Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY.JUNE 22 1391?
THE FREE LANCE published tr! weekly
asan Independent newipapor. lslooated at 906
Oomaeroe (or William it.), Frederlcksburf,
Virginia, and 1? luuod on Tuesday. Thursday
and Saturday mornings by " TPe Free
Lanaa Nawspaper, Baek nntl Jab
Printing Campant of Fraalarlaka
barf Vlrf lala."
lia labaortpUon Terms are llJo per year,
?1.00 for S month?, 76 oenta for t aauttha. or
t ) oenta 'or t month?.
Ita advertlaing Ratea are tor one square of
ten Unea or leu. flrat ln?ertlon,60 cents.and 36
eentaToreavoh additional Insertion. 110,00per
square pe? year. No poaitiofj i^re?i and no
- fqratitrn a?leerti?iem?ffc(? are taken at a leu rate
than our home patrone pay. The right lire
?erred to reject or modify any advertisement
Is deemeollbelous or otherwise objectionable.
Tearly advertiser? discontinuing- durum- the
y??r will be charged Invariably at traasUnt
All letter? recommending candldatea for
office must be paid fortoinaure their publi?
Beaolutlonaof respect to deceased memln-rs
poseed by ?ocletle?, corpcratlous.assoclattona,
or other organizations will be Invariant]
?barged for a? advertising matter.
All communications of every character
? hould be addressed to "TH?KKKB LANl'aV
Weather forecast for Fred
ericksbUTQ and vicinity.
Fair Thursday. Light fl
to north ie> st winds.
The total gold production of the
United States in 1898 amounted to $< 4,
463.000. an increase of |7,100,000 over
Thirteen new cardinals were created
by the 1'ope. at a cousiatory held
Rome Monday, but there were none
It is now known beyond any
reasonable doubt tbat the surface trac?
tion railway facilitiea of the cities of
New Y'ork. Philadelphia, i'ittsburg,
and Chicago are controlled by a group
of four men, representing an aggrega?
ted capital approximately 1100,000,000.
In other words, a great street rail?
way truat ooveriDg at present the four
oltie? named and others in priepect
have been formed.
Cleveland street car riots furnished
bloody scenea on Tuesday last .probably
as many sj8,000 were engaged m them
Oars were knocked into flinders and
the strikers boarded a car disguised as
passenger* and assaulted the conductor
with a coupling pin?one motorman
opened fire on the crowd with a re?
volver and did aome damage. The
polioe dispersed the moba. There is said
to be a prospect of a settlement of the
Delaware has entered into competition
with New Jersey as a bidder for the
trcts. New Jersey a few years ago
adopted laws particularly favorable for
the incorparation of trusta, and as a
result secured fees aggregating an im?
mense sum from trusts taking advan?
tage of the favorable opportunities of?
fered. Delaware became covetous of
the good fortune of ita neighbor, and
lately proceeded to frame a law which
it was calculated would attract aome of
the trusts into its limits This law
gave riae to the formation of a corpora?
tion trust company of Delaware for the
purpose of facilitating incorporation in
Governor Tyler has been formally in?
vited to attend the convention tobe
held in St. Louis in September to con?
sider the matter of uniformity of
legislation regarding trusta. He has
replied that he will be present if pos?
sible, and try and have Attorney-Gen?
eral Montague attend with him.
It ia alao said that Go v. Tyler has
been asked to name some persons to at?
tend, and that he will name those who
may wiah to go. The Governor should
not thus treat this grave question, but
should put himself in correspondence
With the ablest men in Virginia, out?
side of the congressional delegation,
and endeavor to Becnre the presence of
snob. Let him try to get say four Demo?
crats to two Republicana, and one
Populiat representatives to attend.
Roanoke, Va., June a, If
Predericksbarg Free Lance,Frederioks
Gentlemen :?Some weeks ago the
writer purchased of a dealer in second?
hand books the poetical works of Sir
Walter Scott, in ?even volume?. He
was somewhat anrpriaed to find the
name of the publisher, or printer, on
the title page as follows :
' * Fredericksburg, Va
E. D. Withers,
This little edition ia bound in full
oalf, about 4J-4xG1!! inches in size, and
is wonderfully well preserved. The
writer, being somewhat of a printer
himaelf, ia interested to know tbat at
this early date. 1824, Frederickaburg
boasted of a publishing house equal to
the task of getting out such a set of
If not too much trouble, won't yon
kindly ask someone who is posted on
suoh matters^in your city to give me
anoh information, briefly, in connec?
tion with this publisher, or the pub?
lication of this set of books, as he may
have at his oommand.
Thanking yon in advance for yonr
courtesy, we are
The Stone Printing & Mannfac'ing Co.
Diotated by Mr. Stone.
The Free Lanoe baa made much pri?
vate inquiry with the view of answer?
ing, if possible, the foregoing, but
Without avail. It now prints the letter
With the hope that some subscriber or
reader may furnish the writer and this
paper an answer if possible. As it has
been but seventy-five years ago, The
Free Lanoe hopes for some information
from the older people about the matter.
