Newspaper Page Text
iii Ji mm COUNTRY
Condition of tho Laborer and
business in a Land Where
Frco Coinage Exista
WHAT THE MEXICANS SAY,
A Representative of the St Loui
Globe-Democrat Tells What
Since tlic froe-silvcr people began to
jwint to Mexico us nn Weal country
where the free coinage of silver hart
nuidc everyone happy, contented nnd pros-
ktous, thero has bivn miicli wiitten by
incn who hart lived there and others.
The reports, which were not flattering
to the country, were denied by tho sil
er advocates and branded ns lies. The
cilvoritos stoutly maintained that if la
lur was as well employed here as In
.Mexico the great question of what to do
with the poor would be solved ns there
Mould be no poor. They claimed that
in that country there was no Wall sheet:
that food, clothing and the necessities
of life were cheaper; that the nation
av.is prospering as It nfer hart before,
and nil 'oil account of the free coinage
The St. Louis Globe Democrat, wish
Ins to be just lu the matter, decided
to send a representative there who would
reaort what he saw mid learned, with
out r gnrd as to how the reports would
nffect the political situation. The uinii
m.is one on whom the paper could de
jicml to tell the truth.
Extracts from borne of the letters
Mlmli throw home light on the subject
of frco bilvcr and its. iffects are printed
Prices Tlepciid on 1 orclgn IcrlimiRi.
l'irates on the high se.is could hard
3y lie a more dangerous menace to com
aueivo between nations than this fluctua
tion of exchange between countries on
sUITerent standards. Outside of a few
money-changer at coast ports, business
ini'n of the states hardly notice from
week to week the variations in exchange
lit'twcen thi'ir country and Dtiropo. l!ut
in tho business relations between the
I nited States and Meico the changing
sliffcreiieo between the standards is a
matter of hourly concern.
"What's exchange today?" goes with
oviry morning's salutation between mer
chants in Monterey.
"Silver's up" or "silver's down" Is the
commercial news of first importance.
The shrewd representative ot a San
"Antonio (Tex.) jobbing house on his wa
back to the suites from his midsummer
z-oiiud of the cities of Mexico said:
"Here's a variation of l)c betwien the
jreYld standard of the slates and the sliver
ftnndard of Mexico within two weeks.
Jlovv is a mm going to sell goods or do
any business between the countries when
lie has got to make allow anees for such
fluctuations. Whtn I sell a bill of goods
to a Mexican merchant on six months'
lime I've got to figure the prices high
s'lioogli to save nn house in the event
that .silver drops b one of those violent
fluctuations b"ore the day of settlement
comes. The merchant has got to mark
4b retail prices on a margin sufficient
to protect him against possible change.
.And so American goods must be sold In
Jloxieo at two margins above legitimate
jirolits In order to protect the American
jobber and the Mexican storekeeper
.against these npirt up and down move
ments of the standards. The condition
fa simply ruinous to trade. People will
not buy when prices are raised en tliem.
31y house may make a tremendous profit
or barely sate Itself in n sale of goods on
six months' time. That isn't the way to
1o business. Yon might ns well have a
Chinese wall between two countries as
Ok-kc fluctuations. And this is what we
will have on a vastly greater stale if
the United States goes to a sliver stand
nnl and Great Britain and the European
nations continue the gold standard. I
i.-iow trliat this thing of two standards
tafAiis between Mexico and the States,
ami I don't want to see it in our trade
with Great Britain and Europe."
A I)ollnr' Worth of Labor.
A dollar worth 50 cents commands the
same labor in Mexico now that a dollar
u-orUi a dollar did ten or twenty jcars
jijm. Ilight there Is the cornerstone on
which prosperity in tills silver country is
building. That is what makes It now
profitable to work mines with ores worth
s$7 and 58, Mexican money, a ton. That
-condition of labor brings the cost of min
ing and carrying out the ore down to 1
ji ton. That kind of labor built nnd
operates the cables, which take the place
-of thousands of burro trains, at a frac
"lion of the cost for like construction and
-operation in the States. Cables have re--dncitl
the cost of coin eying ore from the
mine to the railroad, two miles down the
'mountain, to 20 cents nnd .'10 cents n ton.
Tlbis labor enables railroads to haul ores
at from 00 cents to 1 a ton. It figures
in the cost of the trnusnortntion of the
coke from the gulf nnd the coal from the
border. And, finally, it enables the
smelters to make nn unprecedented! low
rate of $-1 a ton for treatment of ore.
At every step, from the first blow of
-11k1 pick In the mine to the landing of the
1afx bullion into molds at the furnace,
-this fi.xlty of wages on the basis of a
-dollar depreciated to one-half its value is
the chief factor which Insures the profit.
TWIiat mntters it if silver goes down It it
-commands just ns much labor ns ever,
auid If the lend In the bullion can still
be sold for gold? The smelters of Meti--co
buy ore from the mine owners, and
j-pay a Mexican dollar an ounce for the
wilver they get out of It. They paid this
-.several jcars ago, when silver was worth
muire than It Is now. They still pay it.
