Newspaper Page Text
THE TVASHIKGTO TIMES, STTNIDAY, APRIL 8, 1894.
The Washington Times
(Every Day In tho Year)
OWXED A5D ISSUED BT
The nshington Times
Tailor: MARSHALL CCSHINQ;
Citr Editor: EMORY FOSTER.
Office: HLTCUINS BUILDING,
CcrxEB Tenth and D Stkeets NOETBvnsT.
Telephone Editorial Rooms, 337-3.
Business Offlce, 337-2.
Price, Datlr Edition. One Cent
Sunday Edition Fire Cents.
By carriers, by the week Ten Cents.
WASHINGTON, D. C, APRIL 8, 1801.
Stockholders of The Washington Times
are informed that an important meeting will
be he'd at Typographical Temple at 3 o'clock
p. m. to-day. Every stockholder should bo
By order, of the board of directors.
Thos. A. Mitchell,
Weather for To-day.
For the District of Columbia and Maryland,
threatening weather, with light rain; clearing
during the day; variable wind9. Virginia,
local rain in northwest; fair in southeast
portion; varlablo winds; slightly cooler in
af a- "O -go
morrow's "Times" J
.uonaays, inu luur-puyw
Times, will be the
brightest and newsiest
Not betler-tban to-day's,
Eat best of tho four-pago
It will bo complete and
strong, an omen of
Its strength and versa
tility on the next day
and the next.
9 Add One New ; - 9
5UDSGriD3r, tverynoay, ?
Everybody Will Thank You.
D3tl o & C 6
tuey had nrrrrER keep hands orr.
It is perfectly proper and business-like for
the 'Washington Post, a journal edited by
masters of the editorial and business arts, to
distribute free copies of their paper at tho
doors of all who havo chosen during tte last
three week3 to subscribe to The Trans in
preference to its larger and more expensive
. but no more esteemed morning contemporary.
The Times Is usually one-half as large as the
Pest; but many of its admiring subscribers,
Who have taken it in preference to tho Post,
declare that it takes them twice as long to
read it. The Times is perfectly willing to
bring itself in free competition with a fair,
above-board rival like this one. If the Attest
only must survive let it be that way; but per
hapsboth wilL Certainly the stockholders of
the Post deserve a living as much as the stock
holders of The Times.
In the case or the Washington Evening
News, however, it is a different question. A
solicitor for that paper stated, yesterday with
mendacious disregard for decency that The
Tis:es wasn't going, that the intended ictim
has better subscrib for tho News, etc., etc.
This was the talk in substance. It may havo
been the fiction of the canvasser himself. If
so, his ignorance possibly excuses him. But
it may havo been a performance under the
direction of one of tho numerous persons now
attempting to conduct that paper. If so, we
want to say that it will bo best for that paper
and for everybody connected with it to keep
bauds off The Tihes. This paper will take its
chances anywhere; but it will not turn the
other cheek. It will fight. It has weapons.
It is young and healthy.
The survival of tho ilttest Involves a com
plexity of factors. The appetite of the publio
is one of these. Great capital may be squan
dered by a very poor journal. A largo capital
is mrny times an acknowledged weakness.
But thought and will creato everything, even
capital sometimes; and tho combined thought,
effort, and will of the projectors and owners
of The Times i3 as tho voice of one deter
mined mind. Success is tho only word that
expresses it alL
THE CHINESE TREATY.
Tho.recent Chinese treaty
is only another attempt on
MemekkoP the part of the ndmlnl6tra-
Co.vcr.ESs fbom t'on ' P'ace at deilanco the
public sentiment ot the coun
Obeoon. trv,md indirectly to nullify
the exclusion laws. These laws were violated
by the Executive In his refusal to executo them,
even after their constitutionality had been
affirmed by the Supreme Court. Then Con
gress extended the time for registration and
reaffirmed tho determination of the people
for the exclusion of Chinese. Now comes
this treaty in the face ot congressional legis
lation, and, as If in rebuke, extends and en
larges the privileges which Congress restricts.
To permit th( return to a registered China
man who pretends to have a wife, or prop
erty, or debts in tho United States is most
None know this better than the people of
the Pacific Coast. Tho courts every day wit
ness tho most wanton perjury by witnesses
testifying to marriages with Chinese women.
It is practically impossible for the govern
ment to negative such proof. Easier still is it
possible to smuggle Into the country on the
perjured showing as to indebtedness. Among
that peoplo there Is no onth where exclusion
laws stand In the way. With equal facility
can the laborer before leaving our country
file with the customs collector a description
of his family, or property, or debts. Tho re
turn certificate, too, having performed its ser
vice, can bo returned by mail to China and
again be used by another, unless some photo
graphic check accompanies it to identity the
Uaborcr with the certificate. This certiflcato
is not delivered up to the customs office and'
held by him, but the treaty merely requires
that it shall be "produced" to the officer.
A greater abuse than all will be in the privi
lege accorded teachers, students, merchants,
or travelers coming to tho United
States and residing therein upon their
"producing a certificate Irom their govern
ment:" This very easy to obtain, and it is
equally uy to havo th-S visod by the United
8tates consular or diplomatic representa
tives. They do not know whether tho appli
cant is n "teacher, student, merchant or trav
eler." No investigation is prescribed to as
certain such fact. Any quantity of these peo
ple may merely assert themselves to belong
to these classes and then obtain the coveted
certificate from the indifferent Chinese offi
cials, and after landing in onr country, we
soon behold tho "teacher, student or mer
chant," working in tho mines, at the mills,
and in tho factories. Without tho photo
graphic feature and great care in certifying
as to the occupation the treaty is a farce, a
delusion, and a fraud on American labor,
and a studied nullification of the exclusion
laws of Congress. Brxatn Hiumaxn.
DONT LAUGH AT COXEY.
