Newspaper Page Text
W. C. ROBINSON & CO.
Th* I.omlinit; .1 <>-.v?tri-9,
BIG STONE CAP. VA.
W.C. ROBINSON & CO,
BIG STONE GAP, VA., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 5,1890.
THAT LA?!) BILL.
The Row It Caused In the House
Almost Resulting In a Fist
Fight on the Floor.
Disgraceful i.uiikiihxo und fnaultlnjc Kpl.
thcla L'sed by Person* Supposed
to !>?? Gentlemen.
(X. Y. SOU"* rel.nrl.)
Tlu- com pound lard bill, so-called, is
quite similar in its provisions lo the law
placing an internal revenue tax <m oleo?
margarine, and its advocates arc influ?
enced bv quite similar motives of doing
something to tickle the cockles of the
honest farmer's heart. The bill seeks to
make manufacturers of lard change their
present brands to compound hud. sind
places on the business burdensome regu?
lations and internal revenue taxation,
which,the manufacturers of pure lard say,
will drive them from the tit-Id. The bil] is
aimed more particularly at lard-compound
which contains cotton-seed oil, which has
grown rapidly in public estimation of late
wars, and has threatened to force packers
of lard cut of the market. The present
bill, called the Conger bill, because its
author is Representative Conger, of Iowa,
is the latest development of the Dawcs
bill, which began its career in congress
three tears ago, when introduced by Sen?
at"! Dawcs, ?'l Massachusetts. The origi
nators of the Mil were John I'. Squire &
Co., of Boston, ti>e largest pork packers
and lard makers in the East.
A strong lobby has been maintained
here during these three years in control
of Mr. Kimball, Squire's brother-in-law,
and numberless hearings, both public and
private, have been held by the agricultural
committees of both the senate and the
house. Several reports have als.? been
made for and against the bill, but it has
never before been btouglit t" n vote in
The obje< ts of the proposed legislation,
as stated bj Representative Brdsius, who
is in charge of the bill in the house and
who reported it from the committee on
agriculture, ate. in addition to obtaining
revenue : First, to compel the branding of
mixtures composed of ingredients other
than lard, but made in the scmblaucc of
and sold a* bird, so that consumers may be
advised "! the nature of the article they
purchase; second, to relieve the manufac?
turers of pure lard <d' the unfair competi?
tion of an imitation article made of cheaper
ingredients and sold al a lower price;
third, tu relieve, lo some extent, the ex?
isting depression in the farming industry I
caused in part by the displacement of a
large and increasing amount of the pure
fat of the hog by a spurious substitute
put on the market under name and brand
of the genuine article.
Representative Wilson. <?! Kentucky, a
member of the agricultural committee,
who 1.ad lite temerity to make an elabo?
rate minority report upon the bill, pre?
sents a very aide argument against it
Kit0)1 m.m HAY'S I'ltOCEKDINGS.
"I make i" pretensions to greatness as
a legislator," began Mr. Cannon, "but my j
young friend from New Jersey is a great
legislator. Tn my experience with him in
this house I have noticed one thing about
him. He abounds in wind, nnd under
pressure it goes out."
Instant!? the house was in wild con?
fusion. There Was u storm of laughter on
the republican side, Staid old statesmen
shook their sides and dapped each other
on the shoulders in glee. On the demo?
cratic side a half-dozen members were on
their feet, endeavoring lo secure recogni?
tion from th" chair. Among them was
Mr. Enlow, .ii Tennessee. Amid the
laughter of the republicans, und while Mr.
Enlow was clamoring lot recognition, Mr;
Ca ruth, of Kentucky, shouted that tin
ladies in the galleries should be invited to
retire. Olhei members made the same
suggestion. Mr. McAdoo's voice rose
above tin din, saying to Cannon: uIf you
can afford to lei that go the record as
h .specimen your .-table jockey wit. I can
allbrd to leave ii there. 1 cannot indulge
iu blackguardism with you. You ought
to argue with a -table jockey. That is
By this time seme of the republicans
had perceived that Mr. Cannon's remark
t??s not as funny as they had at first
thought it. .uid several of them suggested
to Cannon thai he withdraw it. "If the
gentleman is annoyed by what I have
said.' Cannon exclaimed, "I will with?
draw the remark."
A semblance id' ordc r b< ? 11lt restored, the
speaker recognized Mr. Eulow, who de?
manded thai Mr. Cannon's words be taken
down under the rules. Speaker Heed hesi?
tated. He tried t?i convince Eulow that
lie had not made his point in time under
the nil.-- Other business had intervened.
"Um I was on my feel asking the recog?
nition "t the chair. 1 omitted no effort to
olit;iin thai recognition."
Speaker Heed was in a quandary. If
the. rule wa> applied, no one was more
conscious than he that the result would
be unpleasant for the offending members.
The offensive words would be entered
upon the journal, and handed down to
posterity. But Mr. Reed was equal to the
emergency. He ruled thai Mr. Enlow
had n d taken his point of order in time
undei Hie rule-, knowing that an appeal
from tin- deeission of the chair would be
But more trouble and more disgrace for
the lion-.. ,ii representative was in store.
While th, ;?11 was being called on sus?
taining the decission of the Chair, Mr.
Mason walked down the aisle and took a
seat near Mr. Cannon. Mi. Mason had
noticed hi- wile in the gallery, and lie
was indignant that Mr. Cannon should
have used such language in her presence
nnd in the presence of other holies.
