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title: 'The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, December 12, 1890, Image 1',
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COMMERCIAL CU B.
K. nort of Committee* and Some IMacua
sioii of tin' Advertising Quoatlon.
SEVERAL SUGGESTIONS MADE.
The Commercial Club met on Monday
night, as was announced :>t last meeting, I
with quite a large crowd in attendance, j
The sccrctarv was absent aud the read
Inj. 0f the minute* of the last meeting
waa dispensed with. Very few of "thcl
committees had anj definite report to
make, and most of the tttne was spent in
discussing the advertising question.
Mr .loshna F. Nullit I. chairman <>f the
committee appointed to look after the
erection of a club building, reported that
the committee had not yet held a meeting,
hut that he was in communication wilh a i
?. :.. V/.n Yorl' ??: t v w!io had
gentli man in 1 ,M i
promi to aid him i- the natter, and j
thinks he -Tri Ik abb to raise the entire
t?im for !>? erection ol such a building in !
>,* York alone. He said the committee ;
would pet together and formulate some j
definite plan in regard to the matter as!
roon a>- possible.
^r ^proles of the Advertising commit-I
tee stated thai committee had met ami
discussed the subject of advertising, but
were waiting on the finance committee be- j
fore taking anv definite steps in the mat- J
5|r. John Fox, of thcjtcception com- |
nut tee, reported that cards were being
printed containing the names of the vnri- j
ri.?i- committees,and would soon be ready j
for distribution. Mr. J. W. Fox, sr., was
added to the committee.
Several letters were read by the secre?
tary from Mr. Uussell, of Florence. Ala.,
in regard to ti.< advisability of locating a j
handle factor; at ihis place. Mr. Uussell ?
r ill i?. he.n the .12th to inspect the j
timber and location.
A letter was also read from Mr. Watson, ]
of Ashcvillc, N. C. extending a special
invitation t" nu tubers of the club to visit
that eil) during the immigration coiivcn-j
tion, which begins on Ihc 17th iitsl. niul
continues to the ?5th. '?n motion a com
mittcc of three, with the president as ex- J
officio chairman, was appointed to repre?
sent Stone t ? n]? at the convention.
The following were appointed mi the com- j
mittcc: W. S. I'aimer. John Fox and V. E.
.Indue Maun reported that he had been
carrying on further correspondence with
the gentleman whom he had been ne?
gotiating with for some lime in regard to |
local inc. sash, < 1 ? ?< ? i- and blind factory at
this place, with prospects of favorable
Mr. W. A. McDowell stated thai he had j
been requested to say ii> the committee oh
Transportation that if they would write to
Mr. James Fox, of New ^ ork, in regard to
the freight rates On the S. A.\ he
mighl he able, while there, to relieve them
of the grievances occasioned by the man?
agement of that road, as he would see
some of the officials in thai city.
While - ii iti<' subject of high freight
rates charged by the S. A. & <>.. Mr. C. il.
Hcrrymati spoke of a gentleman lu re w ho
was over t" Bristol a few days ago trying
to gel ii car to ship sunn- goods out to this
place. The company at first asked him
,'i:i cts per hundred, but after some effort he
secured ii for S cts. Mr. Bullitl suggested
that another man be added to the Trans?
portation committee.as Mr. McDowell, the !
chairman, was absent and would In- for
Mi. Mathen ? >! the Grievance commit-]
leu said their chairman had nev er called
i hem together, and they hardly knew how I
to proceed. In- thought that one of the
most striking grievances at present was !
the condition of the streets, and suggested
that a fcrrv-boal line be established at
the principal crossings. He asked Ihc
various committees to report to him any j
grievance that might come to their notice,
and ihej would gladly give their attention
t" i lie matter.
Mi. .lames Fox, sr. in speaking of a
conversation !?, had a fen days ago w ith |
Mr. Taggert stated that Mr. Tagger! in-|
formed him he could furnish coal to the
general consumers at this place at $1.15
to $1 v.'. [ii . tun ,,?,| Cokc :.,| $0.00 [u r ton.
and thai i, had offered one 'manufacturer
coal d. livered ai tin- depot at one dollar
per ton ami coke at two dollars. He said
the reason they could furnish the coke so
cheap aas utih accounted for by the large
number of ovchs thev would have in oper?
ation. Ik- also staled thai they were
pushing tin construction of the ovens as
fast as possibh . and would be rcadv to
-!ii;. coke out Uy the time tin- I.. & X.
branch line reached the works.
I'll UtVrilTISIN'O QITKSTIO.V.
Mr. W. i: Harris of the Advertising j
?i?inutcc made a lengthv speech on the
"nP?i-i?nce.ol advertising, and favored
very strongly the plan ..do,.led bv Mr. i
1 ??l?itt in advertising Florence. II?' '
" 1is one of the most important ;
""utters this club has to consider. We j
have heeii considering the plan ol assess- !
ingthe property-holders, that are outside j
|ne companies. Everv man who owns a1
M '" :' ? "Bill t- be williug to give his
pro-rata | a|l| verv Uiwh Jn fa?r
"! Ml Colquitfs plan of udvcrtisihi,
,0tt"*. *l?ch is h, traveling throng;, the
country, writing tli. in the best papers,
seeing the ,,. ? , a,?] gtirritij* up some
Bijilnisiasm. Ue succeeded adn.irabh in
advertising Kiorencc i:. this wav. and al
??"gli Hie financial crisis has hindered
growth :? some extent thev have made
remarkable progress . Anothergood wav.
