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THE EVENING BULLETIN.
MAYSVILLE, KY., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1900.
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Nicaragnan Route Keconi mended by
REPORT SUBMITTED TO CONGRESS.
Comparative Cost and Advantages
Of tilt) Mt:ara;;uaii and Panama
itoutcs Mcaraguuii Suivey Is
Longer But -Wore Practical.
Washington, Dec. 4. President Mc
Klnley submitted to congress the re
port ot the canal commission.
Tho report of the commission gives
as the unanimous conclusion of that
body that "the most practicable and
feasible route for an Isthmian canal,
under control, management and own
ership of the United States., is that
known as the Nicaragua route.
The committee estimates cost of this
route at $200,540,000. This estimate Is
much lu excess of any heretofore ma.le
and is due to Increased dimensions and
other, features not heretofore consid
ered. The commission also estimates
thecosfcofa canal by tho Panama route
at $142,342,579, according to one route,
or $150,378,258, according to another
route. Ab between the Nicaragua and
Panama route the commission sums up
a number of advantages favorable to
the former. It states also that under
the concession given by the govern
ment of Colombia to the Panama canal
company, that company is not free to
grant the necessary rights to the Unit
ed States except upon conditions made
by the company. The report is a doc
ument of about 17,000 words, almost
as long as the president's message. Al
though the work of the commission is
not yet completed, many of the field
parties still being out, it has been suf
ficiently advanced to make It practic
able to present this preliminary report
giving the essential findings. A thr
ough investigation has been made net
only of the Nicaragua and Panama
route, but of other possible routes, the
commission keeping in mind the indus
trial, commercial and military value of
an interoceanle canal, and also the
rights, privileges and franchises pc
cessary to be secured for the construc
tion of a canal under the control, man
agement and ownership of the United
States. In all, 31 working parties were
organized and sent into the field, mak
ing a force of about 220 engineers and
assistants, besides about 600 laborers,
boatmen and other workmen employed
In the various countries, a total of
more than 800. Meanwhile the mem
bers of the commission personally con
ducted various branches of the work.
One party went to Paris, where it ex
amined details of the Panama canal
project of the French company,
islzc. of the Caual.
The commission favors a canal 150
feet wide at tho bottom and 35 feet
deep at mean low water, to enable the
very largest ships to pass each othei,
with locks 740 feet long and 84 l'cei
wide. These dimensions are larger
than any previously pioposed on ac
count of the lncreaso in size of o:exn
going vessels, and as It is estimated
the canal could not be completed With
in 10 years, allowance Is made for
further increase in maritime dlraen
Hinna. A double system of locks Is fav
ored. With single lock system and
narrowing tho bottom one-third would
reduce the cost to $163,913,000. Thb
Nlcaraguan route is 186 miles long,
following the lines laid down by the
commission ot 1897, beginning at
Greyton on tho Atlantic following the
San Juan river into Lake Nicaragua,
and terminating at Brito on the Pa
cific. The greatest obstacle to over
come would be the construction of a
dam across the San Juan river, which
would require eight years.
The Panama route is 35 miles long
With a 300 foot summit at mean tide.
With single locks and narrow bottom
the cost could bo reduced to $115,911,
215. Value of the woik already doue
by tho French company is estimated at
The Panama canal would be shorter,
have 'fewer locks and less curvature
than tho Nicaragua canal. The meas
uro of theso advantages is the time re
quired for .a vessel to pass through,
which is estimated for an average ship
at 2 hours for Panama and 33 hours
for Nicaragua. On the other hand,
tho distance from San Francisco to
New York is 377 miles, to New Orleans
579 miles, and to Liverpool 386 miles
greater via Panama than via Nicara
gua. Tho time required to pass over
theso distances being greater than the
difference in. the tlmo of transit through
the canals, the Nicaragua lino, aftoi
completion would bo more advantage
ous to the United States, notwithstand
ing tho greator cost of maintaining
tho longer canal.