The Tikes took occasion in one of its earli
est issues to express the belief that the
Coxey movoment, so called, the march of tho
10,000 or the 1,000 or the 100 to Washington,
was not to be cried down; for the simple rea
son, if they have no other, that it repre
sented, and truly, an incalculable amount of
discontent, if not of danger, in this country.
Tho Coxey army, so called, is apparently
meeting with difficulties, is apparently draw
ing to itself hardly any new recruits, but it is
drawing some and it may draw others. If it
should be a thousand it might easily be two
or five. If It should be five it might easily bo
ten. Suppose It were to be ten thousand.
We could hardly police tho city if these men
became disorderly, which Drobably they
would not. We could hardly support them
in idleness: and we might better say that wo
are sorry that such an illustration of tho pub
lic discontent is much to bo deplored, and not
that wo must not weicomo these men and
that they shall not be received here.
Shall not tho students of economy and the
law-makers, who are not, perhaps, expected
to bo students of economy, inquire what tho
real troublo is in this broad laud? Shall they
never address themselves to a real solution ot
this national difficulty? Shall they not talk
out, even if tho newspapers will not, about
the real causes of this national distress?
HITS OR .MISSES.
Joe Howard remarks that it is to bo said in
excuse for Hon. Tim Campbell that ho nover
travels in private cars.
"The putting of tho typewriter on the mar
ket was a great service to American humor.
It mado tho lady typewriter possible," Eras
Of course, Hon. Pat Walsh will call upon
Hon. Hoke Smith tho first thing and express
his appreciation of Mr. Smith's present and
It would seem as it there ought to bo some
way to bring out into use the $31,003,000
lying idle in tho New York banks.
My! But think what a narrow escape the
typewriter girl had who took tho now famous
Tho Union Pacific receivers ask for salaries
of only $18,000.
It wont be much of a journey for Hon.
Patrick Walsh unless newspaper bulletins ot
his progress are sent to The Times with
Congressman Whiting, of Michigan, is de
termined to take somo of the vanity out of
the Dickensonlan side whiskers.
Pity, not Mr. Breckinridge, but the poor
It has not been observed that Mr. P.eed did
anything yesterday to promote his Presiden
Hon. Joseph Choato is at the Arlington
looking fairly well considering that his pic
ture has lately been distributed by Town
It is now rumored that Mrs. Lease started
tho story that she had ridden the Masonic
goat merely for advertising purposes.
Queen Lil wants a pension; and possibly if
Is on account of her disability to be queen.
It is remarked by the Chicago Dispatch
that It is Patti who has relieved the financial
stringency by going home.
Governor Tillman would havo us under
stand that he is no bartenderfoot.
Tbero is an Illinois man who has gone
Insane over Lillian Russell; and this Illinois
man is surely to be congratulated.
LET IT nE AMOS.
Wo have before us a letter of Hon. Oliver
Sumner Teal, who seems to be chairman of
the executive committee of tho Horace Gree
ley statue committee, in which it appears
that 32.E00 is yet required before decoration
day in order to proceed with the statue, or
possibly to proceed with the payment for It,
"Will you generously be one of the first fifty,"
Mr. Teall's circular inquires, "to subscribe
S10 each to tho amount?" And it is further
suggested, for the benefit ot all subscribers,
that their names will be printed in the New
Tork papers as fast as they fall into lino. Mr.
Teall would also like to know who would be
a good canvasser among those hateful west
ern Congressmen, who have taken Horace
Greeley's now celebrated advice.
There is only one person suitablo for a task
like this. It is true, as Mr. Teall says in his
circular, that "these are hard times to raise
money for a statue or for anything else;" but
thero is a man, a member ot the House, who
can do a thing like this in theso hard times.
It is Hon. Amos Cummings, of New York.
Mr. Cummings, besides being Chairman ot
the Naval Affairs Committee and having his
hatches fastened down and an anchor hard to
windward, is also "Our Amos." This indi
cates that be is poDUlnr. Ho could solicit
subscriptions for tho Horace Grcely statue
with special propriety; ho was onco a printer
himself. He never went West to grow up
with tho country, to be sure, but ho stayed
East and grew up with the country.
Let Hon. Amo3 Cummings bo chosen to
solicit subscriptions for the Horace Greeley
statue Onlyt2,C00 are needed. There is
hardly a western Congressman who wouldn't
have 810 easily at band; and better than all,
Hon. Oliver Sumner Teall is the chairman of
It is mentioned in many of the papers now
as a "matter of great curiosity that the num
ber of marriage licenses issued in Chicago
now exceed the number of divorce decrees.
A Portland (Me.) clergyman has been
charged with playing ball and cards and
with painting tho town red, but bis flock
stand by him.
It is rumored that Mr. Cleveland will
appoint Hon. Charles H. T. Taylor over
CcLBreekluridge is uncertain when he will
take his seat in Congress again, and so is
Admiral Walker is now on the deep Pa
cific; not below, for the gentle zephyrs ara
Senator Hoar: Dollar bills are not so good
for use in Alabama as (2 bills.
Needn't laugh about Pennoyer. He may be
a Senator some day.
The .Chicago Times calls it a case ot self-defense,
the case of the saloon keeper who
stabbed a man becauso he persisted in ting
ing Atter the BalL"
Hon. Jerry Simpson doesn't think it a bit
funny that the Coxy army should be bring
ing 03 pairs of sox in this direction.
CLOAK ROOM AND GALLERY.
The Republicans in Congress are becoming
more jubilant every day over the Increasing
prospects of Democratlo collapse throughout
the country in tho Fall. Joo Walker, of Mas
sachusetts, is out with predictions, and says
he charges nothing for them cither. He ex
pects a Republican majority ot two. to. one in
tho next Congress, and declares that the Pop
ulists will be nearly equal in number to tho
Democrats. It is quite hard to convince Jlr.
