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THE WASHTN"GrTO:N" TIMES, TTEDNESDAT, APRIL 4, 1894.
The Washington Times
(Every Day In the Year)
OWNED AND ISSUED BT
The Washington Times
General Manager: II. J. BROWNE;
Editor: MARSHALL CUBBING
City Editor: EMORV FOSTER.
Office: UUTCUINS BUILDING,
Corner Tenth axd D Streets Northwests
Telephhone Editorial Rooms, 837-3.
Business Office, 8S7-B.
?rlce, Dally Edition One Cent
Sunday Edition Five Cents.
By carriers, by the week .Ten Cents.
WASHINGTON, D. 0., APRIL 4, 1891.
I TALK RBOUT
friends, the people,
Etand back of it
to make it go;
10,000 ol them do It.
But talk about
It Will Go
All the Better.
Five dollars reword will bo paid for the ar
rest and conviction of any one caught taking
Tux Times from the door of any subscriber.
The Weather To-day.
District of Columbia, Maryland, and Vir
ginia; fair in the morning; increasing cloudi
ness, and probably showers during the
evening or night; brisk and high south
DO YOU GET YOUR "TIMES?"
Our delivery system is gradually approach
ing perfection, but occasional errors are made
by the carriers. All complaints on this score
will receive prompt attention, especially if
sent to The Times office direct.
IT WILL BE LOOKED INTO.
It is charged openly that tho appointment
of Charles H. J. Taylor, to be recorder of
deeds of the District, has been due to a cor
rupt agreement to provide for this fellow in
some quarter. It is ground enough to pro
test against this thing that the home rule
plank (so-called) in the Democratic platform
has been taken out and stamped on. It is
additional cause for publio anger that the
people of the District are made the dumping
ground, tho common sewer, for tho refuse
material, turned over and kicked about by a
committee of the Senato and by the Senate
itself. The nomination of Taylor will bo
looked into. It will be rejected because it
must be rejected.
TO HON". PATRICK WALSH.
Tnn Times regrets that it Is a day late in
otTering its congratulations to Hon. Patrick
Walsh, of Augusta, Go., of the entire
United States, and of the Western Hemi
sphere, upon his selection by Governor
Korthen to be Senator from tho Empire State
of the South. The circumstances are these:
It had been expected in political circles, as
the prophet3 say, that this appointment would
surely fall to the lot of lion. Iloko Smith,
tho Secretary of tho Interior. The Times was
prepared yesterday to congratulate Hon.
Hoke Smith upon his appointment. Indeed,
an able editorial article, couched in fulsome
and discriminating terms, was already in
type in this ofilce prepared to thunder in the
index yesterday morning. The news of Hon.
Patrick Walsh's appointment came on us sud
denly. The only thing was to kill the Hoke
Smith editorial, as printers would technically
call tho operation, and wait until this morn
ing before oonveying to Hon. Patrick Walsh
this assurance of our distinguished and
lasting consideration. Mr. Walsh is a gentle
man, a scholar, a true Southern, possessing
in his make-up much of the fittht, the fun,
and tho poetry of the Irish race, and possess
ing, too, all the glorious quality and strain of
a glorious Americanism.
Paternalism is the great
bug-bear of capitalists. No
opportunity to inveigh
against it or to cast ro-
Sorrn Daeota. prooch upon its advocates
is allowed to pas3 by. Every capitalistic news
paper of the East warns its readers against
the spread of heresy, while Congressmen fre
quently refer to it in their speeches as a
threatening danger to tho republic. All seem
to see in it tho death of individual enterprise
and the enthronement of socialism. And yet
it is strange ana true mat tne civilized world
Is drifting toward socialism. (Jermany,
Franco, and England have become honey
combed with the doctrine since tho days of
Owen and Karl Marx. Tho oppressed classes
have waited patiently reign after reign for re
lief, while they saw power and privilege dis
pensed by a central divine right bureau.
There is apparent cause for on uprising of
tho people, and all loyal Americans sympa
thize with them. But our capitalistic friends
fail to see a parallel In the condition of the
working classes of the United States. How
ever, the reformmovementalongpaternalistlo
grounds bos kept pace with tho sentiment of
Europe nnd forms to-day tho underlying
principles of all labor platforms. There must,
therefore, exist some reason for this even un
der a free government, and when traced to
Its proper source tho power and oppression
of money will be found to bo the cause- of
the uprising in America as in Europe. Tho
people ore driven almost to desperate means
for existence, and they willingly grasp at
anything which promises deliverance from
the oppression of capital.
The legislation of the past thirty years has
proved ruinous to small enterprises and has
tentralized capital, power, and influence in
kew York and the New England States.
Great wealth has not only been accumulated
ly a few persons, but wealth has been massed
logether by combination until capital can
make and unmake panics, and can convert in
I day a million laborers into tramps. This is
m striking contrast with the conditions thirty
fears ago, the day of small things, when
wealth vwas well distributed, sad when men
with small capital could enter the field of
competition with hope of success. Bat the
day of small enterprise has passed away,
never to return. Capital will not unlearn the
lesson that better and cheap products can be
turned on the market by large concerns than
small ones, and the legislation of the future
' must be directed toward the destruction of
trusts and the control of our national and In
ternational corporations. Even people of
wealth to-day when pinched in the panic be
gin to cry out against combinations. Our
great trunk lines of railroads, spanning the
continent, become one line when their inter
ests are attacked. Our telegraph system,
which should be under the management of the
Post Office Department, is a pure monopoly
and forces from the pockets of citizens mil
lions annually; while the banking trust,
which manipulates the National currency is
greater to-day than tho government of the
United States. They control whatever politi
cal party comes into power. They force leg
islation, produco panics, manufacture public
sentiment, and make and unmake members of
What relief con the people have from such
oppression? For some reason, whether ex
plainable or not, they have all turned, with
out previous agreement, toward paternalism
and socialism. This does not mean that they
accept these doctrines in toto, but the trend
of thought is that woy. They do not wish to
abolish individualism as far as private enter
prise is concerned, but thoy believe that a
system of semi-paternalism would preserve
individualism and prevent tho oppression of
capital. Thoy conclude wisely that we are
now under a scml-paternalistic government,
and the system works well. Why not extend
it? Our courthouses and public schools, our
state charities, our national post ofilco sys
tem, nre all under paternal control, and they
nro a success. No one to-day thinks of turn
ing the post ofilce over to a private corpora
tion and subjecting tho people to the greed
shown by the present telegraph systems.
