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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, January 02, 1891, Image 1

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W. C. ROBINSON & CO.
The lleftdltnir Jewelers,
BIO STONE GAP, VA.
WATCHES'. CtOCKS,
SlLVErTW?EE.
SPECTACLES. ETC
W. C. ROBINSON & CO.
BIG STONE GAP, VA., FRIDAY, JAM ABT 2,1890.
NO. 20.
SPLENDID SHOWING"!
'he Germs of a Great Manufacturing City
and the Forces that are to Hasten
its Development.
IFacts in Regard to the Coal, Iron and Timberj
that no one will Question after
Examination.
THE MOST VIGOROUS YOUNG LION OF THE FOLD.
Tai Po?? lo-day moke* nn extraordinary
r4i?pl*5- 11 contains n n,l,cin(;nt of ,hc
I Interacts r?ntfrod here, from which some
I idaa may b* formed of the business ac?
tivity of ? city that was founded only a
j*ar or two afro. Nothing but nn earth?
quake or some widespread and crushing
calamity can prevent afar Letter showing
fT*;r? month? hence. The new yenr finds
no with new seal, new confidence, new
activities. Though the elements of dc
I valopmeut and strength gathering here
art in their infancy, they are germs of a
mighty force and a glorious destiny.
Big Stone C?a;> is the young Hun of the
Appalachian range; one year more and its
? sinews will be strong and its spring irre?
sistible. One has only to read the plain,
indisputable facts which the present issue
of the Post contains, and every claim we
bar* put forward will he confirmed and
?very utterance verified. Here, we have
the bast coke in the world; the best grade
for railroads through the mountains for n
distance of hundreds of miles; the best
basic ores in the South, and in close
proximity to the magnetic deposits; the
tust water power; the best timber north
of the tropics; the best position to supply
the Iron and coal and timber markets of
the world. The manufacturers and capi?
talists ahroad have only to study the
faces. If thay nre not facts they can easily
disprove Ihem; if they nre facts this is the
spot on which they should rear their tem
plts of industry. All the Tost asks, is
?hat the most trained engineers, the most
accurate and searching experts, the most
profound projectors, study the situation
for themselves. Our only object is to at?
tract their attention and excite their in?
terest. To investigate is to become con?
vinced; and here is a new year's greeting
to all of you gentlemen, come and see us.
ViaoiMA Coal and Iron Company.
Capital, $1,500,000.
Has 110,000 acres of coking coal, iron ore
and timhrr land, all of which is tributary to
Pig Stone (iap. 500 coke ovens are in process
of erection.
Officers:
E. H. Loisenring, Manch Chunk, Pa., Presi't.
M. 8. Kemmcrer, " " Trcas.
John O. Tombler, Philadelphia, Pa., Secretary.
J. K. Taggart, Big Sune Gap, Va., Bcn'l M'g'r.
Directors.?John ('. Bullitt, E. W. Clark,
SamncI ?ickson, Philadelphia, Pa.; M. S.
Kemmcrer, E. Ii. Leisenring, Manch Chunk,
Pa.; Jcbert H. Sayrc, Bethlehem. Pa., Samuel
Thomas,Calasaqua, Pa.; J. S. \Y*cntz,Mauch
Chunk, Pn.
Tho land owned by this Companv alone
contains 100,000 acres 65,000 carrying the
lowor coking seam, and 45,000 carrying
the upper coking seam, making twice the
acreage of the Connellsville district. The
following analysis of their coke was made
by A. S. McCreath, of Pittsburg, and
n comparative table is given:
Fixed Sul
Avrbagi or Carbon. Ash. nliiir.
7 samplr* JUi; Stone Gap coke, made
In open rick mul by barrel lm .93.23 5.C9 0 T40
3 namplet Couoellavilie, I'a., coke,
ov*c ?<??.hs.W 9.74 0.S10
I samples Chatlanooga,Tcnii., coke,
. 0T7> ?f?? .80.D1 16.34 1.596
4 ??mplcH Hirtnlneham, Ala., coke,
. ov<? *??<???,.s7.29 in.M 1.195
j aamplei Pocahontas, V?., coke,
y or(?," XS?1.?2.55 0.74 0.597
m samples New Wver, W.Va., cuk.>,
l.^^o 3a-38 Ml
l sample Mr Stout Gap coke, oveu
lest, &nnly*l? nmilH by A. S.
McCreath, September, 1890....94.04 4.74 .583
The analysis of the Connellsrille coke
made during ten months used by the Beth'
lehem Iron Company showed nn average
of 87*per cent of fixed carbon and 10+
per cent nsh. from which it will lie seen
that the Virginia Coal and Iron Cowpativ's
coko is 8 or 10 per cent Letter.
?The Company's propertv carries 1?
scams of coal. 6 of which ?rc above 50
nches in thickness. Thev ate divided in
bituminous, splint und cannel coals, all
consistent over the eutire area. It is es?
timated that this tr ict contains800,000,000
feot ol merehantnl le timber, chiefly pop?
lar and oak with k percentage of walnut
and cherry.
VinoisiA, Tennessee and Carolina Steel
and Iron Company.
Capital St ?ck, $2,698,000.
i" r "u uiLPhT;r'. ^wnington, P. C, Pres't.
J. C. Haskell, Columbia, S. C, Vice-Pres't.
?.eorpjLScott, New; York. . Treas.
t. H. \>eiitworth, Jr., Washington, 1). C.
Secretary and Treasurer.
Directors -E A. Adams, Boston: R. A.
; *? C1?rk^ - P. Clyde, J. A. Garland
Kewjork; J.C. Haskell, Columbia, S. C.j K.
W. Buidekoper, Washington, I). C.J J. H.
nu;an New \rork: w. Drones, Philadelphia,
vS? v V. Jam,ei\ l'oston: ?x- Norton, New
tork; Nathaniel Tharer, Boston.
Interstate Investment Company.
Capital Stock, $100,000
Chas. T. Ballard, Louisville, Kyi. President.
4*'J'"IS? " " V.-Pmideut.