JuVcontly, under the importation of coni
ipetition, while silver was dropping so
rapidly In the United States, some of
tlw smelters of Mexico advanced the
tprioo they allowed the mine owners for
mUvex. They are now paying under some
contracts $1.00 In Mexican money for
very ounce of sliver found In the ore.
Today the brick-making plant a few
miles out of .Monterey, on the Mineral
railroad, is shipping 100,000 paving brick
to Kan Antonio, in Texas. It does this
nnd pays tho art valorem duty of 25 per
-s-cnt., which the Wilson tariff levies on
liricl: importations. The contract for
-Ihis brick shipment was obtained at
55an Antonio because tills company put
in thu lowest and best of twenty-eight
'iilds. The Monterey comnany enjoys
-the possession of excellent clay, hut that
isn t what ennmes it to senci unci; to the
United States at a profit. It outbid the
-twenty-seven American brick-making
-companies because it sells brick for
American money, worth 100 cents in
jKold, and hires good labor for Mexican
money, worth B0 cents in gold. This
.company Is paving three miles of Monte
rey streets with brick, displacing the
oo'bblcstoues of time immemorial. It
5eit down n block of the brick paving ns
.n object lesson, nnd the governor, Gen.
jBVrnardo Ileyes, with a keen perception
for n good thing, ordered three miles of
tho same to begin with. The brick man
ufactured on the bnsls of unchanging
wages nnd laid by the same will cost in
Mexican money a little less than the
same paving commands in American
money in the States. American cities
pay about $2.50 a square yard for brick
paved streets, Monterey will get her
streets paved for a little less than S2.50
0 ccjuare yard, and that price will bo In
money worth one-half the American
As in mining nnd In hrlekmaUng. so It
is in all industries, Monterey is boom
ing. Wages remain fixed nt the old rates,
and can be paid in the depreciated sil
ver. That gies the margin of profit.
Hie most striking of the object lessons,
perhaps, ore those which the railroads
furnish. These roads In Mexico are
well managed. The depots and sur
roundings nre mafvdoiTsly clean and
nent. The roadbeds will comnarc most
favorably with those in the states. The
train service Is excellent. Mexican
money docs It. East from Laredo to
Corpus Christ!, on the Gulf, wholly on
American toil, the Mexican National has
a division 1(0 miles long. Southward
from Laredo the first division of the
same road, within Mexican territory, ex
tends to Monterey, 108 miles, about tho
s.ime distance. On ono side of the ltio
Grande the Mexican National piys
wages In Mexican silver. On the other
side the pay loll is met with American
Conductors beXweon Laredo and Corpus
get $105 a month In gold. Conductors
between Laredo and Monterey get SIM
a month in Mexican silver, which is
worth $07.00, lor the same kind of serv
ice. Engineers on the Texas side are paid
$.1.50 in gold for 100 miles. Engineers
on the Mexican side receive $5.50 in
Mexican silver, worth $2.S0, for 100
Br.ikcmcn running to Corpus get S50 a
month in gold; to Monterey, $00 a
month in Mexican silver, woith $."0.50.
Firemen on the Texas division are piid
at the rate of SIX) In gold for 100 miles
traveled; on the Mexican division, $2.25,
A general officer of the Mexican Na
tional, too modest to have his name In
print, gave these wages from his hooks.
When he had read them off to this point,
an interested looker-on interrupted with:
"I should think all of the fellows on
the Monleiey division would want to get
ou the Texas division."
"I'roliably they would," said the officer,
"hut we have combined the runs so that
cut all mixed trains the ciews go through
from Cornus to Monteiev. That elves
them 1(!0 miles on a gold basis in Texas
and 1(!S miles on a silver basis in Mexi
co. They have the gold and the silver di
visions alternately. Wo do that to give
themnll the same chance."
"When did the company adopt this plan
of evening things V"
.Uiotit two jcars ago.
"I low about wages of section hands?"
The official turned to the books again.
"On the Texas division." he said, "fore
men get $10 a month in American money,
'i he laborers get 75 cents a day. On the
Mi xicau side foremen get $10 a month in
Mexican silver, and laborers 02j cents,
both in Mexican silver."
At the prevailing rate of exchange this
gives section foremen on the Mi-xicnn side
$20 a month and section hands about 111
cents a dnj in American money.
"Hut jou must remember," said the
railroad official, "these figures for fore
men and labor hold good onlv as far be
low the border ns S.iltillo. That is 210
miles south of the frontier. As jou go
toward the interior wages decrease.
From Snltlllo southwaid to S.in Luis
Potosi. 20S miles, section foremen arc
paid $1.50 a day anil laborers 50c a day,
all In Mexican silver. Still fuither
south, below San Luis Potosi, the pay is
$1.25 a day for foremen and for laborer
SK' a day. Mexican silver."
"Have railroad wages undergone any
change with the decline of Mexican sil
"No. Theo are the rates today, and
they were the same in lVs&. when silver
dollars were worth a half more than they
n n. mill' "
"The silver mine owners of Monterev
would be greatly grntilied to see Mr.
