Newspaper Page Text
W. C. ROBINSON & CO
B,C STONE CAP. VA. |
W. C. ROBINSON & CO.
Bill STONE GAP, VA., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 31,1890.
Ti..- <... ,? i>i ??'??
.1 und IT"!"'*'
?1,1?' " "
M k A N
1 it: ineSS.
Tl., Commercial ^
. . .... Vv< rv one
saii?tor,.st?a... i..,-'- ? .rc5al
, uu intern? I" K,ve " ,
1, KCU u< his moral
hr, material us wc"
i ,. fail t? net on
"....,io? ?in ,V,,,,,?
hcri>. l.ought lots, have gOfc
. .L..<i ?!>? ?hen 0'*.T
time has come when
have ? om<
a way lea vi it}
bought them. !!
. i ,. done An op*
M.-thing mor. 1,1 "
? afforded ill"" 10 S,,0W
?ortunity is no* ?'?"r,i
.,u.tht.r,h,v have an intelligent apprcu
ftti?? ?f ?hc- ,it?atio... The CommcrcnJ
aid them, and they must
Club projM.se- 1"
I Club. A word t<*
aid ihr Coinmcn i.?i
,, ,i,. ?u.stion made f
H c^hcld Safe
"?"^.meeting ol citzen
.1.frning I? ?????*dd
ing for tl,? ? ? "! lS,dC,S
,.l.ject of which should be ?? promot
hv ,f action .? affect.nfiall
SL.. Pertaining tolhegencral welfare
rhan-: The firs, address was mad* by .
T Irvine;^. outlined the measures
?i,h which -.mmercial club could prop
concern itself, and named what h?
dee,.1 ll.c host course to follow to pro-l
duce the desired result*. . 1
n c McDowell, jr.. expressed Ins
,ienrtv .vmpathi with the contemplated
movement. He ?rgedthat M the pcrma
interests of our eity, and not alone
or principally those pertaining to real
estate, shouhl Im looked after h, the .club
it was pmpos. i to form.
,| m Hardin, W*. K. Shelby. Rcv.AY. A.
Simmon- and W. S. M?tUewa, es?,., also
spoke briefb in favor of tlie proposed or?
ganized effort on the part of all our citi
a-ciis to promote the gcuerul prosperity of
M,. McDowell suggested the appoint?
ment of a commit. five to take the
subject aiidei consideration, to draft a
constitution and report at a meeting t<> he
held Moiida; night.
Mayor Skeen appointed the following
gcntleim n as the committee-: II. T. Irvine,
V.T.Ooodloe. ?V. a. McDowell, K. M. Har?
din and Colonel ('-. K. Sears.
Mr; .1 W. Fox; sr.. was called u;.??i:. and
spoke <?!' the apparent apathy that had
prevailed here, as compared with the en
lerprisc manifested in some of the neigh-1
The tlianks of ihosc present were voted
lo ('?' Sears foi having suggested the)
holding of the meeting, ?>",l to Mr. Sum- j
merlield and Mr. Kniest Sewcll for the
"t the huilding. and the meeting
M<>M>.U SIUIIT'S MUETIXiJ? MKIITIOS I'T A
I'iO'STITI rioK "-\> IIV-tAWi-Till: OKKICKHS
A N i' . OU.MITfKl S.
In pursiiuiico of the motion passed on
Saturdu) night, the citizens assembled on
Monday night .it .1. Ii. F. Mills's oflicc inj
tit*- Inn rmoiil hotel !?> !i?-.ir the report off
the committee appointed Saturday night
to I'm im tin constitution ami by-laws for
the eluk and discuss the whole matter I
more il .roughly. On motion, duly scc-J
onded, Judge Maury was made chairman
of t!.'- mecliiig and F. D. McGinlcy secre?
tary. Mr. Irvine, chairman "I the com?
mittee appointed t.i nrport, proceeded to
read the constitution. Sonic slight altera-I
lions ?. :> mnde; ami the constitution was
adopted a- read. The name of the club
i> tu u,'- Commercial Club of Big Sionr !
ilnp. Mr ir^im. then read the by-laws.
In making thu l.v-lnws the committee did
not ti\ lite amount of membership fees!
ami mouthly dues, but left that open for
the meeting to arrive .it Alter unite n
length\ discussion and many diflerenl
in.':...!- suggested, the following was
adopted aud insert) 'i in tin- hy-laws: Initi?
ation fee, ?:>, f-.'.-.ii paid in 1 liirt^'
days ;,i ! .5(1 in sixty .lavs, and the
inonthl) dues r?(l cents each, payable the
last the month. The club is to meet
even Friday night at such place as may
bo designated hereafter. On motion, duly
seconded, ti,.- by-laws o;crc adopted. The
next proceeding was the election of the
Officers, t!:.- reM.lt of which was as fol?
lows f E. Sears presideut; Ii. T. Irvine,
vice-president: W. .\. McDowell; secre?
tary; Appalachian Bank, treasurer.
Besides the regular officers the follow?
ing committees had liecn proposed by the
committei hi rctoforc appointed to report,
and the members were elected:
Executive Committee?R. T. Irvine.
