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'FRIDAY, AUGUST 15, 1919..
THE COCONINO' SUN
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News of Soldiers and Sailors
FORMER GUARD AT PRISON
FARM TELLS OF CRUELTIES
Charging that Lieut. Wright and
Col. Grinstcad were not aware of the
brutal maltreatment of prisoners at
Farm No. 2, near Chelles, France,
because they never took the trouble
to interview the prisoners, Sergeant
Orion M. Zink, of Ray, formerly of
g Company A, 158th Infantry, ana a
guard at the farm, has contributed
f further material to the prison camp
"Men were beaten so often and for
' such trivial offenses that it would bj
impossible to remember all the o'eca-
t sions, says Sergeant Zink, who states
that he was at the trial in Tours of
Sl officers and sergeants, who are
& now serving sentences, and that their
convictions were due more to tne tes-
timony of men in their own detach
ments than to statements of pris
oners. Sergeant Zink also denies the truth
of Col. Grinstead's statement that
most of the men who came through
the prison farms were A. W. 0. L.
" "When thoy say that most of those
men were A. W. 0. L. and deserters
they don't know what they are talking
about," the sergeant states. "Men do
not go A. W. O. L. with a full pack,
and fully half the men that came in
each night were carrying full equip
ment men who had missed their
trains or whose trains had pulled out
Sergeant Zink makes many other
sensational statements in a written
statement made and signed in Ray
ED Whipple, Director
116 E. Aspen Avenue.
G. N, BATY
Residence 411 Birch Auaifl
H. B. FAY
SURVEYING AND ENGINEERING
P. 0. Box 681
Advertise your goods for
sale in The Sun, and clean
your shelves for-new stock.
and forwarded to The Phoenix Repub
lican last week.
The complete statement follows:
Ray Ariz., Aug. 4, 1919.
To the Editor:
Have been very much interested in
the articles relating to Prison Farm
No. 2, especially in Gen. Tuthill's and
Col. Grinstead's statements and Lieut.
Wright's opinion of conditions at the
farm, and have been wondering if you
would be interested in hearing from
one who not merely stationed "near
the farm," but who was a member of
the detachment assigned to duty at
M. Mcniers, generally known as Farm
No. 2 in France.
Why these officers will insist in up
holding "Hard-Boiled" Smith in his
conduct is beyond me, unless their
motive is the defense of the organ
ization, "The 158th Infantry," to
which they all belonged at one time or
Lieut. Wright may have visited the
farm, and may never have seen any
evidence of brutality on any of his
visits, and it is not surprising, for like
Col. Grinstcad and every other officer
who paid a visit, they drove up in a
machine or side car to the office, then
warmed themselves at the fire, asked
Smith, "how things were going," and
were off again; and never once did an
inspecting officer or any other inter
view any of the prisoners, so how
could they know the real conditions
They did not know that Smith and
Mason and the- five prison sergeants,
Bush, Ball, Wolfmier, Ragnovitch and
Smith, stripped the men of all their
possessions souvenirs, trophies from
the front, things they had bought in
Paris to send1 home; jewelry, money
and even photos of sweethearts, wives
and mothers were taken away, and
if a man asked for a receipt or return
of property on evacuation he was very
promptly knocked down.
I saw "Hard-Boiled" Smith, while
conducting a search of a new batch
of prisoners that had just arrived,
hit and kick a man because he ven
tured to say that the amount of
money taken away from him was
more than the searching sergeant had
I saw Bush beat two men until they
were bleeding from nose and mouth,
because they had dared to try and
obtain a second helping at meal time,
and the two men in particular were
half starved. Men begged me for just
a slice of bread, and I have had men
who had been fortunate enough to
conceal their money at their search
offer 10 francs for a crust of bread.
Any meal would find men at the gar
bage can. fisrhtine like starved ani
mals for the scraps that might be
Men were beaten so often and for
wich-trivial offenses that it-would be
Impossible to remember all the occa
sions. The most brutal act Smith and his
aides were cuiltv of. though, was the
I beating up of four men who had es
caped and had been taken into cus
toqay by the M. P.s and returned to
They had been thrown into solitary
confinement cells and Smith and Ma
son and the sergeants in turn beat
those poor devils with their fists and
blackjacks until they were nearly un
conscious, and their groanings could
be heard all over the prison build
ing and they were left there on bread
and water, or "white wine and angel
food," as Smith called it,or ten days.
When they say that most of those
men were A. W. 0. L. and desert
ers, they don't know what they are
talking about. Men do not go A. W.