T.O.>,niiams, u ? Secretary
hit! w?XTT?h8f' V BaUart?' John Churc
etle a 't'p '^"i Uugbei, A.V. La Far
?Ke, a. T. Pope, S. Zorn, Louisville, Ky,
Bio SroKit Oai-aElbctric Liokt Asd
Powke Company.
Capital Stock, $50,000.
4,<L McDowell, Jr.f ? K Sec. and Treas.
' ?te?H2a^W-a.E- Wiit0Tl? J' F' Bulli">
Bio Stoxi GafImprovement Company.
Capital Stork, $2,500,000.
R. A. Avers, Estillvillo, Va., - President.
R. Ii. Whitridgc, Roston, Mass., V-President.
H. C. McDowell, Jr., Rip Stone Gap, Va.,
Secretary and Treasurer.
Directors.?R. A. Avers, Estillvillc, Va.:,T.
P. Rullitt, Jr., Rig Stone fiap, Va.; James W.
Fox, New York; K I). Huidekopcr, Washing
ton, D. C; II. C. McDowell, Sr., Lexington,
Kv.: John R. Procter, Frankfort, Kv.; T. II.
Wcntworth, Jr., Washington, J). ('*.; R. R.
Whitridgc, Roston, Mass.; II. C. Wood, Estill
rillc, Va.
Fatxtte Land Company.
Capital Stock, $200,000.
J. R. Simrall, Lexington, Ky., - President.
G. II. Whitney, " " Sec. and Tress.
Directors.?-Attilla Cox, J. M. Fetter, Louis?
ville, Kv.; Horace E. Fox, Big Stone Gap, Va.;
Tims. Martin, J. R. Simrall, Lexington, Kv.;
II. F. Smith, Louisville, Ky.; G. II. Whitney,
Lexington, Ky.
Rio Stone Gap Building and Investment
Company.
Capital Stock, $100,000.
R. T. Irvine, Dig Stone Cap, - President.
('has. Bcrryman, " - Sec. nnd Trens.
Directors.?W. E. Addison, Rig Stone Oar,
Va.; R. A. Avers, Estillvillc, Va.; E. P.
Bryan, Frankfort, Ky.; Horace E. Fox, J. M.
Goodloc, E. M. Hanlin, R. T. Irvine, Rig Stone
(iap, Va.
Bio Stunk Cap Water Company.
. Capital Stock, $200,000.
Wm. McOcorge, Jr., Phila., Penn., President.
W. A. McDowell, Rig Stone Gap, Va., Secre?
tary and Treasurer.
Directors.?J. F. Rullitt, Jr., Rig Stone
Gap' Va.; James W. Fox, New York; James
W. Gcrow, Norfolk, Va.; H. C. McDowell, Jr.,
Rig Stone Gap, Ya.; Wm. McGcurge, Jr.,
Philadelphia, Penu.
Valley Street Railway.
Capital Stock, $2:>,000.
R. A. Avers, Estillvillc, Va., President.
J. F. Rullitt, Jr., Rig Stone Gap, Va., Sec.
n. H. Rullitt, " " Trcas.
Directors.?R. A. Avers, Estillvillc, Va.; R.
C. Rallard Thruston, Louisville, Ky.; James
W. Fox, New York; Wm. McGeorge, Phila?
delphia, Penn.: J. R. F. Mills, Rig Stone (inn,
Ya.; Josiah Ryland, Richmond, Ya.; R. R.
Whitridgc, Boston, Mass.
East Rio Stone Gat Land and IMPROVE?
MENT Company.
Capital, $500,000.
J. R. F. Mills, Rig Stone Gap, President.
S. C. Rcrryinan, " Sec', and Trcas.
Directors.?J. F. Rullitt, Jr., Rig Stone
(iap; 11. II. Downing, Fort Royal, Ya.; R. R.
Lee, Richmond, Va.; J. R. F. Mills, Rig Stone
Gap; E. W. Saundcrs, Rocky Mount, Va.; M.
R. Wood, Bristol, Tcnn.; JamesE. Yates, War- j
renton, Ya.
Soi'thwkst Virginia Mineral Land
Company.
Capital Stock, $55,000.
Barton Mvers, Norfolk, Ya., - President.
L, H. Shields. " - Secretary.
David Lowcnbcrg, " - Treasurer.
Directors.?James W. Gcrow, R. M. Hughes,
David Lowcnbcrg, Barton Mvers, L. H. Shields,
W. F. R. Slaughter, Norfolk', Va.
Rank ok Big Stone Gap.
Capital Stock, $100,000.
W. H. Nickels, Rig Stone Gap, Ya., President.
II. H. Rullitt, " " Cashier.
Directors.?R.A.Avers, Estillvillc, Ya.: H.
H. Rullitt. J. F. Rullitt, Jr., Rig Stone Gap,
Ya.; J.M. Fetter, Louisville, Kv.; Horace E.
Fox, W. T. Goodloc, H. C. McDowell, Jr.: W.
H.Nickels, Rig Stone Gap, Ya.; H. C. Wood,
Estillvillc.
Appalachian Rank.
Capital Stock, $100,000.
W. A. McDowell, Rig Stone Gap, ? President.
Ohas. H. Rcrryinan " Cashier.
Directors.?H. W. Bates, Bristol, Tenn.; J.
F. Rullitt, Jr., Big Stone Gap, Va.j CT. Dun?
can, Jonesville, Va.; J. M. Goodloc, R. T. Ir?
vine, 11. C. McDowell, Jr., W. A. McDowell,]
J. R. F. Mills, C. H. Spalding. Big Stone
Gap, Va.
Intkkmont Building Company.
Capital, $25,000.
H.H. Rullitt,Big Stone Gap, Va., President.
J.F. Rullitt, Jr., " Scc'y and Tfeas.
Directors.?II. II. Rullitt, J. P. Rullitt, Jr.,
Rig Stone Gap; A. R. Eaton, Rrislol, Tenn.;
Horace E. Fox, II. C. McDowell, Jr., Rig Stone
Gap, Va.
The Appalachian Steel and Iron Com
Capital. $800,000.
James F. Peters. Ironton, O., - President.
