Newspaper Page Text
Muhlenberg County y
is rich in coal. iron, timber, potter's clav.U
g Costs NotHing.
tit pays for itself. The investment is
SftC antl thf mncr Invltinor fii-Trl in Tvn.3
gsurc of returns. Get our rates. g
Ctucky for investment of capital and pluck.
GREENVILLE. KY.. THURSDAY, JANUARY 30, 1913.
VOL. XIV. NO. 52.
50c. PER YEAR. IN ADVANCE
. - -
' - - . I
HALF THE MONEY SPENT It4
.UBLIC ROADS IS THROWN
'GOOD roads; universal cry
Everybody Want Something Dent,
tat Nearly Every Community Is
Groping in the Dark Tirre to Fce
About and Try for Better Recultt.
By HOWARD H. GROSS.
No one who Is familiar with the wiy 1
roa work but bwn bantllfd for the
latt twenty, year will dispute that
half of the time and money rH'n1ed
upon our public nmils by tin hit and .
iv.tsa methods employed haa born ,
aRted. Most observer will cay the
waste la een crrater. The country
ever, the outlay approximates $90,000,
CMt. We have (tone on from fenera
tion to generation pursuing this ab
surd plan, or rather lark of plan. It
la a most unbusinesslike and repre
hensible proetedinf. No business en
terprise could last a year with such a
fearful waste. A calculation made
with great cere by one of the bet-t au
thorities In the state, contends the di
rect vaste on Illinois roads by doing
, y , .4-.; "
Cedar Grove School House, Near Knoxville, Tenn.
lit wrocg thine, pr If perchance Jo
ta the litoh thing, then doingHt at
the Wfrt'g lime, causes loss of $10,
000 per day!
In no department of administration
nave we more signally failed than In
dealing with the question or the fctgU
ways. It la time to face about and
make an effort to get better, results,
la It any wonder people aire sore
when It comes to paying road taxes?
They have been at it for generations
and with here and there an exception,
tho roads are no better than they were
to begin with.
The question row Is what specific
things shall be done in order to get
tietter results. The first step In the
-writer's opinion Is to wipe out the
labor aysteni of "working out" the tax
r the annual plccio or taJkfeet. that
fisually takes place In the early fall
when everybody turns out to "lm
.roy" the road. There Is no definite
plan; the practice Is to plow acd
scrape, and f.'.l the center cf the roa'd
with aod, weeds, brush and earth,
risking what before was a passable
road one that is impassable. The late
ness of the featon prevents a proper
settlement before the heavy fall rains
and tbe winter rets In. Th weeds,
sod and brufh are' sure to make trou
ble for a sr or more. Many a time
the writer has observed a bunch of
men and trr.-vs do a hundred dollars'
worth of drasgn to work put a fifty-
Ccuntry School House on Bad
It wrxild l i liar I to And a araater contraM than the two pictures In this i-t'i,Ii-Bticw.
They i.ir on'y a tVtv nt!l apart. In una there It an air of aliifiluuv art,,
vM'.v In tlip r.Uirr llirm Is rv!d, t,i- of thrift. pruKr.-as ami r lln tin lit. Can any CPs
atuubl wbkt. la tha tietter school or which community gets tho most out of ltfu.
dollar read tcx. The stories told, the ,
stunts of wrertHng, jumping and other ;
ethletlc diversions, make it a holiday ,
enjoyed by every one. j
There Is l::t one thing to do: Col- t
lect all the read taxes In cash and pay 1
to have the work done under the best j
supervision rbtainable. .
This workir-g out the road tax dates
back before tho war, when there was
very little money In circulation, and It '
was next to impossible for the people'
. to pay the tax in any other way. It
Is different now. The labor system
has outlived Its usefulness and should '
i (load building, even If 4 dirt road,.
requires ronsideral le erslticoilnir cs. .
perlejioe the farmer flora tint it rii Is
r.ot expected to have, it is ro n Hef
tl n ti on him to s:y he s net e. t,i:r-
ceshful road Imilder any more ;linn i
it would be to question bi.s al.ili:y In
carpentry. To have the best cupetvl-i-lon
the tovni-blp or road district Is
too small a unit. The mlUuRe is loo
limited to make it practical to have an
experienced road biiiltltr in durtf.
Hence the present thought I that the
county rhould be the road district, or
perhaps there might be two diMiicts
In la i Re counties'. The road Kuprs
visor should be a capable, expei len
engineer employed by the year, or ,ho
aeaton. lA't him set the nerecs-nry
tools, men and teams and do the work
v.hm it ought to be done. When trad
ing Is neroesary, the cariler in tho
spring It Ih dene the better. The s:ir
lace o-ight r.ot to be disturbed after
the first of July.