?\}** : veri successful to M\u
'' * '' 1 know of is \> establish agen
P??eiple cities in the Fast,
lit ?g?ts working for the town,
j " 1 lio n, a comiuissiou on ail the propcr
Sae/ s gd 'atorc8'*d ??-?he
!'"',"' > a:v Wv g?? to work on some such
oh77",! a;h|\rl?ing, and appoint nsule
I '?, 10 '? the spring, and have
'"" ?Hems in (!?? citicH workiuj! ud the
2UVx',,,irk'''? result will 5 nur'
Li,,,,, ??y come with his steel
,'" V"'":1 I"M unless wead
ttl^in t^t"!?* di*aS???J ""I. Mr. Har
I T\ PlaB of ^vertising
^'"??'??"??rmelhods that bv the time
i''. "^"'^""'"emi.hteome in at
let I in., l "r"" of udverrising and
lliikei ii i'm ?ree Mr. Fox, but it
tue that ?e ghomd give more attctt
lion to the securing of manufacturers.
Tin's will give more permanency to thc
town, and in the long run would l>c decid?
edly more beneficial to those of us who;
have come here to stay. I think however
that Mr.Colquitt's plan is a good one, and j
would suggest thai some of the members
of the club communicate with him in re-j
gard t<> the matter. Also that we obtain
from some of our friends at Middlosbohi
information re^anlinf; their trip on
wheels, the cost of such a trip. While I
do not believe in advertising a town for
the purpose of making a great boom, WC
imi-t let the world know of our resources.
A RAI' KU CM Tilt I'ltKSIOKNT.
Before adjournment the president called j
attention to the fact that many of the
committees were not doing their duly,
matters of importance had been in their
hands for weeks anil yet they wore not j
prepared lo make reports. Some of the
committees hud never been called togeth?
er. The chairmen of some of the commit?
tees though in the city, were not in at?
tendance. If wo are coin;.' to have a
commercial club let us discharge the da
ties it imposes. All admit it is a valuable
organization and may be made far more
valuable than it is. yet persons whose en?
tire fortunes arc involved in the progress
of tho city do not try to render it more
effective by punctually attending its
meeting and performing the duties a^
signed them. Both officers and chairmen
nt committees should discharge tlmse
duties or resign.
COALITION KOK Pit?12 KILVER.
It is Said the Stivcrltcn In Itotli Parties
Will t'nito for tree Silver uikI the
Defeat or Ilm Force Hill.
Washington. Dee. II.?The silver men
among the Republicans of the Senate
have been trying lo make some agreement
with relation to a Federal election hill
which will secure the passage of a free
conage bill through both Houses of Con?
gress. As Partisans they prefer thai
agreement should be with members of
their own party, but it is not improbable
that if they can not get what they want in
any other way they will combine against
the election bill. One thing (hey arc alive
to is the fact that the success of their
owu measure depends upon their making
terms before the election bill is disposed
of. They will probably have no difficulty
in making an ngrccmcnt with their party
leaders t<> permit a coinage bill to come to
a vote in the Senate, but it would be
blocked in the House. What they insist
on is that it shall have n fair show in both
houses. They will not agree to anything
being done until they pet some such as?
surance. This is said lo be one reason
why no attempt has been made to change
the rules of the Senate, though it was
contemplated that it would be done at
nin e. If it can be made to appear that a
change of rules is necessary to the pas?
sage of the silvcr'bill, the silver men will
probably vote for the change,hill for it to
so appear there will have to be some as?
surance that the bill will be taken up
after the rules haw been changed.
Leading silver Senators said to-day
that they would amend the Ten Com?
mandments if necessary to secure the pas?
sage of the silver bill. Hut the difficulty
is that no pledges can be got from the
lenders of the House that the bill will be
allowed a chance for consideration there.
In fad. it may be said with COlldsiderahlc
positiveness Hint there will be no time for
consideration of any silver bill in the
House this session unless silver men force
it in spile of the leaders. The situation
has lead to combinations between demo?
crats and silver republicans in the Senate.
THE PARNEI.L KOW.
Exciting Incident at tlx- Conference of ilia
Lonpox, Dec, Hb?An exciting incident
arose from Darnell's refusal to put Abra?
ham's motion. As a written resolution
to the same cfl'ecl was being handed in by
.litslin McCarthy, Parnell leaned across
the table, struck McCarthy's hand, seized
the resolution, and lore it to picccsv
.lustiu Hutitley McCarthy, a son of Justin
McCarthy, rose from his seal ami de?
nounced I'arnell as the insulter of his
father and an enemy to his country. He
declared that lie had hitherto acted with
I'arnell, but henceforth he would repu?
diate him. The defection of the younger
McCarthy has raised the total number of I
aiiti-I'arncllits to forty-live.
The opponents of I'arnell who withdrew
met immediately in another room, elected
Justin McCarthy chairman and unani?
mously adopted the following resolutions:
We, members of tin- Irish Parliamentary
party, solemnly renew our adlicssiou to
the principle, in devotion to which w<
have never wavered, that the Irish part;
is and always must remain independent of
all other parties.
Furtltcr we declare that we will nevei
entertain any proposal lor settlement of |
the home-rule question except such as
satisfies the aspirations of the Irish party
and the Irish people.
'the resolutions were proposed by Timo?
thy Hculy ami seconded by Sexton. The
result was immediately communicated to
Gladstone. Upon learning what, had been
done Mr. Gladstone exclaimed: "Thank
Cod! Home rule is saved."