E. J. Bird, Rig Stone Gap, Ya., Vice-Prcsideut
and General Manager.
ILC. McDowell. Jr., Big Stone Gap,Va., Sec'v.
W. A. McDowell, " Trea's.
Directors.?R. A. Avers, Estillvillc, Va.; II.
W. Rates, Rristol, Tenn.: E. J. Bird, H. C. Mc?
Dowell, Jr., Big^ Stone Gap. Va.; James F.
Peters, Ironton
Mountain park Association.
Capital, $75,000.
James W. Fox, New York, - President.
W. a. McDowell, Rig Stone Gap, Secretary
and Treasurer.
Directors.?Lew C. Attemus. Philadelphia,
Pa.: R. A. Avers. Estillvillc, Va.; James W.
Fox. New York: P. W. Hardin, Frankfort, Kv.;
L. Turner, Maury. Rig Stone Gap; H. C. Mc?
Dowell, Lexington, Ky.; Wm. McGeorge, PniU
delphia; John R. Proctor, Frankfort, Ky.; K.
B. Whitridgc, Boston.
West-Knd Land Company.
Capital, $200,006.
James L. Shields, Knoxville, Tenn., President.
Directors.?E. P. Bryan, Frankfort, Kv.: R.
W. McCrary, Frankfort, K v.; James L. Shields,
Knoxville, Tenn.
Interstate Tt.nnel Company.
Capital, $10,000,000.
II. C McDowell, Lexington, Kv., - President.
St. JohnBovle, - " Vico-Presideiit.
T. W. Spindle, Louisville, - Secretary.
Directors.?St. John Bovle, Louisville, Kv.;
Jno. R. Procter, Frankfort,'Kv.: Arthur Carov,,
J. W. Gaulbert, John E. Green. Louisville,
Ky.; H. C McDowoll, Lexington, Ky.t E. T.
Ilalscy, F. D. Cailoy.
Belt Line Railroad.
Capital, $250,000.
Captain Thomas H. Walker, Big Stone Gap,!
Chief Engineer and General Manager,
South Appalachian Land Company.
Capital, $200,000.
IT. C. MeDowcll, Lexington, Ky., . President.
T. W. Spindle, Louisville, K\\, Secretary and
Treasurer."
Directors.?St. John Bovle, Arthur Carev,
F. D. Carlcy, J. W. Galqc'rt, John E. Green,
Louisville, Ky.; H. C. McDowell, Lex?
ington, Ky.
Post Publishing Company.
Capital Stock, $10,000.
C. E. Scars, Dig Stone Gap, . President.
C. H. Berrvman, " - Treasurer.
C. F. Breckel, " Sec'y and Mnn'g'r.
Directors.?C. F. Breckel, J. F. Bullitt, Jr..
Horace E. Fox, Big Stone Gap, Va.; W. C.
nail, Louisville, Ky.; C. E. Sears, Big Stone
Gap, Va.;
Powell's River Coal and Coke Company.
(Principal Office, Ilig Stone Gap.)
Capital, $60,000.
Composed of Ohio and Virginia capitalists.
J. M. Goodloe, Big Stone Gap, - Director.
SvLrncR Springs Land Company.
Capital, $100,000.
W. T. Goudloe, Big Stone Gap, - Trustee.
Trust and Loan Company.
Capital, $250,000.
(Arranged tor.)
Rkcafitclatiox.
Itig Stone Gap Improvement Company...'. $2,500,000
Interstate Tunnel Company..?/ 10,000,000
Virginia, Carolina and Tennessee Steel and
Iron Company.X .. 2,(lt?.S,000
Virginia Coal and Iron Company.i.. I,.ri00,000
Private Land Owners. 1,000,000
Appalachian Steel mid Iron Company.. ..V 800,000
East Ilig Stone Gap Land and Improvement
Company.v 500,000
Reit Line Railroad.v 250,000
Trust and I/>nn Company.Y 250.000
l?g Stone Gap VVHtcr Company.* 200,000
South Appalachian Land Company.?> 200.000
Fay cite Land Company.?. 200,000
West End Land Company.- 200,000
Bank of Big Stone Gap. ? 100,000
Appalachian Hank. 100.000
Interstate Investment Company. 100,000
Big Stmie Gap Building and Investment ,
Company. 100,000
SulpRur Springs Land Company_. 100,000
Planing Mills, Brick Plants, Builders.
Woolen Mills, etc.? 100,000
Mountain Park Association. ? 75,0?0
South West Virginia Mineral and Ijind ,
Company. 55,000
Big Stone Gap Electric Light and Power ?
Company. 50,0(10
Powells Itiver Coal and Coke Company. . . ? 50,000
Intermont Building Company. 25,000
Valley Street hallway.. ? 2.",ooo
Post Publishing Company. 10,000
Total.?21,lfifl,onn
Itulldlng Associations..
National BuiLDIXO and Loan Association or New
Your.
Ilig Stone Gap Jlranch.
C. E. Sears, - ? I/ical President.
T. U. Dudley, Jr., - Ix.cal Treasurer.
L. Turner Mnury, - Local Attorney.
Pelham Blackford, Local Agent.
C. T. Bates, ]
John Goodloe, - Local Appraiser*.
E. T. Shortt. J
Local Directors.?W. E. Addison, J. F. Bullitt, Jr.,
Horace E. Fox, W. E. Harris, W. A. McDowell.
-?Tun ?xrntD Hankino axd BciLniso Cosir-Axr. or
richmond, Va.
Iii<j Stone Gap Jlranch.
W. M. McElwcc, - - I/>cal Treasurer.
W. E. Addison, - - IajchI Attorney.
W. A. Simmons, - ? Local Agent.
Oi.n Dominion Bl'ILPIXd and Loan ASSOCIATION or
Kiciimom), Va.
Ilig Stone (lap Branch.
W. A. McDowell, - Local Secretary and Treas.
Shelby A Irvine, - - I.ocal Attorneys.
Inteustate Bcii.pino a.ni> Loan Association or Co
i.cmrcs, Ga.
Ilig Stone Gap Jlranch.
