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Devoted to Ihe Agricultural, Commercial and manufacturing Interests of Frcderlcksburg and the Tidewater and Piedmont Country._
?-?-?- - - r-npoRRicKSBORG Va Ti ir.<:;.- a ?? O ?:?. 19 1899. "PrteeTlTnt
VOL d.i.?No \?? ^^^^^^^^
"tir* ne g~* ^^ ^ , Have obtaineJ the highest reputa
WOOU S Vj-T?iSS t;?" !?r purity, cleanliness and
T * vv*** ?>^ >?* * ???-?-?-?*? gerrnination, causing our busl
aaaaaaaaaaaaa aa-aaaaaaaa---aaaa--B? ^^ Jn .?^ same tO bCCOm? One
an(l cf the largest In the United States.
Handling these Seeds in the large
quantities that we do, also en?
ables us to sell same at the lowest
possible prices, quality considered.
WOOD'S 5t;E0 BOOK gives
the fullest Information about Grasses and Clovers?soils the different sorts
are adapted for?best combinat Jon a to give largest result? In hay or pas?
turage?care of postures and meadows, &c, &c. A postal will bring this <
book to you. Prices anj samples of Grass and Clover Seeds sent on application.
T. W. WOOD & SONS, Seedsmen, Richmond, Va.
Closing-out Sales take Place
at BAKERS every day.
25 I'airs Blue and ??recn Portiarre*, worth $5 00 acil 95 50, at ?.. 50 and
7". per pair ; handsome and cheap.
1,000 Pairs White, Red and Gray Blankets from I5e. to $5 00, Dnn't
buy a pair of Blankets until you see this stock. Bed Croforts from 25o. to
?l J.">. You can keep wsrm this winter at a piuhII cost.
30 Piece-; ".0-inch all wool Suiting',in all color?,w >rth C0cM at only 37 o
per yard. Five tarda innki's a whole suit and only eostl you $] 87for a nice
60 Lbs. Best Factory Yarn at 60c. por lb.
CAPES-CAPES AND JACKETS.
Capes from 75o. to flO.
Tbe greatest bargains in <..'nt's, Ladies and CmMreu Winter Under
wear in town.
llave you seen our ft] 00 ?'assiruere, now selling at 50e. Baker bas
always been headquarters for Casai meres, Kerseys, .\. i.
The biff?e! st'.i'k au.l lowest prices will be found at
E. T. BAKERS.
MARKET CORNER. FREDERICKS'?! RG, VA
See the New Goods at
S. a. WALLACE'S
In these glorious DEWEY moruings come,
When wise as SLY, there is not oi
But that can down a very SAMPS' ?N,
To get & chance to buy these goods so handsome.
A great many of these goods were bought at Closing-out Sales, for much
lesa than their value, and soma of them will be sold for less than last year's
prices. 1 have just purchased from the leading northern markets the newest
Btyles in Ladies Dress Goods, Silks and Trimmings. Ladies and Children's
Cloaks and Capes. Excellent line of Outings, Percales, Hinghams and
Calicoes. Bis: stock of Cassimers, Kersevs, Kv .'eians and Flannels. All
kind of Cottons, sold close. Great bargains iu Wnite and Colorf .1 Blankets.
All kind Underwear, great values. Trunks and Satchels, don't forget. Um
brellas, Corsets, and everything e!?e needed in the Notion lino, you can get
at prices to snit, (prices disc). Two large rooms full of carefully selected
Dry Goods comprise my wholcsalo department. Country merchants please
note this fact.
Come early ; and when yoa are happy Uli others.
S. G. WALLACE,
Main and Commerce Streets. FKEDEKlCKSBUItw, VA.
Going to School ?
YOU WILL WANT SOME
B O O KS
AND OTHER SUPPLIES,
and the place for you to buy is
Adams' Book Store.
Lat?8t 81vI<*a Bracelete, Wedding Ring<i, Watches, Silver and (?old I/onj< Neck
Chains. <tc., Ac , at LOWEST PRICES FOR GASH.
Watohei, Clocks, etc., repaired. The Best Spectacle? in town. Eyes exam?
ined free of charge.
A. LOEWENSON, Jeweler & Optician,
09 MAIN STREET, FREDERICKSBURG, VA
?he Excelsior goller Hills
QILT EDGE FAMILY. HIGH GRADE FAMLY
X X X X XXHIQH GRADE EXTPA.
