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Introduction of the Hyphen on
THE ADVENT OF THE ANGLES.
Undo Warrior Who Wiped Their Whlnk.
ers on tho Tablecloth Close 11 tint Ion
of tho rig nnd Nobility Bibulous lTom
Ineneo of tho Saxonn.
Copyright, ISCO, by J. B. Llppineott Company.
With tho landing of Hengist nnd
Horsa English history really begins, for
Cajsar's capture of tho British isles wa3
of slight importance viewed in the light
of fast receding centuries. There is lit
tlo today in the English character to re
mind one of Caesar, who was a volatilo
and epileptic emperor, with massive and
Tho rich warm blood of tho Roman
does not mantle in the cheek of tho
Englishman of tho present century to
any marked degree. Tho Englishman,
aping tho reserve and hauteur of Boston,
is, in fact, tho diametrical antipodo of
the impulsive, warm hearted and garlic
imbued Roman, who revels in assassina
tion and gold earbobs.
Tho beautiful daughter of Hengist
formed an alliance with Vortigem, tho
royal foreman of Great Britain, a
plain man, who was very popular in tho
alcoholic set and generally subject to
violent lucid intervals which lasted un
til after breakfast, but tho Saxons broko
these up, it is said, and Rowena encour
aged him in his efforts to becomo his
own worst enemy, and after two or
threo patent pailfnls of wassail would
get him to givo her another county or
two, until soon the Briton saw that tho
Saxon had amortgago on tho throne, and
after it was too lato ho said that im
migration should have been restricted.
Kent became tho first Saxon kingdom
and remained a powerful state for over
More Saxons now camo nnd brought
with them yet other Saxons with yet
nioro children, dogs, vodka and thirst.
Tho breatli of a Saxon in a cucumber
patch would mako a peck of pickles per
Tho Angles now camo also and reg
istered at tho leading hotels. They wero
destined to introduce the hyphen on Eng
lish soil and plant tho orchards on
whoso ancestral branches should ulti
mately hang tho Anglo-Saxon race, tho
progenitors of tho eminent aristocracy
Let tho haughty, purse proud Ameri
can in whoso warm life current ono
may trace tho unmistakable strains of
bichloride of gold and trichina pauso
THE SAXON IDEA
for ono moment to gazo at tho coarso
features and bloodshot eyes of his an
cestors, who sat up nt nights drenching
their souls in a stylo of nopentho that
it is said would remove moths, ton,
freckles and political disabilities.
Tho seven states known r.s tho Saxon
heptarchy wero formed in tho sixth
and seventh centuries, and tho rulers of
these states wero called "bretwaldas,"
or Britain wiolders. Ethelbert, king of
Kent, was bretwaldn for CO years and
liked it first rate.
A very good picturo is given here,
showing tho coronation of Ethelbert,
copied from an old tintype now in tho
possession o an aged and somowhat
childish family in Philadelphia who
descended from Ethelbert and have
made no effort to conceal it.
For over 150 years tho British mado
a stubborn resistance to tho encroach
ments of theso.coarso people, but it was
ItOWEMA CAPTIVATES VOKTIGEIW.
ineffectual. Their prowess, aTong with
a massive appetite and other hand bag
gage, soon overran tho land of Albion.
Everywhere tho rode warriors of north
ern Europo wiped tho dressing from thoir
0 - MflBSf W2
coarso red whiskers on the snowy tnble
cloth of tho Briton.
In west Wales, or Dnmnonia, wns the
homo of King Arthur, so justly cele
brated in song and story. Arthur was
more interesting to tho poet than the
historian and probably as a champion
of human rights nnd n higher civiliza
tion should stand in that great galaxy
occupied by Suutii Claus and Jack tho
The Danes or Jutes joined tho Angles
nlso at this timo and with tho Saxons
Bpread terror, anarchy and common
drunks all over Albion. Those who still
claim that the Angles were right Angles
are certainly ignorant of English his
tory. They wero obtuso Angles, and
when bedtime camo and they tried to
walk a crack tho historian, in a spirit
of mischief, exclaims that they wero
mostly a pack of Isosceles Try Angles,
but this doubtless is mero badinage.
They wero all savages, and their reli
gion was entirely unlit for publication.
Socially they wero coarso and repulsive.