C. 11 Berryman, - I/>cal Treasurer.
G. W. Lovell, ? - Loc.il Agent.
Pr.ori.s*s Hen.ding, Loan and Savings Association
or Genoaii, N. Y.
Ilig Stone Gap Jlranch.
E. lIufT, - - - Local Agent.
KNOXVII.IJC Bt'ILDIXO and LOAN ASSOCIATION, OK
Kxuxvii.i.e, Tknn.
Big Stone Gap Jlranch.
C. E. Spaldlng, ? - Uicnl President.
H. H. Bullitt, - - Local Treasurer.
H. C. Mnynur. - - Local Secretary.
Bullitt & McDowell, - Local Attorneys.
Ix>eal Directors.?II. H. Bullitt, H. C. Maynor, ('.
E. Spaldlng, C. H. Spaldlng.
Orrv Office us.
n. A. W. Skeen, ... Mayor.
S. R. Jcssee, ... Clerk,
j R. T. Irvine, - Commissioner of Revenue.
W. B. Kilbourne, - - Collector.
R. T. Irvine, - - Attorney.
Xppolacblan Hank, - - Treasurer.
Cocxcilmbx.
J.B.Adams, C. W. Evans, Horace E. Fox, W.T.
Goodloe, C. D. Kunkel, C. E. Spaldlng.
Powell's Rivkr Fibs dkpakthkxt.
R. T. Irvine, - - - Chief.
h. C. McDowell, Jr., - Aaatstant Chief.
T. L. Sheltou, - - Captain Company A.
C. E. Spaldiug, - " B.
C. E. Bibbs, - - " C.
Uoraoe E. Fox, - M D.
W. S. Morris, - - Secretary.
I.lst of Committees of the CommereinI
Club of lilf; Stone Gap.
Executive Committee.
R. T. I vink, Chairman.
J. F. Bclutt, Ja. J. B. F. Mills. J. M. Goodlob.
John \v. Fox, Ja. E. M. Habpix. C. H. Bkrbvman
Pinuitee Committee.
V/. K. Shklbv, Chairman.
h. h. rcllitt. ' W. a. McDqweI.1.. w. T. goodi.ok.
ff. E. Habbis.
TrnnsportAtion Committee.
H. C. McDdwkle, Ja.*, Chairman.
C. W. Evans. C. A. IIaboin. 1Y. J. IIobrblkt.
K. f. SlIORTT.
lteception Committee.
Jso. W. Fox, Jb., Chairman.
l..t. Macs v. W.k Blackford, S. C. Bebbtnax.
! J. B. F. Mills. W. v. Simmons. C. E. Skabs.
Adverting Committee.
h. C. McPo'Vell, Jb:, Cl'ulrmau.
Vf. J. Sruot.Ks. C. IL BkbbvmAX. R. T. Ikvini:.
lt. E. Fox.
Grievance Committee.
W. E. Addison, Chairman.
W. C. Srbltox. W. S. Mathkw?. C. T. Dcncan.
A. Scxmkkfikld.
Industrial Committee.
R. T. Ibvinb, Chairman.
E. j. Bmn, R. F. DiLiAKi?, W. S. Bkvbklv.
j. V. Pktuiis. C. p. Kunukl, C. T. Ester,
3. K. Taooabt, I. Hilb, Jas. M. Hodge,
W. E. Morbiss, W. C. Robinson, W. j. Spboler.
Hk.nkt Wkbs, G. W .Lovell, W.A.. Hexwood
W. S. Matiiews, i. B. V. Mills. W. A. Simmons,
H. B. Clav, Jr. i. W. Fox, sr. H. E. Fox,
Edwin Bi.Kboi'it, Wn. Yol-nu, D. Castlemax,
H. A. W. Skekx, i. M. Hakhx, W. F.Bakeb.
j. B. Adams, j. M. Goodloe, C. ii. Spaldxg.
Yi: A. MoDowell, W. S. Pai.mkk. C. F. B?ecke l.
Industrial Sub-Committees.
Car "Work*.
J. B. F. Mills, W. H. Coffwak. J, F. Pktkiw.
Furniture.
C. T. Estks. U. Stbvwbos:
Tannery.
VT. T. Goodlok. Wm. Yocxa. job* W. Fox.
G. YY. Uvkll. J. C. Mavxob.
St one, Brick and Lime.
Joe* Hann*. it; A. BiMOSS. Wft, Wolf.
Stove Works.
[ j. Ii. A Damp. W. E. Adpisos.
Harneni and Leather.
C. D. Kinkel. W. T. Goodlok. J. m. Hai-idix.
Tanlc A old and Wood Pnlp.
J. W. Fox, Sb. L. T. Maciit. W. C. Robixsox.
Mineral Paint.
Hoback Fox. S. L. Whitert.ad. W. A. Br.xwoop.
Wood Manufactures.
L. T. Maust. Wa. F. Raker. C. E. Buuima.
Wm. Woi.r.
Wire and Noll?.
E. j. Fibi>.
nig stone Gap Improvement Company.
Mr. James W. Fox, director of the Im?
provement Company, who is active in the
conduct of its affairs, in a conversation,
said:
"What our company has done during
the past year is evident to any one who
looks around. It has fathered the furnace,
the electric lights, the water works, and
its officers and friends have backed up the
street railroad, the Interstate Tunnel, the
Building and Investment Company, Moun?
tain Park Association, the planing mills,
the brick plant und almost everything
else of a public nature that is going. And
except for a very serious defect in the or?
ganization of our company, which has
diverted a very largo per cent of our
meaus to other purposes, we would have
twice as much to show. It is hoped that
this draw-back will lie remedied during
a scries of meetings of the directors,
stockholders and bondholders, which will
be held in New York this month, and then
ready cash and an abundance of it will
enable us 10 make giant progress this
year.
"I know of negotiations on hand (of
which I cannot speak as it is thought
they can more easily come ton speedy and
successful issue if worked quietly) in?
volving the expenditure here and here?
abouts of some $10,000,000 or $10,000,000.