"Cannon." h. exclaimed, "that was not
tit language to use in tin- house with
ladies sitting iu the gallery, if membecs
ot your faniih instead of mine had been
in the gallery you would not have said
w ha! you did."
"You are a damned liar," responded
"And you," Mason retorted, "'arc not
only a liar hut a dirty tramp, and loafer
or you would not have used such lan?
guage iu public."
Several members stepped between Ma?
son and Cannon and thus averted what
might ha\ e beeu a serious personal alterca?
But another quarrel was brewing.
Within the sound of the voices of Mason
and Cannon sal three men in a row. They
were Wilson of Washington; Lehlbacb,
of New Jersey, and Beckwith, also of New
Jersey, and al] republicans. Lchlbach
began u conversation about the merits of
tue controversy which they had just over?
heard between the statesmen from Illi?
nois. W ilson remarked that in his judg?
ment Cannon was M Bright; whereupon
Beckwith s lid hir name had been included
in the "black list" contained in Cannon's
preamable, and he thought it a dirty
piece of business.
"You ought to be happy to get your
name in the Record once in a while," said
Wilson. "This is the first time I huv
scon it printed for some weeks."
"I have been here as much as you
have," retorted Beckwith.
"Von are a liar," said Wilson.
"And you are a lying -,"
'? exclaimed Beckwith.
I In a twinkling both Beckwith and Wil?
son were on their feet. The latter has a
i reputation as a fighter, and he justified it
by getting in the first blow. Reaching
over Mr. L?hlbach, he planted a light one
on the breast of his antagonist, and Mr.
Beckwith endeavored to counter, but was
prevented hv the interposition of L?hl?
A hundred members sprang to their feet
land the house was in an uproar. Gov.
Gear, of Iowa, was sitting directly behind
Beckwith writing letters, and he seized
J the New Jersey member and held him.
j while L?hlbach did as much for Wilson.
I Then Mr. Williams, of Ohio, a large man
j with a smooth face, rushed up and caught
I Beckwith by the shoulder and yanked him
j nearly oft" his foot by endeavoring to
I thrust the belligerent into hin sent.
' At this unexpected assault from behind,
j Beckwith, not knowing but that a new
enemy had entered the ring, turned on
Williams and would have hit him in the
face but for the efforts of (Jen. Ocar to
prevent him. Williams explained that his
only desire was to avert the trouble on the
lloor, and that he would have seized the
[other man if he could have reached him.
ROBBED AN I,. & X. TRAIN.
Highwaymen Hold up the Train mid Kob
the Kxprcs* Messenger,
Mobile, Ala., Sept. :i.?(Special.)?The
Louisville & Nashville Cannon Ball train,
north-bound, was hold up near Pcnsucola
?Iunction, forty miles above Mobile, by
Robbers, who entered the express ear and
compelled the messenger to turn over the
contents of his safe. It is not known at
this time (he extent of the robbery. After
having secured the valuables the robbers
escaped to the woods.
The first news of (he robbery received
in Mobile by the railway officials was very
meagre. The train was held up about
half a mile above Plantation Junction and
the people there knew very little of what j
occurred, for the train was delayed seven
minutes only and there was not much I
chance of learning what had occurred.
Later.?A party has loft Flomaton, and
another posse lias loft Mobile in pursuit of
1 the robbers. Sumo surprise is expressed
here that the robbers selected this partic?
ular train, as it is well known that the
other trains carry the most of the express
money, No. ?, the robbed train, carrying
very little at anytime and a small amount
on this occasion. It is said Rube Burrows
was recently seen in Florida, and there is
a possibility that lie ordered the assem?
bling of his gang at Flomaton and joined
thorn there to superintend the proper con?
duct of uffi its. but this robbery looks
more like the work of the celebrated Cap?
Carolin examination by express officials '
shows that only a portion of the packages
in 'he express safe in the car which was
robbed on the Loui>-\ille& Kashvillc this j
morning w:>s taken and the loss is not !
FARMERS' NATIONAL CONGRESS.
The Ruaolutlonn Adopted?To Meet Some,
where In Missouri Next Year.
At the third and last day's session of
the Farmers' National Congress at Coun?
cil Bluffs, Iowa, on Thursday a vote was
? aken to select the State in which the
next meeting should be hold. Of all the
States but three were named. The result
of the vote was: Colorado. 4*: Illinois,
7 I; Missouri, 138. It was decided to allow
the Missouri delegation to select its own
city, the promise being that it would not
be St. Louis or Kansas City. The date
was fixed as the second Tuesday after the
first Monday in November,1891.
The result of the Fanners' Congress
embodies itself in Hie work of the com?
mittee on resolutions. This committee
has hold long BCSSiotiS, and the discus
sions were earnest, calm and dignified.
From the first vote it was evident (hat the 1
committee was divided on the strict linos
of the two systems of political economy
now being discussed at all the political
meetings in this country. One part be?
lieved in the republican party. The other
declared that depression was grvat, and
that the remedies were a greater volume
of the circulating medium and a groat re?
form in the tariff*.
A great many resolutions were aeted
upon, some of them of a very radical
character, but the following are the only
ones which received the approval of the
"Resolved, That we demand of Con?
gress most liberal appropriations for the
improvement by all practical means of
our interior waterways which shall make
them instead of sources of destruction
to large sections of our country, useful
as groat national highways for commerce
and trade. Wo demand the unlimited
coinage of silver, the abolition of the
national banking laws, the refusal of our
national government to extend the char?
ters of national banks now in existence,
and the issuance of lull legul tender
treasury notes, in lieu of national bank
notes, in sufficient volume to meet the
business demands of the country and the
constantly increasing demand of trade.