I am now prepared to give especial attention to exchange work, both wheat
sod oorn, and will give good results of flour and feed, meal and husks Please
send olean grain and dry. Flour 33 to 3? pounds per bushel wheat, meal 47
pounds per bushel corn.
C H. PETTIT. PROPRIETOR
S. H. BEALLj
t.a\ir\f bought out the entire Hardware
Stock of John A. atone, will continue the
at the OLD STAND, on COMMKKCB ST., and
1? uow laying In a full NEW STUCK OF
GOODS in the Hardware Line which he will
?all at the
Lowest Cash Prices,
%W Go and see him before yon bny.
?c ire: all your nins with
SA Medicine Cheat In Itself.
Simple, Safe and Quick Cure for
I CRAMPS, DIARRHOEA, COUGHS.
28 and BO cent Bottles.
BEWARE OF IMITATIONS
BUV ONLV THE GENUINE.
l'omit? Levy Laut Note? and Personal
lOocreapondenc?. of Tbs Free Lance.)
K n '^' George Conrl Hou ?-.
October 16 u. 1899
The 1'. ?anl ot Supervisors iut?t on
?Saturday, the 7th lustaut, Allen
Smith, chairman. The boa'd tians
aotrd much bnaineas, ami oompMed
tlif laying of the coonty levj a? f ?I*
lows : A lax "1 50 c'lits on ??Hi li
tithabla person ami 00 cent? on each
$100 of tin? h?m ?.?I'll rains ->r lbs real
ami personal property, 20 o( which is
tor keeping tin* public road? iu re
Hon. Thomas il Beyau is visiting
Ins sister, Mrs- Kayner, wito of Hou.
Isidore Rayoer, of r. ?Itini'i f, Mil.
Mr George Pemberton, ?ion o!
Poatmaster P, 11. Pemberton, of
MatLias Point, who has boen ill f >r
some weeks with typhoid fever, died
on the 12 ii instant
Mr. Thomas L Hunter.
ot King G ?orge, is attending the ?aw
conree at the Georgetown Ci liege tur
the session of 1899 1900
A marriage license was issued from
Iho clerk's i ffiee ou the 7,u instant to
Warner Hall ami Alberta Wilkins,
colored, all of K mg Geoi
Coi. l?o. 1. Washington, whh at the
clerk's office on tbt? 1" h attending to
Miss Ella B llingsley, Mre. Sally
White and A P. Billingsley have pur?
chase;! a farm adj ining l'owhatan
? nl Ml Ma, from Mr. -las. !. Arm
strong, of Brooklyn. N. V.
Jndge lohn K Mason life >?y the
H-ippihannock steamer on Thursday
evening, the 12th, to holtl tbs
term of his courts at Montross ami
Warsaw Westmoreland :iad Rich?
Mr. H B Coghill has opened a tre?
mendous stock of fall aud winter
at his 1 irge Store in mir village.
The Junior Order of Ameritan
Mechanics will give a sumptuous
dinner at the Court House on ta??
24th, with other attractive features,
for the benefit of the order.
Mil R isa Ninde.ol " Middleboro,"
-.ng her cousiu, Mrs Mj
at Dobb's Ferry, oa the Ilud-on, in
Rev. B. T. Turner, of St. Mar
garet'p, Anne Arundel county, Md.,
has accepted a call to St. John's, St.
Paul's ami Kmanual P. E. churi
in King (?(.?orge, and will lifRin his
duties here by the 1st ot November
Old fashions in dress may be revived
hut no old-faahloned medicine t-an r- -
piar?? Chamberlain'? OollO, Oholera ami
Diarrhrea Hemedy. Fur sale by M M.
the miuneap:lis EriSCEE.
Will Secretary Long Profit by His Experi?
ence With the Publ.c 7
m the Chicago Tribune Hep )
At the reception of the Minnesota
volunteers at Minneapolis on Thurs?
day Secretary Long referred to the
accomplishment of Admiral Sampson
at Santiago His reference was fol?
lowed by shouts for Heb ley so enthu
siaatic and vigorous that he had to
paine uotil the excitement had died
away. Tuen he remarked that there
waa glory enough for all.