This comes from five different sources,
and if onlv one succeeds (and the min?
imum amoiint is $1,000,000 in that,) it will
put a great many new enterprises on their
feet, and give us a good volume of house?
building and general business.
"I think additional assistance should be
given the present management especially
in the way of'aid to secure iron and wood?
working establishments, and plants of
whatever kind, and thus give a physical
impetus to development."
? The Interstate Tunnel.
A gentleman very much interested in
the success of the tunnel says:
"The. engineers iu charge of the survey
have just about completed their field work
and wc expect them to arrive in Big Stone
Gap next week to work up their notes,
make maps, profiles, and approximate esti
timatCB. The enterprise, as you may
know, provides for a double track rail?
way, with, this place as its southern ter?
minus, beginning above the Appalachian
furnace, and as at present intended going
through the gap above the grades of the
L. k N. and S. A. k O. railroads, crossing
Powell's river on a viaduct, and ascending
Calahan's creek, at whose head Black
Mountain is pierced by a 5,.'100 foot tunnel
thence down Oven Fork and up the Poor
Fork of Cumberland river, through Flat
(iap, and along the Virginia state line,
through the Indian Grave Gap in Pine
Mountain, to the head wnters of the Ken?
tucky river, whence it is plain sailing. It
may be necessary to have ;{,?00 feet of
tunnel through the Pine Mountain, but
we hope to get through a cut of fifteen
feet, and it is on this part of the work
that the engineers arc engaged.
"When completed this tunnel road would
probably be used by the Kentucky Union,
the Kastern Kentucky, Mr. Huntington's
Chattaroi and possibly by the Louisville
& Nashville and Louisville A: Southern on
the north probably by extensions of
the East Tennessee, Virginia k Geergia,
South Atlantic iV. Ohio and the 3 C's, on
south. Ah one railroad director said it,
would be better for his road to pay the
interest on this enterprise than to at?
tempt te build it.
"A large banking house in New York,
another in Boston, and a third in London
are awaiting maps, estimates, kc, with a
view to taking the necessary issue of
bonds, so we hope to begin active opera?
tion soon."
C'apt. A. II. Bishop and J. P. Moorman,
of the Interstate Tunnel engineering
corps, with J. P. Huston, J. It. Morgan
and II. T. Turner have returned after
completing ihe survey. They report that
they found a good route, not very costly
and that the tunnel through Pine Moun?
tain will be about 3,500 feet. It is cer?
tain that the tunnel is practicable and
that it will cost less than at first esti?
mated. The route will be twenty-five
miles long reaching from Big Stone Gap
to the head waters of the Kentucky
river.
Virginia, Carolina and Tennessee Cou,l
and Iron Company.
A stockholder in the Virginia Tenn?
essee and Carolina Steel and Iron Com?
pany said: "This company owns 170,000
acres of coal, iron and timhor lands which
were selected on the judgment of Prof.
Procter of the Kentucky Geological Sur?
vey, and are probably one of the most
valuable properties in the United Slates.
We are shipping coal from the mines on
Looney creek, near Big Stone Gap, where
perhaps other developments will follow;
and we are proving our iron ores especially
in North Carolina where a fine showing is
made.
"We also own the South Atlantic and
Ohio railroad, wbich is doing a good busi?
ness. A survey has been made and a
feasible line found, reducing the grade
from Mendota to Bristol to the maximum
of 7? to feet no other parts of the line,
so that an engine can go through with its
original load. Thi9 improvement may
soon be made.
"We are also arranging to raise some
English money which will be U6ed in de?
velopment and betterment of the prop?
erty, and our lands.
"It is true we are aleo interested in
Bristol, Elizabethton, and the mouth of
Roan's creek, but as wo own nearly one
third of the stock of the Big Stone Gap
Improvement Company you may know it
is to our great advantage to push the de?
velopment of our town."
Big Stone Gap Building and Investment
Company.
Mr. Tatc Irvine, president, reports-the
following: "Our company has secured
very desirable concessions in the way of
building lots from most of the land com
puniesJiere, and it will be very profitable
to the stockholders to push building ahead,
as well as u matter of deep interest to the
towu. We have closed the contract with
the Improvement Compauy whereby we
secure one hundred excellent lots in Plat
5, most of them being 50 feet in width
at the rate of one hundred dollars per lot,
payment on one, two and three years' time,
thus allowing the use of all our cash at
present for building purposes. These lota
were scheduled at two or three times thi3
price. Thecomditions on which the pur?
chase \?as made are that our company
shall erect a cottage on at least one-half
the whole number of lots, the others be?
ing then freed from building restrictions.
Others of the land companies have made
similar liberal propositions. We have
mndt) the first call? 85 per cent of our
stock, and it is being paid in. We have
employed a competent superintendent of
construction, who with a force of men is
now erecting a block of six cottages, as a
start. We expect to put up a hundred hous?
es during the year, and in fact, to push
our planB all along the line as hard as we
can within the limits of our means. We
think that no plan yet set on foot here
promises more good results to the town, or
profit to the stockholders."
East Bis; Stone Gap Land and Improve,
ment Company.
Senator Mills, the president, reports
as follows:?The company was organized
on the Sth day of April, 1890, and a meet?
ing of the stockholders was held in Good
son, Va., on that date. The capital stock
of the company was made five hundred
thousand dollars and onc-fith of this
stock is reserved as treasury stock and
placed at the disposal of the president
of the company to indnce the locating of
enterprises which may be beneficial to
the town and its surroundings. The land
owned by the company comprises about
two hundred acres is on the south
fork of Powell's river and is considered
one of the best locations for a town site
in this vicinity, and the S. A. k 0. rail?
road passes through the center of the
town. The Company has also reserved
all of the water front on both sides of
Powell's river for factory purposes and is
prepared to donate sites to any enterprise
that will help the growth of the place.
Among the principal stockholders of
the company arc T. B. Wright, Smithfield,
Va.; It. B. Lee, of Richmond, Va., M. 13.
Wood, Bristol, Tenn.; H. H. Downing,
Front Royal, Va.; James E. Yates, War
renton, Va.; H. D. Flood, Appomattox C.
