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title: 'The Washington times. (Washington, D.C.) 1894-1895, April 08, 1894, Page 2, Image 2',
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THE WASHINGTON TIMES, SUNDAY, APRIL 8, 1894.
:mm would hold good
..ulant's iMarriage With Mrs. Wing
Xot a Good Defense.
rilAT IS JUDGE BRADLEY'S VIEW
Arguments by Counsel on Both Sides on the
Trayors for Instructions to the Jury De
cision to Be Rendered To-morrow Several
Says cf Talk in Prospect.
"he prospect of a dry legal argument In the
Pollard-Ereekinridge case did not prove suf
ficiently attractive to draw out even the mem
bers of the bar to Judge Bradloy's court yes
terday morning. Neither of the principals In
tho case were there. Their lawyers bristled
with legJ documents when they entered,
while in their wake followed sundry colored
porters laden with stacks of calf-bound
Tho proceedings were began by Mr. Cal
deron Carlisle, who read to tho court the
prayers of the plaintiff for instructions to the
Jury. Fourteen distinct instructions, cover
ing every possible aspect of tho cose, were
asked of the court. Stripped of their legal
verbiage the substance of the Instructions
asked for are as follows:
That this is n suit for breach of promise of
marriage, and if the Jury And from the evi
dence that there were mutual promises of
marriage between the plaintiff and thedefend
ant, if the defendant was married thereafter
It constitutes a breach of promise.
If tho plaintiff and defendant were found to
have had Illicit intimacy before the promise
of marriage, that would constitute no defense,
and if shis had illicit Intercourse with others
and bo knew it before he made the promise it
was not a defense.
The burden of proof that thero was to do a
semblance of a marriage contract with an
understanding that there was not to bo a con
tract carried out rested upon tho defendant,
and the jury must be convinced by a prepon
derance of tbe evidence that such was the
The jury must And for the plaintiff unless
tbev find that there was a mutual agreement
not to carry out the semblance of a contract
aud find it by a preponderance of the evi
dence; also, unless they find that tho
plaintiff did not accept the promises from the
defendant and knew at the time that they
v.cro not made in good faith, but agreed with
him that they should not be binding, and
this must be shown by a preponderance of
If ho made the promise in? bad faith and
he accepted it in good faith, no defense was
constituted thereby. In determining whether
.sbo understood the contract to be in good
iiuth the conduct of plaintiff and defendant
at and alter tbe time of making tbe contract
ure to be considered. If the promises are
found to havo been repeated by him before
Urb. Blackburn and Major Moore, the fact of
a secret understanding must be proved by a
preponderance ol the evidence, and the fact
of carnal knowledge between tbe two is not a
If the jury believe the plaintiff to bo un
chaste and that the defendant knew of her un
chastity does not constitute a defense. If the
Jury believed she told him that she bad been
Intimate with lthodes, and thereafter he prom
ised to marry her, that Intimacy docs not
form a justification for breach of contract.
The secret marriage to another after some
. , promises to marry and before others does not
constitute a defense, but an aggravation of
damages. That If he was married April 20,
kept that marriago a secret, and therefore en
tered into tbe contract, that marriage Is not a
Tho jury ore to consider all the relations of
the parties, tbe prospective improvement in
her circumstances by tho promised marriago,
the circumstances of tho contract and wrong
committed, and may give exemplary damages.
Announcements of tho contract to third
parties, with the additional humiliation to tho
plaintiff which Us breach unier such circum
stances constitutes, may be considered an
aggravation of damages. The ability or in
r ability of the defendant to pay cannot bo con-
sldcred a mitigating circumstance in award
. If any jury finds that the plaintiff was
chaste, sa with the defendant, and that the
-attempt to impeach her character was not
made in good faith, but to contrive a defense,
they are to consider the fact as an aggravation
of the damages.
The prayers of tho defense for instruction,
which were read by Mr. John T. Shelby, were
fewor In number. They were in substance
Before the plaintiff can recover damages
tbe jury must believe that tbo contract was
entered into between tbe plaintiff and de
fendant by which they agreed to become hus
band and wife. If there was no actual agree
ment, statements made in the presence of
others do not constitute a promise of mar
riage, and, if made pursuant to mutual under
s.andlng, are not to be considered evidence.
The admitted improper ralation3 between the
plaintiff and the defendant and his support of
her are Jjbt to be considered evidence of on
During tho argument of Attorney Shelbv.
Judge Bradley Inquired the meaning of "lewd
aud lascivious conduct," the term used in tho
prayers of the defense.
Mr. Shelby responded that no man was
bound to marry a woman of unchaste life,
Lor one whose conduct was such that she
might bo presumed to bo wllllngto commit
acts of Illicit intercourse if the opportunity
Would you mean such conduct as Mr.
Julian testified to?" the judge inquired.
"Yes," responded Mr. Shelby, "I should
think a person of that character only needed
an opportunity to commit acts of unchas
lty." ' "Suppose that he knew of such conduct
with (he parties and knowledge of it with a
sixth afterward came to him. Would that
change tho legal aspect of the case?" asked
Mr. Shelby responded that he would not go
to that extreme; that there might be such
conduct long passed and atoned for and re
pented of. There was a little possogo be
tween Mr. Shelby and Mr. Wilson regarding
tho part which Miss Pollard's threats should
play in tho case. Mr. Shelby said that
threats which would justify a man in securing
a divorce would also justily him in breaking
a contract to marry. Mr. Wilson contended
. that this rule would not apply to threats
made because of the defendant's misconduct,
and because of an exhibition by him of a
purpose to evade the contract, and no threats
made after the secret marriage" could justify
a ruling fdr the defendant.
The argument was closed by Mr. Wilson for
All the speeches were on the legal points In
volved in the prayers, and tho counsel agreed
that in some respects tho case was a unique
one. The argument was significant In show
ing that the defense does not intend to set up
u u icgai pica ma: any 01 ino promises made
by Col. Breckinridge to Miss Pollard wero
tinder dures exercised by her with a pistol.
Judge Bradley reserved his decision on tho
instructions until Monday, although he inti
mated that ho could not grant onoot tho
prayers for the plaintiff, and said In speaking
ol another prayer: "I seeno reason to change
my opinion that tbo existing marriage at tbe
'time ho'made tho promise, If ho made it, Is
no defense "
Tbo length of the arguments was a matter
discussed by tho judge and attorneys, "and
while Judge Bradley thought five hours for a
side would be sufficient, tbe lawyers wanted
mors time. No conoluslcn was reached.
.McKnnc's Appeal Docketed.
Tho appeal caso of John T. McKane, tho
G .veetud politician, from tbo order of Judge
Lacomba dtmlng him a writ of habeas
corpus to secura his release from Sing Sing,
was docketed In tho Supreme Court of tho
Un'tol Statps yesterday. It is understood
that Mr. Edward M. Shepard, Warden Dure
ton b counsel, will ask the court on Monday
to lidvauce the cao for an early hearing.