The first and most lmortant step
is j'ORd drainage. No drain, no road.
It is exceedingly important to hnv
one In charge who knows his business.
As read drainage will be treated at
length in another article, the writer
will not elaborate upon it at this time.
The drains can be laid at any Fcaon
when the frost Is out of the ground.
Oiilve: U can be built, the roads drag
ged, weeds cut, etc. This will give
work from early spring until fall.
With the county as a unit, plan a
five-year campaign of grading and
draining, beginning with tho main
roads and extending the work In the
order of ; ' hm .- ;.. county of
tin to fift-i' i. . nVgood en-
glneer wii ivr- . .- gatga ol
men with machinery, each having a
good foreman. In three or four years
will make such a showing, that people
will wonder they ever toierated the
old hit and miss methods.
If tho method suggested was adopt
ed and followed. It would at least ilou
ble the results for the taxes now paid
liy having regular employment, both
the men and horses would become
proficient and do more In a day than
the 'greenhorn' would do in two days
and tbe work will be far better done
The above outline Is for the treat
ment of earth roads. When the Unit
comes, and come It will, when the
main roads will have to have a hard,
smooth wearing rurface of stone
grarel or brick, all of the work pre
viously done as above set forth, wl:l
he valuable as a preparation for the
The Inauguration of such a plcn will
appeal lo the people; they will see
they are getting tomethlng for the
money paid. Their attitude will
change from one of hostility to friend
ly co-operation, and this Is of much
Importance. The writer once eaw ar,
enterprising farmer who. had a road
drag. He took it out in a rain storm
and drrgged a mile of road, golfs
twice over It until It was In his Ina
Road, Near Conklln, Tenn.
guage as smooth as a ribbon. No
tconer had he turned In under cover
than he saw a neighbor with two
teams coming down over the road, un
doing all he bad done. The comment
made would not Jook well In print
If the party In question had any ap
preciation of the fitness of thing-t, he
would have driven along the side ol
the road, and left the dragged surface
ao it would shed water and dry.
smooth, A five-dollar fine with costs
would have been a good lesson.
The sentiment Is everywhere for
better highways. "Good Roads" is the
universal cry everybody wants some-'
thing done, but nearly every comuiu-
nity seems to bo groping in tho dart,
rot knowing juat bovr to accomplish
tho derircd end. In many loenliiletl
we find that meetingj are held, a mill-tu-riiitioit
Is started. nn vnluntrcrs
beat up nnd down the street, asking
everyone to subscribe either money or
labor. A bank will give fion, a mer
chant another $i0t, the man next
dcor. who ought to do the same thing,
will give $10. A public entertainment
is gotten up, and after a campaign of,
a number of weeks, perhaps $2,ooo U
raised for Improving a piece of road.
In order to save expense come local
party wUl undertake the work, lb;
does not know much about road build
ing, and the result Is a belch job. The
money Is spent and a half-mile of
road is made, and while it i poorly
constructed. It Is r.o much better than
the previous coixiiHuns. thnt it is hail
ed with delight. No effort along there
lines ran amount to much, beyond the
creatine; of an Increased desire for
better roads. Kxperlence shows be
yond any question that the way to do
is to build as large a mileage as pes
tible at the same time, and have It
done under the supervision of a enp
nble road engineer. If ton or twiivo
n-lles are built instead of one the cost
of construction will be much less; It
will f.'.y to have Improved machinery
and the best facilities. Then the pay
ment cf the road should not be intid
by parsing tii hat. where some
will do thiir duty and others will not,
but on the rcntrary th amount rhoul 1
be covered by issuing lorg time bonds
nnd spreading the burden over all the
property of the townrhlp. If fortun
ately the state is operating under the
Mute aW plan, whereby a portion of
the expense is contributed from the
tae treasury, it simplifies the matter
very much and lightens the burden.
The writer made a calculation cov
ering the state of liiinnfc, slid that cal
culation was verified by the late Dr.