Slaves did the housework, and serfs each
morning changed the straw bedding of
tho lord and drovo the pigs out of the
boudoir. Tho pig wns tho great social
middle class between tho serf and the
nobility, for tho serf slept with tho pig
by day, and the pig slept with tho no
bility at night.
And yet they wero courageous to a
degreo (tho Saxons, not tho pigs). They
wero fearless navigators and reckless
warriors. Armed with their rudo meat
axes and ono or two Excaliburs, they
would take something in the way of a
tonic and march right up to tho moxith
of tho great Thomas catapult, or fall in
tho moat with a courage that knew not,
recked not, of danger.
ETIIlXliKKT, KIXO OF KKNT, I'ltOCLAlMED
Christianity was first preached in
Great Britain in 597 A. D., at tho sug
gestion of Gregory, afterward pope,
who by chanco saw some Anglican
youths exposed for sale in Rome. They
were fine looking fellows, and tho good
man pitied their benighted land. Thus
tho Roman religion was introduced into
England and was first to turn tho sav
ago heart toward God.
Augustino was very kindly received
by Ethelbert and invited up to tho
house. Augustine met with great suc
cess, for tho king experienced religion
nnd was baptized, after which many of
his subjects repented and accepted sal
vation on learning that it was free. As
many as 10,000 in ono day wero con
verted, and Augustine was made arch
bishop o CantcjbxirVj ..On a small island
in tho Thames no built a church dedf
cated to St. Peter, whero now is West
minster abbey, a prosperous sanctuary
entirely out of debt.
Tho history of tho heptarchy is ono
of murder, arson, rapine, assault and
battery, breach of tho peace, petty lar
ceny and tho embezzlement of tho ene
In 827 Egbert, king of Wesex and
duke of Shandygaff, conquered all his
toes and became nbsoluto ruler of Eng
land (land of tho Angles). Taking
charge of this angular kingdom, ho es
tablished thus tho mighty country which
now rules tho world in somo respects,
and which is so greatly improved social
ly sinco thoso days.
Two distinguished scholars flourished
in tho eighth century, Bedo and Alcuiu.
They at onco attracted attention by bc-
A.UGUSTINE KINDLY HECEIVED ETHELBERT,
KINO OK KEKT.
ing able to read coarso print nt sight.
Bedo wroto tho "Ecclesiastical History
of tho Angles. " It is out of print now.
Alcuin was a native of York, nnd with
tho aid of n lump of chalk nnd tho sido
of n vacant barn could flguro up things
nnd add liko everything. Students flock
ed to him from all over tho countrynn(
matriculated by tho dozen. If lie took
n fnncy to n student, ho would tako him
nwny privately nnd show him how to
Tho first literary man of note wns n
monk of Whitby named Ca?dmon, who
wroto poems on biblical subjects when
he did not have to monk. His works
wero greatly like those of Jlilton, and
especially liko "Paradise Lost," it is
Gildas was the first historian of Brit
ain, and the scathing remarks made
about his fellow countrymen have never
been approached by tho most merciless
of modern historian".
The book was highly interesting, and
it is a wonder that some enterprising
American publisher has not appropriated
it, as the author is now extremely dead.
SOLITUUE ATTD SILENCE.
A. Fecnliar Charm l'oMcsucd by South Af
A peculiar charm which South Afri
can scenery possesses is that of primeval
solitude and silem. It is a charm
which is differently felt by different
mind'. Thero nro many who find tho
presence of what Homer calls "tho rich
works of men" essential to tho perfec
tion cf a landscape. Cultivated fields,
gardens nnd orchards, farmhouses dot
ted hero and there, indications in ono
form or another of human life and la
bor, do not merely givo a greater variety
to every prospect, but also impart nn
element which evokes tho souse of sym
pathy with our fellow men and excites
a whole group of emotions which tho
contemplation of nature, taken by it
self, does not arouse.