Brjan restore silver to $1.20 an ounce V"
was suggested to Mr. Joaquin .Mai.
"On the contrary," replied the owner
of San IV dm quickly and with decided
emphasis, "the less silver is worth, the
better for us."
This seeming paradox Mr. Mniz pro
ceeded to explain. In so doing lie threw
much light upon the operation of the sil
ver basis in n silver country. What he
said of wages anil living will be par
ticularly interesting in the United States.
"If wo got M.29 an ounce," lie be
gan, "it would be $1.20 in Mexican
money. Mexican money would be the
same as American money, and both the
same as gold. Under present conditions,
suppose we got onlv (15 cents nn ounce in
American money for our silver. That
American money is worth 100 per cent,
more than Mexican money. In other
words, the 05 tents an ounce in Amer
ican money or gold for our silver Is
worth double thnt in Mexican money.
So yon see wo would get no more per
ounce in Mexican money if silver was
worth $1.20. Now the main value of
our Monterey ores does not come from
the silver, but from the lead. If I have
lead In my silver ore running 25 per
cent, that will be BOO pounds of lead
to the ton of ore. At 3 cents that lead
is worth $15 In the United States. That
Is $15 In gold, which is $30 in Mexican
"Silver, you must remember," Mr.
Malz continued, "doesn't govern the
price of lead. If silver should gotup to
$1.20 an ounce, or, which is the same
tiling, to par with gold, my lead would
keep nbout even, regardless of the fluc
tuation of silver. It would still be
worth 3 cents In gold. My BOO pounds of
lead per ton would be worth $15 in gold,
but it wouldn't be worth nny more in
silver. It would be $15 in gold In Amer
ican silver nnd in Mexican silver."
Having shown that he would get very
little if any more In Mexican money
for his sliver If it commanded $1.20,
or par with gold, and having demon
strated that the advance of silver to
$1.29 would knock him out of half of
his return for the lead, measured by the
Mexican money, Mr. Malz proceeded to
that phase of the silver question which
is most Interesting to Americans.
"Now, there is another thing," he Fald,
"and it is this: When gold was about
even with Mexican money, or when there
wns very little eiiiiorence. we paid our
labor nt the mines 75 cents a day. The
amount was equivalent to nbout 70 cents
a day in American monev. Today we
nav those same miners 75 cents a day
In Mexican money, which is now equiv
alent to nbout 37'G cents a clay in gold.
This tfflj cents a clay in gold yields the
mine-owner the samo amount of labor
wiilcli wns produced for him when the
75 cents In Mexican money wns worth
70 tents in gold. The Mexican miner
does not consume for his nourishment
nnil Ms clothing nny but Mexican nrod-
nets, such ns coin, beans, coffee, sugar,
cotton goods, etc. Nearly all of these ar
ticles nre today sold nt the samo prices
as when silver was nt par with gold in
this country. Consequently the living
expenses of the miners haven't incrensed
at nil. They can perfectly well work
now nt thu same wages ns they received
when silver wiis the same ns gold."
Tho Silver Ilasls.
In wages on n silver basis, the mine
owner of Monterey finds his mnrgln. In
wages on n silver basis, the smelters of
Mexico figure out a great advantage over
those of the United States. The Omaha
smelter is one which offers n fair com-
Sarlson with this Guggenheim plant of
lonterey. They are, probably, the larg
est silver smelters in the two countries,
Each gives emplojmcnt to about 400
men. No ono will traveise the great
plant at Monterey nnd doubt that the
Mexicnn workman in the Industry ren
ders equal labor, man for man, with the
Auicilcnu employed in tho Omaha smelt
er. At Qmnlin ttere is little Inbor given
nt $1.50 a day. The wages in the various
fiiades of the smelter range ns high as
3 (J ejay. It will not place the average
too high to make it $2 per day. That Is
Ameiican mouey gold. Hero the com
mon labor unloads the cars and heaps the
ore by tjjc the?!"1 of tons Jj the y.TrJs,
This same lahor'Toatls Ule ore Into tho
little iron tramcars nnd wheels it under
the sheds, where tho more skilled woik
men do the mixing of the ores in great
beds. This common labor Bhovels and
lifts and pushes as hard ns tho $1.50
gold labor at Omaha and does It for 02V
nnnld rt ill... T. .!.... .. nil. .... nw fill.
v..t,o t, tin, ilU'MC.III MMV.I, '. "-
cents gold. This labor works ten hours a
clay for that pi ice. Then there
is the twelve hours labor, so divided
to keep tho smelter running night and
clay. Here somethlni? besides musclo en
ters in. Tho iroif barrows must ho
wheeled upon the scales, nnd ono kind
of ore follows another in, as beam after
beam tips, until the barrow is full of
just tho right proportions of lead nnd
iron and lime and various ores to take
out nil of the silver in tho smelting.