"Resolved, That we are in favor of a
constitutional amendment making United
States Senators elective by the people.
We believe that the farmer is paying more
than his just proportion of taxes; there
lore we favor a graduated income tax law,
to the end that the incomes of the
wealthy may bear their share of govern?
"Resolved, That this Congress secure
the amendment of the patent laws so that
the exclusive use of an invention be lim?
ited to ten years.
"Resolved, That at the Columbian ex?
position to be held at Chicago in 1893, the
agricultural and horticultural interests
should be most prominently and grandly
represented and to that,end it is recom?
mended that the various state legislatures
make liberal appropriations for the credit?
able exhibition of the agricultural and
horticultural resources and possibilities
of their respective states."
The delegates go on an excursion to
Denver und vicinity to-day.
A Hint to Our Republicans.
WjUUuxoTox, I). c\, Sept. :t.?Congressman Bailey
Uroe no. i>f Virginia, who was yesterduy reuotninated
tit Kredericksburg, not allow hi* convention to
endorse the Force hi'l, as he Is opposed to the iit?
famous measure, ami would not vote tor It when it
passed the House, though he did not vote against it.
ii" simply dodged. There baa been much comment
here that bis convention declined la endorse the bill,
and that it lew Ignorant negroes got together alter
(lie convenUon was over and howled for the election
law. It would heeui thul only negroes are really ram
punt tor the law in the South.
Miiuii.EssoKocuu, Ky., Sept. 3.?Deputy Sheriff Lea
Turner captured yesterday Will Jones, a* member of
the notorious gang which is hiding lu the mountain
fastness near the bead of Ketmclt's Fork of Yellow
creek, Jones wus arrested on the chnrge of highway
robbery. From what tan be learned lie held up a
young man t>y the name of Turner, and, with a pistol
presented at the tatter's head, made him give up
everything be had in hi* possession. Jenes is now In
the city Juli, und will be taken to Ilneville to-day.
A Hung Jury.
The trial of Mac Uobbius fur the murder of the
negro Mose Wade, took place at Wise court-house last
week and resulted In a hung jut?.
News About all Our Enterprises
and How They are Pro?
The Situation Brightening Every Day and
Substantial Progress Made.
Every day's developments becomc'more
j and more encouraging to tliosc interested
I in the growth of Big Stone Gap. Mr.
jTaggart, the manager of the Virginia
j Coal & Iron Company, drew last week his
first charge of coke from the oven that
j had recently been finished, and he is de?
lighted with its quality. It has a steel?
like look and a metallic ring, is firm and
possesses superior cellular properties.
The S. A. & 0. switch will soon reach the
company's openings and the work of con?
structing ovens will be pushed as rapidly
as possible. Mr. Taggart chafes under
the delays which arc enforced by a lack of
transportation, and scents eager to com?
mence operations on a large scale. His
company have invested very heavily, and
to realize a fair interest on the amount,
they must curry on very extensive opera?
tions. "The cost of production," says
Mr. Taggart, ??diminishes in proportion
to the extension of the works, and the
greater the product the greater the profit."
A representative of the Post met Capt.
J. J. Wolfe, of Clay & Wolfe, lumber
dealers, who own an immense body of
timber throughout this section. Captain
Wolfe has had long experience in the
business and is thoroughly familiar with
When asked what he thought of the
estimate made by the POST last week; that
the removal of the timber from the Vir?
ginia Coal & Iron Company's lands alone
would put in circulation $15,000,000 iu ten
years, or $1,500.000 per niinum, he said at
first blush he thought the estimate ex?
cessive; but as the company propose to
dispose of all the timber that can be
utilized, including second grade lumber
as well as the first grade, the calculation
was a fair one. "All grades of timber are
advancing in the market," he said, "and
especially poplar, and the company have
an immense quantity of first-class poplar.
That on the northern slopes of the moun?
tains," he added, "is particularly fine."
TIIK I'LAXIXi; MILL.
When asked about his planing mill
plant, he said nearly all the machinery
had been received and put up, and opera?
tions would commence in a few days.
" We already have a number of orders,"
he added, "and the part ii s are waiting on
THE DttlCK rXAXT.
Mr. Parsons arrived from Louisville
Wednesday, and has been hard at work
with Mr. Gephardt, getting the brick plant
in order. Extensive sheds are being built
to protect the brick ?Vom bad weather.
Operations will commence Monday, and
the plant will be worked to its utmost
capacity. The clay is of superior quality;
and as the parties have had long experi?
ence in the business, the brick will be
Machinery for the furnace has been
coming in. The. switch to the furnace
grounds is completed. Three large boilers,
sixty-two feet in length and forty-four
inches in diameter, arrived one day this
week. It was feared the two cars on
which the" were placed, could not be
brought around the curves of the road,
but they arrived without accident. The
boilers were the most difficult purl of the
plant to be transported.
Captain Cordon, chief engineer of the
tunnel survey, has made a careful exami?
nation of black mountain, going with
Captain Walkeron foot, with considerable
difficulty, over the route and perspiring
freely. He says the tunnel can be cut
much easier and cheaper than he sup?
posed, and the one through Black moun?
tain will be just twenty feet more than a
mile. He estimates that the cost will not
reach anything like the amount supposed,
nnd the grade will be only sixty-six feet
to the mile. The tunnel through Pine
mountain will be even shorter, and con?
sequently cheaper, though he has not yet
made a thorough examination of that part
of the route.