After tin' withdrawal of McCarthy and
the other nnti-Parncll members the sup?
porters of I'arnell adopted resolutions
expressing regret at Mr. Gladstone's re?
fusal to state his views on the questions
submitted to him and then ratified tin
election of I'arnell as chairman.
Mr. O'Connor made a long and violent
speech, into which Mr. I'arnell interjected
approving cries ot his own. Mr. O'Con
ner's powerful voice was frequently drown?
ed bj the furious opposition of the nnti
Purucllitcs and by the vehement counter
clamor of Mr. Parncl's friends. Dr. Ken?
ny seconded the resolution. Mr. Parnell
in speaking to this amendment delivered
an cpitheticttl rejoinder to Mr. Gladstone's
letter, and in the course of his speech
?'Who is the master of Ireland? (Hud
Mr. Healy (dtylv)?Who is to be the
mistress of Ireland. [Uproar and cheers
and counter cheers.]
Mr. I'arnell (rising excitedly)?You arc
a low. cowardly scoundrel to speak of u
lady in that way before a body of Irish
Loud contending cheers followed this
retort, and it was several minutes before
order could be restored moinentarially.
Mr. Parnell at the time was blue with
passion, and Mr. Healy sat calm and uir
ruffed. The member from Cork continued
a speech remarkable for its varying emo?
South Carolina Senatorial Election.
CoLVMBM, S. C, Dec. 9.?The ballot in the
two Houses today for the successor to Senator
Wade Hampton,'resulted?Irby 55, Donaldson
?18, Hampton 15. Another ballot will be taken
tomorrow. Irby is Tillmau's lieutenant and
Donaldson is the Alliance candidate. Hamp?
ton stands upon the platform that he will ad?
vocate auy plan that is beneficial to the far?
Four Things Done Heat by Hand.
(Front the Sc?uin KnlerprW.)
MekliiK cotton, coupling cam. milking cows, and
spuukliiK babies are tour branches ot industry with
which the inventive genius Ot the American people
has long struggled In vain.
THE THIRD PARTY.
Now Political Organization Formed
Out of the Farmers' Alliance ami
the Lahor Klement.
jTHE FARMERS PLATFORM.
(Ocala, Kin., Special.)
The Citizens' Alliance perfected a na?
tional Organization here to-day. This
body, as has already been explained in
lln se despatches, is designed lo supple?
ment the Farmers' Alliance, and to be?
come in a sense its political weapon. Its
pnrposcs, in fact, are solely political. Its
membership is restricted only by endorse?
ment of the >t. Louis and Ocnln platforms.
Its subordinate alliances will he organ
ize<l only in cities,towns, and incorporated
villages, in order not to encroach too
much on the territory of the Farmers'!
Allancc. Representatives of the Citizens'
Allancc to-day organized by choice of the
following officers: President, J. I). Holden,
of Kansas: secretary. Ralph Beaumont, of
New York; treasurer, I.. 1'. Wild, of:
The declaration of principle? accepted
set.- forth that the organization is formed
for the purpose of co-operating with the
Farmers' Alliance, the Knights of Labor,
and other orders in the support of the St.
Louis platform, "and to this end the or?
ganization is political in its nature."
The officers include those mentioned
anil an executive committee of one from
each State and Territory. These w ill open
headquarters in Washington, and will
publish there a weekly paper which will be
sent to each member of the order. Char?
ters will he furnished to subordinate
bodies on application of five or more
Fach local alliance shall be the judge
of the qualifications of"Sts members, and
each member must pledge himself to sup?
port the St. Louis agreement and not to
vote for any person or party which does
not endorse the same. Joint conventions
in cities, towns, counties, and States shall
be held with representatives of the. Farm?
ers' Alliance, and the KllightS of Labor.
Local branches arc forbidden to make any
coalition with either of the old parties in
any State or local campaign.. It is dc
clared that the present national organiza?
tion is temporary, and that as soon as the
order is organized in a majority of the
Stales full national conventions shall be
held to revise it.
Holden, who is chosen president of the
order, is a business man of Emporin,Kan.
He has been an active Citizens' Alliance
man in the recent Kansas campaign, but
he wtis not in politics before. He is about
?HI years old, and he has written several
pamphlets oh financial questions which
have been circulated as campaign litera?
Ralph Beaumont w as formerly chairman
of the legislative committee of the
Knights of Labor, and he has been sta?
tioned at Washington during the sessions
of Congress for the past five years. Wild,
the treasurer, keeps a book store on Sev?
enth street in Washington. He is a
Kliighl of Labor, and has been an active
third party advocate for some time.
The representatives of the alliance ex?
changes throughout the country formed
an important national organization to?
day. The figures submitted by the State
managers of the exchanges showed that a
business aggregating more than ten mil?
lions was done by them the past year.
Contracts have been made here this week
with representatives of manufacturers
who have come here for the purchase of
more than fourteen million dollars' worth
of goods during the coming year. The
State managers organized with J. Ii.
Dines, of St. Louis, president; W. L.
Peck, of Atlanta, vice-president; Oswald
Wilson, of New York, secretary, and J. K.
House. <>f Kansas City, treasurer.
It was decided to adopt the Georgia sys?
tem of doing business throughout the
country. The Alliance Exchange in that
Stale does practically a cash brokerage
business. Contracts are made with man?
ufacturers for supplying staple articles ol
farm consumption at a liberal reduction,
averaging 25 per cent.
