Newspaper Page Text
is rich in coal, iron, timber, potter's clay,
It pays for itself. The investment is
(etc., and the most inviting field in Kenn
Sure of returns. Get our rates.
. tucky for investment of capital and pluck.
VOL XVI. NO. Hi.
GREENVILLE KY., THURS1
DECEMHLU 2-1. 19 14.
50c. PER YEAR, IN ADVANCE
. . ... V J
i r .
GOOD ROADS PROVE BENEFIT
Improved Highway Increat Attend
net t Rural Schools Statas Ma
king Greatest Progress.
' U tile It la true that various factors
contribute to Increase or decrease the
attendance at schools In given sections
of the country. It Is worthy of com
ment that in tho states having a hisli
percentage of Unproved roatU a much
Larger percentage of the students en
rolled regularly atteid the schools
than In the ttates having a small per
centage of Improved roads. In five
-eastern aad -eaterfe states, which
have a large mileage of Improved
roads, the average attendance of en
rolled pupils In 1903-9 was SO per cent,
while ia four southern states ai-d one
xorth western state, which are noted
for bad reads,' the average attendance
for the same year was 54 per cent
(0 per cent in the good roads states
as against C4 per cent iu the bad
roads states. Ia the states first named
5 per cent of the roads have been
A Good Road In New England.
Improved, while la the latter group of
states there are only IM per cent of
' the roads improved.
That Improved roads would benefit
our country school system there would
teem to be no doubt Improved roads
make It possible to consolidate or cen
tralize the schools and to establish
graded schccli in the rural districts.
Such schools centrally located will ac
commodate all of the children within a
radius of from four to Ave miles. In
- many communities having the advan
tage of Improved roads commodious
buildings Jjcve been provided, more
competeat teachers have been em
ploye! and modern facilities for teach
ing have beta supplied at a minimum
. c. L for Instance, since the Improve
i( the main highways In Durham
county. North Carolina, the number of
school bouses has been reduced from
65 to 42. of which 17 are graded and
have two or more rooms and employ
two or more teachers.
There are at the present time about
two thoamnd consolidated rural
schools in the United States. It ap
pears that Massachusetts. Ohio and
Indiana have made the greatest prog
ress aloog these Hues, aad it is rather
significant to note that in these states
about one-third of the roads have been
improved. According to statistics of
. the agricultural department there, was
expended in 1S99. $22,116 la Massachu
setts for the conveyance of pupils to
consolidated schools, but' la 1908 the
expenditure for this purpose amounted
to 1232,213. In Indiana the expendi
ture for this purpose In 1904 amounted
to t&t.OOO, vfclle in 1308, 290,000 was
nuJed. This expenditure for trans
foration reflects, in a general way,
tit" extent and progress of this new
educational movement It must not ba
understood that this is an additional
burden, as ll:e expenditure thus made
la saved to other directions.
BENEFIT OF IMPROVED ROAD
Among Many Other Things It Attracts
; Investor Looking for Advan-
v ta;eous Locations. ,
A V'Og stretch of Improved road is
cue cf the hst advertisements a state
uu. rave. It attracts a class of tour-
lsu -uo arc able and willing to pay
for entertainment. It brings investors
who are loo'ing for advantageous lo
cations. It includes agricultural Inves
tigation and consequent Immigration
and Investment, not only along the line
of the roal. but In other accessible
sections. - It changes, by the sheer
force of publicity, backward localities
Into progressive cnes; enhances val
ues, and brings into general notice re
sources whlcn had only been known
locally: or, if known, not appreciated.
The advantages which such stretches
. of main roads cause to accrue are ad
vantages wl:ich affect the entire state,
as well as the localities themselves.
It should, therefore, be assumed as a
principle that such main roads should
be built, in whole or In part, by the
state; that their management and
maintenance, should be In the hands
of the state minorities.
PLANTING OF STRAWBERRIES
Maryland Man Sets Plants Eighteen
to Twenty Inches Apart and Culti
vates in One Direction.