In other words, the people want all institu
tions which pertain to tho public welfare un
der tho management and control of the peo
ple. In cities the gas, electric lighting, water
supply, and railway systems should bo under
the control of municipalities. AH matters
which pertain to tho welfare of the people of
o state should bo under state control. And
following the same line all matters which per
tain to the national welfare should be under
the direction of the national government.
This is paternalism; and whether it be wise
or unwise the people are ready for it. It may
violate the pet economic theories of tho old
school. It so, tho theories must suffer. Old
problems were solved by old systems of eco
nomics, as old systems of agriculture were
carried on by wooden plows and the hand
sickle. But problems of to-day must be
solvod bymodern economics. Tho conditions
have changed, and the questions that con
front us are tho greatest in the world's his
tory; and in order to preserve n government
of the people, by the people and for the peo
ple, the national government must remain
paramount, controlling and managing all
matters which affect the masses.
James H. Kile.
IT OUGHT TO BE BEATEN.
Tnx Times has taken pains, before express
ing itself upon tho advisability of granting
$190,000 and more to the Southern fast
mail, so-called, to examine into the history of
legislation of a similar kind, and of the
practice of tho railroads in carrying it out
under the direction of the Post Ofilco De
partment It appears that no other subsidy
of a similar kind is granted anywhere else in
the United States; that the moils supposed to
be provided for by this grant of money nto
not fast but slow, and that in all business
probability the Southern mails, for tho trans
portation of which this money is allowed,
would be quite as effective, it not more so, if
tho railroads which aro able to enjoy these
allowances were left entirely to themselves.
This journal must not be understood as de
siring to hamper or curtail in any way tho
swift, accurate, and frequent transmission of
tho mails; and especially would it disclaim
any participation in any effort to hamper tho
mail service which necessarily affects Wash
ington city and the country tributary to it
on the north and south. It desires in every
way, and it stands ready at nil times, to help
quicken and improve this mail service. But
it doesn't believe that n service which de
mands so much in many other directions,
and which is indeed so sorely in need of lib
eral appropriations in all directions, should
.than another simply becauso It puts certain
bo expected to provide better for one railroad
"inuuence as worit upon mo grounu, ana
especially slnco other railroads which are not '
favored and cannot be favored in this woy
perform their contracts much better.
For the best of general and special reasons,
therefore, this subsidy deserves to be beaten.
Let it be beaten.
HITS Olt .MISSES.
Toby Hamilton, on Ato ward politician of
New York, says that "Grover Cleveland has a
backbone like a circus pole." So it seems.
If Major Estes G. P.athbone comes to Con
gress he can conceive and carry out more
market ball conventions by which Presidents
are really made.
Chairman Carter carries the country for the
Republicans better in a magazine article than
elsewhere; but then nobody could have done
any better in '92.
Ex-President McLeod, of the Reading,
travels in a palaco car. Others who hove
been more successful in tho railroad business
Secretary Morton desires us to say that his
agrostologist is not a grass widower.
It simply cannot bo that a Loulsvlllo coun
cilman has been bribed for $5.
William D. Howells says that every man
should do a littlo manual labor every day;
and this gives additional color to the surmise
that bo writes his novels by main strength.
Tho man who has never bin tempted don't
kno how dishonest he iz. Josh Billings.
Hon. Pat Walsh won't be obliged to sacri
fice himself for tho integrity of a Democratic
We welcome the Boston schoolmarms to our
open arms literally.
Hon. John C. New bos gone to the eastern
sho1 for a few days to "launch" a Harrison
They nre called dispensaries bocause Gov
ernor Tillman and others would like to dis
pense with them.
If it is an "ad." for the Century Magazine
to say that Mr. Richard Watson Gilder's poem
on the Breckinridge case will appear in the
next number, why let it be so.
Bob Ingersoll says there is only air enough
between the North Polo and the Isthmus to
float ono flog.
Hon. Pat Walsh has gone to New York to
order his Senatorial toga.
Major Manderson Is talked of for next commander-in-chief
of the Grand Army ; but that
would be quite too exciting for a Senator.
Edward Everett Hale is 72 to-day, bless his
dear old heart
"In the homely traditions of German
mothers and housewives is a stronger ana
more trustworthy guarantee of our political
future than any walls or cannon of our fort
CLOAK R00H AND GALLERY.
Hon. Patrick Walsh, of Georgia, will un
doubtedly make an Impression in the Senate.
He is said to be forcible and direct, but not
eloquent, in tho general acceptation of that
term. He speaks with a marked Irish brogue
which adds piquancy to his remarks. A Geor
gia member tells of his famous speech in nom
inating the late Alfred H. Colquitt for the
Governorship the second time. The conven
tion had been in session several days, and was
getting tired of it Mr. Walsh arose and said,
with a pause of about thirty seconds between
each word: "We have come hero to
nominate Alfred H. Colquitt for Governor
and by the eternal God we intend
to do it" The fight lasted nearly a week
longer, but they "did" it
Bourke Cochran is back again and in the
House a part of the time. He apparently
does not care to make much of an effort to
conceal his general indifference to what goes
on on the Boor. For a good part of the time
yesterday he e it quietly in a corner of the
lobby, reading papers. And there was just
that in his manner in attending a roll-call
that suggested his disgust at tho way things
were going. Mr. Cochran is too big a man
for the House as it is now constituted, and as
it now conducts itself, and ho would un
doubtedly enjoy himself much more in his
law ofilce in New York. It is public gossip,
too, that tie intends to do it. and will not
again be a candidate for his presont seat
Mr. Dunphy, of New York, is confident that
his amended New York and Now Jersey
bridge bill will become a law in thirty days.