Walker that there are any Democrats at all in
the country now. He puts the probable pro
portions of the three parties in the next
House at 5, 3, 2, Republicans, Democrats, and
Mr. Walker has recently mode some tariff
addresses in the west at" Louisville, Cincin
nati, and St. Louis. He says he wanted to go
to. Chicago, but was afraid ,ho was too well
W. J. Thompson tho Duke of Gloucester
was in town less than forty-eight hours ago.
He came here, so rumor says, to do his best
to prevent the confirmation of Mr. Dougherty,
thereoently-appointcd postmaster at Hadden
fleld, near tho Gloucester track, and he 'will
succeed, adds rumor. The "Duko's" move
ments are similar in secresy to certain Arabs
celebrated in poetry, who carried their tents
with them anil did not havo a herald to an
nounce their coming or departure.
On this occasion he registered at no hotel,
and probably not three persons knew of his
coming. But that is what tho Duke rejoices
and prides himself in.
Judge Bayers, of Texas, is rejoicing over a
fall ot tour inches ot rain along the Rio
Grande. It is a great grazing country, and
four inches ot rain make it a paradise.
Speaking of tho development of Texas, Judge
Sayers says tho Rock Island extension to Tort
Worth will be a great benefit to his stato and
add materially to its growth in prosperity and
Representative Diinphy, tho vigorous and
Independent New York Congressman, is hope
ful for speedy notion on his New York and
New Jersey bridge bill. Ho will ask for
unanimous consent to tako it up, probably on
Talking ot tho union of New York and
Brooklyn, Mr. Dunphy said he hoped and be
lieved that such a union would shortly be ac
complished. Ho thinks tho difference In the
rate ot taxes in the two municipalities it
something that must bo considered carefully
before anything can bo done, and declares
that In Brooklyn tho assessments are 0 per
cent, higher than In New York, while the
taxes in the latter are SO per cent, lower.
Tho final adjustment of this question must bo
accomplished before consolidation will be
There is considerable talk among tho Now
Jersey delegation over the question of Senator
Mcpherson's return. The present outlook is
vory unfavorable to the Democrats, and when
the new election for tho legislature is had
matters are bound to be still worse. Tho
senior New Jersey Senator was the succeesor
of tho late Frederick T. Frelingbuysen, Presi
dent Arthur's Secretary of State, and ha3 oc
cupied his seat in the Senato for three terms,
and has been regarded as a very useful man
by his colleagues. If he is defeated, it is said
that William Walter Phelps, ex-member ot
Congress, ex-minister to Vienna, to Berlin,
the late Mr. Blaine's prospective Secretary of
State, etc., etc., is likely to be his successor.
Mr. Phelps Is not overfond ot his present po
sition as lay judgH in New Jersey, and will
doubtless be glad to get back into national
politics it he can get tho chance.
Lafo Pence thinks he has discovered in tho
late W. D. Kelly, of Pennsylvania, who earned
tho title of tho Fatner of tho Honso, the
founder and high priest ot populism. . He had
yesterday a yellow-covered pamphlet con
taining n speech of tho great Pennsylv anion
delivered in Philadelphia at the request ot
numerous prominent citizens way back in
187G, with which he intended to havo Senator
Peffer adorn his installment speech. Several
passages of it did sound mighty like popu
lism, so wo may hear of Mr. Kelly becoming
to that party what Jefferson is to the Demo
crats, or Washington, Hamilton, or Webster
to the Republicans.
At a recent political dinner in this city
Vice-President Stevenson was one ot tho
guests, and got off another one ot his Black
burn stories, which he told about as follows:
A duel was about to be fought in the state of
Kentucky for reasons all sufficient to tho code
of honor which exists in that state, and ho
was selected by one of the combatants for his
second. The two principals seconds adjourned
at about 7 o'clock in the morning to a secluded
spot in the woods and preparations were
begun for the tragedy, each second giving full
instruction; to his principal.
At thi3 stage of the story every one had
stopped eating, and a silence pervaded tho
room, only broken by knives ana forks.
"Well," said one of tho auditors to the Vice
President, "go on with tho story."
"Oh, there is no more," replied Mr. Steven
son. "At 9 o'clock that night Joe Blackburn
was still talking."
WORKERS IN THE VINEYARD,
Business Transacted by the .Maryland
Tho fourth day's session of the Maryland
conference of tho Methodist Protestant
Church was called to order yesterday morn
ing by the president, Rev. J. D. Kinzer. A
decided decrease in the attendance was
noticeable, but notwithstanding this there
were a number of important matters brought
up and disposed of.
Upon the call of stnndlng committees tho
report ot tho committee on superannuated
claimants was submitted, recommending an
assessment of S4.0C0 for tho ensuing year.
The faculty of instruction present its report
and recommended that four ministers be
ordained, five received into tbo itinerancy, two
continue in tho hands of tho president and
six applicants be placed in his bands.
Rev. Dr. Gilbert, secretary of the American
Society of Religious Education, was Intro
duced. Ho extended an invitation to the con
ference to attend tho anniversary of that so
ciety in the First Congregational church to
A breezy rebuke was administered to tho
meinlers ot the conference at this juncture by
President Kinzer, who reprimanded them for
neglecting the coaffrentlal work by such a
slim attendance. He did not approve of- the
aisembling on tbo sidewalk in front ot tho
church smoking and conversing while busi
ness of special interest to them was being dis
cussed inside. Such conduct would bring dis
credit upon the good name of tho conference.
Tho committee on general home missions
rend its report, recommending on assessment
of 2 ,000 lor tbo next year.
Rev. Benjamin Stout, corresponding secre
tary of tho board of homo missions, mane an
address before tLo conference, and brought
tidings of good cheer from thousands ot
Methodist Protestant church members in
various parts of tho country.
Tho corresponding secretary ot tho board
of ministerial education. Dr. J. C. Berrion,
addressed the conference upon the importance
of the work with which ho was connected.
