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THE WASHTLSTGrTOlS TI3IES,' WEDNESDAY, APRIX 11, 1894.
The Washington Times
(Lvcr Ha j in the Year)
OWNED AND ISSUED BT
The Washington Times
' Publishing Company
Editor: MARSHALL CUSHING;
City Edlter: EMORY FOSTER.
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Tlie Weather To-day.
For the District of Columbia and Maryland,
rain in the early morning followed by fair
weather; winds shitting to westerly; slightly
Good idea to get one.
If every subscriber to Tnx
Times got ono.
Tho circulation of the caper
would be doubled and
then doubled again.
Giro tho little giant a lift.
Ho doesn't need it; but he,
and you. and all of us,
would like it
1 Show This Paper
To a Friend.
Now that the evidence is all In, gentlemen,
aren't you convinced? The Times calls on
j ou to bring in a verdict against the Ken
tucky gentleman for 550,000. How can you
do otherwise? Mr. Breckinridge is a self
oonreEsed liar. There's not ono of you who
doesn't know this without any possibility 0f a
doubt. Ho has lied In all the most contempti
ble forms of lying known to polished gentle
men without morals. Leave his lies to Hiss
Pollard out. He has been a deceiver of virtu
ous women of his own "class." He has told
them that Miss Pollard was engaged to him.
He ha3 been a false swearer on civil service
papers. Ho has been a hypocrite. All
of these things are part of his own
evidence. And yet it is alone In the
testimony of this man of such versatile
powers of prevarication that anything of
Importance has been said against Miss
Pollard's story. Leave hi testimony out and
the evidence against him is overwhelming
that he is one of the prize reprobates ot the
country. He Is a contemptible knavo to such
an absolute degree that ho is picturesque,
you almost admire him. Put his testimony In,
then what? It is worse than not worthy of
credence. Tho very fact that he makes a
statement right to be collateral evidence to
you that it is false. And there tho caso is.
Honestly that is the only fair way to look at
It. Gentlemen, talk up.
TO EVERY READER Or THE TIMES.
Perhaps you take this paper regularly. If
so, good. Evidently you like it or you would
not take it. Now, then, there are several
things that you can do for it; and you will bo
surprised to Beo how little they trouble you.
First, let everybody get a subscriber just
one; that is nil. Then the circulation of The
Times, already the next largest in Washing
ton, will increase in geometrical ratio. This
psper becomes infectious. It really does. So,
push it further. It is the people's journal; it
is jour affair. You can write to it, you can
talk in it. It will defend you.
It will help you also. It costs but a cent.
It is two or three times as inexpensive, there
fore, s any other Washington newspaper.
For that reason alone It is economical to pre
fer it. There are other reasons. The Times,
unlike any other Washington newspaper, fur
nishes its readers every day with family and
household news that actually enables us all
tolho more cheaply yes, more cheaply in
actual dollars, and hence more comfortably
There is another thing you can do for The
Times. You buy your things everywhere.
Perhaps you belong to tho great mass of
sturdy folks whom dear old Abe Lincoln
used to call tho plain people. If so,
jou are the mainstay and support of tho
merchant, tho shopkeeper, tho butcher, the
grocer, everybody, who has anything to sell.
Tidk to tho persons whom you deal with for
tho useful things of life about this paper.
Ask thorn if they advertise in it Why not?
It is your affair jointly with tha 11,000 others
who buy it
And you Inveigle the man of whom you
make your purchasis into no business mis
take. This paper has tho circulation; it
brings the ad tcrtlscr full results on that ac
count alone. But more; its thousands of
supporters are interested in It enough, and
financially interested In it enough, to patron
ize those who patronize it. If the merchant
or the grocer remembers his friends, why
should the friends- of tho merchant or tho
grocer forget him? They will not. They re
member him. The Times people are that
kind ot people.
So don't throw this copy of The Times
away. Show it to a friend. It he likes it,
ask him if be wouldn't like it every morning,
bright and early, not too lengthy for the
breakfast table, complete enough to suit thoso
who read everything, nnd those as well who
read nothing else, with matter to. interest the
wife, tho husband, the daughter, tho son, and
even grandma. Perhaps this friend would
like to take it for a week. You aro 6afo in
agreeing to refund his dime to him if he should
say ho didn't get his money's worth.
And if you who have subscribed for this pa
per don't get it regularly, or if you ever hear
of anybody who doesn't get it regularly, please
complain in writing to the business office.
Muke n fuss about that sort of thing. It is all
wrong: it is not intentional. But let us know
where the errors are, so that they may be cor
rected once for alL
WHEX COL. PHIL IS SICK.
In his remarkable address yesterday Col.
Phil Thompson, of Kentucky, one Of Col.