In a talk on strawberries by J. W.
Kerr, of Maryland, before the Statu
Horticultural association, the matted
row plan of planting was given the
preferi ncc by the speaker. The plants
are set 18 to 23 iuchea apart and are
cultivated iu one direction. The rows
are well mulched with straw. Two
years of cropping one bed are deemed
sufficient The speaker said be re
gards strawberries as more remunera
tive than any other fruit Even or
dinary management will brink good
results. The crop is fastidious as to
soil requirements, and the grower
must learn what varieties do best on
his laud. For Instance, one grower
who has 20 to 30 acres annually In
the Uandy variety has a moist, rich
coil, which is w hat it requires, lie Is
very successful with this . variety.
There are other late ripening kinds
that are profitable. "The question of
varieties is so local and - circum
scribed,' said the speaker, "that it can
be solved by the expert individual
only." One variety may prove a rank
failure, where with another person It
may prove very profitable. -
PLAN OF IDEAL GRAPE ARBOR
Up-to-Date Method of Construction of
Vine Trellis, Together With
Following is an Ideal and up-to-date
method of constructing; a grape arbor
or vine trellis:
The four posts are of 4x4 material
and 7 feet all, writes Vernon Harteock.
Plates and braces of the same materia)
are joined together, as illustrated.
The plates are of sufficient length to
accommodate the width of woven-wlre
fencing designed for the top.
The fence ia drawn and kept taul
by means of the four anchor wires and
The wire must !. securely anchored
la the grourj b-unns of a stone
jinder. arnnn rr set in the cc-
. .. Grape Arbor or Vine Trellis.
mept and should be of woven wire
cable to withstand the strain.
The bars and stays pf the fencing
used should be of equal distance apart
and of sufficient strength poultry net
ting will not do.
I p to SO feet In length 4x4 material
Is heavy enough for the Supports and
over 50 feet Cx6 shoulj be utd.
If Intended to be used as a vine trel
lis, a low fence can also be fastened
vertically upon each side, thus com
pletely shading the walk.
PLAN TO PRUNE BUSH FRUITS
Remove All Wood From Currant and
Gooecberry Bushes That la More
Than Four Years Old.
In response to an inquiry regarding
the pruning of currants and goose
berries, the division of horticulture ol
the Oregon Agricultural college re
"Uoth currants end gooseberries pro
duce their fruit on wood, two, three,
four or five years old. The new snc
f ear-old wood seldom bears much
fruit Wood more than four years old
usually grows rather weak aud bears
only a small amount of rather Inferior
"It Is generally considered advisable
to remove all wood from both currant
and gooseberry bushes that Is more
than four years old. Then thin out the
new canes that came up from the
ground or near the ground last season
to three or four of the strongest ones
and head these back to about two feet
"It this plan is followed season after
season, your gooseberry and currant
bushes will consist each year of three
or four one-year-old shoots, three or
four two-year-old. and also of four-year-old
Renovating the Old Orchard.
To change neglected orchards from
a state of wortblessness aud disgrace
to that of a revenue producer and a
pleasing plantation, we should begin
by giving the trees as good soli condi
tions as possible. If necessary, drain
between every row of trees. If the
ground Is very hard It may be neces
sary to subsoil a space, say en feet
wide, between each row of trees. Go
over the orchard and note the varie
ties of which the trunks are souud,
and which will make good stock on
which to graft At the proper time In
April have these grafted.
"y ' " - ! iiniL -
FW NON-PRODUCTIVE HENS
Several Found Among Competitors at
National Egg Content That Never
Laid an Egg.
One of the surprises of the national
ass contest at Mountain Grove, Mo.,
was that several hens among the
competitors were found that never
laid an egg. They seemed healthy and
ate as heartily aa other hem
In the pen, but never laid a sisgle
How to account for thla la a mat
ter that putzlea the experts. We
don't know that they could find cut,
says the Kansas Farmer, even by
killing the hens and examining them.
