Newspaper Page Text
DAILY EVENING BULLETIN.
VOL. 2 XO. 207. MAVSVILLE, KY., MONDAY, JULY 23, 1883. PEICE ONE CENT.
CTT 1? W r
THE 01L1M 1 llUlMlO
The General Public in Sympathy
With the Strikers,
The GrntpliiK Corporation Ituiiiilnn
1,okI Fnllliitf Ofr of Over
I'lfly Per Cent or IIiihIiicnh Ntock
brokers Leasing Wire ami Fur '
nlshliii; Their Own Operator The
KniulilN of l.nlior mill Prlvnto Cup.
ilalisls Hacking flio llrolherliood.
Etafl Cor. of the Am. Press Afoclntlon.
Nkw Yoiik, July 20. I had hoped to
reached hero before tho consumation of the
'great strike of tho telegraphers), being un- j
cortaiu whether .thereafter tho American
Press Association's wire could be coin- i
manded. I am fortunate, however, in finding
it unaffected by that momentuous occurrence.
It is, of course, tho principal
topic of conversation hero on 'Change and
among business men everywhere. There
is a pretense of being able to handlo their
business on tho park of the companies here
at their central offices, but it is a more pro-tense.
All tho district offices in tlio city
are closed to reinforce the central.
Even then in numbers of operators tho central
oflices fall fnr short of tho usual working
forco. apart from tho fact that in efficiency
they hardly count two for one. lint
thoso district offices aro tho business
gatherers of tho corporations, and tho
fulling olF in business is onormous. Wore
this Inst not tho fact, the forco tho Wcstorn
Union musters hero would not even answer
for a mako shift. Not only Iitivo the
in the city, (and I suppose tho eamo
plans have been resortod to in other large
cities) been called to the central oliico, but
instruments in numerous country offices
have !en closed to reinforco tho central.
Sources of revenue aro thus cut oil", proportioned
probably to what is gained, and
it amounts to tho robbing of Petor to pay
Paul. Instantly on Thursday, after tho
strike tho business of tho companies fell
off not less, probably, than 50 per cent, and
outside of tho Brotherhood of operators it
is questionable if tlieie aru efficient telo
graphcrs on tho continent sufficient to do
more than fifty per cent of tho work performed
up to tho timo of tho strike. In
speculating upon the ability of tho
to hold out against tho Brotherhood
it is not a question whether they
can do business, but whother they can
do all thc.r business profitably.
Telegraph companies aro public
eetvuntsr and tho same laws apply to them
as to common carriers. As tho latter are
required by law to receive goods for '
portation and to transport' them with due j
-"6 "- .--..v.. v.... ,,, Ua
courts have held that a difference between
them and their employes in regard to remuneration
is no excuse for not currying
out their implied contract with each
so any person whose business is dependent
upon a telegraph company may require
it to send his message promptly,
strike or nostriko, and if it fails to do so,
he can recover any damage which lie may
sustain. Every hour the companies are
now risking theso liabilities in addition to
tho possible errors that may result disastrously
to commercial men. The masses
of the people aro in lull sympathy with the
operators, for sovcral rcasous. First, there
is the growing feeling of opposition to
monopolies generally, of which
tho Western Union is among the
most objectionable. Second, the
work of tho operator, especially in central
oflices, is most laborious and taxing upon
tho vital forces. Not only is the eonse of
hearing kept continuously on tho alert
hour by hour without intermission, but
thought must be continuously concentrated
upon one message after another that no
mistakes may occur. Third, it is kuown
that tho earnings of tho Western Union
particularly have been largo, and that a
systematic reduction of salaries has been
made whenever opportunity has offered.
And lastly, largo numbers favor strikes on
general principles of political
conducted, many look upon them as a
sort of safety valve against what, if pent up.
would result in ruinous explosion, to-wit,
tho capital and labor conflict. Theso hold
it to be the unquestioned lessou of history
that capital is inherently uggressivo, and
spurred on by competition it would crush
out all sin all undertakings, trample on individual
right? and reduce bruin and
muscle bolow the status now held by thoso
commodities in Europe.
New Yoiik, July 20. Tho strikors yesterday
aftornoon hold a meeting at No. 8
Horatio street. It was 1 o'clock when the
hall of the building was filled, and five
minutes past that tho mooting was called
to order by Chairman John Mitchell. The
hall was unlightcd, and its semi-darkness
was relieved only by the light coming in
the windows at the roar. When everything
was ready Mr. Mitchell introduced
Mr. II. C. Traphagen, who referred to the
fact that President T. V. Powdorly, of the
General Executive Committco of the
Knights of Labor, was present, As Mr.