Officers of the Superannuated Fund Society
were re-elected. Dr. J. T. Murray, chairman
ot the board of managers, presented tho
annual report of the condition and work ot
. After tho adjournment at 12.30, tho mem
bers ot the conference, in chargo of the com
mittee on reception arrangements, numbering
ovef 2S0, left tho Congress-street church for
tho White House. They were received by
President Cleveland in tho east room, and
were presented by Rov. J. D. Kinzer, who
prefaced the introduction with a brief address.
The conference will resume its session Mon
day morning at 9 o'clock.
Minister Thurston and His Bride.
Mr. Thurston, the Hawaiian minister, and
h'ls bride arrived in Washington yesterday.
Tho minister came here to put the affaire ot
the legation 4n order and tum them over to
Mr. Hastings, who will act as charge d'affaires
during Mr. Thurston's absence. He will
leave Washington to-day for San Francisco,
'find take the steamer there next Saturday for
Hawaii, expecting to return to Washington in
Killed By ri Premature Blast.
Pittsbcbo, Pa., April 7. Twenty tons ot
rock and dirt hurled into the air by. a prema
ture blast of powder at Brlnton, Pa., to-day
buried and killed three men, severely injured
four others, and bruised and cut ten. Tho
dead are all Austrian laborers.
BETWEEN YOU AND ME.
The ruling of the United States court at
Chicago, that the whisky trust is an unlaw
ful organization, will prove anything but com
forting to Senator Voorhees, its great cham
pion in Congress. The Senator bos always
declared the whisky trust to be the one
grcnt charitable combine in the country,
seeking only the country's good. Tho sugar
trust is the wicked combine.
Senators Vest and Jones are disposed to re
sent the talk of Senator Brlce that they, rep
resenting two unimportant slates, had taken
tho Wilson bill off into a secret chamber,
where they set about the work of doctoring
tho bill to suit their own notions without re
gard to the interests of the great states ot
Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York, and that
he, after a consultation with the President,
proceeded to smoko them out. Had the Ohio
Senator made this talk before the Ohio ap
pointments were confirmed at least two of
his Democratic colleagues would have been
found objecting to their consideration. Sen
ator Brlce says ho will vote ngainst the in
come tax feature, but declines to give nny
positive ossuranco as to what be will do in
case the tax is retained In the bill. He does
not like tbo outlook in Ohio since the recent
elections, and among his intimate friends is
endeavoring to put the blame on the Presi
dent. Ho freely admits that Ohio can no
longer be classed as doubtful, and very much
fears that none of tho other northern states
can bo classed that way.
Several Democratic membera of the House
were yesterday discussing tho recent elections
nnd making calculations as to bow tbo par
ties would stand in tho next House. As tbey
ditcussed probabilities, one of tbem took pen
cil and paper and figured up that tho Repub
licans would control, over Democrats and
Populists combined, by at least flfty-flvo ma
jority, and tbat the Populists would bold tho
Democrats a very closo race for second place.
As to tho revision of tho tariff, tboy felt sure
it would boimpossiblo to get tho bill finally
passed so as to becomo operative before the
1st of August, and tbat the change In busi
ness methods mado necessary to adjust busi
ness to the new order of things would tempo
rarily increase tho hard times, and tho people
would not be able to realize any benefit from
tbo law until too late to have any influence
on the election.
Speaker Crisp bos been showing consider
able asccrbity of temper during the last few
days, and Reed, Boutelle, and others on the
Republican side of the chamber are likely to
have tbo reins drawn tighter on them than
ever. The Republicans do not like tho out
look, nnd as some of them havo pet measures
pending thoy are beginning to consider if it
would not be wiser to get on better term3
"with Mr. Crisp.
The Republicans nre expecting rare fun
noxt Monday, when Senator Hill takes a tilt
at the tariff bill. They anticipate that the
New Y'ork Senator will tell some ugly facts as
to bow some of the amendments made by the
Finance Committee were brought about. It
is not thought ne will attack the administra
tion directly, but ns a tariff measure Is a
necessity for tbo success of Mr. Cleveland's
administration, by attacking it ho will dam
ago the administration in Us most vulnerable
point. Ue will attack the Finance Committee
for turning the work of revising tho bill over
to three men who do not represent manufact
uring states, and nil pay his respects to tho
A number ot Congressmen who are anxious
to retain their seats in tho halls of legislation
are finding that post offices are a most dan
gerous thing to handle. One who has been
studying the field says that there are at least
seventy-five Democratic members who will be
defeated for rcnominatlon because of dissat
isfaction over tho distribution of the patron
age in their districts. Their troubles call to
mind the remark on that subject made by
Gen. Harrison when he was u member of the
Senate. He said there was no explosive sub
stance known to science halt as destructive as
a few country post offices to a pohticlan; that
more than halt the politicians who had suc
ceeded in getting into Congress cad eventually
been destroyed by conflicts over the post
offices. The Democratic Congressmen who
are now in trouble over the matter lay much
of the blame at the door of 3Ir. Cleveland and
his Postmaster General, saj ing there would
have been little trouble had they acted
promptly on recommendations made to them.
Tbo Republicans of Indiana will hold a
convention within a week or two to nominate
a full state ticket, with the exception of Gov
ernor, nnd the list of candidates includes
nearly all tho able-bodied Republicans be
tween the ages of 21 ucd CO in tho state. This
is looked upon by somo as an evidence of the
great faith the party has of success this Fall,
while it simply shows the greed after office
that is taking possession of the American
people. In speaking of this largo number ot
candidates an old campaigner remarked there
was something peculiar in tbe nature ot c
man when bo once began hungering after
office tbat made him believo he could be
elected, no matter what tho party majority
against him might be. Mr. Clevt land has
made Republican success possible in In
diana this year by returning to tbe bosom ot
the state a few hundred followers of tbat party
who had lived off the loaves and fishes of the
government during Mr. Harrison's term. In
these days Washington city was little more
than n Hoosier colony, while other patriots
of that stato were cared for abroad or in the
territories. They nre all at homo now, and if
Indiana goes Republican next Fall the Demo
crats may blame Mr. Cleveland.