F. Kullitt, jr., .1. ii. \: M\\\^ j. ji,
C.oodloe. John \V. Fox, jr., E. M. Har
din. am! 0. 11. U, it vm.ui. A finance com?
mittee, whose duty it is to ascertain as
",:",.v ? ' ;.ible what money is needed
to earn out the plans proposed, and pro?
ceed !.. thu best method to raise Hint
money. The foil,,wing werc chosen mem?
bers of that committee: W. K. Shelbv, H.
II. Bullitt.AV. a. McDowell, W.T.Good
loe and \V. E. Harris.
A transportation committee, whose dutv
I generally. The following persona w
chosen to perform this i?>P<>rIf;,,nt.
' Fno W Fox. L. T. Maury, Mr. Blackford.
Spencer Berrytnan, J. B. F. Mills, Rev.
W. A. Simmons, and C. E. Scars.
\? advertising commit tec to take
cl,arce of the advertising. The following
^chosen: H. C. McDowell, C. H. Ber
ryma'n, H. B. Fox, Mr. Sproles and ft. I.
\ grievance committee, whose duty it
shall l>c i" look after the sanitary eondi
li.,f the town, consult with the town
council on matters pertaining to thei gen?
eral good, etc W. E. Addison \\ S.
Mathews, W. C. Shclton, Judge C. J. Dun?
can and A. Summerfield are this co?
i mittcc. .
A committee on industries, whose fluty
lit sliall he to seek manufacturers, use
rtieir influence in securing manufactures,
etc. The following gentlemen comprise
the committee: ft. T. Irvine. E. J. Byrd,
Mi Peters, J. K. Taggart, Henry Wcbb^
W. E. Moni-. W. S. Mathcws, U. B.
Clav, jr.. Edwin Bnrhour, H. A. V,.
Skc'cn, Col. J. B. Adams, C. H. Spalding,
C E. Spalding, I. Hill?, R. F. Dillard, Dr.
C. I>. Kunkel, G. W, Lovcll, W. C. Robin?
son, .1. B. F. Mills. W. A. Simmons,.!. W.
? Fox, sr.. H. E. Fox. William Voung, David
Castleman. dohn M. Hardin, W. F. Maker,
?j M. Goodloc, W. A. McDowell. W. S.
Palmer. W. S. Beverly, <\ T. Estos, C. F.
Brockel, Jahics M. Hodge. W. J. Hcnwood
and W. J. Sproles. 1
Mr. Simmons and Mr. Cnstlcman were !
appointed a committee to solicit members
?for the club, to start oil Tuesday morning.
It was agreed that the place for holding
the next meeting, on Friday night, be
announced in the next issue of the Post.
After adjournment a large number
present at the meeting enrolled their
names as members of the club.
HITCH AX AN ON TIIK STUMP.
He Delivers a Strong Speech on the Po?
litical Issues and Arouses the
Mr. Buchanan's earnestness and Iiis
evident belief in every word he uttered.
n< much as his eloquence, kept the close
attention of his audience throughout his
speech delivered here on Wednesday. He
alluded at the beginning to the coqtcsf
held over his scat, and the triumph of his
constituents when after a searching ex?
amination his right to the position was
shown, and the slur cast upon the honor
of the district by hostile partisans was^
removed. You sent me as your represen?
tative to the Fifty-first Congress?the
Hrsf Congress in the second century of
our Congressional life. Up to that time
we had been governed by rules which
even tinting the war. when the life of the
nation was at stake, were not changed.
Bui those rules by this last Congress have
been changed, our rights disregarded, and
our principles trampled upon. I believe
in progress, and I believe in departing
from the old laws, as laid down by our
fathers, when it is shown that they arc
wrong. Put there is little excuse for de?
parting from their construction of the
Constitution when, not only by the demo?
crats, but by the best republicans-of the
country, it is regarded as the wisest and
the best. The republican party, however. |
whatever their faults, do well in promis?
ing. Two years ago it promised to the
people of this country that if a republi?
can president and it republican Congress
were elected they would pass the Blair
bill, appropriating to the State of Vir?
ginia about $G,0U0,(HX). Virginia, however,
would have received more in proportion
than most of the republican States, and
though thai money was to have been ap?
propriated for the cause of education,
instead of passing it. the republican party
passed pension bills to take from us
money we might expend in the education J
of our children, for, in many eases, men i
who never showed their faces, in battle. I
And the taxation of the Federal government J
to support that, and other burdens, in- j
stead of being levied upon the property, 1
is every cent of it levied upon COIlSUmp- !
tion?upon what you cat and wear. Thus j
the poverty of this country is bearing
the burden, and the wealth goes com- 1
parativcly free. Men are piling up for-,!
limes mountain high, oil which they)
scarce pay a cent more of tax to the Fed- |
eral government than the poor man out of j
his poverty. With such a course.! have
no sympathy. This government was
founded upon the priciples of equal rights
to all, and if we depart from those princi?
ples, we depart from equity and justice.
So sure us you violate the law of man. or
the law of Cod, punishment will come; ;
and so is it if you violate the law of the
nation. My constituents may think that
1 should have supported the Bankrupt
bill. I did not support it because I never
intend to support a bill that docs not
protect debtor and creditor alike, and this
one to my mind is unjust upon the face of
it. It provides that a man who owes but
$"iQ(lcau be forced into bankruptcy against
his will. So with a man who allows an 1
attachment tobe levied upon his property,
and docs mir release it within thirty days,
if an execution was issued, and returned,
"No property found," the debtor, though
worth thousands of dollars, could be
forced info bankruptcy. Were it passed,
many of our most successful business men
cotdd be put into bankruptcy. I had some
experience with that business, for wb.cn 1
first came to the bar. the old Bankrupt
bill was in force, and I found that it was
one of those mills to which if a man took
his grist he might be thankful to get
?away with his sack, leaving its contents
for toll. Now, about the fa rill'. Some
people say that you cannot build up this
[.country without a high protective tariff.