Traphagen concluded, a mau was heard inquiring
if tho operators would stand by the
linemen, and the response, half drowned
with cheers, was "always." Mr. Mitcholl
read & dispatch from Chicago, stating 700,-000
men of other trades and professions had
agreed to stand by the operators and furnish
money if wanted.
A roply messag thanking the wage
workers was read. Mr. Jas. Campbell, of
tno Association or Pittsburg,
said tho men who controlled the monopolies
of this country flauntod the blaok flag
of slavery. Robert W. Prioe, a miner of
Maryland, gave hit ideal of making a
strike, and counselled the mon to stand
firm. Cheers were given as fifty new members
joined the Brotherhood.
The Chairman read a lottor from Thos. A.
Edison: "Send word if telographors
want money. If they do, call on me."
Another letter from a broker tendering his
financial support, was read.
Mr. Seymour said he had received a
from George H. Ellery, of
tho Franklin Company, who sent word the
telegraphers could pbtaiu any amount of
money by sending to him.
A telegram from Chicago was read, 'saying
tho theatres were giving nightly and
daily performances in aid of tho telegraph
strikers, and that the merchants of St.
Louis were subscribing money that was being
received by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch
in aid of the operators.
Mr. P. J. Morris then spoke, cautioning
the men against intoxicating liquors.
A resolution was adopted declaring until
they have gained the victory thoy pledge
themselves to abstain from intoxicating
drinks. The mooting adjourned until 11 a.
At 9 o'clock tho linemen, with spurs and
plyers, will moot in a hall on Canal stree
and march to the hall. They havo engaged
a band ot music, and will have flags flying
on which will bo : " Give me liberty or givo
General Thomas T. Eokcrt: "We will pull
through beyond doubt. I don't think tho
operators have acted fairly. Wo would
have listened to their demands. In fact
tho committco wns sending up to hear their
grievances. We havo treated and intend
to treat our employes fairly, Tho operators
acted without any apparent deliberation
and in a selfish manner. They throw
tho country upside down for their own benefit.
Wo would.have heard anything."
When Henry Clowes was asked what ho
thought of it, he said: "I am of tho opinion
it could and should have been avorted on a
fair compromise basis."
"How will tho strike affect commercial
"Business must be more or less disjointed,
though 1 think it is well it should
have occurred during tho dull period, as
the injury will be materially lessoned. We
will now be compelled to resort to the old
way of conducting business, by mail, and
this will afford an opportunity to havo a
greater appreciation of the sorvico now
rendered by that department."
"It is not likely to cause a panic?"
"I haidly think so, tliough another element
to increase the distrust was tho difficulties
of the trunk lines, which necessitated
a meoting to-day, and I think if their
action should result unfavorably Wall
street may undergo another squall."
"All my sympathies aro with tho operators,"
said another prominent Wall street
man, "and I should be glad to sec them
succeed, it would show tho company that
it would bo wiso to respect the demands of
(p.se who Bpeud their lives in the service."
Cincinnati, July 20. Everything is
quint about tho telegraph offices to-day. All
parties concerned are settling down to a
determined strike upon the one hand and a
determined up m tho othor. The
strikers' commltieu is patrolling the front
of the door of the
Upon passing the guar's on the stairs
with some difficulty the reporter found the
supplied with forty-five
operators. Tho most of them looked about
them with the air of straiijrori. Among
thorn was Manager Pi.ige. ticking away at
an instrument ns as tho busiest.
"How is business?" united the reporter
" We havo enough operators to handlo
business with reasonable promptness,
though not a full mice. We havo throo
men at work on New York wires, and two
each on Chicago and St. Louis wires. We
are receiving new men all the timo from
the country and the vicinity, and I think
in a ew days we will be completely
" How is tho company getting along
without you?" inquired the reporter of one
of the Brotherhood ou guard.
