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THE EVENING BULLETIN.
MAYSVILLE, KY., TUESDAY, JULY 19, 1898.
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IT IS NOW UNPER WAY
Porto Rican Expedition IIa,s
GENERAL MILES COMMANDS.
Bailee- From Sjboney on th3 Con
verted Cruiser Yale.
HEAVY FORCES AHE TO. FOLLOW.
CpnOJr Are ?ot Oeetned Necessary
Since Spain linn No Warships In
the Weit ludles Thai Dure
Show Themselves to
Washington, July 19. After three
days' consultation between the presi
dent, Secretary Alger and General
Brooke, during which there was fre
quent communication with General
Miles at Slbqney, the details of the
Porto Rican expedition were perfected
and the expedition lfself was gotten
under way, General Miles with some
artillery and troops sailing for Porto
Rico on the converted crujser Yale, to
be followed quickly by an army of
about 30,000 men.
There are some notable differences
in the plans of this expedition and the
stately naval pageant that sailed away
from Tampa under Gfperl Shafter's
command Ip attack Sontlagq.
First, thpre will be practjcally no
naval convoys, the navy department
having declared that they are unneces
sary, as there is not a Spanish war
ship in . the West Indlps that dare
thrust Its bow out of port.
In the second place the expedition
does not start from one point, but will
be divided among several ports, thus
preventing the tremendous 'congestion
that was encountered at Taippa'ln the
effort to start the big fleet
Lastly, there will be no effort made
to get the shlpB away together, but
the transports will be allowed' to find
their own way to their destination
without concerted movements.
GENERAL. MILES LEADS THE WAY.
He had been promised by the presi
dent that he should go to Porto Rico
and the promise was redeemed when
the Yale headed Monday from Siboney
for Porto Rico," 800 milqs distant
General "JBrpoke will be the senior
officer' in Miles' command and upon
him will fan the responsibility for the
execution "cf the details of his super
It Is estimated that General Miles
should, arrive by Wednesday night at
the point selected for the landing and
will hoist the American flag at once
over Porto Rican soil.
The point chosen for his landing is
kept secret, as the general will land
before the full body of the expedition
is at. hand, and it Is consequently not
desirable that" the enemy should be
able to assemble a superior force to
The distance from Charleston, where
the" first body of troops' for Miles' ex
pedition was to start, is more than
doubio the distance from Santiago
to Porto Rico, so that the .transports
which' Ball' from the former city can
scarcely reach General Miles before the
early part of nextiyjepk.
These Charleston troops are te
First brigade of the First division of
the First army corns and are com
manded by Brigadier General George
The brigade comprises the Second
Wisconsin, Third Wisconsin and Six
teenth Pennsylvania regiments.
PURPOSE OP SECIIETAUY ALGER .
Is 'to moke, the, P.orto Rican campaign
a short one. An overwhelming force
will be thrown upon the. island' and it
Is possible "that a bloodies victory will
be achieved when the Spanish become
convinced that they have no reason
able chance to resist suceesfully.
""The expedition is to comprise 80,000
mn at the start, and it will' be swelled
noon to 40,000 men and If necessary
to 70,000 men, the equipment of the
volunteer forces having now progress
ed so wejl as to warrant the state
ment that that number of men can be
ready for service in Porto Rico within
a very short time.
The entire bqdy of troops at Tampa
will be taken, numbering .about 13,000
men and including a lot of heavy and
light artillery 'under command of Gen
Th expedition will be particularly
etxaajr with artillery, as spine of that
At ftaajAagp .cfmmandajl W Gjnerai
RanioiphT Is t bp"lir"iwii upon.
Tbe part which the navy is to take
in the, assault against Porto Rico "Haa
ee"fully matured. The ievarai trans
port ieeta will haye with tbjun one or
two auxiliary craft carrying strong
secondary batteries of six or eight
'PART THE JfAVY WILL PLAY.
It is the general understanding that
the navy will rely mainly on armored
stypj for the, bombardment of San
Juan, as the. big battjeshlpa and mon
itors, afford tbe" best' means, of offen
sive warfare, "while their armor belts
protect them, from such Are as the
&n Juan batteries can bring to bear.