Breckinridge's counsel, spoko ot the now cel
ebrated mock marriage as a "clear case of
drunk," and bo added:
"Trne, she said she was sick. I have known
lots of fellows do the same thing. Maybe I hare
done it a low times myself, but we never say we
hsve been drunk. Wo always claim that -we
have been sick.
This frank and manly utterance on tho part
of CoL Phil Thompson discloses phase of
this gentlemons character with whioh we had
not b'therto been sufficiently familiar. True,
we baa rccogrized in him a gentleman
lmost a3 chlvaln us as CoL Breckinridge, a
man cf the world, too, a man whose rubicund
anr" cheery countenance indicated that he
Uvea on terrapin and enjoyed the best ot
spirits. But it would appear from tho above
mentioned 'frank and manly statement that
'Col. Phil Thompson has sometimes overdone
tile. art. of living wolL He would havo us
understand that he doesn't deny that bo may
have done It a few times himself; but that ho
has never been known to say that he was
drunk. In fact, he always claimed that he
In the mind's eye of every acquaint&nco
of CoL Phil Thompson will arise this picture,
this landscape, this panorama. The spell
comes over him. Quips and jests aro passed
across tho table and under it Those about
him may imagine that he Is drunk, but ho
never claims that ho is notice tho not strictl v
proper uso of tho word "claim." It always
seems that ho is sick In the morning also; ho
doesn't entirely recover from what is really
his drunk ot the night before. His hat fits
him fairly well; but ho has on y been indis
posed. It would not be customary, in tho so
cial circles in which CoL Thompson moves, to
admit anything more
THE .MISSION OF THE POPULISTS.
Bri Tho political outlook from
Senatob a Topulist's standpoint is
very flattering. Theoldpar-
FE0U ties aro becoming disorgan-
Nebrasu. lzed and will become moro
so as time advances and the people learn that
they have been and nro being deceived by tho
attitude of theso parties on tho money ques
tion. Tho antagonism of the old parties to
silver is not because silver is not adapted to
money purposes, but because it Is becoming
so plentiful that a few men and corporations
can no longer corner it, and by that means
control tho prices of property and labor.
Theso men nnd corporations have been able
to control tho action of every branch of tho
government heretofore in their own interest
The time is speedily coming when the peoplo
will realize fully that tho master question ot
tho hour is the money question, and when
they do so the Populist party will come into
Tho issues of the past 100 years will be val
uable and referred to principally as showing
tho possibilities of tho race and the obstacles
that organized society can successfully meet
and overcome and retain its organization.
An entirely new Held in political, social, and
economic life will bo occupied in the future;
greater attention will bo given to the fitness
and patriotism of men chosen for public posi
tions; greater jealously w ill bo exhibited by
the people of a recreant performance of pub
lic duty; higher and better social conditions
will bo demanded for all classes; special priv
ileges, incompatible with public safety and the
general welfare, will bo taken away; and there
will bo a general upward movement ot tho
peoplo for a better and higher life.
It is hard to tell what will bo tho outcome
of the tariff legislation. The old parties havo
been fighting the tariff battle for years. Tho
Republican party stands for what it is pleased
to call a protective, but what is, in fact, a pro
hibitory, tariff, destroying the competitive
market. Tho Democratic party stands for
what is commonly known as free trade. I do
not look for any compromise or drawn battlo
between these parties so long as they can keep
the question before tho peoplo to deceive and
mislead them by making them believe that it
is the main issue. A3 long as they can they
will do this. The tariff is thrown every four
years to the people, as a string is thrown to a
kitten, simply to engage their attention and
lnduco them to believe that it is a blessing on
the one hand, and a serious evil on the other.
Of course the tariff Is an important ques
tion, but It Is subordinate in every conceiv
able point to the money question. A scientific
and just settlement ot the latter question will
dissipate nine-tenths of the evils afflicting
society. I would set Industry in motion and
put every man to work. Thero is no prob
ability that the tariff question will be taken
out of politics, or to be placed in the hands of
a non-partisan commission, as long as poli
ticians can keep it in politics and make it the
subject ot repeated sham battles.
The American peoplo move very slowly;
they are loath to believe their public servants
are recreant to duty, and they are more in
clined to bear evils if they are not too heavy
than to make a change in their political
action, but when they do become
convinced that things are going from
bad to worse and that there is no
remedy but by a change in political par
ties, they do not hesitate to move quickly and
effectually. In my judgment a political party
counts for nothing when It ceases to act in
the Interest of the people. A political party
at best is a means to an end, tho end being
good government; nnd whenever it ceases to
serve this useful end, it should be thrown
aside ns wo cast aside a wornout garment
that has served its day of usefulness. Patri
otism and loyalty to ono's country, to the peo
ple'and their institution;, and a sincere de
sire to see everyone amply protected, in per
son, property, and other rights, by the laws
of the country, in my judgment constituto tho
highest ideals of a true statesman.