" Thoy arc getting no recruits. They
boasted thoy had !!0 men engaged. Thoy
really have only 21. including the chief
operator, superintendent, malinger, night
chief operator, two pr three ussiHtouts, nnd
a djzen or bo of " dummies. Theso " dummies"
are persons who know nothing about
the businoss, but are kept at the instruments
to make a show. 1 toll you that tho
company can not hold out against us more
than a Guy or two. It is a business requiring
constant practice, great mental and
bodily labor, and quickness. Theso 'plugs'
they are raking and scraping up can't do
"But can't thoy gel the men fiom tho
" No. sir; they can't get competent men
anywhere. There was a 'plug' came
blustering around hero from some private
office and said he had Jay Gould to hack
him. Wo soon informed him thai wo had
as much power backing us in the Knights
of Labor as the company had in Jay Gould,
and we proposed to demonstrate it before
we are through."
" How about tho students of telegraph
" Now you are joking. These students
could not operate a singlo lino in commercial
business to savo their necks, much less
trunk lines and press dispatches. They do
not amount to that," and the oporator
snapped his fingers in the air.
At the B. & O. oliico there is not a ma.i
at the Instruments. Manager Capton Bays
he will some timo to-day get five or six
good men with which he wi'.l got along
until ha can do bottor. The mon aro coining
from a distance
At the Mutual Union ofiico thoy have
one-first class oporator at work, and aro
doing business with great delay. Ono of
the Mutual Union wires has boen leased to
P. H. Burt & Co., on Fourth stroot, and
other stock brokers here and in New York
for their excluslvo use between Cincinnati
and New York during the striko. It will
be oporated by men furnished by tho
brokers, and they will havo thoir ofiico
hero at No. GO West Third street. Manager
Lawler compliments the striking operators
highly and says he does not believe
they can get a bettor sot of men.
Chas. Kahn, jr., J. W. Miller, F. A. Armstrong
and other grain and provision
brokers have gone to Chicago to avoid the
delay by telegraph, in disposing of Itng
deals, fearing a falling market.
Financial aid has been tondered the
serlkcrs by a number of Third street
brokers. Thoir reasons for suoh a course
are that in case tho company gains its
point so many good men will quit the
service, or bo "blackballed, that tho business
of the brokers will bo endangered.
The proposed aid was declined. The men
claim that they can hold out three months
oiftwhat funds they have. Thoy will then
get aid from the Knights of Labor, and
when that is exhausted it will be timo
enough to call upon the public.
Colonel Bob Miles has tendered the free
use of the Grand Opera House for a mass
meeting, and several prominent gentlemen
have consented to address tho meeting.
Since the strike wns inaugurated tho
Brotherhood has received seventy new
members and expect to add at the lato of
five or ton each meeting, which indicates
that interest in their success ig taken by
outside operators who wero summoned
here by the companies.
Out of the fifty men brought to this city
by t lie Wt'htern Union Cotijpnny. fully
Imvo connect I themselves with the or.
guuizntion, and refusod to go to work, or
pledge themselves not to go to work until
the trouble has been scttlod.
Nkw York, July 21. -The situation is
Improving rapidly. St. Louis has a full
force and the Southwest is loyal. At the
principal points in Texas, Arkansas and
Louisiana nobody has left. The whole
force returned to work nt St. Joseph, Mo.,
that they had been deceived. Five
of them will return at Evansville. and
five or six will go back in tho morning at
Cleveland. All tho forco at Columbus.
0 arc in tho union, but they refused
to strike. Superintendent Miller at
Cincinnati, reported business clear Inst
night except for Memphis. Ho says everything
irt "up" at Cleveland and Dotroit
Superintendent Wnllack, of the Indiapolis
District, is very solid. Business is up in
his district. Superintendent Dickey, at
Omaha, reports that his ofiiSei are
well manned. Superintendent Clowry
odds: "We have more men in Chiougo
to-night than wo can use, and thoy are
The Western Union officials have about
100 operators at work. Thoy also said the
service was going on with but little dolaja,
A lcwnrd ofS"00 is posted for tho arrest
and conviction of anyone cutting wires or
destroying the company's property.