It teams, as onr correspondent says, that
aa early M 1824 Frederioksburg was
?qnal to the task of getting out snob a
sai of noatio works.
Jone i'.? h, '?<
Xu The Free LaUoS
There have bean sevi
papara latelv calling attention lu
conduiou of Chief Justine Maishi
gravtv Being in Riobmond m Mi
went with a tneinbai of hia family
Bhookoe Hill Cemetery to investi)
the matter. The cemetery ia altuo*
thing of the past, and the aeotion ll
well kept up as any, exoepl when tl
have been raoeut interments The i
fenee is in good condition The gl
is covered by a marble tomb, al
three feet high, with a granite *1?
duplicate of tue one he plaoad over
wiie's grave a few yens befi re
death. The Insoription he wrote SN
??.lohn Marshall, sou of Thomas
Mary Marshall, Was lorn the J ?th
September, 17M? intermarried ta
Mary Willis Ambler the 3rd of Jaoui
17v.', departed this life the ?tli da]
July," wbiob can he read without
slightest troubla Bo surprised a
we at the i- ndltiona we found
section in, we Inquired of the keepe
any work hud just been done,he repli
Bons Now if the Sute of Virginia
intimated, wants to have charge of Ju
Marshall's grave, aa one of her i
languished sons, whom abe wiahea to b
or. I feel assured those wh i li lie t?
so faithful, for the last *ixty ye.
would gladly allow bar thai privile
hut not beoanse it was neglected.
Sometime ago rhe Free Lance pi
llahed from s m" r-xohange a atatemt
that the grave of John Marshall was
an utterly neglected condition, '1
foregoing, from a highly Intellig?
l?ers ui who has been t ? thespot.refo
?v. Th ? Tree Lance, howev
thinks that then might t.. h.- a mor
distinguished the c mutry hat
dueed. And if tin- Bar Aa
Virginia ibould take up the matter
believes it would be j dned by the 1
\-- teiation of the L'nited ?tat -
monuinent inltable to so great a mei
orv would be erected If The F:
Lance is not mistaken, tbealleged ne
?ected condition of the grave of Chi
Justice Marshall was brought to the ?
tention of the public iu in
The Juue number of the
Magazine ,its firs! issue.pul
uasass by Mr W H W M oran, editor
the ManasatS Journal is received 1
literary merit and typography are e.;u
to the best Magazines We aincnre
trust it will receive tbe genet -
port it merits The following i- i
table ot contents
The outlook for Southern Lit i
by Prof. Kent. I'niv of Va . M
Lassie, a ptern, by Wo i'a^'e Cartel
i- vernment and High Education, Hoi
K. W. M M Put up thy Sword, 1>
H. M Clarkson , Jalare LongStn
the Georgia Scenes, .Tain** 1 Hod'
kin; The I. ad's 1' r-iw-t M
poem, Henry L Flash Qoethe Milt
red Eatherfaid ; The Man with th
Hoe, Edwin M ark h am , George Bal
combe, reprint, Beverley Tucker.
Storm at Sea. W. H Qibbs; Thut
Years After, Ellen Mandara m I'.
mous Southern poems, kV -.
The July number will contain thr?
interesting articles?a narrative of th
battle of Frederieksburg in 1
short sketch of Robert Toombs aud tt
religious views of Thomas J>
The price is fl 00 per year, or tenoent
The downward tendency of the ba
anee of trade in favor of the [ nite
States, which has been indicated fu
the last f'iur months, i- evident
the balance will soon reach a norme
condition, in striking contrast will
the enormous excess of exports durini
the last two years. This excess of ex
cess of exports from the United State
reached t*315.439,6?G for the fisca
year ending June SO 18W8, and ha
reached 149 for the elevei
numths ending May 1899, The exc?s
of exports of merchandise continued b<
large during last winter that tin fall?
ing off during the spring haB not ye
reduced the figuers for the fiscal year
to a normal basis, but there is everi
indication that the next tiscal year,
beginning July 1, will ?bow a balanc?
not more than large enough to pay the
interest on American securities held
abroad, the freight charges of foreign
vessels and other elements of the real
balance. This is the opinion at the
bureau of statistics at Washington,
where a careful study of the monthly
movement of the export and import of
trade in made.
It is said the nearest estimate as to
the quota of the Senator? and Repre
aentativeB, for appointment as clerks iu
the Census Department at Washington
is five, or four, at the least Thus, Vir?
ginia, having two Senators and ten
Repr?sent?t i veB, would be entitled to
sixty olerka, one-half being Dem?crata
and the other Republicans.
It ia now aaid that there will be no
competitive eiaminatioii8 for these
plaoes. They can only be obtained by
the endorsement of a Senator or Repre?
sentative or the Republican State Com?
mittee of Virginia, of which Park Ag
new ia at the head, and while the ap?
plicant will have to undergo an exam?
ination, under rules prescribed by the
Civil Servioe Commission, it will be
non-competitive, and designed only to
ascertain that the person ia qualified.
The minimum, 70 per cent., will be re
quired in thia non-competitive exami?