Well, when the country made such won?
derful -Hides, under the old tariff, which
was 45 cents on the dollar, was it neces?
sary to raise it by the McKinley bill to ft)
cents on the dollar. The Republican party
said two years ago that the tariff needed
revision, and that when the Democratic
party should be out of power this should
be done. Whenever more is produced of
a thing than is used, the tariff does not
affect the price; but when the tariff is put
on those things more of which we use,
than we produce, then the price is in?
creased to nearly the extent of the dutv.
The promised revision of the tariff by
the republicans has resulted in a large in?
crease of rate on articles the prices of
which are affected, and which arc a neces?
sity to the poor as well as the rich, and it
is the consumer that has to pav the bur?
den. The present system of tariff reminds
one Of the art to be used in picking geese,
which consists in not taking loo big a
hunch at one time. When well done the
poor birds makes no fuss, but after the
pvrjoriuttnce he finds hin breast bare, as
it it bad been plucked out by handful!--.
Inapiteof the plucking, so'successfulh.
done by the republican purtv.this present
luugre,, has Squandered more than forty
million*-of dollars moro than lias boon
spent in years past, [f the surplus bad
not been increased under the administra?
tions of Aurthur and Cleveland, I do not
know what they would now do. It is right
for the government to tax the people lor
funds to run it economical!)', but when it
goes a notch beyond that it is committing
robbery. It has no right to tax one class
of people for the benefit of another; yet
this the republican party does, giving, for
example, to the sugar grower a bounty,
and giving t<? the manufacturer a tariff
which amounts to a bounty on his manu?
factures, while to deceive the farmer a
tax is put upon grain, and straw, the im?
portation of which articles amount to
nothing, and makes not a cent's difference
in the price of those articles. The gover
ernincnt has the power to do these tilings,
with disregard to the rights of the citi?
zens, not in justice and in equity but by
might. They say that the tariff protects
Jlhe laboring man, and raises his wages.
Init those wages arc determined simply
by the demand ami the supply, and if a
manufacturer protected by tin- tariff can
get foreign labor to work for him as
cheaply as they will work in their own
country, in nearly every instance will the
American be discharged and the for?
After having discussed freely and fully
the effects of the tariff bill, .Mr. Buchanan
passed on to the Lodge Force Election
This bill provides lor the supervision of
ail the congressional elections in this
country upon the application of a hundred
voters of a district. There has never
been a lime in the history of Wise county
that the people have not appointed Ihcir
own judges of election. But now the ap?
pointment of the commissioners, under
this bill, rests not even with a Virginian,
but with rludge Bond of Maryland, the
same judge who had General Avers put in
prison for upholding the law of Virginia.
Whenever people are governed at long
range they will surely be wronged, as our
forefathers found out over a hundred
years ago. When you have lost your local
sclf-govcrnmcnl you will have lost that
dearest and best to you. How does the
judge in Baltimore know whom to ap?
point in Wise county? He gains his in?
formation from Lynchburg. The super?
visor there, even if honest, may be
misinformed, and name corrupt men on
either side. 1 am here to speak id' that
measure as an American citizen, and not
for either party. After having dwelt at
length mi the ruinous features of the bill.
Mr. Buchanan continued: If you turn the
whole machinery of the election over to
cither party. 1 care not which it be. cor?
ruption is sure to follow, ami anyone who
will examine the bill will see that it never
was intended to be a true and an honest
one. Things are certainly in a bad shape,
if we cannot find three honest democrats
and three honest republicans in every
We are facing the dawn of a mighty
change, bringing wonderful developments
to this section, and. without internal
troubles, we shall make gigantic onward
strides. Shame be to the parly then thai
by the passage of so in famous a law tries
to crush to earth our newborn prosperity,
and to bring back the misfortunes which
dogged mir steps after the war.
Now. in conclusion, if you approve (d uty
course in Congress, if you are opposed to
the Lodge Force Election bill, if you arc
advocating the same things that 1 am,
and so are looking for the best interests
of this district, I not only ask for your
support; but for your earnest, hearty sup?
port: but if you are in favor of bankrupt
laws, of high pensions, of higher tariffs,
auk if you think that my opponent from
Pennsylvania can represent Virginians
better than I, then vote for him. and let
him represent your interests until you arc
IILAIXE IX Oil to.
He Makes a Stirring Appeal in Itehulf of
the TaritX-ltili Man?Nearly n
Punic in the (ialtery.
Cantos. Onto. Oct. ?-'!?.?Mr. Blainc ad?
dressed the republicans at this place on
Saturday evening. He said:
The contest that is now waging for the
membership of the next Congress is not
properly a contest between the republican
and democratic parties. It is a contest
between the protectionists and free?
traders. [Applause.] There are a few
free-traders among the republicans, and
there are many protectionists among the
democrats. [Applause.] It is a contest
that goes to the root of (he matter as to
national prosperity [applause], and on that
issue we should settle the question of home
interests.good wages and sound prosperity.