The report Bays tho United States
will derive far greater benefit from thv
canal -than Europe, both commercially
and Industrially. The benefits Europe
would derive would bo commercial; In
addition to this ours would be political
In view of all the facts and particu
larly in view of all tho difficulties of
obtaining the necessary rights, priv
ileges and franchises on the Panama
route, and Nicaragua and Costa Rica
recognizing the value of the canal to
themselves and are prepared to grant
concessions on termB which are rea
sonable and acceptable to tho United
States, the commission Is of the opin
ion that the most practicable and
feasible route for an Isthmian canal
to be under the control, management
and ownership of tho United States, la
that kt.wn as the Nicaragua route.
Ouko of Manchester Disqualified to
Sit In House of Lor s.
London, Dec. 4. The house of com
mons after a visit tb the house of lords
where royal approval of the re-election
of the speaker, William Court.
Gully was signified, proceeded to swear
in tho membeis of the house of com
mons. The only Interesting featute In
the house of lords was the lord chan
cellor's announcement of tho receipt
of certificates showing the Duke of
Manchester and Baron Sudely had
been adjudicate bankrupts, pieuluding
Washington, Dee. 4. By direction
of Major General Wood, commandite
the division of Cuba, the eavahy
troops aro engaged in a series of
marches of not less than two weal s'
duration. Commanding officers havp
been Instructed to give special atten
tlon to the needs of actual service lr
the campaigns, loading and unloading
of transportation, pitching and taking
down of tents, Including the shekel
tent, cooking, signaling, field sketch
ing, packing and exercises In minor
tactics. A careful Itinerary will be
made of the routes passed over and Un
report of the march will be accompan
ied by a map of the route.
Report on Paris Exhibit.
Philadelphia, Doc. 4. The United
States commissioners to the Paris ex
position met at tho Hotel Bellevue and
completed the report which they will
submit to President McKlnley. M. H.
DeYoung, president of the committee,
presided. Franklin Murphy of New
Jersey was chairman of the committee
which prepared the report. After the
meeting the commissioners were en
tertained at luncheon by William D.
Elklns, the Pennsylvania representa
tive at his country residence near this
city. Later In the day the commis
sioners went to Washington where
they will be guests of the president.
Columbus, O., Dec. 4. A. Gugen
heimer Distilling company, Cincinnati,
amendment changing name to Albert
M. Gugenhelm Distilling company;
Cleveland Pneumatic Tool company,
Cleveland, Increase from $25,000 to
$75,000; Thompson Creamery cam
company, Thompson, $5,000; Charles
H. Albrecht company, Cincinnati,
$00,000; Akron People's Telephone com
pany, Akron, $1,000; Home Grocery
company Miamlsburg, $2,000; Hungar
ian Ith tS. Elisabeth's Ladles' Benevo
lent Aid Society of Toledo.
Sulsun, Cal Dec. 4. A freight train
collided with a construction train on
tho South Pacific three miles south of
here. Eight are dead at the sceno of
the wreck and 22 Injured men have
been brought Into Sulsun. The killed
and wounded are all laborers who
were engaged In repairing the track.
Died In Service.
Springfield, Ills., Dec. 4. James A.
Winston, 7C, a clerk ot the United
States court in Oklahonla under Judge
W. M. Springer, died in" this city. He
was chief clerk In the revenue office of
this district during President Cleve
land's first term and had been circuit
clerk of this county.
Onto IDs Job.
Jackson, Mich., Dec. 4. -Ex-Quartermaster
General William L. White, who
was sentenced to 10 years for fraud
and embezzlement in connection with
tho state militia clothing frauds was
received at tho penitentiary here. He
was numbered 7,342 and assigned to
the tailor shop.
Expenses at Paris.
Washington, Dec. 4. Commissioner
Peck's report of tho expenditures of
the Paris exposition commission for
the year ending Nov. 15, 1900, was sent
to the senate. Tho total amount ex
pended was $939,465.
For Ohio. Fair, except snow flurries
near the. lake; varlablo winds becom
ing fresh to brisk northwesterly.
For West Virginia. Fair except
probably snow in tho mountain dis
tricts, northerly to westerly winds.
Eastern Jlcn Fail to Come Forward
In the Project.
WESTERN CITIES DROP THE DEAL.
fiveryllilng Was Lovely and t lie Goose
Mas on llin Top Peg Until MotJraw
And KiibliiHOti Hacked Out.