TUE ELECTRIC L101IT
has been in operation for some days, and
gives entire satisfaction. The lights have
even exceeded expectation, and are being
generally introduced in private houses as
well as the hotels and stores.
'iny. ni'Mxir link
is being pushed, the track having been
laid to the corner, near Duff's hotel. As
soon as it is completed to the lntermont,
a grand excursion will be made up the
are projected. Negotiations are pending
for the construction of a $25.000 union
depot. Mr. H. F. Smith and a party of
investors will be here next week, and
arrangements will doubtless be completed
for the construction of the building at
The immediate construction of sidewalks
has been decided on by the council, and as
soon as the contracts are let, that work
will begin, so before the winter months
we shall have a general system of side?
walks completed, and a dummy line ex?
tending through the city, which will
deliver both passengers and freight along
the entire route.
What Big Stone Gap needs is money.
To gvt this some one should be kept in
the East, where the money center is?
some one who can upproach and get the
ear of capitalists. Every town in the
South is advertising, each claiming the
earth, or at least superior advantages over
every other town. It is impossible for
capitalists to discriminate between the
merits of different localities by reading
their prospectuses. They must be per?
sonally approached, and ii Mr. James W.
Fox, who has many friends in the
East, and who can secure an acquaintance
with any one he may wish to approach
under the most favorable auspices, will
consent to spend several mouths there,
those interested iu Big Stone Gup
should certainly be willing to pay his ex?
penses. The amount thus appropriated
could not possibly be used to better
THE BONl? EXCHANGE.
So far as heard from, the bondholders
are agreeing to the exchange of their
bonds for stock, so us to enable the Big
Stone Gap Improvement Company to carry
on its negotiations with the English. Two
parties from the East, with seventy-five or
one hundred bonds apiece, a corporation
the second largest holder of these secu?
rities, another party, the largest individual
holder, all assent, and the matter seems
to be a go. If so, the $1,000,000 of
English money should soon be here ready
to aid us.
BOOM IN NORFOLK.
Largo Transactions in Real Estate,
Involving; Millions of Dollars.
Norfolk, Va., Sept. 4.?Since the first
I of the year recorded sales of real estate
in Norfolk and vicinity have aggregated
over $4,000,000 and unrecorded probably
$2,000,000 more, and along with this activ?
ity in real estate is the permanent and
substantial development going on around
this port, and which will one day create
a wonderful prosperity in this section of
Tidewater Virginia. The five railroads
having their termini here have brought
about this progressive condition of things
by Wringing capitalists here and getting
them interested in the country. The pres?
ent year will witness the completion of a
number of new industries, and it is esti?
mated that there will be at least 1,000
dwellings and stores erected in this vicin?
ity this year, together with costly improve?
ments of companies and corporations.
Nearly 1,500 hales of new cotton have
been received at this port so far, against
one or two hales as compared with last
year. The season is opening two weeks
earlier than usual, and the staple will be
rushing to market next week.
The flagship Richmond will be placed
in* the dry dock at the Navy Yard to?
morrow, and a board of survey, consisting
of one line officer and the master workmen
of the yard, will go over her and estimate
the cost of repairs necessary for her next
cruise. The Richmond was repaired at
this yard a little over two years ago.
Norfolk's net receipts of cotton for the
season of 1880-0. which ended to-day, was
404,051) bales, the reduced receipts being
on account of the crop failure in North
Carolina last vear. Norfolk is expected
to handle from"000,000 to 700,000 bales the
A Preference for Black.
Norfolk, Sept. 3.?In noticeable con?
trast with the Democratic administration
is the crowding of the navy-yard with the
negroes to the exclusion of white men,
even of many white. Republicans, who ap?
ply in vain "for leave to toil" but are
shoved aside for influential blacks, the
colored brothers who have "a pull" in the
church or among the societies, and are
considered competent to he!]) Mr. Bowden
in regaining his seat in Congress. Later
on it is thought they will be so thick as
not to be able to keep out of each other's
way. Nearly all the accidents that hap?
pen now are among the colored laborers.
When the Democrats had charge the
only negroes in the yard were the messen?
gers and servants of the ollicers, and
white Republicans were always called in
in preference to the colored Republicans,
for hereabouts the Democrats believe that
this government is "a white man's govern?
ment." The force at work in the yard is
being gradually increased daily, and n
number of m< chanies and laborers went
in this morning. Of course these men
are employed mainly on the new ships.
Quite a thousand men in the different de?
partments are now on the rolls of the
S KVT LED AT LAST.
The Mississippi Constitutional Convention
Settles the Sud'rajro Question.
(Jackson Sj>- rial.)
Jackson, Miss., Sept. V>.?The com?
mit ice on the elective franchise practi?
cally completed its labors to-day. The
plan of the suffrage agreed upon embraces
the modification of the Australian-ballot
system known us tin." Dorch law. a resi?
dence of two years in the state, of one in
the voting precint. the prepayment of a
poll-tax of $'2. and qualified woman suf?
frage based upon (he possession by her,
or husband if married, of real property to
the value of $'200.
The property ((unification has been
abandoned, and an educational qualifica?
tion is provided for limited to the ability
of the voter to understand the constitu?
tion when read to him.
The convention met at 3:30 p. in., and
under the call of the counties a number
of resolutions were read and referred.
The committee on convict's asylum sub?
mitted its report, which was made a
special order for next Tuesday. It pro?
vides that on and al'ter January 1, Ifeii"-,
the practice of leasing or hiring convicts
in the state shall cease forever. It also
provides for the abandon men t of the
present state penitentiary ami the estab?
lishment of a prison farm in its stead.
