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I ' Record' Advertising 9
5 is rich in coal, iron, timber, potter's clay.
W It pays for itself.
sure of returns.
The investment is $
Get our rates. S
MJtc., and the most inviting field in Ken
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v - x njTK ). Aim x k h k k n k H.n x x;rXjIjiK'iii
VOL. XIV. NO. IS.
GR1-F.NVILLK, KY.. THURSDAY, DICCKMMIIU 5, 1012.
50c. PER YEAR, IN ADVANCE
MEDITERRANEAN FRUIT FLY IS SERIOUS
DRAWBACK TO SUCCESSFUL CULTIVATION
Considerable Interest in Very Dastruclivc Insect Recently Arousid
by Action of Department of Aririciillure in Calling for
Heatings on Advisability ol Quarantine.
The Mediterranean Fruit Fly and
Tho recent announcement of ST
tary Wileou of the department of ag
riculture of Iris purpose to bold bear
ings for th purpose of determining
the advisability of a ouarantino against
importatioim of plants, fruits or trees
from rountrii where the Mediterran
ean fruit fly U known to evist. has
aroueed considerable interest in this
very destructive insect, and there have
been many demands on the depart
ment for information concerning it.
To meet this demand Dr. U O. How
ard, chief of the bureau of entomology,
has had prepared a circular No. ICO
of his bureau of which A. U Quain
tance is the author.
That the Mediterranean fruit fly is
a most serious drawback te the suc
cessful cultivation of fruit in the coun
tries where it is established, there
can be no question. Indeed, the cul
tivation of fruits is scarcely possible
in the worst infested regions. The
fruit-irrowinc; industry of Bermuda was
practically destroyed many years ago
by the introduction of the Insect into
that island. Its introduction into the
United States in all probability would
be calamitous to the orchard interests
of our more southern ttates and f
California, in which regions It would
find conditioLS very similar to those
in countries where it now exists in
most destructive numbers. I!y the
stablishment of. a strict quarantine,
icJi i p'cuosed by the secretary, it
. is betiu4 lbat.Ti. wiU o "ituMaiuie To
preven'VisKiter to the American fruit
The greatest amount of damage Is
done to the ripening fruit by the fe
male, which, with her sharp oviposi
tor, pierces the fruit aud deposits the
small glistening white eggs just under
neath the skin. Tliese hatch ia a very
short time, two to four days in midsum
mer. Their development, however, de
pends upon the ripeness of fruit in
all probability if the fruit is green,
the eggs will cot hatch. The larvae
or "maggots" when hatched at once
GRAPES NOT HURT
BY HONEY BEES
Busy Little Workers Never Punc
ture Skin of Luscious Fruit,
There are tome subjects on which
it is impossible to convince our older
farmers and fruit growers that their
inherited notions are at fault. No
amount of tcientiflc assertion aud
demonstration by the hlghofet authori
ties avail to chango their opinions or
to make thim hesitate to assort and
reassert them in their communica
tions to agricultural Journals and Ie
meetings of f ocietics w here such ques
tions are discussed.
One of tlu re Is that under certain
climatic or oilier conditions wheat
ied is transformed to chess seed; and
another much' vouched for at this
season Is that bees are injurious to
grapes, says a writer in the Farm
Again and again have the most care
ful observers announced in lectures
and published horticultural journals,
that they had never seen a boney bee
cut the skin of a ripe grape or of any
Of course. It was freely admitted
that bees were often seen sipping the
juices of graios that bad been pecked
by birds or clipped by the sharp jaws
of wasps and other Insects; and in
'this they do r.o harm, for a puuetured
or injured grape is of no further value
to. the vlneyardhst.
In an endeavor to settle this matter
beyond dispute. Dr. Riley, while en
tomologist cf the Department of Ag
riculture, tiuhorized one of his assis
tants to Investigate the matter thor
oughly; and to do this a portion of a
grape trellis with bearing vines en
closed in the most secure manner un
der a wire screened tent of considera
ble size, together with a hive of bees.
with sufficient boney for their susten
ance. As tup grap ripened the clus
ters were uuder aUuont constant In
spection duriag tho daylight hours,
end, though the Lees buzzed about
thorn, never once during a period of
several weeks was a bee seen to cut
a grape, though wUen some were part
ly crushed by the attendant, the bees
were eager for a 6ip of the fresh Juice.