No National Association Now.
Milwaukee, Dec. 4. As far as Mil
waukee and other western elites aie
concerned, the matter of establ.shing
a new baseball league to be known ab
the National association Is off. Fail
ure of certain eastern men to co-operate
In the plan of formation is given
as the cause for abandoning the p.o
ject, A. H. Koch of Milwaukee, who
represented this city's Interest In the
talked-of new league, said: "As far
as myself and other Mllwaukeeans aie
concerned, the formation of the base
ball league to be known as the Nation
al asoclatlon Is off for the colng year,
at least. Everything was going along
nicely until McGraw and Roblnlson In
tho east went back on us. The west
ern end was solid for the movement
and everything looked extremely hope
ful until the change came In the east
and we were deserted by McGraw and
his colleague. We have withdrawn our
money which was put on deposit with
the Baltimore Trust company and the
deal Is off."
John He Hop Skipper.
London, Dec. 4. A dispatch from
Hankow says the Kalgan expedition
was Ineffective, the Chinese evading
all attempts to engage them. The
towns en route weie unoccupied and
unopposed and some tolls of skins and
silver were levied. The cavalry cap
tured the baggage of retreating Chi
nese "force at Swen-Hwa fu, killed 30
of Its guards and secured 20,000 taels.
Three mandarins who were Instigators
of the massacre of converts at Tsl-
mlng and 23 Boxers were executed,
but the Germans generally Ignored
evidences of anti-foreign activity.
There are continuous disturbances In
the interior, where a bad Impression
has been made by the excessive with
drawal of foreign troops and the com
placence of the allies. Missionaries an
tlcipate a recrudescence of outrages.
The Yang Tze viceroys who are mas
ters of the situation gave Vice Admiral
Seymour satisfactory assurances of
their future policy on the occasion of
his recent vis,lt to these officials.
Mgued and Sealed.
Frankfort, Ky., Dec. 4. The state
election commission elected C. M. Duty'
(R.) to succeed Commissioner Yontz,
and Allen Smith of Louisville secre
tary. The canvassing ot the Novem
ber election returns was completed
and certificates of election were Issued
to Governor Beckham (D.), Judge
elect O'Rear (R.), the 13 Bryan elect
ors and nine Democrats and two Re
publicans for congress. The contests
over the minor state offices seem likely
to bo renewed. From motions and af
fidavits filed In the court of appeals It
Is evident that ex-Governor Bradley
and other attorneys will try to bring
the former judgment of the courts in
the contest case3 up for review by the
court of appeals after Its reorganiza
tion in January, when Judgo O'Rear
goes on the bench, giving the Republi
cans a majority In the court.
Paris Murder Mys ry.
Paris, Dec. 4. A package containing
the severed head, arms and legs of a
young man have been discovered in
some waste ground near tho -Rue des
Platriers, at Belleville, and another
package containing a disemboweled
and otherwise mutilated trunk, was
found in a gateway on tho Ruo du
Faubourg St. Denis, a mile and a half
distant. Tho two discoveries appar
ently connect with the same murder,
evidently committed recently, from the
appearance of the body when found.
Tho first package was deposited by six
men, who were seen from a dwelling
house opposite. The crime has caused
d great sensation.
Lloyd Smith Bounced.
Chicago, Dec. 4. Lloyd J. Smith,
who was acquitted in the crlmlnul
court of a charge of shipping grain
from tho warehouses of the Chicago
Elevator company without cancelling
tho receipts was found guilty by the
directors ot the board of trade and ex
pelled from hla seat In that organiza
tion, by an almost unanimous vote.
The trial lasted 11 days. The evidence
produced tended to show that the ele
vator company of which Smith was
general manager, had shipped 803,000
bushels of grain without cancelling
Fire almost totally destroyed build
ing and stock of Stambaugh-Thomp
eon hardware company at Youngs
town, O. Loss $100,000,
AS HEWED IH LONDON.