Mr. Bartlett was opposed to certain phrases
in the bill, which seemed to vest in tho com
mission the right to settle the question of tho
piers and span, irrespective of the judgment
of the Secretary of War. This is amended to
make the actions of the commission merely a
recommendation. Therefore tho bill, ns pre
pared by Mr. Dunphy. will satisfy the objec
tions of the President when ho etoed tho last
bill, and also conform to the opinions of cer
tain Congressmen who were opposed to the
bill in its old form.
EdWalcotton tho Republican side and Joe
Blackburn on tho Democratic set tho style for
the other Senators. Mr. Blackburn has just
come out in a Spring suit of gray with a frock
coat in recognition of the opproach of Sum
mer, and always wears a bunch of violet" In
his lapel. Just at tho present moment he is
the most breezy and refreshing sight in cither
chamber. Even Franklin Bartlitt has not yet
come out in his Spring suit, so Mr. Black
burn holds tho field quite alone.
Speaking of boutonltres, Blackburn is ono
of the few who wearthem, and about the only
man who chooses violets. A number of Con
gressmen, Springer, Hatch, Lacey, Cadmus,
and Pigott, usually wear some red flower in
true Democratic fashion and Mr. Springer
would never venture forth without this finish
Representative Geissenheimer, of New
Jersey, In speaking of tho Democratic outlook
in his state, said that Mr. Oliver who con
ducted the national campaign of 1892, de
clared that the Democrats would meet with
a severe defeat throughout every section un
less the tariff bill were passed by June 1.
He declared that the large number of manu
factories In his stato that would bo opposed
to tho income tax was very large, and inas
much ns the dividends were also taxed In the
bonds of a recipient, provided his total in
come equalled 54,000, there was a double tax
ation which would stir up great dispute at
Democratic systems of taxation. He regretted
that tho tax on checks bad not been imposed,
as that created very little opposition, was
easily collected and ntforded n test of the
genuineness of checks as it would not be im
He expressed tho belief that the House
would agree to tho tax on sugar as required
by the Senato bill, and sold he knew a great
many members who were perfoctly willing to
yield on the question.
I see that Brown Sequard is dead; and do
you remember when wo heard that he had
discovered an elixir of life how Dr. Ham
mond insisted that he, too, bad experimented
successfully In the same direction? I called
upon Dr. nammond ono day to ask him
about this discovery, and he seemed willing,
after sufficient urging, to tell mo about it
He really seemed to think that bo bad dis
covered the secret of perpetual youth, and
several of the patients then at his sanitarium
seemed to think so, too. At that time Dr.
Hammond had about forty patients, and they
averaged him about $100 a week apiece. His
expenses were about Sl.OOO a week, and it.
therefore, took the' matnematiclan merely a
moment to figure that his net incomo in a year
was something liko 150,000.
AS THE CROUDS COME OUT.
The first of one's thought's in witnessing
Crcston Clarke's "Hamlet" is that ho looks
the part ideally. Youthful, intellectual, poetic,
handsomely, princely his face is, and bis
every movement Is full of dignity and 'grace.
His face in the forehead and eyes is marvel-
ously like Edwin Booth's, and his form and
gesture recall nis uncle s Hamlet vividly.
to tho nlnce that this vounc? man is to fill
hreci nodoubt-thatrt wouidbo in-
6isniflcant if ho relied on his handsome face
ana iigure ana nis likeness to i;ootn; out
'here ' no reason to believe that he means
ZlUonX' hisclearu?, purpoS
rendering that ho conceives of a part of his
oin, and will perfect It. There are passages
which could not have a fitter rendering than
nis, where ne seems to hove grasped, as his
uncle did, the utmostsubteletyof thothought, I
his does, with fire and poetry. And with this
tho whole conception is well balanced and
smooth, and freo from crudities. Which all
means that Mr. Clarke is a great Hamlet now.
It's not fair to say less of praise of
him now, because he will undoubtedly be
Mr. Olcott has been specially requested to
sing in addition to tbe other songs of bis,
"She and I Together," and will do so nt each
of the remaining performances of "Marvour
It was a good many years ago that John
Jack, tho tragedian and ranter, used to fret
the rafters in this part of tho country. Once
a man with a big bill and a small soul for art
had an attachment served on John Jack when
ho was in Washington, and all his stago para
phernalia taken ruthlessly away. John Jack, as
you will see, lived In a region above petty evils.
He went over to Wiilard's hotel and bad a
conference with the steward and tho cham
bermaids and tho kitchen maids. That night
the Roman warriors used dishpans for shields
and coffee-pots for helmets und blankets for
I see that Miss Coghlan is coming in two
weeks with that strong play "A Woman of No
Importance," and without her brother
Charles. Charles Coghlan, when he was
sober, used to be the strongest man and the
greatest artist in this fine company of hers.
It is too bad, maybe, that be is not still with
them. Sometimes you can't see why private
morals, or immorals, should bnvo anything
to do with our appreciation of art This fact
of Coghlan'B being gone, and the added ones
of his ill-fortune since his episode with
Kuhne Beveriage and Rose Cochlan's dismis
sal of him, and of the renewed interest in his
story just now, recall tho fact that Rose Cogh
lan once before showed her displeasure at
lax morals among stage people. Robert
Mantell was once, two years ago, at Long
Branch, to play in an open air performance
with Roso Coghlan. Charlotte Behrens was
also to take a part. Suddenly Miss Coghlan
refused to play with the other two and advised
Mrs. Mantell to get a divorce, which she did.
Mantell is still eminently successful, and Miss
Behrens is his leading lady.
Anthropological Society Meeting.
There was a largely attended meeting of
the Anthropological Society last night in the
assembly hall of the Cosmos Club. Three most
interesting papers were read and very much
appreciated. Miss Alice C. Fletcher, who has
spent a considerable portion of the past years
among the Indians, took as her Bubject "In
dian Music" She was an accomplished
musician before going among the Indians,
and after being in contact with them acquired
a marked knowledge of their muslo and
songs. A vivid description of their songs
was given, seeking to develop the principles
of this nature of muslo to Dring it In com
parison to that of civilized music The sec
ond paper was presented by Mr. W. H. Bab-
cock upon "The Life and Literature of the
Times of King Arthur." He outlined the
transition from Roman rale to Saxon domin
ion in England, and mode many references
to the fanciful and fantastio literature of
Great Britain. A paper from Bev. Myron
Eells.ol British Columbia, was read by Mr.