The Populist party is in tho lino of promo
tion; it may bo subjected to much criticism,
and ridiculed by a partisan or venal press
before it succeeds; it may bo scoffed at and
spit upon by thoso who least understand its
lofty purposes, or by thoso who are interested
In special legal privileges, and who can only
retain their unjust power by tee success of
a political party under their control; but tho
peoplo will sooner or later givo us power.
They nro bound sooner or later to learn that
the old parties aro wedded to the monetary
and corporate interests of the country, and
have not tho sligh'cst concern for tho welfare
of tho humble and poor.
William V. Allen.
AN LRROR or THE TYPES,
It appeared in The Times yesterday that
Judge Caldwell was influenced by fear of con
gressional investigation. This is not correct,
his course has been simply that ot a fearless
and honest judge. The ouly effect, it any,
which the ordered investigation ot Judge
Jenkins had upon his mind was that the coun
try was aroused to the gravity of the situation
and the necessity of painstaking caro in the
preparation of an opinion which vitality affect
tho interests of more than a million of his fel
"FORTY TRAMPS:" FORTY THIEVES.
The following editorial appeared In last
Tne plea Is made on behalf of the forty-odd
tramps arrested by the police on Saturday that
they are here to petition Congress and to lobby
for their Interests.
Well, where Is their petition What do they
want? Why are they not at work lobbying? Tho
right of petition has not been denied. Senators
and Representatives are not Inaccessible. The
Capitol Is open to the public every week day.
Thero are plenty of demagogues en
the floors of Congress who would be
glad to make a show of listening to the" pleas of
tho unemployed of Texas or any other portion
of tho community. Why do not the forty tramps
take advantage of their opportunity, instead of
submitting to an order to leavo town?
There is good ground to suspect that when
the forty tramps were taken to a restaurant and
fed they cot Just what they wanted and Just
what they came here for. There Isn't a oetltion
in the pocket of a single one of the entire forty,
and the stock of Ideas lu the crowd upon the leg
islative needs of tho country la about a limited
as tho supply of petitions. ,
Tho running start of this magnificent edi
torial Jump is made on carefully guarded
Will tho News kindly tell us who told it
that theso men are hero to lobby for their own
Interests? This initial proposition ha3 a cer
tain semblance to the stuffed man, who Was
set up that he might bo knocked down.
"Where Is the petition?" asks this epi
tome of modern dally sensationalism.
Perhaps tho question can bo answered.
Their petition is In the mute and voiceless
entreaty of hungry men who aro willing to
work and havo no work to do; it is in their
silent and enforced acceptance of frightful
financial conditions which they cannot under
stand, but which they are too good Americans
to rise against with arms; It is in the memory
ot loved ones over whom circumstance has
denied them a man's right of protection.
"Forty tramps," nre they? Then every
man in this oppressed country of ours who
has no work Is n tramp. Admitted that they
aro tramps It even then scarcely pertains to
the dignity or success of journalism to stig
matize unemployed men with such an
It may do a wiser and better plan If tho
newspapers of tho country will endeavor to
locate tho forty thieves who mndo these
forty tramps. Tho troublo at this point
Is the fart that tho forty thieves aro in many
cases behind the newspapors. while tho forty
tramps only exist to mako a nice target for
"Tho stock of Ideas in the crowd upon tho
legislative needs of tho country Is about as
limited as tho supply of petitions," says Tho
News. This must be nccepted as an ultimatum.
Tho criterion of tho great nowspajier which
utters this Napoleonic terseness upon legisla
tive needs is so well known and so generally
accepted that its decision upon other people's
ideas, even at long range, overwhelms us
with a feeling ot finality.
One moro closing word. At last wo havo
an utterance of our valued contempory which
has no semblance of cuckoo origin. For
this, thanks. It is a relief. It is so methlng
HITS OR MISSES.
It Is now stated that it costs Senator Brice
S1SO.000 a year to live in Washington; and, of
course, the financial stringency has struck
the Brice family also.
Perhaps Mr. Dawes might have gotten
along better with tho Creeks it he had smoked
a clgaretto with each ono of tho 2,000 of
Unquestionably Col. Phil Thompson Is tho
third greatest curiosity in tho Breckinrldge
There nre seventeen persons in tho Chineso
legation, nnd no laundrymen are included.
Secretary Morton is now in Boston extermi
nating tho gypsy moth.
If Mr. St Gaudens refuses to remodel his
medal he might at least remedal his modol.