The Mexicans who do this nre paid 75
cents a d.iv, "worth 3"V4 cents American
money. Then come the feeders and the
furnace men, who know just when to
dump In the barrow loads at the top
and just when to tap nt the bottom tu
draw off tho bullion. This is labor that
receives $1 n day in Mexican silver, or
50 cents a day in gold. The sl.ig pullers
get 75 cents a day in silver. The fore
men of the arils, who moves about ovei
seeing nnd directing, nre paid from $3
to $5 a day. They are few in number.
Hill fewer are the furnace foiemen of
that ripe experience which is responsible
for tiie results. These get $200 a month,
the equivalent of $100 in gold.
The pay nt the Omaha smelter aver
ages $2 a day, or $W.K) for the 100 la
borers, the equivalent of $1000 in Mexi
can money. The pay at the Monterey
smelter averages $1 a dav in Mexican
money, or $100 for the J00 emploves.
Here is a dlffcreucu of $1200 Mexican
mouey or $000 gold in the daily pay
loHs. The Mexican silver smelters arc
said to bo making $10 in Mexican money
where tho American smelters are piotit
ing $1 in American monev. Whether
free sliver in the United States would
raise thu Mexican money to the Ameri
can money or livver tho Ameiican to the
Mexican it would require the American
smelters to pay only twice as much for
labor where now thev nav four tunes as
much as tho Mexican smelters elo. The
wages paid nt tho smelters here com
mand the best of Mexican labor. The
lowest rate, 02'Ae, is nearly double that
iinici tor ordinary, common labor. It
brings to the works brown men with
muscles like steel, who trot along with
500 pounds of ore in n barrow. These
Mexicans shed all clothing but sandals,
straw hat nnd cotton drawers as they
push ami pull the ore down tho incline
of the long roasting ovens. They have
only one bad habit. They will come to
work before breakfast. Yem can teach
Mexican 1 ibor to smelt ores to perfection
but jou can not teach the Mexican wom
an to get in and preaare breakfast, sim
ple ns it is, before the whistle blows for
the chnnge of shifts from night to day.
And so, an hour or two after the brown
men have begun work, the little brown
women come stringing in with the beans
and the corn cakes ami the bit of meat.
At Ccrralvo, in the stnte of Nncva
Leon, is located tho llenavidc smelters.
From this smelter there has been
shipped since the 1st of .Tnntnrv, bv ox
carts, 1SOO,000 pounds of bullion. Tills
Cerralvo district was a great mining cen
ter .",00 jcars ago. It had a government
mint, nnd turned out quantities of coin
during two centuries under Spanish do
minion. When the revolutionary period
set in mining ceased. Titles lapsed.
With the establishment of stable gov
ernment and the coming of railroads
mining in Mexico took on new activity.
The CerralvO district was one of tho last
to feel the spirit of revival. The rail
roads passed by and left this ancient
town in the interior. Three yenrs ago
American enterprise found this long
neglected district. A smelter was built.
The highly successful operation of tills
plant for thu past three years, ninety
miles from n railroad, affords one of the
best possible illustrations of the cheapen
ing of silver production in Mexico. Tho
manager of the smelter is Mr. H. C. Har
rison, wlio lias Had a good deal ot ex
perience in mining and smelting. He
furnishes the actual e-nst of operation
Irom tils nooks ami makes a comparison
with the cost of a like smelter in the
States. These are his figures:
Smelter operation in Mexico.
Per day In
Siiperlntcndont 515 00
Two foremen, nt ft 800
Two ore weighers, at $1 -'00
Assayrr 4 00
Two engineers, nt $1 200
Two fiirnicemcn. nt ?1 i!O0
Two feeders, nt "."c 150
Tour slag men, nt (V.'H-c 2 50
Two ore men. nt C2Mc 1.23
Two chnrconl men. at 0214c 1 2T
Two patio men, nt CRJViC 1.2."
Ten outside men, nt Wlc Sffl
Two bullion men. nt 02'4c 1.2".
Two cords of wood, nt J2.23 4 W)
Oil for cnglno and lights 1.50
Total In Mexican monev $."3 00
Smelter operation In United States.
Per diy In
United Stntcs money.
Two foremen, nt ?l 800
Two ore weighers, at $250 500
Two engineers, nt $a 000
Two furnncemen. nt $3 OOf)
Two feeders, nt T 000
Two sing men. nt $2.r0 nOO
Two charge wheelers, nt J2.50 TiOO
Two chnrconl men, nt ?2 400
Klvcynril men, nt J2. 1000
Two bullion men. nt2..... 400
Two cords of woml. nt S3 nun
Oil for engines and light 1.50
Totnl In United States money.
. 73 35
Tnfni in Metlcnn money 154 S5
The cost of running the same smelter
would be in Mexicnn money ?151.8o for
labor on the American side of the Rio
Grande. It is .?u.s in aiuxicci uiuuiy
miles from a railroad.