Thp fortifications 'tiers' are much
like those' of Santiago, wth a Morro
castle at the entrance of the harbor
and. a number of legaej fortifications
leading up to the city.
The'se, however, are yle-fsA with less
awe since an examination of the
Morro batteries at Santl&sC has shown"
them to. be, antiquated tmd capable ot
little effective resistance.
' Tqe movement of the ships from
Santiago to their new fields of action
will begin at dnce, and It is probable
that some of Admiral Sampson's ships
haye been detached" and proceeded
with General Miles' first expedition to
ward Porto Rico.
They will be needed to cover the
debarkation of the troops on Porto
Rican soil. The others will follow rs
soon as the full army expedition is
ready to make a landing, when the
attack will begin simultaneously from
land and sea.
ENTITLED TO A REST;
Secretary Long said that, no appre
hension whatever existed over the
Spanish threat that the Camarn squad
ron would be divided, part of the ships
coming to this side to attack Ameri
can seaport cities.
This is looked upon as sheer bluff
and it will not have the effect of
changing any of the navy plans or of
withdrawing any ships for patrol ser
vice on the Atlantic coast
Should the Spanish threat be made
good, ships more than a match for any
of Camara's vessels would be avail
able at any Atlantic port on short
No time has been set for the de
parture of Commodore Watson's
squadron for Spain, although this
move, also, Is drawing near rapidly.
Secretary Long said that reported new
lists of the ships of this squadron
were inaccurate, as the list bad not
been finally made up.
It has bf en finally decided that none
of the troops that participated In the
actual fighting before Santiago shall
be employed on the Porto Rico ex
pedition. There are two reasons for this:
First the men have suffered severely
from hardships, the climate and from
fevers, and are
NO APPREHENSiON EXISTS.
Second, it is deemed to be very bad
practice to allow the soldiers who have
been exposed to yellow fever to be
brought In contact with those fresh
from the United States.
There is also still another reason,
a purely military one. Ten thousand
Spanish troops are at Holguin, Man
zanlllo and other points within strik
ing distance of Santiago and mjght,
nqt lose an opportunity to recover the
ground lost at Santiago if the place
were left Insufficiently protected.
Therefore Shafter's entire army is
to be kept Qn guard on the high hills
in the rear of the town until the men
have stamped out the yellow fever.
Then they will take a turn at the
Spaqiards if they can be found and It
may be that Shafter's march will end
' He will work as far from his base
aB possible after his army is thor
oughly refreshed, hunting the eneiry
wherever they are liable to be found.
Between Philippine Iriiurrents and tbe
Spanish. Governor General.
Manilla, July 13, via Hongkong, July
19. An Important Interview has Just
been held between General Agulnaldo's
secretary, L.egardo, and a pfbrnlnent
native white man and the Spanish
commander, General Augustl.
The Insurgents' representatives urged
General Augustl "to surrender the city,
asserting that the 5,000 insurgents sur
rounding Manilla were able to enter It
.at any moment
Thus far, they added, the Insurgents
had been restrained jvlth difficulty, but
If the Spaniards continued stubborn
the resu't w.ould be that the Insur
gents would be compelled to bombard
and storm the city, "with Inevitable
slaughter, unparalleled In history, be
cause in the excitement of battle they
can not discriminate."
Continuing, the captain general's
Visitors advised him to disregard the
official fictions regarding alleged Span
ish yIctori.es in Cuba and reinforce
ments coming to the Philippine isl
ands, apd proposed a reconciliation be
tween the Spaniards in the Philippines
and the'insurgents, under a republican
fla'g, and ' joint. '.endeavor to persuade
the Americans io abandon boBtilitjlja
in the' Philippine Islands. '
Fin'ailj, (he representatives of the
insurgents propojsed to' appeal to the
pbwers to reebgffTZetbe' Independence"
of the Philippines
The captain general declared that he
must fight, however hopeless the Span
ish cause. Legarda then returned to
, Cavlte, taking yith him the native,
who is a paroieq prisoner.