Lucky that tho weather continues cool for
tho Brcckinridgo trial!
If Mrs. Lor-so really gets SSO0 a night for
lecturing, Mr. Lease can treat all the children
in the neighborhood to soda every day.
Already Judge Caldwell Is spoken of as n
Presidential candidate for'SC ns the champion
of tho wage workers.
Hurrah for Lawrence H. Kenncn, ot Hous
ton, Texas! He has sued tho St. Louis and
Southwestern P.allrond for 525,000 because a
conductor bad him arrested for refusing to
givo up a pass
Mr. Justice Shiras: Beer is all right, if it
isn't a spirituous liquor.
Tho nervo of Mr. Brcckinridgo seems to bo
equalled only by that of his counsel, who did
some talking yesterday.
Senator Fatrick Walsh has not jet talked
through his hat a bit; but perhaps this is be
cause it Is n shiny now plug.
The Tammany Times remarks that tho gen
tleman with the jimjams has one advantage;
ho doesn't have to waste his money going to a
It is denied that Mr. St. Gaudens will also
have to drape his American eagle.
Senator Lodge has again Incurred the
odium of the Boston Herald; and in many
other respects thero is nothing the matter
If n person stops at a hotel, when does he
begin stopping, and when does he stop
stopping? Doesn't he stay at a hotel, rather?
Mr. Cleveland ought to consider before go
ing fishing down in Maine th at that is a diffi
cult state to secure bait in.
Again we recognize, that fine old tramp item
to the effect that Mr. Sam Johnson infuses
sweetness and light into tho editorial columns
of the Cincinnati Enquirer.
Wo are advised by telegraph from Ohio that
Major Batbbone, a new Republican nominee
for Congress, has no barrel, but he is prepar
ing for an unusual expenditure of brains.
CoL Henry Watterson appeared in the office
of tho Cincinnati Times just after the war,
clothed in tho ragged regimentals of tho Con
federate army; but that was before he met the
There is no question that Governor Tillman
would make u lino commissioner of internal
Tennyson wroto "Honor tho light brigado,
honor the chargo they made," but the poet
was young, and the gas companies had con
No matter how far West Hon. Edward
Murphy travels, he invariably uses his Troy
'Sh! But every woman in Washington is
beginning to grow curious who the "other
Congressman" was whom Col. Brcckinridgo
NOTES FROM SENATE AND HOUSE.
The Senate Committee on the Library re
ported yesterday favorably upon the Joint reso
lution for the appropriation ot f 10,UX for addi
tional clerks in the Library.
Senator Hansbrough Introduced by roqucst
yestorday a bill for the purchase of a bourn
meut Printing House site, similar to tbe one In
troduced by Mr. Bankbead In the House last
The Committee on Pensions yesterday consid
ered the bill Introduced on Monday by Senator
Palmer for tbe payment of accrued pensions
and authorized a favorable report which was
made In the Senato by Senator Fetter.
A clause has been inserted in tho appropria
tion bill prepared by the Indian Affairs subcom
mittee, making it mandatory on tho Secretary
of the Interior to establish the principal Indian
warehouse and supply depot at Chicago.
An amendment to tho deficiency bill appropri
ates $3,000 for Mrs. Sarah 15. Colquitt, widow of
the late Senator Colquitt, In accordance lth the
custom ot the Senate to pay the widow of a de
ceased Senator tho amount be would have drawn
as a yeirs salary.
Tho Indian Affairs subcommittee has com
pleted, with tho exception of a few minor de
tails, tbe bill making appropriations for tho In
dian service for the fiscal year 1895, with a cut
of nearly "200,000 from the estimates submitted
by tho InteriorTJepartment
Mr. Quay introduced a resolution yesterday
(objection to the consideration of which ivas
niado by Senator Cockrell) that the Senate
should hold a session on Saturday, April SI from
1- o'clock to bear a committee of the organiza
tion of tbe worklngmen of tho United States in
opposition to the tariff bilL
Senator Vest yesterday presented In the Sen
ate a list of buildings now on the books of the
supervising architect of public buildings not
commenced and ahose in course of construction,
giving limit ot coat under existing legislation
and the total amount appropriated, the list in
cluding 104 buildings, the limit ot aggregate cost
of which Is $32.87,G6' and the amount appropri
CLOAK ROOM AND GALLERY.