Sii ii is said members of the alliance
ordering goods must send cash or sight
drafts. The small capital necessary in
Georgia to do business in this way, sonic
$~m),(KM), was raised by subscription in the
The brokerage fee charged is now be?
tween and "i'.j per cent, ami it is be?
lieved this can be reduced. The alliance
people saj I hey are now furnishing fanners,
tor $I!L machines lor which Ihcy formerly
paid $?>?*>. Georgia uses :KlO,(IO0 tons of
fertilizer annually, and the exchanges ex?
pect to furnish the bulk of this at greatly
reduced prices hereafter. The new asso?
ciation appointed a committee to deal with
the distributions of principal farm pro?
ducts. T. A. Clayton, of New Orleans, is
chairman of the cotton committee. The
members of this committee will go to
Europe, ami endeavor to arrange for the
sale of cotton there direct to the ex?
The Colored Alliance finished its work
at noon to-day and adjourned sine die.
They re-adopted the St. Louis platform
without amendment. Their action upon
the third party question was interesting.
They decided not to deal with it officially,
but all the delegates, with tin- exception
of those from Georgia, signed the call for
a third party conference to be held at
Cincinnati, February ?3rd.
tiik alliance on finances,
Oca la, Dec. 10.? Early in the forenoon
session of the alliance the financial policy
of the order came up for discussion under
a report of the committee on legislation.
This report is the financial policy and the
following are. the demands:
1. We. demand the abolition of national
batiks. We demand that the government
shall establish sub-treasuries or deposi?
tories in the several States which shall
loan money direct to the people at a low
rute of interest, not to exceed '2 per cent
per annum, on non-perishable farm pro?
ducts and upon real estate with a proper
limit on the proportion of the land and
the amount of money. We demand that
the amount of circulating medium be
speedily increased to nut less than $'>0 per
We demand that Congress pass such
laws as shall effectually prevent dealing
in futures of all agricultural and mechan?
ical productions, preserving a stringent
system of proceedure in trial, such as
shall secure prompt conviction and the
imposition of such penalties as shall most
reduce the evil.
.'I. We condemn the silver bill recently
passed by Congress and demand in lieu
thereof the free and unlimited coinage of
4. We demand the pnssage of laws
preventing alien ownership of land, and
that Congress take prompt action to de?
vise some plan to obtain all lands now
owned by aliens and foreign corporations,
and that all lands now held by railroads
and othor corporations in excess of such
as is actually used und needed by them be
reclaimed by the government and held for
actual settlers only.
5. Believing in the doctrine of equal
rights to all and special privileges to none,
(to demand that our national legislation
Iio bo framed in the future as not to build
up one industry at the expense of another.
We further demand the rcmovnl of the
existing heavy tariff tax from the neces?
saries of life that the poor of our land
must have. We further, demand a just
and equitable system of graduated tax on
incomes. We bolicvc the money of the
country should be kept as much as possi?
ble in t he hnnds or the people, and hence
demand that all national rights be limited
to the necessary expenses of the govern?
ment economically and honestly adminis?
6. We demand rigid, honest and just
State and national governmental control
and supervision uf the mctinj of public
communication and transportation, and if
this control and supervision docs not re?
move the abuses now existing we demand
governmental ownership of such means of
communication and transportation. A
spirited debate followed, and the intro?
duction nf this report, at the beginning
of which President Polk reminded the
members of the restriction nf fivs minutes
placed upon all speech-making by r. reso?
lution pre viously adopted.
CHARGES AGAINST Jl'DGE .JONES.
Statement from the People of <Uf?d?TllIe
Denouncing False Charges Against the
.itifltrs) of Dickinson County
Gladkvillk, Dee. 11th, 1890.
To the l'coph of thit County:
We, the undersigned have heard from
various sources, that several persons who
are pecuniarily interested in the town of
Tacoma, have been charging that we, or
I some, of the people of Glndevillc had suc?
ceeded in preventing Judge H. M. Jones,
of Dickcnson county, from coming to
Wise and ordering the election at the last
term of court by bribery, that is by giving
him. Judge Jones, five hundred dollars
($500.00) not to come. This charge we
pronounce absolutely and unqualifiedly
false. And in order to vindicate our?
selves ns well ns Judge Jones we give be?
low a written statement from Judge Jones
which explains itself. The original of
said statement is in the hands of Bullitt
k McDowell, at Dig Stone Gap, andean be
seen by any one desiring to inspect the
same. We arc also satisfied, from our
knowlege of the high standing of Judge
Ward that he never sent any such tele?
gram as Mr. Colly said he did.
S. N. Taylor, Gen. W. Fraley.
Jno. A. Maun, J. ('. farter,
.lohn Wheatny. .1. 0. Johnson,
J. K. Lipps, J. C. Kichmnnd,
K. P. Brune, C. F. Flanarv,
T. M. Alderson. IL II. Dotson,
J. A. Hale. E. M. Fulton,
0. M. Vicars, Sntn'l Crecpt,
Harvcv Barnev, W. II. Dotson,
Milburn Gillia'm, R. M. Hytnn.
James Ken fro.
JVnOK JONGS* RTATBMKNT.
It being now well known that 1 refused
to go to Wise comity and hold Judge Mil?
ler's court, at which it was intended, ns I
am and was informed, to present a peti?
tion for an election on the county site
question, now being agitated in said
county, and my Hction in so refusing being
criticised by the Tacoma people, ns 1 am
informed, and being desirous that the
people of Wise county should know the
exact reason why 1 did not go, 1 have
thought it right, in justice to myself ns
well ns to those who oppose the removal,
to make this statement:
In the first place, I received a very kind
letter from Judge Miller, asking me to
come and hold a part of his term and pass
on the county site matter. 1 declined to
go, nt first, thinking it wn6 a mere local
matter, but on reflection had about come
to the conclusion, that perhaps 1 ought to J
go and probably would have gone, but for
the facfctba.t one J. S. Colly, of Clintwood, \
who had just returned from Tacoma, un?
dertook, as I thought, to influence my]
opinion in the matter by an offer of money.