Krank 11. Hall of Aurora, c;no of the
test mathematicians in the country,
and he foenrt It correct. If showed
that first-class hard road could be
built over a'l the ni.:ln highways In
the state cf Illlncl.s, tinder the state
aid pl.-.n. the r.tate paying one-half the
expense from a general tax levy, and
the balance locally by the to'vnship,
nnd the combined expense spread
ver a period of ten years, would not
exceed ten cents per acre per year
on farm lands. What la true of Illi
r.oirt will be found to wcrk out very
cse!y along these lino3 In nearly all
states of the central West. x
The amount of money wacted upon
the hfghways of any state between
Fittsbtirg and I -no i--" r-nm Miu--Kegofo
to Fl - .d... v...,.,-. .... , than
pay the Inter -r e ; h- '.ct.c, neces
sary to build and maintain flrst-clurs
permanent roads. Wc tuifcut state it
in another way; Thnt the economies
that can he accomplished and the
benefits that will accrue from improv
ing t'ae highways, will take off. from
the bui'deu of the people, many times
trore than the taxes to build tbe roads
v.T.l Impose. Why not convert this
tvatite Into a permcBcnt arcct? Why
net have better comlil.'cns wtfn we
can do eo so easily!
WHY BATTLESHIP WAS SENT
Because of Misinterpreted Cipher
fciessage the Maine Went to
Prcl-nhly very few know that the
Maine hnd been hurried to Havana be
.iu;;o of a uiisiuteipreted cipher mes
sage. Mr. John R. Culdwcll, who had
btcn iu. charge of tho Havana bureau,
and whom I relieved, told me that'
ceveral days prior to my crrival he
lad made requisition upon tbe ollU-o
for a revolver. There had coxe stren
nous timts in the Cuban capital, riots
bad btcn frequent, the lives of for
ipjjcrs, particularly those cf Ameri
cans, had been more than once placed
In jtoparuy, ami the time hud eonio
v. hen correspondents felt the need of
firearms to protect their lives. The
revolver sent to Mr. Culdwcll was
rmugglcd to him by a passenger on
the steamship Olivette, to whom tho
weapon had been entrusted by an
ttgrnt of the paper in Tampa. By some
intislght no cartridges had been sent
with it, and it being impossible to se
cure any in Havana, the correspond
2iit cabled to New York. "Camera re
ceived, lut no plates; send by next
Through Mme strange error on the
part of the one who received if, the
cryptogram was construed to be a
::!pher and was translated to read that
m attempt bad becu made on the life
af Gen. Titzhugh Lee, American con
sul general in Havana. This mloin
foiniation went to Washitirjtou and
reached there after the Havtna cablo
had closed. Early the next day Mr.
Caldwell received from the Herald tho
olloving cryptogram: "Send story
end pictures ordered on food-supplies;
wo want it for main sheet." Py apply
ing the cipher key, the first sentence
was readily translated to read: "A
t'liitfd States warship has been or
dered to Havana." Tbe second evl
tVr.tly coiivryed some hint which was
lujoi d the limitation of the code, but
the word "main" give tho clue. Meet
i"S General Lee at breakfast that
morn Ins, Mr. Caldwell quietly in
formed Mm that tbe Maine was on
l.er way to Havana. The genoral was
i-nTccu lous. No warship, ha assured
the correspondent, would be sent to
Havana unless he requested it. Wal
ter Scott Meriwether, In Harper's
A Wish Gratified.
. "Jiggs used to tell mo that the
drenui of his life was to iire some
day iu a big house on a hill."
'Toor fellow! And now he Is In
the state penitentiary,'
"True, but that is a big l.ouso sad
it heppens to bo on a bill." .
FAVOR INDIAN RUNNER DUCKS
Hardest of Ail Domestic Fowls and
Do Equally as Wei, Confined as "
on Free Range.
Indian Runner ducks are the
bardlet t of all domestic fowls. As
they !o equally well in confinement
or on free range, they may be profit
ably kept by persons In town or cltyl
as well os by farmers. They uo not
require pond or running water just
water lo drink in, soaicthir.g deep
enough so the wholn head can be Ira
merted. fcnys the Interstate Poultry
loan. They may be kept more cheap
ly on free rani;e, as they will find
many things of little or no value, such
r.s bug.i, worms, grasshoppers, grass,
etc. Thes thoy convert Into large
while eggs, which If not Bold for
Latching will command several cents
above the market price of hen eggs
and r,t Kaster will bring twice as
ninth. Tl.ey i'o not differ In flavor
from hen rgs, but are superior for
r!l kinds of cooking. As a table fowl
1':e Indian Runner duck Is excellent.