SINCE WHEN WE .MET.
(J. Gertrude Menard in April Donahoe'sJ
-Since when wc met 1 count no more
tne l Inter's lagging days.
In THln tbe snow-drift bars tbe path
For h is Spring. Hsr tender voice
iets w.ntry woodstune;
Her blue eyes bring tbe May for me
lier red lips are my June.
Unusual Quantities Offered for Sale In
United States Consul Meeker. t Bradford,
England, reports to the State Department,
under date of March 13, that during the pre
ceding six weeks large quantities of American
wool have been offered for sale in Bradford.
This bos been so unusnal as to attract atten
tion and cause an endless amount of gossip.
Several lots of Ohio wool, aggregating 50,
000 pounds, were purchased, which gave the
buyers perfect satisfaction. As a general
thing the prices of all grades of American
wool ore now practically the same as the
similar grades in England, the carriage and
other charges neainst the American article
making most of the difference. The wool
merchants at Bradford assert that tbe mo
ment the tariff bill passes with free wool the
prices of American wool will revive, and sev
eral of them are so strong in this faith that
they have made large Investments in wool
now held in Philadelphia and Boston.
They Insist that tbe new impetus given to
manufactures by free raw material will cause
larger quantities of the American woo; to bo
mixed with tbo finer foreign wools, and that
a demand for American wool for hosiery
purposes will set in immediately on that sido.
Under the Gaps
of Soldier Boys
The monthly meeting of tho Washington
Light Infantry Corps was held on Wednesday
evening last in tho officers' room of tho
armory, a large number of the members being
present. Only the usual routine business of
tho organization was transacted, it being
rather early in tho season for any definite
nctlonsconcernIng the Summer attractions so
eagerly looked forward to by tho members
and friends. Among the members consider
able discussion Is now being indulged in as
to tho location of tbo Summer encampment
Atlantic City, Capo May, Long Branch, and
other celebrated Summer resorts have been
mentioned, but so far it Is impossible to pre
dict where tbo white-coated favorites will
pitch their tents.
A trip to Annapolis Is anticipated some time
in May to inspect the new cruiser Columbia,
to which tho Infantry recently presented a
beautiful ship's bell. It is understood to be
the wish of Secretary Herbert to gl e the citi
zens of tbe District an opportunity to inspect
the new cruiser just as soon as she can be
conveniently made ready, and for that pur
pose she will be ordered to Annapolis imme
diately after going into commission.
An invitation has been tendered the corps
to act as escort to the parade of Odd Fellows,
to be held on April 26, Tho invitation ar
rived too late to be acted on at Wednesday
evening's meeting, but in all probality it will
The ball given by the Corcoran Cadets on
Tuesday evening last was a most creditablo
affair, and was attended by a large and
appreciative crowd of young people, anxious to
enjoy1 tho excellent dancing characteristic of
the cadet hops. CapL Edwards' company is
always successful when It undertakes to
suppiy an enjoyable evening's amusement,
ana lovers or tne terpslcnorean art, II one is
to judge by tbe large numbers always on band,
highly appreciate the company's efforts. The
floor committee were Sergt. J. A. Kelly, Corps.
X. H. Smith, J. E. Gibson and Joseph Guistee,
and Privates Long, Parkhurst. Balderson, and
Hunnlcutt. Among those present were Mrs.
C. Hunt, Mrs. Edwards, Mrs. Dol, Mrs. Cat
tell, Mrs. E. V. Matthews, Mrs. Hunt, Sirs.
Hosmcr, Mrs. Oorman, Mrs. J. W. Davis, Mrs.
Meyer, Mrs. Redman, Mrs. John Frister, Mrs.
Cases, Misses WinHeld. Grant, M. Smith,
B. Barney, G. B. Mebrling, Annie Long;
Eve Flayers, X. Donnelly, A. Scott, Col
lins. Nichols. Emma Lindsay, Alice Hunt,
Codrlck, Kidwell, Ogle, Hamilton, Bouse,
Alice Desmond. F. Brown, Davi. Josie Mc
Carthy, Katie Hart. Ida Crow, Alice Rhodes,
Hagcrty, Owen, Jennio Loftus, Green, M.
Forbes, Maude Adams. Messrs. F. Dent, W.
H. Barker, Maurice West. John H. Bowers,
George-Robinson, F. E. Phelps, E. Lucas, E.
V. Cross, Frank Bennett, J. W. Glasgow,
Thomas Collins, G. W. Beamer, G.W. Fisber,
II. G. Ward, H. M. Young, Lovecraft, G. It
Frayers, J. Proctor, John J. Manning. R.
Chapman, G. C. Langley, Charles Hoffman,
J. B. Austin, John Cameron, C. F. Kerr, H.
Schlosser, John Kyan, W. L. Belt, W. T. Red
man, A. M. Eberly, P. T. Hannan, John Mulr,
F. A. Ranke, F. W. Moore, R. C. Lake, Will
lam Fisher, H. W. Stanford, F. C. Berens, E.
C. Edwards and C. A. Meyers.
The Fifth battalion presented a fine ap
pearance on Fridav evening in their full-dress
bimonthly drill, and dress parade. Under the
command of Major Suess this- battalion has
made rapid progress in all that pertains to
discipline and soldierly beariLg, aud are last
attaining a standard of 'proficiency in drill and
rifle practice highly creditable to officers and
men. Shortly before the battalion was dis
missed Capt. Bell, Inspector of rlfio practice
of tbe Second regiment, urged on the men
the absolute necessity of 'Strict attention to
duty In the rifle gallery and on the outdoor
range. Ho characterized the Second regi
ment as the "shooting regiment." and called
upon the members of tbe .Fifth battalion to
do all in tneir power to uphold tbe prestige
of Col. Clay's command during the coming
year. The companies were in command of
Capts. bimonds. Columbus and Jenkins and
Lieut, Andrews, respectively.
Cant. Smoot. commandintr company C.
Sixth battalion, met with a painful accident
to bis right hand about three weeks ago which
has Bince confined him to bis home. He is
reported improving rapidly. Meanwhile First
Lieut. Test is in command of company C, and
takes care that tbe boys do not overlook their
Company A. Fourth battalion (Emmet
Guard;, practice at the rifle gallery on next
According to the Army and Xavy Journal
an interstute drill will be held at Little Rock,
Ark., during the coming Summer. Already
S4.000 has been subscribed, and matters are
being pushed to completion by an actiie com
mittee. The District brigade will be repre
sented by the National Fc-nclblcs, who will
shortly commence drilling for the occasion.
There wilt be n change this year In the
mede of making the annual inspectiens In tbe
New York national guard. In placu of, or
ders being issued a month in advance, as here
tofore, in future only three" days' notice will
beghen. This system now prevails in the
United States army.