"Cleveland Is a stronger man to-day with
the Democratic party than Hill is," said a
Geoigia Democrat in Congress yesterday,
"and that is saying very little. Hill's speech
yesterday makes him out a .Republican. It
he should bo tho Democratic nominee for
President to-day he conld not carry a single
But the fact is we don't want a northern
Democrat as a candidate for the Presidency
again. At least not from New York. Wo
might Just as well have a Republican and not
bo responsible for him. We have gotten noth
ing from this administration in tho way of
patronage or legislation. No, tho nxt can
didate b;as got to come from the West, for wo
cannot carry tho country with tbe South
alone and wo don't caro for any more Demo
crats like either Cleveland or HU1. It the ad
ministration witn all its Influence can carry
the convention, it cannot carry the election
fcr its nominee.
Senator Walsh was outspoken yesterday in
criticism of Senator Hill's speech. He did
not veuturo many opinions to people whom
ho did not know, us be Is too shrewd aman for
that, but he did tell socral of his Georgia
friends that Mr. Hill had made a great mis
take and had gono too far. Ho thinks Mr.
Hill has hurt himself with tbe Democracy by
this latest piece of political maneuvering.
Senator Jones, of Arkansas, is not very much
pleased with Senator Hill's speech. He says
that when tho New York Senator suggested that
tho states of Arkansas, Missouri, Indiana etc.,
impose income taxes for ttatn purposes if they
wnnted to, ho altogether missed tho point.
The Democrats want the burden of national
expenditures to fall evenly on tho people. A
tax on imports was a tax on conmsumptlon; a
tax on incomes was n tax on wealth. If n
tax on Imports nlonowero Imposed it would
weigh n3 heavily on a poor man with a
family as on a rich man. "Why, Senator Hill
himself," said tho Arkansas Senator, "would
not pay as much as a laborer with a famllv
Gossip concerning tho Delaware Senator
ship, which expires next year, has it that
Senator UIggins will not be his own
successor. The slato Is Democratic, nnd Mr.
Higglns got In on .a Republican tidal wa.e,
which cannot with certainty bo counted on
for next year.
Mr. Bayard would llko to be a candidate
again, and I am told on very good Delaware
authority that ho probably will be. During
tho last three years the present ambassador
to England has lost a good deal of money,
and bo is really a poor man. It is a well
known fact that tbe St. James mission is no
place to cava one's salary in, and if Mr.
Bayard came back and entered tbe Senate he
would, resuming his law practice, bo in very
Other likely candidates are Chancellor
Wolcott and Attorney General Nicholson, who
aro able and popular men, as well as tho
present chief executive of the state, Governor
Reynolds. Congressman Causey. Willard
Salisbury, jr., ex-Congressman Martin, nnd
ex-Attorney General Biggs are others whoso
names aro heard of in connection with the
The Chicago exposition suggested one
thing which ought to be put in practice at
the National Capital. It is not the moving
sidewalk but the movin? cnlleries in the
machinery and liberal arts buildings. If a
cablo car of some sort could bo run in tho
basement of the Capitol, from one wing to
the other, it would sue a vast amount of un
necessary nnd fatiguing walking for thoso
who hate to make tho trip from one end of
tho great building to tho other half a dozen
times a day.
"Colonel" Redstone, Coxey's Washington
man, is, to bo seen dally at the Capitol, and
can usually be found near the main door,
waiting to chat with members nnd others,
whom he is constantly endeavoring to in-
terest in his plans. Lack of success secms
to make him more cheerful rather than less I
so. and he now declares the whole move- !
ment a grand success. He claims to have
nearly 300 camps organized in Washington.
There was undeniable evidence of the pres
ence ot tho railroad lobby at tbe Capitol yes
terday. Besides the three or four men who
have been conspicuously actlvo during the
past fortnight, tho president of n leading street
railway company, whose affairs are jusstreet
being discussed in the National Lcgislt now
was on hand.
Of course the lobbying of to-day is not what
it was once, but it is a fact that a vast deal of
conference gos on in the corridors of tho Cup
Itol which is neer heard from except in re
sults. Senator Martin, of Kansas, Is having poor
success in his efforts for Charles H. J. Taj lor.
The harder he works tho worse things look
for tho would-be Recorder of Deeds of tho
District ot Columbia. This is not remarknble.
Senator Martin is not an individual to carry
very much weight In the words of ex
Speaker Reed in referring to a fellow member
of Congress, "Ho hasn't been here long, and
we wonder how he got here anyway."
AS THE CR0KDS COME OUT.
"Ben My Chree" is considered ono of the
strongest of the modern dramas. Hall Calne's
"The Deemster" is one of tho novels of the
century, and, although "Ben My Chree" is
not Its equal, it bos much of the unique plc-turesquencs-3
and much of the vivid
tragic strength of tho story. The central
figure ot this strange out-o-the-way tale
is a man who kills another in self
defenso and is banished from the
world of his friends nnd kindrod from all
mankind forever. Tho most tragic moment
of tho action is when he calls in tho ecstatic
frenzy of his despernto loneliness on his caged
bird to speak to him. To this and to the
other intensely dramatic moments Wilson
Barrett is supremely equal. I can conceive
ot no stronger rendering than his.