Said Collev urged tue very strongly lo go,
and said that Judge Ward, of Washington
county, had telegraphed the Tacoma
people that he would come and order
the election for two hundred dollars,
but they would rather I should have the
money, thai he was authorized by the
Tacoma people to give me three hundred
dollars which would be paid nie ns soon as I
I got to Gladcvillc. I of course felt Tcry
indignant that the Tacoma people should
attempt in any way to influence my opinion
in the matter and then and there per?
emptorily declined to go.
1 wish to ?ay further t hat those opposed!
to removal have never in an improper
manner talked with me about the matter. I
but simply asked me to consider whether
in this mere local matter I felt it my duty
to go, saying at the same time tlint if I
did feel .it my duty to go that they could
not ?ml would not Manie me for so doing.
H. M. Jon Ks.
Judge Dickinson Counlv Court.
December II, 1800.
Nineteen Hodies Counted on the Streets j
of a Chinese City.
San Francisco, Dec. 10.?Advices from
Chungking, China, by steamer China,]
which arrived here yesterday, state that
the troubles nt TaChu Hsicn arose from
the massacre of Chinese Christinns nt
Loong Tuy Tsin by members of the Loo
Buy Sos society during a celebration in
honor of the society's patron deity. After
the celebration had lasted several days
the brotherhood consulted (heir gods ns
to whether it would be safe to plunder the
Chi ist inns. The reply being in the affirm?
ative, the brotherhood made a raid on a
number of well-to-do Christian families
and carried off a lot of booty.
A few days later they made a fresh
attack and massacred over twenty persons,
nineteen bodies being counted in the
streets and several mure are known to be
cut in pieces and thrown into the river.
The mission buildings and many others
were binned and the corpses thrown into
the flames. On the following day the
brotherhood proceeded to another market
town and made au assault on the Chris?
tians-there. The latter fled, but one of j
them was killed.
The West Point Terminal.
Richmond, Va., December 10.?The
stockholders of the Richmond and West
Point Terminal and Warehouse company
met here today. The report of President
Inman showed the company to be stronger
than at any time in its history. It is en-*
tirely free from debt and has a large cash
surplus in bank. The report also showod
that an important alliance has been made
with the Missouri Pacific railway system.
Mr. John Inman was elected president,
and among the directors were Jay Gould
and son, George J. Gould,
L. & N\ Gobbles the Kentucky Central.
LoriaviiiLK, Dec. II.?It now seems certain
that the Louisrille A Nashville has, or is about
to have, the control of the Kentucky Central,
probably bv purchase. Senator Brice, who is
a director in the Central, has practically ad?
mitted the truth of the deal. The Kentucky
Central has a mileage of 253 miles, the main
stem running from Covington to Lexington,l61
miles, with branches from Paris to Winchester
19 miles; from Paris to Maysville, 49 miles;
and from Richmond to Rowland, 33 miles. The
total mileage owned is 216 miles and leased 37
miles. Aside from its value to the Louisville
& Nashville an ii feeder and connecting link, it
is of itself goul payicg property. ? Its net
oar^ags iglSM sr#|t*%$0 on fross tWi**
MANY HAVE SINNED.
The Moit IMfttlnculahcri .Men Hare Acted
Much ba I'arnell has Itut were
not Overtaken In Their
NAPOLEON AND WASHINGTON.
The incident* of the O'Shcn-Pnrnell di?
vorce case have naturally brought back
to public attention other instances in
which prent statesmen, warrior- etc.,
have departed from the recognized rules,
of morality. In this respect the world'
is probably more stringent now than in
former gonsrations. and there i- more of
a disposition now to hohl the public leader j
to an accountability for his private life)
than in days of Napoleon, Washington i
and Wellington. It was Napoleon, who
assorted thai the rule' which gov< ::i
society were not made for men like
him, and ho had both the will and powi ri
to act on his assertion, his divorce of.
Josephine being one of the most heart?
less social crimes known to history. Even
in his marriage to Maria Louisa, of Aus?
tria, he ignored decency and shocked Eu
rope by having the ccrcmom performed
at his own convenience, irrespective of
the time when marital relations were a
sumcd.. His attachment to a Polish lad.
of beauty and rank is a matter of record.1
and Ihc only actual inheritor of the great |
Emperor's genius was an illegitimate son.
Ho also compelled his brother, the then
King of Holland, lo recognize as legiti?
mate an heir whoso paternity gossip, ap?
parently to well founded, attributed to a
Dutch Admiral, and thus the '???row in t}i<?
eagle's nest." as Napoleon III. has been
called, obtained his place in the Bona?
parte family, and eventually mounted
the French throne. If there is anything
in physiognomy there can be tittle doubl
of tho justice of the apprehension which
prompted King Louis to ignore the off?
spring of the Queen, Hotrcnsc, aud there j
was probably not a drop of the Bonaparte
blood in the late Emperor's body.
However, wc are not nccustomcd to look
to Napoleon and his European contempo?
raries for examples of morality. The idea
then seemed to be thai
POWER AM? LICKXSn WKNT TOCKTttUtt,
and to this day in Europe a moral life is
rather the exception among the rulers of
States. In our own history it has been
the custom to expect a decent observance
of social and moral laws in our public men.