A dance will shortly bo given by tho Morton
Cadets, the "baby" company of the brigade.
Invitations will be out In a few days.
AH of the ninety men of the right flank
coapany of tho Scots Guards are six feet or
over, the aerago height being 6 feet 1
inches. One man is 6 feet 7 inches, and
twelve are over 6 feet 4 Inches.
Tho weekly drills or company B, First bat
talion, are characterized by a full attendance
of members. The company is commanded
by First Lieut. Cbarlcs M. Shreve.
Look Out for This Counterfeit.
The officers of the secret service, Treasury
Department, have discovered a new counter
feit of .tho $20 United States notes, series of
1880. check letter "C," W. S. Rosecrans,
Register, and James W. Hyatt, Treasurer,
Tbe note bus tbe appearance of having been
printed from R wood-cut. It is about three.
eighths of nn Inch shorter than tbe genuine
uuu uooui a quarter 01 an men less in widtb,
and considerably smaller than the genuine in
every particular. This fact shows that the
camera was used in Its production. The seal
Is well executed, but its color looks faded.
The color of the Treasury number Is good,
but tbe formation Is poor. The general ap
pearance of tbe note is blurred and the lines
of tho lathe work, especially on the back, can
not be traced.
NOTES FROM THE DEPARTMENTS.
The,net gold in the Treasury at the close of
business yesterday was t 10J,C75,7O4, and tbe cash
Count d ilagouza Soustcbsvsky, of St Peters
burg, late commissioner of Hussta at the World's
Fair, Is in Washington tnaktni a study of the
patent system of tbla government.
Tbe State Dep irtinent Is agalu on tbe track of
Menace, tbe lulnneapollt defaulter, and It is
understood tbat be has been located In Belize.
British Honduras, and that an effort Is bting
made to secure bis arrest
Tbe Utah commission will be reorganized In the
early part of next wek. The resignations of
three of the members bare been tendered to
Secretary Smith and a fourth will probably be
JAPS WANT THE FRANCHISE
They Make Threats of Forcible Inter
ference in Hawaiian Affairs.
GOVERNMENT TO TAKE A HAND
Significant Utterances of a Prominent Japan
ese Official Chinese Likely to Join in the
MoVement Portuguese Also Asking for a
Warship Interest in the Coming Elections.
HOSOLCT.U, March' 31. The Japanese ques
tion is the all-absorbing toplo of Interest hero.
Since the arrival of tho new Japanese war
ship, the TaKIchlbo, the Japs have taken on
a more independent air- than formerly and
openly claiming the right to a voice in the
affairs of government.
Tho warship Nn Nlwa went to nilo, on tbe
Island of Hawaii, recently, carrying the
Japanese minister, Jujui, with her. The
minister has1 not y t returned, and Is said to
be conferring with the Japanese contract
laborers. As there are many thonsa nds o
these laborers on the islands the people are
becoming alarmed as to what the outcome
It is surmised that if the Japs Insist on tbo
voting franchise and it is refused them, they
will try to tako matters in their ,own hands
and compel tho provisional government to
recognize them. Should such a contingency
occur it is more than likely that tho Chinese
would join forces with tho Japanese, and tbo
wbito population of tbo islands would stand
n poor cliance of victory. A prominent Jap
anese official connected with the legation
hero said to the Associated Press correspond
ent a few days ago:
"The Japanese here want tbe franchise and
tbey are going to get It. If they caunot, our
government is going to tako a hand in the
matter. We bae two big men-of-war here,
and wo do not intend to let our interesls be
trampled upon by the provisional govern
ment." The Portuguese havo also mado a demand
upon their minister for a warship. They
claim they are in fear of nn explosion In the
near future, and that in case of victory for tbe
royalists tbey would be disfranchised.
Politically, matters havo been quiescent
since the last advices and nothing important
has transpired. The American union patty
organization tbat has taken the place of tbe
old annexation club, has held an election on tbo
island of Oahua for tbe purpose of appoint
ing delegates to tbo central committee to reg
ulate the affairs of the party. A number of
extremo radicals buve been elected to this
committee, and it is anticipated that tbe new
organization will be a thorn in tbe sido of the
The American league which was supposed
to bave amalgamated with the union party,
still holds independent meetings. At a meet
ing of tho councils held on tbe 29th Instant,
tbo minister of finance Introduced a new sal
ary list for government employes tbat will
save tbo country aoout 5CU,uou a year, it bad
been found absolutely necessary to cut down
tho government expenses as much as possible
as tbe revenues 01 tun country are decreasing.
The registration for tbe coming election of
delegates to the constitutional convention has
commenced. . Tbe natives are not registering,
aud it is said they are being made to think
that in tbo cne of a restoration their lives
would be tho forfeit In the event of their tak
ing oatbs to support tbo provisional govern
ment. Where Busy Builders
Are Now A-building
Thero has been quito n marked Improve
ment In the business tone during the last
week. There have not been a large number
of transfers of real estate, but all tho dealers
report on increase of inquiries and a much
better feeling among buyers and holders.
Three months ago it was hardly possiblo to
borrow money even upon thojjest real estate
in the city, but now the money market is
fairly glutted and lenders aro as anxiously
seeking borrowers as borrowers sought
A talk with the leading architects discloses
the fact tbat tbey aro not only busy, but most
of them aro pressed with work lo preparing
plans and specifications for contemplated
new structures. They say tbeir business more
nearly resembles 1892 than it has for months
past. They report consultations on quito a
number of costly and handsome residences
tbat are under consideration.
Among the plans now being prepared by
Architect T. F. Schneider is ono for a three
story and basement dwelling for Joseph
Blundon. to be erected on S street near New
Hampshire avenue. It will hae a front of
Indiana limestone and buff brick, tiled roof,
batn and vestibule with hardwood finish.
Tbe principlo fiature of the front will be an
elaborate Lay w indow.
Plans bavu also been prepared for a three
story building to be erected on Tenth street,
to be used for stores and fiats combined. It
will be thirty-six by sixty-tnree feet, und the
first floor will contain two storerooms and tbe
second and third will each contain a six-room
flat with bath and furnace beat. The front
will be of pressed brick with stone trimming!:.
Architect A. P. Clirk has completed plans
for a handsome residence to bo erected by C.
A. Brandenberg, on N street northwest. It
will have abasement of brownstone. with the
rest of the front of pres-sed brick, with brown-
stone trimmings, it win te lour rooms in
depth, with a largo reception and staircase
ball on the first floor, finished In ash, together
with a large fireplace. The rest of the bouse
will be finished in wbite plnH. and promises
to be a very handsome structure.
