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title: 'The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, October 03, 1890, Image 1',
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Suet* Big Stone Gap will Unquestionably
be Unless an Earthquake
McCreath's Written Certificate Shows
that we Have the Best Coking
Coal in the World. The Iron
Ores already Discovered
of Superior Quality.
A 6rand Movement for the Development of
Both Deposits and Other Industrial
Notes of Great Importance.
A Budget of Important News that
will Mako Clad Every Investor
In Big Stone Cap and Sur?
roundings and will whet
tho Appotitos of
AN ATHERTON FLUSH.
Tbc present issue of the Tost will provo
highly Interesting to those who have made
investments in or nour Big Stone Gup.
Tlic resources "f this immediate section
arc attracting attention in every section:
of the country und uro heilig studied
abroad. The lWr him received numerous
letters from capitalists showing this in?
terest, ii lew of which we take tin; liberty
of publishing. The remarkable and un?
paralleled qualities of our coke bare
astounded the coke makers of Pennsyl?
vania and will attract attention in every
country where coke is used. Steps have
been takeu to open our iron veins, and
the construction of the two large furnaces
is progressing as rapidly as our present
transportation facilities permit. There
are 200 carloads of machinery now on the
road und .several hundred more ready for
The Post hiin not exaggerated a single
fact, hut Its renders will observe from the
contents of to-day's publication that wo
have underestimated rather than over?
drawn tho importauco of tho develop?
ment* ;n progross and in contemplation.
To'soti?fy any who may have the least;
doubt of the analysis we gave of the coke
lately diawn from the ?ach here, the
written certificate of Mr. McCi-e.it h is
given iu his own words.
The following Is Mr. McCreath's letter:
S M' CaCATII.
II luaisaoo, I'a.. Sept. 4. lsuo.
Uli K B. LEttKMUMO,
Prest. The Virginia Coal A Iron Co.,
Big Stoic Gap,
The ^bmi>lo of coke received from Mr. J. K. Taggart
yesterday, ylel is analysis the following results,:
Plied carbuu .W.04
Color >'f ash, t?r?.-vi n.
TliU represents u coke "f great purity: low in both
sulphur mill asli and Idgli in lixed carbon; chemically
It Ik full] as good as the very i".-.t I'ocahoutaa coke
aiivi it should rank high as a uictallurgical fuel.
Asnaew s. M<CRKATn.
Mr. McCreath might have snid more,
und doubtless would have said more but
for his Identification with Pennsylvania
interests. But he gives the facts and tho j
Intelligent render may draw Iiis own con?
clusions. The following comparative table
will show the superiority of the coke pro?
duced here over that produced at either
Counellsville or Pocahontas:
Avkoaci o? Carbon. Asb. pbur.
7 sal iples Big Stoti (Gap .-..kv, made
lu open rick and by barrel test.98.23 O.tiy 0.74U |
8 sample* Couttellaville, I'a., coke,
oveu test ..sS.'JC U.74 0.8101
i sample Chatuuooga,Tenu.,coko,
oven test .80.51 16.:i4 I.53G ]
4 samples Birmingham, Ala., coke,
oven teal .S7 ?? lo.M 1.195 i
I samples l'ocaboutas, t u., coke,
oven ? ?? </i.5? 5.74 0.5U71
n samples S< ? River, W.Va., coke,
oven tesi JW.tts 7.'J1 0.502]
1 sample Big S;-.v Clan coke, oven
tc.t, analysis made by A. S.
McCreatii, September, U190. . at.04 4.74 .6*S|
The importance of these facts upon tho
futur.: of Big Stone Gap cannot easily be
overestimated. Suppose the best iron in
the world bad Keen discovered here. It
would be readily admitted that a largo|
city would almost at once spring up at the
seat of its manufacture. It is hardly less
important that wo have the best coke
making eoal in the world, since coke forms
so great an element in the manufacture of
iron; and it is further possible that the
investigations just inaugurated will 6how
thut wo huvij also the best iron.
Our Iron Ores.
In regard to the success of the experi?
ment at ChalUnooga and the practicabil?
ity of making Basic steel out of yur ores,
u Post reporter called to sec Mr. E. J.
Bird, who is known in Europe and in this
country us a practical and very sucessful
furnace builder and iron maker of over
Torty years' experience.
'?The Basic- process Is a success in tho
%South," said ho. '-which all pructical men
gknow. Now If tho experiment at Chat
gjUnooga is a pructical success on tho basic
ijjroecss, Big Stone Gap is ti better place
Ifor the same kind of business, tho fossil
|?ros here being inexhaustible, and we
gjave cheaper und better coke than they
?an get at 'Chattanooga without trans?
porting it from this place; and the freight
Hbf the coke to Chattanooga would make
starte from Cumberland Gap. Thore arc
three veins, on about tho angle of forty
degree*, in all thoso Ion- mountains or low
hills, coming from Cumberland Gap to
Big Stone Gap. I traced them from Cum?
berland Gap, about twenty-thice miles,
tlireo veins at Cumberland Gap being
about twenty-three inches and at the
distance of twenty-three miles from
that point, they were about four and
one-half feet in thickness. Now eight
miles down Waiden's Kidgc, in sonic
parts of the ridge, thoso veins arc hor?
izontal; in other parts of the same ridge
they are standing at an angle of forty
degrees, and at that point the same three
veins that are twenty-throe and twenty
four inches at Cumberland Gap are nine
foot, and contain front 47 per cent to 53
per cent of iron. Hero a man can take a
sledge hammer and break pieces off the
rock and get an elaborate sample of those
ores, and can see half a million tons
at a glance, Those mines are lying
all along Waldcn's Ridge, and arc easily
reached by tho S. A. k 0. railroad, and
can be mined cheap. I havo seen the
ores in that section, and got an analysis
of them. Of courso all ores ure dephos
phoricd by dolymite limestone.