Pom m cut of British Kditors on tin
London, Dec. 4. "Mercifully," says
the Pall Mall Gazette, "not even tue
conscientious Router has cabled tne
full 15 columns of President McKln
ley's message. This was wise since no
English paper could possibly have
printed It to the necessary exclusion
from Its pages of arsenical Boer aiu
other things that really do stir the
great heart of the people. The mobt
Interesting section, however, China, Is
given in full; but it cannot be said
that its length Is equivalent to lib
The Globe airs the ultra-Jlngostl.
opinions, ot which It has almost nij
nopoly. Taking for its text the leier
ence to the Isthmian canal It declares
that Washington is not entitled to
override our treaty-secured rights In
any part of Central America, except
with the consent of our government.
The Hay"-Pauncefote compromise goes
farthest in extreme conciliation and
represents this country's very last
word, and the United States musl
either accept the proposal as It stands,
or abide by the ruling of the Clayton
Bulwer treaty, however embarrassing
its provisions may be to American
imperialism. Tho Daily Graphic
says: Tho policy of the United
States regarding China Is not
heroic, but It is certainly practical, and
there is ample reason to believe that
It will prevail." The Times says: "Th.
message makes It clear that on the
vital point of Insisting upon punish
ment for the outrages Mr. McKlnley
remains firm." The Dally News says.
"The message contains nothing nw
and nothing very Illuminating on mat
ters that are old." In the opinion in
The Standard the Washington govei n
ment has "acted as a drag on Euro
Secretary Gage's Report.
Washington, Dec. 4. Secretary
Gage's, annual report on the condition
of the federal treasury was made pub
lic Tuesday. Its salient features were
epitomized In the president's message.
The report shows that the receipts for
tho fiscal y.ar 1900 aggregate $66!),
595,431.18; total expenditures, $590.
068,371; balance $79,527,060.1S. Total
gold stock of the United States July J,
1900, $1,034,439,264; silver, $617,371.
030. Total circulation Nov. 1, 1900.
Gold coin, $621,761,203; gold certifi
cates, $215,595,969; standard silver dol
lars, $73,479,469; silver certificates,
$421,380,745; subsidiary silver $81,033,
187; treasury notes, $65,478,460; Unit
ed States notes, $333,295,061; national
bank notes $325,375,258; currency cer
tificates $1,780,000. Total exports of
merchandise valued at $1,394,483,082;
total imports, $849,941,184. Total re
ceipts from Internal revenue taxes
$295,31G,107.57. Total number of im
migrants during the year, 418,572; not
including 65,635 alien passengers.
Washington, Dec. 4. The cabinet
meeting developed nothing of special
Interest. A copy of the civil municipal
code for the Phlllpp.ne Islands prepar
ed by the Philippine commission was
presented and the portion relative to
collecting revenues was read. The
code, It Is said, follows closely along
the lines of the laws of the United
States, guaranteeing civil and religious,
liberty, and piotectlon for persons and
property. The code will not go Inro
effect until It has met with the approv
al of the president and It is p.-.asibl-that
congress may bo suggested to
more fully meet the views of the ad
ministration. It was announced that
General Chaffee telegraphed the secre
tary of war asking for authority to
provide more suitable quarteis for the
legation guard in Peking during the
Chopping Down War Taxes
Washington, Dec. 4. The Republi
can members ot the ways and meaus
committee had another meeting to
consider the bill for the reduction of
the war revenue taxes. There is some
talk In tho committee of increasing
the reduction over the $30,000,000 at
first agreed upon and there appears to
be a prospect that some increase over
tho original figures will bo made, but
no definite action has yet been taken.
The Republicans probably will hold
several meetings before final action Is
taken and a caucus of the Republicans
may be held.
At Philadelphia 600 members oi
pressmen's union struck for uniform
wages; 76 job offices affected.
Panther devoured 8-year-old daugh
ter of C. F. Rllcy ot Mad Brook set
tlement near Cartwrlght, Wis.
Six men killed and a dozen injured
by boiler explosion In power house of
Chicago and Northwestern railroad U
Maurlo Devisor, noted diamond
thief, arrested at EUPaso, Tex. Had
$40,000 worth of Jewels. Wanted in
Italy. Spain and Cuba.