Seven three-story and basement dwellings
ure. to bs ereoted on Fourteenth and Bacon
streets northwest, with buff brick and Indiana
t-1one front. Thj plans have been drawn liy
George S.Cooper. Each will hno a bay
window to tho second story finished w.th a
balustrade. The roofs will be pitched t-nd
covered with tile. Tho corner bouse v.iil
have A tower. Each house will cont.iin tin
rooms and bath and 11 reception hall and 1
staircase unisned in oak.
C. M. Campbell is to make an extensive ad
dition to bis apartment house at Fcutteentb
nnd Park streets northwest, the plans being
drawn by Wood and Grimm, architect. Tho
f rout will bo of selected red brick with red
sandstone trimmings. There will be three
llptic.il arches containing recessed windows.
Each story will contain three apartments and
f ach apartment hate five rooms and b ith and
wlli be heated by steuin and h,io clooUlu
The most extensive building operation now
under way is tbat of the new brewery for the
Christian Heurich Brewing Company. Two
structures are to be erected, a brew bouse
and stock houso. Both will be of brick with
Manassas stone trimmings. Tbe brew bouse
Will be 81x103, nnd will contlin seven stories
and will bn topped off with a tower. Tlio
total helght"from tbe ground to tbe top of tho
tower will be 1C6 feet, and tho building will
be of thorough fireproof construction. Includ
ing Iron beams, girders, concrete floors, and
The stock house will contain six stories nnd
will bo of similar construction. Other im
portant buildiugs will be tbo building devoted
to the manufacture of all Ice that will be con
sumed by the brewery; tbo office building,
containing ail tne various ouicts Ol tbe com
pany; the boiler house, and, finally, the largo
and spacious stables for tho many horses and
wagons used by the company.
The water supply, a most f mportant feature
in brewing, will be furnished from an abun
dant natural spring that exists upon tbe site,
the water from which, after a careful analy
sis, has been found to be particularly adapted
to the purposes intended. Notwithstanding
the high purity of this water in its natural
state, it will, however, be made absolutely
pure before using by passing It through a
system of filters, which will be. prominent
features of the new brewery.
The cost of the entire structure will be about
8250.000, tho iron work alone costing S45,000.
Edward L. Dent has tbe contract forYthe iron
work. The plans were prepared by a New
York architect. Mr. Heurich expects to have
the whole completed by fall.
As to tbe Cotton Gin.
Harry Mamma, who was the invontor of
tbe cotton gin?'
Mamma' (sternly) I don't know, my son,
nor do I take any interest in liquor or liquor
drinking. Pittsburg Bulletin.
TIN AND TERKB PLATES.
Special Agent Ayers Report Showing the
Growth of This Industry.
Secretary Carlisle has made publlo the re
port of Special-Agent Ira Ayer on the pro
duction of tin and terne plates in the United
States during the quarter ended December
It shows that tllrty-nlne firms manufact
ured 27,351,211 pounds of tin and terne plate
proper against nn output of 27.U5.450 pounds
by thirty-five Anns during the previous quar
ter. Of the output for the quarter 15,907,069
Sounds wero made Irom sneets roiiea in tne
hited States. Of tbe commercial plates
manufactured during the quarter, 14,682,645
pounds wero coated with tin and 12,C69,19d
pounds were terne couted.
Tbe American sheet Iron and steel mado
Into articles and wares, tinned orterne-coatod,
amounted to 1,244,707 pounds. This, the re
port says, makes tbe 'aggregate output of tin
and terne plate for the quarter, from all
sources, 23,595,948 pounds; tbat of the pre
vious quarter was 28,198.293. The production
of black plates during the quarter was 19,
679,910 pounds, and durlngthe previous quar
ter 11,355,368 pounds. The production of
American black plates of the class weighing
lighter than 63 pound3 per 100 square feet was
2.989,472 pounds In excess of that of any pre
yious quarter since tho law became operative.
Of tbe tbirty-nlno firms that mado sworn
returns of tbo manufacture of commercial tin
and terne plates, twenty-one used wholly
American plates, with an output of 12,576.443
pounds, twelve used both American nnd
foreign plates, with an output of 10,174,755
pounds, of which 3,331,226 pounds were made
from sheets rolled in tbe United States, and
six used wholly foreign plates, with an out
put of 9,600,01.) pounds. The aggregate con
sumption of American plates in tbo various
forms of manufacture was 17,152,376 pounds,
which was equal to about 90 per cent, of tho
entire production of such plates during tbo
The tin plates and terne plates imported
and entered for Immediate consumption and
those. Imported niter July, 1891, withdrawn
from warehouses for consumption during tho
quarter amounted to 83.846,383 pounds, of
which 73,949,929 pounj were tin plates and
the remainder terne plates. Tho tin and
terno plates on which duties wero paid and
which were used in tho manufacture of
articles exported with benefit of drawback
during tbe quarter amounted to 32,754,C31
pounds, of which 32,750,211 pounds were
R TopiG or Two
to Think Rboili.
Co-operative housekeeping, says the Na
tional Economist, is to be tried in Chicago
for tbe benefit of married men with small in
comes. Mrs. Colcman-Stuckert is to build a
$200,000 co-operative homo that will cover
one entire block in Hyde Park. The colony
will consist of forty-four houses on forty-six
lots, with a common lawn, laundry, kitchen,
furnace, electric-light plant, assembly hall,
and reading room. Tbo central court will
contain a common building, where all the
drudgeries will be performed. Here will be
seen the cooking, beating, and lighting ma
chinery, the ice chests, grocery storeroom's,
nnd vegetable cellars, the dishwashers, ser
vants and butler. The forty-four families
will need but fourteen people to do all their
household work. These people include tbe
baker, the professional cook, u gardener, a
superintendent, two engineers, and the corps
of helpers. Mrs. Coleman-Stuckert claims
that this saves the salaries of at least eighty
domestic servants, besides having the food
cooked economically and In excellent taste.
Au electric earner will deliver tbe cooked
Each houso will be a station, and when the
big dinner gong sounds the company cook
will push the button nnd send out forty-four
smoking dinners. Each hamper will bo
heated, so that the hot viands and legetables
will be at their prime. Each matron will
6erve the meal In the company dishes or her
own the hamper will then go lack for the
second course und tbe third, until tbe dessert
and coffee are. reached. Mrs. Coleman-Stuck
ert promulgated all these facts on paper dur
ing the World's Congresses last Sunimer. She
h"as a diagram "showing it will ccst only 52 a
week for each person. This now experiment
will have a joint beating and lighting plant,
r.ucli house will get its steam at costfrom its
own boiler, and all this branch of the house
hold economy will aggregate but 15 a month
for each family. The man who earns 565 per
month will hao to pay only 535 n mouth for
himself and wife. He will )iae n suite o six
rooms. The figures are applicable only to the
second best sjstem of co-operative homes. She
has a plan for one for tbo very wea'thy and
another for tbe erv poor. Hbe claims that
they are all equally practical, and she is
going to prove that this is tbe way to lle by
Luilding the first one lu Hyde Park. This
new home will not occupy ono big building,
aud thus have tbe characteristics tbat belong
to existence in a hotel. Every family will bo
allotted a house, with room sufficient for tbe
members. Each tenant is to become a house
holder and own his own rooms and tbereby
become a stockholder and voter in tbe com
mon affairs of the community. He will select
such a location as he can afford tbe prices
ranging from 62,000, and he will pay on tho
Installment plan. A clerk who rcceucs fcCo
per month will still havo money to save out
cf bis salary.