It is unfortunate that Secretary
Long hat, so little tact, judgment ami
good taste as to be coutinually plac?
ing Sampson before the public in a
light which is calculated to make him
odious. Sampson was a gallant of.
ficer and did his duty, but tbis at?
tempt to exalt him at the expense of
others, and to disparage others in his
favor, may produce a reaction which
Secretary Long will notrelish. Amer
icans will always be grateful for what
Sampson has done, but if Secretary
Long persists in discriminating in his
favor it will redound to the injury of
the man he and the navy bureaucrat?
are trying to exalt. The people will
not be able to discriminate between
Long and Sampson, and Sampson
will get the worst of it. Sampson
may be hit when it is Long who de?
serves the blow.
It is true that when Secretary
Long was interrupted he apologised,
and, adopting the language of Ad?
miral Schley, said there was "glory
eaough for all." It is unfortunate
that that sentiment has not governed
him up to this time. There was glory
enough for Sampson, Schley and all
the captains and cfli ?era of the 11 et
in the Santiago engagement, and the
people have always reasoned that
way. If that had been the policy
upon which Secretary Long and the
Navy Department had acted, there
would have been uo trouble. If they
bad not tried to traduce Schley and
glorify Sampson at bis expense, there
would have been no ill-feeling against
any officer, and Sampson and Schley
would have shared in the glory al
most equally, with enough left over
to go aronnd through the fleet.
The danger now is that in all the
dust which Secretary Long persists
in kicking up the merits of the case
may be forgotten, and it may turn
oat that there will be no undisputed
hero. Usually every contest, on sea
or on land, has its undisputed hero,
but up to this time Santiago has
nene. Secretary Long will do better
to observe a discreet silence in future,
bat he probably will do nothing of
the kind, as he is a prejudiced and
obstinate man. He should have learn?
ed from the demonstrations at New
York, Washington and Minneapolis
that Admiral Schley is a popular fa
vorite, and that official detraction
cannot pall him down. la the end it
will react against those who are
guilty of it. With the shoots for
" Schley ! Schley ! Sohley ! " ring?
ing in his ears, it is to be hoped that
Secretary Long will have the wisdom
to obpprve a discreet s.l nee in regard
to the Sintiagn campaign until be is
prepared to do justice to all the par?
ticipants iu it.
COINS RARE ANE COMMON.
A Billion ol Cent? In U Wim n
HiRii Prices are Paid
Thu demand ' ' piecei is
so great that tbe Philadelphia mini
ii compelled t.> turn oat Deal? I 000
(?im >, aootfa to keep up tbe supply.
Thor?, arc at presell something like
l 000 000 000 cents in circulation.
If you wKiit to ?change a him
ih. .I dollar bill tor cents yon i
get tin good, large bags full ?it cop
pets. Nicktl and copper eoios bave
no mult marks, neither hare eo ns
! at the I'niUdelphia mint. Col
lectors often pay high prises for
eoini bearing certain mint marks
winch otherwise wonld not bn?c boon
worth more than their fare value.
The first UnitedStnl ?ruck
for eirenlation boni the date 179.1
They are of six varieties, and are
rained at ?_' 50 to ffi 25.
Very rare ate the Now Y irk d
? oined is 1787, of which os !.
live are known to exist. < >.i DDi
of this rare and BnriOM CO?Q il a
picture of the sun rising o?OI a
mountain surround? d l?> tli ? ? gem?.
".Nova Eborneo Colnmbis Esc. Iiior "
B low il tbs name of the designer,
"Crasher." The other side has th.'
ongiual form of the national n
"l'num E l'lunlius " There is an
heraldic eagle on ose wing of which
are tl B B.," tb<
imtials. These coins are wortti al.Mit
1500 The last one sold brought |527
It bad belong?d to an old Maryland
family ever since it wan coined.
The five-dollar gold piece of l^JJ
is a rare coin. At one time only two
were said to be in existence; one in
.??ladelphia mint, the other in
B ?ston, but a third was picked np in
a Now York money changer's shop a
'1 was afraid at Brit that it might
I?1 a counterfeit," said the col.
of coim who happened to spy it. Tn>
mtn was so delighted to secure it
that before leaving the stiop be
bought several other coins which be
didn't wan?. Ho paid only ??'. for it.
i me dnv he received an <. fier "?