0. L. with a full pack, and fully half
the men that came in each night were
carrying full equipment men who
had missed their trains or whose
trains had pulled out without warning
that they were moving; and any one
who has ridden in those "40 hommes
or 8 chevaux" cars will bear me out
that men were being left behind con
tinually, and no one's fault but the
Nearly half aplatoon of engineers
were brought in one night, all with
full packs, who had missed their train
but had been picked up by the M. P.s
and charged with being A. W. 0. L.
I often wondered who was in charge
of Vaers-Torsi, and who classified and
sent the men to the farm. I used to
wonder also why men with unhealed
wounds and no signs of a bandage
were sent to Farm No. 2 instead of
to a hospital, and were forced to
march that long distance, often with
out a rest.
I was at the trial of those officer
and sergeants at Tours, and it may
sound strange, but the fact remains,
that those men were convicted not so
much on the evidence of the pVison
ers, as by the testimony of the men
of Smith's own command, who hated
him for the brutal acts he had been
guilty of, and the treatment they
themselves had received at his hands.
You may print this if you like, and
anything I have said will be vouched
for by any of the men of the detach
ment Very respectfully,
ORION M. ZINK,
Sergeant, Co. A, 158th Infantry.
PUSHED DOUGHBOYS TOO FAR
1 FRED J. LUSK
Real Estate, RentalsJLoans,
Collections and Insurance
Office, Pollock Bldg.
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I FRANK BENNETT I
I FEED and FUEL I
it's cool in
Get away go now
forget work and worries
go to the beaches frolic in
the surf loaf, on the cool
white sands fish live.
" In effect daily liberal return limit
Tickets, reservations, descriptive literature and
detail information on application to agent
United States Railroad Administration
J. A STAHL, Agent
FENCE FOR MEXICAN BORDER?
A military road paralleling the
Mexican border and a wire fence as
an additional protection against raids
from Mexico has been recommended
by military officials of the Southern
Department and the proposition ap
pears in a fair way of receiving the
support of Congress at the beginning
of the regular session next Decem
ber, a long conference was held the
other day by Representative John
Garner with members of the general
staff, and while there was no direct
statement that the staff would make
the recommendations, the matter is
under serious consideration.
"While I have doubted the feasibili
ty of the project heretofore," said Mr.
Garner, "I now feel encouraged that
something can be accomplished."
At former sessions Senator Shep
pard introduced bills for construction
of the highway and recently Repre
sentative Huckneth lntrnHnoprl n hill
dealing with the subject. The, cost of
. iugiiwuy aiong me ooraer oi
Texas will reach about 12 million dol
lars. It has been estimated that the bor
der could not be thoroughly protected
even with the use of 40,000 troops,
whereas the highway and wire fence,
it is thought, will enable the patrol
to be reduced to a minimum. Where
wire fencing was used in Arizona it is
said to have given good results.
PIGEONS WARNED ZEPPELINS
It may have been plain ignorance
that led the Japanese enlisted men in
Vladivostok to gaze inscrutably at
American officers whom they passed
without altering their bent-kneed,
drag-footed shuffle in the least. It
may have been their desire to show
their knowledge that a Japanese gen
eral was the ranking general of the
allies, and that there were seven times
as many Japanese soldiers in Siberia
as there were Americans. It may
have been a desire to impress on their
allies that they were as good as any
one if not a trifle better. Whatever it
was, the delibcratencss of Japanese
non-saluting was very noticeable.
It may as well be admitted frankly
that the Americans did not get along
well with the Japanese in Siberia.
Nor did the British get along well
with them. There was constant fric
tion between the Japanese and Ameri
cans not official friction; for officially
the Japanese are as polite and as
ceremonious and as obliging as it
would be possible for anybody to be.
The friction was almost entirely of
an unotitcial nature but it was con
It may be that when the Japanese
inoculate their soldiers against ty
phoid they seize the opportunity to
inject into them something which
changes their disposition toward the
people of other nations. Individually
of course, the soldiers still remain
affable, obliging and polite.
The American soldfcr is essentially
peaceable. He gives other people
most of the sidewalk without a second
thought ;and when the occasion seems
to require it he lets other people have
it all. Our doughboys were carefully
instructed in the consideration due to
our allies; so when three or four
Japanese soldiers came up the street
abreast and pushed a doughboy into
the gutter he didn't resent it.
At first he didn't. Eventually a
change occurred. A doughboy can be
crowded just so far, but no farther.
