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The Big Stone Post.
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at ?w<>nd-r!ot? matter, J>'ot. l*th, 18$*.
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Friday, January 9, 1891.
ScMCRIBKftB who arc indebted to the
Post will please forward the amount due
It wills pare us the necessity of dunning
them by hills. Many have been indulged
too long already in the hope that they
would do their duty without being dun?
Some Statistical Pointers.
Whatever may be said in regard to the
unfairness or traud of the census bureau
in estimating our population, it has fur?
nished the country with certain facts of the
highest value, particularly in their bear?
ing on Southern development. There has
been in ten years an increase of 73 per
cent in the population of Southern cities;
over 77 per cent in the value of property;
over 4S per cent in wealth per capita;
a reduction of IS per cent in State debts
and 42 per cent in municipal debts, and
of 21) per cent in annual interest, while
the total State revenues have increased
100 per cent. There has been an increase
of !>(> per cent in banking capital, 110 per
cent in railroad construction and 118 per
ccut in the number of railroad employes.
There has been a further increase, b'-l per
cent in manufacturing establishments,
207 per cent in the capital invested in
them, 153 per cent in the number of hands
employed, and 135 per cent in the value of
In the production and manufacture of
cotton. Southern industrial prosperity
is further illustrated. There has been an
increase of 107 per cent in the number of
mills, 231 per cent in spindle's, 238 per
cent in the number of looms, 201 per cent
in the bales of cotton used and 2111 per
cent in the value of the product.
Previous to l?0 little use was made of
cotton seed, but since then there has
been au increase of 360 per cent in the
crushed product, and 267 per cent in the
value of it.
But splendid as this showing is, the min?
eral statistics ate still more surprising.
There has been an increase of -ISO per
cent in the production of pig iron and
4121 per cent in steel; an increase ot 332
percent in the production of coal,making
an average increase of *77 per cent in the
value of minerals.
Much complaint is heard in regard to
the hardship of the farming interest, but
the census shuws that there has been an in?
crease of over* 60 per cent of farm products
and 54 per cent in live stock,this increase
being due in a great measure to the build?
ing up of mining and man facto ? ing towns,
affording the farmer a hon market for
whatever he raises.
Nor have the educational interests been
neglected, the report showing an increase
of 161 per cent in school revenues, and 67
per cent in the number of pupils enrolled.
This prosperty has been generally dif?
fused, Kentucky being the only State in
the South which declined in the produc?
tion of iron and steel which has not ad?
vanced with her sister states in her educa?
It is safe to say that this vast industrial
movement is yet in its infancy and that
the census of 1!*00 will show still more
marvelous progress. No other section of
the country furnishes such results for the
past ten years, and there is every reason
to believe the contrast will be more strik
within the next ten years.
The Tariff in the East.
The Eastern capitalists .ire by no means
sentimental, but severely practical, and it
is time for the South to adopt many of
their thrifty though selfish ideas. When
the maritime interests of that section
were in the ascendency Daniel Webster
delivered in the Senate a most ingenious
aud able argument to show that a pro?
tective tariff is unconstitutional. As soon
as the manufacturing interest became
the stronger he reversed his views on the
constitutionality of protection and became
its most powerful advocate.
We are now about to w itness a new rev?
olution in Eastern sentiment.
Senator Hale arose last summer in his
place and presented to the dignified und
august body, of which he is a prominent
member, one of I he most positive und com?
prehensive petitions that has ever been
offered in the Senate. It was a splendidly
worded document, and the signatures em?
braced more than five-hundred prominent
firms in the New England States. They
went on to declare thai it was absolutely
necessary to the future prosperity of their
interests for Congress to give them if not
free coal and coke, then lower duties, on
pig aud scrap iron. They pointed out in
strong language why they ?night to have
these concessions, and called attention to
the fact that unless relief ot this kind
was afforded it would be impossible for
their establishments to successfully do
Several years ago Congressman McKin?
ley during the course of arconversation iu
the Ebbitt-House lobby, made the signifi?
cant, remark that iu less than ten years
the people of new England would be ready
to go to* war if they did not have the ad?
vantage of a tariff so low that it would
approach free trade or about as near free
trade as is possible under our system of
government. Ue said at the time that he
could see the change gradually coming on
iu that section, aud noted the fact that
the leading newspapers of New England
were rapidly wheeling around on the
tariff question. He stated further that
'?/the New England people, had reached a
high state of perfection in the art of
manufactures, and that as manufacturing
advanced in the west aud south the New
Engl?nders would be compelled to seek
the foreign markets. They were able to
compete with the world, and tbej were
fast beginning to believe that they could
j carry on business without being protected
to any great extent. He was careful,
j however, to add that he did not expect
t any serious set-back to the cause of pro?
tection, for he believed that all that was
! lost to the cause in New England would
be made up by the gain in sentiment in
the West and South.
This is about the situation today. The
New England congressmen are getting
exceedingly shaky on the subject of pro?
tection; and the moment they come to the
conclusion that, on the whole, the interests
of their section would be best subserved
I by free trade, they will kick away the lad?
der of protection, and with the votes the
misguided free traders of the South, de?
stroy the South as a rival.
But their game is too plain, and it
should not deceive any intelligent person
here or elsewhere.
They have gotten rich by protection.
