the relative wear and tear of
both classes of vehicles cn public
He offered to contribute to the con
struction of such a road, which will 1m
composed of two parallel highways ex
actly alike. Over one of these roads
horse drawn vehicles are to pass and
over the other the automobiles.
Lesson In Good Roads.
The state engineer of New York In a
receut report says that lu 1907 New
York built 311 miles of good roads
and In 1003 820 miles. The taxpayer
have authorised the expenditure of
SoO.OOO.OOO for reads, and the legisla
ture has added $11.0O0,iXi:. It Is .';t:it
cd that the contention for good rn:u!:
had to be waged for years to get tlie
work started. The farmers were tiie
strongest In opposition. New Jersey
and Massachusetts took up the work
before New York, but now the
Ire State Is getting In line. Py the
time the f'U.OOO.OCO kIhiU hive been
rpent the three states, which a!l J"i'.i
at points, will have a great system f
roads. One may leave I hiladtiph! i
and reach Rostcn on highways Kincoih
and solid. ' A good automobile may
easily beat the trains on tlil.i trip, a ml
surely the pleasure Is nricb greater.
Highway Seven Hundred Mil: Long.
A highway stretching In a direct line
tf 700 miles from Atiauta to Washing
ton is now the subject of promotion on
the part cf the Good Iloads club of
BEGINNING WITH SHEEP.
In Shauherdina Is the Keynct
Li t iv.e n.lvi-.e Hie !,;;. mcr to start
wilii a few rh.'e;. ivi V.. ( t'oIiVy
of the I'liivcrsiiJ of iliimii-i. 0!:;ci';-e
tliel.l clo.e'.y ami oileii ;i;rl ; ' ,-:-. t to
learn their ii;ili;ic-. iiiU i.iote tlian
an lliin r cl-e wi'A ten h you Imw .j
iK.i!i: ge tlieia. You l not have I i live
willi ih"int !:! jts ;.n oil successful
t-hepherd sai.I, i'lie shadow of the
Mieplicrd nhoiild be o ?r them." ilu)
iiiitii i;iiitioii of tl'i-'ii- ill i and needs is
the higlie-it te.-t of the siieplu rd's skill,
ami it is tliiu tli.it i-vcty beginner
MimiM ict mil to Icai u.
'J lie keynote to successful sheep hus
bandry anywhere is !,ill In shepherd
ing, t'aivl'iil siU'clion of foundation
stock l ull iuip'jrlaitt. 'i lie i . sl:t-'il-l
lie cltvii:: ia constitution, bealiliy and
active, ity the term hcillliy wo mean
that they be free from ucll iiiicru.il
parasites as stomach worm, tape worm,
clc. Tlie farm that has nut bad sheep
on it for a iiuiiiIht of years is usually
clean, and if tl'.o beginner introduces
li iiifested s-hcep up ,11 Ills f.it :n he
greatly reduces tiie chances of attacks
from parasitic dise.iie.i. Active ewes
with strong con litutioiis usually nurse
well and impart rapid g;:vt!i t the
lambs, which is a very important fac
tor In making lambs prime lVr an cariy
market where they nearly always sell
at fancy prices.
One of the Beet Crosses.
One of the best crns.se i is to breed n
giiid, pure bred ram f any of the
l.)vn breeds upim owes having .a
strong iufiiiiou of Mor;u. bio id. l'e
sidi'S weight of lleece fie Merino also
Imparts hardiness, while the Down
blood secures a carcass, which inccis
with favor on the market. r.evare of
indiscriminate crossing1 or the use of
inferior grade rams, lectiuse cither
method results in lac'; of uniformity
aud ipiallty In tl4e flock,
Helping Out the Pastures.