[Great applause.] As I was coming mit to
this place I found in a newspaper a speech
of Carl Sellin /, made a week ago in Boston,
and 1 may say with all candor an able
speech on the free-trade side. But. like
all free-traders, Schurz goes back for the
Golden Age for American prosperity to the
tariff ol I84C?a rather distant view back?
ward. [Laughter.] If he had taken the
position of the late Alexander Stephens,
of Georgia, he might have gone back still
further; because Mr. Stephens thought
the Golden Age of American prosperity
was when the British ships came over
laden with goods, anchored in the Savan?
nah river, and were laden with cotton from
the plantations for the return voyage.
A IIKTKOSI'KI Tl\ i: VIEW.
' I have so often heard of the great and
general prosperity under the tariff of
I84G that if you will bear with me I shall
say something of that period. Mr. Schurz
quotes me as saying?and that is why I
make a personal reply?that the ten years
between ISKi and 1850 under that tariff
were years of very great prosperity in
this country. 1 frankly repeat that those
years were years of great prosperity. Now
let me say why those years were prosper?
ous. That tariff of ISKi was approved
just about the time the Mexican war broke
out. and within less than a vcar more than
$J00,000,000 were disbursed by the gov?
ernment in all the branches of mechanism.
We had just made that expenditure when
the famine in Ireland called for every
surplus barrel of flour and bushel of grain
in the country. We had hardly trans?
ported that grain to the other side and
sold it at a high price when gold was dis?
covered in California and the world was
enriched with a vast output of the mines.
We had hardly put that gold in circula?
tion when the great revolution that began
in ISIS paralyzed the industrial energies
of all the European nations and gave the
United States a market that was unparal?
leled. Europe had hardly quieted revo?
lutionary disturbances when France and
England and Russia went into the Cri?
mean war, and for two years and a half
those great nations were paralyzed in
their industries. Now, there are four or
five of what vou might call accidents or
incidents of history that would have in?
sured great prosperity to this country if
there had not been a tariff of any kind
t If the duties, instead of being what the
tariff of LSlii made them, had only been 1
per cent. ad valorem, or if there had been
no duties, the-country would have been
prosperous. Now if vou can produce such
a convulsion in the world to-day, if you
can start a great faiuiue, if you cau dis
cover new gold fields, with unfold millions
thrown into flic lap of the people, if you
can have every nation in Europe disturbed
by a revolution, if you can have the three
nations in Europe go to war for two years
und a half, then we will quit tariffand go
to supplying the vacuum, which that con?
dition of things in Europe Would create.
In tlie Jail of 1856, when this tariff had
been underway for ten years, this great
war in Europe came to an end, and so did
all the prosperity under the tnriffof 184(5.'
You all remember what happened in
1857?one of the severest panics and de?
pressions this country ever encountered?
and as long as these accidental props,
these fori nitons happenings, these acci?
dental revolutions, the discoveries of
gold, and famine, as soon as they ceased,
prosperity under tlie tariff of l-^Ki ceased
also. Now 1 insist that we do not want
famines, we do not want to have thousands
of men slaughtered by war in order to keep
up a free-trade trade tariff and make it
look prosperous when it is not. [Laughter
Give us protective tariff and wc can get
along without slaughter or the starvation
of men; wc can make ourselves sustaining
with something beyond for the people that
need help from our abundance, and in con?
nection with the tariff of 1846 I call your
attention historically to two other tariffs
in addition to that?the only three tariffs
that the United States has ever had.
Suddenly lowering duties was the one
made after the war 181:2; the compromise
tariff of 18iW, and the one in 1846, and
every one of them led to business pros?
tration in tin's (.-01111117, which lasted in a
greater or less degree until there was a
protective tariff enacted. [Applause.]
TAIil KK TTCKLINll.
You never heard of free trade tariff
coming to the relief of the people. [Laugh?
ter.] The only three times that the peo?
ple of the United States tried free tariff
they fell into adversity until a protective
tariff came to the relief of the people.
Some people want us to let the protective
tariff go by in order to make the experi?
ment again. Well. 1 would like to sec
that experiment tried if only one or two
were to suffer, but it is a pretty hard thing
to take the dreadful and terrible chance of
prostrating the industries of the country
when there are 64,000,000 of mouths to be
fed. [Applause.] When the tariff of 1846
was enacted their were only 20,000,000 of
people in the country. We now have
64,000,000. Four years aft it the tariff
was enacted, according to the census of
the United States, we only had $7,000,
000,000 of property. We 'now have 64,
000,000 of people and $60,000,000,000 of
property. [Applause.] Gentlemen, you
cannot sport with that number of people
and with that mass of property. Wo can?
not experiment even at this time and haz?
ard the vast interests when wc could not
[nit the country where it stands to-day for
ten penitential years thereafter. [Ap?
plause/ .Mr. Schurz condemns the ef?
forts of Congress to secure a reciprocity
of trade with certain countries. [Laugh?
ter.] Free-traders have always been tell?
ing us that if wc would adopt their theory
we would have a new era in this country,
and on that form of statement I will not
differ from them. [Laughter.] I think
we would have a new era. Congress at its
last session concluded to adopt a new
policy. They looked at South America
and they found that wc arc receiving from
these people vast imports and exporting
little to them. The question was, Shall
v.c repeal the duty on sugar and give that
to South America in addition to the coffee
and hides and dye-woods and rubber and
other things from South America, and
shall we ask those men if we give you our
markets for a pound to let us enter theirs
fow a few shillings? [Applause.] Oh!
no, no. Mr. Schurz.: that won't do at all.