"If tho Basic process i? a success at
Chattanooga, and I believe it is, Big
Stone Gaj> has many advantages over
Chattanooga. The coke is near at hand,
and limestone is inexhaustible both for
dephosphorizing it and smelting it. In
the Wild Cat Valley the brown and red
hematites, which we can make the finest
natural iron in the country out of, its
analysis being 5-1 per cent iron, and
per cent silica, and from 6 to * per
"To make Bessemer iron here, tho
standard Bessemer iron, it will take a
certain portion of Cranberry ores, mixed
with the Wild Cat brown and red hema?
tites. To make doublo Bessemer iron,
take the Cranberry ore by itpclf, and to
mako pig iron by tho Basic pro?
cess, tho same that is being made in
Chattanooga, wo can take all of tho
cheapest oro we havo here, which is
inexhaustible. The limestone here is
white marblo limestone, us line as the
Italian marble, so that wc will guarantee
to make any quality of iron at the Appa?
lachian Steel k Iron Works that is ovor
asked for, aud when pig iron can be made,
any quality of it, all practical men know
that any kind of steel can be mado from
Wo have a five foot vein of Bessemer
ore within 500 feet of the furnace, and
the fossil ore within 300 fect,and a twenty
live foot bod of lirncstono within the same
The capitalists who have just visited
Big Stone Gap left a pleasant imprcsssion
behind thorn, and, as they said, carried a
delightful impression away with them.
Mr. E. B. Lei sen ring, president of the
Virginia Coal k Iron Company, president
of the Pioneer Iron k Steel Company, of
Birmingham, and was president of the
Coniiellsville Coke Company, which ho
sold to Mr. Andrew Carnegie and H. C.
Frick for $3,000,000; Mr. lt. H. Sayrc,
vice-president of the Lehigfa Valley rail?
road, and president of the Bethlehem
Stool Works, which recently put in a $6,
5011,000 plant to cast tho heavy ordnance
armor and metal parts of the navy which
is now being built, have agreed to put up
at Big Stone Gap 400 ovens, representing
an expenditure of $400,000, with all the
costly accessories necessary for operating
them. They will begin at once to grade
the sites, put iu the stono walls, etc., so
that by tho time transportation is alford
od, which the railroad companies promise
shall not lie later than the 1st of Decem?
ber, when the (ire brick can be delivered,
the ovens can be built very rapidly. They
promise to furnish the railroads 300 tons
of coal per day in December, and 1,000
tons of coke daily ninety days thereafter.
They havo Riven orders to their agents to
begin mining iron oro in tho Wild Cat
Mr. T. M. Dodson and J. S. Wentz, two
well-known capitalists, also accompanied
Mr. Leisonring, and are largely interested
in Big Stone Gap. All of these gentlemen
express themselves as delighted with the
city and its prospects. They realize
that wo have a combination of advantages
hero which baffles competition, and which
no location iu tho United States or else?
where- can boast of. They are conserva?
tive men, but clear-headed and sagacious,
and they do not hesitate to invest their
tnonoy when they can find a place for
Mr. Taggart, who is tho manager of the
Virginia Coal & Iron Company, is now
sawing lumber as fast as possible for the
construction of cottages for his minors,
which will be strung along the beautiful
ami fertile valleys of Callahan creek and
its branches. Mr. Taggart is ulso to
build a handsome residence in the city at
once, and move his family here.
It seems that tho demand for the coal
adjacent to Big Stone Gap is increasing
faster than it can be mined. Pocahontas
is now supplying all the fast steamers that
sail from tho Atlantic ports; and the
citizens of Bristol have found it impossi?
ble to got coal from oither Jellico or Poca?
hontas, the company at Jellico having
orders for 45,000 cars already on their
books. All that is needed at present here
I is adequate transportation, which will
soon be afforded by tho Louisville k Nash?
ville road aud tho South Atlautlc k Ohio
Major O'Brien, the chief engineer of
the L. & N., says that his company will
push tho construction ot tho branch up
Caliahan creok as rapidly as possible; and
Major Bates, the vice-president of the
S. A. k O., promises to havo his lino com?
pleted within two weeks to tho fuel coal
fields owned by his company. Then ho
will be ablo to supply all tho needs of
Big Stone Gap, Bristol and other points.
The L. & N. is also going to build a road
from its main line to the Appalachian
Steol and Iron Company's furnaces, par?
allel to tho S. A. & ?., and on tho north
side. Engineer O'Brien also says that
the L. & N. railroad will, as scon as pos?
sible, construct another branch from its
line at Pincvillo to Harlan Court House,
and as far this side as the development of
tho country will justify.
Mr. Sayro said that the two furnaces
that are boing constructed hero, will bo
among tho bost in the country. The ma?
chinery used in these furnaces is fifty per
cent heavier than those put up elsowhcro
in the South.