Ti,n nresent cost of smelting in Mexi
co" said Mr. Harrison, "is only nbout
one-third of what It is in the United
States. This shows that a very low
grade of silver ore which would be smelt
ed nt a loss in the United States can be
treated here at a profit. Our furnace
smelts twenty tons of ore n dny at a
cost of S2.IH a ton for labor. The
price and' reliability of labor is an im.
nortnnt factor in smelting. Hero in
Mexico we have cheap and steady work
ers' The nverage Income of an adult
In the 'stnte of Nucvo Leon is 10 cents
a day. There is scarcely a day I do
not have to turn applicants away. The
entire population is offering service in a
fearfully overstocked labor market. The
cost of mining in the Cerralvo district,
as compnred with the western part of the
United States, is about one-sixth what It
Is In Colorado and one-eighth what it
is in Arizona."
Oro Minn nnd Its Output.
If you ask who Is the richest man In
Durango, the reply will be:
The case of Moximiliono Damm Is one
of the- answers to the question how cheap,
ly can silver be produced at a profit In
Mexico. Mr. Damm is a merchant. A
few' yenrs ago he owed $400,000 to Euro
pean creditors. The story of Maxlmillano
Damm's rapid rise to the distinction of
the Croesus of Durango is the story ot
the l'romoutorio mine. Thnt is a proper
ty of which the mining market never
heard. It Is known to Durango people
because they see the ox enrts nnd mule
wagons come creaking in with 000 tons
of ore monthly. The mine is 100 miles
iibith of the city, and the ore must be
hauled that distance in carts nnd wagons.
The ore is "ysrtTi R';' nil that U thus
transposed" Is of a gr.'.Se which J'elds
150 ounces to the ton. The nionthljhili
incut from the l'rojnohiSTto L" 00-00'
ojiatt'S of silver, In a year this amounts
1.000.000 ounces. It s worth in
Mexican moivv 81.290,000, nnd in Amer
ican money $050,000. Hut this shipment
of ore nt the rate of COO tons Is not nil
of Mr. Dnium'g product. Fiom his own
woiks at the mine he makes every day
n bar of silv er weighing 1000 ounces. A
bar of silver worth $1200 in Mexican
money and half of that in American mon
ey is not very formidable In appearance.
It is only 10 Inches long by 4 inches In
breadth and thickness. Every day one
of these 12013 is turned out tf U'2 nlH
bi ought down to DiTiTuigo and added to
the stack of treasure in Maxlmillano
Damm's warehouse. TJic mljit officials of
the United States will have an opportuni
ty to handle n collection of these bars if
free coinage becomes the law.
The present product of the I'romontorio
is 1,300.000 ouncesa year, worth $1,740.
100 In Mexican money, nnd to bo worth
that in American money if 10 to 1 pre
vails. This is ono man's mine. That is,
perhaps, the reason bo little has been
heard of it.
About ten years ago, when sliver be
gan to go down, the I'romontorio began
to uncover its lichness. With his rep
utation established as the richest man
in Durango, Mr. Da mm does not admit
thnt he has done any mining. He has
simply been developing what there is in
the I'roninntorio, blocking out the masses
of ore to be removed when he gets down
to tiie real business of mining. Hut
while doing development workMr.Dainm
is taking out incidentally ore which
jields him 1,300,000 ounces of silver
early. A fissure vein which gives him
tills ore earrving 150 ounces of silver
to the ton is from 18 indies to B feet
wide. While developing his property,
Jin Damm lias taken out a third-class
of ore which has not been shipped to the
smelter or treated nt the mine, lie now
lias n dump containing 50.000 tons of
such ore which, he bavs. will average 00
ounces to the Ion. That means 3,000,
000 ounces more, to be worth $3,820,
000 when the United States declares
for unlimited silver.
Mnximiliiino Damm can furnish all
of the silver the mints of the United
States will be able to coin into
dollars during five weeks ot opera
tion at their piescnt full capacity.
Open Mints Clieapcn Hlvrr.
"Why is it that In n silver country.
with unlimited coinage, bullion does not
go to the Mexican mints to be coined
into dollars, but is shipped out to be
sold in another country where it has a
fluctuating value and where so much of
it as would make a dollar in jour mints
is worth now only half n dollar?"
This wns submitted, during the rest in
the saddle of Las Mitr.is, to the owner
of the mines below, from which the Mex
icans were trotting forth in never-ending
file witli their sacks of ore. The mine
owner chucked a pebble over the preci
pice, and shook his head, as if the ques
tion was too much for him.
"Well, why do jou send your own
bullion to the United State's to be sold
at bullion value under the gold standard
instead of having it minted into dollars
which nre worth 100 cents on the bilvcr
The mine owner got out his pencil nnd
figured. He took the exchange, the cost
of transportation, the 377 grains of lit.e
silver in the Mexican dollar, the 371
grains in the Ainericnii dollar, the ounce
value, and made elaborate calculations.
At length his face brightened.
"Silver," he said, "yields todav t cents
an ounce more when sold in tho states
as bullion, nfter p.ijing freight charges
and brokerage commissions, than it
would if taken to the Mexican mints and
coined Into dollars."
Tin: akmi:k ami tiii: mlvekiti:.
Ho was setlln' on a shoe box nt th" corner
uv tli' street,
Cbavvln' plug teihackcr nn' vvaltin' fer n
While he squirted his tcrbacLer Juice at nn
Ho saw nn lioueut farmer come a-walkin'
slow lj- by.