They can now do without it perhaps, and
they see the South and West are getting
rich by it too, so they who can beat the
South and West in manufacturing because
of their old establishad plants, if they
can get free raw material, want to admit
that material without duty. They know
the South and West have this raw material
and can beat them as long as the protective
poliay prevails. But without the protect?
ive policy they would occupy the vantage
ground. They had rather compete with
Europe than with the South.
They may hold their own against Europe
with free raw material, but they know
they can't hold their own against the
South with protected raw material.
It is pitiful that men otherwise intelli?
gent in the South and West, should be
willing to help them play their sharp liftle
The Devil and the Deep Sea.
The news from Washington is both good
and bad. It is difficult to say which meas?
ure would prove more disastrous to the
South and the Nation, the Force bill or
Senator Stewart's free coinage amend?
ment to the Silver bill, which, by a sur?
prising device has been brought up in tho
Senate for consideration and supercedes
the former. Democrats believe they have
thereby shelved the Force bill; but if they
seriously favor the measure of Stewart,
there is perhaps more danger to be ap?
prehended from its passage than from the
the Election law, infamous and hurtful as
it would undoubtedly prove.
Stewart is one of the silver kings who
bought a seat in the Senate, and who is
there for the sole purpose of forcing an
unlimited quantity of that metal on the
country. Should his amendment become
a law it will drive the$400,000,000 of gold
from circulation within twenty-four hours
after its passage and precipitate a panic
to which it would be difficult to find a par?
It seems incredible that the Democrats
are willing to become the tools of the sil?
ver syndicate, and ready to bring upon
,the country the widespread disaster which
must follow the passage of such a meas?
ure, but there is reason to fear such a re?
It would be bad politics as well as bad
statesmanship. It would give Harrison
an opportunity to redeem the disaster of
the last election and rally to his party al?
most every solid business man in the
Yet this is what the Democratic
politicians are constantly doing. The Re?
publican party no sooner gets into a posi?
tion where if may be beaten in a national
contest than our alleged leaders come to
their rescue, and by some idiotic blunder of
their own, change places with their ad?
versaries. For thi-" reason overwhelming
democratic victories in off years amount
to little. No sooner are the returns in
than the politicians devofc themselves to
the work of throwing away the fruits of a
victory which the masses of the party
The capital of our banks should be in?
creased, and in addition, the Loan and
building Association spoken of with $i2.">0
000 capital, should be started. To show
the profitableness of this last, here is the
annual statement of one with the same
capital located in one of the older towns
of Southwest Virginia.
Loans and discounts. $:i25,o<j7 31
St(.rk>. 223,265 00
Ken! Kstnte. 13,500 00
Furniture. G00 00
j Cash on hand anil in hanks. 115,563 53
Expensei and taxes. 2,ss7 G2
Undivided profits ami earnings.127,0*5 15
Deposits on certificate. a%fW4 73
Deposit* on check. 167,450 03
Bill? payable. 5,058 83
Itcdisiounts. 34,735 23
This certainly seems prosperous enough.
Our young men here have an 'abundance
of good securities and would build and en?
ter business if they could borrow money
on them, but there is an actual, sheer
scarcity of cash. One of the crying de?
mands of the place is an enlargement of
banking facilities and power to accommo?
date, and the establishment of loan aud
The Commercial Club.
The Commercial Club meeting Monday
J evening was interesting, though there was
not a large attendance. It has become
apparent even so early since the or?
ganization of the body, that it can be made
a useful institution.
True, there is a lamentable lack of in?
terest on the part of some of the members,
aud several of the committees are dilatory
and neglectful of their duties. Rut a nu?
cleus of stirriug and intelligent workers
has been formed and results are becom?
It is unfortuuate that more members do
not attend the meetings regularly; and it
is unfortunate too that greater effort is
not made to secure additional membership.
There aie a number of working men aud
merchants in the city who have not been
enrolled, though the aims of the organi?
zation are directed toward the furthering
of their interests. If every member would
bring in a recruit next Monday evening
their presence would add to the interest
of the meeting. A crowd draws a crowd.
The initiation fee. is small and the
monthly dues a mere song. Both hare
been put at the lowest figure in order to
secure the membership nnd attendance
of the humblest nnd poorest. It is clearly
to the interest of every citizen to aid the
organization by his presence, his counsel,
and by such material contributions as
one can afford to make.
Words need not be multiplied to prove
this. It goes without the saying; and he
is a short-sighted person who does not see
it and act on it.
Lunatics at Large.
Three prominent papers in the South
seem to be edited now by the office cat.
Referring to the election bill the Mem?
phis Appeal-Avalanche says:
"It will unloose the dogt. Where now is peace will
be disorder. *'*.'*.*
"Force fhould meet force. The response of the
South to Ibe Clotore resolution should be nn appeal
Can anything be more ridiculous? Such
stuff would be comical were it not hurtful.
Coming from the leading paper in a lead?
ing Southern city it will be used as reflec?
tive of Southern sentimt nt, though there
is no reason to believe a dozen sane
persons in the entire South even have
a toloration for such nonsense.
Then here comes the Atlanta Consti?
tution, whose editor is dead, and referring
to the financial situation says:
"There is no alternative, if we can not get rid of
financial oppression peacaldy, wc must iln it forcibly.