What is gambling? asks Roy. T. A. Hen
drick, In Donahoe's Magazine for March.
A bet or wagei Is a contract, tho essential
features of which are:
(a) That two er more persons agree
(b) that a sum of money or somo valuable
(c) shall becomo the property of one of the
parties to the contract
(d) upon tbo ascertainment of somo future
(e) nnd, to the parties contracting, uncer
Aro wager contracts lawful? Most assur
edly. Certain forms of wncrs are approved
i;t the pretent uy unlvtrsnlly Ly statute law.
Tbo most fumll-ar forms are lire and life in
surance. There is no form of conttuct which
comts nearer to tbe fasi'ut.al leaturcs of a
wagor tbau lire icnraui c.
Gambling, in tuu popular sens', la anout-
rage ol the law of nature, ibe law of owner
uhip, tho law of jirtj.rlety. Tea possession of
jrojetty lias ott.iebcd to it. not only tbo
pov.-r:o eierciso certain rights, but also tho
obligation of performing certain duties. It Is
the ccnttant. tbe wicked, tbe mini denial of
thcs oo!i;;al!ous which changes the charac
ter of au not iuitstl.good and makes gam
bling immoral. That action which com
mences to exists In tbo form and character of
barrLlos ; nstiiLC, witniu tbo contirts of
one"s rights, us-suuhs by irvquent r?petit!oui
gru'.ity which u.lUs it an Intrus.cn ou tbo
rights of our neighbor. Tbo binker corn
mtucesto gamUe with h.s own inonev; ho
ends with that or bis clients. Th father com
mences with that which he may lawfully
devote to his own recreation; he ends
by denjing food and clothing to
his wife aud children. Slaco It is not tho
proilnceof tbe civil law to make men inter
nally moral, but rather to salegnard the se
curity of bis social rights; s.nce it cannot
effectually appeal to lr.3 conscience but can
shake tb lash over his head, wo have u con
dition which prevtnts a man from exercising
ui3riKms. inis conamon is ca;iea puoiia
policy. Tho law doss not argue that it is
morallylwroug to gamble, but It can and does i
say that gambling acts shall hi punished or
uui, as iuey oppose puono policy or not.
It Is not in tbe province of this paper to
show the folly and dreadful evil of gam
bling as commonly practiced. Tho disturb
ance of social order.tho disturbance of credit,
the foundation of all well-regulated business,
tbe uwlul degradation abd ruin which every
where confront us, warrant all tho laws that
aro one tbe statute books for its repression,
nnd more. Even wero all tbe conditions
present which 'would make wagering lawful,
gambling as an industry would still be an
economic folly. But for tbe most part the poor
dupe, the poor Idiot who imagines he is gam
bling, is simply offerms himself up to be
robbed. He simply has no chance to win, the
dement of chance being eliminated and cer
tain robbery substituted. This is not even
gambling to excess, but Is theft.
Self-sacriflee, says Grant Allen in the Fort
nightly Review, Is Impossible as an aim In it
self; self-development Is possible, reasonable,
and consistent. It is capable of being "a law
to all rational beings." If we all sacrificed
ourselves, habitually and always, the world
would be so much the more wretched in con
sequence; it we all developed ourselves to the
utmost of our ability the world would be so
much the richer and happier.- Unlvefaalself
sacrifloejs a meaningless conception. If one
person sacrifices himself or herself for tbe
sake of another, it Istin order to make tbat
other the happier. And If the other too
lightly accepts tbe sacrifice there 4s wrong
and injustice. Most often, indeed, wo feel
called upon to sacrifice ourselves through
some act of selfish or wrongdoing" on the
f'art of our neighbors. Sacrifice is then in
tself by no meaus a good thing; at best it if
but a pls-aller. It is forced upon us as a bad
necessity by untoward circumstances. If
othets could be as happy without the need for
our sacrificing ourselves we should all be
gainers. But Christianity has so exalted this
false ideal of self-sacriflce as in itself a rood
thing that most people are genuinely shocked
to hear It even called In questioni. They do
not see that they are apologizing for Injustice
and setting up on Impossible and nugatory
standard of moral action. Indeed, they are
afraid to reason upon ethical subjects at all,
less tbeir whole house of cards should come
down about tbeir ears and collapse eternally.
Self-development, on tbo contrary, Is an
aim for all an aim which will mako all
stronger, and saner, and wiser, and better. It
will make each In the end more helpful to
humanity. To be sound In wind and limb,
to bo healthy of body and mind, to be edu
cated, to be emancipated, to be free, to be
beautiful these things are ends toward
wbicli nil should strain, and by attaining
which all are happier in themselves and more
useful to others. Tbat Is the central idea of
the new hedonism. We see clearly that it is
good for every man among us that, he and
every other man should be as tall, as strong,
as well knit, as supple, as wholesome, as
effective, as free from vice or defect as pos
sible. We see clearly that It is his first duty
to mako his own muscles, his own organs,
his own bodily functions as perfect as he can
make them, and to transmit tbem in like per
fection, unspoiled, to his descendants. We seo
clearly that It Is good for every woman among
us that sbo and every other woman should
be ns physically developed and as finely
eauipped for her place as mother as It is pos
sible to make herself. We see that It Is good
for every woman that there should be such
men, and for every man that there sbould be
6uch women. We see It is good for every
child that it sbould be born of such a father
and such a motber. We see tbat to prepare
ourselves for tbe duties of paternity, by mak
ing ourselves as vigorous and healthful as we
can be. Is a duty we all owe to our children
unborn and to one another. We see that to
sacrifice ourselves, and inferentially them, is
not a good thing In itself, but rather a thing
to be avoided where practicable, and only to
bo recommended in the last resort as an un
satisfactory means of escape from graver
evils, we see tuat racn man and eaca woman
hold3 his virility and her feminity In trust
for humanity, and that to play fast and loose
with either, at the bidding of priests or tho
behest of puritans, Is a bad tbing in itself,
and is fraught with danger for the state and
for future generations.
And what is thus true of tbe body corporal
Is true also of the body spiritual. Intellectual,
aesthetic. It Is the duty of every one among
us to develop himself nnd herself to the high
est possible point, freely, In eery direction.