A reformatory school, constant separation
of the sexes ami the keeping of juvenile
offenders from association with hardened
criminals are also provided for.
Later,?To avoid division over the re?
port of the committee, the convention
agreed to dispose of otner parts of the
report before taking up that relating to
An Important Industry.
Augusta, Ga., Sept. 2.?A company has
been formed hero to work the fibre of the
cotton stalk into a wrap for cotton bales.
The capital stock of the company will at
the beginning be $500,000, but the charter
gives the privilege of increasing this to
$"?,000,000.* The process will necessitate
decorticating machines near the fields
where there is a supply of clear running
water. Here the stalk is quickly changed
into batting, and can then be baled and
shipped to the factories, where it will bo
spun and woven, after which it is ready
to be rolled and sent to the market. Until
beyond question it is settled that cotton
stalk bagging is in every way acceptable
and desirable us a covering for the fleecy
staple the operation will be confined to
Augusta. Rut it is claimed by those in the
secret that but one season will be re?
quired to demonstrate this fact. A num?
ber of these decorticating machines will
be scattered about in the counties in
Georgia and South Carolina convenient
to the Augusta factory; The cotton stalk
yield of a field, it is calculated, is sufficient
to cover a three-years yield of cotton on
the same area. Alluding to the Organiza?
tion of the company, the Augusta Chroni?
cle says: "It will be a grand day for the
South when the cotton stalk can be decor?
ticated and made up into a flexible and
The Kentucky Union Deal.
Louisville, Kv., Sept. 4.?For some time
past thcro has been a generally accepted
report that the East Tennessee, Virginia
& Georgia Railroad Company was after
the Keutucky Union railroad, and it is
now stated that the deal has been con?
summated, and that it will be announced
in a few days. President F. D. Carley,
who practically owns the Kentucky Union,
is in New York, and nothing definite cun
be learned of the report here.
Mr. Leon T. Rosengarten, secretary of
the road, stated yesterday that if any
such transfer had been made he was in
ignorance of it. It would be effected, he
said, in New York. He did not know any?
thing of offers made for the new property,
but said that the work was being pushed
ahead all along the road, improving it in
every possible way.
Southwestern Virginia Fair.
The executive committee of the Southwest Virginia
Fair Association has decided upon October 1st, 2a and
3d fur holding the fair at Wyiheville. The premium
lists are now in the bands of the printer and will soon
be distributed. The programme promises to be an
especially attractive QBt.
Political Factions to Fight to the Death,
all of which Treateus the Supremacy
of the Democratic Party.
WHAT HAMPTON SAYS.
Columbia. Sept. ;t.?The political situa?
tion to-day in South Carolina is not with?
out danger to the continuance of demo?
cratic supremacy. Two factions divide at
present the regular democracy, and. with
an overwhelming ldaek vote constantly
menacing the control of the whites, di?
vision means defeat and retrogression.
The movement led by Capt. B. R. Tillman,
of Edgcficld county, has grown to such
proportions that it now virtually controls
the machinery of the party, and it ap?
parently has the majority of the white
voters. Both parties claim to he the only
true democracy, hut in political parlance
they are known as Tillmanites and
"straightouts" or aati-Tillmanites. The
differences between them are serious and
seem irreconcilable. Personalties more
or less offensive have been indulged iu
freely by speakers and the press, and un?
doubtedly there is much soreness and re?
sentment. Senator Wade Hampton did
not pour oil on the troubled waters during
his visit in July, but widened the breach.
The adherents of Tillman indignantly re?
sent his description of their leader as
the "Mahone" of South Carolina.
The Tillman movement is not of yester?
day. It originated in the summer of 1885.
It was then called "the farmers move?
ment." Capt. Tillman introduced at a
meeting of the State Agricultural and
Mechanical Society held in 1885 a resolu?
tion which declared that the farming class
should have a larger representation on
the state board of agriculture. He sup?
ported it iu a speech which was among
his earliest efforts. His resolution was
voted down by a large majority. He then
expressed determination to continue the
agitation. Prior to that meeting he was
not known beyond the limits of his coun?
ty. In the latter part of ISS.") he pub?
lished in the News and Courier a series of
articles which attracted much attention.
He did not confine himself to a consider?
ation of the interests of the farmers, but
demanded reformation in the state gov?
ernment. He did not charge corruption,
but extravagance, and urged that a con?
vention of Farmers and those who favored
his views be held. A convention was ac?
cordingly held in April, 1886, and "the
farmers' movement," as it was then chris?
tened began. In sonic of the counties of
the state the measures advocated by Till?
man (one of which was a seperatc agricul?
tural college) were made issues in the
election held that year for members of
the legislature. The farmers' movement
was represented iu the legislature of Is*<>
by a fair proportion of members. Several
measures advocated by Tillman were in?
troduced, but all failed. The tight was,
however, continued, and Tillman gained
steadily. In the legislature of 1888-'89
the Tillmanites secured the establishment
of a college for the education "!' farmers'
sens. The state had now been aroused by
the Tillman movement, and ;t was evident
that a neu and strong element had en?
tered activity into state politics. Nothing
further of moment occurred until the
executive committee of the farmers'
movement in February last called a con?
vention to meet here the following month
for the purpose of "suggesting a state
ticket." All but one or two counties were
represented in the convention, and it con?
tented itself with "suggesting" but two
candidates. It named Captain Tillman
for the governorship and also "suggested"'
a candidate for the lieutenant-governor?
ship. It was declared that the action of
the convention was subject to ratification
by the regular nominating convention of
the democratic party. Subsequently the
executive committee of the rcgtilar democ?
racy arranged a preliminary canvass for
the nomination tor governor, and Gen.