Men are nut going to sec their trade. Industry prop?
erty and money wiped out or taken from tbem with?
out a struggle. We are not alarmist*, bat we feel it
our duty to sound a note of warning. For the fir-t
time in th<; history of the country cotton in our South?
ern seaports fails to command the money that it calls
for. The plutocrat? have locked up the currency of
the Republic so securely that they can. when it suits
their pleasure, beggar the planters of the South, the
farmers ,,f the West, the merchants everywhere In the
land, and make tramps of thousands of laborers be?
tween the two oceans I"
Add to these extracts the utterances of
the Courier-Journal denouncing manufac?
turers as "robbers" and the projectors of
Southern industries as frauds, and we
have a spectacle which reflects seriously
upon our public school system and our
laws for the confinement and treatment of
It is singular that intelligent people will
tolerate such rot in newspapers assuming
to be leading and representative. As
long as there are vacant rooms in our lu?
natic asylums and cuddies for the confine?
ment of refractory office cats, such splut?
ter is inexcusable.
A Catholic priest, who has been much among,
the Indians, says they were starved into re?
volt. Their rations have been cut down by
the Indian Commissioner, and their numbers
were not fully reported by the census agent,
They have been victims of a false count, and
have unquestionably been robbed in many
other ways by the Indian agents. Rod Cloud
complained that his people had no newspa?
pers. There is no doubt the red man has been
for years the victim of corruption and mis?
rule. Hut the fates seem against him and the
200,000 Indians remaining in this country
must soon disappear and live only in song and
story. Many think they had as well die light?
ing: and, after all, it is as easy ami satisfactory
a mode of exit as any. Sitting Rull no longer
feels for his wronged race.
All his bitterness was suddenly swallowed
up in the bitterness of death. A shot, a stretch
and rigor of the limbs, and all was over. Red
Cloud survives only to sutler.
General Watt ITardin is being urged tn be?
come a candidate fur Governor of Kentucky.
Though General Ilardin has some mistaken
views about political economy, he has a head
fur business and is thoroughly in sympathy
with the industrial movement in Kentucky,
which is working its way through the restraints
and snares of her politicians. If all the South?
ern States would elect Governors having like
interests ami .sympathies. Southern progress
would be aided and not hindered by State ad?
ministrations and Legislatures. It would be
refreshing to sec a man of business sagacity
and foresight Governor of Kentucky. General
Hardin could be of great service to his State,
and that service would be increased in value
if he would boldly take the bull by the horns
and upset the cliques that have been having
things their own way, and retarding Ken?
tucky's progress. No State in the L'nion is so
badly in need of a shake-up.
The city council merely " talked over " the I
drainage question at its meeting Monday eve?
ning. Something more must be done. It will
be vastly cheaper to drain the ponds before the
streets are graded. It will be vastly cheaper,
too, to do this draining during the winter be-1
fore the summer's sun, beating upon the j
marshy places, generates the*poisonous mi?
crobe that causes disease and death. It is
much easier, as well as cheaper, to prevent an
epidemic than to recover from one. The failure
of the council to appropriate one or two thous
and dollars for this purpose during the winter
will cost the city an incalculable amount before
another winter. The people of Rig Stone Gap,
and those interested here, may pass this warn
ing by with indifference. Other new towns
have done likewise and have virtually been
desolated. This is the most important mutter
that can now engage public attention.
A committee was appointed by the Commer?
cial Club Monday evening to consider the feas?
ibility of making a new county out of Wise,
a part of Scott and a part of Lee, locating the
court house at Rig Stone Gap, It seems that
Lee county is very narrow, though it is fifty
or sixty miles long: and Gladeville, the county
seat of Wise, is badly located, and, in winter
and spring, almost inaccessible because of
muddy roads. Mr. W. E. Harris brought the
matter up fur discussion, and the sentiment of
the club seemed decidedly favorable to the
If the council wants to confer a debt of grati?
tude upon the citizens of Rig Stone Gap as
well as upon those who are yet to become citi?
zens, they should adopt some plan for drain?
ing the ponds and prevent an epidemic next
summer which will throw us back five or ten
years. There is no use mincing matters. The
city must be drained and we must have a
capable Hoard of Health. Commence in
Kentucky was the only Southern State that
produced less iron between '80 ami *'J0 than
between TO and'SO; and Louisville is the only
city where an audience can not be had to hear
a literary lecture. Iron and culture go to?
gether, and both are enemies of free trade.
C'ounellsville has cut January coke to $1.90
at the furnace. Rig Stone Gap coke, though
superior to that of Conncllsville, will always
be supplied at from fifteen and twenty cents less
than the Conncllsville price. Our coke makers
can drop to $1.45 and still make good money.
January 19th, will be General R. E. Lee's
birthday; and by a law of Virginia, it is a legal
holiday. Steps should be taken here to cele?
brate the eveut. All classes and all parties
may appropriately joiu in paying honor to Gen?
eral Lee's noble character and his greatness us
a soldier and a man. Iu every town in the State
there will be some ceremony commemorative
of his birth and heroic life. Big Stone Gap
can not afford to be dilatory in paying homage
to his majestic memoir.