It would ci em that nothing coulj
be more conclusive for the exculpation
of the bees fiom the charge of being
depredators in vineyards, backed, at
It is, by many other observations ou
Larva. (Greatly Magnified.)
begin to feed on the pulp of the fruit.
In apricots they make straight for the
center; In peaches and other fruits
they are more inclined to work out in
different directions. When fully de
veloped, hich usually requires a fort
night or three weeks, they leave the
fruit, w hirh has previously fallen, and
tnter the ground. Here they soon
change to the pupal stage, and remain
for 12 days to three weeks, when they
become transformed into a By,
completing one generation.
The governments of certain coun
tries have put in force regulations for
the enforced control of fruit flies, and
iu each instance the principle follow
ed has been the inspection of orchards
end cleaning up and destruction of all
fallen fruit. At the present time the
1'nited States authorities are experi
menting with the "poison-bait" meth
od of controlling the insect, similar to
that tried in South Africa. In that rase
the bait consisted of a solution of live
gallons of molasses, one pound of ar
senate of lead, and 25 gallons of wa
ter. This was used in too form of a
spray evenly distributed over the
trees, bushes, prickly pears, etc. Not
only were thousands of iho flies pre
vented from reaching maturity, but
the deposition of eggs in the fruit al
ready ripening was almost completely
stopped. The fruit on all the late va
rieties of treated trees ripened per
fectly, j ii J v.us -!d m; the market and
guarantMi tree Ii.n iiie maggot.. Ca
the tre that were cot sprayed the
situation was just the reverse, almost
every ripe fruit being infested by
maggots ranging from newly hatched
to fully developed. The pupa were
also present under some of the decay
ing peachas, and there were numerous
flies flitting about the trees. The pol-soned-bait
method of controlling the
fly appears 'entirely feasible in this
country, especially in more or less arid
regions, where the spray cannot be
washed oTf by rains, and is not other
the actions of bees in the-open; and
yet the same charge is made, yeai
after year, by grape growers who ex
perience loss in baviug their clusters
mutilated, aud who seem determined
to consider the harmless bees as the
principal source of the trouble.
Many Weed Seeds and Disease
Germs Contained in Ordinary
The use of rotted stable manure as
a source of greenhouse plant food has
been the custom for so many years
that more effective forms of plant
food make headway slowly; yet this
rotted stable manure has many disad
vantages. It always contains more or
les weed seeds as well as disease
germs, and it supplies plant food In
available form very Irregularly.
Also by fermentation it materially
influences the temperature of the
seed beed, a temperature we have no
means of regulating. The ammonia it
contains is not nitrated, hence for
forcing it cannot be safely relied up
on. For greenhouse work the fer
tilizer chemicals should be used, such
as nitrate of soda, acid phosphate,
and sulphate of potash. They should
always be used in such proportions
that 100 pounds of ammouiate nitro
gen are always accompanied by 30
pounds of phosphoric acid and 70
pounds of actual potash.
The quantity to be applied should
correspond to about three fourths of
an ounce of ammouiate nitrogen per
rquare yard of surface; that is, to
each yard of bench, use about five
ounces of nitrate of soda, three ounces
of acid phosphate and two ounces of
sulphate of potash. A mixture of these
proportions may be dissolved in water
and applied in small proportions every
few days, taking care, however, to
cease applications with those plants it
Is desired to fully mature as scon as
the desired growth ia made.
Good Pasture Requirement.
Timo was when the hogs were sup
posed to Viave had excellent care when
they had all tho grain and slop they
wanted in an 8x10 pen. Nowadays a
good pasture of clover, alfalfa or rape
Is considered an Indispensable ad
junct in the hog raising business by
all farmers who are interested In eco
nomical pork production.
FOR THE AFTERNOON TEA
New Sandwich Idea That Carries With
It a Distinct Sense of the
America Iiaa 'he best oy.:ers hiiJ
snlaila of any country In the world.
Mrs. l.ily llaworth Wallace, the Kng
lit.li cooking cxp-rt. told the women at
a pure f o show cooking lesson at
"The b.st way to cook an oyster,"
said Mrs. Waiaee, "is not to cook it
at. all. There U an English saying,
'The more you do to an oyster the
more it will do to you." That means
that the more you cook it the less
nourishment you get."
Hut she gave them recipes to cook
the best oyster in the world, tho
American oyster, if they were not
content to eat it raw. The American,
salitd is the best in the world, Mrs.
Wallace says, because America has
the greatest variety of fruits, vege
tables, and other products of the gar
den and field. She gavo the women
a recipe for a n?w sandwich that a
number of them naid they were going
to try immediately for afternoon tea.