So he IiIMimI up Ids britches, nn' ho took an
An' boldly wnded luter him, an' this Is what
ho blew :
"Can yon tell me. my friend, why the chinch
bug Is eitln up jour grain?
Have yer ciphered mi the problem why wo
git so little rain?
Can jer tell me. plodding farmer, why the
nrniy worm's around?
Why th' tnrnnl cllcr sunlight Is burnln' up
Can yer till me why th' vvcavll, th' rust an'
Aro eatln' up yer substance? Do yer know
th" reason why?
Why th" price uv eggs an' butter, oats an'
corn, an" wheat nn' rye,
Aro a-fnllln' In the market as th' years aro
"The reason why these dismal clouds cast
their shndilcrs 'crost th' sun?
Why yer debts nre gettln' bigger, as th'
senrons go nnd kum?
Th' reason fer this trouble Is plain enough
'Tls thnt orful, fearful, nasty thing; th'
'crime uv '73.'
Tew be sure, yer didn't know It fer thirty
vesrs er so,
Hut It worked tnls orful baruc. It dealt
this deadly blow.
Th' Gold Hugs down In Wall street under
cover uv th' law,
Ilav' gobbled up yer earnings In their
thirsty, hungry maw.
'Slxtecji to one' will cure you 'tis tV allo
Tho farmer stopped nnd listened, tho' It
n I most made him lnf.
At the stupid, senseless logic uv this whit-
tiln" tnlkln' calf.
An' his dnnder 'gnu nrisin' at this ever-
An' ho krneked h's heels together an ho
sbuk his lists an' swore:
"You must think us farmers hav' nuthln'
else to do
nut stnn' nroun' an' arglfy with such tarnal
roois ns you.
You'll legislate tho wcavll, chinch bug an"
You'll resolute tho raindrop er know th'
You'll upset th' laws uv nntur, you'll change
th' seasons 'round.
You'll stop th' golden sunlight from shluln'
ono th ground,
Th' law thnt Ilxes prices, you'll change It
jest fer fun.
With colnln' uv th' silver 'sixteen tew one.
Half n dollar's worth uv metal will bo
worth lest tvvlet as much.
When mcttrcl by th government an glv'n
Its iniglc touch.
You'll bust up all th' railroads, shops, nn'
With th' drlvlln silly nonsense uv you crazy
"It seems fer me tint I remember when
things were all askew,
Some time about November In th' year uv
That the same gang uv fellers promised
That jer told th' grnbhln farmer that
you'd gin him 'dollar' wheat.
That he'd surely then be happy, an his
fortun would be mnde,
lit he'd Jest unset th' tariff, voto fer Cleve
land nn free trade.
Now, wo don't portend tu know much, fer
wo never find much show.
But thero Is quite n grist o' things that
4 even farmers know.
They know when they've been lied to, nn'
taken fer n dunce. ...
An' they're golu' tew b d d keerful that
they don't git fooled but once."
St. Taul Pioneer Press.
Many Thousands of Young Men
Eavo Reached the Threshold
of Their Oareer. l
TWO POLITICAL PATHS OPEN,
Sound Money Stands for National
Honor Debased Coinage Stands
There arc a good many thousands of
young men who will this j-ear cast their
first vote for President. They stand on
the threshold of their career and aro
looking forward to achieve success in
life in some chosen vocation. With but
few exceptions they all expect to be
business men and by their own efforts
w in a competence if uot a fortune. This
ambition to obtain wealth is laudable
and should be cherished by every honest
and industrious youth.
To these joung men the money ques
tion, which is now the .political question
of the moment, is of surpassing Impor
tance, not only for tho right casting ot
their votes but for the right understanding-
of business principles, for if they do
not understand the meaning of money,
what It should be, what it is for, and
what it can do, there is but little hope
that they will be able to accumulate
much of it. or, accumulating it, know
well how to use It.
The common phr"so in business is
"making money." but money is only a
means for obtnining other things. When
a joung man has saved his first hundred
dollars he doesn't put it away or hide it,
but invests it in other property or loans
it at interc-t until he can find an oppor
tunity for other investments. As he in
creases his money he sets it at work for
him, and in this way grows rich. Money
is uot the ultimate object of business,
but it is the means whereby men obtain
what they want.
It is of the first importance, therefore,
nnd each man's common sense smlirms
it. that the money we earn, that the
money wo borrow and lend nnd that wo
use for the purpose of exchange sLouId
be unitorm and stable in value, ill it it
should mean the same thing next jear
that it does today, and the world of busi
ness has agreed that gold and silver
makes the nearest approach to that
kind of money gold for large transac
tions, silver for small. That these
metals can bo equally used history
shows to be impossible, so the wisest
nations have provided that gold should
have the principal place and silver be
tre.'ited ns subsidiary.