It is our duty to tbink as far as we can think;
to get rid of all dogmas, preconceptions, and
prcjudb-es; to make sure we are not tied by
false fears or vague terrdrsj to examine all
faiths, all beliefs, all fancies, all shibboleths,
political, religious, social, moral. It is our
duty to make ourselves acquainted, as far as
we can, with the universe around us. and
every part of It: to know what is known of
sun, moon, and stars, planet, comet, and
nebula; of beast, bird, and fish, tree, herb,
and fungus; of human origins and human
life; of institutions and laws, the right and
tbe wrong of them. It is our duty to search
and probe into all these things; taking noth
ing for granted, accepting nothing on author
ity; testing all we are told by teacher or
preacher, by priest or savant, by moralist
or schoolmaster. We should each of us ar
rive at a consistent theory of the universe for
ourselves and of our own place in It. By 60
doing not only shall we develop our own in
tellectual selves, but we shall be belter, wiser,
and more useful citizens. We shall know
man's life and tbe state we live in; we shall
know the general trend of human evolution
and wbitberour own community and all others
are tending. We shall be able more surely to
forecast the future, more wisely to. help on
tbe good that comes; to refrain from propping
up tbe evil that is or from obstructing and
retarding tbe better thincs that are to be.
Our self-development will be 10,000 times
more useful to the world at large than any
amount of self-sacriflce to a single Individual.
The matter of divorce, says tbe Chau
tauquan, is assuming large proportions
In this country, and any compari
son of our divorce statistics with
those or other countries is simply appalling.
In Ireland these Is one divorc; to every 10.
000 marriages, thero are ten in France,
thirteen in England, fourteen in Russia,
twenty-eight in Italy, forty-one In Australia,
fifty-four in Belgium, and 113 In Prussian
Germany. In the United States there are
more divorces granted than in all the rest'of
the world combined. The record goes beyond
25.000 annually and the number Is rnpldFy in
creasing. The increase in the number, of
divorces granted in tbo United States in the
twenty j ears ending in 1S66 was 60 per
cent. In the samo percentage of increase
In the number of divorces granted
should continue indefinitely, at the end of
nity years aoout one-lourtn 01 ail marriages
in this country would be annulled by divorce
and 100 jears from now fully one-half of all
marriages would be terminated in tbls wny.
Obviously this is a growing evil. Tbe enact
ment of laws which arc more uniform, and
which will place severe restrictions upon tho
growth of the divorce trade, will undoubtedly
work much good. Tho real remedy, how
eer, must come through tbo moral uplift of
tbe nation nnd tbe acquirement of nn individ
ual spirit which will combat the growth of
tbls pernicious business, for it his already
assumed that status.
Congress Docs Nothing.
So business was transacted in tue Houso
yesterday, although that body was In session
for two hours. Mr. Reed made the point of
no quorum ngolcst a motion to discbarge tho
warrant isued by the Sergeant-at-Arms to ar
ris: members during the light oer tbo con
tested election cases. Several roll-calls were
had, but .1 Democratic quorum rot appearing
nothing was left but nn adjournment. ''
In anjournmg tho House dispensed with tho
eulogies on the life and character of the Into
Senator Gibson, of Louisianu, whish were set
f 'r to-uay.
.V Reverend Pension Swindler.
Tho Tension Bureau was notified yesterday
that Rov. C.W. Lewis, of Chattanooga, Tenn.,
' has been sentenced to tbe pe s mtiary for
, twenty-eight years lor violations of pension
I laws, and tbatniue other claimants In pension
1 casc in tbat vicinity havo been sentenced to
one and two years eaen. It Is said tbat there
is no pens on law that has not been violated
by tats clerical pension attorney.
NOTES FKOM SENATE AND HOL'SE.
Mr. IloSman, chairman of the Democratic cau
cus, has calleJ a raeelin? of th Democrat!'!
mrmlets tor Tucsda; evening, April 10, "to
consider questions of finance now pending."
Representative Caldwell, of Ohio, the newly
elected mayor ot Cincinnati, who returned to
th s city yejtorday, says tbat he will resign bis
seat in tho ilouka to take c3cct -May 4, he ha Ing
arranged with Mayor Meshy to retain charge
until tbat date.
Tbe case of Carroll L Klker, of Chicaco, who
seeks a maudamus to compel the Secretary of
the Treasury to Issue all or port ot the 50,u00,eoa
bond issue to him. will probiblr be beard In tbe
courl 0I aVPeals a tl0 ""- Pa ' ,f ;
Ccncressmcn Uuatner. Ten-v. and C. W. Stone
left Tor. Milwaukee last night 10 conduct tbe In
vestigation of tbe anti-strike decisions ot Judge
Jenkins; at the same lime ltepresentatlve Bank
bead's special committee to exa.ulne tbe con
dition of tbe Chicago post offlce left for Chicago.
Secretary Carlisle was at the Capitol for a
short time yesterday, and was in conference with
Senators Gorman nnd L'ockrell, his visit being
supposed to bo connected with tbe work of tbe
Joint committee which has in band the bill (or
the reorganization of tbo Treasury Department.
Senator Mltcholl, ot Oregon, yesterday intro
duced a bill to define the crimes of murder In tbe
first and second degree and manslaughter and
rape, mutiny, and desertion, and providing pun
ishment therefor, and abolishing the death
penalty for all other crimes but murder, rape,
desertion, and mutiny.
1 he Senate bill to Inaugurate civil service ex
aminations "in tbe diplomatic and consular
sen ice, docs not meet with favor.among mem
bers 'of the Foreign Affairs Committee, the
feeling toward tbe proposition betnz such among
theso who would have it in charge in tbe House
tbat there is no possibility of Its being favorably
Senator Harris, of the Senate Committee on
Floance, said yesterday tbat it was his purpose
as an Individual Senator to make an effort to
bave tbe tariff bill made the regular order In tbe
Senate Monday and for every day following,
after the disposal of tbe routiae morning busi
ness, and to have the Senate sit every day ot the
week until 6 o'clock In the evening for the con
sideration ot tbe bill
Stockholders ot The Washwotos Tncis
are Informed tbat an important meeslng will
be held at Typographical TempWat 3 o'clock
p. m. to-day. Every stockholder should be
By order of the board ot directors.
Tnos. A. MrrcBxii,
GOOD FOR SILVER.
Repeal of the State Bank Tax Will In
crease tbe Demand.
Bepresentativa Bland discredits the report
that the caucus on the stato bank question
will bave tbe effect of retarding silver legis
lation, Mr. Bland Is one of the signers of the
request for a caucus. It has been asserted
that if the tax on state bank issues were once
removed the paper money issued by these
basks would be so abundant that tbe popular
demand for more silver would end.
Mr. Bland says, on the contrary, that the
repeal of tbe state bank tax will increase, in
stead of decreasing, tbe demand for silver.