9250; later $450 wa-< offered by an?
other gentlemat . |G00 by another
one, but tbe geutl- min, at last ac
counts, was holding it for $1,000 0 te
of the most sought after colonial
coins is the Highly copper. It was
struck in 17117 by ?Samuel Highly,
who was a pbysican and a black
smith at Uranby, Conn. Hog
copper from a mine near by and
shaped the coin at his forge.
About nine years ago a silver
shekel was found in Texas which
dates back to 11'J B.C. Its intrinsic
value is about 00 cents; its value to
One of the earliest knowu coins is
a didrachm of anciet Aegina, coined
about 7u0 B. C Its intrinsic mine
il 30 centK its market mini
The coins spoken of in the Bible
are shekel i, which were of silver, the
widow's mite, the tribute penny and
the "Judea capta," tho bronza coin
struck by the Htnperor Titus to com
mem?rate the destruction of Jerusa?
In Japan coins are chit fly of
porcelain. Whale's teeth form the
coinage of the Fiji I-linds. They are
painted white and rod, tbe red teeth
being worth about twenty times as
much as tho white. These teeth are
worn as a necklace inatoad of carried
in a pock.tbook.
The entire collection of coins and
mi (his in the British Masucm con
sists of 200,000 specimens, and is one
of the finest in the world. At the
Philadelphia mint is a good collection
of American coins, bat the Govern?
ment only allows it ?'I00 a year to
buy coins with. The British Govern?
ment spends $?,00U a year in coins.?
N V ?San.
$100 Reward, $100.
Toe readers el this paper will ''? r ?
lean thai there is at least cm dreaded du
ease tb?t setenes ha* bei a able t.. can
it-, -hilf. -, and thai Is I stairh, Hal ?<'st?rrii
Oare Is the only positive care haown t.. t ?.-.
medical iratcrnity. ? atarrh i.elnir s eoostl
tun nal disease, require? a K>MtttattoBal
tr.-Htment Hull's Catarrh i urc is taken in
ternally, acting directly upon the lilood and
muooui surfs? thereby de
itroj injr the fouadatton Of the SIMS
(rivinjr th. patient strength hy building Up
the constitution and asslstlns nature In So
las* Its work. The proprietor! save so much
faith In Its curative powers thut they otter
Dnc Hundred Dol?an for Hny ease that it
fails t... ure. Bens' '?ir n.-' ..i toet'BMn
Addreas, K. .1 OHINEY* CO., Toledo, O,
Bold l.y l?ruK?rlsta. Be,
The iword which the citizens of
Georgia will present to Lieu'enent
Brnmby, of the Olympia, bears the
following inscription on one side of the
blade ?' 'Presented by the citizens of
Georgia to Lieutenant Thomas M.
Brnmby, U. S. N., in recognition of
bis distinguished services to his coun?
try at Manila Bay, May 1, 1896. " The
reverse tide bears the following.
"B*rn at Marietta, Ga., 1805. Ap?
pointed from Atlanta, Ga., 187:'
Three Doctors in Consultation.
"When you are sick, what you like
best is to be chosen for a medicine in
the first place : what ezperienoe tells
yon is best, to be chosen in tbe second
place ?what reason (i.e , Theory) says
is best is to be chosen in the last plaoe.
But if you can get Dr. Inclination,
Dr. Experience and Dr. Beaion to hold
a consultation lOgether, they will give
you the best advice that can be taken. "
When you have a bad cold Dr.
Inclination would recommend Cham?
berlain'a Uough Remedy because It is
pleasant and safe to take Dr. Experience
would recommend it because it never
fails to effect a speedy and permanent
oure. Dr. Reason would recommend
it because it is prepared on scientific
principles, and acts on nature's plan in
relieving the l?ngs, opening tbe secre* i
tton and restoring the system to a
natural and healthy condition For sale
by M. M. Lewis, Druggist.
rr:t::ci Constitutional Amenime:
The Hampton Monitoi
amei dme it-? are prop >?*e I to he m u
to tin- r ta'o Coustiintion. '1
that m ire tin. otlj com ems Tul
water is the prop isition lo strike <?