Tho thanks of the community are due
to R. B. Whitridgo, of Boston, one of the
directors of the Big Stone Gap Improve?
ment Company, who has agreed to erect
at onco a tasteful and appropriate building,
to bo used as an exhibition hall. The
building will bo located near tho Inter?
ment Hotel, and will be stored with speci?
mens of the natural products of this rcgiou.
Columns of coal, showing tho thickness
and character of tho various beds of
coking, gas,steam audcaunol coal; blocks
of red and browu ore from tho local beds
and of the magnetic and limontto ores
of the Cranberry region; specimens of all
the various hard and soft woods of this
vicinity; sand; building Btone; brick clay;
fire clay; limestone; marble; paint mix?
tures and all the resources of the Big
Stone Gap area will be tbereiu put ouexbi
the price of pig Iron one dollar por ton
"ThiB main stratum of the fossil oro
bition. This collection will be of very
great value, especially to such visitors as
do not feel able to stand the amount of
horseback riding necessary to get a gen?
eral idea of tho charactor of the terri?
tory surrounding the town.
An opportunity is now offered for filling
the depressions along Wood Avenue. The
L. k N. R. R. Co., will soon make a num?
ber of cuts and will not need the dirt.
This dirt could be easily hauled on the
Dummy lino and dumped on tho low
places where the stagnant water remained
throughout the summer, und which must
inevitably cause sickness. Tho matter
should be taken in hand at once. Indeed
it would be well for tho council to pass
an ordinance requiring every lot holder to
fill these depressions and, when passed,
see that is enforced.
Negotiations are on foot looking to the
developmemt of one of the most valuable
ore properties in this section. The land
in question lies about threo miles from
The Virginia Coal & Iron Company has
directed the work to be cominmcnccd on
three hundred coke ovens, on Callahan
Creek. This it is intended, will be the
first nest of ovens of what will bo one
tho largest, if not the largest coking
plant in the United States.
Directions have been received at tho
local office to commence mining the brown
ore at points in Wild Cat Valley neari
Mr. R. E. O'Rrien, engineer in chief of
the L.k N. R. R. Co., is authority for tho
statement that the Louisville k Nashvillo
railroad will be completed to Rig Stone
Gap by December 1st next.
The recent meeting of the Big Stone
Gap Improvement Company, was attended
by R. A. Ayer's, president; Wm, McGeorge,
Jr., of Philadelphia; J. W, Huidekoper, of
Washington; H. C. McDowell, of Lexing?
ton, Ky.; R. B. Whitridgc, of Boston;
Prof. Jno. R. Proctor, Josiah Ryland, of
Richmond; Jas. W. Fox, and others moro
or less interested in the dovcvclopment of
A committco consisting of Gen. Ayers,
Mr. Proctor, Major McDowell and Dr.
Whitridgc, wcro appointod to visit Eng?
land and effect the salo of a sufficient
amount of stock to take up the outstanding
bonds and a surplus for Improvement
Mr. H. P. Snydcr, editor of the Con
nellsville Courier, tho organ of the groat
coke interest of Pennsylvania writes to a
gentleman in this city that he has "been
reading the Bk, Stoke Post with no little
interest," and wants to know if there is
not a chance for him to get rich here.
TIIK AGONY IS OVEK.
Congress Adjourns .Sine Die After Doing
.Some Good Work and Some That
Was Very Dad.
Washington, October, Si.?Congress ad?
journed at <i o'clock yesterday afternoon.
The speaker signed the tariff* bill about 3
o'clock; it was then signed by Vice-Presi?
dent Mortoii, the presiding officer of the
Senate; then by the President. This
wound up the business, Congress remain?
ing iu session until the President affixed
Members of both parties heartily re?
joice that the long session is over as they
are worn out, and besides, are exceedingly
anxious to go home and fix up their
INVITED TO ATLANTA.
Mr. Dliilne- Will Consider It and Says the
South Will Do for Protection.
Nkw York, Oct. 1,?Secretary Blaine,
and his daughter, Mrs. Damrosch, break?
fasted at the Fifth Avenue Hotel yester?
day with Mr. Walter Damrosch and
Stephen B. Elkius. Among their visitors
after breakfast were Mayor Thomas Glenn
of Atlanta, and Speaker L. F. Garrard, of
the Georgia Legislature. They had corno
north to ask Mr. Blaine to be present at
the opening of the Cotton Exposition in
Atlanta next month. Mr. Blaine thanked
them, said that he had received a similar
invitation from Sioux City, la., and
promised to give them a definite answer
as soon as he should have time to arrange
his engagements. He was much inter?
ested in their account of the industrial
progress of the South, and expressed the
opinion that within the next decude the
preponderance of Southern sentiment
would be in favor of protection.
Probability of Great Distress In that
Afflicted Country, Adrian of Keller.
Nkw Yoiik, Oct. 1.?The Sun to-morrow
will publish an appeal to the people of
America from tho American committee for
relief of the famine in Ireland. The
most trustworthy information from public
and private sources in all parts of Ireland
is to the effect that a complete failure of
tho potato crop makes another great fam?
ine in that most unfortunate land practi?
cally inevitable. The point of actual suf?
fering from hunger has not yet been
reached, but the days of starvation, unless
help cotncB, are not far off. In the last
great famine in 1 S7S-'79 the Irish leaders,
Parucll, Davitt, id others who voiced the
country's appeal for food, pledged them?
selves never again to appear us suppli?
cants before the world on behalf of starv?