They can only say they were non-productive.
The finding of these noa
producing hens could only be found
out by the use of trap neata, where a
daily record was kept of all the hens
that laid or didn't lay any eggs.
It la undoubtedly true that there are
a great many non-productive nns in
the flocks of this country, and it would
be a fine thing if they could te found
out, so as to be eliminated from the
flocks. The use of the trap nests for
thla purpose, on the ordinary farm, ia
out of the question, for the farmer
would not have the time to attend to
them evea if he did have the nests.
Still, he can do a great deal towards
the elimination of the non-producers
by observation. He can get rid of all
the hens that are over three years
old, for after that age they do not
lay many eggs. The superfluous roost
ers that are generally on every farm
are, of course, in the non-productive
class, and should be disposed of at
METHOD FOR HOLDING WORK
rVhere Heavy Timbers Are to Ba
awed Plan Shown In Illustration
Will Ba Satisfactory.
3y WILLIAM GEOTZINOER, la tht
good way to hold large, heavy
irork that Is to be sawed is shown
la the sietch. The wotk is passed
through Che triangular opening In a
woodv-n frame, nearly In the form of
the letter A. When the frame an
work He at an outage angle they con
stitute a three-legged stool. The up
per edges of the boardbecome wedged
fast in the sides of fire triangle, and
'he lower side of the board rcsta upon
a, cross piece, which can he placed at
Device for holding Timbers.
various heights, according to the size,
of work that la to be held. In sawing,
the man rests bis knee on the work,
near the top of the frame, and the
board Is changed end for end, when
sawn through half its length.
PROPER CARE FOR PASTURES
Mistake to Think That Close Cropped
Blades Will Produce the Most
Feed During Summer.
4 man needs and wants all the In
come he can get safely from land. It
must be that some of us really be
lieve that more can be gotten from a
field by close pasturing than by let
ting the grass have a chance to get
and keep ahead of the stock. If It
were not believed certainly there
would not be so much close pastur
ing. The man who is hardest up 'and
needs the most income, too often Is
the one that overstocks his grass. It
Is a big mistake to think that an acre
of grass plants will produce the most
feed during the summer by keeping
the blades cropped close to the
ground. It simply cannot, but will
produce less than it should snd would
if there were good leaf surface to en
able the plants to do their work of
growing. Plenty of lep.f surface is
necessary to rapid growth. The waj
to get the most possible pafcturage
from a field during tho season Is to
let the grass get a fair start In the
spring and then let It keep ahead of
the stock. And then there Is another
year coming, as we believe, and the
field too closely pastured this year
cannot 'produce a full crop of grass
next year. These things being true,
they should be believed.
Feeding Green Corn.
feeding green fodder corn to cows
tn the pasture leads to no end of rest
lessness. They seem to Imagine that
.-very man, horse, or team crossing
the fields is bringing them corn. They
are constantly chasing every vehicle
that comes In sight, expecting to get
a feed of corn. While It Is some mora
trouble to feed In the stsble, it seems
I to be the only satisfactory way of feed
I ing torn to cows while they are on
Chicken Relish Sour Milk,
Sour milk is more relished by fowls
than sweet milk; sweet skim milk Is
best for mixing mashes. The birds
will drink more milk If given either
uniformly sour or uniformly sweet
than when given sweet one day and
sour the next When the milk is
separated after souring, use the whey
to wet the mash.
Twentv-two nersons -were killed
elthln a week In New Tork and vicin
ity by eating toadstools. . Grocers are
lautloned to use the greatest care (ft
iuylng muasrooioa and tna proauoara
REMEDY FOR WOOLLY APHIS
Finely Powdered Tobasco or Wast
Stems Will Prove Effective In
Eradication of lasecta.
iBy F. II. HlLLiiAN.)
Some effective remedies for the
woolly aphis are as follows:-
For the apple root , form, which
causes knots or swellings on the small
er roots remove the earth, three or
four Inches of soil, about the crown
for a distance of two to (our feet from
the tree aud sprinkle la four to sis
pounds of finely powdered tobacco.