You must resort to free trade; but I would
like to ask Mr. Schurs before this Ohio
audience how free-trade is going to
let us into their markets with our pro?
ducts. We have been giving Hraz.il a
mar kef for their nearly sixty millions
of products and they were taking
from us seven or eight or nine mil?
lions. Now, suppose we declared ab?
solute free trade, how would that help us
with Brazil? They have not been buying
anything, and they do not let anything in
free. Thirty-six million dollars' worth of
coffee, fourteen to sixteen millions of rub?
ber, several millions of hides, and a great
many dye Stulls and wood of that kind,
all coming into tin- United States without
a shilling of duty. Hut we want to send
down there some Hour, some lumber, some
corn ami wheat, the products of the West
as well as of the East, and are not satis
lied as Illings were going. [Laughter.]
Well, wc went on and awakened'them to
the necessities of I he situation and wc
found that they feel just as we do, that
the two nations dealing with each Other
must deal as two men do with each oilier,
fairly, honestly, and liberally, so that the
advantage shall not always lie 011 the side
of one man or on the side of one nation.
[Applause.] Well, that was reciprocity.
I, is not a very complex problem. Mr.
Schurz, rather intimates that it is 11
strange way of getting at things. How
strangely mysterious reciprocity is! It is
just as strange and mysterious as when a
Starke county farmer brings a hundred
bushels of wheat to Canton, gets his
money for it. buys supplies for his fatuity
and goes back home. [Laughter.] That
is a mysterious process and very difficult
to understand, vet 1 am sure that Brazil
and all the South American States under?
stood it the moment it was mentioned.
Yet 1 am sure, and speak with great can?
dor, when J say that I believe we will
make a very favorable arrangement to
trade with South America. Take a coun?
try like Venezuela, of a large area but
small population, not more than two and
half to three millions. Tliev bring it*'
$10,400,000 worth of products, but how
much of that is taxed do you suppose at
the custom-house? Only $8,000 and every
cent except that escapes taxation. Wc
send them a good many things, but wc do
not send them one shilling's worth that is
not taxed by them. That is not fair, they
admit that it is not fair, and they are glad
and willing to right the matter and place
us cm reciprocal ground that will be to the
prosperity of this country and to the
prosperity of the oilier, because trade
that is one-sided like that cannot be con?
tinued forever. I have not seen an ap?
proval from any free-trade country of the
reciprocity idea that has stood the test for
three months. When reciprocity was first
suggested the free-traders, all or nearly
all, approved il. At that time they
thought it would divide the protectionists
in Congress, and they urged it very
earnestly so long as they thought there
would be some division and that it was a
dividing line that might obstruct the pro?
A SMOKT IMVEllSION.
Mr. Blnihc did not finish this paragraph,
as the crowd in the gallery ut his left hand
became excited and started half panic
stricken for the exit. Mr. Hlaine and
Minister i'hclps discovered at a quick
glance that the gallery was in no danger
of falling, and both shouted to tlie crowd
and waved their hands to reassure the ex?
cited throng. When quiet was restored,
Mr. Bl?tne resumed his remarks as follows:
"Now, ns,l was saying, those free-traders
thought they heard a little crack [cheers],
they thought that the republican party
would he stampeded. [Applause.] Now
republicans arc not frightened by a crack.
[Cheers.] As long as the free-traders
thought there would be a division in the
republican party they encouraged reci?
procity, but very soon they found that the
republican party was not in the habit of
having divisions in its ranks. [Cheers.]
The ranks closed up and the reciprocity
provision was adopted by a republican Con?
gress. [Cheers.] Just as soon as the
free-traders found that reciprocity could
not be used to divide the republican party
they were all against it [cheers],"every
one of them, and now (hey are repudiating
it, and telling you what a humbug it is,
and how little value there is in it, and
how small a result there will be to the
people of this country from it. It is never
wise to make a prediction before an event.
It is not wise for the free-traders to pro?
claim its failure at present. I don't pro?
pose to say anything about its success.
We are given a year in w hich to try it; let
us wait the year and see what can be done.
[Cheers.] I am not here to boast of it; I
am here to condemn the course of free?
traders who as long as it promised to di?
vide the protectionists were in favor of it,
but who are set against it the moment
they find the protectionists will not not
divide. [Cheers.] Your duty, gentlemen,
if I may suggest it, is to elect a protec?
tionist to Congress. [Cheers and Cries of
'We will.'] That is your interest; that is
the interest of every district in the coun?
try, and I appeal to this district because
of the interests at your door-sills and fire?
sides; I appeal to every man in Starke
county and the three other counties that
make up the district. But you have a spe?
cial reason; Congress has 'i'2') members.
It is a very great distinction to any man,
a distinction to the district represented,
and a distinction to the man himself, to
be placed at the head of the committee of
ways and means and to lead the House of
Representatives. [Cheers.] That is where
Thaddens Stephens stood eight years of
his life; that is where that great citizen
of Ohio, the lately deceased General Rob?
ert C. Schenck, stood for six years, and
that is where "William McKinley stands
now [uproarious cheering]; and I appeal
both to your interest and to your pride to
send him back again, that he may be use?
ful?not merely to this district, not to his
State alone?but to the people of the
United States." [Cheers.]