A movement is on foot among the well
known men not connected with any Irish
societies or political bodies to bring to the
attention of America the appalling calam
ity which now threatens Ireland before;
actual death from hunger has claimed any
victims. It has been decided to organize
under tho name of the American Commit?
tco for the Relief of tho Famine in Ire?
land. It is proposed to make its work
cover both North and South America.
Tho personnel of the American Commit?
tee contains the following names:
Chairman?James Grant Wilson.
Honorary Chairmen?Rutherford B.
Hayes, Grover Cleveland.
Vice-Chairmeu--Jame? Redpath, George
Ehret, Elliott F. Sheppard, Jame9 Holmes,
Trcasuror?The Now York Sun.
Secretary?Arthur Dudley Vinton.
The appoal says) the worst fears have
boon realized. The potato rot or blight
has spread through all parts of Ireland.
Samuel J. Randall's Estate.
1'(iimi?:i.wua, Pa., Oct. 2.?Tbc Hun. Samuel J.
Randall, who died at hit Washington residence on tho
13th of last April, failed to execute a will, and
Register of Wills Grats bos granted letters of admin?
istration on hi* estate to tho widow, Funny W. Ran
dull. Tbe entire estate left.by the deceased U valued
at about 16,000, and consists entirely of personal
LOUISVILLE CONTRACTORS INDICTED.
Scott Newman. Col. Zeb Ward and City
Engineer Scowden Arraigned for
Frond and Falao Swearing.
Louisville, Kt., Oct. 2.?Some weeks
ugo the Louisville Post published an elab?
orate exposure of frauds in the granite
street paving contract, and charged Scott
Newman and Col. Zeb Ward with robbing
the city. Tho amount of tho robbery was
only a few thousand dollars and it was for
this reason that the public accepted the
the charge with sonic hesitation. It was
believed that Scott Newman, at least,
would scorn to " touch " tho city for so
small a sum, as in such matters he bores
with a big auger. The parties brought
suit against the Post for $200,000 damages.
But Mr. Finloy, its editor, being a courage?
ous, as well as a very capable man, stuck
to his charge, reiterated them over and
over again, and going further, implicated
City Engineer Scowden in the robbery.
When the Grand Jury wore convened
they investigated the charges and indict?
ments have been found against all the
parties, the first two for obtaining monoy
under falso pretenses, and Scowden for
The result is regarded as a great victory |
for the Post, particularly as tho Courier
Journal and other ring papers tried to
shield the culprits.
It has been believed for 6omo time that
the city has been fleeced by a ring. Mayor j
Jacob, whoso integrity is spotless, has
been for many months an invalid, and a
which ago had to take nn extensive trip
around the world for his health. During
his illness tho rirgsters havo had their
own way, and this exposure is considered
only one of many that might be made If |
the facts could be obtained.
Ocn. Early's Narrow Escape.
Ltncbbcbo, Oct. 1.?General Jubal
Early had a narrow encapo from death
tliis evening. About 4:110 o'clock ho camo
down Main street and stopped in front of
ono of the buildings (the Western Union
telegraph office) and was giving directions
to several colored workmen who had been
engaged at work removing tho debris,
when all of a sudden, the walls gave away
with a tremendous noise, and the General
and a small negro boy wero crushed under
an immenso pile of bricks, mortar, and |
After fifteen or twenty minutes' hard)
work his rescuers heard the General's
voico under tho wreck and ton minutes
later they dragged him out.
The fortunate circumstances that saved
his lifo was that he was standing very
near the door of the building when the
walls gave way, -ij d n ine of the timbers
of tho door and window sills in falling
forward, supported the immenso pile of
ruins so that the General and tho boy
escaped the weight tl at would otherwise |
have crushed out their lives.
The General's face was badly cut, but]
otherwise ho is not badly hurt, and the'
negro boy had only two large bumps
raised on his head bv the falling bricks.
GOVERNMENT Ai i tiOPRXATIONS.
A Uood Round Hole Made In the Treas?
ury by a Republican Congress.
WasHIXOTOX, Oct. 2.?Tho appropriations
made by the first session of the Fifty-first
Congress was practically completed on
Monday, with the adoption of the confer?
ence report on the general deficiency bill.
They have amounted to the following
Diplomatie mid Consular. 1,710,s15
District of Columbia, Including
$1,200,000 for Kock Creek Park..'. t),9g9,444
Legislative, Executive and Judicial.21,630,769
Military Academy. 430,290
Navy, Including$1,000,000for nickel
to be used in making plates for
the protection of vessels.24.136,035
Kivcr ami Harbor.-.24,981,295
Deficiencies, Including $10,216 ap?
propriated bv the House Molidav
for the pavo'f memben.38,crs,815
The permanent annual appropriations;
for the year lb'JO-1 amount to $101,628,
lol}, making a grand total for tho yoar of j
The regular annual appropriations made
during the first session of the Fiftieth
Congress were $306,985,544; permanent
appropriations, $115,640,798; grand total,
Increase of the Fiftv-first Congress over
the Fiftieth Congress,"$40,313,613.
Roanokk, Va., October 1.?At 12 o'clock
yesterday, A. Moore, for the commissioner,
offered the Shenandoah Valley railroad
for sale. The first bid was made by Col.
Fitzgerald of New York, one of the Pur?
chasing Committee appointed by the
holders of the first and second mortgage,
bonds, which was $7,100,000. No other
offer was made until N. J. Tubbs made a
bid of $7,150,000. The committee did not
raiso their bid and Mr. Tubbs was re?
quested to pay over the cash payment of
$75,000. This ho could not raise, claim?
ing ho had this money but not with him.|
The commissioner offered the second time |
the road and the committeo, through Mr.