I think on the whole, says a writer in the
Now York Press, that tho most bitter enemy
of the President In tho Senato is Senator Mc
pherson, of New Jersey. He is an ablo finan
cier, nn astute politician, and a clover man ot
tho world, and ho long ago sized up Mr.
Cleveland quite to his own satisfaction.
When Mr. Vilas was Postmaster General ho
carried out Mr. Cleveland's policy of exclud
ing prominent Democrats from participation
in departmental matters to tbo top of his
bent. I happened to bo in tho private, office
of Mr. Vilas in the Post Office- building in
Washington one day when Mr. McPhersun
entered in a hurry. lie bad been cooling his
heels tor some time outside, and tho day be
fore he had cooled bis hceis in Col. Lamont's
room at tho Wnite House waiting for the
President. I suppose the Senntor was about
as mud a man as anybody of his tempera
ment, makeup, and cenerni character could
possibly bo. And ho exrressoJ himself with
a vigor and directness tbat would have done
credit to Senator Ingnlls. Although ho is
forced to agree with tlio Presidents policy ho
is secretly ono ot the bitterest iocs of the ad
ministration. Tho intentions of Senator Hill, says WilliAm
E. Curtis, toward tho tariff bill may bo judged
irom one remark. When he found a copy of
that measure upon bis desk he said: "This
bill is placed hero, you notice, before the
leaves are out, and.it will be hero vvh'in they
nre gone, unless they drop that incomo tax
out ot it."
Three Little Ones.
The old garbage box is frequently an offal
A man who puts off hii enjoyment too long
will fln,d It mislaid by the time he gets to it
A cyclone never looks well no matter what
amount of baggage she carries along with
To Aid St. Andrew's.
An entertainment will bo given in Willard
Hall to-morrow evening under the auspices
of tho Rector's Aid ot St. Andrew's church.
A line programmo has been arranged, includ
ing on operetta of local interest, nnd charac
ters are to bo taken by Miss Bertha Lincoln
and Mr. E. B. Hay.
' Local Notes.
"The Religious Japan" was the subject; of
the lecture delivered by tho Buddhist priest,
Kinzs Hiral, at the residence of Gen. L. W.
Colby, 132S Tenth stieet northwest.
A spirited discussion occurred last even
ing at the Y'oung Men's Christian Associa
tion on a resolution tbat "under existing cir
cumstances the form ot government of the
District of Columbia is tho best."
Mr. Bailey Willis, of the United States Ge
ological Survey, gave an Interesting lecture
before the Anthropological and Geological
Societies at the National Museum yesterday
afternoon upon the "Structure of the Appa
MEETING OF THErMONARGHS
Emperor William. and King Humbert
Exchange Greetings in Venice.
PEOPLE SHOUT, CANNON EOAR
No Political Significance Attached to the Visit
Except a Renewal of Friendly Assurances.
Possible Disarmament of Europe Rot in
Question at These Conferences.
Copyrighted ISM by the Associated Press.
Bkblin, April 7. The greatest Interest is
taken here in the exchange ot courtesies tak
ing place to-day at Venice between Emperor
William and King Humbert of Italy.
Dispatches received here Irom Venice say
that Emperor William enjoyed a superb pas
sago from Polo. Tho Von Moltke, with the
Emperor on board, arrived at the port of
Malamocco. off tbe bay of Venice, at 10 o'clock
thi3 morning. The German warship was met
by flvo steamers containing a party of Ger
man residents and the municipal authorities,
etc, who had 60no to welcome the Emperor.
At 11.15 a. m. an artillery salute announced
tho entrance of the Yon Moltke into the
harbor. During tbe passage from Malamocco
Emperor William remained on the bridge of
the Von Moltke, replying to tbe military
salutes. The Emperor was greeted with
hparty cheers on all sides.
Tho marble-paved qaay of the Riva Degli
Schiaboni and tbo ducal palace were filled
with an immense throng of spectators, while
all the buildings along the canal and all the
vessels in tho basin of St. Mark were crowded
with people and decorated with flags.
A thunder of gunpowder salutes and hur
rahs from tho sailors and spectators greeted
the Emperor's arrival in the basin of St. Mark.
Shortly after King Humbert went ashore
from his visit to Emperor William tho latter
landed and returned tho visit of tbe King of
Italy at tbe palace. While on bis way he was
cheered with the greatest enthusiasm by the
immense crowd which had assembled on the
piazza ot St. Mark, and in response to the
continued "vivas" the Emperor and the King1!
presentea tnemseives at a winuow oi tne uu
col Palace and bowed their acknowledgments
to the people of Venice.
The meeting between Emperor William and
King Humbert is believed to have no politi
cal significance beyond an avowal of tbe
cordial personal friendship existing between
the royal houses of Italy and Germany.
The interest, so far as the public is con
cerned, centers In the invitation extended to
the Emperor, asking him to visit the arsenal.
Emperor William will be the first foreign
monarch who has been so honored, as the
arsenal is, by law, closed against all foreign
ers. All the arrangements are now complete for
the approaching meeting between Emperor
William and Emperor Francis Joseph at
Vienna on April 13.
The idea current In some quarters, that
these meetings of the allied Emperors have
some bearing upon the rumors circulated
in regard to a possible disarmament of
the armies of Europe may be dismissed as
utterly unworthy of serious consideration.
This is clearly demonstrated by tbe fact that
next year's Austro-Hungarian military
budget, which have been approved since the
return ot Emperor Francis Joseph from his
visit to Emperor William at Abbazio, show
an Increase ot 4,000,000 florins. Tbe Increase
is chiefly devoted to tbo augmentation of the
peace effective of the army.
Private telegrams received here from St.
Petersburg say that every effort is being
made to induco the Czar to visit Berlin, but so
for without success.
No Inhumanity In This.