At the Academy of Music Mr. blainc
spoke as follows:
"I am not here to make a speech. Such
observations as I had to make I gave in a
speech at the other hall. I came here to
congratulate you on the victory that awaits
you here in Ohio. This is not a battle
between republicans and democrats; it is
a contest betwen protection and free
trade. Let us pull together for protection,
and with one more pull sweep from us free
trade, which has never been more active
than it is to-day. This district will not
do its duty if it does not return to Con?
gress the head man of the ways and means
committee, the leader of the House, Wil?
liam McKinley, jr."
A Good Suggestion.
(Ti> the Editor ?>f the IVst.)
A very important work for the trans?
portation committee of the Commercial
Club to take hold of at once is a good
wagon road over the mountain to Lctchcr
county, Kentucky. The merchants and
other citizens of Lctchcr and parts of
adjoining counties are clamoring for such
a road. It would bring a great deal of
trade to our merchants, and tonnage to
our railroads. The only way that Lctchcr
and parts of Harlan, Leslie. Perry and
Pike counties have to get goods in, and
their stock and produce out. at present, is
by a very bad route to Pinevillc, or Bar
boursville. This is by far their nearest
and best shipping point, if they only had
a passable wagon road over the Big Black
Capt. Bishop of the Interstate Tunnel
survey, tells me that he found an excel?
lent route for such a road, having a maxi?
mum grade of only five feet in the hundred,
and crossing the mountain at a point three
hundred feet lower than where the present
miserable road crosses. It can be engi?
neered and constructed at a small cost.
It would pass almost directly over the
great tunnel, leading up the "Wild-eat
branch of Callahan creek, and down upon
the Poor Fork of the Cumberland.
The citizens of Lctchcr say that they
will bring the road to the top of the
mountain on their side, if the people of
Big Stone Gap will only meet them there
with it. Capt. Taggart, of the Virginia
Coal & Iron Company, says that his com?
pany will make it through their lands up
Callahau. which is a large portion of the
distance. No doubt other large holders
of land along the line will join in the
The S. A. k 0. and the L. & X. ought to
contribute liberally. Two merchants here
have told me that they would each give
one hundred dollars to the enterprise. If
the question were agitated properly,
enough money could be raised with a
very little trouble to push the road
through. We now have a daily mail to
Whitesburgh, and with this road and a
telephone line there, thousands of dollars
of trade would pour in here annually that
now goes elsewhere, and many millions of
feet of valuable lumber would be sawed
and shipped that is new untouched.
Let the transportation committee take
hold and push this important matter
through^ R. T. I.
.Episcopal Church Services.
Big Stone Gap already has Baptist,
Methodist and Presbyterian church or
gani/.atizafions; and prominent members
of other Christian denominations are con?
templating organizing mission enterprises
in this promising field, which is sure to be
the center of a rapidly growing popula?
tion at no distant day. Among the bodies
already having this object in view is the
Protestant Episcopal church, and two of
its ablest clergymen in this section,
the Rev. Mr. Lloyd, of Abingdon, Va., and
the Rev. Mr. Funsten, will be here Mon?
day, the 17th of November, and will hold
services in the Baptist church.
The beautiful liturgy of the Episcopal
church, with the beauty of the service, as
well as the evangelical character of the
doctrines held by that church, commend
themselves to the attention of thoughtful
men and women; and there is no doubt
that in a few years this church will num?
ber its adherents here by the hundreds.
There are at pesent some twenty persons
here, we are informed, whose religious
affiliations arc with this denomination of
Dooming Iron Trade.
(Walt Street News;)
According to the officers of the Thomas Iron Cora
pany, the outlook for the iron and steel trades Is most
encouraging. There is no ditllculty In obtaining the
highest priced, and new buBiuess Is bel?g refused at a
number ot the mills, for the simple reason that orders
which were booked in the early spring are of sufficient
amount to keep the Iron makers busy und the mill
bauds fully employed until lau end ot the year.
Kror. N. S. Shnler, Professor of Phyiloal
Science* at Harvard University
Writer an IntcreHtlng Ar?
ticle on the Subject.
PATROL K I" M AND NATURAL OAS.
(From Scribner'H Mnicuzine.)
In the mountainous portion of these
States of the Virginia group wc have an
abundance of mineral wealth, the search
for which has ltiit begun. Gold, iron, cop?
per, zinc, and various other substances of
economic importance abound in the up?
land portion of this area, while the low?
land parts have as yet afforded but small
supplies of such materials, phosphates
being the only geologic element of any
importance. It is evident, therefore, that
the plain land region of this district is to
develop purely agricultural industries,
while the upland section, by its admirable
combination of soil, noble forests and
mineral resources, is to have more varied
industries, and therefore a 'more diversi?
Although within the above mentioned
Slates the resources of fossil fuel arc lim?
ited, we find, immediately on the west of
the district, and everywhere convenient to
it, the vast coal measures of Tennessee,
Kentucky, and West Virginia fields, which
afford bituminous coals quite equal to
those which have been the foundations of
the commercial industries of Great Brit?
ain. Thus, this region of Southern up?
lands has in its soil, its forests, and its
mineral resources, a combination of ad?
vantages perhaps greater than those of
any other equal area in the world. In
addition to these favoring conditions the
region possesses an admirable climate.