At a charity ball in Louisville perhaps the
handsomest lady in the city appeared as Cleo?
patra, and one of the homeliest of men as Marc
Antony. The dramatis persona?, however,
were selected with reference to the truth of
history. Shakspearc tells us Antony had " a
lean and hungry look," while Cleopatra's fair
form was rounded and shapely, presenting a
ravishrag picture of softness and beauty. The
lady's costume was mure modern: and when,in
the first tableau, the slare removed the
Queen's robe in the presence of C:rsar her form
was still dr.i|>ed in a gown of pink satin, ex?
quisitely trimmed?an important concession to
modern modesty and good taste, though a try- !
ing strain upon modern curiosity. Who the
flare was we arc not told; but, judging from
the newspaper description nfthe lady's beauty,
his name must hare been legion.
The baby Indian, less than a year old, w ho
lay on the battle field of 1'ine Ridge exposed
to the bitter cold for three nights and days,
clinging to its dead mother, and yet survived,
may prove a little red Moses to lead his tribe
from captivity and oppression. There must
be vast possibilities in a baby capable of
withstanding such exposure in a Northwestern
It pains me to learn that the courts, under
our Democratic institutions, are so unapprecia
tive of titles and aristocratic surroundings that
they will not allow the Duchess of Marlbor
ongh more than $80,000 per annum for her per?
sonal expenses, and have rudely ordered that
the remaining $50,000 of her income shall go
toward paying her debts. What a pitiless,
grasping crew- her creditors must be to s.-ek so
large an allowance of her income, leaving the
fair duchess only a pittance of$S0,000 per an?
num ! It must be a flinty-faced Shylock in?
deed who would whet his knife on such a heart
Said one of our civil engineers: " When I
was in Kansas City a few years ago, and about
as impecunious as a real-estate agent in a new
town when the boom is somewhere else, we
boys, working on the cable line, used to stand
on the street-corners and bet with one another
as to the number of men and w omen who would
pass in a certain length of time. 1 joined them
one day, when I knew what was happening a
few blocks off, and bet them all I conldraise as
to th? number of negroes who would soon come
by. In fifteen minutes I had the crowd dead
broke, for the negro funeral which I had seen
around the corner came by in full numbers and
with martial tread."
\ J Everybody is complaining because of the
scarcity of good washerwomen or the need of
a good laundry. The washerwomen ply their
avocations for two or three months, then com?
mence speculating in real estate, buying a lot
or two on Poplar Mill and here and there a busi?
ness block, and if one mentions soaps and .-mis
to them, they become highly insulted. There
is such a thing as getting rich too fast, and j
that's what's the matter with the big Stone
* * i
The newspapers are still commenting oil the I
fact that James bane Allen could not draw an
audience in Louisville to hear his lecture.
Louisville is not a literary city; an average so?
ciety woman and the average society man
knows far less about literature than about the
fashionable feather for the bonnet or the fash?
ionable tie for the neck. They talk of the bal?
let and the price of pork; and their active
sympathies are most deeply aroused in per?
forming-some act of toadyism. What care
tbey for a lectureon literature? They are not
sufficiently acquainted with literature to hare
the desire for learning; and consequently they
rather resent the presence of a literary stu?
dent among them. '? Why torment us before
our time ?" they ask. ?' Why come among us
and remind us that we know nothing of the
literature of either the South or the North ? In?
vite us tit a dinner at the Pcndennis, that wo :
may sip wine with dudes ami enjoy the con- ;
genial companionship of sap-heads, and we
will put up live dollars per plate. But one or !
two dollars for literature?never ! "
We assume, to begin with, that ? So?
ciety Notes " and " Society Scraps " were ;
invented by a retired soapboiler, who car?
ried his business interests into his private
life, and desired to advertise the elegance
of his furniture or the beauty of his
daughters. The soapboiler hypothesis is I
the only tenable one that occurs to us,
because no man. sure of his position in
society, would desire to make the public a
party to his private actions. In this view '
of the case there is but OllC objection to
" Society Notes." They are too meagre.
The opportunity to make this feature of
the newspaper readable to the general pub?
lic is at hand. The soapboiler has deliv?
ered himself over to the reporter and the
reporter has handed him over to the mer- j
cies of the public, and the public de
mands a full account of his receptions i
and all the details of his private life. :
When we go through with the soapboilers
let us have?but in the meantime, if the
reporter has done his duty, he may find
that parties arc held with locked doors.
While the reporter is about it. why does
he not describe the roitf/e, the vanity, the
powder and the paint'.' We are only car?
rying out " Society Notes " to their legiti?
mate consequence, and may best illustrate
the true system as suggested to the re
porter by the following extract from Al
phonsc Daudet's." This is Daudet's
description of a party in the days of the '
regiim of Napoleon III:
"From the place in which he found him
self he witnessed the curious procession
of Jenkiu's guests, which was not ended
at midnight. The open saloon, the vast
ante-room, whose doors had been taken
oil. on w hich floated out the long trains
whose silken weight seemed to draw back
wards the iiudraped shoulders of the la?
dies, in that graceful ascending motion
that made them appear, little by little, un?
til their glory was completely revealed.
The collides, when they reached the top, I
seemed as if entering upon the stage, and
that was true, as each of them left on the
top steps, the frowns, the lines of care,
the air of weariness, their anger and their
sadness, and showed a satisfied counte?
nance, a beaming smile on the calm com?
posure of the features. Tin; men exchange
loyal hand-shakes, fraternal effusions;the
women, hearing nothing, absorbed in
themselves, with little stationary prances,
graceful shivers, and much play of eyes
and shoulders, murmured a lew words of
welcome. * * * * ' This
society is horrible,' whispered the pro?
vincial to himself. The smiles that sur?
rounded him appeared to him like grim?