Aside fr-.iin allot till pastures. Hie
fl.vk should have a chance occasionally
at the neglected places. They enjoy
cleaning up st:';!i coruers. Kapc cud
cow pi'as or soy be:t us sawn in the corn
just before the hint cultivation furnish
excellent forage in early auiumu for
lambs retained for yearlings. Often
the breriliii' ewes can be riven n brief
run upon this sawimr t. tinsU tliem ia
preparation for the btwdin;? season. A
small acreage of wlut.-r rye servos
well to satisfy the cwei mid lambs In
early spring until the pasture grasses
have reached tnillicicnt growth for
grazing. In winter feeding. If the
grower has some legnmiu-nrs hay, such
as clover or cowpea hay, he may use
lbs grain that is cheapest and easiest
The General Purpose Farm Horse.
Many farmers get the I. lea that til
they have to do Is to breed their nou
d'.wript mares to some Io;;gy coach or
hackney to get a general purpose farm
horse. We have seen hundreds of colts
from this Uiud of bneJIns .mi must
eay that not ft per cent of them are
even fair specimens of the general ptir-IHi.-e
horse, while 50 per cent cr more
are failures from every point of view,
writes a breeder In Ioner Kicld and
Farm. We have seen much liotter re
sults when the coach stallion has liec.l
a liner and more compactly built one
or when a hackney or American trot
ter of compact, smooth, muscular type
has lieen the sire. These obrorvatioiu
lead to the conclusion that this latter
plan la the surest one to bring soma
measure of t'.uccej i.i prodiul: a yea
era I purpose farm hor.-e.
Ilavo plenty of help in haudliiitf the
Hogs should be hung until thorough
ly cooled out before bundling or remov
ing to the cellar.
I'igs showing sigus of thumps saoulj
be stirred out of the nest.
Hoots aud vegetables, together with
wraps from tho house, uwili Le given
to the hogs.
One of tho best foods for yotin-; pltf
is iniddllugj, nya the l'a: ;mv i .Vr.o
t:U. They will do well on it when
ml.'.ed with water. If mi.-.ei with s-hn
bilk it is a betler fooj, and whey u
superior to water.
Many breeders make the mistake of
keeping the herd boir lu u small, dirty
pea and provide no yard for him to ex
ercise in. He sho-.tld have a strong pen
and a yard of about an acre away from
the rest of t!e herd.
I'iii-s of about the same nge niii size
thrive hoist when conliued ia yards by
themselves. They look hotter, fe;d
better and sell better.
A good rule to follow i.i to litake
larga yards and not confine the pigs on
too small an area.
gmnll or weak pigs can be nourished
o'l the Ixittle, containing warm cow's
iii'.k with a little sugar added.
( lean, disinfected yards help keep thu
-V ?;od lijg bonce means good ho"
Additional experiments at the To
ronto experiment Hatio-i e a!lrm the
results at the Vermont and other stations-
that for young and growing hogs
Pithily sour milk In a better food than
t!et the hogs to market when thrv
are properly fitted. When they get
heavy and (! not eat readily they ere
lilted. When they get fat and up to" a
good weight gain or weight li put o;i
lit an increased co4.
Save your breeder from tin tows
that are the best mother.
A ;uarai:tine pen is necessary o:i
every farm where Inss are kept and
.'h uil.l lie tande tight. Any new hozi
th it come Into the herd idiould be plac
ed in it aud coutiuid until all danger U
OCOCK PLAN FOR KEN HOUSE
Convenient and Satisfactory Building
to Accommodatft Flock of Fif
teen Chickens In C'ty-
The Orock chicken house is a con
venient and satisfactory house for city
lots. it will ncc. titniodale !." Indi
vidual, ii' pood care In f.ivcn tl'.o limit.
A dirt tleor in riinwu at the left in f.
At the rir.ht in (' is a board floor on
vhUli the straw litter Is placed In
Showing Cloth Screen.
winter months. A piece of 2 by 12
Inch material is used as a partition, to
prevent The straw from pelting over
on ti the dirt, and 13 shown in O.
The perches, c, on the dropping hoard
are movable to nn-.ke cleaning easier.
The "dropping board id hinged and
Opening Above Screen.
should bo swims up as high as the
cloth screen during tho day, especial
ly during the winter aud early spring.