Apropos of tho anti-Semite demands that le
gal proceedings be undertaken against tbo
Hebrew mode, as prescribed by the ritual, of
slaughtering animals, on the ground that'it
Involves cruelty, n book has Just been pub
lished, which contains tho Views 01253 promi
nent men on the question. Ot this number,
fifty-three professors of physiology nnd
pathology, Including Professor Vircbow and
Sir Joseph Lister, surgeon extraordinary to
tbe Queen ot England, and Professors Du
bois, Reynaud and Pettenhofer: 151 veteri
nary surgeons and fourteen leading proprie
tors of slaughter-houses, assert that the He
brew mode ot slaughtering animals is the
least cruel, and tbat nothing can be said
ngainst it from the point of humanity.
United States Will Profit by It.
Bebus, April 7. The exhibition of Ameri- j
can nppliances for electric lighting from the
World's Fair of Chicago is attracting great
attention here. Tbey are exhibited in the
Museum of Liberal Arts, under tho direction
of Prof. Lesslng. It is understood that it will
result in large orders for the United States.
SCHOOL CHILDREN AND CANDY.
Crowds of Pupils nock to the Exposition
at Light Infantry Armory.
Tho school children of the city turned out
In force to visit the candy exposition at tho
Washington Light Infantry armory yesterday
afternoon. Representatives from nearlyevery
public school in Washington took advantage
of the reduced price of admission and over
3.500 entered during tho day. Besides tho
children there was a largo crowd of parents,
nnd the older folks seemed to take as much
delight in the pleasure of tho younger visitors
as tbey did in tho numerous temptations of
The hundreds of electric lights and tho pro
fuse decorations of multi-colored Luntlng
never formed surroundings for a prettier
scene, and the band as it rolled out such
strains as "Wang." "Manhattan March," and
"My Dream Waltz." afforded additional; cn
Jovment to tho children.
Until 6 o'clock the crowds kept coming and
going, each pupil going out with a' box of
candy under bis arm.
Infirmary at Alexandria Crippled.
The Alexandria infirmary is now inabadly
crippled condition owing to tho resignations
of Dr. Gibson, one ot the staff consulting phy
sicians, and Miss Elizabeth Adams, the
matron, leaving only Drs. Brown end Klip
stcin in attendance.
It appears tbat tbe physicians objectrd to
the way in which the lady managers were eon
ducting the affairs of the hospital and because
a physician, not a member of the stafT, was
called in to take charge of the cases.
Representative Wilson .Much Better.
Sas Astosio, Tex.. April 7. Congressman
W. L. Wilson returned to-day. He is looking
much better than when bo left here. His
color Is good, and he has gained several
pounds in weight. Ho still has a troublesome
cough, but bis physician states that that will
soon lcavo him. "He will start for Washing
ton by easy stages in about a week.
I LOVED YOU ONCE.
And did you think my heart
Could keep its Ioto unchanging,
Tresh as the buds that start
In Spring, nor know estranging?
Llstenl 1 he buds depart;
I lOTed you once, but now
I lore you more than over.
Tls not tho early lOTe;
lth day and night It alters.
And onward still must move.
Like earth, that never falters
For storm or star above.
I loved ypu once, but now
Hove you more than ever.
With gifts In those glad days,
How eagerly I sought yonl
Youth, shining hope and praise;
These, were the (rifts I brought you.
In this world little stays;
I loved you once, but now
I love vou more than ever.
A child vrlth glorious eyes
Here in our arms half sleeping
So passion wakeful lies;
. Then grows to manhood, keeping.
Hts wisttul young surprise;
I loved you once, bat now ,
I Ioto you more than ever.
When age's pinching air
Strips Summer's rich possession.
And leaves the branches bare,
My secret in confession
Still thus with you I'll share;
I loved you once, bucnow
I love you more than ever.
"The crimo of McKane,"saId Rev: Thomas
Dixon recently, "pales into nothingness when
compared with that ot Breckinridge. And
that judgment is confirmed and emphasized
by the disclosure made during tho past week.
Whatever be the issue of yonder trial, the
fearful depravity of the defendant has been
admitted. Tbe W. C. P. Breckinridge pict
ured by his lawyer and described by himself
on the witness stand is not the W. C. P.
Breckinridge that the country has known for
twenty years. The country has thought of
Breckinridge as a mas of strong personality,
ot brilliant parts, ot clean lite. The Breck
inridge disclosed by yonder trial is a man
of Impure heart, of unclean life, of moral
turpitude. Think ot the spectacle of that
gray-haired Congressman admitting tbat
he established unlawful relations with a
young woman during the lltetimo of his late
wife; tbat he kept them up during her life,
that bo continued them after her death and
until be was married again; and tbat all this
long continued offenso against decency; of
gross marital infidelity, of flagrant violation
of moral law, ho pursued under the cover of
respectability and ouumed religious observ
ances. "For such a character I have no soft names
or smooth words or excusing phrases. Vices
of this kind are all too common, and it Is
time that men should speak in no uncertain
language against the blighters of our homes
and tbo rapacious dovourers ot our happiness
"I denounce Breckinridge, not becanse he
is found out. His sin is no more hideous to
dr.y than It was before tho exposure. Hon
ored names cannot make crimo honorable.
Sacred names cannot sanctify sins. There is
no more honored namo in tho annals of Pres
byterianlsm than that of Breckinridge, but
that does not make the sin ot a Breckinridge
any less damnable. Sinners wearing honor
able nameH and of respectable surroundings
are the curse of society. Col. Breckinridge
was living in unlawful relations with the
woman who is now his accuser. You judge
the man not by the orthodoxy of his
creed, but by his life. The creed
does not count when the life 13 set
over against it. Religion does not con
sist in subscription to a scriptural creed, but
in reproducing that creed in the living ac
tions of cverday life. The pewholder must
be honest and moral and pure, and so be
free frcm tho guilt of partaking ot other
"Breckinridge introduced this woman into
certain circles in Washington society. But
why not? Had she not as much right to
move in any society as had he? She was no
more fallen than was he. We speak ot tbo
woman who has gone astray as fallen; we do
not speak so of the man."