? ' Article 10 .?'-? ti m 2 So ti
shall be Imp ?ed on jny of the i
f fins St ?te fur tin? privil?ge of fakn
iiohing oysters from Iheir nalm
beds with t 'iik"? m ti'" vatt'Ts thereo
I'Ut til-- um um of sales of oy*fi?r?! I
taken by uny oltizeo, in any one yes
may i"- t.?x?-ii at ? rats not si
tin? rate nf taxation im "-??'l up n an
other speoies "f pit p'?rty. "
N ? i xplauation toil ?weil tins ?hihi
BAtiOB, ami moel voters are entirel
in the dark as to its purport an
An amendment to a Statt
tut inn is always important, and an
attempts to amend or repeal any pat
of the Constitution ought to In? fall
lined to the people, l>'it tho fur
is the various candidates and thei
friends are generally so busy tellmi
I dor what a terribly had offl I?S
the other fellow wonld make that
like *. Constitution?
atno nlme ,t, is lost sight of, so Tu
Monitor will acquaint its reader
with the purport of the proposed re
peal of Artitle 10, sectiou 2
In 1809 our present State Constitn
was ratified l?y a minority of th
white voters of tin? Slate, The m?
j tnty were disfranchised by an iron
i lad t. st o itb, that was a pre:'
?r voting. The roter had no
only to ?wear that he had not takoi
up arms agamst tho United State
Government, and had not given an
and comfort to those who had, bo.
mat he had not even sympathize!
with the L ist Cause. This oath wa
?.-hat modified by a subsequen
set, but eveti then the great mass o
s bite people wcru disfranc
while every '?contraband" (as tin
SS were then called in tho North
that wat in the Btate originally, o
had followed the Cuion armies, wa
a full-fl dged sovereign bj an set ol
It was necessary then to ando tbi
work of such statesmen as .1. iT-irsou
Mad ion, Marshall, Taxewell. Moo
roe, Doddridge, i'.trbour and Johi
Kind'tlph, as far as it could be done
ami give Virginia a Constitution il
kit ping with the reconstructed ordei
of things, and " l>r." Bayne, Judgt
Underwood, L>wi8 Lindsey, etc.,etc,
llection of corn-fiold negroes
-ciliawags, and carpet-baggers, wen
for this great work. It wai
a sight to make angels weep. Th'
? '?ntion which sat in 1M>7 wa
known as the " Banjo and B me
? 'invention," or the " Bayne-Under
rj Convention." This last appel
lition whs because the movm,
.?pints were " Dr. " Btyne, a Nor foil
darkey, who was as ignorant act
pr?somptions as he was Hack am
ugly ; and Judge Underwood, of tb<
United States District Court, who i?
remombered cbielly because of hii
unsuccessful endeavors to " hanjj
?'iff. Davis on a smir-apple tree " 01
any other tree that might be at hand
Au account of this convention would
be still interesting reading, although
the story has beeu often told.
Up to this timo there was a statu?
tory tax of live dollars on al! person*
who desired to take oysters from tb?
natural rocks, and this tax produce?]
a largo revenue, and was not unduly
burdonsome to the legitimate tong
man- Tnere were many tocgnien ic
Tidewater then. Desiring to gathei
these into tho Republican fold, it waf
thought if tho tonger'8 tax wa?
abrogated it would be a help to thu
end, and so Article 10, section 2,thal
is now sought to be repealed, became
an important part of the new Consti?
tution, and prohibited a further tax
This section 2 has been a thorn in
the side of all Caneral Assemblies
since its adoption. It is a difficult
thing, and as expensive as it is diffi?
cult, to guard the natural oyster
rocks, especially those that are in
Chesapeake Bay, and a sufliiient tax
to do this guarding could not be
raised steer the ratification of the
new Constitution, and so the oyster
police-boats had to be taken rff, and
the oyster rocks became a commons
for resident and non-resident alike,
for the dredger as w-11 as the tong
man, and tho close seasons were
largely disregarded in the absence of
oyster police. The dredgers became
more bold and defiant, their vessels
went heavily armed, and they rav?
aged rocks and private beds almost
at will. Wo well remember the high
banded doings of "Admiral" Jim
Skaggi and his raking fhet, and G ?v.
Cameron's expedition with the Nor?
folk militia, for his suppression, and
the clamor of the tongmen after
this to be protected, in which many
of them expressed a willingness
to be reasonably taxed to pay for
this special protection, but there was
Article 10, section 2, which practic?
ally tied the hands of the General
Assembly, and prevented it. Not?
withstanding this, the General As?
sembly has tried most faithfully to
give the tongmen the pretection
asked for, and it has taken about ali
the oyster revenue to do this; some
years it has taken more.