In thecenterof aseenoof the weird, lovely,
cold beauty of tho twilight, with perhaps no
man but himself for miles around, bo thinks
of his sentence to eternal silence and ostra
cism nnd Is wrung almost to madness by his
agony. You cau see it all in his face, read it
In his hands and body. You can feel it your
self when he bows his head. From this
loneliness the mnu goes to givo up his life
by speaking for tho woman who is suffering
disgrace for him. According to tbe
laws of the "Isle of Man" for
It Is hero that Hall Caine found tho material
for his story nnd play a woman who is ac
cused of unchastity may go into tho church
and swear that she. is puro and no blame
may attach to her. A slender, white-robed,
looly, sad-faced woman walks through the
throng in tho church and kneels at the altar
at the feet of tho priest She is accused by
a man who has wished to marry
her with having had criminal relations with
the man in tho wilderness. To her side out
of tho dark comes the strong, heroic figure of
this man. Speech means death. He breaks
the silence and saves tbe girl's honor. The
priest, his own father, pronounces tbe
sentence of death on him. Tne woman dies
from tho blow and he bends over her dead
The man in the play, as on Monday night,
who almost, if he does not, divides honors
with Mr. Earrjtt is Mr. Austin Melford, who
plays the part ot the father and tho judge of
the condemned man. His work is full ot
strength and beauty.
Senator Smith Settles a Strike.
(From the New York Sun.
, Patebsos, N. J., April 9. Tho strike of the
employes Of the Barbour Flax Spinning Com
pany was settled this afternoon by Senator
James Smith, jr. Ho held a conference with
tho Barbours and a committee of the em
ployes, nnd told them he had looked into tbo
flax tariff and saw no reason why it should
not be protected as well as other textiles. Ho
told President William Barbour that if tbe
company would pay its hands reasonable
wages Tie would give assurance that the inter
ests of the Sax industry would be looked
after, so far as the United States Senate was
concerned. Mr. Barbour said that was all he
desired, and at once announced that the ten
cer cent, reduction would bo restored to the
hand3 and the mills thrown open on Wednes
day. The 2,C0O operatives will then return to
IN AND OUT OP OFFICE.
Between you and me, there's a new civil
service reform gentleman of the name of
Roosevelt in the world. He's only two days
old tbls morning, but he's energetic and
lively, llko tho other Mr. Roosevelt, and, let
me say this one again, is making already
quite a volume of music in the world. And.
by the way, I am told that tbe older Mr.
Roosevelt has been commanded by bis physi
cian to stay away from tbe office on account
of a bad cold, and that the, way be obeys this
injunction is to receive bis hosts of friends at
his home, and then, when they are leaving,
stand with them on the doorstep bareheaded,
which is certainly a ruinous thing for civil
service reform. But tbo question of courso
is, will the new young civil service reformer
havo something in his name suggesting bis
father's lino of business, like Diogenes, for
And speaking of thi3 matter ot searching
for honesty nnd tho other thing, have you,
Mr. Roosevelt, looked into this club that is
being started in the department which cer
tain persons allege should be looked into. I
am told (sub rosa, of course, and sub rosa
things can seldom bo proven) that certain
gentlemen, being in the ranks of a certain
political party, nro proselyting in the depart
ment hero. It is tbo intention of these
founders of this club that every gentleman of
thir political faith shall bo requested (of
courso nothing stronger thanrequest) to join
them. Tho beauties of such an organization
needn't be pointed oat with much care. I am
told that the dues of this club will bo large,
sufficiently large in fact to do away with tho
need ot political assessments In tho depart
ments which aro against the law you know.
Of courso it a man swears that ho is not a
member of their party but then he might
not want to do so.
I talked this scheme over with a civil
service reform gentleman. He tells mo that
our friends, tho originators, and tho new
joining members of this club cannot shield
themselves behind it; that if it Is proven that
most ot the members of the club ore depart
ment officials even joining es Individuals, no
matter what tho ostensible object may be,
tbey will be amenable to the law against
Tho tendency in the departments is against
further employment of women. For some
time peoplo have noticed this In as far as
there not being any new positions opened to
them, but there are further advances In tho
same lino. In several instances recently
women have been dropped from positions
always heretofore occupied by women and
men havo been substituted In their places.