Senator Martin has given up his
rooms at Murphy's Hotel and has chang?
ed his headquarters to his residence,
near Soottsville. His brother, Mr. Iiealie
Martin, who is hia private secretary 1?
with him. Mr. Martin will come to
Riobmond frequently for conference
with his friends. He ia fully convinced
now that the opposition to him will
amount to but little, bit he will not
let tbe grass grow under his feet. -Rich?
mond Correspondent Index-Appeal.
It will be seen that Senator Martin re?
gards any praotioal oppoaition to him
The war In th" Philippines is costing
the I uittii state \ million of dollars
?i iiy and apparently aooompHshini
praoticslly not bin?,
A (?legrara from Manila as* -
"The v hi il et i n vejuol reoi ivedtbe
propositi 11 t ' h enlist with any
thusisaro The -.-150 i ITered them
honnty th ? -s m.i ?i 'in t?i bave appealed
to the tro ips, sud tbs i tab, Nebraska
and Pennsylvania regiments v. ill sunn
nail for tin- United Statea with almost
their full '?u ?ta ol men, Ism those who
have fallen in battle or have been strick?
en ? Itll i.l-cl e
Many ol Ihev Innteers appear I ?bavs
growu despondeut over tin? Uovern
meat's appsreal neglect In failing to
basten forwad re-euforcementi to light?
en the burden thai bM rested oontin
aou?ly apon then sh mlder? i ?r montbi
Both 11.'innil Punston and Ueneral
Hale have declined t '1er?? to remain on
duty in the Philippines us well m the
Other ni -r- m their c mm.?mis They
My thai the men in their brigade! are ex?
oellenl ughiers.no regular troops or vet
ing them in brav?
ery, discipline, snd endurance, bnl there
i-" nevertheless a la Ii ol the patriotic
enthusiasm with which the volunteer??
were filled when they enlisted in the
Spauish war and for that reason m well
as ?i desire to get a t*sl after a bard
oampaign the two generals are anxious
to go home with their oonirasndi The
arms of the home-going troops will be
lett here to bo us< d in csm of i morgen
The bol rainy weather oontinuM and
the hospitals leceive new victims every
day. Tim oppressive atmosphere is
enongh t > take the enthusiasm "ut of
the most ardent lighten
r nr hundred sick and dischsrged
soldiers who were able to be moved
were taken on board the transport In?
diana yesterday sud the ship Miled for
San IT.in. i-, u tod ?\
1'hc California i nitcd States Senator!
p/ired the War i apartment m fol?
s inthern ? ipp ?rii Admin
iitration in us . ?: irta t. lupprem th??
Philippine insurreotion, ami tenders
the i'resrieiit for immediale service
rganized and thoroughly dieoip?
lined ?regiment of infantry Offioeri
?ind men ready t ? embark m -
Ai i menu- t ? defeat Mr Martin the
--.1 it t bold a nominating convention
-, bul the tltfht was
made too late. In the R anokeconven
tton, where W A Jones inaugurated
the ti??'iit. it might have been carried t
iMue, hut tin? opponent! of
Martin did not, at thai Mine, unite m
the movement Martin wm then u
whipped candidate Hi- pi
atel i . ? enthosiam. When
ever hi re the audience, and
as often, he fell like a wet blanket
on the deles i ipe ital r* Don?
an ,1 mea inaugurated and lead
anahle Light .gainst Martin, and al
1 he nearly WOO, hut
the opp 'ii>: ' itorM irtm did n? t
se.- their opportunity ami let it slip
them Binoe then Mr Martin has bean
puttitii?' et md in
tnsli m has -1 changed
that h?- n iw appears t" be an invinci?
ble candidate to incceed binuelf in the
- Warrenton Virginian.
The foregoing is ab? nttbetersest
f the n-e, prt greM and failure
of the m ivemenl to ou?t .Martin from
the U s Senate The Free Lance has
itside of its own columna Jon
after the Roanoke c invention The Free
Lance pointed out to C ngressman Jones
Ins pportunity, but be h.-sitated and
I i, and now he li n it m the race.
t- in love and war, it is, as
the French s:.y, 1'Audaceter that wins.
The WMbington, I? 0 . limes says,
touching appointments in the census
at Washington :
"N iw that Senators snd members an
charged with lbs resp ?nsibility of rec
mni-ndiug appointments for the cleri?
cal force of th" Bureau, their reoom
mendation being limited to a certaiti
number, the piessure ?from this quarter
has fallen of) lOtne, ami the S?-nators
and members who have made no end of
promises ur- scheming to avoid embar
The Cape Charle? Pioneer alluding to
the candidacy of Hon. W. A Little
for Congress says
'Mr. Little is about one of Ute
most brilliant lawyers in the State, and
wtmld make an able, fearless, faithful
representative Wenn doubt will have
a number of good men to select from,
when the proper time arrives and it
will be a very interesting race, to look
forward to, as there will be several
candidates from the Bastera Shore."
Camp Mead??, Pennsylvania, will be
broken up and moved elsewhere, owing
tO the displeasure ol th- ( '? Oft i ninent at
the prosecution of the army oanteen by
the Pennsylvania authorities.