Fitzgerald, renewed the former bid, which
was accepted, and aflcr tho required time
they wero declared the purchasers.
It is generally known that the Norfolk!
& Western Railroad Company aro tho ]
holders of these bonds, and aro the real
purchasers. The receiver will continue
to operate tho road until tho salo Is con- |
firmed by the courts.
Aluminum Sold at a Dollar.
CtamtUXB, 0., Oct. 2.?Au announcement of Inter?
est to the metal trade 1? made by the Cowles Electric
Smelting and Aluminum Company, of tblt city, that
alumluutn will be sold for $1 a pound. Heretofore
the lowest price mado to the public on aluminum In
small lots has been $2.50 per pound. The first price
made on the Cowles aluminum was $5, as against $20,
at which it formerly sold. At $1 per pound aluminum
will become a st'rioua competitor with both nickel
and tin. At 60 cents pure ulumlnum would become a
formidable competitor with copper.
Cotton Deal Settled.
BiakUXOBAX, Ala.,Oct. 2.?Manager Geo. F.Galther,
of the Alliance Exchange, in on interview to-day says
that the Excbauge Is now reudy to advance loans of
$35 per bale or. 500,000 bales of cotton. The schema
is confined to the Alabama crop.
Tho Exchange has also made the announcement
that it is prepared to ship the farmers' cotton direct
to Liverpool and give them the full beneOt of that
market. Tbe project has no connection with the ad?
vance by a foreign syndicate of $32 per bale pub?
lished throughout the country a week or ten day's ago.
Editor Henry Watteraon, of the Courier-Journal,
went to Boston and rehashed all he old gabble Of the
South. It -was tar from a Grady effort.
Additional Items That Show the Activity
of Business and the Aroused Ennrgy
of the Southern People.
80ME NORTHERN CAPITAL.
(From the Manufacturers' Record.)
Tho lumbering interests of the Southern
States hare kept pace within the past
year with other interosts. Tho overflow
of the Mississippi was the highest ever
known and the first for six years, and gave
an opportunity for floating to the mills
those logs which had been accumulating
during that time. Thoso parishes of
Louisiana which hare had their crops
damaged by tho flood havo been enabled
to more than retriove their losses by the
gain in the amount of timber sold. Tho
combined woodlands of the South have a
total acreage of 196,832,000, which is about
41 per cent of its total area, while tho
North and West togothor havo only about
16 por cont of their total area in wood?
lands. Westorn lumbermen havo investi?
gated Southorn timber lands with the
result that immenso tracts havo been pur?
chased to bo held for future development
whon their Western lands havo been ex?
hausted. Tho overflow has also given tho
Mobilo mills, which manufacture cypress
shingles and lumber principally, an op?
portunity to procuro an ample supply of
cypress, tho supply of which had been ex?
pected to be very short. Mexico, the
West Indios, Central and South America
have steadily increased their consumption
of Southorn timber for some years.
Another substitute for juto bagging has
appeared, this timo patented by Mr. 0. B.
Warrand, of Savannah, Ga. It is tho saw
palmetto, and in Alabama, South Carolina,
Goorgia and Florida it grows abundantly.
Mr. Warrand claims that his palmetto
fibro must take tho place of jute, as it is
cheaper and much superior to it. Speci?
mens of the saw palmetto's different fibrous
products have boen exhibited, together
with a sample of paper manufactured from
it, and a sample of tannic acid extracted
from the stem, which, it is claimed, will
tan leather in from ono to two months less
time than tho ordinary oak bark. Mr.
Warrand proposes to organize a $50,000
stock company for tho purpose of erecting
an experimental plant In Savannah to give
his patent a thorough test; and, if suc?
cessful, doubtless many othor factories
will spring up to proparo tho fibro for the
An application bus been filed at Knox
villo for the incorporation of tho East
Tennessoee Navigation Company. It is
the intention of the originators of the
scheme to put a fleet of stearnors upon the
Tennessee river, and do a general freight
and passenger business. The boats will
be run to the highost navigable point of
the river, and as far down as Florence,
Ala. Tho gentlemen aro from Norfolk,
Va., and represent a largo amount of capi?
tal. Knoxvillo will be their headquarters.
A prominent local attorney is looking
after their interest at present.
Savannah, Ga., is now having some rosy
visions of direct trado with Europe. The
organization of a land investment com?
pany on an immenso scale haB been sug?
gested, to combino with tho South's great
railroad systems and the proposed Trans
Atlantic Steamship Company. The immi?
grants, ?ho generally bring ready money
with them, could certainly be as easily in?
duced to settle *in the South as in the
West. It has been suggested that possi?
bly tho Central railroad would opposu this
plan, as it would loso Bomo of the trado
which now goes by its ships to New York
and thenco to Europe; but this loss would
bo moro than overbalanced by the in?
creased traffic which the road would gain
with tho West. Wilmington island, ten
miles southeast of Savannah, is being in?
vestigated as a new water terminal by the
Macon & Atlantic railroad. The island
has a deep-wator front, and would suit
thiB purpose admirably.
The present issue of tho stock of tho
Grottoes Company, of Shendun, Va., 15,000
shares, has all heen placed, and the draw?
ing and allotment of business lots will
take place Wednesday, October 15, 1S!)0,
having been postponed from October 8, as
first announced. There will be a sale of
lots held immediately after the drawing.