The most noted American example of
private folly on the pan of a statesman
was that of Alexander Hamilton. He was : i
undoubtedly the victim ol* a deliberate i
scheme of blackmail. According to la ?s I'
frank confession of the circumstances, a
woman called upon him for assistance '
which was his duty as a public officer to
extend. Interview followed interview:]
she gradually grow confiding and then
tender in her approaches. He yielded to
temptation and then came the demand for
money from the woman's husband,at coe;
panicd with threats of exposure. Hamil?
ton shrewdly concluded to do the exposing
himself and his pamphlet, giving to Un?
people all the details of Iiis single depart?
ure from grace was accepted, even In his
enemies, as conclusive: Undoubtedly this
pamphlet would never have been Issued
but for the apprehensions on tho part of
Hamilton (hat calumny would not stop
short of accusing him of licentious con?
duct, but that his financial integrity might
be impeached in connection wiiIi the un?
happy affair, and he certainly preserved
Iiis reputation for honesty while sacrifi?
cing whatever credit he possessed lor
observance of the seventh commandment.
HAMILTON WAS KAU FROM DKI.Vti ALONE
among the great men who founded the
Republic in his surrende;- to his own
weakness and the wiles of feminine frailty.
Benjamin Franklin had an illegitimate
son, horn not lone; before Franklin*? mar?
riage. To the credit of the great philos?
opher and statesman il must be acknowl?
edged that ho never denied or abandonedj
his offspring until ihc offspring grew to
manly years, and with no small share of
his father's genius, chose to abandon both
Franklin and his country. While Bi nja
min Franklin was of inestimable service
to the Republic his illegitimate son,
William, was of no slight value to King
George. In his course as Loyalist Gov?
ernor of New Jersey, William Franklin
was probably actuated by as deep a con?
scientiousness as his famous lather in his
devotion to the cause of independence.
But if was unfortunate for the struggling
patriots that the younger Franklin took
the position that he did, and the patriotic
parent who had educated the son .1- if he
were legitimate and bestowed on him
every enre, felt that son's political attitude
to be the deepest wound inflicted on him.
For this reason he out him oft'in his will.
The younger Franklin took refuge in
England upon the triumph of the Kevo-I
i lution and ?jied a pensioner of the British j
! Of the prominent men of early Ameri- j
I can history Aaron Burr was Hie most
flagrant offender against moral law. He
I made no concealment of his wickedness,'
and this had much to do with Washing?
ton's aversions for his brilliant young
officer. No situation could be too serious
for Burr to forget or forego the indul?
gence of his follies. When Ihc Ameri?
cans were hastily evacuating New York,
after the disastrous battle of Long Island, j
Burr delayed taking pari in the retreat]
in order to keep as long 119 possible Ihc
company of the daughter ol 11 British
officer whose affections lie had gained.
Then with a small detachment he bravely
cut his way through the British fore s
and rejoined the American army. The
story of Blcnncrhassett Island to ed not
be told here, although, as Blcnncrhassett
was an Irish patriot whom circumstances
had severed from his country,' it would
not be out of place to recall the circum?
stances of that most wicked and unscru?
pulous intrigue. Aaron Burr, in the
guise of a friend, carried misery into the
Eden-like home on an island in the Ohio,
and not content with the domestic ruin of
his host, he also ruined him politically
A GOOIi DK.IL OF ROMANCE
has been wovon about this adventure of
Burr. There is no romance in the story;
it is simply hideous. Burr ignored social
obligations to the last, ending as the hus?
band of tho famous Madame Jumcl, who
was herself in her early days a walker of
the streets of Providence. R. L, her na?
Mention of Madame Jumcl brings to
mind one of the few allegations against
tho good name of George Washington.
The father of his country was, so far as
the public gaze entered into his private
life, an exemplary husband. The stories
affecting him have ncvor been the subject
of historical allusion, as in the instances
aboVO mentioned; but in more th&n one
section of the country men arc sleeping
their last sleep who are reputed to be the
childron of George Washington. One son
is said to have been born when George
Washington was still a young mail, and
long before his marriage to the widow
CuBtis. The other instance, much mure
notorious, it that of George Washington
Boweni reputed to haft been the son of
George Washington and Madame Jumcj.
There is DO evidence whatever that George
Washington cTer met Elizabeth Bowen,
afterward Madame Jumel. the nearest to
such evidence being that Washington was
in Providence for n day or two when she
was tiiere. All the rest is traditional
gossip and guess-work, and the fact that!
George Washington Bowen. whom the!
writer often me.t. closely resembled the'
pictures of George Washington in face
and physique, and also possessed the pe?
culiarities of character for which Wash?
ington was noted. Bowen himself never
had unytlliug to say on the subject of his
reputed ancestry. With a remarkable en?
ergy and industry, beginning, as he told
the writer, by wheeling a baker's barrow,
and without a relative to help him, he
gruduall} built up a profitable business
and accumulated a respectable property.
Washington, Dec. 10.?Secretary Win-j
dorn, in conversation this evening with
The Sun correspondent on the financial
condition and the pre vailing uneasiness in
monetary circus in New York and till
uver the country, said:
??'t he treasury department is doing ail it
ran to relieve the present unfortunate con?
dition, and it will continue to do so on the
same line of policy as that which has been
followed up to the present time.