John Bratton. of Fairfield county, and
Col. Joseph H. Katie, of Suniter, entered
the liJts. It became thus a triangular con- j
test. The campaign lasted eight weeks'
and was one of the most heated and bitter
ever held in South Carolina. When the
convention met on the 18th instant it was
found that Tillman hud carried thirty out
of thirty-five counties in the state, and
that the vote iu the convention stood 2U1
for Tillman and 5LI anti-Tillman, showing
a majority of xil.fj for Tillinau. The ses?
sions of the convention were stormy and
only the coolness of old heads prevented
bloodshed. The anti-Tillmanites left the
convention and set up independently. The
convention adjourned to meet on the 10th
of September, and it is a foregone con?
cession that Captain Tillman will be
nominated for governor. It remains to
be seen what action his opponents will
take. Senator Butler has been called in
as peacemaker. He is experienced iu
polities and diplomicy, but his task is a
difficult one. The democrats of South
Carolina realize the absolute necessity for
united action. The Tillmanites deny the
charge that they are not true democrats,
and express their belief in their ability to
elect their candidate. Meantime the re?
publicans are waiting and watching.
They may take advantage of any breach,
and counsel and aid from republicans at
the North will not be wanting. The legis?
lature to be elected in November will elect
a successor to Senator Hampton. Capt.
Tillman has expressed admiration for
him, but fears that he may be sacrificed
are entertained. His high character and
the great value of his services to South
Carolina are universally recognized, but
ambitious politicians may seek to displace
him. A Tillman delegate offered in the
recent convention a resolution denying
the truth of reports of contemplated re?
pudiation of the State debt, and declaring
that it was "a subject of primary impor?
tance," but other business was uppermost
in the minds of the delegates and the res?
olution was referred.
A new generation of political leaders is
coming forward iu the state, and Captain
Tillman is now foremost among them. He
is a successful farmer and is about 4:2
years of age. His education was limited,
but he lias been a diligent reader and is
spoken of as being well informed. He is
regarded as one of the most effective
stump sneakers in this state. He i.^ now
a prominent figure, and his future will he
Watched with interest. The governor of
South Carolina is elected biennially. A
brother of Captain Tillman is now in
congress, but has never held office.
I Senator Wade Hampton is not disposed
to accept the decree of the recent demo?
cratic conference held in Columbia as a
final solution of the political problem in
South Carolina. Referring to the subject
yesterday he said the reports of the recent
conference were misleading, and no com?
promise had been reached. On the con?
trary hostilities between the Tillman
and anti-Tillman factions tire going on
with the same vigor as heretofore. The
real fight, saya Senator Hampton, will
take place at the nominating convention,
September 10. The chairmuu of tha reg?
ular democratic state committee and the
opposing chairman, selected by the Till?
man faction; will each claim the right to
call the convention to order, and a con
flict of authority will probably ensue.
Under the circumstances Senator Hamp?
ton fears there will be considerable trouble
in the old Palmetto state before Tillman
is formaly declared the democratic can?
didate for governor. The veteran war?
rior und statesman realizes that the
Tillmanitus arc after his senatorial toga,
and he is loth to give it up without re?
New Yottic, Sept. 3.?Now that the
labor troubles are out of the way and the
money market again brought to a condi?
tion of positive case, there is a growing
disposition in Wall street to look upon
the hopeful side of the situation. While
there is not yet any marked disposition to
operute on the long side to any extent,
the feeling is more generally bullish than
at any time since the spring boom was on,
and the stocks being all in strong hands
arc held most firmly. The market,
therefore displays a decidedly firm tone on
the small volume of business.
SOMETHING LIKE A BOOM.
To-day there was something liken boom
at the opening and sales made at material
advances over Saturday's final figures, the
gains generally extending to % per cent,
while sugar was up to l^g per cent. The
number of stocks traded in was late, and
the strength reached all portions of the
list, although further gains, especially in
the general list, were insignificant.
LONDON A FACTOIl IX THE ADVANCE.
London was a moving factor in the ad?
vance and some commission buying helped
curly gains, but the demand was soon sat?
isfied, and dulnuss becoming again a
feature traders were again encouraged to
take the short side, especially us there
was an effort to bid up money which,
however, was unsuccessful, and rates im?
mediately dropped back to the lowest of
the day. The action of Rock Island in
announcing a reduction in rotes after
a delay was ordered led to the impression
that insiders were working for lower
prices and that the stock would be easily
marked down. It was, therefore, made
the object of special pressure and from
86"? it was rattled oft" at 83l?
NEWS FROM ROME.
Singular Complications in the Imperial
City?A Crisis and a Scandal.
[Now York .Sun's Home Letter.]
The financial situation in Rome is grow?
ing daily more serious and sensational.
The development that is predicted is the
collapse of the fortune of Prince Schirra.
the great Roman noble. Schirra, during
the building movement in Rome, mort?
gaged his estate, which is valued at 20,000,
000 francs, for *>,000,000 francs, and since
the financial crisis finds it impossible to
redeem his property. The bankers who
hold the mortgages at seven per cent are
pressing him for payment; so that, unless
he obtains assistance soon, a crash of one
of the oldest Roman families must ensue.