J. N. B. Howltt, on "Chinook Jargon," a
language which grew up on the Northern
Pacific slope, for use between the whites and
Indians. The Indians acquired this as a nat
ural language, but It is so far Inferior to the
English that it is now fast disappearing.
IN AND OUT OP OPPICB.
What seems to be a continuation of the epi
sode of J. B. Brawley, recently Sixth Auditor,
and now one of the outs, is the appointment
of Richard M. Johnson yesterday be chief
clerk of the office, vice Boone Chambers, re
signed. The thing about Mr. Brawley is that
he was appointed by the present administra
tion and is its only prominent appointee who
has either resigned or been disposed of.
What the reason of his resignation is, if, as
was announced by tho department, it was a
resignation, docs not at first appear. It is
understood jo have been forced.
For some time the relations of the Sixth
Auditor and Secretary Carlisle have not been
cordial, and six weeks ago people say there
was very nearly an open disruption between
them, which went as far as a very excited
wordy combat in the Secretary' room. Sec
retary Carlisle has not been impressed with
Mr. Brawley's executive capacity: tho, work
of tho Sixth Auditor's office is far behind; the
methods employed were not business-like;
and :Postmaster General Bisseli, Secretary
Carlisle and the President came to the con
clusion that a change was necessary; all these
things aro said.
The letting of the contract for stamped en
velopes, the largest yearly contract of the
Post Office Department, still hangs fire. Last
year we sold ourselves 036,279,430 stamped
envelopes, at an average of 2 n thousand, for
SI, 007,000. This large prospective contract,
and the fact that Mr. Bisseli opened it to any
one, where heretofore only manufacturers
having adequate plants were allowed to com
pete, was tho cause of tho larger number who
tried for it. Plympton & Morgan, of Hart
ford, Conn., have had the job for twenty
years. Plympton is a paper man, nnd Mor
gan an envelope manufacturer. They have a
wonderfully large plant and every facility for
doing the work, and, sub rosa, the department
people hope they will secure it, but sovcral
bidders got below them on the bids. The De
partment people aro Investigating them.
John Lyons, of tho Surgeon General's Office,
fell down a stairway in the office of the at
tending surgeon a few months ago, and broke
three ribs. He went to work again without
feeling any inconvenience, and in a month
went around to Surgeon In Charge O'Reilly
and complained of a pain in his chest Dr.
O'Reilly told him of bis damage. Mr. Lyons
went to bed that day and staid in bed another
month. And he has been wearing corsets
One of those men with well-set, strong-looking
heads 13 Joseph Y. Page, of New York, who
was appointed chief clerk of the Comptroller
of thu Currency the other day In place of Mr.
Stoddard. He looks as if be might fill the
Secretary Smith and Claude Bennett had
bright, large smiles in their faces yesterday.
The Secretary, when he is really gay, can ac
complish so much smilo at one time! The
reason of the Joyousness of Secretary Hoke
..-vu . ..... jwjj.-....-.- u... ...... j ........
iuiu ma vuuhucuuui scetuuwy tnw mo ivfcuiu
of Mrs. Smith from u two months' stay In
Georgia. Sho has spent Lent In Atlanta in
seclusion. Who blames Mr. Smith for his
B. A- PTool is of Kentucky. He has been
temporarily designated as examiner of the
Treasury Department, with the lurger hope of
finally filling, that position permanently.
He takes the place of Mont Cumming, recently
promoted, and of Mr. Do Land, of tho last
administration'. This position of Mr. PTooi's
is a good kind of place under Mr. Carlisle.
When Mr. De Land filled it the old sjstem of
competitive examinations was in force, and It
required all his time, working sixty minutes
to the hour, to fill it; but Mr. Carlisle docs
not believe In competitive examinations for
The result was that Mr. De Land was trans
ferred to the civil service commission, where
ho could examine as much as he pleased, and
Mr. Cumming took bis place. Mr. Cumming
exemplified Mr. Carlisle's Idea of an exam
iner. Ho spent nil bis time in not examining.
In recognition of these distinguished services
id n promotion the other day to be
i-r jk.nr...i-.. ,...i wi..,..
say that Mr. PTool expects to fill the posl-
. normnnontlc T mwlA nnK- that ho U on
trial as an efficient examiner, according to
Mr. Carlisle's Ideas. It may be that he will
InnMurlr irhb In 1n enmn nrnrL-
which Mr. Carlisle could not, of course, tol
It would seem that Mr. Brawley, lately
sixth auditor, has been obliged to bo satisfied
with something not, equally as good, as he
has apparently accepted tho assistant rcgis
tership of the Treasury, Harry Smith's old
position. And, by th-, way, there Is liable to
be music in the air for Mr. Tillman, as I am
told that the committee now investigating
Mr. Quincy is going to begin to inquire pretty
soon just what the deal was by Which Mr.
Tillman secured his appointment The gos
sip has been that Mr. Tillman turned over to
Mr. Quincy certain lists of Alliance men. and
in consideration of all that was promised a
finm of mnnnv Anil nn nqlstnnt sepretnrvahln
It is nlleged that he didn't get the money nor
tho assistant secretaryship, but slipped nicelv
into the reglstership of tho Treasury. All
this. It is maintained. Is to be investigated;
and it is said that Mr. Roosevelt, also breath
ing war. Intends to look Into the strange cai.o
of Mr. Tillman.
Senator Hill's .Method of Attack,
rrpm Dally America.
Senator 11111 can speak any time after Wednes
day, and all interest centers In bis speech.
It will be tbe great feature of tho long debate.
It is knoirn that it will bo a vigorous attack
upon me dui as u now is eonsirucieo. inocniel
attack will be npon the income tax feature, but,
r..t.t.-...i.,. .... v.... v.v nnt el....! '
nlll attack the bill from a moral standpoint I
He will charge that It Is an Immoral meesure on '
account of tbe ad valorem features. He can
refer to oveiy Democratic paper In New York as
having time aud again exp ised tbe frightful
system of under valuation that prevailed In tbo
ew York custom house for years and years
previous to the McKmley bill. It was largely on
account of the New York Democratic papers
that McKlnlcy adoptod a specific duty in the
collection of tariff taxes. It can be readily
shown that an ad valorem system puts a pre
mium upon perjury, and that It Is very difficult
for honest importers n compete with tbefr rl
Aals who will tako c rrupt advantage of this
system of collection. It Is entirely a new feat
ure of attack, and It has jot entered in among
tne usual oDiections mat nave boen made to the
Talsc Burglary Alarm.