The turn! Is tender, juicy and fine
grained. Thus far the demand for
breeding stock nnd eggs for hatching
Ins been so great that tho duck has
ivt been raised to a great extent es
market rtock: but wherever It has
hecor. e known as a table fowl it Is
As egg producers the Indian Run
ner females are too valuable to Belt
on tho market until from three to nine
yc::r.- chl. A flock from a good-laying
strain will average frcin 210 i
20 c?g3 per layer per year, If piop
er!y managed. I find by actual test
t'.'at the feed that will keep 0 Ply
mouth Rock hen In good shape will
l;ce;t a Runner duck plump, eo I think
it safe to say that they can be kept
as cheaply as any of the large breeds
of h nn In winter and cheaper In sum
mer if on free range, as they will for
ego farther Into the fields. W like
them much better than hens, as they
!o not destroy crops, neither are they
bo much of a nuisance around the
buildings aa hens. Tbe ducklings of
this breed can bo raised to a market
able size cheaper '.id more quickly
than those of rv , her breed. Aj
the ducks nev tet. the dtiejisna
must be hatched .or ruLTTtSti "or
bens. Hens give the bt:t ttjults, oft
en hatching every egg iven them.
The eggs ore very fertile -mi may, if
deiired, bo hitched any mou.h In the
year. Ducklings batched in June or
July often lay all winter, while, if
batched In. March, they will lay in
time to hatch ducklings from them by
t!io 1st cf October.
PLAN FOR A HEN HATCHERY
Doer Plaesd In Front of Each Nest,
Hinged With Leather and Held
by Wooden Cleats.
Here la my' plan fur a successful
hen hatchery: I take 16-foot lumbet
rnd ni-.l.e stalls for 12 hens which
ti pkcs the nest boxes a little over It
- t0-- ---- --
A Hen Hatchery.
!::ches v.ids, writes J. A. Crandall of
Norwich, Kan., in tho Farmers' Mail
nnd Itrerze. Slats and thin lumber
may bs urcd for the 11 partitions.
Flror I ho nest department. Chicken
wire is used to cover the top of runs
exrtpt for the doors A, each of which
Is 28 inches long, enough to cover two
runs. The doors B are the same
length. There Is also a door 8 by 10
inches in the front of each nest box
red nil doors are hinged with leather
nnd hc!d with e'eats. The roof board
Is rot 1 lngrd or nailed but held In
place with cleats and may be lifted.
Itap-t makes a good crop for late
Poultry is extremely profitable If
Poultry, fruit aud bees form a com
bination hard to beat.
Fovia have no sense of smell. Tbcy
have norirlls, but not noses.
A cement floor in tho laying pen
and roosting closet Is advisable.
Dnn't let lice "got away" with your
chicks, while you wonder what ails
Keep tho males separated from the.
f-rrwlng pul'ets. Both will develop
Puckllngs generally begin molting
wben eleven weeks old and. continue
for about six weeks.
Don't forget that wet and leaky
coop3 fo not tend to produce healthy
chickens, but early death.
It Is a good plan to let all tbe
breediug stock out of the yards to en
joy Irea tatigo during tbe summer.
Don't try to breed from poor stock.
It takes too long aud good stock is
cheap enough for you to start right.
Free range for the flock greatly sim
plifies the feeding problem, because
the fowls can balance their ration, tq
a large extent, with the food they pick
As filth files before tho broom, so do disease
. impure matter
They can't stand against this matchless broom of tho blood. Out they go, along
with the troubles they cause, such as pimples, boils, sores, eczema, salt
rheum, malaria, rheumatism and kidney disorders. It makes a clean sweep.
It euro quickly end cures to stay. It gives elorloua health end vtger to the
weak, sickly and run-down.
. PRICE 50c AND $I.OO PER BOTTLE
Df. J. W. BARLOW,
Cruwaaud Bridga Work tlana al rcaavaaol
1m op nlra. In the Juuea Btalldiag.
DR. T. J. SLAT0N,
. Phyalclnn and Mtar-sjeeta.
Office Maia-croaa Uml sear Maluaireei. Ik
WAOl . it AY.
HOWARD & GRAY,
!ftct Is Sites liktlif. ffMHcltStast Istd.
Office at Home, East Main-crow Street.
T.lephon. No. 7H.
Louisville - and - Chicago
BEST LINE TO
California and the
Two traius ilail v
French Lick and West DaJca Springs.
Dinintf and Parlor Cars.
Palace Draw ing Room Sleepers.
E. H. BACON. D. P. A..
X. W. Cor. 4th and Market Ms.
WUj,, over ci yr.i
7 - - w , n
rfilS . Co;vriiCMTa Ac.