"The money stringency is not a result
? >f a contraction of the currency. There
never has been a time in the history of
tin- government in an era of pence when
so much money has been flowing out of
the treasury into the country. During*
the nineteen months that 1 have been at
Iii" head of the department, the amount of
mono} in circulation has been increased
over a hundred millions, and during the
five months of this fiscal year the increase
has been between seventy-five and eighty
millions. That is an enormous amount of
money to put out, but its effect has been
scarcely appreciable. It hns become ab-1
gor bed without apparently leaving any
trace its existence. Of course, when
business is lively and brisk, as it has been
recently in nearly ul! branches of busi
ncss, it produces a scarcity nf money, but
I he .resent condition of n flairs cannot be
iiccouuted f>r on that ground. 1 think
that lor the greater part of the bundled
millions which have been expended by tin?
treasury in tin.' purchase of bonds, you
lit us l look in the private tills and in the
vaults of tl.e safe deposit coin panics, and
until confidence is restored und those who
ue now hoarding money can be induced
to let go <>f it, an enormous amount of
uioncy~would be required to give adequate
WHAT Tllk FINANCIERS s.w.
Hankers and business men suid yestcr
lai that the effect of Secretary Windom's
circular culling for proposals to sell
',uii.<;fin-1 pur cents would be felt immedi
itely. President II. W. Cannon of the
Jhase National bank said concerning the
present situation and Cue secretary's cir
"] think the action of the secretary in
i eginning to buy 4 per cent bonds ought
lo improve the situation very materially.
1 have no doubt that he will easily obtain
the $0,000.01)0 worth of 4's he has adver?
tised for, and at the present prices for the
bonds thai will give us'$0,000,000 addi?
tional currency for use in our business.
1 have no doubt, thai the secretary will
almost immediately purchase another
|i.),000,00fl of the 4's. In fact, 1 think the
policy of the treasury will be to pay out
by the purchase of bonds all the surplus
revenue as it is received. This will pre?
vent the absorption of money by the
treasury and will assist greatly in restor?
ing confidence. 1 think the people of the
country arc beginning to understand the
situation of affairs,and to understand that
we must reh hugely on our own resources
to conduct our business. It was natural
that our people should be greatly dis?
turbed, and that confidence and credit
should receive a great shock on account
oi the disturbances abroad. But we have
as much money lo do business with as
before. In fact, we have mote currency
per capita and in proportion to the busi?
ness of the country than every before in
its history. 1 have no doubt that the
good sense of the people will overcome
this feeling of disturbance, and that
matters will return to a more normal con?
dition very -"on. I notice in connection
with my own business that country bank?
ers understand the situation better and
are adjusting themselves lo the somewhat
changed condition of affairs. They arc
getting over the -hock which came when
it was decided lo issue loan certificates in
this and other cities. I think the events
of the past week have proven to the pub
lie thai the bankers lore can and will
render the necessary assistance to mer?
cantile houses and others, so that they can
continue their business in the usual way.
While I inighl saj the condition of affairs
is still serious, 1 sec no cause for alarm or
Mr. Russell Sage .-aid that he thought
the situation looked brighter than it had
looked for some | hue,
"As far as the railroads are concerned/'
he said, "tilings have not looked 80 well
for eighteen months. We are getting
along rapidly in the' adjustment of the
Union Pacific matters, as was shown in
the circular the company issued on Sat?
urday night. Secretary Windoin has
helped things along with his circular call?
ing lor fours, and that indicates a disposi?
tion on the part of I he (Government to come
to the aid of the business of the country.
No doubl the policy of buying bonds will
b.- continued. I will say that it meets my
hearty approval. With the improved
monetary outlook in Europe I see no
reason tor the distrust that seems to have
seized hold of the minds of some people
mi Saturday night. I look for a steady
improvement of things from this time mit."
President J. Edward Simmons of the
Fourth National Bank said that he thought
tilings were looking better all the time,
and now he saw no occasion at all for
"Tin- Government's published call for
proposals to sell 4 per cents." he said, *'is
a step in the right direction. It will help
to restore confidence. In view of that
and other things. I think I am justified in
saying that things arc looking very en?
"My opinion." said Cornelius N. Bliss,
"is that mutters look bettor for to-mor?
row. The Secretary's circular and the pur?
chase of bonds tiiat will take place imme?
diately will relieve the present situation
to a considerable extent. The coming of a
large amount of foreign gold, which is on
the way here now, will also help matters
along. I don't think there is any serious
thing the matter with the money world
except a lack of confidence, and I think
wo will sec a decided improvement in that
"It is not so much money that we need
now," said a banker. "It is confidence in
paper. We have all the money we ever
had to carry on business with. The
trouble is just here: In this country, as
in other countries, business men carry on
their business with 90 per cent of paper,
and seldom more than 10 percent cash.
So long as the people have any confidence
in paper this is all right. Destroy or im?
pair confidence, and at once 90 per cent
cash and 10 per cent paper is the rule, and
J then comes the stringency. Restore con
| fldcnce, and things will take caro of thorn
1 soIvob again. The Secretary's action in
calling for bonds will go some way tawafa
should AID xiw tobe,
London, Dec. 10.?The Time* in la*
financial article pave: "London, Pad*,
and Berlin ought to afford all possible as?
sistance to New York. The present mla
chief i." spreading. The immediate causa
of the trouble may be traced to the cur?
tailment of accommodation through tho
Barings collapse, which caused other
great firms also to stop accommodation.
In the case of America, the stoppage of
these facilities is particularly uufortu*
nate, in view of her large cotton crops.
We believe that the Bunk of England
could spare a million aud a half in css* of
New York. December 10.?The stock
market was quite different to-day from
that of yesterday, and in place of weak
ness a decidedly strong feeling existed
throughout the entire day, aud the up?
ward movement was interrupted ouly in
the forenoon, while prices never got down
to the level of those last evening.