A dny or two ago I noticed a case of tho kind
in the Patent Office. The question of tho
relative value of women will doubtless be
The sprightly Capital tells a snappy story
about Mr. Smith's detectivo force which I am
going to quote in order to knock it into a
When those twenty-odd clerks were discharged
last month In tbe Pension Oflce on the charge
mat mey were incompeten and addicted to baa
habits, 1 talked to oneofficerof tbe bureau, who
alluded to the fact that one man was In the habit
of spending his evenings In questionable resorts
in a chronic state ol intoxication. 1 remembered
the chargo that has been made against the pres
ent administration of the Interior Department
and its bureaus, that detectives aro employed to
spy upon people outside the office. 1 alluded to
It at the time. This charge again comes up. I
hear it rumored that a certain clerk the other
night became possessed of the idea that a cer
tain other clerk was matching him, and that In
a little while went so far as to knock the detec
tive down, which Is a very pleasant thing to con
template. Somehow I should have liked to bo
tho man who used his muscle in such a good
cause. Mr. Smith, there can't bo any doubt you
are doing this thing If I were you I'd stop It
Suppose this story of this pugilistic endeavor
on tbe part of this clerk with outraged feel
ing is true What is tbo sole foundation for
it? Simply that Mr. Smith, llko Mr. Carlisle,
employes u few ot his medical gentlemen (in
his coso they are medical examiners in the
Pension Office) to look into the cases ot sick
ness reported to the Interior Department A
man sends in word that he will not be able to
como down to-day on account of an acute
nervous ai.ack. Mr. Smith doubts the entire
collapse of the gentleman nnd sends a Pension
Office physician quietly to look him up. On
his return the medical man facetiously re
ports that Mr. Jones wa3 absent at the drug
store when he called. It is not stated in his
report, of course, whether he called at the
front door, or tbe basement, or tho back door.
We are to infer that he presented his
card in proper form If he had one.
He states it as his opinion that
tho nervous attack was caused by
tho "drug store" and not the drug store the
result ottho attack; which Is the witty way
of saying that to bis virtuous mind Mr.
Jones has been intoxicated. Probably ho is
right In fact another man reports later that
he has seen Mr. Jones once before under the
influence ot bock beer. After which Mr.
Jones is discharged as one ot tho "incompe
tents and drunkards."
Tbi3 little supposedly hypothetical caso of
mine is a real one. I havo quoted tbe medical
man's report almost word for word, and Mr.
Jones (his name Is not Jones) WB3 really
We'll Be There ThU Morning.
Dows Towx Club, )
Washington, Apnl 10, aSM.
To the Editor of The Times:
Dear Sir I think you had better put a news
boy to sell your paper alone on the corner of
Ninth and F streets.
1 his morning at 8.15 1 came down town in a
Metropolitan car in the rain and got off to come
up for breakfast here. Two boys with arms full
of Posts, but with no Times, met me. Tbey said
rhey hadn't "struck" against your "vent" paper,
but they had sold out 1 he Times. I didn't buy a
liocommend your attention to the fact and
suggest that it would bo a good Idea to see that
your paper should be on band where It is wanted.
Newsboys are human and will no: sell papers
that don't make most money for them. CLUB.
Sllcr Resolution Appro cd.
Senator Wolcott's silver resolution was ap
proved by the Senato yesterday. It reads as
Resolved, Thit the President of the United
States, with a view to encourage and extend our
commercial relations with China and other
Asiatic countries, bo requested, if not incompat
ible with the public interests, to enter into
negotiations with the republic of Mexico looking
to tho coinnge by the United States at Its mints
of standard .Mexican dollars under some agree
ment with the said republic of Mexico as to
seigniorage, method, and amount of said coin
nge, and that he be furthpr requested to report
tho result of his negotiations to the Senate.
It Certainly Docs Get There.
In answer to a query of one of the owners of
TheTijies cs to result of a four line "ad." in The
Times, I will say it brought me scores of answers
and, what is much better, a purchaser for the
property offered for sale. I have tried all the
tVashington pipers, and lam pleased to say I
was very agreeably surprised at this result, as I
expected nothing from it as usnal.
F. A. COGSWELL.
Events at East St. Louis.
Sr. Louis, 3Io., April 10. ravorites a3 a
rule were not successful at East St Louis to
day, only two of them finishing in the front
of their fields. It was a dreary, cold after
noon, and tho usual attendance was dimin
ished to a considerable extent in consequence.
Despite tho fact that thn six fleld3 were mado
up of only fair-class platers, no less than four
ot tbe finishes were closo and exciting enough
to inteiest tho regulars.
First Race Selling. Five-eighths of a mile.
Larkln, 105 (J. Smith), B to 1, won; Traymore,
105 (D. Watson), 4 to 1, second; Tom Stevens, 105
(It Jenes), 8 to 5, third. Time 1.-03M. Mullet,
The Gcdmother, Mart Walden, Dlack Beau, Iron
dale, Lmmn A., and Dick Martin also ran.