Tho burglar alarm in Harris & Sbaeffer's
jewelry store was touched off about 9 o'clock
last night, which caused a largo crowd to
congregate in front of the store Upon in
vestigation it was found to be a false alarm.
What touched off the machine is a mystery,
and tho only oxplauation that can be ad
vanced is that a rat or some Insect did the
Hashes from tho Wire.
Physicians of Plalnfleld, N. J., say that many
people there are in the habit of getting drank
Col A. It McClure resumed his editorial work
in the Philadelphia Times yesterday, after an
absence of six months.
Two white men and five Indians are reported
killed in a fight in the Cheyenne country, west
of 1 licno, Oklahoma.
New York State Entomologist Llnter says
that the seventeen year locusts will appear
in large numbers in the state this year.
Dispatches from different points inKansas say
that tbe wheat crop in the state Is in a critical
condition and in urgent need of rain.
The Atlantic and Danville railroad was sold In
Norfolk yesterday, under order of the United
States court, for $1,105,000 to B. Newgass and as
sociates. Six of the leading steel-casting companies of
the country hare formed a. combination known
as the American Steel Casting Company and
have organized under the laws of New Jersey
with a capital stock of H ,200,000.
Walter Stokes, of Memphis, Tenn., has sued J.
A. Murphy fc Co., Chicago stock brokers, for
$8,000, naif of which Is forthe benefit of Cook
county. The suit U brought under the state
gambling act which provides tnat if any suit
shall Involve a gambling transaction the plaintiff
shall sue for treble the amount lost and tbathalf
of the amount, if recovered, snail be paid to the
BLAND STILL FOR WAR.
Ho Will Try to Have the Seigniorage Bill
Passed Over. Cleveland's Veto.
The question of passing the Bland silver
seigniorage bill over President Cleveland's
veto was to have come before' the House yes
terday, and active preparations were made
by the elements for and against the Presi
dent's position. Representative Tracey,
Democrat, of New York, sent 17 letters to
Democratic members who could be relied on
to sustain the President The letter is as
House op Representatives1, tr. 8.,
Washington, D. C, April 2, 1894.
Sir: pir. Bland has given notice that Tues
day, April 8, he will ask to have the seigniorage
bill passed over the President's veto.
1 am directed by the mlnorlt members of
the Commlttoe on Coinage. Weights, and Meas-
.ures to urge you to be present In the Home that
uay ana 10 remain umu me voie oas Doen
taken. Respectfully yours Charles Tracet.
Representative Tracey says the veto will be
sustained by a largo vote.
Representative Bynum (Dem., Ind.) will
make a speech voicing the position of those
who favored tho sliver bill, but who will now
support the President.
Representative McGann, of Chicago, and
several others who voted forthe bill, have sig
nified their purpose to support the .veto, as
they regard allegiance to the President more
Important than allegiance to this particular
Representative Bland has arranged his pro
gramme for the contest over the veto." It
contemplates several speeches against the
veto. There is no limit to tho debato, as the
Suestlon of sustaining or defeating the Presl
eut's action Is one of high privilege. Mr.
Bland has resisted propositions to send the
veto to a committee, as a means of avoiding
embarrassment to those who favored the bill
but do not want to antagonize tho President.
He will listen to no compromises, but insists
on a dobate and a vote.
Tariff Bill Again Doctored bv the Finance
Senator Vest submitted to the Senato a
number of amendments to the tariff bill
yesterday, which had been considered by the
Finance Committee, and afterward referred
to that committee- by the Senate. The amend
In tho chemical schedule a new paragraph
is added, as follows; Drugs, such as barks,
beans, berries, balsams, buds, bulbs, nnd
bulbous roots, and excrescences, such as nut
galls, fruits, fiowers, dried fibers, gums, and
gum resins, herbs, leaves, lichens, mosses
nuts, roots, and stems, spices, vegetables,
seeds (aromatic, not garden seeds), and seeds
of morbid growth, weeds, woods used ex
pressly for dyeing, and dried insects, being
of the foregoing, which are edible, but which
have advanced in value or condition byre
fining or grinding, or by other process of
manufacture, and not specially provided for
In this act, 10 per cent, ad valorem. Other
changes were of no great significance.
In the coal paragraph the word culm is
modified so us to provide for a duty on culm
which will pass through a half-inch screen.
There are also changes In the income tax
port of tbe bill. One of these changes adds
the word "assessed" at the beginning of sec
tion 54, and it is afterward provided that
this assessment shall Lu made by the com
missioner of Internal revenue.
A proviso is added as follows: "That all
non-resident corporations shall be subject to
a tix of 2 per cent, upon all undistributed
sums sent abroad, which sums, for the pur
poses of this act, shall be held to be dividends
to foreign stockholders or policy holders, and
lIitJ rcsmeut ugeui ur uiuuukit oi aucii lur-
i eign corporations snail wunnoia said tax oi 2
per cent from nil such undistributed sums
and make return thereof and pay tho tax
HERE'S A PRETTY MESS.
Rebates Granted to Railroad Corporations
Without Warrant of Law.
Albany, N. Y., April 3. Dennis J. Dewon,
the expert who has been investigating the
affairs of tbe Comptroller's office, made his
repert to-day to Comptroller Roberts. He
claims that tho system of bookkeeping has
been of the loosest possible kind, and that big
corporations have besn granted rebates on
business dune In this state without any war
rant of law and without any good reason
Many books were kept in lead pencil. In
some cases, he says, tho rebates were given
to companies that never did interstate bus
iness. Ho says:
"I desire to call the Comptroller's attention
to tho fact that about ail of the lorce rebates
to which I haverererred In the foregoing were
mndo during the very last days of tho terms
I r race .?' th comptrollers who granted
'them. How it WOS discovered by thfSB
officials just as they were about to retire from
m ,hat rei?1, ' thl:c,Wnl('3 a?Rre;
'"'" "" Cl,vuv,vw auuuiu ij iuou7, i
must leave to the discernment of thoo more
. competent to judge than I am. Those re
I bates not male just before the close of a
: comptroller's term were nearly all made not
I far Irom election time."