In tho Lexington cemetery, says the Now
York Recorder, are buried all the dead ot the
branch of the Breckinridge family repre
sented by Congressman William C. P. Breck
inridge. Resting In the Breckinridge lots aro
Robert J. and Kate Morrison BrockinrlJge.
the father and mother of the present Con
gressman, several of their children, and
Letitia Clay Breckinridge and Issa Desha
Breckiniidge,thc first and second wives of the
Tbe former died at the age of 21 years, and
was a granddaughter of Ilenrv Clav. Tbe
latter died in Washington on July 14, 1892.
On her gravestone are these words:
Tbe most Important business of my life Is love.
Col. Breckinridge was born in Baltimore
about fifty-six years ago, ot which time his
father, the Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, was
a Presbyterian minister in that city. Breck
inridge was preparing himself for the min
istry In the Presbyterian church when tho
war broke out.
He had preached a number of sermons, but
had never been ordained. He gave up
preaching as a profession whn he west into
the Confederate army, but he was accustomed
to conduct religious services for bis com
mand. His friends and comrades were de
voted to him and thought him an cxccllect
Col. Breckinridge, says the Capitol, would
not introduce the woman ho had ruined into
his own family. He would never let her enter
his bouse or meet his wife, whom he was
during all that time wronging a great deal
more deeply. And yet he did introduce her
to another good woman, Mrs. Blackburn,
without apparent scruple. This phase ot the
case cannot but be peculiarly repellent to men
who aro more or less truthful and to women
who try to believe ia men. We are told by
Mr. Breckinridge himself, with countless
shameless repetitions, that hu did introduce
his mistress to Mrs. Blackburn as a respecta
ble woman; that he did tell her Miss Pollard
was a dear friend of his; that he did finally
tell her that tbey were to be married, and askc4
her to use, her influence In introducing
her to her friends. We are told with tbe same
breath by the gallant Kentuckioa tbat Miss
Pollard was not only his mistress, but worse,
the worst. Whether we believe this or not,
he wishes us to, and he makes these two state
ments together. Every day makes our opinion
of Col. Breckinridge's character somewhat
lower, and we are beginning to wonder how
much longer the trial will last, and to surmise
if there nre any possibilities of depravity that
he has not encompassed, and wo have not
endured the hearing of.
Concerning the letters which Mrs. Cuthbert
Bullitt and others sent to the Louisville Times
in regard to the Breckinridge-Pollard scandal,
writes Marian Evans to the New York World,
my pen tingles to say a few words "concern
ing tho mistakes" of Mrs. Bullitt and others.
They say tbat the chivalrous colonel is as
much to blame as Miss Pollard, but the man
is respectfully alluded to a "Col. Breckin
ridge," while tho woman in the case is "the
Pollard woman;" then why is the man not
referred to as "the Breckinridge man?" If
the woman is to bo called a "brazen brute,"
who was avowedly young enough to be the
daughter of the man who is alleged to have
wrought her ruin, then is he not also the
same? All through "Mrs. Bullitt's note and
others" they cling to the time-worn doctrine
of the different standard ot morality for tho
There is no necessity for the ndmonition to
women to bo sterner to their faltering sisters,
for that would in most cases bd n. moral im
possibility. "When a woman falls into a pit
the other women will go and fetch long poles
and push her to the bottom." It is not stern
ness tbat is such a necessity, bat charity such
charity as theSaviourshowedinsuchacase
will do more good than harshness. Tho
nearer approach to a solution to such prob
lems should be the equal standard of morality
for both men and women.
Women aro willing to condone too much in
a man because he is a man and therefore has
no morals or needs none. When a woman
marries it is her business to find out tbat the
man has a character. If she takes him know
ing that he has none, then sha will have to
suffer the consequences, and oftentimes the
consequences are very bitter.
A witness testified in tho Breckinridge
Pollard case yesterday whose evidence, as
far as sho gave any of importance, was ia
favor of the defendant. It was not of much
moment either way, but the gentlemanly
manner of obtaining it, so like Col. Breckin
ridge's habitual gallant manner, now become
famous, perhaps deserves to servo as an
lllustrition. The witness is a clerk In ono of
tho government offices. Col. Breckinridge
called personally for her In his carriage. Sho
seems to be a most exemplary woman, but
necessarily such an attention from a Kentucky
gentleman must have mado an impression.
In fact, she acknowledged how entirely re
fined and distinguished and pleasing he was
to her when site returned to her desk from
the one romance of her life, maybe. In
after years, perhaps, sho will be tble
to speak of CoL Breckinridge to her
grandchildren as grandmothers used of
old to sneak to their grandchildren
ot General Washington. Desha Breckinridge
brought tho lady back to tho offlce in a car
riage, which added to her joy. He was such
a nlco gentleman, too, and young. It de
velops that Col. Breckinridge questioned tho
lady on that eventful carriage ride as to
Miss Pollard's manner and general bearing In
the office when they were together. 8he told
the colonel tbat Miss Pollard was always per
fctiir nmner. one of the Quietest and most
modest women in the office, and that every
one regarded her with the greatest respect
It naturally happened after this that her evi
dence in this direction was not asked for in
the witness box. In other lines she told but
the truth, ot course, as she saw it, helped by
the pre-applicatlon of CoL Breckinridge's
eloquence. But the women who will talk in
this office say tbat they thought she intended
to testify ln'tayor ot Miss Pollard.
Of the best clothing val
ues we have ever seen is
a lot of LIGHTWEIGHT
Overcoats we have just re
ceived. They are made
from MERTIN'S IMPORT
ED WORSTEDS,are SILK
LINED throughout, are cut
in the latest fashion, are ex
quisitiyely tailored, and will
FIT perfectly. The price
is only$20. Get your tail
or's price for its duplicate
and. it will be nearer $40
than $20. We h ve a choice
line of other coats at all
prices, from $ro to $40, and
guarantee you satisfaction
at any price.