Tho iiolitical nuestion. then, for the
young man who now votes for the first
time to decide is. whether it is wiser to
follow the teachings of history and the
cxnmple of the most successful business
nations of the world or to start out on n
plan that has already been tried and
found disastious. Shall we ns a people
take pattern after I.ngland or after
Mexico? Shall we learn from China or
How does a j-oung man act for himself
when looking around among his ciders
nnd superiors in business life? Docs he
choose the example and advice of suc
cessful men of the Armours and rields
and !ages of commercial and financial
life or docs he start out regardless of
their methods and attempt sonic short
cut to success? How many joung men
have stood nt the parting of the ways
looking wistfully into the future? How
few have taken the narrow and forbid
ding path of hard work, thrift and self
sacrihee, but that leads to the mountain
tops, nnd how many tho How cry road
that is so enticing in its case and pleas
ure, but which ends only lu morasses
As it is with individuals so it Is with
nations, ami no people can defy the
principles of honesty and integrity in
their national life any more than in
Sound nnd honest money, which means
money ns good as gold In this campaign,
stands for national honor. A debased
coinage stands for national dishonor.
Which banner will our joung men fol
low? Chicago Times-Herald.
THE MODERN ALADDIN.
How Bryan Ignores the Experience
of This and Other Nations with
Mr. Bryan states that he believes the
free coinage of silver, by our govern
ment alone, nt the ratio of 10 to 1,
would raise tho price of silver to $1.29
per ounce: and he never tires of alleg
ing thnt our government Is strong, nnd
rich, and powerful enough to accomplish
this result without waiting or asking for
the co-operation of any other country.
In making this prediction Mr. Bryan
Ignores the experience of this and other
nations of the world in regard to the
coinage of silver during the past 100
years; but waiving that, let us see what
his proposition involves.
I presume it will bo conceded by Mr.
Bryan and his adherents that the price
of silver bullion in this country cannot
be affected without at the same time
affecting It everywhere, and that the
rise In the price will apply to all silver,
whether in bars or wares as well as in
coin, throughout the world.
Tho figures I shall give, except those
showing the production of silver Bince
1S92, axi) all taken from a report sub
mitted by Mr. Voorliees, a free silver
advocate, on behalf of the finance com
mittee of the Senate, March 5, 1S01,
which report is entitled "Coinage Laws
of the United States from 1702 to 1S91.
with nn Appendix Itehtlng to Coins and
Currency: Fourth IMition. Iteviscd and
Correcte'd to August 1. 1891. Prepared
Under the Direction of the Committee."
. i! in eliif rpnrtrf tvirA 7."
the production of silver in
from HO.' to 1S92 amounted
jv.ccoi.i...h, - ,;"..: i ;--. ;
507.710 ounces, nnd there has been pro
duced since 1S92 about 000,000,000
ounces In round numbers. Add this to
the "other sura and we havo a total of
8.122.507,710 ounces. I have no data
showing the production of silver prior to
140"!, nnd hence I cannot give the fis
tires; but I think It may be safely as
sumed that it amounted to ns much ns
the whole amount of silver that has been
lost or destroyed. In order to be sur
that wo nre on the rlcht side, however,
let us deduct 122,507.710 ounces, and
state the present supply of silver in lis
various forms in tho world at S.000.
000.000 ounces. This Is worth CO cents
per ounce, or $5.2SO,000,000 In tho ag
gregate. To this, according to Mr.
Urvnti's, opinion, the legislative fint of
I our government alone would add 03
cents per ounce, or ?5,(HO,000,0O'). And
strange to say, the larger part of tUis
added wealth would bo outblde of f.ur
own. country. In gold standard eo.in
tries the commercial value of
the silver coins in circulation would be
Brought nearly to the gold standard.
This fiat of ours would ;"!tiJ ttl
double the value of 2A-O00.0uO In sil
ver coirs Ja CirraTTlTitnlfi' ?MO,000,COv
In KraTice; 5213,000,000 in Germany;
?5iWa000 in Belgium: 000,000 1L
liniv; !fl.",000.000 in Switzerland: $3,
OOO.'OOO In Greece: ?105,W0.Q00 Jn
Soaln; $10,000,000 in Portugal; $85,000,
000 in Austro-Hungary; ?.r)(J.OO'J,000 in
the, Netherlands; ?4,000,000 in .Sweden;
-.MUU.OOO m injiqigi sH,l"W,iwiii
Turkey; $7,000,000 Til Australia: $15,
000,000 In Ugypt and SllO.OpaOOJMu lie
Straits, besides Jrt'foOOO.OoU in --14?.
country, and raise all this money near
ly to par with gold; and yet we are tOid
that all these countries not only rclu'e
to join Mr. Ilrj-an and his supporters?
but even do not sympathize with them
in this stupendous enterprise which would
add t2 much to their wealth, and in
a largo degree relieve them from
the burden now resting upon them
of keeping lliefr gold and silver coins at
par with each other in their circulation.
Hut bow Nvould it work in the silver
standard countries? This government
fiat of ours would at one fell swoon sub
stantially double the value of $11,000,000
In silver coins in Itussia; $50,000,000 in
Mexico $8,000,000 In the Central Ameri
can states; $:10,000.000 In the South
American states: $950,000,000 in India,
and $725,000,000 in China, and would at
the same time double all the private and
public debts of those countries, which
have been contracted on the silver basis.