He gives iu detail how tho rebates were
granted nnd furnishes u list of tho railroads
receiving ttiem ana tho amount rebated.
Corcoran Cndcts' Ball.
Ihe twenty-fifth complimentary hop of tho
Corcoran Cadet Corps took place last evening
at National Rifles' armory, and was in every
way a success. Representatives from tho
various military organizations of tho city
were present, together with a large crowd of
young ladies nnd gentlemen anxious to enjoy
the excellent dancing programme afforded by
tho corps, under tho direction of Private L.
H. Phelps, floor director. The committee
having charge of the affair were: Capt C. C.
Edwards, Lieut C. A- Myer, Sergt L. Pre
side. Sergt. W. E. Thompson, Sergt C. B.
Matthews, Private A. B. Malone, and Private
L. H. rhelps.
it Phelps floor direc'or
Of fleers Elected for All Souls Church.
Tho annual election of officers and trustees
of AH Souls Unitarian Church was held last
night, and resulted In tho unanimous selec
tion of tho following: Church trustees. Hon.
Carroll D. Wright, Pror. E. A. Fay, George
Doolittle, Gen. Rufus Saxton; secretary, Mr.
,,- r r-eeeli nn,i tnuMnrar T)r Opnrirn V
iv- u 'ir lroaJurer. "r- eorgo -.
French. The officers of the Snndav school
are: Mr. Bmard It Green, superintendent;
Miss Helen G. Nichols, assistant superintend-
ent; Mr. Edward B. Eynon, secretary and
treasure; Mr. Arthur L. Bryant and rMr. w.
H. G. Simmons, librarians.
The Commissioners yesterday ordered that
charges against private W. L. Coghill, of the
Metropolitan police force, bo dlsmissi d. It
was also ordered that Inspector Entwlsle
cause the construction of a skylight over tbe
stair well In the municipal building, at a cost
not to exceed S1C0, pavablo out of the miscel
laneous expenses of tho District
Bering Sea Bill Passed.
Senator Morgan's bill for carrying out the
verdict of the Bering Sea arbitration was
brought up and passed in the Senate yester
day. Tho Senntor eulogized the character of
Lord Hannen, one of the commissioners, who
has since died, and commented on the cordial
relations which existed between thoso con
cerned during the arbitration.
Frame House Fire.
Engine No. 3, of tho Fire Department, was
called out about 10 o'clock lost night to a fire
in a frame house at No. 200 Massachusetts
avenue northeast Tho damage was slight.
The flro was caused by a defective flue.
Sparks from the Wires.
Mrs. David .Parker, colored, a former slave,
died at Fountain Grove, Pa., yesterday. It is
claimed that she was 119 years old.
Hon. N. B. Heiner, Congressman from tbe
First Pennsylvania district, is lying 111 at his
bouse In Klttannlng with malarial fever.
The cross-examination of witnesses for the
prosecution In the case of Navigator Lyman of
the wrecked Kearsarge occupied tbe time of the
general court-martial at the Brooklyn navy yard
Frank Cole, a noted burglar, with two others,
tried to escape from tho Richmond, Va., peniten
tiary early yesterday morning by cutting a hole
through the roof, but was discovered by a guard
The Herreshoff Manufacturing Company closed
its large yacht building establishment at Bris
tol, Me., for an indefinite period, and It is proba
ble that very fast yachts will be put on the
stocks in their yards this year.
A new American play from the pen of Russ
Whytat an American actor, was presented for
the first tune on any stage at the Girard Avenue
theater, Philadelphia, last night The name of
the new play Is "Virginia," and it deals with in
cidents ot the late civil war.
ASK FOR NEARLY $200,000
It Is a Subsidy for tbe Southern Fast
Nail, So Called.
NORTH CAROLINA POLITICS IN IT
Train Ho Faster Than on the Bvbaldiied
Boadt Vanderbilts as Well as Biehmond
and Danville Interested Postmasters Gen
eral Have Opposed the Appropriation.
The proposition carried in the postoffico
appropriation bill to award nearly $200,000,
or 8196,614.22, to be exact, to certain "trunk
lines from Springfield, Mass., via New York
and Washington, to Atlanta ondNew Orleans,"
"for necessary and special facilities," seems
to meet with vigorous opposition. The speech
of Representative Kyle, of Mississippi, first
drew attention to this item in the present ses
sion. The presence of the railroad lobby has
served still further to attract the attention ot
Senators and Members to this proposed allow
ance. Back of tho item is a long continued
The Richmond and Danville railroad has
this year borne tho brunt of the opposition to
this railway subsidy. Other Important rail
roads, however, are nearly as much inter
ested. The Vanderbilts, for instance, in the
allowance for the New York, New Haven and
Hartford from Springfield to New York, and
the Pennsylvania from New York to Wash
ington. Tho allowance of money to each,
while not quite so much as that to the Rich
mond and Danville, Is nevertheless important,
and in this year, as in others, the representa
tives of the Vanderbilts and of the Pennsyl
vania are aiding tbe Richmond and Danville.
Opposed to tho Richmond and Danville ore
the Interests of the Atlantic Coast Line, so
called, which enjoyed tho subsidy itself in
former years, but has now been replaced In
the chain of railroads transporting tbe south
ern fast mail, so-called, by the Richmond
The opponents o! the item point out that
this is the only railroad subsidy that has been
allowed in this country In recent years, and
that the subsidy is therefore a discrimination
against all other railroads; that, as a matter
ot fact, tbe mall service provided for under
it is not so fast, but, on the contrary, slow,
and that, as a matter of fact, two other North
and South through mall lines, which aro not
subsidized, make quicker time; and that in
general terms the allowance is a subsidy pure
and simple, which never should have been
granted to the railroads In the country, and
which has never served the purpose for which
it was intended, and in support of all these
arguments Postmasters General Dickinson
and Wanamaker, one a Democrat and one a
Republican, are quoted from in detail. Mr.