An-tno n.tinic attlcHrh t'ciwrlntlon mff
nMt.-.lf r..'ftnm oif c-i'iMi.in ircv li-llir-r .:t
iti'-tili'Ml la l'rltlt,lr .,lt?it ;ll.-. ftmtpil.'iM-'-iH.M.irl'ullr
-..iiM,imi:iL H VlUCOnK " I'nti UiJ
at-;t ir-t. tM-tri im,Mi-y f,-riH,-urii:ir patent
l'n!iitts tkt-t tlin,u.'h Munti & ev. vcix.7c
tpcrUll mt.tlL wit I104U Ctj.irca. in Ul9
A hwrttKitrflr ninnt.iitM i-M-titT. I '-twrt r!r
tulAit -H " J :tiul. rlrn. f:i a
T-irr t,nr imtUa,4L buldby&ll newsd-.lr.
Urua.tt o.ltcu. t'i r bU V?ost;ir.,tan, 1a. C
I' : a vcrv ser!ou3 mttcr to ask
fcr cr.e medkina f.nd 1.-.V3 the J ,
v.-ror;3 enc c"vc!1 T0'- ' cr Ul3 i t
reason r.'3 cro you ia buyia-j to
be careful to get tho genuine si !
an m DpiiM 63?
The reputaii-n cf t'.iii oU, rclia
M: csadiciae, fcr ccntipstion, in
driest ion and liver troubls, is firm
ly tstabubsd. It does not imit.ita
ether medicines. It is better than
others, cr it would not bo the fa
voriic liver jowder, tvith a larger
ec tnnn an otners conotnea.
SOLD XM TOWN T2
and foul humors in the blood fly before
ZD COLD AN 9 GUARANTEED BY HZ
Sold by Jorvls & Williams.
We announce to our trade and the pub
Ik that our stocks of goods in all dari
ments are larger and better selected than
ever in oar history. We carry a varied
fine of . . x :-:
" pcrniTtf. DrrotyJsrCSL"tiK.:o!i-3v
Hats, tic, we offer large selections.
In Groceries. Hardware. Tinware, Fann
Implements and such gasds our stocks
arc csiecia'ly strong. :-:
In all departments prices h:1I be found
the lowest, and your visits v.i!l be highly
appreciated. . :-: :-:
We have j'ust added an
business, ar.d will carry a comprehensive line of Colnns, Cas- yfa
fj ktts, Robes, Suits, Wrappers and Dresses. Also Invc a Heaisj y
fj in service, on call anywhere. Ord:rs in this line given prcirrpl iii
ft and careful attention any hour
$ Telep&oaes: Store, fio. I.
SHANNON, MERCER & CO.
"w 5 s. gj-.
Stubborn . Case
"I was under I'm trenimet.t cf two decier?." wriics
Airs. R. L r.;:ii!!p.-, c? InJ:a:i
nounccd iny cz:i a v:ry stubborn cr.e, of v;o:.u:::y weak-
iic.j. 1 ntji tiu.'j in sh
I i s.'d it about c::o wee!:,
Now, t":3 scvew pii:i, t!:ct hz
; a 1 a
T-A rr i-r -
n r.'r'v rv h n pj
I ILS ftA
if you rre osc of those ciltn
0! t.c tro'.ib'os so ccrriniou to
Cardr.1 is a b".'.i':?cr of
cf purely vce'ib'? i-v'rsc!;oi!!?, it r.is c;t:c:.'y c l t!
womn'v ','. r.i, b-.ti'di; r-n
tne wor.ir.Tiiy nerve?, zr,-i re;Tt:ia:;ni: ir.o v omarjy fyrtesn.
Cardui lias been i i success:!:! i:se fcr more l!ian 50 years.
Thousands cf ladies have wri-'cn lo tc!l of the bncfil they
received from il. Try it for jour troubles. BegLi today.. Mi
V.'rf I -rfrs' A !T rr f?t..
germs, effete and
1 ' i' i
Undertaking Department to our
day or rjjjht.
fslUo. R cr I-o.. 1
. 5. if-
Vai'ey. Va., a::d they pro-
up, wi::n 1 curzrnenceu ia E
before I rr.v ir-.c'i charge fS
- : b.cn in r.;y s'.lc fcr ycrjs,
i . 1 . , m
ra l i
h S : Vi
women who cuf!cr from any
womanly f-irent'i. Composed
v.-cn.i-'y- r-frer:-':, toninj i; ii
..... . x.'
Cr'3v M ry? . Ouf i-o-ci Term. f.