Hut Mr. P.ryan's proposition is more far
reaching than that. He asserts that he
believes that tills legislative fiat on our
part would not only bring the silver now
in existence to par with gold at the
ratio of 10 to 1. but would keep it and
the future production there, although
doubling tho price would hereafter
probably double the production.
In view of these facts is there nny im
propriety in inquiring how it is that we,
70,000.000 strong, can affect the money
of 1, '50.000,000 people by a simple stat
ute, while the 1, '',50,000.000 cannot by
iegislntion affect us? And are the jieople
of Great Britain and continental Ijiuope
and many millions of Americans to be
dubbed "money-grabbers" and "pluto
crats" if they hesitate to believe that Mr.
Itryan has found and carries Aladdin's
Wonderful Lamp, ami can produce these
stupendous results? And are the millions
of people in this country who have made
contracts and investments upon the pres
ent monetary standard, which is gold,
and which has been the standard nt least
since 1S79, and I think since 1S.14, to be
charged with being unreasonable when
they nsk Mr. Ilrjan to state exollcitly
what he believes would occur not only
to their interests, but to the business of
the whole country, if his prediction as
to the rise in the price of silver should
uot be fulfilled and the standard of ex
change should suddenly be changed from
a gold to n silver basis with no, or at
best a slight advance In the commercial
value of sliver bullion? J. L. T.
Has the American Tanner rorsotten
That under President Harrison's ad
ministration the prohibition against our
meat products by Great Britain, Ger
many. Denmark, Austria. Prance, Italy
and Spain were removed?
Has he forgotten the high prices ho
received during the times reciprocity
and protection were in force?
Has he forgotten that our trade ii all
agricultural products was extended dur
ing this time?
Has he forgotten that our exports of
bacon, hams and lard was increased
$111,010,000 in one year by this bamo
Has he forgotten that wo exported
$12,000,000 more of American beef
products in a single jear?
Has he forgotten that we exported
$10,000,000 more of livo cattle annu
ally? Has he forgotten that we exparted
$150,000,000 of cereals, namely, wheat,
$115,000,000, Hour $2S,000,000 and corn
Has he forgotten that we increased
the foreign sales of all our agricul
tural products $275,000,000 annually
over what it had been previously?
Has he forgotten that four je.irs ago
Mr. Brvan and his free trade friends
promised him that if the McKinley bill
was repealed better prices would be ob
tained for all of his products?
Has he forgotten that all these prom
ises failed pf fruition, and that instead
of receiving better prices all agricultural
products have depreciated In alue?
lias he forgotten the good times that
all classes, the farmer, the wage worker
and tho business man enjoyed under
protection and reciprocity?
Does lie propose to accept the promises
of this same Bryan crowd, who make no
references to their pledge of four years
ago that the repeal of the McKinley
bill would bring relief to all classes In
tnls country, and who shamelessly Ig
nore all reference to those promises, and
now seek his votes under pledge that a
debased aud depreciated money will
remedy the hard t'soies?
The American farmer should not for
get that protection and reciprocity
brought him prosperity.
Tho Worklnjj Man's Voto Is His Own.
Bryan and his Shouters make much of
the charge that efforts are being made
to control the labor vote. The labor
vote cannot be controlled. It Is free.
A secret vote must of necessity be free.
It was to make it free that legislators
made It secret. There would be ample
ground for criticizing the writing of let
ters to working people by their employ
ers on the subject of election, if such
action by the employers involved com
pulsion: for this is a free country, and
the right of every citizen to freely ex
press his own views by his own vote
should and must be sacredly maintained.
Under existing circumstances letters of
advice written by employers to their em
ployes nre no more to be regarded ns
attepipts at compulsion than is the cir
culation of nny other class of campaign
literature to be considered as an attempt
at compulsion. They are a legitimate
part of the "campaign of education,
to be judged by the arguments they con
tain, and acted upon ns the recipients
may decide to bo best for their-own In
terests. Milwaukee Evening Wisconsin.
rAIOIl'Il BBOWX'S DILEMMA.
Wo bad n public mcctln In the schoolhouss
here last week
And n feller from tho city was Invited down
no'd studied up tho subject of finnnco In
And claimed that he wns competent to
show us what wns right,
no says this whole blamed country Is n-goln
straight to smash
Unless we get free coinage and Increase our
stock of cash. ...
He's u-gered out a daisy scheme and claims
twbl work Immense
no wants to mnko our dollars cost us only
fifty cents. , , .
ne'd take "four bits of silver and would
run It through tho mint
And stamp It p'nln "one dollar" with tho
Tho mines won'd dump their silver nnd tho
nation, slick ns grense.
Would grind out brand-new dollars at Just
fifty cents apiece. .....,,..
That sounds all right: but slnco that night
somehow I've wondered
When I buy dollars for fifty cents who II
tnke 'cm for a hundred?
F. S. P., in Chicago Times-Herald.