In the street car strike now on at
Cleveland, Ohio, the women are hurl?
ing bricks at non-union men, and
greasing the railway tracks.
The Navy In Need Cf Officers
The navy is in sad need of more olli
cers. As a result of the lack of com
missioned olli'-ers three ships are already
laid up and cannot be placed in com?
mission, although they have just been
fitted out at a great cost to the govern?
ment They are the Bancroft and the
Top'ka, at the Boston navy yard, and
the Ranger, ut the Mare Island (Cal.
navy yard All of them are ships of
the cruising type and very useful in
the class of work which now devolves
upon the service. Nearly all the naval
Offioen are on duty. The shore duty
to which each naval officer is entitled
has been shortened, and hardly any one
secures the customary tour of duty on
shore before his return to duty on ship?
Other ??hips will be ready for service
shortly, and with the new vessels which
are nnariug completion, the demand for
uaval officers will bee 'me more urgent
The prospect is that ships which have
been in commission will have to be
placed in ordinary and the newer ves?
sels put on the active list. It is possi?
ble, however, to meet the situation by
decreasing the number of officers at?
tached to each ship of war. This could
be done, it is said, without overtaxing
the officers, and would give greater op?
portunity for individual service and the
chance for independent command.
There is no difficulty about getting
enough enlisted men. The force at
present on duty is IS,656 men aud 7.?7
b-ys and apprentices, and this is not
up to the authorized strength, which is
17,000 men and 2,500 apprentices.
A sad accident occurred at the home
of Mr. P. S. Orrison. near Taylors
town, in Loudoun county, a day or two
ago, when his wife, a most estimable
lady of about 45 years, wu burned to
Want lo Become a l'art cf the United
In a signed article dated M Kills,
British West [odies, ?Jane i :. Augus?
tine Mondesire discusses tbe question
of the annexation to tin- United Stales
ni the British possessioni m 'he West
lu lies lie ?ay?
Is there r<.oiii al i nols Sum- fireside
fir another adopted son It so, then
are 1,000,000 fiee, intelligent, industrr
ous people willing and anxious to throw
in then lot with the United States
Matters hare have gone from bad to
worse, owing to the negleotof the Brit
lab government ami the Indiffen
our petitions, mid thus .1 mice prosp?r?
ons country, although exceedingly fei
tile, is being gradually reduoed t" its
primitive condition Tins has naturally
brad the greats t dissatisfaoti u, and
all classes of tbe community are united
in urging the bomi govern meut to opt n
negotiations with the United St it. m
looking t'i .m esohange i t these ialanda
tor territory reoentlj acqntred in the
Tin- in ivemi tit in f.ik jr of mili .n W 11 Ii
the United Statea ma* be asid tu have
set in eighteen years ago A boni thai
time the great depn aal n m the pi ice
uf sugar the ?tapie i.lint ..f the
ialanda with tin- consequent ouitsil
ment in the expenditure uf th" pi mta
tiuiis, made it clearly apparent that a
powerful and pernioioua agonoy, m th<
sbape of the export bounties granted by
Uarmany and other countriea t> their
sugar producers, was nt work, which,
if unchecked, would eventually make il
lillji ?aible ! : tin- liili.il.H.lilts of thi'
Ialanda i li uni thrive The apathy
and utter indifference >>f tin- Britiah
government to tins state of things baa
convinced the intelligent aeotion of tbe
people ?hat there i- n i prospeot that
John Hull will alter Ins course of will
take step* for their protection,
Sommi i up. ".ii rcaa - eking
a change of !l ia.'- STS as f .11 iwi
i. Bacanas the persistenl refn
the British government, In -pite ..f
thirty year-* of ugit.i'i in, ? etitl
apjveals of various kind-, to d i simple
justice to them m the matter of -ugar
bountii is i "'i the people I
erty and despair and I i I them
from all claim t > 1 lyalty and ?.?: i
allegiance to the mother country
Because th- ind extr.iv
a>-'.un administratii n maintained in the
les against the ?rill of the people
entails heavy and oppressive t.iviti n,
which is entirely out of proportion to
the k,|,<n<ier an i ??? no i means
of the inbabitai
I ? i - ? . : the
i-i mda to tin- United States ma h -
latter country th
their ? ind a- tii" hulk
imp rt? to c>me from there * -
I Because in a very abort tin," the
population of the United State? will
number 100 000,000 and aa Ameri ana
are among the lart'e-t o asum?
tugar in th" w ?Id, n? rporation with
the Unil i tee tbe
West Indi muuerative
market fur theii
which they '. trom
Becanae tii" p ipulati m
i nited States ,- ? ?sent i ally l
and under republican Institution!
p. litioal liberty and equal riKhts of
Oitlsenahip are the birthright ol all,
irrespective i ?
f. Because at any time the \ oited
- government may, by achanga m
it- '.iritl law, discriminate against the
Watt Indies, and, then being no other
available market for the staple pr ?duct
of these islands, the i liable
to be reduced to starvation at any DO
mi nt This preoari ma and al
dip. odeooe on the grace if a f rei^u
government is very nndesirable, am!
should come to an etui.