This catastrophe will be of more than lo?
cal interest, since it will probably involve
the breaking up of the well-known Schirra
gallery of paintings, which contains the
famous "Violin Maker" of Raphael.
An incident of this possible calamity is
the difficulty that has arisen between Pre?
mier Crispi and the leading Italian Jour?
nal, the Tribuna. in which Schirra is a
large owner. It is alleged in Ministerial
circles that Crispi has a letter from the
editor of the Tribuna making a proposal
for an alliance which the Premier declined.
Crispi has threatened the Tribuna with
the publication of this letter, and that
journal, as a matter of retaliation, sent
agents to Palermo, where the present
Mine. Crispi formerly resided, to look up
her antecedents. These agents profess to
have discovered that the lady, who was a
widow when she married Crispi, had lived
with him before the death of her husband,
and the Tribuna promises to make things
unpleasant for the Premier and his wife
unless the compromising letter of its ed?
itor is returned. The present Mine. Crispi
is the third wife of that gentleman, and
he was obliged to make threats to enforce
her reception at court, particularly as Ro?
man society is not positive that death or
law has divorced him from the other two.
Apropos of this circumstance, it is re?
lated that when Crispi called the recent
travels of the Prince of Naples "a voyage
in search of a wife," the Queen placidly
remarked that "the Prince, at least, was
not searching for three." Crispi, in con?
sequence, is not in favor with the Queen;
and the Roman people are indignant be?
cause he has appointed a royal commis?
sioner to conduct their municipal affairs,
and dismissed the town couucil of Rome
by reason of a pitched battle iu that body,
brought about and largely participated in
by the Duke of Sermoneta, one of the
richest and possibly, ablest nobleman iu
Italy, who is well known throughout Eu?
rope as the former president of the Italian
The present conditions in Rome have
been brought about by the extravagance
of the administration of the vast public
works, that have brought so many thou?
sands of laborers to the city. The gov?
ernment at present has not money enough
to continue these works; and, unless some
plan is devised to meet the situation, a
great financial crash must soon result.
Our Big; Cities.
The population of the ten principal cities
of the United States is returned as follows:
St. Louis. 435,000
Sun Krancisco. 300,000
Had to Resign.
Washington, D.O., Sept. 4.?Tbc Kaum iuvestigatiou
yesterday developed some Interesting points. A mem?
ber ot tbe investigating committee was compelled
to resign, his ownership ot stock lu tbe famous
refrigerator company having been discovered. Tan?
ner, an employe of the pension ofUce, testified that
lie hail beeu conducting tbe company's business in
part during oOlee hours. The allegation that the
compuny was designed simply to serve ?* a profitable
channel for disposing of the commissioner's influence
in settling pension cases was not elucidated.
Nashville's Defaulting Teller.
(Special to Knoxvilli; Journal.)
Nashville, Texx., Sept. 3.?Frank M. Alleu, the
defaulting teller of tbe Capital City Bauk, to-day tilled
a bill against K. W. Dunham k Co. and the members
of the Arm, to recover about fti,000 lost ou Rock
Island during lbe past few mouths. In his bill Allen
charges thai while Dunham k Co. claim to do a
-trictly stock brokerage business, the deals are ex?
actly tbe .same as in bucket ?hops.
Entertainment at Middlesborongh.
Middlksbobocoh, Kv., Sept. 1.?A desperate duel
between Marsh Turner and Steve WarricS, Wednesday
iiigbt, resulted in the death of Warrick and the fatal
wounding of Turner. The two men fought like
demons tor Sfteen minutes, Turner using a revolver
and Warrick a bowie kulfe. A hundred men wit?
nessed the battle, but were powerless to interfere.
MAKXII tcrseb DEAD.
- MiunuKSBcaucou, Kv., Sept. 3.?Marsh Turner died
early this morning from the effect., of the terrible
wounds received last Wodnesday night from the mur?
derous knife of Steve Warrlck.
Mall Route to Whiteaburg.
Upon the endorsement by Hon. John II Wllsou ot
tbe petition beaded by the signature of Wm. H.
Nickel? a mail route has beeu established from
Wh ltet.hu rg by <vay oil Hurt ride to Big Stone Gap, Vs.,
fraqueney six times a week each way. A contract
has been awarded for service on said route from the
1st ci Sspumtxr.
FRENCH AND EVERSOLE.
They and Ten of Their Follower* Arev:
Taken to Winchester, Ky., to be
Tried for Murder.
PRECAUTIONS AGAINST A RESCUE.
(Special by Courier.)
Winchester, Sept. 2.?Captain Gaither,
commanding the troops sent to Perry
county, arrived here to-day in charge of
sixteen prisoners, four of whom have been
convicted for felonies and sentenced to the
penitentiary. The other prisoners are B.
F. French, George and John Eversole, Joe
Davidson. Jesse Field, W. B. Smith, Jno.
Jones, Green Morris, Frank' Polly, Joe
Rawlins, Ed Combs and Wes Whitaker.
Henry Fugit, a lad, was also among the
number. These men are the leaders of
the French and Eversole factions, and are
charged with murder.
They were brought here under a strong
guard and every precaution taken against
a rescue. When the party reached Jack?
son the sheriff of Pern- county, who is
believed to be a friend to the French fac?
tion, took French, Fields and Davidson
who are French followers, from the jail to
his room and said he would guard them
there. Capt. Gaithcr ordered a detail of
soldiers to take the men back to prison,
and he placed a guard around the jail for
the rest of the night.