Kyle, indeed, quoted from these authorities
in his recent speech.
The opponents of this allowance point out,
moreover, that a pretty web Is woven around
it in order that it shall be not merely put
through but protected nnd paid out, for the
item in the bill provides that no part ot the
appropriation shall be spent unless the Post
master General deems it necessary in order
to promote the interests of the service. For
example, Senator Ransom of North Carolina,
who is avowedly the candidate of the Rich
mond and Danville people in thai stato for
re-election, and who is antagonized by the
Atlantio Coast Line people, is warmly for tho
subsidy, that Congressman Henderson of
Salisbury, N. C, an important Richmond and
Danville town, who is chairman of tbe House
Postoffice Committee, is also strongly for the
appropriation; and that Hon. Kerr Craige,
Third Assistant Postmaster General, who is
evidently wrongly supposed by some to
have to do officially with Department recom
mendations touching tho transportation ot
mails and with the execution of acts of Con
gres relating to them, is also a citizen of
Salisbury, appointed to bis present place
largely tbrodgh the Influence ol Senator Ran
som and Mr. Henderson. That it is further
pointed out that Mr. Henderson as well as
Mr. Craige is an ex-attorney of Richmond
and Danville, and that Mr. Henderson counts
upon the support of thi3 powerful corpora
tion in his fight for Senator Vance's seat. The
supporters of the appropriation naturally
argue that the Atlantic Coast Lino, so-called,
are merely fighting this item in the bill be
cause they are not to be able to utilize tho
money this eor as formerly.
It cannot be predicted whether the item
will go through. Certainly it will be Tery
warmly antagonized, not merely by Senators
and Members who oppose all subsidies on
principle, but by many other railroads as
well as tbe Atlantic Coast Line, not to men
tion the friends of these other railroads in the
two branches Congress. And it is not neces
sarily assumed that Postmaster General Bis
seli will spend the money, supposing that It
is appropriated. The item in the bill makes
it discretionary with thu postmaster General
whether he shall spend tne money or not In
tho last administration the money was granted
in spite of the opposition of Mr. Wanamaker,
but he never allowed the money to bo spent
It is thought by the Richmond and Danville
people, of course, that Mr. Bisseli, if he has
the money at his disposal, will argue that it
might as well be spent as not. and the more
incautious of the advocates of the item admit
that tho influence of such strong and useful
Democrats as Senator Ransom will avail to
influence blm to do it it their Intercession
should be neccssarv.
Halstcnd and the Commercial Gazette.
To tbe Editor of The Times:
You are mistaken in 6aylng that Halstead was
a war correspondent for the Gazette. He was at
that time editor of the Commercial Don't you
remember the famous letter to Chase where he
called Grant a drunkard aud suggested Lincoln
ought to be knocked in the bead? It was in the
Commercial be stated tbe charge that Sherman
was crazy. It has never been printed bow be
came It over Deacon Richard Smith In the con
solidation of tho Commercial and Gazette. The
Agreement was to consolidate and the amount
of stock to each paper In the new deal was to be
based upon tbe receipts of each for a given pe
riod. Tho Commercial was a seven-day paper,
tbe Gazette a six, so the Commercial had tbe
advantage of one day each week, and Halstead
got a majority of the stock.
Goodman Is Released.
Thomas A. Goodman, who has been at the
Emergency hospital since his atttmpt to com
mit suicide in the Georgetown jail last Satur
day and who has constantly been watched
over and guarded by a policeman detailed for
that purpose, was yesterday released. It was
untruthfully reported yesterday afternoon
that Lawrence, the partner of Goodman, had
died from the effect of his wounds.
NOTES FROM SENATE AND HOUSE.
Mr. Joy, who was unseated yesterday, says
he will be a candidate for Congress this Fall.
Representative Wolverton, of Pennsylvania,
Introduced a bill yesterday changing the law
regarding United States commissioners.
Comptroller Fitch, of New York city, was In
Washington yesterday urging that the Inherit
ance tax in the tarid bill should be eliminated.
Senator Allen presented yesterday in tho Sen
ate an amendment to the tariff bill providing for
the free coinage of silver, and also for other
changes In the MIL
The House Committee on Invalid Tensions
yesterday agreed on the text of a bill providing
tor the granting of pensions to members ot state
militia organizations who were disabled In the
Mrs. Mary W. Faulkner, mother of Senator
Faulkner, of West Virginia, and widow of
Charles J. Faulkner, minister to France under
Buchanan's administration, died at Winchester,
Representative Wilson, of the Ways and
Means Commute, will return to assume the ac
tive management of the tariff bill when It
emerges from the Senate and is returned to tbe
Bouse. Representative Tarsney, ot Missouri, so
In the House yesterday Representative Bailey,
ot Texas, Introduced a resolution providing for
the compilation and printing ot 3,000 copies of
all the annual, special, and veto messages,
proclamations, and inaugural addresses of the
Presidents of the United States from 1789 to 1891.
The House Judiciary Committee yesterday au
thorized a favorable report on the resolution
calling on the Secretary of the Treasury for In
formation regarding the amount of Treasury
notes bearing Interest at 73-10 per cent issued
by the government from June SO, 1S61, to June
30, 1865, eta
Tbe House Committee on Banking and Cur
rency yesterday considered without action the
bill Introduced by Mr. Cooper, providing that all
circulating notes of national banking associations
and all United States legal tendor notes nnd all
other notes and certificates of the United States
payable on demand and circulating as currency
shall not be exempt from taxation under the
authority ot any state or territory.
you be more comfortfible if
you had a spring overcoat?
There is no doubt OURS be
ing the largest and best
stock in town, and that is
where people usually like
to buy from the best assort
ment. All ' the NEW
SHAPES, in sizes to FIT
ALL MEN. Prices TEN
to FORTY DOLLARS.
Come in and see them, and
if you are not convinced
that they are SUPERIOR
to ANYONE ELSE'S, at
the same prices, don't buy.
You won't be urged to.
Robinson, Gherif & Go.,
CLOTHXEBS AND FUBNISHEBS,
1200, 1202, and 1204 F St, N.W.