The feeling among tho operators wis
that tho companies hud made thoir best
effort in the first forty-eight hours, because
they have been preparing for this
emergency for weeks, nnd had provided
thomsclves with lists of all availablo operators
in tho neighborhood whom they
thought could bo called into
service. Thus, as half of these havo declined
to work and most of the others are
incompetent, the operators claim to see
ihuir way clear for a satisfactory adjustment
in the near future. They also claim
that the company have no better facilities
for procuring men than they havo for persuading
them to refuse to work, as they can
otlei eriuul inducement. There has been
no dissension in tho ranks, and the rule
prohibiting their indulging in intoxica ing
liquors is beiug rigidly observed. The new
member.-' are initiated by regular appointed
committees wheiever they aro found. One of
the arguments of the men is, that while
the compaui s have a few capitalists backing
them, the operntors have the pledged
support of 2,000.000 Knights of Labor, and,
in their opinion, telegraphing will not be
resumed to any exteut until the corporations
Imvo made concessions. They
also feel satisfied tiiat the work
is such that the public can not stand
it long. Operators at way stations have
informed the men that they notice
to take an hour in transmitting
which could bo sent by a skilllul
operator in ten minutes.
The branch offices, with ono exception,
all closed, nnd nine out of every ten who
were employed in thorn nro with the
Thoy wero tho worst paid and hardest
worked In the city, and consequently
look to the success of tho strike us their
Imuanapolis, July 21. There are only
twenty-six operators at work anl but half
tho usual business is beiug done.
Ci.KVKLA.Nn, July 21. The Mutual Union
here is not affected by the strike. 'Iho
Western Union maiu ofiico is working a
full forco of men.
Cuti'Aoo, July 21. It is claimed business
is woll in hand.
Lot'isvii.t.K, July 21. Tho Western
Union is in bad straits, only two oporators
being at work.
Nkw Youk, June 21. Erastus Wyman,
ono of the Western Union directors, and
President of the Great Northwestern Company,
which controls nearly all tho Canadian
lines, said, so far as tho Caundian
'.ues wore concorncd, any compromise or
loucession to the strikers was simply any
Wnpossibllity. To increase thoir compensation
would destroy all tho profits. This
wns bocauso Parliament rogulatcd the rate
at whioh messages were sent in Canada.
Only twolvo offices paid salaries and those
wero in the large cities. All their other
employees worked on commission. Thoy
employed about 6,000 mon, and only half
of theso wero on a striko. The only reason
thoy Btruck was bocause they wore
compelled to join tho Brotherhood, and their
co-operation was secured by the operators
in tho United States in order to prevent
importation from Canada, such as occurred
in 1870. Thoy had no grievance, as thoy
were paid extra for all Sunday work, and
thoro had been 'a constant increaso of
wages, instead of a roduotion.
Ho hud also heard that all the offices
throughout the dominion aro fully manned.
Ho did not bolievo in yiolding a single
point to tho strikers. He thought from
what ho had seen that tho striko would not
be a success.
Jay Gould said they did not propose to
recognize any committee from tho Brotherhood,
and that if tho employes of tho company
porslstod in their present aotion,
they would not got a cent, Thoy had
already mado fools of themselves, and they
would realize it before long.
At the office of the American Rapid
Tolograph Company, the Superintendent
said now hands wore being gradually obtained,
and with thoir automatlo instruments
at work no delay was experienced.
At the Baltimore & Ohio (Commercial)
Telegraph Company, Manager Fitch said
messages subject to delay wero taken for
all points excepting St. Louis nnd Louisville,
where business is proceeding as
The operators of the Gold and Stock
elegraph Company determined to resign
if called upon to servo tho Western Union
Company. At the Produce Exchange tho
effect of tho strike was more soriously felt,
and in consequence of a reduction in the
force of operators, quotations received from
Chicago and other Western points were
very meager. The Postal Tolgraph Com'y
has put in some of its wires and rendered
cousideroblo assistance. Business, however
is unusually dull. Business at the
cotton exchange has also fallen off in consequence
of tho striko. Reports from the
South slowly, and there is great delay in
a MORTGAGED CITY.
Tho Ctnnk of Kentucky I.tiyluu: ('Irtlir,
to a Purt or the Town ol PottNvllo,
Pottsville, Pa., July 21. Some thirty
odd years ago, when tho Schuylkill Bank
of Philadelphia failed tho Bank ol
Kentucky assumed its obligations and
took its assets, among other property
which passed into its hands was a tract
known as Lawton'H addition to Pottsville.
In 1853 this tract, consisting of seventy-eight
acres, was purchased by Francis W.