Two ounces of almonds are salted
and ground for the egg aud almond
Fa mi loli an1 passed through the
meat chopper. Two finely minced hard
boiled eggs, Mended witit two table
spoonfuls of butter, are added, anil the
whole is seasoned and spread between
thin slices of bread.
DOES AWAY WITH DRUDGERY
Dish-Drying Racks, Home Made, will
Lighten Labor Always Consid
fn the removal, washing, and replac
ing of dishes (hero is room for much
improvement. This duty Is usually
disliked, but under proper manage
ment It should not be distasteful. First,
there is the use of the service truck.
This la a small table of two or three
shelves, mounted on rather large
wheels, used to transport dishes be
tween tho table and the serving pan
try. Thpre are several dish-washing
machines, but for the average house
hold they are not required. However,
every household can use, and should
adept, drying racks. - These may be
easily made. If made of metal and
glass., with shelves of round wooden
rods, lamps placed near the bottom
will give sufficient heat to dry dishes
quite rapidly. The drying rack should
be placed near the washer, so that as
the dishes are washed they may be
placed within. The washing and dry
nit: nrooes may be accurately timed,.
ud a ?!ifr Si- liard determined.
To give an alabaster effect to plas
ter casts dip them in a strong solution
of alum water.
To remove hot water marks from
japanned trays use sweet oil. Rub it
in well till all the marks disappear,
then polish the tray with flour aud a
When packing plaited skirts for a
journey, baste the plaits down, lay
them straight, and they will not need
pressing when you arrive.
A good place to pack necessary bot
tles of liquids is to place them Iu an
old shoe. They are less likely to be
broken, and if they are the shoe"will
absorb nearly all of the contents and
clothing will not be seriously in
jured. A delicious and cheap dessert is
made by pouring the Juice of grape
fruit over sliced bacanas. They should
be well chilled, and served In tall
glasses with powdered sugar. One
large grapefruit will servo eight peo
ple. Of course no cream nor lemon
juice is needed with this.
Beat tlie yolks of six eggs until
light, season to taste with pepper and
salt, adil one cup of milk and one cup
of powdered crackers and fold In the
BtifTty beaten whites. Melt one table
spoon of butter In a large omelet pan.
pour In the mixture, cook on the top
of the stove until brown on the bot
tom, then finish the cooking in the
oven or under tho flame in the broiler
of the gas stove. When firm to tho
touch, turn out on a hot dish and serve
Delicious Pan Stew.
Use for cold beefsteak: Take pieces
of cold beefsteak and cut them up
small. Tut In bottom of pan, dredge
with flour, pepper and salt and one on
ion . Slice cold potatoes on the input,
then add a few tomatoes cut up or
half a can of tomittoes. Cover with
water and cook half hour, and you will
have a delicious pan stew.
Two cups white sugnr. juice of one
lemon, one quart of boiling water, four
tablespoons of cornstarch, wet with
cold water, one tablespoon butter.
I cok until thick. When cold pour over
four or five oranges and the sugar,
set on ice and serve cold.
Clear soup stock by mixing when
rold with whites of two eggs beaten
und two eggshells. Let come slowly
to a boil, then skim. Add one tea
spoonful of gelatine to ten cups of
bouillon. Pack In Ice and serve.
, Apple Dessert.
Terl and core the apples, halve
them, take one-halt slices of bread
spread thickly with butter, sprinkled
with sugar. Lay one-half npplo on
bread, core down, sprinkle more sugar
aud little cinnamon. Iiake.
pram-- r-. . I""5
FALL FRESH COWS ARE BEST
If Euil Is Confined and Service Con
trolled, Aniinalj May Be Managed
to Salt Owner's Wish.
(By W. II. UNDERWOOD.)
It is a well l.nowu fact that by far
0 greater ntimbr of dairy cows are
allowed to follow tho mist natural
course, and ritlirr by Indifference or
iiiter'i:)ii, they freshen in the spring.
1 Tit; producer of milk for salo, if he
has r.n even trade, may want o havo
an rvon number of fresh cows in
every men h of the year.
i t'..e Imil is kept confined and serv
ire controlled, this can be regulated
as a rul", r.lthnngh unpleasant irrrgu
lar!i.: ;j in i reeiling will sometimes oc
cur ri '1 f.Hbbo.'iily resist correction.