No ono is insensible to these things,
and some find little delight in any scene
from which they are absent. Yet thero
are other minds to which thero is some
thiug specially solemn nnd impressive
in the untouched and primitive sim
plicity of n country which stands now
just as it camo from tho hands of tho
Creator. Tho self snfllcientncss of na
ture, tho insignificance of man, tho
mystery of a universe which does not
exi3t, as our ancestors fondly thought,
for the sake of man, but for other pur
poses hidden from us and forever undis
coverable these things aro more fully
realized and more deeply felt when one
traverses an immense wilderness which
seems to have known no change sinco
tho remote ages when hill and plain and
valley were molded into tho forms wo
Teeliugs cf this kind powerfully af
fect the mind of tho traveler in South
Africa. They affect him in tho Karroo,
whero tho slender lino of rails, along
which his train creeps all day and nil
night across long stretches of brown
desert and under tho crests of stern,
dark hills, seems to heighten by con
trast tho sense of solitude a vast and
barren solitude interposed between the
busy haunts of men which ho has left
behind on tho shores of tho ocean and
thoso still busier haunts whither ho is
bent, whero tho pick and hammer sound
upon tho Witwatersrand and tho palpi
tating engino drags masses of ore from
tho depths of tho crowded mine. They
affect him still more in tho breezy high
lands of INIatabeleland, whoie the eye
ranges over an npparently endless suc
cession of undulations clothed with tall
grass or waving wood, till they sink in
tho bluo distance toward tho plain
through which the great Zambezi takes
its seaward course. Professor James
Bryce, 31. P., in Century.
MASCULINE MEDICINE CHESTS.
Every Man Carries HI I'avorlto Remedy
Always With Mm.
It is customary for men to sneer good
naturedly at the phyMcal weaknesses of
tho opposite sex, but women would
doubtless be surprised could they know
how generally tho medicinal remedy
habit permeates the rauks of their mas
culine friends. Think over your list of
male acquaintances and pick out tho
few who have- no ailments nnd carry no
bottles, powders or prescriptions. They
will bo very few indeed, unless your list
includes but very young men.
It has been said that every woman
knows the best face wash on earth and
is willing to part with her secret only
on compulsion, but will try anything
elso suggested by n friend. But men aro
tho mostobstinato believers in sovereign
remedies. Every man carries at least
one remedy in his inside pocket and is
willing to unload it on anybody who
will listen or daro to test its infallibil
ity. I have- known four or five healthy
looking men in a group, not ono of
whom would bo suspected of over being
ill, draw concealed vials of pellets and
littlo unsuspected boxes of pills nnd as
tonishingly worded prescriptions from
their confidential hiding places and dis
course most learnedly upon their miracu
In every caso of this kind thero has
been at some time, moro or less remote,
an apparent justification of merit claim
ed, from which timo and thenceforth
forever that particular individual goes
contontedly nnd even bonstingly bound
to that medicinal chariot wheel. New
UhoTuI Gum Cliou'lnc.
Evin so disagreeablo n habit ns gum
chowing may onco in a great whilo
servo a useful purposo, as witness an
incident narrated by tho Chicago Jour
nal: A guest was washing his ring in n
washbowl, when tho diamond camo out
and started for tho sower. Ifc could be
Been at tho turn in tho pipe, but was
out of reach.
Tho clerk of tho Auditorium annex,
in which tho accident occurred, ap
peared on tho scono. Ho wns equnl to
tho emergency. Ho called a bellboy nnd
A beautiful lino of new and perfect-fitting Waists at 50c.,
75c. and $1.00.
Special sale of Ladies' Muslin Underwear.
Corset Covers, neatly trimmed in hamburg, at 25c.
Ladies' Muslin Drawers at 25c.
Ladies' Muslin Chemise at 2oc
Ladies' Muslin Night Dresses, fifty-four inches long, neatly
trimmed in lace or hatnburg, at G'ic.
Muslin Skirts, good widths, at 50c.
Infants' Slips, reduced from 25c. to 15c.
A line of Indies' Umbrella Drawers, in Cambric, hand
somely trimmed in lace or embroidery.
Two thousand yards of Dimity, in two to ten yard lengths,
10c. quality for 5c. per yard. Just the goods for Shirt Waists.
51 West Second Street.
sent for a packago of chewing gum.
When it was brought, the boy chowed
gum as he never had before. Then put
ting tho soft, plastic quid on tho end
of a long lead pencil, ho reached for
tho diamond. His aim was true. The
diamond stuck in the gum and was
brought out safely.
Old Coaclitnc Daya.