A repoal of Article 10, section 2,
will allow the State to levy a direct
tongers' tax. Before the new Con?
stitution was adopted the annual tax
for the privilege of taking oysters
from the natural rock, as before
stated, was $5 This did uot apply
to tongmen who worked only on
planted oysters. How should the fif?
teen thousand tongmen in Tidewater
regard the proposition to repeal Ar?
ticle 10, section 21 For thirty years
tbey have worked ander it paying
little or no oyster taxes t Tho natural
rocks cover a wide area, and being
very far apart, it has been found that
the iffort to tax the oysters that are
taken from them, as other property
is taxed, has been barren of results.
This f >rm of taxation might prove ef
f-ctive if there oould be an inspector
for each canoe, but with each catch,
discharged into yeas? Is l'ing out in
the bays and wide-mouth rivers of
l iter, no such law could be ec
foi e. .I, H! d the teMilt of attempting
to raise reren ne in tins way, ?uilicient
to protect the natural rocks,has heen
1 mo who has only casually glnnced
at tbiiiobjeet would, at i! st thought,
r- gitrd a desire to change tho method
ot taxation as class legislation, a
thing spart from tbe "i ijnal at d uni
toriu t xation" elsewhere described
hy tl.o Constitution, and so it is** I ut
m tl is connection, it most be n tuero
, that the tax is not to be li
on tl e product of one's labor or en
terprise, as for essmple productions
i I ihe farm or factory. It is a special
tax tor the previl. ge of taking a thing
that the taker did not produce, acd
that ho asks tho ?State to go to an ex
traordmary expense to protect for
In- especial benetit. If the tongman
conld go on avo'dmg oyster tnxttiou
!' >r ti:.- n. tl thirty years as be
has for the la-t thirty, it would be
well iiom a s> Ifisb ?-ttndpoint for him
to vote against striking out Article
SCtion - But can he do so ?
That is tho nuestion. Powerful syn
dica'e?, we understand, are even now
at work to get control of the nat
uial rocks. Wo know what these
I. g iiusts are doing elsewhere
k'hout the county, and we fear
for the result if they get to work on
the oyster industry.
There are but twenty Tidewater
counties. The agents of tbe syndi?
cates work on the up-country legis
lators. They say to the legitlators,
"The natural rocks are not paying
for the experse of protecting them;
convey them to us, and"we will
turn into your State treasury thou
sands of dollars where you now re?
What answer can the tongman
make to this 1 Can he turn to the
mau whose property is being tax?d
to guard thenatural rocks, and a-k
him not to vote them away ? Would
he not bo thrice armed if he paid a
;.labio tax which would fully
pay tli? expense of guarding these
rock-- .' Would he not !ben be in a
stronger position to lieht all proposals
II tbSSS rocks, and conld he not
then stand some chance of enlisting
the sympathy and aid of the up
r ?? legislator, when he could
say to him, "These rocks are no
ixpinse to tbe State; we pay the
if guarding them V Tue M>ni
tot thinks be would, and so think
u g it advises the oystermen to in
stni.t their representatives in the
Grenerh] Assembly to vote to repeal
A-tide 10 of section -
From information that reaches us,
wo believe the tongman will do well
to strengthen his own hands, and
the bands of his representatives
against tbe meeting of the next Gen?
eral Assembly. We cannot say more
at this time. We may have much to
say al)ng this and kindred lines be?
fore the end of the year.
Bobbed the Grave.
A startling incident of which Mr
John Oliver of Philadelphia was the
subject is marrated by him as follows :
"1 was in a most dreadful condition
My skin was almost yellow, eyes sunk?
en, tosigue coated, pain continually in
luck and sides, no appetite?gradually
growing weaker day by day. Three phy?
sicians had given me up Fortunately,
a friend advised trying 'Electrio Bit?
ters ;' and to my great joy and surprise,
the first bottle made a decided improve?
ment I oontinued their u>* for three
weeks, and am now a well man. I
know they saved my life, and robbed
tho grave of another victim." No one
should fail to try them. Only Mots,,
guaranteed, at M. M. Lewis' Drug
Army ICO,COO Strong.
At the War Department returns wore
received which show that the full au?
thorized strength of the at my bas been
reached, and luo.Gou men are now
avail.ib'e for any service reqaired. Of
this force 86,000 men belong to the reg?
ular sei vice and .'"i,000 to the volunteer.