P.r.r. if tio rrlme object 13 to pro
duce tlio greatest quantity of milk of
tho bvut quality and the greatest profit
with any c'.ven number of cows with
IT IV. -
Trizc Holsteln Cow.
In R y'Nir, evidence Is overwhelming
thai. the. cows should bo manared so
ns to caive during the autumu monthr..
For Ilka reasons, September is the
best month In most parts of the coun
ry, for u heifer to drop her first calf
In order to best develop as a cow.
Thla aliuor.t regardless of th animal
at tho Pis; caiving.
Calves Lorn In the fall are mado
easily reared and make better cows
than theoe bortt in tha spring and
cummer. It seems needles to rehearBo
the nioc argument on the subject,
based on long experience of successful
dairymen, but a brief recapitulation
may be useful.
The cow or heifer catv'n? tn the Tall
needs the pjf ' JtieAiy! nutritions
pasturftfio Juai foilo.rtr.r' luo strain
while coming into full flow. Just at
this time, when some falling off is
likely to occur, tho animal ia brought
to the stable and receives good care;
tho winter feeding and the returns
front it may ba depended upon to ex
ceed the midsummer results for any
At the stage of milking and gesta
tion, -pben another dropp g off of the
milk yield may be looked -r, tho fresh
pastures induce a fresh ctrtv, lengthen
the f.ilklug season and Increase the
year's total product.
IVccn ber and January are good
mo;;tii3 iu which to control and super
vise tbo service of a bull. Midsummer
p.r.d the deg days are a good time
for the cow to bo dry and preparing to
With fall fresh cows, tho greatest
pnd richest product comes at the sea
son wheu milk and butter are always
comparatively high in price.
In actual practice four fall-fresh
cows have been found equal to five
which calved Iu the spring in 12
piontt's' product and at about four
fifths the cost.
MAKE THE SKIMMER SECURE
Scheme for Fastening Cream Separa
tor to Cement Floor Tried and
Found Very Satisfactory.
Here is a sehemo for fastening a
cream separator down on a cement
floor which we have tried and found
very satisfactory. Iiefore putting in
the cement floor, a three fourths inch
bolt was threaded to the middle, then
put through a hole in a small piece of
scrap iron, writes Dan Holt of La
Crosse, Kan., in the rtmor's Mail and
lireeze. The bolt and iron were firm-
I ly imbedded in the fresh cement, leav
j lug the threaded end Btlckins out. The
base of the separator was then flrmly
bolted to two pieces of two by four,
Fastening Cream Separator.
md the machine set directly over the
Ml in the floor. Then bi old disk
tio;n a disk hat row as slipped over
lh! holt no tho edge extended out over
the two by four ou each side. A nut
aa screwed down tightly over tho
Jisk. Ia case tho cement floor has al
ready been laid, chisel out a hole
ibout sl"C incites square, making it
Caring at tlio bottom. Then set In your
o;!t and Ml the hoU with a mixture
3 equal parts cement and sand.
Sta.iiliiic; water should sever bo al
lowed to ivm::!a whi'ro fcueep au-J cat
tle tan ii!jt five fcccons. to it, as it al
ways has some Kind of rflseapo breed
ing purposes. And if they haro the
proper a"-''r.' !:;, to r.v.ch rcquircX
nine times o'.'t . f '-'a they rill prove
JSSCK TO WORK ASMD YOUR
WIFE !S WEAK A&D AILING
THERE'S HOPS AND HELP
FOR YOU BOTH EH
Thoy build up the run-down; they strengthen the weak; they
invigorate tired and worn-out people. 1 hey're unequalled for
dyspepsia and indigestion, constipation and malaria, bilious
ness and jaundice. They're a blessing to women who suffer
from backache, headache, fainting or dizzy spells and a boon
to all sufferers from kidney troubles. TRY THEM.
PRICE 50c AND SI.00 PER BOTTLE
LSI SOLD AND GUARANTEED
DR. J. Vi. BARLOW,
CrowiiAinl li i dtre Work thme at rrtouable
U :n up t.tr, in the Jours HuilUiiij.
DR. T. J. SLAT0N,
lH';liti unil hHrxcott."
tM'f tf. 0At,
HOWARD & GRAY,
Oilicc ii Grrri EaiUuj. f psiilr LaMcrie Httcl.
ORsThELTSLEY & HELTSLE1
Office at Home. EmX Mjiuscross StrccU
Telephone No 7H.
Louisville - and - Chicago
UK-ST LINK TO
California und the
Two trains daily
Frcii.h Lick sod West Eadcn Springs.