The natives ,insde, the city say they
received, a fortnibj. ago, a concerted
sjgnal to prgpag "for" storming the
walls. A secorjCj signal, fixing the date
of the assault,' has not yetbeen Issued,
and they are tired of waiting and are
losing faith In Aguinaldo.
The Jatter, t is alle.g(j, flnds.lt ex
tremely "difflcult'ta capture 'the town
fortifications. His previous successes,
It is pointed out, were easy because of
the nature of the country, which suited
It is further alleged that the princi
pal points captured by the insurgents
were obtained possession of through
The insurgents are now bringing ar
tillery around by sea from Malabon,
which is tedious and troublesome
work. They are also obtaining detail
ed reports of the condition of affairs
from the inside of the city.
Admiral Dewey Is establishing a
more strict blockade lest it bo Invali
dated by permitting neutrals to visit
Cavlte and Malabon and send and ro
ceive mails inclosing surreptitious
He has threatened to station war
ships opposite the city, which might
precipitate hostilities, as the Spanish
officers declare they will certainly fire
on any American within range, re
gardless of the consequences.
The secoafi installment of American
troops is expected here dally and the
last detachments are hocked to arrive
here early In August Probably mili
tary operations will be deferred until
the September dry season, when it Is
cooler and possibly then bloodshed
may be unnecessary.
A Spanish steamer, the Fllipinas,
has just been brought in here in the
hands of the Insurgents. It appears
that she was on the northern coast and
escaping to China with a native crew
on board when the latter revolted,
killed the Spanish officers and brought
the vessel to Cavlte.
The Spaniards are dally employing
convicts to fell trees and burn huts on
the outskirts of the town. Fussllades
continue, but otherwise the position is
The stock of flour is practically ex
hausted. The supplies of rice and
Buffalo meat will last for months
DIRECT THOM GOMEZ
Cornea a Report of Supplies Landed by
the United Sjates.
Washington, July J9. Lieutentant
Ahern brought to Secretary Alger a
report of the expedition which carried
supplIeSj to General Gome? in the Flor
ida and Fanlta. The expedition was
under the command of Lieutenant
Johnson, Tenth cavalry, who has re
mained in charge to see that the arms
and supplies are distributed according
to the wishes of the United States gov
ernment. Lieutenant Ahern comes direct from
the Cuban general, whose headquar
ters is near Sancti Splrlt'us in the
province of Santa Clara, and brings
important reports from General Gomez
to Secretary Alger.
General Gomez was found to have
about 5,000 men poorly armed and
equipped and with very little in the
way of supplies. The supplies sent
by the United States will enable Gomez
to fully equip his troops and make It
possible for them to be qf some use
in expelling Spain from the island.
The expedition carried dynamic
guns, rifles, ammunition, food, cloth
ing and many othpr things in large
quantities. It landed on the south
shore of Cuba west of the trocha and
was able to reach Gomez without great
France Will Salute Us.
Washington, July 19. A French
warship will be the first foreign ship
to salute the American flag flying on
Cuban soil. The French cruiser
Rlgault de Genoullly has been ordered
to Santiago. The first fornallty qn
arriving at. Santiago is for the foreign
warship to salute the flag of the gov
ernment of the port The salute will
be to the American flag.
IJbey Know It In Madrid. ""?
Madrid, July 19.' Lieutenant General
Correa, minister of war, has received'
a dispatch from General Blanco In
cluding General Toral's report of the
capitulation of Santiago de Cuba. Gen
eral Toral'a renort is dated Saturday
evening, July 16, and its details accord
with the reports already published.
Prince of Wale's Injured.
London, July 19. A bulletin Issued
at Marjbqrpugb bouse, tty? London rps-
Idenqe qf the Priaqe 'of "JJTal. says th,e
prince haB fractured his left ka. cap,
? Jujy r-Mr8. RcfckhJU,
wlVqf Mr. W. W. RbckiM, tSi Tjnb-
cu ontuo uimiBier iQ urtece, aiea ot
EPOCH IN OUR HISTORY
Important State Paper Iss-jqd
by the President.