The publication of society notes may
be traced to the English method of ga?
zetting those received by the Queen. But
this is requisite information to a nobil?
ity and gentry widely scattered, and the
ceremony is a feature of an established
society. The public is, in a measure, in?
terested in it, and description appertains
to a class set apart, and involves some?
thing more than the dress of the wearers.
In fact the dress on such occasions is a
rcgulutiouscostuiue, probably so ordained
to prevent any senseless display. Any
public-occasion, for that matter, will ad?
mit of a description of toilets; and. per?
haps the couutry has a right to know what
i tbc wife of the president wore at a re?
ception: and very possibly, the public has
a right to demand what Sirs. Harrison is
going to wear on the next grand occasion
at the White House. But we emphatically
deny that the public wishes to know what
Miss Anybody wore at the cooking club.
There is a common law against obstruct?
ing the public highway. The public has
the same rights in regard to the columns
of a newspaper. Perhaps the reporter is
largely to blame for it, certainly no beau?
tiful woman, with graces and charms, daz?
zling or simple, requires to be heralded in
the newspapers. Men do not go to the
" society column " to hunt wives. At best
this publicity only gratifies a vulgar van?
ity, and is plainly an element and evidence
of weakness. Society is full enough of
vanities and follies without being cheap?
ened after this fashion. Societv has it?
own laws, and has as much as it can do
to take care of itself in its own quiet and
orderly way. Let us have some enjoy?
ment, some special right to the beauty
and blooms in our own households, and in
our own circles of friends and acquaint?
ances. What is the use of sharing it
with the shop-boy? After we have drank
the wines and finished the supper let us
clear away the table, have the dance out.
and be done with it. Let the flirtations
ripen if they will; let the young men pay
for their hacks if they can: let the hap?
piness come of it as much as there may?
but let us keep it all to ourselves. Be as?
sured, this newspaper notoriety is wholly
American society is, in a measure,
unstable, but it is not true that "we have
no society.'' The possession of wealth
is undoubtedly essential to that leisure,
which is as essential to social enjoyments
as well as to the cultivation of the graces
and amenities of life. Wealth does not
leave families in America so rapidly that
at any one time no members of the Old
Guard are left. It remains with them
long enough, moreover, to impress on them
all the tastes and qualities which belong
to a self-respecting body of people who
represent here that society which, in Eng?
land, for example, carries in it all the
principles of honor nnd refinement. This
Kind of society, which has gained these
qualities by experience and tradition pos?
sesses a common sense and judgment or
instinct, which gives to each member sim?
plicity of manner and a safe-conduct in
matters of etiquette. Its principles arc
higher than such as are based on wealth,
however indispensable wealth may be for
certain purposes of society. On the bor?
ders of this lifeand in its shadow, are
those whom misfortune has overtaken,
those young men not seen at the parties,
tint who are struggling to earn bread for
an impoverished family which keeps up
the old traditions. In this border laud
live the maidens who have all the graces
and charms that dazzle in th?' parlors they
never visit. Linked to this circle proper,
is this obscure society of true gentility.
The living part of it, that which enter?
tains and moves in the fashionable world,
is considerate nnd unostentatious. It
does not need, and does not wish, to
display itself in the "society column.":
We have only suggested a topic which ,
the glib writers of the Northern magazines,
who contend that wc have no society, may !
reflect on. As to notices in the newspa- J
pers of the movements and actions of
people, there are many matters of legiti?
mate news. The noting of the departure
of many people for watering places in
the summer, may, in fact, be and is a mat- ,
ter of interest, and a convenience to a .
sufficient number of readers to make it
desirable information. In the case of a
"society man" of the inferior type, who is j
it debt, it certainly affords some sort of
amusement to his creditor, and awakens
some admiration for his debtor's sublime
cheek. To record the movements of such
a man at Saratoga is to interest the tail?
ors and bootmakers. But wc are about to
enter on a branch of this subject which
is too attractive and too large a field. A
description of the methods, and inner and
outer life of this society, must be left to
some future Alphonsc Daudet.
VIKWKi) l'KOM A DI STA NC K.
What a Northern Observer Think* Ibiiill
the Resources und Prospects
ni the South.
In its labor, which, in the number of
employes,includes 38 per cent of the labor
of the whole country, strikes during the
last decade have been but as OIIC to twelve
in the rest of the United States. In its
supply of water power, which equals six
times the entire water and steam power
in use for manufacturing purposes in the
United States in 1880 and which can be
utilized at an average of $1.70 per horse
power against an average of not less than
$15 in the rest of the country, it possesses
the cheapest and most abundant motive
power in any country of equal area in
the known world. Thus in labor and
cheap motive power, the two most impor?
tant elements in the conversion of the
natural wealth of the country into forms
available for consumption, the South
And when it comes to an inventory of
natural wealth the showing is immense.
Over 40 per cent of the area of the South
is still heavily timbered, as against 10
per cent for the rest of the country.