In winter the temperature falls low enough
to insure the preservation of bodily vigor;
in Flimmer the heat is less ardent than
in the lower-lying regions of the New
England and New York group of States.
In the Virginia section we find a climate
resembling in its range of temperatures
those which characterize the most favored
regions of the Old World, and it is there
perhaps we may look for the preservation
of our race's best characteristics.
As the geological strata of the Ohio
Valley vary greatly in their mineral con?
stitution, the soils derived from them arc
naturally divided into a good many classes.
Thus we have in Kentucky and Tennessee
a wide range of Silurian limestone, which
by their decay affords soils of extraordi?
nary fertility, those which give character
to the well-known blue-grass district. It
is worth while to note in passing that this
singular richness of the earth is due to
the fact that in these limestones there are
certain thin layers composed almost alto?
gether of the remains'of minute creatures
which hail the peculiarity of taking lime
phosphate from the sea and building it at
their death in the poposits formed on the
old sea-floors. When elevated into land
and subjected to the process of decay,
these rocks afford, under the action of the
atmosphere, soils of great fertility; so we
see that the fruit fulness of our fields may
depeud upon the nature of organic beings
in the remotest past.
Throughout the Ohio Valley, except
along the margins of the streams where
the soil has been brought to its lesting
plaee by flood waters, we find everywhere
sharp contrasts in the fertility of the soil.
Already, although the historv of the
country extends back for but a century,
we perceive very clearly that these natu?
ral differences have been of great impor?
tance in differentiating the people. There
is no greater contrast in any country be?
tween neighboring people of the same
blood than that which exists between the
so-called mountaineers of eastern Ken?
tucky, who occupy the soil of sandy car?
boniferous beds, and those who dwell in
the rich grass country of the central dis?
trict of the commonwealth. The fertile
soil of the limestone region has given
abundant wealth to the inhabitants of
that region; wealth has brought culture
and all the circumstances of a high civil?
ization. The sandy soil giving little to
tillage, the people have remained poor;
their contracts with the world have
been slight, ami they yet abide by their
customs ami intellectual development in
the conditions of the eighteenth century.
It is worth while to go one step
further and to note the effect of these
diversities induced by differences of soil.
When, in 1861, it was to be determined
whether Kentucky should go with the
South or North, the question turned in
the main on the occupations of the pop?
ulation. Where the soils were rich the
plantation system was possible, the slave
element was large, and in general the
voice of the people was for union with
the South. Where the soils were thin
the people had no interest in slavery, for
they owned no negroes. Old frictions
with the slave-holding portions of the
State existed, and consequently the peo?
ple of this sterile land were generally de?
voted to the Union. A soil map of Ken?
tucky would in a rude way serve us a chart
of the politics of the people in this crisis
in the nation's historv. If Kentucky
possessed a soil altogether derived from
limestone, there is no question but that
it would have cast in its lot with the
The mineral resources of the Ohio Val?
ley have a somewhat singular distribution.
From western Alabama around to the
headwaters of the Ohio in Pennsylvania,
wc have a continuous belt of country
abounding in coal and iron. Nowhere in
the world, so far as it has been explored,
is there any region of equal extent where
these two substances, both of the first im?
portance to man, each requiring the other
for its most important uses, aregrograph
ieully so united. In the western part or
the Ohio Valley, and separated from this
eastern and southern section by a wide in?
terval of fertile lands, lies the western
coal fields, extending from central Ken?
tucky to central Indiana and Illinois.
Taken as a whole, the area of the Ohio
Valley has a more perfect association of
fuel and iron resources together with
those which are afforded by a fertile soil
than any other part of the world.
In addition to the supply of energy con?
tained in the coal beds tributary to this
district there arc two other sources of
power accessible to the inhabitants of this
valley?petroleum and natural gas. The
deposits of petroleum appear to be iu the
main limited to a field occupying a por?
tion of western Pennsylvania, western
Virginia, and eastern Ohio, and to another
smaller and less important district on the
waters of the Cumberland River near the
point where it crosses the division be?
tween Kentucky and Tennessee. Although
the quantity of petroleum accessible at
any one point iu this valley appears to be
much less than that which can be obtained
in the famous Caspian or Baiku field, the
district is probably, all things considered,
the most extensive source of supply of this
substance which the world is likely to
afford. The natural gus of the Ohio Val?
ley appears to be far move considerable
in quantity than that contained within
any other equal area. Thus in this district
wc have, three known sources of valuable
subterranean energy?coal, petroleum,and
natural gaB?in more advantageous con?
dition*, as regards quantity and nearness
to fertile agricultural areas, than in any
other region of the world.
We thus see that the Ohio group of
States has, from the point of view of It*
resources, singular advantages over any
other part of the continent for the main?
tenance of a vast population engaged in
industries, both those of the soil and those
of the shop. Within a century the area
occupied by these States is likely to con?
tain a larger population than that which
uow exists in all English-speaking coun?
tries. Although this population is des?
tined to be to a great extent engaged in
mining and manufacturing, there is room
in this country for an agricultural people
exceeding in numbers the present popu?
lation of the United States; for, as before
remarked, there is hardly any untillablc
land in its area, and except for the limita?
tions which the necessary preservation of
the forests put upon the extension of the
tilled fields, ninety-eight hundredths of
its area can be won to husbandry.