Waste tobacco stems, hlch can be
purchased very cheaply! san be used
In plr.co of powdered toxacco.
Natural enemies do (ar more than
U generally supposed toward reducing
the number of aphld3,'but In a dry
season, especially, nature must be as
sisted If these insects a. e to be kept
reduced to nondestructive numbers.
Kerosene emutslon Is ' an efficient
Woolly Aphie A, Root 4f Young Tree
Shewing Ceformatienf B, Section of
' Root With Aphida Clustered Over
It; C, Root Louse. '" '
i- . t
remedy. Add one par of a boiled
mixture of ono-half pot f.l of common
soap and a gallon of wter, two parts
of. kerosene, dilute wlVi cold water
to form 15 to 0-part A double hand
ful of refuse Jbac beUed i a
lon of water aad dilute 1 to form i
or eight galL -ii . u w valuable as J eu-
Curoolfo suhp o.ssoTlri! " '- -T
lutrd tliat a decided pdo
o-Jo' "till remains, is and. ' Jj
Preventive nicuhurcs may be fol
lowed by th.Tri'gUly washing In
strong coapsuds the roots of young
trees on transplantation la case the
presence of the aphid Is suspected.
Oftentimes it may prove best to de
stroy a badly infected tree, and re
placed If at all, by some treo other
than an apple.
KEEP A DAILY TALLY SHEET
Written Record Often Proves Valuable
in Recalling Some Little Trans- -action
on the Farm.
On our farm placa there was hung
In a convenient passageway a large
slate for the purpose of hastily Jotting
down any notable happening occurring
during the day.
Each evening the accounts were per
manently tabulated and kept for any
later day references which might oc
cur, assisting In making a decided
In this simple way a great deal of
the tax aud responsibility of endeavor
ins to recollect this or that happening
on the farm was removed and the to
morrow begun afresh every day in
reality a new beginning with the pre
ceding day's hard work forgotten.
cleaned off the slate and the minds of
proprietor and helpers.
One has no Idea how often such a
Slate will prove tho many instances
and transactions taking place in a year
en a farm of only ten acres, though at
the time they seem of trifling account
but later are worth recalling for some
purpose to some one who wishes data.
This kiud of a written record re
freshes and proves Interesting to loo's.
ever at any time; It tells of a certain
amount of labor that has been passed
over, of blunders, succesces. failures
that have been entirely forgotten.
It also gives a history of tho help
employed, vhlch Is of importance i
recommending them to others.
In the various Industries of etock,
raiting, poultry work, fruit growing,
dairying, hay and gralu raising, in
erecting buildings, the whole story
may be given off the "slate tally" day
by day by those most Interested on tho
farm. F. R.
8uccesa In Hog Breeding.
One of the most successful hog
breeders in Illinois says that he never
breeds from sows under 12 months
r.nd never keeps his breeding stock
fat. This man thinks that much trou
ble with very young pigs is caused by
feeding them too early and that they
should not be fed until they have
crown big enough to exhaust their
mother's milk entirely.
Soybeans and Cowpeas.
The power of the soybeans and
cowpeas to gather nitrogen from the
air, the large amount of organic mat
ter they are capable of producing an.t
their beneficial effect upon the tilth
X heavy eotls are qualities which
commend them in the highest degree,
to Fay nothing u! thrir raluo ti fee
THIS PEERLESS T6NI0 and STRENGTH GIV&l
STOMACH, LIVER AMD KJOYJEYS
!! HftB? E THE MMOWM J IT PDRiFIFS THE KCCD
IT CUBES IMDiSESTiOH IT STRE-ViuTKE"? TEE CE.TZS :
IT IS THE BEST FAMILY tV!ED!Orn ON EARTH
TRY IT. PRICE 60c AHD I.CO BOTTLE
S3 SOLD AND GUAKANTCtD BY w
Jarvis X Williams.