A contract has rocently boon closed by
this company for tho conatruction of a
street car line threo miles long at Shen?
dun, tho line to be completed and running
in thirty days.
Tho Tennessee Industrial Land Com?
pany, composed of Chicago parties, has
purchased, through W. Englewood, 1,000
acres of land at Dayton, Tcnn., for $316,
500. It includes coal, iron and other
mineral property, aud the company in?
tends expending a considerable amount
on improvements. The building of a
dummy line around the city and the con?
struction of an electrical railroad are
among the projects on hand.
THE DELAY OF FREIGHT*.
Major Bates and Mr, Graves are Inter?
viewed on the Subject, and Say they
will do all they can to Prevent It.
A representative of tho Post met Major
Bates, the vice-proeident of the S. A. &, O.
road, and talked with him in regard to tho
delays in the transmission of freight from
Brietol to this point. Major Batos said
that he wae not aware of any unreason?
able delay; that his road was a new one
and many difficulties had to be encoun?
tered which do not embarrass an old road.
He aeked for specific instances, and the
Post representative called his attention to ,
several instances where merchants at?
tribute the delay in receiving their goods
to the management of his line. Ho made
a careful memorandum and Buid that he
would investigate them and correct any
such evil if it existed. "It la not to the
interest of the company," said he, "to
delay freight, and if thero has been such
a delay it will be remedied as soon as pos?
sible." His attention was also called to
the report that his agents at Bristol had
at times refused to receive freight for this
place because they could not deliver it.
He said he knew of no such cases, and
that it must be an error. Since the inter?
view with Major Bates, the Post has re?
ceived a number of written statements
from the parties who have such grievances
against the company, and they wore duly
"forwarded to him for his investigation and
Mr. Graves, the freight superintendent,
says much of the delay is due to the fact
that the E. T., Va. & Ga. Co. will not de?
liver less than a carload of freight to the
S. A. & O. agents, and that they wait until
they can accumulate that much, thus de?
laying fractions of a carload. If this is
the case it is in keeping with the wretched
management of tho E. T., Ya. & Ga. road.
When they don't smash up freight in their
almost daily collisions and wrecks they
delay its delivery. It is a misfortune that
tho foreign delegates of the British Iron
& Steel Institute must pasa over euch a
line on their Southern tour; for whatever
opinion thoy may form of Southern re?
sources they will hare a horror of South?
ern railroads. They will be lucky if thoy
escape a collision.
Two Malls a Day.
A Post representative also talked with
Postmaster Goodloe In regard to the pros?
pects for securing mail to and from Big
Stone Gap twice a day, and Mr. Goodloe
made the following statement:
"I havo written a nice letter to Wash?
ington requesting that another mail pouch
be put on the road between this point nnd
Bristol, thus giving us two mails a day.
While I cannot see any great benefit to be
derived from it myself, I have boen re?
quested to do this, and I want to do every?
thing to accommodate my friends and
patrons. It is probablo that if wo suc?
ceed, the mail will not be distributed un?
til next morning, that is tho ovening
mail, as it will make too much night work.
However, that could bo remedied by a
change in the schedule. I do not think
wo will have any trouble whatever in
establishing two mails a day here, and
expect my request to be granted at once."
Tho Plank Walk Question.
The street paving matter Is hanging firo
in the Council. In an interview with a
Post reporter on the subject Dr. Kunkel
says: "1 am opposed to taxing tho people
of Big Stone Gap $]-2,000 or $15,000 for
putting down plank sidewalks, that will
not last more than five years at the out?
side. Tho very lowest estimate of tho
cost of plank paving is 50 cents & foot;
and if five miles of this bo built, at pro?
posed by the Council, tho cost will bo
great. I am in favor of having sldowalks
on tho principal streets and crossings,
and think that they should be built at tho
least cxpenso possible; but at present I
think it unnecessary to have double side?
walks on such streets as Wyandotto ave?
nue, Gilly avenuo, Clinton, Shawnee and
tho cross streets, and tho proposed plan
would be an imposition on tho tax-payors
SHOCKING SCANDAL IN GERMANY.
A nigh Officer of tbo Army Disgraces
Himself jund Commits Suloldo.
(X. Y. San Cable Letter.)
A shocking scandal is just now agitating
military and polite society in Berlin, On
last Tuesday morning Major von Norman,
a most distinguished officer, commandant
of tho training school for non-commis?
sioned officers of Potsdam, and a great
favorite of Kaiser Wilhelm, was found
dead in his quarters. He had committed
suicide by taking poison and then opening
veins in his arms. It was assumed that
the deed was due to pecuniary troubles,
like several other suicides which havo
horrified Berlin within the past month.
The real facts have since como to light,
and prove von Normann to havo been a
scoundrel of the vilest character, who
long ago ought to have been removed
from the responsible position which ho
occupied by tho personal favor of Kaiser
Wilhelm. It is not improbable that had
he not taken his life von Normann would
have provoked a military mutiny which
might have resulted in his murder, for ho
ruled non-commissioned officers under his
command with a degree of tyrannical
cruelty that had exasperated them to a
dangerous pitch, and he took advantage
of his power to indulge habitually in un?
natural vices similar to those which made
Cleveland street iufamous.