',. Because with an assured protected
market in the i oited States and ander
Iba stimulus of American em-rgy ami
American capital industry would re?
vive, trade generally would Improve,
th.- demand and the remuneration f t
labor would Increase, tin- wb li -.ill- ex?
odus of the ere,mi ,,f th" pipuht
lion, which is now faking plaoe,
would be arrested, tbe cloud of ?
ami depression which ba?ara like ? p.ii
OVI-r the ItlandS, Would be lifted mid
nil classes would be richer, happier,
btttCt ' tl and in .re contented thin
th? y aie under tin- hopeless and de
pressing conditions that as a result I f
the apithy of the British government
Bogart Will Not Attenl
Ansiin, Tex. June 90 -Oov, Sayers
has received a letter from <i r? H igers,
of the State of Washington, declining
to attend the anti-trust convention ,?t
St Louis. He ?ays :
?'In reply to your invitation allow
nie to aay that It will be impossible for
me to attend It has occurred to me in
this connection that many people are
advocating State control of trusts with
insincerity, thinking in tins way to
pass through the next national camp lign
with ?afety to themselves, feeling sure
that whatever State l?gislation may '.??
enacted which will really curb the
power of trusts will eventually be de?
clared unconstitutional by the United
States Supreme Court With those who
thuB and for that purpose advocate
State legislation regarding trusta 1 can
have no sympathy, and I am bound to
believe, too, that legislative action
which seeks tu control the formation
and management of trusts will prove
Masked robbers bound the employes
and blew open the safe of the Fairmount
Park Transportation Company, of Phil?
adelphia, on Monday night last, secur?
ing about 14,000.
President Mi Kiuley attended the class
day exercises of Smith College, Massa?
chusetts, and later went to the summit
of Monnt Tom from Holyoke, Mass. ,
where he is visiting.
Charles E. Littlelield, Republican,
was eleoted to Congre?? from the Second
Maine district to succeed the late Nel?
son Dingley on Monday last by 10,000
Judge John T. Lovell, of Front
Royal, who waa paralyzed sevrai
weeka ago, i? steadily improving and
ia able to walk about without aa
The Louisa Newa ?ays : The farmer?
of Loniaa are enjoying one of the finest
seasons for crops wo over ?aw. The
Wheat orop? ?re medium ouly, hut the
oorn, hay snd tobaoro crop? promise
Parmi- a lu 9*e i i
l'Ile ltl liisfiial fini '.N ? h
ingl h on M ?day, began Ibe si .un
icr. u i agi i altura! ivllm ?ei fron
the - intberti Hates, the first witnei
being Mr ,1 nues B irrett, i f Augusta
( tu.. geni ral ri b pi ildi ol ol lh?
Mr Barrett, the witnesi I ?d ijr, ImI
tilled e-i"'i i illy a mcerning the oondl
tioni in ?l< rgis ii" Mid thai sgrl
cultural oonditii us m I he south art
DOW WOfM than they have ever been
Then- i. ii natural inoras.f agrl'
cultural Iah Hers in the Booth, bu
there is no Immigration there Im
migration is prevented by the l"W rat'
ot wages paid Negro labor is rerj
?generally oonflned to the farm, and In
the s .nth there l- a dispositii u tO M
elude negt,es frmii mechanical pnrsuiti
TheM labors hired by Ihe months
are paid r a month and hii bonM am
? keeps " \s hen cotton picking o? me
he is paid from thirty to forty cent* i
hundred for cotton picked, and the ni
f,ru w ill pick finio i"" to 125 p mndi i
? I iv I, ib ir at three d'il ni a monll
w hl ill iw the i '
cent- ,i pound, winch h now the pria
m the m nket.i'iit lab i ii ??? ? mnntl
will not permit fb" indusli
.. Iom Ti... c linnv it? i-s ubsrgs Ihi
credit oust' mers a profit "f 50 ur |(K
per i ?-ut "ii ? b ?t they sell, oredll us
nally being f"r not more thin foui
iii'iifhs 1 I ?? |.r cotton r litMl has f.
|mv - i? t cent on money he borrows,
ami promisei lo -< id Ins ten bales "I
c itton t" tit" lender i end t'
i i\ i ".,mtiii--n'ii nf $1.50 l:
prevented fr-mi raising ten bams be
pej the ' .until ?i .u anyway
N ?TION M. ii'
The great ti ?uble In Iho south, he
m i- ft 'in the fa ' thai tht n il
lona] bank aot prevented thoM bank?
lending m ?ney on real ? itat.cur It y
lin-, 'outlawing "ft1 ? lecor
ItV be believed tu If? th" l-'.t? HI WllV
money c mi In the
-1 he national bank law, ' ha - ? I,
ii. oire the agricult?
urists in the - 'Uth than ans legislation
enacted by the govei mnent
Nine tenthi i the il r ? p is
mortgaged before It ii picked, and that
fact makei In necessary t sell Ihe cot?
ton when picked ai
The tt 'ii mills of (Jeorgia ne be?
ing operated almost exclusively by
native whites, and even the luperin?
nts, who went - luth a hen the
mills were established, i" being dis?