There is still standing about 230,000,000
liiill feet of yellow pine, the best and most
endurable of all the pine for building
purposes. When to this is added the
other timber in the South the sum total
reaches 800,000,000,000 feet, with a mar?
ket value of $10,000,000,000. The yearly
cut of timber in its various forms amounts
to more than $100,000,000 in value, and is
In the last ten years the number of
blast furnaces has greatly increased and
the production of pig iron risen from
??110,772 tons in 1880 to 1,684,60*1 in 1 >!'?)?
an increase of 480 per cent. In the mat?
ter of fuel the South has an abundance of
cheap anil exceilcnt coal. The bulk of
the ore front which the .Southern pig iron :
is made is native. There are more than
twice as many cotton mills as in 1880. The [
number has risen from IUI in 1880, con?
suming 180,971 bales of cotton with a pro?
duct worth $16,356; 182, to 334 in 1890, con?
suming 545,250 bales and turning out a
product of $54,199,370. A striking feature
of this exhibit is the proportionate in?
crease in the value of this product; show?
ing that the new mills are largely devoted
to the production of the finer grades of
Another remarkable index of the grow?
ing prosperity of the South is found in
the rapid increase of its railway mileage.
This has more than doubled in the decade,
having risen from 19,572 miles 1880 to
41,118 in 1890. The gross earnings last
year reached $119,897,205. Of course I
so much railroad building and so great an
increase in the manufactures of lumber,
cotton and iron must of necessity have
stimulated agriculture, which, before
the war, was the chief resource of the
South. In this field the showing is
an increase in the farms from 1,551,067
in 1890; in the value of agricultural ma?
chinery, from $67,372,500 to $120,750,000;
in acreage, from 54,679,140 to 75,511,429;
in the value of products,from $611,699,145
to $984,707,000, and in tin- value of live
stock, from $360,066,883 to $555,905,108.
One could go on indefinitely showing
from the census statistics regarding the
increase itt banking capital, the assessed
value of property, the rate of the in?
crease in population and a hundred other
particulars, how since the death of slavery
the South has experienced a new birth in
industrial prosperity, but the figures al?
ready given will suffice to indicate the
The One Thin - Omitted.
"I want tci pay Ibis bill," he said to the clerk.
'?Km 1 think you have made .-. slight error hero In my
favor. I've been reading the extras and I cannot nnd
that you have charged anything for telling ate it
LtFE TA KEKS.
Four of the iteoently Elected Farmers* Al?
llance Candidate* From the Palmetto
State Have lleen Charged trith Mur
t der and Tried for the Crime.
(Washington Dixpatcli to the Tlia??rSi*r.)
It is notable that tour of the men who
were elected to important offices by the
Farmers Alliance of South Carolina have
been tried for murder. The unfortunate
circumstance is not necessarily of itsell
a reproach to the honored gentlemen, but
it is, to say the least, noteworthy.
So long as these gentlemen were, merely
private and unaspiring citizens the inci?
dents of their lives were (not matters of
general interest or concern, but as they
are coming to congress to make laws for
the government of the country these inci?
dents, extraordinary as they are. are legtt
i imately subjccLto the pryings of curiosity.
The most prominent figure in the Farm?
ers' Alliance movement in South Carolina
?ras Gov. Tillman. He is one of the four
who were tried for the killing of their fel
lowmen. Unlike the others he wxs con?
victed and served a term of imprisonment
the then governor of the State, refusing
to grant him a pardon. The murder was
committed in Edgefield, S. C. in a gam?
bling room. Tillman. SO the story goes,
became involved in a dispute with the
dealer of a faro game as to the amount
of money bet on a card, and it was agreed
that a bystander should settle the dispute.
He decided advcrsly to Tillman who there?
upon shot him dead.
Tillman fled the State and was absent
several years, returning at the breaking
out of the w ar. He was arrested, convic?
ted of manslaughter and served out a sen?
tence of two years' imprisonment.
Senator-elect Irby, who is now a staid
member of the Baptist church was along
in the seventies outlawed by Governor
Simpson for the alleged killing of a man
named Kilgorc in Lauren- county. He
decamped when a reward of $1,5(10 was
offered for him and remained out of the
State until the affair blew over, when he
returned and was acquitted. His next
exploit was to arm himself with a shotgun
while he was painting the town of Lau
rens a bright V'ermillion and defy the au?
thorities to arrest him. For this bit of
pleasantry he paid a fine. Then some
man offended him and be brought one of
his negroes from his plantation, cave him
a horsewhip and catching the offender un?
awares, held a pistol to his head and one
to the negro's head and compelled the ne?
gro to whip the man. Other acts of gcu
tle playfulness arc charged up to his ac?
count, but as he has for sometime led an
exemplary li:'.- they are not remembered
to his discredit, and the above are only al?
luded to as a part of the history of the
man who is soon to take his .-eat in the
Councils of the nation.
Shell, the Alliance member-elect from
the Fourth Soutl: Carolina district, was
once tried for the murder of a man named
Joseph Crews, who was an active Republi?
can politician during reconstruction times.
Crews had a good man;, enemies personal
as well as political, and one night while
he was driving along the public highway
in a buggy w ith a companion he was tired
on from ambush and instantly killed. Mr.
Shell was suspected and was arrested and
tried, but acquitted. To this day the
identity of the assassin remains unknown.
Johnstonc, the Alliance member-elect
from the adjoining district?the Third?
was charged with murder some two years
ago, but w as acquitted on a plea of self
defense. While Irving a case bet?re a
justice, he became involved in a difficulty
with another member of the bar ami shot
him dead. The evidence showed that
there was provocation and that when
Johnstonc fired the fatal .-hot his life w as
in imminent danger.