The ticsjts are open under tj dropping
beard and have sii'.;)! ile iri tne
K!ie uejst io the llc-.i-tri';'ii'? "f 4 g
the eggs. The uesta ,.i no voustrttct-
Showing Dirt Floor.
ed 03 to be removed any time for
cleaning. A cloth screen extends tho
full length over the dropping hoards,
rcoids, and floored portion. The Trame
work being shown at tl, c2, in C. A
drop curtain of canvaj Is In front to
be used on cold nights; this Is Bhown
at a in C and at h In D. An opening
Is made In each end cf the house
above the screen a.Pd ia tkown t a In
B, also nt a in I). A cloth screen H
hln&ed above the window in A and ia
th own open at d in D. The small
Keeps Strsw in Place. '
three light j;ls:n3 iat;h above the six
light sa -h Is alio hinged and is shov. n
open at e in 1). Tiio roof, side wall
and fwC.d arc covered with tiir paper
inside in the half which Is devoted to
the roosis, nest i uui prt of tho
floored space. The boarding of tbla
house Is railed up ui:d down.
ECONOMY IN THE BEST FEED
Nc-thing Gained by Purchasing Sup
plies for the Poultry Because
They Are Called Cheap.
rnv a. o. sYiroxriS.)
No matter what toed is Riven the
fowls be sure It U the very best that
cun be procured. It doi s not pay to
'buy poor grain or poultry food of any
kind. i;onie people tli'ik It Is ceo-titMniev-.l
to buy poultry supplies bo
c uu e they ur cheap.
' The best is none too good, la a
rule tia npidicahlo here es anywhere
eli-e. Only the very bci-t grains should
be sain tioecd. Only the choicest
brand i.f beef scraps, tine cut clover,
:ilf;i!ii, and other toods of this sort
rl'on'.d l e u:-ed. There H noll.fng that
will roji-iy one better for good care
mid food ibein than a tiock of
hens. See to il then that in the mat
ter of ioods given them only the best
bo rr'curcd and only the best bo fed.
Valu -j of Charcoal.
For nil kinds of digestive trouble
efcarcoai Is one of the best rerumjin
Z : .1
1 1 '
1 D rt fcor -J-0:
!- , ,Usi.V"
-"--a ""'(! i1-. a J-
i 1 h
As f:iti. oiAr i...A t .-
" J iiiui I'ciwi; un; wruuiil, st 0 QiSease
impure tiMut -
They can't stand against this match5cs- broom of the blood. Cut they go, along
with the troubles they cause; such as pimpies, boils, sores, eczema, salt
rheum, malaria, rheumatism and lutiney disorders. It makc3 a clean sweep.
It cures quickly and cures ta stay. It elves rlorious health and vigor to tr
weak, 6ickly and run-down.
PRICE 50c AND Sl.OO PSFI BOTTLE
DR. J. W. BARLOW,
II B N T I HTi
Crown aud Unfile Wurk done at reaaoaabic
O.lica up alairs, in the Jouv. Building.
DR. T. J. SLAT0N,
Mhyalclan and HurCon,
Office Main-croMt atrect near MaiuKtreeC It
KVt'C B. OKAY.
HOWARD S GRAY,
(Witt ia 6rrri Biiilaint. epposite LsBUade Hottl.
DBS. HELTSLEY & HELTSLEY
Ollice at Home, East Maisvcras Street.
Tolephons No. 79.
Louisville and - Chicago
llUST LINK TO
California and the
Two trains daily
Frcacb Lick anJ West Baden Springs.
- - - - - - -
Dinin? and Parlor Cars.
Palace Drawing Room Sleepers.