H., Va.; James Russell, Winchester, Va.;
John E. Massey, Richmond, Va.; W. T.
Miller, Tacoma, Va.; Pcrcivall and Field,
Petersburg, Va.; Rixcvand and Barbour,
Culpcper, Va.; W. H. Pace. Raleigh,N. C;
E. P. Buford, and J. R. Rawtings, Law
rcnceville, Va.; H. A. W. Skoen, Big
Stone Gap, Va.;F. A. St rat ton, Johnson
City Tenn.; Chas. S. Hunter, Warwick,
N. Y.; L. D. Adams, Warwick, N. Y.; A.
S. Horsely, Abingdon, Va.; M. W. Bash
ford, Paris, Ky.; P. W. McKinncy, Rich?
mond, Va.; A. E. Dickenson, Richmond,
Va.; J. F. Bullitt, Jr. Big Stone Gap., and
many others. Since the 1st of August,
1800, the company has been heavily en?
gaged in grading its streets and in erect?
ing a large hotel, which will cost about
twenty thousand dollars, the foundation
of which is now about completed and the
balance will be pushed forward as rapidly
as possible. It will contain all ot the
modern conveniences and will be run in
first-class style.
There have been several store houses
and dwellings built and more are in course
of erection, and recently thirty odd lots
were sold adjoining the company's land
for the purpose of building houses for
laborers and mechanics to live in.
The furnace is also alocatcd near East
Big Stone Gap, and we hope to soon
locate several more enterprises in and
nround the town. There have been about
sixteen thousand dollars worth of lots sold
out of the company's plat No. 1 and the
schedule price is low enough for any one
who desires an investment or a building
site.
Mountain l'nrlc Association.
Mr. Jame s VY. Fox, president, being seen,
said:
"The intention of this association is to
provide, as it were, a Sunday for the week
of the work-a-day world in the valley be?
low, to combine the Asheville and Birm?
ingham ideas, to make a union of aesthet?
ics and pleasure with work and business
.(or the citizens of Big Stone Gap.
"^?Wc own 3,000 acres of land is this
county, about ten or twelve miles away,
which includes High Knob, Eagle Knob,
and other summits, being next to the
White mountains and a few peaks in
North Carolina, the highest points in the
United States east of the Mississippi,
4,280 feet. The view from High Knob on
a clear day, is magnificent, as one can sec
over the ranges of mountains that arD
tumbled upon one another, the stntes of
Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia,Tenn?
essee, and North Carolina. Mr. Peter
Wolfe, the engineer in charge, who has
completed the survey, and is perhaps
more familiar with the lay of the land
than any one else, tells me it is all that
could be desired, there being in one place
in tiie South Fork a convenient place for
a dam which, with a maximum height of
forty feet, would make a lake from 300
to 1000 feet wide, and from a quarter to a
half mile long. Perhaps a succession
of these pools could be formed, as the
water frequently flows very sluggishly.
Judge Maury, a fellow director, and I, a
few Sundays ago, attempted to explore
this stream from its source, a spring near
the top of High Knob, to the Amunega
Falls, and on to Big Stone Gap, but un?
successfully, as progress in those unex?
plored wood9 was necessarily slow, and
we did not find a diet of wintergrcen
leaves and berries particularly strength?
ening.
"However, as we got into such a tangle
of rhododendron and laurel that we could
scarcely proceed at all, except by wading
down the river for two miles or more. We
can bear testimony as to its limpidity and
coldness, which would probably guarantee
its success as a trout stream; and, in?
deed, the fish hatcheries of the govern?
ment have already promished us all the
small trout and other fish we want. This
will prove quite an attraction, as we know
of no place, except Cranberry, N. C, in
the several States around 119 where there
is trout fishing west of the Blue Ridge.
"In such places as we were in a wagon
and riding road and even a railroad could
easily be built, and as they are feasible
throughout, they (and the wagon road
first) most follow dirextly, as this is the
best way to approach High Knob. The
road will be especially pretty where it
crosses the river from side to side, so as
to give views of tho falls ; and it must of
necessity be a great road for coaching and
dinner parties. Of course these things
seenTa bit far off just now during these
times of stringent money, but they art
just as sure to come as that the sun wjll
rise to-raorrow. and perhaps sooner than
some of us think.
"Mr. Wolfe tells me that during the
time of his survey, when the snow was
from seven to twelve inches deep, he saw
a number of tracks of deer, pheasants and
other game, and it has all along bceuour
intention to surround this laud with ten
miles of high wire fence, and (by having
Swiss or Tyrolcsc iu cabins along the out?
skirts to prevent intrusion) to stock it
with deer, bear, wild turkeys, pheasants
and other game, which would surely mul?
tiply rapidly, and in a few years give
good sport.
' But a strong point, I think, will bo the
social features. Oddly enough the sum?
mits of the mountains are covered with a
luxurious crop of blue grass and
timothy, arid to-day you can see in
one place ten fine stacks of hay har?
vested this year. It has been one of
oar ideas, then, to build on High or Eagle
Knob, a rustic log hotel, at first small size
with a good kitchen and dining room and
a few bed rooms, all with old fashioned
fire places for burning wood, and stock
it with a lot of good things, and put in
charge one of thase Swiss inn-keepers
whose wires are bo often good cooks, He
should also be provided with a head of
jersey or other cows so that his dairy
should always have an ample supply of
cream, cheese and butter. Then, by tel?
ephone connection with Big Stone Gap,
he could be informed of the coming of a
number of guests, and have everything
rear^y for f heir entertainment and pleasure.
By and by would follow ball-room, a band
of music, additions to the hotel, and all
the members or their friends could wish
for a picnic party or a summer outing.
Members would bo allowed to eroct cot?
tages on these grounds, and I do not think
it would be long after its merits were
known before we would have a colony from
Louisville, Lexington, New Orleans, Rich?
mond and other Southern and perhaps
from some Northern cities, a coterie that
would insure a most enjoyable summer.
Mr. Procter and other friends have prom?
ised us their aid in the East, and as he
is very strong on testhetics I expect great
resuls from his efforts.