"The state banks will need cola to support
their issues," said he. "and silver will be
naturally selected as the hacking for state
bank currency. The repeal of tbo state bonk
tax will, therefore, bo helpful to silver."
A bill, which it Is claimed meets In largo
art the objections stated by President Clevel
and to the Bland seigniorage bill, was to-day
introduced by Representative Meyer (Demo
crat, of Louisiana). It provide for the coin
ace o( standard silver dollars and for the issue
of new bonds in lieu of bonds heretofore au
thorized. The bill repeals such portion of
tho resumption act of 1875 as anthorizes the
issue of 4, i)4, and 5 per cent, bonds. In
lieu of these tbe Secretary of the Treasury is
authorized to sell bonds ot 620 and multiples
thereof, payable in coin after five years, bear
ing Interest not exceeding 3 per cent.
The Secretary of the Treasury is also author
ized to coin into standard silver dollars 42,660,
215 fine ounces of silver bullion and Issue
slher certificates on this coin.
National banks are given power to deposit
silver certificates in tbe Treasury and issue
Treasury certificates therefor.
PBNSIOK CLAIM FRAUDS,
Attorneys to be Required to Report on
Applications Every Three Months.
Representative Broderick, of Kansas, has
Introduced In the House a resolution requir
ing attorneys and claim agents having offices
in Washington and who prosecute claims for
pensions to advise each of the claimants
every three months as to tho condition of his
or her claim.
A preamble to the resolution recites that
many attorneys and claim agents having
offices and doing business hero bave solicited
npplications for pensions by circular letters
and otherwise from soldiers and others sup-
.,,.! ,.,. i. t,i . . .i .S a
that their business was located In Washing-
ton, where they could have ready access to
tbe records nnd flies of the claims; that hun-
dredsoi thousands of claims have been so-
cured through these representations, together
witn a contract lor tbe largest fee allowed by
law for such services, and that it is truthfully
alleged by many claimants that some of these
attorneys and agents neglect and refuse to as
sist In preparing evidence or give any Infor
mation whatever relating to their claims.
CHINESE TREATY DISCUSSED.
Western Senators Oppose it and Want
Discussion in Open Session.
In the executive sessionof the Senato yester
day tbe Chinese treaty was tho principal mat
ter discussed. Senator Morgan spoke in
extenso on the subject, urging the wisdom of
taking some step, to Improve our social and ;
commercial relations with tbe Chinese em
pire. He stated that he was quito in sym-
J athy with all movements to keep cheap
abor out of the country, but he did not be
lieve the proposed treaty would bave the
effect other benitors attributed to It.
The Senators from tbe Pacific Slope, Includ
ing Perkins of California. Stewart of Colo-
rado, and Mitchell of Oregon, were all
bitterly opposed to it, and urged tbat the
Senate sessions ou the subject should be pub
lic, in order that tho country might know
before the adoption of tbe treaty just what
their fellow-citizens -on the western coast
thought of It.
Senators Gray and Palmer both spoke
bricfiy in favor ot the treaty.
PROBABLY ANOTHER BILL.
Parliamentary Bering Sea .Measure Has
Since Been Amended.
Senator Morgan explained in the Senate
yesterday a dispatch published in the papers,
purporting to give a portion of the Bering
sea bill recently passed by parliament, to
which his attention had been drawn by Sena
tor Hoar. Tbe effect of this legislation would
be to exempt from tho penalty ot seizure and
confiscation a cumber of Canadian sealing
vessels which sailed for tbe sealing grounds
before the passage of tbe act of parliament.
Senator Morgan In reply related the circum
stances which led up to the tri unal of nrbl
tration, iuJ asserted tbat the net as outlined
in the dispatches did not conform to tbe
spirit of tbe award of that tribunal. He be
lieved, however, that the bill spoken of in
the dispatch was one which had been with
drawn fiom parliament by Sir Charles
Russell becausesorne of its provisions were
objectionablo to the government.
Commodore Ramsay Opposed to Abolish
ing Tv o Grades in the Navy.
Representative U. S. Hall, of Missouri,
made an argument before tbe joint Senato
nn-l Unnan -rtr tilttn. fn thi. Tpr-snn?il nf t!,
" . . . ,, , A. . -. I
navy yesterday in behalf of tbo staff officers '
ot the navy. He objected to the word "rela
tive" In tho N'avy Department bill now before
tbe committee as applying to the rank of
staff officers, and advocated an amendment
giving them absolute rank.
Commodore Ramsay was again before the
comnutteo and closed his testimony. He
nUo desires to bave the bill amended so as to
retain tbe offices now provided for. The bill
abolishes the rank of commodore and idso
that of lieutenant commander. Commodore
Ramsay thinks this a mistake, as the more
grades there aro tho more frequent the ex
aminations will bo, and he believes tbat fre
quent examinations promote efficiency.
'.Mr. Cleveland's Clemency.
The President has pardoned Hnttie Strat
ton, convicted in Washington of opium smug
gling, and has reduced to ninety days the sen
tence of five months' imprisonment imposed
upon Georga Barber, convicted In tho Dis
trict of Columbia of violation of the policy
Six Baths a Day.
A family lives out in Oregon which has a
peculiar religions faith. Each member of it
takes six baths every twenty-four hours. No
outsider is allowed to enter their dwelling.
Tnoy work etery day for six years, and then
abstain Irom labor all through the seventh
Odd Items from All About.
The river Thames pours 40,000,000 cubic
feet into the sea every hour.
Over 3,000 Hindoo temples In India are sup
ported entirely by charitable donations.
The expansion of water In congelation 13.1
sucn tbat eleven ieet oi water make twelve
feet of ico.
One ot the largest hospitals in the world is
the Misericordla of Bio Janeiro. It receives
annually over 13,000 patients.
Daring the reign of Elizabeth no less than
233 English writers appeared, nearly all ot
whom possessed unusual excellence.
It Is estimated tbat over 3.000,000 of our
population are In annual need ot and actually
receive some kind of charitable assistance.
One ot the old Greek laws provided that if
a man divorced bis wife he could not marry
a woman younger than tbe discarded partner.
Mrs. Mackay, the silver king's wife, has
perhaps tbe finest jewels in the world. She
has a sapphire worth $150,000 and a pair of
aoUtaires valued at 8425,000.
Tho largest building stones ore those used
in tbe cyclopean walls of Baalbec in Syria.
Some of these measure sixty-three feet in
length by twenty-six In breadth, and aro of
TO BREAK WITH DEMOCRACY 4 J
Congressmen Only Waiting for the
Tocsin Call to Desert.
THERE WILL BE A NEW PARTY
Its Basio Principles Will Lean Toward Sil-
rar and Its If embers Hope to 7wa 'WaU
Street With a United Soth and West
Personnel of the Movement.