There came a day when three Japa
nese soldiers essayed to push a little
doughboy into the gutter. Then there
.was a slight disturbance, a confused
noise and a cloud of dust. When the
dust cleared away three little' brown
men were sitting in the middle of the
road, wondering whether they had
been hit by a motor car or a street
car, and the doughboy was proceed
ing calmly along the sidewalk, occu
pying his customary modest portion
of it. After that the crowding be
came less noticeable.
MAP ON EXHIBITION
There is now on exhibition in the
United States National Museum at
Washington what is probably the
most interesting and valuable single
record of Americans part in the great
war General Pershing's own secret
battle map. It shows actual military
results obtained by the armies. ror
instance, at the hour the armistice.
was signed, the United States forces
were holding 145 kilometers of front,
of' which 134 kilometew were active.
The map also shows the location of
all divisions, both the enemy and al
lied, on the western front:' the correct
battle line; commanding generals, lo
cation of headquarters and boundaries
down to incluae armies, and various
other information concerning divisions
as, for example, whether they were
fresh or tired.
THE TRIPPING TONGUE
Hostess: "Please don't ston nlayin?
Lady at Piano: "But shan't I bore
you? It's possible to have too much
of a good thing, you know."
Hostess: "Yes, but that doesn't ap
ply to your playing."
Rent your room by a Stih Want-Ad.
About two thousand racing pigeon
fanciers, mostly workingmen, sacri
ficed their birds to maintain a mag-;
nificent home defense pigeon service
during the war.
Some of the most striking feats of
the birds were carried out with the
trawler pilot boats in the North Sea.
For many months pigeons were the
only means these boats had of com
municating with the shore.
One piegon called Sweepers? Hope
flew 160 sea miles over the North
Sea with a message containing an
account of a Zeppelin attack. The
Zeppelin dropped bombs and tried to
sink the mine sweeping fleet, but wa
ter planes drove it off. The only
message received of the safety of the
mine sweeping crew was the one car
ried by the piegon.
Another bird released from a sub
marine which got into difficulties after
attacking and capturing a German
trawler brought a convoy to the help
vi me suuinunne.
The "V. C." piegon that saved the
life of Skipper Crisp's crew was also
one of these defense birds. This bird,
badly maimed, flew ten miles with a
message to another trawler. Many
pigeons have carried the last news of
the crew of a trawler manning their
guns against German submarines un
til the end.
TO REOPEN HUGO'S HOUSE
When Victor Hug6 moved, in 1833,
into No. 6 Place des Vosges, Paris,
the handsome facades of the twenty
eight houses in the souare were still
exactly as -Henri IV's builders had
left them, time and the Paris climate
having dealt kindly with their stone
and brick work. They wereno longer
occupied, however, by court officials
or caruinais, and the royal palace of
the Toumelles had long since disap
peared. The district was no. longer
aristocratic, but it was dignified and
Hugo's house is in an angle of the
square, facing north. From his win
dows he looked across the garden to
the Pavilion de la Reine, the central
house on the north side, facing the
Pavilion du Roi on the south. The
light, graceful balconies, the elegant
outline and decoration of the windows
are all untouched, though the noble
buildings are being brought by de
grees into commercial occupation.
The poet's house now belongs to the
City of Paris and is kept as a mu
seum of souvenirs. It was closed
early in the war, and is now waiting
fpr whitewash and clean hangings, but
an order to view can be easily ob
tained from the Hotel de Ville, De-
Eartment des iieaux Arts. Hugo's
edroom is exactly as it was when the
poet lived in the house, and rooms and
staircase are full of obiccts connect
ed with his book. Many of his later
oooks were written Here between 1833
and 1848, in the pleasant, simply fur
nished study that you will see.
ONE LESSON OF THE WAR
Nothing but war could have taught
us that the kaiser didn't raise his boy
to be a soldier.
J. C. SIMMONS
Wall Paper and Paint
W. H. MORSE
PAINTING, PAPERHANGING, TINTING
By one who knows how
P. 0. Box 1345
Building of all kinds
,'Job and repair work
P. 0. Box 262
E. B. RAUDEBAUGH
Agent for Bills Bros.' Monuments
Gum and Solberg
General Contractors and Builders
Plans and Specifications
Phone No. 30
My! What Wonderful Cake!
You've often heard that said, in your own and other homes,, .
about our cakes.
Our cakes, pastry, and bread are always good. .
How convenient for you to be able to run in here at any.'
time, day or evening, and get just? what you like best,
fresh and always good.'
Considering fuel, ingredients, trouble, and the times your
baking turns out wrong, it's cheaper to. let us do all your
Then it, will always be just right.
ICE CREAM AND SODA DRINKS 1
DELICIOUS HOME-MADE CANDY
THE CONFECTION DEN
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