The Willie? Mid I lili . ? i '
I igh in < leorgi i
t tied by II the most II
.ntrv i hs trou?
ble with Ihe public ?? si that
there w <- t mn ih p dittos m them,
The tame facilities are given -
white and lildren f >r edooa
ti n Agriculture c ?ndttiom In 11
wul'l be improved if flu* nan nil bank
; iw would uil'tw rity f"r
loans by such link- through
th" government ownership t i ii
The witness had diversified bii
Formerly he raised ? 10 b il
now be raises bul ten or twelve bales,
tbs balance "t the land be cultivates
being in tru'-k gardening, bul be had
ii" money bv if. At one tune all
about ins section ni the State water
mi 1"HS W'Te r.u-" 1 \ iw
no watermelon! are planted, for the
. thai high railroad rates prevent?
ed fio m from getting the or p to the
HU.H R ITIfl m INTEREST.
They had but two hunk? in his c ,m
tv, and they obarge ten p?t i ?nt f. >r a
loan of three months i bal amounted
t i forty per cent , mil before they bsd
tWO banks they pud ab .ut lipv |e r
i '?nt per annum
The Philippine Situation
The Washington, l>. 0 , Tii
If anything wan needed to Jolt the
Administr?t! m oui "f ill palais l Phil?
ippins polioy the Manila news uf yes?
terday ihould do it, and the indication?
an- that it did. Th" litUStiOU "f ? ?Ms
ami li i h c iin ?nanti, as disclosed in the
dMpatobes, h lerious, if not desperate
'lin? attack apon vVheatoii, north of
Imas, "iily twelve miles from Manila
Instead >>f twenty as the inspired
tTgans are misrepresenting it, and
his narrow escupe from annihila
(ion, muy be taken us sulficienf
evidence thai the backbone of the re*
bellion is not broken Our forces rallied
as usual and made a gallant fight,
finally driving the Malays hack and oo
CUpying the villuge, which m not re
garded us worth holding, That of
OOUIVe, is a War Oilice euphemism for
"impractioabls to bold." Wheaton
muit kt <>p on the move ami keep the
enemy on tlM m ?ve, or lie would ?iuick
ly have all he could do t ? get back to
his base. The Tagala appear to have
retired in good order aft?-r their tight
at Iinus, for they aro reported in force
at Baena Vista only two miles west uf
the former. We may be sure that rec?
onnoitring in that direction will be
conducted with considerable care, and
not by small parties
It has beeu observed that luuis, where
Wheaton was last reported, is ttVtlvt
miles from Manila. It is not probable
that Otis will care to push his outposts
farther s .uth The native taotics are
too suggestive of a design to draw our
(lying column on that side as far away
from the city as possible and take it in
flank and rear. If the area between
headquarters and Uavite, ami the bitter
place and Liguna de Kay can be kept
open it is ?juite as much as anyone need
expect or hope. Even then an attack
apon the capital itself is always possi?
ble, circumstances favoring the enemy.
We should he glad to hear something
concerning MacArthur's position,m ?ve
ment, and prospects. At latest ac?
counts he was at Sin Fernando and the
main Filipino army under Aguinaldo
was between him and Manila What
then, of oar northern c dunm.' No
wonder our offl ?ial are worried !
If Mr. McKinley is, he is able io
conceal it while making pleasant little
Speechen to sweet girl grailaates Put
antler a smiling exterior it may be sur?
mised that he wears an anxious heart.
A fine three quarter length portrait,
in oils of Lieutenaut-Ueneral Richard
S. Ewell was added last night to that
unique collection of Confederate sol?
diers, whiuh is the pride of Lee Camp.
IIiiw a New York Jmtff? Waa EWt'd
During thi< lutter part nf th? aft*?r
n -.--si m of the ?ndn it *1?1 commis
s ion on s ?i utility then waa an iututeai
mg debate over the statement ol th.
with"-.* M i, Look wood, an nil pro
doom of /, -li .1101,!... i',, ti ,t Judge
Albert 11 il?hl f th? N? v i ,ik i ri
id appeals bad b. en elected by i
i upn..n fond supplied by i
? of ins action in what is knoa n
as the Matthews case i pi ?oaedlng of
the railroad combination against the
independent refiners II" afterward said
that while oonvin ied tbe f.i"ts w?im as
be had atat? d, be b ?i d .t a tually -. en
the fund, therefore the atatetm nl was
mi Inference only
At thin p ?int Mr I'.ini ih.ir i t the
com m I lalou i to pi itei t agaiusl the
characlei of tt ? teatimony, saying that
.lodge n dgbt was liia m st d ?or neigh.
i one i i ih" purest men he hi I
evei known ll" had nevei bel ire b? u I
an itni n' in hi up hi his di irai t'-r II"
appealed to Mr (jocka Ktd to have the
statement atriekno oui of his testimony
"Ih" statement, ' ' he said, "wa
testimony, but is m is pure libel "
Mr I,- kwood - nd thai be also knew
Judge llaight and thai he bad been
-mi i laed al the ipp irenl dt r?lo|
The issue hud been ral ted In tbe cam
p lign and be bad nuderstood thai he
ran behind hii ti ?ket
After n few general remarks by Ibi i
meinbera ol the 03mmls?lon us to the
advi?ability of striking out the entire
statement, Representative l!>-il made i
?gainst the demand tu
eliminate any of tbe teatim .ny I ' a i ?