HEW TORPEDO BOATS.
Vesuvius Will Abandon Her Dynamite
Guns and Be Remodelled.
The dynamite cruiser Vesuvius is likely to
go out of commission as a ship throwing
dynamite projectiles, as a result of the action
of the House Committee on Naval Affairs
yesterday. A provision was inserted in the
naval appropriation bill authorizing the
Secretary of the Navy, in his discretion, to
alter the Vesuvius into a torpedo boat These
boats are of a regulation cattern. and tbe
change would retire the dynamite guns and
so change the ship a3 to make her effective
against unarmorod vessels.
The committee further agreed on three new
torpedo boats. They are to take the place of
the second dynamite cruiser not yet begun.
Congress has already appropriated funds for
the second cruiser, but the committee, follow
ing tho advice of the Secretary of the Navy,
provide that these funds be used for three
torpedo boats instead of the dynamito boat
The committee took a further step in cutting
down the item for armor plate, another $500,
000. This leaves it at 84,000,000, or a total
reduction of 62,500,000 from the estimates.
LOVELY CHARLEY SCOOPED.
Deserted by Followers and Hit in the Mouth
With a Brick.
Bcttalo, N. Y., April 3. There was a clash
between union and non-union grain scoopers
to-day, as the outcome of an attempt to un
load the America with non-union men at
less than union rates. Charles Flynn, com
monly known a3 "Lovely Charley," essayed
to do the work, and led out a gang of sixty
five scoopers, mostly Italians, under guard of
a 6ergeant and six policemen.
When they arrived at the dock where the
America was moored it was black with union
shovelers. Flynn and the sergeant dared not
try to land their men until they had been re
inforced by another squad of bluecoats. The
officers cleared the decks of the vessels,
whereupon Flynn led his gang on board.
No sooner, however, were they on deck
than every man leaped off into tho crowd of
union men, leaving Flynn standing alono
upon the vesseL The union men gave a wild
veil of triumph at this desertion of the
Italians to their ranks.
Flynn attempted to make a speech, but was
hit with a brick square in the mouth.
SAD FATE OF SUSAN BRISCOE.
An Aged Invalid Colored Woman Burned
to Death in Georgetown.
"Aunt Susan," a well-known invalid col
ored woman, over 60 years old, whose real
name was Susan Briscoe, living at 1413
Twenty-eighth street, was burned to death
about 7 o'clock yesterday morning.
The old woman lived with her niece and
nephew, and was warming herself by a
wood fire in an upstairs room, just before
breakfast, while the rest of the family were
in the lower part of the house. The family
were soon attracte.1 by cries issuing from the
woman's room upstairs, and she was found
to bo in a moss of flames, the room filled to
the stifiing point with dense smoke.
Before she could be rescued her body was
burned to n crisp. An alarm of fire was
turned ti. to which engine company No. G
responded, but the fire was extinguished be
fore its arrivoL
The woman had been in the habit of play
ing with fire like a child, and her life ha3
been endangered several time3 before. This
is siipposed to have been the way in which
ner clottung caught fire yesterday morning.
Col. Trnesdell a Trustee.
CoL Trnesdell has been designated a mem
ber of the board of trustees of Columbia hos
pital. Advertisements and subscriptions to Thk
Times may be left at the following branch,
offices up to 10 o'clock at night:
O'Donoghne's, First and C streets.
Noel's, Seventh and L streets.
Criswell's, 1C01 Seventh street.
Haley's, Ninth and P streets.
Lynch's, Fourteenth and Rhode Island are.
Eppley's, Fourteenth and Stoughton streets.
Jenning's, 1142 Connecticut avenue.
Ware 4 Co.'s, Nineteenth and N streets.
Herbst'SjTwenty. fifth and Pennsylvania ave.
Baldus', Thirty-first and M streets.
Bennett's, 1260 Thirty-second street
Gross', Fourteenth and Park streets, Mount
Walter's, Fifteenth and G streets.
Price fc Qulgley's, Thirteenth and H streats.
Mitchell's, 1219 Four-and-a-half streets.
Price's, 126 Seventh street
Judd's, Seventh and F streets.
Hodges'. Second and Pennsylvania avenue.
DeMoll & Uelmsen's, Ninth and East Capitol.
Pywell's, Eleventh and K streets.
Wellcr's, Eighth and I streets.
Tnx TnrEs is for 6alo at tho following
The TdiesIs for sale at tho following newf
Ewell's, 815 Pa. ave.
Oram's. SS Pa. &ya
Moore's, SOS 9th st
Souter's, WiH 10th st
Morcoe's, 421 IStb st.
News Exchange, GM
Scbultze's, 435 Pa, ave.
Ball's, W7 Ost
Linder's, 631 U st.
Cross Bros.. 101 II st
Bays', SOS U si. .
Crescent Cigar Store.
Smitn's, 4U and O st.
Cumber's, 503 V st
Washington Loan and
Wbitehnnd's 3U3 7th st
Oxford cigar store, 799
Buckler's, S27 15th st
Joyco's, ITO Pa. ave.
Baltimore and FotomM
Baltimore and Ohio
Laccy's Ocm cigar
store, on .in si.
Webber's, 330 Pa. ave. 1 Clark's, C30 8th st
Linden's, 527 8th st I Hall Shoemaker1!,
Thornton's, 516 8th st 8th st, cot K
Burt's, 313 7th st I Pettlgnott 715 7th Wi
Lake's, cor. 7tb and B.
The suburban agents of Tits Truxs are:
William Hamilton, Anacostla. D. C
C. W. Mander. 208 Wolf St. Alexandria.
a W. Mattlngly, Takoma Park. D. a
H. Elbert Warren, Takoma Park (mall ad
dress). North Takoma, Sliver Springs, Sllga
Avondale, Lamond. and Brigbtwood.
J. J. Gleason, lirookland, 1). U.
M. Lelzear, Laurel, ild.
M. Armstrong, Laurel, Md.
Benjamin Smith, KockvlUe, Md.
Virgil Poole, IfockvUle, Md.
C. M. Slzer. Rlverdale, Md.
A. Barnes, Seabrook, Md.