The old coaching days, as far as con
venience for travel was concerned, wero
the dawn of the great days of our pres
ent rapid means of communication. Tho
70 years or so in which mail coaches
waxed and flourished and finally died
out before the incursion of railways and
steam engines havo a decided flavor of
romance attached to them, and no doubt
tho coining aud going of stagecoaches
lent a certain ninount of color and in
terest and lifo to tho country places aud
towns through which ran the great main
coaching ro.ids. Tho Bath road, tho
Dover road, the York road wero high
ways of communication along which
rolled tho heavy private coaches and
chariots of tho country magnates, and
tho stagecoaches with their steaming
horses passed the various stopping
places with tho regularity of clockwork.
These stagecoaches, with their com
plement of coachmen and guards af
forded endless subjects of interest and
illustration to the artist nnd tho literary
men of tho day. Imagino Charles Dick
ens without stagecoaches and denuded
of all his vivid descriptions of tho
scenes such as thoso in the yard of tho
White Hart inn, High street, Borough,
in "Pickwick, " or of tho mail coach 011
tho Dover road in "A Talo of Two
Cities." It is difficult for the present
generation to realizo tho fatiguo and
tho wintry cold of such long journeys,
when frozen feet wero enveloped in a
littlo straw, and a "shawl" folded
roimd tho neck was thought to bo a fit
protection against tho keen night air, a
.strong contrast to tho luxurious cush
ioned carriages, hot water tins and fur
lined rugs and greatcoats of tho present
day. London Spectator.
Wheat In Iowa.
From an Iowa station bulletin it is
learned that in tho vicinity of tho sta
tion tho only variety of winter wheat
thus far adapted to tho locality is tho
Turkish Red. It has at tho station nev
er yielded less than 25 bushels to tho
ncre, nnd in 1891 nnd 1895 reached 49
and G 1. 7 bushels per ncro respectively.
Ifc has invariably surpassed spring
wheat both in yield and quality. As be
tween tho press drill and tho forco feed
drill tho former has been found prefer
nblo for seeding.
See our new line of
Men's TAN Shoes,
all shades, all styles.
Popular prices, from
Warm weather in tho kitchen touches
npon a wider subject than tho mero
banishing of dirt from thnt important
apartment and its store places; it in
cludes the introduction of new methods,
fresher lifo nnd wholesomer food. In
Bummer wo havo need to be especially
watchful of our larders and the food in
them. Little carelessnesses which may
bo of small consequence in cold weather
become of great moment in a warm or
damp atmosphere. Milk and butter aro
both notorious for their faculty of ab
sorbing tho taste of whatever is placed
near to them. Yet unthinking servnnts
put uncooked meat, fish and evon vege
tables by their sido with impunity.
Much waste arises becauso tho food
thrown away has becomo "bad" or
"sour" through this fault alone.
Soup will keep good for many days in
tho hottest weather if tho simple pre
caution of wanning up bo takou every
day, and milk that has been boiled will
bo threo days before it turns at all sour.
Apropos of milk, however, thero is no
possible excuso for wasting a singlo
drop, for the uses of stalo milk aro man
ifold both in cookery and for houso
Food often becomes tainted when tho
weather gives no possiblo reason for it
becauso tho dish or coverth.it it touches
is not clean. A very apparently trifling
thing is often enough to spoil a great
ono ; henco tho valuo of a strict daily in
spection on tho part of heads of house
holds. Iced dishes must bo cold and daintily
dished, tho decoration being so carefully
managed that, though pretty and artis
tic, it should not givo a suggestion of
fingering. Overhandled dishes aro an
abomination never sufficiently to bo
condemned. Tho garnish should never
set tho beholder wondering how it camo
there. It should bo eatable, like the rest
of tho dish, and should be appetizing.
Impossiblo colors and fantastic shapes
should bo avoided. No one wishes to
set their teeth in a clnggy mess of fried
gelatin or bo rendered appreheiihivo
of sudden death by pink mayonnaise,
pnrplo chaufroix, etc., atrocities intro
duced when tho "colored dinner" or
lunch was the whim of tho moment.
Careful handling is particularly nec
essary if green salads aro to bo tho de
lightful, refreshing, wholesome things
wo expect in warm weather. Try this
way of treating lettuco and see what at
tention to small details will do: Pull
tho leaves apart, allowing each to re
main whole; wasli carefully; then let
them lio in very cold water for 15 min
utes, after which shako tho water off
each leaf, placing them in a whito mos
quito ncttiniJ bair