Siould it become necessary to further
increase the s-my, Congress must act,
before troops cm be secured. The
present army under the liw, can bo
m lintained until June :?0. 1901, when
it relurns to its normal strength.
Nea-ly one-hslf of the enlarged army
has been recruited, armsd andequippfd
since last June, when the first call was
issued f< r moro troopc, and of the reg
'menta enlisted for the campaign in
the Philippines many have either been
landed in Manila or are on the way.
It Is estimated that General Otis has
now nnder his command nearly 40,000
men, and with the regiments now on
the way and those that will depart
next month his strength by the middle
of December will approximate 68,000.
This is the army the Administration
depends upon to subdue the Filipinos,
and should it prove unablo to meet tbe
situation it will not be practicable to
to send reinforcements from troops sta?
tioned at garrisons at home or in Ouba
or Puerto Rico, which have all been de?
pleted to the limit. The movement of
troops to Manila will continue without
interruption, under the program ar?
ranged by the War Department, until
every regiment assigned to duty there
has been transported Three of the
regiment? now swatting transportation
will go from New York by way of the
Suez Oanal on the transports Thomas,
Ligan and Meade. These regiments
are the Forty-first, Forty seventh and
There are 3,000 men at San Francisco
ready for transportation?the Twenty
eighth and Thirty-first Regiments and
800 recruits. The ships available for
those men are the Mananonz the Olym?
pia and Viotoria, which are scheduled
to sail this week, and the Hancock on
October 25. These vessels have an ag?
gregate carrying capacity of 3.056 men
and 120 officers. Tbe movement of 12
KV ?^t" Powder
~ Absolutely Pure
Makes the food more delicious and wholesome
?o-.i b??ino ?owots co., m. romi.
additir.nai legiments w 11 p'so begin In
a few dttys, with the dep?*tv*e of tl ??
l'enn?ylva:na and the Oil/ of 1'aeblo,
with over 1,000offl ?-rs and men. Other
ahips r-e to fo'low rapidly, so that by
Novtmber 18 all the troops Intended for
the Philippine? ere expected to be on
'ihe militai/ authorities will wait
f.r the arrival of all these ?-einforce
- (te'ore beginning the campaign,
which, it is said now, will open ea ly
in November, with a general move?
ment against the enemy. Nor 6 ?es it
?eem probable there will be any chaage
in the program of maintaining Gene?
ral <iris in command of the troop?,
with full authority, snch a? be has ex
enued ?inte General Merritt'? de?
parture. The oonducl of the actcul
fighting, however, will devolve upon
Generals Liwton, MacAithur and
Schwan. Upjn them will depend in
great measure the ?access of the cam?
paign, but ?hould they be hampered by
instruction? from General Otis it 1? as?
serted positively that Otis will bp
withdrawn and some other omVer sent
to take h?'s command.
General Mile? continue? to regard the
Philippine? a? the proper place for the
commanding general of the army to be
and pointed out recently that Otis com?
mand? twice a? many men as he. There
is little probability, however, that
Miles' wi?he? will be respected unies?
it 1>m omes appparent that General On?
is mismanaging the campaign.
Ve are sure you do not.
Nobody wants it. But it comes
to many thousands every ye?r.
Itcomcs to those who have had
coughs snd colds until the
throat is raw, snd the lining
membranes of the lungs ?re
inflamed. Stop your cough
when It first ?ppe?rs, ?nd you
remove the great danger of
?tops coughs of all kinds. It
does so because it Ie a sooth?
ing and healing remedy of great
power. This makes It the great
s?t preventive to consumption.
Put one of
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
Piasters over your lungs
4 wtioio Mmdtoml
For feur rrnU U ?tamr? *? P?7 P*?**
age, we ?111 irndruu lul.kii medii ?1
Modtoal Advlom Frmrn.
We here tit? exclusive servir?? of
?ntna ot the mo.i ?minant phy.lclans
In Hi? I'uited States. Lnuitui . ayat>
tnnittet and ion( ?aperteaea ?nil
nuitly flt them for arl-vlnat jo" mad?.??
Mvtaa. Wrta freely ad Hi? partlo
lart In your eat?. Tou ?ill receive I
prompt r?-plv, without cost.