1 it fact the market was taken in hand
by some of the old bear party, who bttva)
turned bulls, and prices were bid up rap?
idly upon the shorts. The room was
formed again on the bull side and the
upward movement seemed to meet as
little resistance as the bear raids did so
The faiiure was announced of Colbron,
Chauucey & Co., an old and highly re?
spected house of the street, but even that,
togi tiier with the failure of the directors
of the Western Union to recommend the
declaration of an extra dividend, failed to
create a ripple upon the rapid advance
then in progress. The movement met
with no check during the day aud gains
over the lowest figures reached iu some
cases as much a< I per cent.
Ttir. CLOSE ACTIVE AND STRONO.
The market finally closed active and
strong at the highest prices of the day.
The Could stocks were very prominent in
the upward movement, but it reached all
portions of the list and the final gains are
more pronounced aud more uniform than
for many a day.
(iOLII run SEW TOP.K.
Later.?London, Dec. 11.?Over $3,000,
tum in gold was shipped to-day for New
York per steamship Majestic.
RKCKJVKK FOR THE T11HEI C'tM.
Sara Tute, Jr., of Memphis, to Tafte
Charge nl the t'omjmiiT and Wind
up Its Affairs.
(Knoxville Journal Speelal.)
Johnson, City, Dee. 10.?Samuel Tat?,
jr.. of .Memphis, has been appointed re?
ceiver of property of the Charleston,
Cincinnati ,\ Chicago railroad company
and the Massachusetts k Southern con?
struction company or as much of it as lies
Chancellor Smith issued the order at a
late hour Saturday night, on application
of McDonald, Shea & Co., contractors, of
Knoxvillc and Johnson City. Messrs. 0.
E. Lucky and Hugh L. McClung, jr., of
Knoxvillc, representing McDonald, Shea
A: Co., came to Jnucshoro, it secins on the
train arriving there at 7 p. m. and going
immediately lo Chancellor Smith's resi?
dence, procured the order enforcing alien
and appointing a receiver to wind up the
affairs of the "Three C's." Mr. Tato is
now on his way to Johnson City, and upon
his arrival will lake charge of tho prop?
erty. He is to give bond in the sum of
.$.'.(1,0110. Mr. T?te is a member of the
firm of McDonald, Shea & Co., the hoariest
creditors of the company, and will manago
the property to the best advantage.
Other heavy creditors iu this part of tho
country arc Win, Keuofick and the ongi?
neei ing corps. The engineering forco has
received nothing iu the way of salaries
since last April. Mr. Kenefick is due
about $:M).00(J for work.
While there has been a great deal of
uncertainty fell about the affairs of tho
company for some time, the Journal caused
a sensation upon its arrival here to-day
with rumors of the appointment of a re
cciver. There is a feeling here among a
few that the future of Johnson City de?
pends entirely on the Three C's, and cou
so<iiiontly they arc feeling gloomy.
Tin- property to be turned over to
Receiver T?te consists of thirty-fire miles
of Iraek, extending from the Watnuga
river on the north to the North Carolina
line on t he south, the depot and sidetracks
in this city and the construction material
placed on the lineal different places. The
rolling stock is not included and the road
will be operated as formerly to Erwin.
Dickinson, a contractor, of New York,
has attached Ihc company's property in
North and South Carolina. In all proba
bility a receiver will be asked for in the
United States Court and there is no Olid
of the litigation in sight. Tho worst of it
is (hal (lie work of construction will bo
greatly delayed unless (he Massachusetts
Construction company can arrange to
satisfy Ihc indebtedness of tho concern in
which event the receiver will be author?
ized (to turn tho property back to its
former ow ners.
McDonald, Shea & Co., have only taken
steps absolutely necessary to protect
themselves and their sub-contractors.
They have waited patiently for the money
that' never came. Nearly $SOO,(K)0 has
been expended on the line north of the
North Carolina boundry. McDonald, Shea
li Co.. and their sub-contractors have done
the most of the work aud they are due a
large portion of it. As there seemed to
l.e in. immediate show for the money, they
decided to ask for the appointment of a
Knoxvillc Tribune to lx> Revised, Enlarged
KxnxvtLE. Dec. 10.?It is announced hero
todav that Knoxvillc is to hare what will vir?
tually be a new paper. The Tribune Company
has "been reorganised and the new company
will take charge on January tst. One or two
gentlemen, perhaps more, of the present stock'
holders remain iu the company, and a number
of leading business men of the city become
stockholders. It is promised that man? im?
provements in everv war will be made ana ihiL
one of the ablest editorial writers in the South
will be editor. Tho present editor, Mr< Suit*
mers, wilt be manager.
It has not become public yet who tho nofV
stockholders arc. Their names are promised
later. Tho paper will be thoroughly Dsrrui*
eratic. as it ha* been, but will be a newspaper
in every sense of the word, and giro, the new*
regard less of party.
The Tobacco Rebate.
WAKni.tuTox, Dec. lo ?The Htm?? this anertK?ft
passed the tobacco rebate bill.
The Cost tr Domestic Klttjr.
(From the Si. Lottie. Republic!
A Kvutlunian returned home early caoturh In Uta
morning ouo night tu ?romta ihn wrath et Uta bettor
"lto.:a playlosr poker, I ?uppta?," at twur later. a?
the breakfast (able.
kf ea, bat don't scold. Hera h bait et ?hat I too,'*
bandln* her ft crisp ucw flQ Mil. ?Ttit aaafcs? waa.