The exposure came when von Normann
attempted to assault a young non-com?
missioned officer who joined the school
only a week ago. Tho spirited and indig?
nant newcomer felled his superior officor
to the ground, and then crossed tho bar?
rack yard to the officers' mess, told what
had happened, and surrendered himself a
prisoner. The officers immediately hold a
conference behind closed doors, and finally
sent the three eldest captains as a depu?
tation to inform von Normann that us a
German officer, against whom an infamous
crime could bo proved, it was his duty to
Von Normann made no attempt to deny
the charges and promised the officers to
comply with their demands within half
an hour. The Captains waited outside
Von Normann's quarters for two hours,
and then assuming that the wretched man
was two cowardly to commit suicide re?
tired, after placing a double Sergeants'
guard on the place.
In the morning the eldest Captain went
with a guard und a warrant of arrest,
only to find Von Normann dead. He
must have taken poison and opened his
veins while the Captains were waiting
outside Ilia door, and was probably dead
before they retired in disgust at his sup?
posed cowardice. Major Von Normann
was in command of the troops who, by
order of the present Kaiser, barred all
exits from Friedrichskrou immediately
after Kaiser Friedrick ceased to breathe.
His death and the shameful circumstances
connected with it will be heard of without
simulated sympathy by a number of peo?
ple, including that remarkably good hater,
Sir Morrcll Mackenzie.
A Gale on the Coast.
Old Point, Va., Oct. 1.?The equinoctial gale con?
tinues tu-tlny, tlio wind being very high and the rain
constant. Tbc storm has now been on since Saturday
afternoon And is materially laterferring with shipping
interests, particularly the coal traffic, aa no vessels
arrive or sail. The wind is blowing at the rat* of
sixty miles an hour to-day at Capo Henry and a larga
wind-bound fleet In gathering In Hampton Roads.
The Duy steamers are keeping up connection, but
have a rough time every trip. Owing to the high
wind and heavy sea the Merrltt Wrecking Company Is
unable to launch the stranded schooners B. 7. Pools
had P. O. Dame, as they hoped to do, but now have
both in such position that tbclr floating la assured.
Proparing for Them.
CruTTAXoooA, Tin?., Oct. 2.?It Is determined to
give the British Steel Institute a royal reception In
Chattanooga on October 19 and 20, when they visit
here. The party will consist of about 400 iron mas?
ters of Great Brltalu and Germany, being only a por?
tion ?f the Immense body that will visit America
at that time. The local reception committee mot at
tho Chamber of Commerce yesterday afternoon and
reported success In the arrangements already per?
Minister Smith's Czar.
London, Oct. 2.?The St. Petersburg correspondent
of the Daily Telegraph says that the Russian minister
of the Interior la preparing a bill authorizing the
deportation to Siberia, without trial or formality of
any kind, all foreigners who have been expelled from
their own countries and whose governments refused
to recognize them. This law, the correspondent says,
is directed against the mass of Roumanian Jews who
come to Russia.
Going to War.
London, Oct. 2.?A dispatch from Erzeroum says
the situation in Armenia haa become serious. The
Russian government has massed T2,000 troops on tho
Armenian frontier. The Turks are expecting aa st?
uck and are rapidly supplying the Kurds with arme
and amunltion and making other preparations to
resist the Russian forces. Russia is also Increasing
the frontier guards on the boundaries of Austria,
Turkey, and Persia. The alleged object of this in?
crease is to provide for a more effective suppression of
Nkw Yokx, Oct. 1.?The stock market
to-day was in a transition state, both bolls
and bears holding off for further develop?
ments, while each side talked and wrote
plenty of stuff to bolster up its own cause.
The market during the day was remark*
ably free from bear pressure, and only in
Burlington and Quincy was there any
marked effort to make an impression,
rumors of a forthcoming bad state of
earnings furnishing a ground for tho
limited selling indulged in. On the other
hand, there wero few marked advances,
though they were not fully maintained,
and the final changes are generally slight.
The opening was quite irregular as com*
pared with the final figures of last even*
ing, but there seemed to bo a desire to
cover, and while London was a seller to a
limited extent, there was no pressure any*
where in the list, and early dealings saw
material improvement all along the line,
the sugar refineries leading, followed by
Rock Island, Chicago Gas, and Lacka*
The demand soon slacked away, how?
ever, and dullness becamo the ruling fea?
ture of the trading, but, contrary to the
usual rule, the best prices were well main?
tained and in some stock even further
slight advices were scored. Rumors of
decreased earnings on Burlington were
circulated late iu tho day and that stock
was then attacked, with the result of
bringing it down about 1 j? per cent from
the best figure, and in the general list
thero followed a shading off from the high
prices of the forenoon. No material loss
was sustained, however, and London bo
came a moderate buyer, which induced a
rally toward tho close, when Pacific Mail
recovered 1 por cent from its late dopros
The foaturo of the lato dealings, how
avor, was a sharp rally in silvor cortifi
:ates on reported heavy purchases by
Tho close was fairly steady and gener?
ally at small fractional gains for the day.
There were no material losses. Sales of
leted stocks, 131,000 sharos; of unlisted,
?os!* aid ixcranoi.
Eveimra.?Exchange quiet and firm at 482a48e%.
Honey easy at 3aS, closing offered at 3. Sob-treaiury
>olanc*e?Coin, flH,330,000; currency, (5,610.000.
}ororumeoti dull but firm ; 4 per cent*, 123%; 4%'c,
104 bid. State bonde dull but ateady.