E. H. BACON. D. P. A.,
N. W. Cor. 4th and Market tits.
tv.i-:,f 3isri.iiii our T'iiiM'ii frc;i u:!i-r r:i
til V 111 titl itllt:t!hl. 4'i li.i:;U i;. .'
lui'i i : injtlf n.i:U.U!ttt 1. IriflULJfiK rnf.'iiU
out fitfJ. l'Jrt nu'"i4-jr l-r lilt.-.' pit:il ".
r:tf"ii" t.tkMi tiir.HiL'rt Miitiil Jk t Xo::?C
tiff 'i-'t HOilet Wi'f!,t CtlPL'C, iltlliO
vnlriiii.il of mnw wiei't!tl urnul. Tcrni. t a
f.uir hkiii!i l1L Stltil l nil VtMiaTA'traLnr.
Ii is a very ser:ou3 ir.altrr t.- 3fc
Icr ens ir.cciti;:2 cnJ hvc tlic
v.rcnj c::o f've yc-j. lcr thb
reason v. a vrjc joa u wy-i' ,j
be careful to get the gtuuioa fn(
The reputation cf this oil, rcli-
lz rr.cdicins, for cc-.L-tipaiioa, ic
dlgestion and liver trouble, is firm
ly establish? j. It loc3 r.ct tinita.e
other medicihes. Ti ii better than
ethers, cr ii would not bo the fa
vorite liver ftowdcr, with a larger
sols Loan Cil c;hcr3 ccnibusj.
SOLD IN 10 A7!
- OVER 63 YLAtlS
r itdM ioui rumors in me Diooa tiy uetore
Z3 SOLD AMU GUARANTEED BY C
Sold by Jarvis S Williams.
SHANNON, MERCER & (0.
VVc announce to our trade and the pub
lic that our stocks cf goods in all depart
ments arc larger and better selected than
ever in our history. Vvc carry a varied
line of :-: :-:
and can supply most of the want, of the
people." In Dry Coods, Clcif.iii;4, Shoej.
Hats, Etc., we offer large selections.
In Groceries. Hardware, Tinware, Farm
Implements and such goods our stocks
are especially strong. :-:
In ril departments prices will be found
the lovcst, and your visits will be hrghly
appreciated. :-: :-:
We have just tdded an
fa business, an J will carry a comprel
kek. Robes. Suite, WrappCrs and 1
f in service, on call anywhere.
W and careful attention any hour
i Tt!e?Li8Cs: Stere, Ilo. I.
SHANNON, MERCER & CO.
KfJ vhrd C-.rJui did for Miss Myria En'cr, of I
tfi Farlbauli, l.hv. $'as cays : " Let nc tell you how much
geed Cr.:dt:i Jus dono inc. . A3 a younj girl, I always had
o v.. ::i r.:i K.rv
'Cii so vcz.'x lhA I c";i-1 iznlh stand my feet 1 got a
Ja !kIU2 r f C.-;(:ui, A th-a d?ifj
bi taken a f:v tljcj, I bea
Today, I feel c.s veil as
Are yo:i a vorr.dn iren you arc subject to a large
E-4 number cf trouble unJ irrcgahrities, peculiar to women,
v. t'i'.i!, i.i n.ii., tviu v. ttii'.'us
A t--:iic !; needed to :c!p yea over the bard places, to
relieve .-.I'i-i , ?:"".b.:he, cud oiher vnnccesssry pains,
ff'4 for a tank, .:s:e Cit-'Ut,
:! Ynn will ncwr rcrrct if.
Ask you: druisi n!oi
H'j.ic tiOivi" Adir.r 1-Tt .
-.1 for i'Prt-fc; .: uOm m. a:U ii-t-iiJ SU.
. ' 1
gCflllS, CIICXC afttl
Undertaking Department to our
ehensive line of Coffins, Cas-
and Dresses. Also have a Hearse
Orders in this line given prompt
day or night
fi Eo. !7 er Ka. i
i ci pa'st, 5ca5Ci:raes, i was
ct.vc, and zs scon as 1 had t
i;,e wci.ians tonic.
f r it v. i!l ccrbinlv fiefn vntt
i It. He knows. He sells it
CWKiora Aud ciaf Ct . Chittanaaex Tmiii..
ii jsjs Tn-auacct i-t Vocwa." wul Ifce. J im
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