Mr. Mills has His Say.
Hon. Gco. T. Mills, the republican nom?
inee for Congress, accompanied by Maj.
Wood, were here last Saturday, stirring
up their republican friends, and now and
then striking a democrat. Maj. Wood was
heard to say on one occasion: "Wc should
lay aside all prejudices, and look at the
matter from a business standpoint. We
want the man to represent us who has our
interests at heart. Mr. Mills would do
more for the development and progress of
this section, the building up of your city,
and cause more Northern capital to be
invested here than any man that could be
elected in the district, because he is ac?
quainted with many of the Northern cap?
italists, and they have confidence in him,
knowing his business integrity and quali
cations." Mr. Mills, in speaking to a
prominent republican, expressed himself
as being confident that he would win in
the coming contest. He said, "I have
been over nearly the whole of the district,
and have estimated my majority at abou
UtlO, outside of this and Lee counties.
Unless the people in these two counties
go back on me, and that majority is over?
come, I will bo elected. 1 am well pleased
with the prospects here, and nm not much
afraid of this county." He seemed well
satisfied with the result of his canvass
here, and left Saturday evening in good
TORN IN TWAIN.
The Tariff Question Nearly liaises a Row
Among the Democracy of New York.
New Vouk, Oct.30.?At a large meeting
of the county democracy at Cooper Insti?
tute last night the tariff question was in?
troduced and it came near breaking up
On the stage were a number of big guns,
including W. It. Grace, (Jen. Newton,
Charles J. Canda and Jimmy O'Brien.
W. T. Croasdalc was one of the speakers,
and in the midst of his speech he com?
menced a discussion of the tariff.
"Protection," he exclaimed, as the cli?
max of a raid upon the McKinley bill, "is
There was a burst of applause, instantly
followed by hisses. The people who ap?
plauded at once applauded again, and the
iiisscrs took breath and returned the
salute. Mr. Croasdalc stopped, aston?
ished, and looked over the hall. It seemed
to be divided into two factions, which con?
tinued to hiss and cheer with a will.
"Give us local politics!" yelled a voice.
"Down with low tariff!"
"Take that man off!"
Mr. Croasdalc turned to Mr. Grace, who
was sitting twirling his thumbs uneasily
and talked loudly, but he couldn't be
heard for the disorder.
"Three cheers for Croasdalc!" yelled a
"Down with low tariff!" yelled others.
"Give us Scott and let the tariff alone!"
By this time half the people in the room
were on their feet, and several ladies got
up and left the hall. Police Captain Mc
Cullagb, the elder, who was in charge of
the police force present, hurried up in
front and rapped sharply on a chair with
his night stick.
"This thing has got to stop," he shouted
vigorously. "Sit down and be quiet,
The meeting quieted, and Mr. Grace
came to the desk and said in a quiet
"Gentlemen, Mr. Croasdalc is only
going to speak a few words more. It was
deemed wise to devote a few minutes of
the meeting to Federal politics, and he
will soon be through. Every man is en?
titled to a hearing in this country, you
Mr.Croasdalc came forward and shouted:
"I was invited to this meeting as a
democrat, and, by the Lord, I will not bo
shut up. I have heard enough to dis?
cover that you have found out what a
fraud, what a delusion, what a snare pro?
tection is, and-"
This time the whole meeting stood up,
and, as Mr. Croasdalc retired, there was
a tumult of mingled cheers and hisses.
There was an attempt made on the
platform to divert the storm by proposing
cheers for Scott and Goff, but it did not
stop the commotion.
The Industrial Committee of the Com?
mercial Club will meet immediately after
adjournment of the club to-night and
effect a permamcnt organization,appoint
sub-committees and discuss plans gener?
ally. H. T. Iuvi.nk, Chairman.
Chicauo, Oct. 28.?An eveniug paper publishes a
scusalionul dispatch from Ciuciuuall which nay* that
among the many rumors floating around is one to the
effect that nouie of the stock of (be Baltimore and
Ohio Southwestern hus fallen into the hands of
the Bricc-Tbonjos people, and tbat the latter are
noiking Ktreuuous efforts to secure enough of the
stock to give them a controlling interest in the line,
with a view to consolidating it wltb the East Tennes?
see, Virginia ? Georgia system, and claltus that some
of the stockholders of the Baltimore A Ohio South?
western favor the scheme, but the majority are op?
posed aud are taking steps to prevent its consumma?
The Inter-State Tunnel.
The inter-State Tunnel Railway Company organized
at noon to-day at Fourth and Main by electiug lb*
U. C. McDowell, John K. Green, St. John Boyle, J.
W. Goulbcrr, V. ?. Carley, T. W. Spindle, K. T. Ual
s?y, John R. l"rocter. Arthur Cory.
Officers: 11. C. McDowell, president; St. John Boyle,
vlcc-prcsldeut; T. W. Spindle, secretary; Columbia
Fluojice and Trust Company, treasurer.
The object of the company is to construct tunnels la
the neighborhood of Big Stone (Up.
Shot In the Neck.
Bristol, TVsx., Oct. 29.?Jim Godsey ?bot Paul
Richter through the neck on Tue-day in a house ot
lll-fauie. Richter wo? attempting to kill Mm with a
knife. The trouble arose over a woman* Godsey U