There is a good deal of gossip In the Houm
cloak rooms, as well as around the borders of
tbe Senate, about the formation ot a new
party, chiefly in the South now, but partly in
It has" been well known for a long time that
tho West and tho South both have been grow
ing more and more dlscontended with the
attitude of both the old parties toward Wall
street and tbo money power, as it has been
The sliver men of tho West especially havo
talked about tbe formation of a new party,
and tbat was one of tbe alleged objects ot the
conference ot western Governors held not
The Idea took a strong hold in many quar
ters, as It was easily to bo seen that in many
Important regards, especially financial ones,
tbo interests of the West aud South did not
seem any longer identical with those of tho
Now the gcs3iphas broken out again, but it
relates chiefly to a movement supposed to
have been growing considerably in strength
In the southern States. There Is no question
that tbe silver sentiment Is just as strong in
the South as in tbe West, and certainly the
demand for money, of whatever kind, is quite
as strong in that region.
This, indeed, is one of the chief, if not the
chief, causa of the almost general demand all
through the South for tbe removal of the tax
upon state bank issues, although the silver
question may be the chief thing at issue, as
statt bank tar repeal Is called for by many
northern people and even many of the bank
ers of the north.
This general spirit of dissatisfaction witr
both the old parties tbat has been so notice
able In tbe West and the South now finds fre
quent expression in the utterances it not In
'tho determination "of certain Senators and
Senator Morgan,- of Alabama, ba3 fre-
quenuy Men spoken ot as almost a populist,
! and is, perhaps, the most desirable candidate,
taking the whole country, for the Pomilists to
nominate in '98. Mr. Morgan, whife a silver
ISanD,, y?Pathlzer ln, ihcr aspects with
' e .pPnU?,tI m,1TT-ment. ha3 ho,7,ey,er' he!?
steadily to his old DemocraUc affiliations. It
is not likely tbat he is any nearer to an open
rupture witn ico administration ana tne
Democratic party now than ever.
His Nlcaragua'n canal scheme requires that
he sbould not be, but it is not to be doubted
tbat he is growing more end more dissatis
fied with the general condition of things
within tbe ranks of his own party, and it is
thought that he may yet before Ions publicly
In front ot tbe new movement is possibly to
be placed Senator Irby, of South Carolina.
He is a Populist already, to be sure, but he is
not contented with that distinction merely,
but Is working actively among his southern
friends In tho Senate to see If others will not
break away from tbe party of Cleveland and
It Is likely that Coke, of Texas, Is prepared
be sai i of Pugh. of Alabama, whose antago
nism to the President has been perhaps more
violent tnon tbat ot any other southern Sena
tor. It Is possible tbat Senator George, of
Mississippi, muy Join tbe movement, and it Is
almost certain that Senator McLaurin, ot
Mississippi, will be good game for the new
combination to bag after be has been a mem-
ber of the Senate a little longer. Mr. Mc-
Laurin bos been understood to be a Hill man
Here, then, are five or six southern Sena
tors, and naturally twice or three times
that number of southern Representatives
would fall into lino without much trouble,
who are dissatisfied enough with tbe admin
istration and with the Democratic party,
which at present seems to be tbe same thing,
that they are almost prepared to break away
It is not known yet, of course, what tho at
titude of Senator Walsh, of Georgia, may ba.
Though a protectionist und a Hill man, it is
doubtful If he would feel Inclined before ho
has really beun to go alone in tbe Senate to
join the combination.
It will naturally suggest itself that this
marked tendency among southern Senators
to look for something new in the way of party
affiliations has been instigated secretly, if not
openly, by a Democratic Senator or two. who
may be as slick a citizen a3 Senator Hill, of
New York, or Mr. Gorman, of Maryland.
These gentlemen have no use, to adopt a com
mon expression in politics, for the adminis
tration, and they don't like to see the Demo
cratic party confused so generally with the
administration, as they tbink tho two are dis
similar and separate In the present Instance.
Whether Senator Hill Inspires this depart
ure or not is not material at tho present
time, however. There is no question that the
Xew York Senator has Presidential asplra
tions.and there is no doubt that he enjoys the
friendship of a great many southern members
It 13 true tbat the same may be said of Vice
President Stevenson, but to nil appearances
be is still a Democrat, a part ot the adminis
tration, without, however, sharing In any ot
its objectionable features, nnd enjoying the
friendship of tbe silver contingent of the
Democratic party, and especially of the
southern contingent, where he has so many
relations and where he has been received so
times with frlendshio and admiration.
many times with friendship and admiration.
It is not likely that the Vice President can
participate, therefore, In any movement to
lorm a new party, but it does not follow that
the new party would not ultimately support
him for the Presidency.
SUICIDE OF A DOG.
Ono St. Bernard that Preferred Death to
Ills Master's Absence.
Most Claie, X. J., April 7. Tho stran
gest suicide on record happened here yester
day. It was that of a St. Bernard dog. It
seems to havo been a case of deliberate sui
cide. Kot long since Rev. Father J. M. Mendl, of
the Church of the Immaculate Conception,
started on his European trip, leaving his pet
dog, a St. Bernard, behind. He left explicit
instructions as to tne earn ol bis dog, wmca
he valued highly. Upon discovering that his
master was gone the dog began to raiso
trouble. He searched the entire neighbor
hood and took little trips on the outside in
quest for his beloved master. He visited all
tbe residences In the parish which the priest
was in the habit of visiting.
The dog S mind evidently received the Idea
that life was not worth living. In direct line
with this reasoning the brute deliberately
threw himself In front of a Delaware, Lacka
wanna and Western train. The engine struck
him and tossed him high in tbo air, breaking
one of his hips, and hurting him so terriblj
that he had to bo shot to death.
The New Hampshire Senators hip.
From Senator Cnandler's Concord Monitor.
It may or may not bo wise for the Republl.
cans of "ew Hampshire to send Mr. Blair to .
tbe Senate as Mr. Chandler's successor. But
tbe assaults which certain New York paper
are making upon him aro grievously unjust,
and ought to be condemned by all fair jour
nalists. Mr. Blair in his whole career as a
Representative and Senator has labored for
the elevation of humanity with a zeal and
earnestness born ouly of sincere conviction.
When he left the Senate he carried with blm
the true friendship and the unalloyed respect
of every one of his associates, many of whom
bad served with him during tne twelve years
of hU labors in that body.
No human being who knows Mr. Blair
thorougblyvbas any feelings toward blm but
those of kindness and affection, and whether
he continues iu publlo life or retires there-
from, be can afford to disregard tbe slurs and
gibes of Irresponsible newspaper critics, who
do not appreciate because they do not un
derstand the full value of Mr. Blair's service
In the causes ot temperance, education, and
labor, and for tbe soldiers ot tbe Union army,
among whom he ranks as one ot the bravest
and most patriotic?