ENTIRELY NEW DEPARTURE
No Other President '. Issuec
WAR HAS MADE IT NECESSARY
In General Terms the Document Pro
vides For the Government of the
Province or Suntlngo J
Cuba, Which IIus Just
Washington, July 19. A state papei
that will be historic, marking an epoch
In American history, was issued Mon
day night by direction of President
It provides in general terms for th
government of the province of San
tiago de Cuba and is the first docu
ment of the kind ever prepared by a
president of the United States.
By order of Secretary Alger, Adju
tant General Corbln cabled the docu
ment to General Shatter, in command
of the military forces at Santiago.
The paper is not only an author
ization and instruction to General
Shafter for the government of the
captured territory, but also a procla
mation to the people of the territory
of the intentions of the government ol
the United States regarding them and
It marks the formal establishment
of a new political power in the island
of Cuba and insures to the people ol
the territory over which the power ex
tends absolute security In the exercise
of their private rights and relations,
as well as security to their persons
and prpperty. The full text of the
document Is as follows:
Washington, July 18.
To the Secretary of Wap
Sir The capitulation of the Spanish
forces in Santiago de Cuba and in the
eastern part of the province of San
tiago, and the occupation of the terri
tory by the forces of the United States
render it necessary to instruct the mil
itary commander or the United states
as 'to thfc conduct which he is to ob
serve during the military occupation
The first effect of the military occu
pation of the enemy's territory is the
severance of the former political rela
tions of the inhabitants, and the es
tablishment of a new political power.
Under this changed condition ol
things the inhabitaats, so long as they
pprform their duties, are entitled tc
security in their persons and property
and in all their private rights and re
lations. It Is my desire that the inhabitants
of Cuba should be acquainted with the
purpose of the United States to dis
charge to tne runes): extent us obliga
tions in this regard. It will therefore
be the duty of the commander of the
army of occupation to announce and
proclaim in the most public manner
that we come not to make war upon
the Inhabitants of Cuba, nor upon any
party or faction among them, but to
protect them in their homes, in theh
employments and in their personal
and religious rights.
All persons who, either by active aid
or by honest submission, co-operate
with the United States in Its efforts
to give effect to this beneficent pur
pose, will receive the reward of its
support and protection. Our occupa
tion should be as free from severity
Though the powers of the military
occupant are absolute and supreme,
and immediately operate upon the po
litical condition of the Inhabitants,
the municipal laws of the conquered
territory, such as affect private, rjghjts
of person and property 'and provide
for the punishment of crime are con
sidered as continuing in force, so far
as they are compatible with the new
order of things, until they are sus
pended or superseded by the occupy
ing belligerent', and' in practice they
are' not usually abrogated, but are al
lowed to remain In fqr.ce. and to he
administered by the ordinary tribu
nals, substantially as they' were be
fore the occupation.
This enlightened practice Is, so Jar
as possible, to be adhered to on the
present occasion. The Judges and the
other officials connected with the ad
ministration of Justice may, If thev
accept tile supremacy of the United
States, continue to administer the or
dinary law of the land, as bet,ween
man and man, under the supervision
of the Amarlcan commander In chief.
The nativ.o constabulary will, so fai
as may be practicable, be pree,rvod
The freedom of the- people to pursue
their accustomed becupations will be
abridged only whe,n it may be neces
sary to do so.
' While the' rule of conduct of the
American comrndnder in dhlef, will be
such as has Just been defined, (t, will
be his duty to' adopt meoJiuYes of a
different kind if, unfortunately, the
course of the people should render
such measures Indispensable to the
maiAtenance qf law and flrder.
He" will then 1)bs8e88' thOower to
replace or expel the "native" officials In
part or AUflRther, to substitute hew.
courts of his, own constitution for
'thole 'that n6w exiB,t, fir to"create each
jifiw or' jujrolemeptary. ' trlbanaltf'-i.s
.may be necesary, In .the exerefse qf
Ufeije .high Ifio'Were the ioTnmander,
must be ruided by. his Judgment and
his experience, and a high sense of
One of the most Important and most
practical problems with which it will
be necessary to deal is of the treat
ment of property and the collection
and administration of the revenues.