"I was put in this position without my
knowledge, and General Avers, who is the
father of the association, will nftcr the
annual meeting ncit May be the president
in name as he has been in reality, having
acquired the land for us on the most
favorable terms from Mr. Hagan at a
time when the Norfolk & Western rail?
road people (who always know a good
thing when they see it) were bidding high
for it for a summer resort, directed the
survey, and made all the other arrange?
ments."
Interstate Investment Co.
Mr. Billiard, president, in a recent con?
versation, said:
"Of course in the matter of getting
10,000 acres of land together there arc a
great many odds and ends to be shaped
up, and we are so engaged now. When
all this business is completed wc will
make a number of leases at very favorable
figures, and the coking business of Big
StoncGap will be very much enlarged.
For instance, some gentlemen in Shamo
kin. Pa., have been hurrying us in this
matter of a lease, but we have had to
postpone negotiations for awhile, but wo
will soon be ready for all comers."
Mr. R. C. Ballard Thruston, trustte for
this company, also said:
"I will soon send to Big Stone Gap a
diamond drill which wc have been using
on the lands of the Kentucky Union rail?
road, and with which wc may make some
discoveries that will add lo the present
great wealth of this section. This drill
takes out a core so the section removed
will be interesting to geologists, and in?
crease our knowledge of the strata. We
will bore our land thoroughly."
Water Company.
A stock-holder in the Big Stone Gap
Water Company has this to say:
"The dam at the head of the water
works on South Fork, six miles above Big
Slone Gap, and above any possible source
of contamination, has been put in; a very
large quantity of the pipe has been de?
livered here, and much of it hauled to
place and laid in the trenches, so you will
see the work is progressing satisfactorily,
and our people will have a water supply
this spring or at least before the summer
heat renders our well waterless palatable.
The elevation of the reservoir is 397 feet
above the town, so a system of water plugs
which will be put in will enable water to
be thrown over any building which may
be. erected here. And the excellonac of
the work is indicated when the contract?
ors arc willing to run the company for six
months to test any imperfections."
Valley Street Railway.
A director in the dummy line says;
"Considering the times, the Valley Street
Railway is doing a good business, both in
freight and passenger trahc, more than
paying expenses were it not for the cost
of getting a new property in shape. More
than a mile of truck is laid and the grad?
ing for nearly two miles more completed,
and the line will be extended as the needs
of the community require it. This will
be a great convenience later on for haul?
ing building materials, coal, and other
freights during the night; and passengers
traflic during the day, when we are larger.
Even now there are sometimes ten cars
on our side tracks. When necessary we
will get additional eastern money and
make improvements and extensions."
Industrial Notes.
W. C. Robinson, the jeweler: "Yes, I
have done a good business in Big Stone
Gap, as good as I expected; and I have
done an especially good Christmas trade,
selling out my stock of holiday goods al?
most entirely. One week recently I
shipped goods to six states, and last week
to three others, making nine in all, You
can attribute this to the excellence of my
stock, or to the cosmopolitan character of
our pupulation, as you like."
Goodloe Bros.: "We have done a good
business here, though our trade has been
somewhat affected by the money strin
;'Cjicy of the last ninety days. As you
see we have taken the adjoining store and
have erected this large warehouse, and wo
may also establish a branch at the mouth
of Looney or Callahan's cree/r, wherover
the station will be at the north end of the
Gap. At the proper time we will erect a
large brick store and warehouso at East
Fifth street and Clinton avenue, or on
Wood avenue if we can get a location on
reasonable terms."
From the books of City Collector W. B.
Kilbourne, we get the following interesting
figures:
The twenty largest tax-pavers In plat
1, the only property yet assessed, arranged
according to the amounts they pay on
property, held by them February 1, 1890,
are; Big Stone Gap Improvement Com?
pany, Whitridge & Fox, Boston and New
York; McGeorgei Nickels, Philadelphia
and Big Stone Gap; George W, Hcadley,
Lexington, Ky.; W. E. Harris, Big Stono
Gap; Harris k Hardin, Big Stone Gap;
Southwest Virginia Mineral Land Com?
pany, Norfolk; W. T. Goodloo, Big Stone
Gap; T. B. Trigg, trustee, Abingdon, Va.;
.1. H. Dult", Big Stone Gap; E. H, Ould.
Big Stone Gap; A. C. Harvey, Bristol,
Tenn.; Mrs. R. Summerfield, Danville,
Va.; L. B. Cook, John Gilly, Big Stone
Gap; E. M. Hardin, Big Stone Gap; C. H.
Bollen, J, B. Simrall, Lexington, Ky.;W.
H. Nickics, Big Stone Gap; W. W. Nick
les, Big Stone Gap.
Since then there have been many
changes, and many large present holders
of property arc not mentioned at all. But
the general holding by large owners at
stiff prices shows their confidence and ex?
pectations.
The two largest tax-payers on buildings
are: The Intormont Building Company,
Big Stone Gap, and Gen. R. A. Avers, Es
tillville, Va.
The six largest tax-payers of Big Stone
Gap on personal property are in their ordert
James M. Flannarv, Joshua F. Bullitt, Jr.,
H. C. McDowell, Jr., R.H.Jones, P.M.
Mill's Estate and W. 7. Goodloe.
The average of l?l lots in plat 1 is only
$391.75, and the total valuation of all only
$i??},460, which is absurdly low. Several
lots have sold at $300, and many are held
at $4,000 and $5,000, and the averago is
more probably bet weon $1,000 and $2,000
for the entire plat.
The above valuation is about that of
acre property, and this by an sbsord Vir*
ginia law musi stand, unless special legit
lation is ?tcured, which will probably be
the case.
These tax-lists were gotten up by Ir?
vine k Shelby, attorney*, and by R. T. Ir?
vine, commissioner of rovenue, while the
collestions are being pushed by W. B.
Kilbourne.
Building Notes.
Three stores and two residences are now going up
at East Big Stono Gap, and two other residences are
nadir eontr&ct.
fotir rtsldsncM art ia coarse of srsctlon near
Wolfs a Clay's planing mill and tbt station.