not, he -ml, the province of tin- com
mission to tell a witm-ss what be muat
say. II ? said be h id notii ed th il
meinbera ? ' the commission i
-? nsitive when something w i
wbioh did not entirely fall iu with
theii pimlilectioua. Il waa perfectly
o uipeteni for any man coming hen to
enti it kin pintona up in any f these
subje ?>- and t ? advam ?? them or to criti?
cise [? . o- In this c
tion be -aid that <? iv Lan il.of WU
. iii-in bad said th it th>-r>- wei
? idges ,n the auptn me o mrt bench wh i
were pal there for the purp ?n of aecui
iug th- nullification of the granger law
i oat anoed other oases in winch
the railroada had secured the appoint?
ment of judges wh,?.- lympathies were
? been If this was a said Mr.
Bell, why should a mini be barred fr< m
s lying so ? And if the commission was
log f ' para -'imony he
?vi ubt be compel] ?? ben it came
. ing th i"!' f of the comn
|| bad n il l" "il non p.n '
\- m ther illustration if the m an i
. tii.- part !' the raili
he qa ' in member of th"
congressional p il
Ing to , dings m aid come to
nought becauafl tbe
postmaster general, wh i baa
? rs, is in tympatby with the
. i- a man was not - ? n I
ib- lar i ?? of the place he occu?
pied, and if a judg? 00 the bench is
11 hi- p ?n Mu by devious
M not the duty Of the
t , ?-r.-eti him
Former Congressman Phillips, presi 1?
IDs?, hell that the testimony was com?
AniL-Tixbfil By Filipino-.
i n- Baltimore Boa saya;
"The enemy ambushed a column ol
American tro pa yesterday ab
fr im Manila, with the
" of our man wan killed aod
26 wounded Fighting continued ?11
day with severe losses on both aides
than the em my '- bulb is w re
the dangers Inourred In overexertion
and eap ?ore under the summer sun in a
malarious tropioal climate Doubtless
the germa of disease were planted la
many a gallant man's ayatcm during
the hard dny's work. Everyone Boat
pity the victima of the mistaken policy
of Imperialisn tbat causes the lighting
in Lu/.on If the cause were a rigbfcoua
one the blasting of so many lives might
: i-"d to be balance by obvious
benefits, but as it is the war seems a
mere waste of life and money.
A N.w Life Insaraac" <'empany
Richmond Va., June 10?Arrange?
ments have been perfected for starting
a new oldllne life lnsurauee conmany
ban The paid-up capital is to be tJOO, -
""'i Those engagi'd In this project
include some of the best-know business
men her.-. There was paid to nonresi?
dent companies during the past year
$1,000,000 in life insurance premiums
in exc?s? of the death loases sustain?
The pea pack in Baltimore and, in
fact, in all parts of the country will be
smaller this year than it has been for
yaare, and prices for the canned pro?
duct will be considerably advanced. It
is estimated that 18,000,000 will repre?
sent the loss.
Suffered 20 Years.
MR! HAIT I.FWIS, wife of a promi?
nent furnier, and well known by all
old l. liaient? in ;ir H.-iini.iit, N. V,.
writes: "Tor twenty-seven years I had been
acoaataat sufferer from nervous pi
t ion, ami paid large -unis nf BsOM* fur doc?
tors ami .iiheni-ed remedies without bene?
fit. Three y.-ars airo ny condition was
alarmliiR; the least noi-e ?vowel startle ?nd
unnrrve me. I was unable to sleep, had a
numb? r of Btaklaaj spells and slowly grew
worse. I begaa aslng Dr Miles' saawtoratlve
Nervine ami Nerve and Liver Tills. At first
the medicine .seemed to have no effect, but
after taklnsj a taw bcatlss I began to notice
a chauffa : I rested Ix-tter at nis'ht, my appe?
tite (Sanaa to Improve and I rapidly itrew
beta r, until now I am as nearly restored
to health as one of my age may exp??et. God
Dr. Miles' Ite medies
arc sold by ail unn,
Kist? under a positiv?'
las rs atea, t?r-it bottle
benefits or money re?
funded. Booh on ?lis
. i-< > of the- heart and
nerve? free. Address,
VU. MILLS MEDICAL CO, .UWbtrt, ind.
Some of Jones
1,200 yards Grenadine Lawns, worth 12
5cts. ?per yard.
One lot Lace Stripe Lawns, worth 12., tor 8cta
One lot Hair Line Batiste, worth lOcts, for 61-4
The handsomest line
we ever had at 10, 12! and IBets.
_ This is a great White
Goodi Season Piques, India Linens, Dimities, Dot
Swiss, Organdies and many others. A beautiful
Ribbons and Laces.
It is acknowledged
by competitors and consumers that we carry the
large it and che I k of th^so in the market.