SHIP SUBSIDY BILL,
Senat Diridt's to Give the Mon.-iir-Immediate
ITS A10RITS DISCUSSED BY FRYE.
Senator Petllgrew Wants Info illa
tion Iteardiiif; I lie Ciihiin PoMal
ScandnU Clark Case Given a
Willi 1 Dolliver Ssenteri.
Washington, Dec. 4. Senator Frye
(Me.) moved that the senate proceed
to consideration of the shipping sub
sidy bill. Senator Jones (Ark.) de
manded a roll call on the taking up of
the bill. The motion carried, 38 to 20.
Senator Frye then took the floor and
made a speech In favor of the bill.
Mr. Frye reviewed what had been
done In the past to revive the mer
chant marine of the United States, say
ing every effort made so far by legisla
tion had failed of Its purpose. Thf
world, he said, had entered upon a
great commeiclal war which would be
a long and fierce contest. He alsu
pointed out the subsidies which for
eign governments were paying their
ships. He said It cost 80 per cent more
to run our ships than it did to ran the
ships of Great Britain and Norway.
Senator Pettigrew introduced a ie3o
lutlon calling upon the postmaster
general to send to the senate any in
formation he may have in his posses
sion concerning the postal frauds in
Cuba. Senator Piatt (Conn.) made ob
jection to Immediate consideration,
and the resolution went over for a day.
The case of Senator Clark (Mont.i
came up for a few moments, but at 2
o'clock went over.
Jonathan Prentiss Dolliver, who was
appointed to succeed the late Senator
Gear of Iowa, took the oath ot office.
Among the bills passed by the sen
ate was one authoilzing George D
Melklejohn to accept a decoration of
Chevalier of the first class from the
government of Sweden and Norway.
Sulzer's Iloer Resolution.
Washington, Dec. 4. Representative
Sulzer (N. ' ) Introduced In the hous.'
the following resolution: Whereas the
war in South Afilca has degeneiated
into a leckless and ruthless extermi
nation of a brave people fighting for
their homes and liberty; resolved, that
the congress of the United States pro
test in the name of humanity and civ
ilization against a continuation of war
which outrages the feelings of all lib
erty loving people and that the con
gress of the United States being com
mitted to the principle of arbitration
for the settlement of International dis
putes, uiges upon the government of
her majesty the wisdom of adopting
this policy for the puipose of stopping
the awful atrocities now going on in
South Africa. ,.
Supreme Court for Philippines.
Washington, Dec. 4. Senator Stew
art Introduced a bill creating a su
preme court for the Philippine Islands
with five jiuiges, who are to be ap
pointed for life and each or whom is to
draw a salary of $20,000 per annum.
The bill provides for an appeal or writs
of error to the United States supreme
court In all cases involving more than
$20,000 and In those In which the con
stitution of the United States Is In
volved. Speaking of his motive for
placing the salary at so high a figure,
Mr. Stewart said he had done so in or
der to secuie men of character and
professional standing for the office.
JJatcli of Appointments.
Washington, Dec. 4. The president
sent to the senate a large number ot
appointments. Among them were Wil
liam Bynum of Indiana, to be commis
sioner to revise and codify the crimi
nal and penal laws of the United
States; Jacob Trlober of Arkansas to
be United States district judge for the
eastern district of Arkansas; William
M. Johnson of Now Jersey, to be first
assistant postmaster general.
Washington, Dec. 4. In the house
Mr. Hepburn (la.) withdrew tho cre
dentials of J. P. Connor of Iowa, who
was elected to succeeded former rep
reaentlve, now senator, Dolliver, and
offered new credentials from the
governor ot Iowa, certifying to the
election of Mr. Connor. No objection
was made and Mr. Connor was sworn.
Washington, Dec. 4. Senator Clay
of Georgia introduced bills providing
for admission free of duty of articles
controlled by trusts, and for the re
funding of tho tax collected on raw
cotton In the event that the supreme
court holda to bo unconstitutional tin
law under which the tax was collected
At Pans, Ky., iienry Lawson whllo
drunk slashed to death Henry John
son, colored, onMhe street and tried to
kill another colored man and W. H.
Cox, agent of Kentucky Midland.
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