DR. T. J. SLAT0N.
hyalclan and Hurgcen.
Offloe Maia-crou atrcet scar atainstrect.
HOWARD & GRAY,
lllce Is Crtea lilMlaf. pptiWtli.use ItteL
DBS. KELW& HELTSLEY
Offices! Home. East Main-cross Street.
Telephone Mo. 7S.
Lcaisville - and " Chicago
1SEST UXB TO
California and the
Two trains daily
French Lick and West Baden Springs.
Dinin? and Parlor Cars.
Palace Drawing Room Sleepers.
E. H. BACON. D. P. A..
N. V. Cor. 4th and Market Sts.
We Ask You
to tako Ccrdul, for ycjr tcma!o
trouble;, becaui-j va trs suro it
8 viU he': vj. Rimcrr-bcr that
o.v.cn, so v.vy nc? ts
1 ye:? l-'cvi.:
i fct!cd:cl r?-5ns fesuh
v&zz, r-.zr.y hvo '. L;
1 best fcViJIciw U Try !
1 tcid I
A Alii? t,i
Y ' ii - 3
It is a very crrioua inaucr to r:!; p
for ens medietas tn.1 have jj
WTonij c;ia giveo yuv Fcr t:s
reason wa tr;? yoj In buU-T ? "
to be careful to gel the gcnuiric
wcacnw oca a
- liver Medicine
9 Th rrnnfit-on cf tzls c! J. ra'J.v. S
diTestlon or.d liver tr.-.utls, Jjf.nr.. R;
3iy established. It does nt rrcilnta f3
cihet snadkinei ll 13 boU'.? t!ivs
m c'.heni, or it vrou' rot bo t'.u Ci.- W
4 vorire liver wvd-x
ecl3 r:-; xyvm n
BROUGHT US HEALTH
unrivaled remedy far all trouble oi
' 333 333333333232 a
. f "
mm MERCER & (0.
We announce to our trade and the pub
lie that cur stocks of goods in all depart
ments are larger and better selected than "
ever in cur history. Vc carry a varied
line cf :-: :-:
and can supply most of the want f ft'e-
lluli, tvC, we offer large selections.
In Groceries. Hardware. Tinware, Farm
Implements and such goods our stocks
are especially strong. :-:
In all departments prices will be found
the lowest, ar.d ycur visits will be highly
appreciated. :-: :-:
() Wc have just added an Undertaking Department to bur
ft) business, and will carry a comprehensive Lr.e cf Coffins, .Cas- to.
Rets, Robes, Suits, Wrappers and Dresses. Also have a Hearse to
M ia v-a uii vail tutj luitit,.
q and careful attcnti: n any hour
lelsptes: Stcre, Ko. L
SHANNON, MERCER S CO
"I want to tell you what wonderful benefit I have re
ceived from the use of Thedford's Biack-DraugbV" writes
Airs. Sylvania Woods, of Cifton Mills, Ky.
"It certainly has no equal for la grippe, bad colds,
liver and slon-aca troubles. I firmly believe Black-Draught-saved
my little girl's life. When she had the measles,
they vcnt In on her, but one good dose of Thedford's-Black-Draught
made them break cut, and she has had no
more trouble. I shall never be without
l SXti B a
a j i i i
ill my heme." For constipation, Indigestion, headache, dizzi
ness, mohiia, cliilh and fever, biliousness, and all similar
allrucr.Is, JlicdiCrd's Black-Draught has proved itself a safe, q
If yen culfer from any cf
Draught. Ii iz .1 medicine
years vf splendid success
young s-id eld. Tor sale everywhere. Price 23 cents.
f ' 6 "Fi & ft -T-t
ch Rods Can't
I -v V
viu'.i a lit la Jw irwu llWiUyl
day cr night.
fi (ia. R ct' Ki'J
these complaints, try Black- )
cf known merit Seventy-five
proves its value. Good for
tu.1 I 1
Sag Never Tarnish
Call a il S;c Tli-a at ROARICS.