It is conceded that all public funds
and securities belonging to the gov
ernment of the country in its own
richt, and all arms and supplies and
other movable property of such gov
ernment, may be seized by the mili
tary occupant and converted to his
The real property of the state he
may hold and administer, at the same
time enjoying the revenues thereof,
but he if not to destroy It save in the
case of military necessity. All public
means of transportation, such as public
lines, cables, railways and boats be
longing to the state may "be appropri
ated to his use?, but, unless in case of
military necessity, tney are not to ue
destroyed. All churches and build
ings devoted to the religious worship
and to tho arts and sciences, all
schoolhouses, are, so far as possible,
to be protected, and all destruction or
Intentional defacement of such places,
of historical monuments or archives
or of works of science Or art Is pro
hibited, save when required by urgent
Private property, whether belong
ing to individuals or corporations, Is
to be respected, and can be confiscated
only as hereafter indicated. Meat's
of transportation, such as telegraph
lines and cables, railways and boats,
may, although they belong to private
individuals or corporations, be seized
by the military occupant, but unless
destroyed under military necessity are
not to be retained.
While it is held to be the right of
the conqueror to levy contributions
upon the enemy in their seaports,
towns or provinces which may be in
his military possession by conquest,
and to apply the proceeds to defray
the expense of the war, this right is
to be exercised within such limitations
that it may not savor of confiscation.
As the result of military occupation
the taxes and duties payable by the
inhabitants to the former government
become payable to the military occu
pant, unless he sees fit to substitute
for them other rates or modes of con
tribution to the expenses of the gov
ernment, he moneys so collected are
to be used for the purpose of paying
the expenses of government under the
military occupation, such as the sal
aries of the Judges and the police and
for the payment of the expenses ol
Private property taken for the use
of the army is to be paid for when
possible in cash at a fair valuation,
and when payment In cash is not pos
sible, receipts are to be given.
All ports and places In Cuba which
may be In the actual possession of our
land and naval forces will be opened
to the commerce of all neutral na
tions, as well as our own, in articles
not contraband of war, upqn payment
of the prescribed rates of duty which
may be In force at the time of the
Another Hospital Train Arrives.
Cincinnati, July 19. The second
hospital train with 84 sick and wound;
ed soldlers from Santiago has arrived
at Fort Thomas, Ky and all are re
ported as doing well. Promptly on
arrival the transfer was made from
the Chesapeake and Ohio tracks to the
hospital and all were cared for In the
hospitals. It is rSporjed that there
are no serious cases on the list All
will recover. There are now 225 from
the front In the fort hospitals.
Wnnts Cerverw to Stay
Atlanta, July 19. General John B.
Gordon was shown the Tampa dis
patch regarding the proffer to Cervera
of a home on Tampa Bay. The general
said: "If Admiral Cervera would like
to become an American citizen, I am
sure the south and the whole country
would welcome such a brave and hon
War Tariff For Snntlnco.
Washington, July 19. The president
has signed the war tariff for Santiago
and it takes effect at once, it adopts
In general the privileged rates now
giyen Spain there and makes that
tariff uniform for all countries Includ
ing the United States.
Talks LIUo a Spaniard.
Boston, July 19. Pro?essor Charles
Eliot Norton, formerly of Harvard col
lege, reasserts that the war with' Spain
is "inglorious, needless and criminal."
Senator Hoar 1b looking after the pro
fessor. County Jail Wrecked.
St Joseph, Mo., July 19. Great ex
citement was created by the explosion
ot dynamite in tho county Jail, the act
of a number of desperate convicts
awaiting transfer to the penitentiary.
The rear end of the Jail was wrecked,
but the prisoners' escape was prevent
ed by citizens and officer!, who hurried
to the scene armed with guns and pis
tols. Port of Snntjn'a-o Opened,
Washington, July 19. The following
telegram 'has been sent to the princi
pal collectors along .the, 4tlaj,lc coaBt:
"You may clear American or neutral
vessels with supplies and prqvisioiMi
for Santiago de Cuba." The dispatch
was sent by the treasury "departmnt,
ZanesyJUp, 0., July 19."' The tint
glass workers' national oonTftntfm
here adopted only unimportant chut
. th rWf?& Rtfcr
li local unions will banquet tat caa
vention dlegajty. .