Hughes, and laid out In town lots. In
buying tho property Hughes gavo two mortgages
for parts of tho purchaso money. The
mortgages were nevor fully satisfied,
though from timo to timo Hughes continued
paying on them. There still remains
due, according to the claim of the
Kentucky bank, $17,000. Tho lots were
pold, and within tho past twenty-five years
tho tract has become one of the most
thickly settled portions of the town. Some
five hundred buildings are on the
tract, most of them being the homes
of working people Included in tho number
are s9ver.il of the finest residences and
three or four industrial establishments. Ten
streets traverse the tract, which comprises
nearly a whole ward. The owners of tbee
" properties havo boen living in tho belief
that thoir titles were unclouded. Tho Bank
of Kentucky, however, has finally become
urgent for a settlement of its claim, the
amount of which Mr. Hughes disputes, nnd,
after frequent postponements of an arnica-bio
adjudication, tho bank's attorneys decided
to forclose. The writs wero issued
out of tho United States District Court by
Chief Justice Morrison, and arc being
served by a Deputy Marshal on all the lot
Itciimins of JiiiiiIo'n Ancient Predecessor
P Syraci'sk, N. Y., July 21. In the town of
Manlius, eight miles east of this city, the
remains of an animal have boon found.
A huge molar, weighing about twenty-five
pounds, and a piece of tusk nearly five feet
long and eight inches in diameter in the
thickest part were brought to this city.
Other pori Ions of the tusk and part of "a
shin bone weie found, remains lay
about thirteen feet ben 'nth the surface in a
deposit of gravel. Prof. Boynton, who
exposed the Cardiff giant fraud, says tltat
theieuie the relics of a maModoti which
must have been fully foiirteii feet high,
and probably weighed a thiid moro than
Jumbo. The tusks, lie says, must have
been at least elocn feet long. Tho
lived in the post pliocene pcriud of the
tertiary ago. Professor Boynton is of the
opinion that tho remains wore washed into
tho gravel pit wuere they were found.
Professor Brown, instructor of natural his
tory nt Syracuse University, thinks tho
bones are those of a mammoth, lather than
a mustodon. The tusks, ho snys, indicate
one of tho largest skeletons that has ever
been exhumed. The tooth and the tusk
are in a state of excellent preservation.
The tip ot the tusk shows the nutural color
of tho ivory.
Jinn Frimclnco Opium Ulnar.
San Francisco, July 21. The big opium
seizure of January last year has a sequel
in the arrest of ox-United States Commissioner
of the Circuit Court O'Beirne and
James Hnrkness. It has been known
thore was a big opium ring here, but the
custom officors could't drop on it. Recently
the Hawaiian Sugar Commission
was sent out here to look after sugar importations,
but was also instructed to investigate
the opium oases. O'Beirne is
charged with receiving a bribe of $1,500
from Harknoss to Influence his decision in
a caso pending in court, in which
is charged with bribing a Government
officer and conspiracy to defraud the
Government by aiding in smuggling
opium. Hurknoss is wealthy, owning
large ranches in Monterey county, and it is
expooted his proseoution will break up
the opium ring.
Itnrb AVlra Injunction.
Joliet, III., July 21. The Lookstitch
Fonoo Company, of this city, has boen,
by JudgoJBlodgctt from manufacturing
any moro barb-wire fence this yoar.
Tho company works under a liconso from
the Washburn & Moen manufacturing company,
the grout barb-wire monopolists of
Massachusetts, which permits it to uso but
twenty-one machines and manufacture not
ovor 2,000 tons of a yoar. The
Washburn & Moen compnny complains that
the Joliot company has already
iArl nra t . tilts wflati tltftti titn at I iiil ir1
UlU illUt J VMS W4!L kMU OllSlliMlU
amouutanu has sued for damages.
Drowning of II. W. I. or (I.
Washington, July 21. Tho body of II.
W. Lord, a son of Lord, ol
Michigan, and recently a clork in the patent
office, was found floating in the f otomao
by some fishermen. The mon wero ignorant
and towed tho body ashore at a point
near Beall's Land, about eighty miles down
tho river, and buriod it in tho sand. It is
supposed ho fell from one of the river
A NEW YORK Mill
Rewards to the Meritorious Blind
An Exnmple Worthy or Attention by
Other C'ltlo Statue to Peter Cooper
IUi C'hiilllu'M Now Book ou tho
Btnir Cor. of the Am. Press Aoclntlon.