C. W. JONES
Fredericksburg Trade Excursions.
HALF PARI- RATES OVER
THE R. F. & P. R. R.
Tin i - Men'a Am iation has made arrangement! with the H , F&
1' H. R to ran eieorslons from all stations noctli of and including AiliUml to
?-'rederieksbnrg ind return, and all stations South of and including ^?uautiei to
Kr ? lericksbnrg and return
AT HALF FARE RATES
on the I Mowing i ?? e, t. k-t- g id i uly on date* Uwai I
Wednesday, June 28th.
Wednesday, July 12th.
Wednesday, July 26th.
Wednesday, August 9th.
Wednesday, August 23rd.
je I im
The i" Il grateful for the encouraging patronage of the |
?mn i:.e Institution Is now on a permaarat bni
Primary, Preparatory, College;
Music, Art, Elocution, Physical Culture, Commercial;
HOME FOR BOYS, HOME FOR GIRLS.
Tor High Scholarship. Thorough Teaching, Efficient Discipline
we ohsllenge oomparison with any institution In Virginia,
et mir Catalogne, Investigate nnroIaims,aad send us ?/oar son* and daagh
ten N'\' session npeni BEPTBMBER 14 t Address
? i; tsepll rRE01BI0K8Bl RO, VIRGINIA.
With Pleasure I Tender My Thanks
oui assare my friends, patrons and the buying puhli?? of my high
appreolation i ( tfcS cortli.il nupporf they have given uie I have tin? largest and
most complete line of GROCERIES carried by any house m Prederiekstmrg.
They are bought M Rook Bottom Prices and will be sold at very suiall proiits
I also sell the best brands of Lime, Cement, Calcined Plaster, Hazard .v
Dupont Powder, stoneware. Nails, Hay. Peed, Tobnooo, Oigan, ?igannos,
I urn also ?gent for the Klbra Brand Mixed Puint. It is a higher grade and bet?
ter quality of
ever been put ou the, market of its class, and more BOONOMK
S? J. MARSHALL.
Seventeen Qovariori R?pond
Austin, Tex. , June 20 ?Gov. ?ayei
is much encouraged with the prospeci
of a large attendance of governors am
attorneys general at the anti-trust con
ference to he held in St Louis .Septeto
her :'.') 1 p to this time seventeen gov
ernors have responded to his iuvitatioi
tt) attend the proposed conference U
that number thirteen are outspoken ir
favor of the anti-trust mesrure, tbret
are non-oommittal and one is opposed
to anti-trust legislation. GOT. Sayer?
received a letter Saturday from linv, of
Montana, as fallows
"I heartily indorse your action in
calling a meeting of the governors and
attorneys general of the several state?
ami territories forthe purpose of d?a
cussing the subject of traste and of
states legislation that will tend to do
away with the evil God being Will?
ing I will be with you at the meetiug
in September, and I will try to persuade
our attorney general to attend. "
The replies so far received by (Jov.
8ayers are about evenly divided between
democratic and republican governors
Bai Hut From The Qan
Was the ball that hit (1. II Steadman
of Newark, Mich., in the Civil War.
It oaused horrible Ulcers that no treat
ment helped for 20 year?. Then Back?
ten'? Arnica Salve cured him Cores
Oats, Bruises Burns, Boils, Felons,
Corns, Skin Eruptions Best Pile cnre
on earth 25 ois. s box. Cure guaran ? i
teed. Sold by M M Lewis, Druggist.
Kailei At Aniapolli.
Word hss resched the Navy Depart
| ment that three young men designated
j by President McKinley to take the en
I trance examination at the Naval Acad?
emy hare failed in the examtnatior,
i They are Uridley of Pennsylvania, sou
I of the gallant commander of the Olym
; pia, Admiral Dewey's tiagihip in the
battle cf Manila bay; Hagley of North
j Carolina, brother of Ensign Worth
i Hagley, who lost his life at C?rdena*,
: and Basbee of the District of Columbia
! a grandson of Rear Admiral Worden,
I the hero of the Monitor in the war of
? the rebell?n. AU three of the yoang
men named failed in the mental exauiiu
Office of G. M. WE Kl ION.
Oo Supt. of Behools,
Bellfair Mills. Stafford Co . V* .
June 17, MM
The annual examination of white
appliosnt? for oertiti.-stiou will be held
at Stafford Courthouse on Wednesdsy
and Thursday. August the 1st and 2nd,
lyt'i and for colored teachers at Mace?
donia School House, near Auuis, on
the 3rd and 4th following It is use
less to Impress all int. rested parties of
the importance for their individual in?
terest in being present promptly at ?
A M* each day, provided with writing
material. . ... .
The Summer Normal, which will be
held at Fradericktborg from June tbe
2??th to July Und. iuclu?ive, most im?
press the Stafford teacher? of Ihe im?
portant of attending in a b >dy. Suoh
a splendid opportunity for educational
advancement may not present itself
again very soon. I urge you all to at?
tend. G. M. WEE DON.
Oo. Supt. of Schools.
je'J.-?t Stafford Co., Va.