Ths South Atlantic A Ohio railroad people hare
pro mi nd a handsoms liuls $3,000 sutlon where they
cross tbs dummy Has.
De Basque* Taylor ara patting up two store-rooms
on East Fifth strset.
Mr. Hlllman, of I.ynchburg, in building a drug
? tors near ths postofflc* for S. L. Wbltehead.
W. C. Hob in.ion, ths Jsweler, is seeking a site on
Wood ?Tcnuc for a thr*s-*tory brick, lower floor to
be tor bis uses and tb? two upper ones for offices and
bed-rooms.
Mr. Cordlngly has built sn oflic* on the dummy
line for the accommodation of hU patrons requiring
masonry work.
W. A. McDowtll U putting an addition to Ms tem?
porary home.
Ths Big Stons Gap Building and Investment Com?
pany is to put up sixteen houses at once.
G. e. Sntton is about to build Are cottages about
his planing mill.
Hcssrs. e. M. Young, Kelly, McManaway and Sim?
mons will build at Sulphur Spriugs Additiou.
s. l. Whitehead has contracted for a house on
Gllly avtnus.
Gen. Ayers has flnUhcd the foundation of tho
handsomest house In the Gap, and will build the su?
perstructure of brown ssnd stone as rapidly as the
masons get It out.
C. II. Berryman has given the contract for his Pop?
lar Hill house, which will be double to Mr. Kaylor.
Tbs Exposition Hall aud residences for the following
gentlemen on Poplar Hill are In different ?tage? of
progress: Ay er?, Harris, Fox, McDowell, Berryman
and Fetter, coating from $4,000 to $13.000, and several
others contrsetcd for.
The contract for Mr. Fetter's house has been let to
C. R. * C. II. Spalding
The contract for the foundation of the Methodist
Chnrch has been 1st to Mr. Kuox, and the plans for
the snpsrstructursars In the hands of the committee
for bids.
By ths klndnpR* of Mr. norace e. Fox, who has
taken the trouble to eonnl them, It appears that of
the 205 houses In Big Stone Gap, 119 wore bulit prior
tu 1R00 and *lghty-?lx during that year, a growth of
71 p*r cent In one year, which Is eery encouraging.
The sound of the hammer and saw In now almost con?
stant. One ha? to ride around frequently to keep up
with tbs progress of the place.
FINANCIAL.
New York, Jan. 1.?The financial situ?
ation here has greatly improved and it is
believed money "ill become a drag in the
market before tho end of January. All
uneasiness has boen dispelled and no
moro failures arc expected.
THE OOURXER-JOCBNAI/S DROP
It Comes Down from it I'rctentlous Perch
and Lowers Its Price to Save. Its
Circulation.
Louisville, Jan. 1.?Quite a sensation
was caused this morning by tho announce?
ment in the Courier-Journal, that it
would hereafter bo furnished to sub?
scribers at 15 cents per week. It docs
this to save its circulation which has
never reached over 14,000 daily, though
it was popularly supposed to have many
more. The Commercial has been enlarged
to six pages and is crowding out its neigh?
bor for the city patronage. JThe come?
down of the Courier-Journal is regarded
here as very significant, and many believe
it is financially cramped.
BLOODY INDIAN FIGHTING.
The Troops And Hostllcs Have Had Sev?
eral Collisions and the Black Flag
is liaised on Both Sides.
Omaha, Jan. 1.?Since the battle at
Wounded Knee creek, in which some
twenty soldiers were killed and wounded
and about seventy-five Indians, the Up?
per Sioux, some three thousand strong,
have gone on the war path, under the
leadership of Big Head, Kicking Bear,
Little Wound antf.others. They are cn
route for the Bad Lands and a bloody bat?
tle is expected at any hour. Depredations
arc numerous, and there is great excite?
ment and alarm among the settlors.
Many of the latter have becu found mur?
dered and Scalped in every direction.
The black Hag is up on both sides, and
neither troops nor Indians show quarter.
In the last battle the latter fought to the
death, shooting after they had fallen from
wounds. A serious war is on hand.
B. S> G. Improvement Company Meeting-.
The meeting of the directors and bond?
holders of the Big Stone Gap Improve?
ment Company will bo hold at the Everett
House in New York, January 91. A large
attendance is earnestly desired.
??50,000 Building: Burned.
Baltimore, Dec. 33.?The Masonic Temple was ru?
ined to-day by firs. Luckily the burning took place
just before Forepaugh's theatre, which Is In the Tem?
ple, would bar? opened for the day's performance.
The building Is reduced to a mero shell. Nearly all
the records of the Grand Lvj<e aincc Its organisation
more (ban a century ago, the paraphernalia,uniforms,
record* of Individual lodges, contiy banner* and rel?
ics that can't be replaced, together with the fine li?
brary were burned. Tbc massive brick walls resisted
the Immsnsc heat which raged within, hut the east
end of the south wall was forced out of plumb and
will bevo to come down.
The Kentucky Union Railway.
Ths Kentucky Culon Hallway, oa its way to Big
Stone Gap, haa gotten so far on its road in the Ken
tacky mountains that it shipped out its first car?
load ot coal w??k before last. Its further construc?
tion will probably be pushed simultaneously with
work on tbc Interstate Tunnel, with which it wilt con?
nect.
Electric Light News.
To ttU public:
We are cleaning oat our w?U, making some needed
repairs on the boiler, and by Monday think w? will
have on the grouad ? competent electrician, when we
shall try to make * record of having lights oa every
night without tail.
Bio Stoxb Gap Etectruc Liasrr Cojuw.xv.
A man was going around town Wednesday with a
subscription paper to get means to bury a child, and
help e. c-ippled father. Ail such es*?* should, be car?
ried beton) the mayor tar inveaUgattoa, and If found
worthy, the city's contribution, cats than be property
supplemented by the public eaalrlty,
Icapaftioaes* Rebuked.
(From Ute.)
He?I know that yoa don't lovem*. I ?Wtaak
fortbat 1 octyask that.you ?tiu let a? tot* yen.
ffttr?Cm't yea wajt (oil KATry act&ebvdy.

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