11 is such an extraordinary circumstance
that a State should send to congress three
men that have been defendants in murder
trials that it is worthy of mention. And
w hat makes the circumstance all the more
remarkable is that all three were elected
by a new political party.
I*ARN ELL'S TKA1TS.
Iiis Mysterious Methods and It egal Man?
ner Toward Everybody.
(ii. IV. Smalley in the X. Y. Tribune.)
Mr. Partiell has always been the mys?
tery man of politics anil people now think
the mystery is cleared up. The mystery
was Mrs.O'Shea. When Mr. Parnell was
not in the House of Commons he was at
I'.ltham in her society, or at some one of
the many other places in which this long
intrigue was at different times carried on.
His absences were often commented on:
never explained. The discretion of the
English press in such matters, even in
these days of new journalism, is often
admirable. There have been many peo?
ple that knew what was going on. There
has bean plenty of surmise and, as Mr.
Parnell's friends believe, seand.il. Once
or twice, as we saw at tin: trial,.some hint
or veiled statement has found its way into
print, generally into rather obscure print,
but of that publicity which in America
would have thrown an electric light on
the doings at lYoncrish Lodge there has
Never. I suppose, did any man carry
secrecy and mystery so far. It was sup?
posed at one time that Mr. Parnell cloak?
ed his movements because he dreaded
assassination. That was more particularly
after the PliOMiix-Park murders, when the
ralutioiis between tne Irish leader and
the iuvincibles, as with the dynamite and
other rather extreme wings of the party,
were Ft rained. It is difficult to say whether
danger really existed or whether Mr.Parnell
believed it to exist. What is certain is
that long after it was over the mystery
was still kept up. His own party, his own
followers?comrades he had uotii?never
knew where to find him or how to reach
him. During the session he gave no ad?
dress but tin- House of Commons, and
often he was nol at the lb.use for days,
sometimes not lor weeks. A great pile
of unopened letteis and telegrams would
be waiting for him when he came. They
were never forwarded, because nobody
knew where to forward them. When he
arrived he opened the telegrams and some?
times the letters. Sometimes?not al
always. He has been seen to put a great
packet of sealed letters into the fire
without looking at them.
He cared nothing for society, but of
late years some of his new Liberal allies
or their wives have sought him, and asked
him to dine. If they knew his ways, thev
sent their invitations by telegraph; nor
were they even then always received. There
was one case which will serve as well
as man;.. A telegram was sent inviting
Mr. Parnell to dine at a well-known house
on a specified day. A large party was to
be given: perhaps Mr.Gladstone was to
have been present. No answer came from
Mr. Panic!!. The day arrived and the
dinner took place without him. It was
on a Wednesday. On the Wednesday
following about noon his hostess received
a telegram in which he excused himself
on the ground of absence for not having
answered earlier, adding that he would
dine with her and her husband that even?
ing with pleasure. Her husband .mean?
time hud gone abroad; she herself was
engaged to dine elsewhere. Rut she was
a woman of resources and of flexible mind,
saw at once that he had mistaken the
date?an easy thing to do with a telegram
?threw over her engagement; sent oil
half a dozen dispatches to intimate friends
who could be asked without ceremonv for
the same evening, and when Mr. Parnell
arrived he found a company assembled,
though not a large one, and went into
diiinecwithottt dreaming he was a week I
The difficulty for those who had busi?
ness relations with him was not less. His
party never knew whether thev might
count on him or not. What they did
know was that messages and entreaties
were thrown away on him. If a great
Irish debate were on Mr. Parnell might or
might not be present. None but ,.
wits in his confidence. Numherle??
stances might be cited, bat thin is not"
biography nor an obituary notice; ornot
yet. I will but remind you of the cont>r.
ence he summoned recently ar [, ,
summoned, and then did not giv<
the trouble to attend. He thought ?
ficient to send his order* by telcgra;
so it was. They were followed to th<
fer. He has never taken much . .
conceal his contempt for his sssoi i :r. .
But the odd thing is that he .
same regal manners toward others
higher position. He was not caret
to keep an appointment, even ?
the appointment was with Mr. Wad-ton*
and the subject of conference oik i ?, .
the policy he had at heart. Nay,
confidential advisers in the two
porfant matters of business I
had to transact were not trusted
address, or not- for a long tim< ?
I them as with his political puppets,
same mystery prevailed; there ?ra? ?
j same suggestion of some occult ??
that was all-controlling and all- ,
with Mr. Parnell. To hear thai :
fiuence was Mrs. O'Shea's i? i -.
the whole country; even t?> th ?. - .
many of those, who were not his ft
Selections from Heine.