The arrest of the men was made quietly
at Hazard, just before the adjournment of
court, and there was no resistance. But
the accused did not expect to be taken to
Clarke county for trial. The judge of the
circuit court in this district is one who
rigidly enforces the law; and, though the
prisoners do not seem seriously to appre?
hend conviction, they evidently do not
relish the change of venue. French has
heretofore expressed a desire to be tried,
but not in Clarke county.
There wut< no trouble on the journey and ?
the prisoners have kept up their spirits,
even joking with each other in the Win?
chester jail. Both French and George
Eversole are young men and of unusual
intelligence. French talks freely aud
talks well. Any one who will listen to his
account of the feud must have a degree of
sympathy for him.
There is little doubt that most of the
party will be convicted and sentenced to
long terms in the penitentiary, and possi?
bly a few of them will hang.
ACCOUNT ok an akrest.
Word has been received here from
Hazard, Perry county, Kentucky, of the
arrest of the notorious Jack Brewer. He
is one of the leaders in the French faction.
He is a dangerous murderer and is said to
have killed four men. The officers are
afraid of him, and have never made any
effort to push the one case on which he
was arrested. Under the old regime he
was allowed to give bail and MrsrSarah
Davidson, an old woman ot' sixty years,
went on his bond. The energy displayed
by Judge Lilly, frightened Brewer and he
determined to leave the State. Mrs. Da?
vidson, not caring to lose the bond she
had given for Brewer's apprehension,after
all the men had refused to arrest him, de?
termined to do so herself. Armed with a
Winchester and several revolvers, eh ?
started towards Brewer's Lome, lie heard
of her coining and sought refuge iu flight.
The old lady followed him through the
woods, and after a twenty-four hours'
chase,came up with him aud at the muzzle
of her rifle forced him to surrender.
Securely binding him she marched him
back to Hazard, and he now occupies a
cell iu the jail.
The Lovely Sunol.
(New York Sun.)
The lovely Sunol's mile on Saturday in
sJ'.lU1-., furnishes very strong support for
the theory advocated last year in a letter
to the Sun by a noted observer of horse?
flesh known as HankComstock. His idea
was that the growth of a horse is not a
march of uninterrupted improvement.
There seems tu bo a certain culmination
of the powers of immaturity at three years
of age; and then for another twelve
months, or during the four-year-old
form, there is arrest, if n il retrogres?
sion in development, after which the ani?
mal starts upward again into the fullness
of its strength. Sunol's failure on Sat?
urday to beat her three-year-old record,
although she equaled it, is, so far us the
season has gone, a very interesting con?
firmation of this theory.
Miss Lee's Memory.
(New York World.)
Mix Mary Lew, the youngest daughter ot General
1). E. Lee, possesses a wonderful memory for faees
hihI names. Eveti a casu>j acquaintance met years
before is not forgotten, and meeting him several years
afterwards she ut once speaks his name and recalls
all their details of their former meeting. Miss Lee
came from Egypt t?> witness the unvailiug of the
statue of her father. She has spent the last live years
in Portugal, France, Russia and the Island of Madeira.
She is a tall woman, of distinguished presence, and
possesses that vivacious charm of manner and bril
'iancy of conversation which are Nature's best gift to
her ?ex. Miss 1ah> will remain In America visiting
friends in the South until next Spring, when she will
tail for Rome.
The English Army Rifles.
(London Letter in New York Sun.)
There is u nice little present on the w ay to Secretary
Redtleld Proctor from British Secretary fur War
Stanhupe. It Is u sample ul the new English service
rille, enclosed ill u M specially made of polished
wood, silver mounted, and bearing a friendly Inscrip- i
tlon. The rifle has lk-en secured fur the British army
at enormous cost, it was selected after iiitiuile pains,
and Is presumably the best in the world. It is of
small bore, but being served with a steel-clad leaden
bullet, with a special powder, St curries an incredible
distance. It i.s claimed for it that It will carry iu
bullet with u certain amount ot accuracy and 'cer?
tainty for a distance of two miles.
The Fire at CUnchport.
We learn that the loss to the South Atlantic X Ohio
Railruad Company, by the burning of the depot at
Clluel port Friday night, will amount to something
like live thousaud dollars for g.sids that were in the
.building. The dep a building, we learn, was fully
insured. It is thought that the cause of the tire was
from rats and matches, there being a good many
matches stored in the building at that Urne. Tue
agent, Jjhn Gunther, Jr., who was sleeping upstairs,
made a narrow escape, having to jump out of a
wind \v after being quite severely burned about the
face, neck and hands. In addition to his burn, hi had
the misfortune to have one arm broken in his fall from
And for iHk Stone Gap,
Money i< getting rasler, and the Southern corre?
spondents of the local banks write most encouragingly
of crops and trade prospects. Th; . insures a good
Kali business for Louisville merchant!.
Some Worth 93,000 a Foot.
The MarquU of Salisbury, the premier ot Great
Britain, owns SO.O?O acres of laud in England. As
much of it lies within the corporate limits of London,
he la enormously rieb.
A Live Town.
Tho vote in Johnson City, Tenn.,on the 20th nit., for
street Improvements and schools, was a? follow*; For
street improvements, 508; against, 76. Fur schools,
567; against, C3.
Gronor and Mahone.
Generai Gruner, of Norfolk, who is here, ?ys he 1?
taking no part at present in politias, but It is tho pre?
vailing belief that he will when Mahone makes another
W. H. Nickels & Co. have the host aud
cheapest lot of dry goods, groenries aud
hardware ever brought into the noun*