Will Cannon Withdraw ?
(From the St. Louis Republic.)
Tcbcola, III., Sept. 30.?It Is asserted tbat Con
rreaamau Caonoo Is now In commonlcaUon with bis
rlvnds throughout the Fifteenth district, asking their
idvlce as to whether b? shall make the race or with
lraw In order to restors harmony In tbo ranks. With
ibout sixteen republican papers openly fighting him
n the district, he feels that the prospect Is very dls
:ouraglng, as they have gone so far that they cannot
urn back. Some of hla friends claim tbat If be re
sains on tho track be will be the means of defeating
he legislative aud other Uckets, as be Is a dead
-eight to carry. It will be known tu a fuw days at
*bat decision Congressman Cannon will arrive.
Ten Thousand Dollars for a Two-Tear Old.
Lexington (Ky.) Special.
The highest prlco ever paid for a two-year-old
Kentucky trotter was given to-day, wbon Braefleld &
Upton gave Bowcrman Brothers $10,0000 for the bay
My Lady Wilton, record 3:35, two years old, by Wil?
ton, 3:1% (the only stallion that ever beat Palo
Alto), dam Lemonade,3:27>f,by Kentucky Prince,
!r., second dam Susie Melburne, by Helburne, Jr. This
tale will cancel all Lady Wilton's two-year-old en?
gagements, but she will be campaigned uext year by
s noted trainer. As her sire Is by Georg? Wilkes,
2:23, son of Rysdyk'* Hambletonlan, dam Alle,
laughter of Rysdyk's Hambletonlan, great things aro
expected of her.
Attempt at Suicide.
Yesterday morning, al>ont 11 o'clock, Col. W. D.
Hsynee attempted to take bis life, cutting himself In
the besd with a pocketknlfe about twenty times, and
then, going Into the wooodshed, cut a gash In bis
bead wlfh an axe. lie was discovered by bis son-in
law, Will Palmer, and medical aid was summoned.
Tho wounds were found to be painful, bat not dan?
gerous. _ . _
Mahone Won't Run.
Mahone will not offer fur Congress, but L?ngsten
will b* opposed by a negro. Several are mentioned,
but Harris, of Dluwlddle, seems to have the greater
prominence. Langston canuot get tbo "regular"
nomination, and, If ho runs, must do so as tho candi?
date of the negroes, Just as be did two years ago.
This he will no doubt do.
The Post Appreciated.
Tho Post has received the following let?
ters, which show how it is appreciated in
two leading Eastern cities. In deforence
to the wishes of the writers their names
arc suppressed, but the letters are genuine
and mean business:
Boston-, Mass., Sept. 23,1800.
Dkasj Sib: In appreciation of the excellent paper
you nre giving us, Hcc-pt this roll of 125 names of
new subscribers for one year, and send It per the ad?
dress given. Wishing yoa abundant success. I am,
very sincerely, .
Nr.w York, Sent. S3, 1890.
DrAI St*: Here are the names and addresses of 100
snbscril>crn, which 1 take great plea?nre in sending
you. I hear compliments on all sides from those who
nave read your previous issues, and I am sore a good
Impression will be made upon these new readers. -
Tour country Is exciting great Interest among Invest?
ors now, and a reliable llvs newspaper, like yonrs,
always gives the laust news of industrial develop?
ment, which Is more eagerly aougbt for than any?
thing elae. I am aure that you tre the forerunner of
a material development, whose extent none of as can
predict, so vaet will It be. Truly yonrs, >?
Broken at Last.
M-npbis, Oct. L?The congressional deadlock, which
baa been hanging fire for three weeka, was broken
this evening by Lbs nomination of Col. Joslah Patter?
son, on the 6,105th ballot, Judge Galloway and T. J.
Rlddlck withdrawing after 0,104 ballots la bis favor
The management of the Central Hotel changed bands
the 1st of the month. Mr. A. M. Goodloe is now in
possession of it.
John Holmes Smith, of Lynchburg, was in town the
first of the week, negotiating with W. S. Harris for
eoms cosl and tlober Laad.
Mr. Guff Hardln hae returned from a visit to Ken?
tucky, where Mrs. Hardln has had a protracted ill?
ness. Her many friends here will be glad to learn
tbat she is now rapidly improving. Mr. Hardln says
the Kentucklaos who art Interested in Big Stone Gap
are pleased at the prospect.
Mr. L. O. Pettlt, the engineer, has gone to North
Carolina to make Important surveys, which will oc?
cupy him for several months.
Mr. John Goodlos left on Wednesday last With a
carload of cattle tor Waynesboro Junction.
W. E. Harris went to Bristol yesterday to attend a
meeting of the stockholders and directors of lbs
Tacoma Improvtmsat Company.
Gen. Ayers retaratd to the city yesterday sad will
remain several days.
Mr. and Mrs. 1.1. Bhortt left Wednesday for a Ship
to Louisv 111? and Cincinnati.
Mr. Jos Mayoor returned yesterday from GbsdevLUe,
where be has been sick for several days.
Judges W. T. Miller sad Kllgore ware la town
Wednesday s-enlng, on their way to Bristol,
Mr. R. R. Kackols, who Is representing the Rich*
Bond State, was t? the city yesterday, fathering
Industrial newt for his paper and loeklag sJssr its
business Interests. The BlaU proposes togl-eawre
attention to the indes trial movement la tola section ~
than any Richmond paper has hitherto deae.