Nkw York, July 21. The industrious
blind in this city ore objects of special
charity, or ruthor reward, for tho system cf
distributing money to thorn annually docs
not roach the idle, worthless and boggars,
hence tho term charity is too broad, indicating
as it does help to those who cannot
or will not help thcuiselres. It was s'omo
years ago that a philanthropio spirit took
possession of tho municipal government
and led to aii annual appropriation of 20,-000
for this purpose. Had the object been
to aid indiscriminately this class
of tho alUicted ten times the amount
would not be sufficient to answer tho
for a sharoiof tht fund. This was
illustrated tho other day when tho Commissioners
of Charties and Corrections (lis
trlbutcd the appropriation for this year.
Only four hundred and eighty received
assistance, while tho applicants came to
tho commissioners' office in throngs, representing
almost ovcry nation, faith and
creed. Christians and Mahomedaus, Jews,
gentiles and fienthens, each gave to tho
crowd their peculiar dross and address.
The blind American brushed against tho
sightlpss Turk, Chinese and Indian. It
was a motoly throng, full of life study, exciting
sympathy and impersonating the
text that the greatest of all virtues is
The distribution was attended with no
confusion, and wns under the immediate
direction oft Superintendent Blake, who a
few days before had sent to
each ono of tho blind to be
rewarded a postal curd with the request
that he or she should bring it to the office
when tho distribution was to bo made. Mr.
Byrnes by this means could Identify the
applicant and have at hand the memorandum
of his or her plncc of residence. As
an example of how the business was eon-ducted,
tho case of Mr. Byrnes will sorve.
This receiver of the public gift was nn old
man, the ravagos of old age on a once stalwart
frnme and active mind being shown
in tccbleness of gait mid childish expression.
In him the Superintendent recognized
an old time friend.
"Mr. Byrnes, how are you ?" Mr. Blake
"Oh. I am quite well, but I am troubled
in moving about," Mr. Byrnes replied. "I
can't see as well as I havo hcrtotore," with
"You still live nt (31 Varick street, Mr.
Byrnes?" Mr. lilako usked next.
Oh, yes, Indeed. It is the best place for
mo, you know, though 1 know I'd like a
change onco in a while to vary monotony."
Mr. Byrnes being given a small white
card ou which was printed and written
"Department of Public Charites and Correction,
Donution to tho Blind, Pay Mr.
' Byrnes i?:S" was led to another part, of
the hall. Hero ho received the amount
from the paymaster who had the top of his
desk filled with packages of greenbacks.
Mr. Byrnes evinced his ploasuro in smiles
and brief but sincere expressions of gratitude.
Mr. Timothy Shea, a well-known west
side politician, asked how tho blind from
all over the State could not come and be
paid this morning.
"In about the Bnmo way that voters cannot
vote except where they live" he was
told. "We know our friends."
The recipients of this bounty are placed
on the pay roll aft or a careful examination
by the Commissioners, to whom the worth
of tho applicant is proved by the affidavits
of two respectable citizens, conversant with
his life and industry.
The triangular plot of ground
facing the Cooper Union is to have
placed upon it a statue of the
great pliilantrophisL To complete
this honor to one whose memory is rovcred
by those for whom he has done so much in
opening up a way to knowlodgo without
cost it is proposed to have the Legislature
givo to the placo the name of Cooper Park.
Paul Du Chailluhas gone to Europe in
search of other mattor for the completion of
Lib book, "The Viking Age." Hecarriod
with him a chest filled, with the manuscript
of bis new work. Ho will go to
Denmark to visit the harbor from which it
is supposed Cauuto sailed on his great expedition.
The work will be a history of the earlier
English speaking people of their settlements,
migrations, conquests, rePgious and
their influence on the human race. Tho
facts will bo drawn from Scandinavian
rather than Anglo-Saxon sources. The
work will show how the early English
peoplo lived. Mr. Du Chaillu maintains
that Persia was the cradlo of the early
English speaking poople.
Tho People Won.
Washington, July 21. In 1879 a town
wob founded at Euroka Springs, Ark., and
for nearly a year nothing was dono to give
any prospects for futuro suocois, but in
1880 upward of four thousand persons settled
thoro, and now the number of inhabitants
is ten thousand. Outside parties
cortain lands within the city
limits and laid out building lots. At the
same tim6 they gave out a report that the
waters thero possessed great ouratlvo properties
and thsreby, they claim, caused
heavy emigration and caused property to
ell rapidly and inoreaso in value. The
question arose, who ownod the town, tho
people who have gone thero and made tho
place what it really is, or those who preempted
a large portion of the town sites
and now wish to sell them at high figures.
The eommtislonors of the land ofiico decided
in favor of the former.