Robinson, Ghery Go,,
Twelfth and F Streets N.W.
WANT A POSTAL TELEGRAPH
A United Effort for It Unlike Any
Ever Seen Before in Congress.
50,000 PETITIONERS AND MORE
Various Bills Before Committees Senator
Butler and Congressman Bayner Are
Active in Support All the National Bodies
of Organized Labor in Earnest.
The agitation in favor of governmental
ownership and operation of the telegraph in
connection with tbe postal system is assuming
a new and real proportion. This agitation is
by no meant new, for the subject, in one
form or another, has been before every Con
gress, with one or two exceptions, since 1S63.
The present movement has been organized
and is now being directed by tbe International
Typographical Union, which at its last ses
sion, held in Chicago in June, 1893, authorized
its president to appoint a committee of Wash
ington printers to take general charge of tht
work before Congress. Back of the Inter
national Typographical Union and enthusias
tically supporting it ore the American Federa
tion of Labor, composed of nearly all th
great international and national trade unions
of the country; the Knights of Labor, this
measure being one of the principal planks ot
the order's platform; the Tanners' Alliance
and Industrial Union, the Industrial Legion,
and, in short, every organized body of work
ing men and women in tbe country.
Bills for carrying out the above purpose are
now before the Post Office Committee of both
House of Congress. Tbe Senate bill Is num
bered 113C, and was introduced on the 17th
of October (at tho special session) by Senator
Butler, of South Carolina, and tbe House bill
is numbered 4478, and was presented on the
Cth of December by Hon. lsador Rayner, of
Maryland. Besolutions by the hundreds and
petitions by tbe thousands from organized
bodies and citizens in suppoit of these bills,
which are identical in language, have been
pouring In from every direction and are now
in possession of tbe two Post Office Com
mitters. There aro a'so petitions containing
nearly CO.0CO names still in the bands of the
International Typographical Union commit
tee which will be presented before many
days. Not a day passes that there ara not
resolutions and petitions offered and appro
priately referred in one or both Houses.
At present the principal point of attack is
the Houso Committee, and the gentlemen com
posing It aredeluged with matter in the shape
of resolutions adopted by organized trades;
petitions, which are readily and cheerfully
signed by all conditions of people, to which
may bi added large numbers of personal let
ters and postal cards, sent direct by constitu
ents. The movement seems to be general in
ail the states and congressional districts hav
ing membership on the Post Offlce Committee;
and it will be strange indeed It this uprising
on tho. part of their own people in favor of
this reform does not have very great influ
ence even on men who may have heretofore
been opposed to all measures of this character.
This movement for general telegraphy, al
though organized and directed by one of the
great trade unions, is not a class movement.
The organized workers are far from being
alone in clamoring for it. The national
board of trade, which Is composed of the
chambers of commerce and boards of trade of
the principal cities of the land, and whose
members provide more than a third of all
telegraphic business, has long earnestly sup
ported and persistently petitioned Congress
lnfavorot postal telegraphy. The faculty
and students of many ot the great institutions
ot learning are known to be enthusiastic ad
vocates of some form of governmental con
trol, if not ,nctual ownership and oper
ation, and in more than ono ot them this
question has been chosen as the preferred
subject of debate during the prese-' college
year. Several days ago Chairman Henderson, of
tho Post Offlce Committee, assured the Inter
national typographical Union committee that
as soon as tbe Post Offlce appropriation bill
had passed the Honse his committee would
take up for consideration and give hearings
to persons Interested In a government tele
graph, H. R. 4178. It is the wish of tho men
in cbarge of tbo bill, if sufficient notice be
given as to tho time when the hearings will
begin, to invite to be present President Pres
cott, of tho International Typographical
Union; President Gompers, ot the Aruen--aa
Federation ot Labor; General Mastei i jri
man Sovereign, ot the Knights of Labor.
President Marion Butler, ot tho Farme" Al
liance. Some if not all of these gent'emen
will be on hand and voice tho sentiments of
their oganizations in support ot the bilL
OtliT ablo advocates will not be lacking.
Many tenders of hearty and disinterested sup
port have been made to the committee. Sev
eral Congressmen, who have never faltered in
their belief in the soundness of the principle,
will speak a good word, and some ethers
will take more than casual interest in tbo
proceedings owing to the attitude of large
numbers of their constituents. Hon. n. W.
Blair, of Xevy Hampshire, has promised to
make an argument for tho bilL Judge Ma
gnire, ot California, has also a telegraph bill
of his own in the committee hopper, and as
the'judgo is not onlv nn able man but a good
fighter, he will doubtless see to it that the
subject 13 fully and fairly considered. A
number of other Congressmen have promised
to lend a hand, but their names can not be
announced 03 yet
Catling Gnn in the Composing Room.
(Mason A. Green In April Donahoe'a
Sot only the common laborer, but skilled
labor itself, has been a sufferer from the al
most Siberian despotism of our system. Tho
labor-saving machine does not save labor.
A Boston paper is patting in thirty type-eet-ting
machines, which means tho discharge o
sixty compositors. A rival newspaper Is)
preparing to do the same, and it is within
bounds to say tbat no less than 200 printers in
Boston will fall before this little gatiing gun
of the composing room.
Tramps are tho decayed fruit of competl
tlou. A mechanic in Boston, long out ot
work, being denied further credit by his
grocer, recently filched a sack of flour. The
grocer called a policeman, and both followed
to tho tenement of the mechanic, where the
mother and children were found eating tho
flour made Into a paste with cold water, thero
being no coal in the house. The policeman
refused to arrest the mechanic.
Where They Sell it in Mngs.
"Lushley promised mo ho would never'
drink another glass ot beer. Do you think
he will keep his word?"
"Certainly, ho told me this morning bo In
tended to patro&'ze a plice where they sell i
in mugs." Buffalo Courier.
t v- t"o- S&tntj'S
ti ctZZZZZt? .JSJ 9