Dining and Parlor Cars.
Palace Drawing Room Sleepers.
F. 11. BACON. D. P. A..
X. W. t or. 4tli and Markt-t Ms.
I.OI ISVII.I.K. KY.
oven r.-i vrAnr:'
A tinndwnicl- tllnstDf.! V't. I.rwrt rtr-c-:ln!ln
lit ai'T n h-m:iI ' Kurtiul. Tmi. l !J
j;- r: tons mo'tiUa,!. lJa,'i nftwl"iiir,
WMi & C9.3e,3fMtf New York
ii Ti 1-. i vr.v rerioua rnuttet tr eck
j f.r cii2 nsfuicit-c r.r.d have thj ?!
gj wionj cr.o c'Jcr yo:. Tcr Uiw S
U reason v-2 vrgs you i: tuyir. to
It L'C catciul to pet the g"iiuir.e ii
Tfce ropatatsca cf t'.::3 fU, rdia
bls msdici::c, f. r con- t:tioa. ij
dijesuon or.J liver troubi.-, ia fin 1
ly estayished. It lo:a n:.t imitate
cthr medi;'vi;s. It ii better tban
ctuers, cr it wouu n.H oo tf r. u
vorito livtr powder, v.'iih a larg-.r
exo i&aa ud cUi-rs ccmuinea,
SCiD DI TO'.VN F2
' 4 CopvmcHra Ac.
A nrr no rri!-i;r skclrh m-.i iT-lrr; m
0i. i ) iri.mi cur t..fihiii fi.o vhct!w-r r.i
ri.". .i'li.'i ! rliftt'lv fMii-tit: !! . i MPHtH . t -tiMtfVttric-i
!T .liU'iftill il. HWllLOOX O I'liieUvJ
ai-"t irvi. iMt't B..t"i T i r " .ir-.tji put1".
! i-lit 3 takt'ii i!irfii-n Miiiin CO. S---:7e
u . mnt rithiiutrirPiL tutbrt
8F YOU ARE TOO
ly Jarvis S William.
Wc announce to our trade and the pur
lie tliat our stocks of goods in all depart
ments arc larger and better selected than
ever in our history. We carry -i varied
line of :-: :-:
and can supply most of the wants of the
people. In Dry Goods, Clothing, Shoes,
Hats, Etc., we offer large selections.-''
In Groceries, Hardware, Tinware, Farm
Implements and such goods our 'stocks
are especially strong. :-:
In all departments prices will be found
the lowest, and your visits will be highly
appreciated. :-: :-:
We have just added an
business, and will carry a comprehensive line of Coffins, Cas-
q kcts, Robes, Suits, Wrappers
rj in service, cn can anywnere.
and careful attention any hour
icitpiiuuei. jum, nu.
SHANNON, MERCER & CO.
f& " i caffered, dwrins girlhood, frorn womanly vcaJicss,"
M writes Mrs. Mollis Navy, of Walnut N. C "At last, I was
almost tvd-ridd-n, ":nd had io fjive up. We had three
yji doctors. All the tin:?, I was "ettinr; worse. I had bad
II. i 1. - A j . J s "I 1 - fto -J T I. - f i
f-i spttib, i!ui miita iru:n i vj uays. in one ween, aucr i
fJ gave Caidul a tr'1, I could cat, sleep, and joke, as well as
p; anybody. I"i 8 weeks, 1 was well. I had been an invalid
jj for 5 wesr yocr3 1 Cardui relieved me, when everything
If yon are weak and ailirr, tliink w'lat ii wcjtrt nean,
!" yoi, ft iccovcras quickly us Airs. Navy d?L Tor more
thai years, tlii purely vegetable, tonic remedy, for women,
has been ;ised by thousands cf weak zinI ailing sufferers.
They found ?t cf real valiie
pains. v ny tinier longer e
l?i and helped so mmy, ! ready,
use, at c;;ce, by you. Try it,
IvW? I): 1 3d i V A !vinm Dtrt..
for Sped Jl irwri.itfcs, s:m l-ok. " ilc.se Tnjtnicsi io Wusu." ami tec J 37
H MSl & (0.
Undertaking Department to ocr
and Dresses. Also have a Hearse a?
uruers in wis une given prompt
day or night.
i mpu no. u u no. x
in relieving their'aches and i
A remedy tnat has relieved
at the nearest drug store, for
Chilian iri MI:i-;.i? C-.. ChittuonEX TeHii