(Lafayette and Napoleon
Whatever infatuated friends i
critical enemies may say. La fay i tti - ?
purest character of the French revol .
and next to Napoleon he is ,:- ..
popular hero. Napoleon and La!
are the two names that now
fairest in France. Their fame no .
is of diverse kind: the one long! i
for peace than for conquest; th?
fought for laurel, rather than : ? .
oaken wreath. It would certain
ridiculous did we seek t>> measure ?
greatness of the two heroes by t: . .
standard or to place the one i?:; : .
tal made for the other. It wo
surd to set the statue of Lafayetti
Vcndomc Column, that column cast
cannon, the booty of so man
fields. On this bronze pillar :? a<
Icon, the man of bronze, there, as
supported by his cannon glory.
isolation, towering to tin- clouds -
every ambitious soldier, as he .
him?him, the unattainable ma*
heart humbled and cured of his vn
for glory. In this way the
metal pillar serves a lightning-i
for conquest, seeking heroism, ami
the greatest value for the pea< ? :
Lafayette reared for himself i
monument than that of tin \
Place, and a better statue than
metal or of marble. Where
found marble pure as that heart,
strong as the constancy of tin
ette? True, he was a mau ot Ida? ? ?
was the bias of the magnetic need ?
ing ever to the north, am! no; ?i?mct:i ,
to the south or the east by way
For forty years Lafayette- has il
pealed the same thing, and ?
pointed to North America. It was
inaugurated the revolution by t; ?
ation of the rights of man. To this
helms remained faithful to tin- ?:?
lion, without which no political
is to be expected?lie. the iiivariab]
w it'n his invariable cardinal poii ? ?
city. Verily, he is no genius, .1- '?
Icon was, in whose brain the eagh -
spiration built their eyries whilsi ii
bosom writhed the serpents ol cak tl
Hut the eagles had no terror for Lai
and the serpents no power to - du \.
a youth he had the wisdom ot nge
old man. he preserved the fire
A protector of the people against i
cunning of the great, a protector
great against the fury of the ;.pie. -
patbizing and combating, never pro
tuotis and never despondent, harm
ly strong and gentle. Lafayette ren
always the same, and thus, with this ;
tiality. he has stood on thesami ?pol
the days of Marie Antoinette to tin
cut hour: a true Elkhardt of freedoi
still stands, ever leaning on In- swoi . . .
in warning attitude, beside the en I i
to the Tuileries, the enchanted Mount*
of Venus whence come magical cnl
strains, and out of whose scducti
the poor captive, once enthralled/:an :
It is certainly the case that the lead
Napoleon is more loved by the French
people than the living Lafayette
haps he is so just because he is
which, as far as I am concerned is n .? I
like best about Napoleon ; for were h> ?t
alive I should have to aid in his over?
throw. The name '"Napoleon" is for i
French a magical spell that elect rilii -
stuns them. The voices of a t;.
cannon sleep in that name, as in the
until of the Vendome Place, and tin I
leries will tremble when one day the
of these cannon shall awake. A> i
uttered not lightly the name of theii
so here the name of Napoleon is J
heard: he is always "the man"?I'll
Hut his likeness is every where, ii. ?
ing ami in plaster, in metal and in
and in all situations. On even bo
and on every street corner, are t
found orators who praise him?"tin
?and ballad singers who chant his
On my way home last evening as I ?> ?-?
passing through a little obscure -'
saw a child of scarce three years -* -
beside a tallow candle fixed in tin ?? ?
lisping a song in praise of the pn il
peror. As I was in the act -it throw _? i
SOU ill the outstretched handki i
heard something glide close up I
which likewise begged for a - It
an old soldier, who assuredly ?
sing a lay about the faun- of the y
Emperor, lor this fame had cosi
legs. The poor, maitned fellow beg:
a sou, not in the name ol God, ; it
the most confident fervor implori I '
the sake of Napoleon?"an ?
leon donnez-moi un sou." His natu
the people as an exorcism. N ip
thcirGod, their worship, their ii
religion which, like every other, ?< ? ? *'
come hackneyed at last. Lafayetti
other hand, is revered rather as n
as a guardian angel. He also livi -
tu res and songs, but less heroic i
speak frankly, the effect u; n
rather ludicrous than otherwise,
the t-'s-th of duly last I heard i
"iAifayette en cheeuux blmic*,
Parxieime, whilst 1 beheld the
seit wearing a brown wi_' and si
near me. This was on the Bastil
The man was on the right spot, an ?
could not but inwardly smile, i
such an admixture of the laughal
him home more closely to ?
hearts. His boufunnie is appreci
by children, and they understand
deur better than do grown p<
him too I can relate a little begpu
dote, which also serves to distill}! ~
character of his fame from that ol "
Icon. As 1 was standing the otl -
a street corner in view ot the I *nl
and, as usual with me when conti
this beautiful building, lost in un
a little Auvernat came Up to mi ? ??
ged a ton. To be quickly rid ul
gave him a ten-sou piece. Bui u<
approached with greater fainiliarit ?
inquired: "Do you know tiein ra!
etteV" "1'Jnt <r ijiii' t'oos con
Qenerul Lafayette?" When 1
in the affirmative to this Strang? >|
a look of proud satisfaction ov< -
the dirty naive couilteuaueC ol tin
some boy, and with the queerest ? :
uess he said: "He is of mv c<
"liest de mun payst" The little A
at thought no doubt that a pers
gave him ten sous must surely he
tnirer of Lafayette, and he then "
ed me worthy to make the acquaint*
of a young country man of the old K? ??'
A Murderer Turned 1'rruclu-r.
Ptsevru*, Kv., Jan. 7, W9L?Andy .)?
PlnevUie Terror," noted for the immt? r :
in? killed, baa become converted and i- 1 ,
jorler, having Liken the pulpit ul u numb
in?-, lit the mountain dlmrtcts. The a*
very largely utteuded. Jwhu?ou ba~ UIW
a ?coro of inen.