Addreea. ?B. J. ?' AVER
THE I1KST HUM 3DV F?>K
SICK OK NERVOUS DYSPEPSIA
or any form i'f indigestion.
Large bottles, - ? ? 50c
Small slz\ ? 25o
Mannfactnred and sold only at
901 Main Street,
O its, Mill Feed, Oat and
Corn Chop. Meal, Hay, &o. When In
want, call on
P. McCracken, Bro. & Co.,
? Whoi.ssaz.s aro EnAib?
UROCERS AND LIQUOR DEALEB8.
Oder Ten Thousand Gallons PUKE BY!
and BOI'RBON WHIHKIKS, from ths fol?
lowing well known distilleries : Graft A On.
Of Ohio; Boon? County Distilling Co., of
Kentucky Monticello Distillery, of Mary?
land, and W. K. tiray, of Pennsylvania.
A^nts for Ber^ner * Knele's Lager Dsf
ley also offer Btapleand Fancy ?rooarlee,
Agncultursi implements, Seeds, Quano, and
MRS JHNCIE MONROE,
Liquors and Groceries,
Commerce St., FREDERICKSBURG, Yi
i am th.' solesfent hereof the celebrated
Al'PLEWooD WHI8KRT. I also keep all
i Whiskey, fr..tn SI m. up to ?4.1? p?r
.,?1. King U ..r Whiskey attl.OU. Il?-al In
world. Al'l'i.K liKANliIKSlrointa.UUto
K ? K I.- .r w hlakey at ?4.00. liest In
A full stock of Cornel Potomac Herrin?, oa
Consult your Intcn-it by calling on me be
tore buying or making your purchases
GROC E RIES.
FAMILY GROCERIES OK ALL aUMOf.
My stock of Liquors Is large, constating of
Foreign and Domestic BRANDIES,
Hum Apnlewood and Farmern' Friend Pure
Rye Whiskey, $2 a (rall?n.
KAl-NIFICRNT AFPLE BRANDY, WAR?
(or. COMMERCE AND UBIETY KB.
ELK RUN WHISKEY.
This celebrate?! brand of KENTUCKY
ITKKRVK WHISKEY, guaranteed 100
proof and 2 yea's old at 12 per gallon la iC4
?le by Mrs. J. F. Monroe, Commerce
?treot, Fredericksburg, Va. For davor It
isa no superior at the price. It is smooth,
..leasant to drink, and there is not a head?
ache in a gallon. Come and try it, and yoa
will buy no other. .
We prorated the public If they would give
us a share of their pat ronige we would rive
them satisfaction. This we bave done, and
the pro.it wb bave for it Is that today we
control the ?urgent trade ol any bouse In this
. snd as we have mad? our trad? we
shall ?till h..!.I it. and that Is by glvlna-pure
< aid )mirmoney's wortfe,
rourohMoe ofanyol tbe following brands
at ?t'.'JU per gallon :
King uf Kentucky,
Whiskey from $1.20 per gal. op.
OIKS*, 111 MS, BH aND'stS. IIKKK
AMO mu I LID l.iyL'ORS.
and ull ?roods to be found in a wbolesalo und
retall Liquor und Tobacco House,
tfi spyreeiate your patronado.
Strasburger & ?Son,
111 and SUN OoaiBierM Ht.
WINES AND LIQUORS.
Purs Bye Whiskey, Purs, Old Rum, Pure
Holland Oin, Pure 8herry Wins, Pure
French Brandy, Pure Apple Brandy,
Pure Peach Brandy, Pure Blackberry
Brandy. A complete stock of Llonors
for medical use at ths old Rellabls
Urocery Store of
CHAS. WALLACE?* BRO.
tor. Main Ocutmeros Sts.
-KKPEUICKSBURG. ? ? "FA.
\W Sl'I-EKIOR ARTICLE
which on account o? l.nr sy*- ?ne svsnn
are specially advlsrd for nieoietr.?! nreee
Sold end recorucisndsd by
(HAS. WALLACE 4 BBO.
P LU VY L K*^ llu.hcs for Sl.<Chrje
aiui emums, Carnation., Kucbsla* 4?5jawnU
each. Baxlr VencUhle Plants eksavp. Cut
Ki'.wer?and floral OMtgna.
fall a- R. C. Nlnde's Store and awtaeata
Uxrueand le.-, your ??p^MMGORDOM
riorist, Alsaleaa, ??