Second Race Six furlongs., llowers, 112 (B.
Jones), 8 to 1, won; Russell (Jrey. 101 (W. Flynn),
8 to 5, second: Izoll, 1U (Conrad)," tol, third.
Time lii Jantho, Pauline, Dora, Mslga, and
Peralto also ran.
Third Race floven-sixteenths of A mile. Bnl
lardlne, 08 (W. Flynn), 7 to D, won; Bayard, 101
(C. McDonald), SO tol, second; Standrew, 103
(Ham), 10 to 1, third. Time 1:1 .Knicker
bocker, Wrestler, Florence Shanks, and Hiram
ArRO also nn.
Fourth Race Fivo furlongs. Lord Auckland,
110, (Ham), 8 to 1, nou; Unintah, 105. (G. Howe), 5
to 4, second; Headlong, 110 (Stoval), 10 to 1. third.
Time 1:07. Cora ir, Dockwlck, C. 15. MUllngham,
and John It also ran.
Fifth Race One mile. John Hlckey, 101
(Conrad), 5 to 2, wen; Jack Richelieu, 104 (Wal
lace). 8 to 1, second; Brootwood, 94 (W. Flynn),
15 tol, third. Time 1:49. Rlchal, My Partner,
lilspanla. Pioneer, Ylda, and Josle D. also ran.
burn Race Eleven-sixteenth of a mile. Sell
ing. Plebian, 110 (J. Smith), S to 1. won; Liberty
Bell, 103 (Henrlchs), 3 to 1. second; Paradise, 11U
(Johnson), 30 to 1, third. Time 1.13$. Hockey,
Attention, Langtry, Earl Palmer, La Sue, and
Manola also ran.
JUST WHAT JUDGE
The proceedings in the complaint ot the
employes ot the Union Pacific Railroad
against tho action of the receivers' and Judge
Dundy, United States District Judge, who fol
lowed ths extraordinary decision of Judge
Jenkins, in the Northern Pad do railroad
case, covers so much ground that it is diffi
cult to state them within a reasonable space,
but very briefly they are these:
For many years there obtained on each of
those roods (the Northern Pacific and the
Union Pacific) certain roles and schedules
governing the work and WRges to be paid, the
employes. These were satisfactory to Both
sides. One rule provided that no change
therein should be made without thirty days'
notice. When the Union Pacific was put into
tho hands of receivers the court appointed
two New York lawyers, a wealthy Chicago
merchant, an accountant, and tho president
of the road as such receivers.
In January last, without any notice t, the
men, the receiver's filled In court a petition
setting out a reduced schedule of wages and
a new set of rules to govern tho hours of
labor of the men, and asked the court's ap
proval of them, and asked, too. for an injunc
tion against the men quitting work. On tho
samo day, nnd without notice to the men.
Judge Dundy, following tb i example set him
by Judge Jenkins, approved the reduction in
wages and adopted tho new rules and Issued
the injunction tho contrary of that
Now it is an essential and indispensable
requisite to the safe and successful operation
of a road that intelligent, experienced, and
capable men should bo employed; fair wages
must be paid them, though no dividends are
paid on the stock and no interest paid on tbe
bonds of such railroad. Good labor is as es
sential to tbe operation of a road as is good
oil or good f ueL
Moreover the schedule ond new rules were
adopted without affording the men or their
representatives an opportunity to be heard.
Tbls was a fundamental error, which was one
ot tho principal causes of the complaint
against Judge Jenkins in tbe Norther Pacific
cose. Judge Caldwell said:
In answer to this objection to their mode of
proceedings, it Is said that the order of the re
ceivers and the order of tho court extended an
opportunity to the men to protest airalnst the
new schedules after their adoption. The men
could have small hopes of a fair and impartial
hearing after the receivers had prepared new
schedules behind their backs, which were de
clared by the receivers and the court to be prima
facie Just and reasonable.
In this case the receivers were the first to
break the contract between tho court and its
employes, and If the converse had been the
cose the court could not have directed as
This case, following so closely on the beels
of Judge Jenkins' usurpation of power,
aroused the public conscience and unorgan
ized as well as organized laborthroughout the
country. The receivers then appeared before
the United States Circuit Judge for that cir
cuit. Judge H. C. Caldwell presiding, and
asked that Judge Dundy's outrageous order
should be extended to that portion of the
Union Pacific syttem lying In the states of
Colorado and Wyoming. Judge Caldwell
ruled that he would never entertain sueh a
petition without notice to tho men" affecte d.
Notice was given, and tbe hearing took place
at Omaha, and Judge Caldwell annulled the
injunction and decree of Judge Dundy, in ono
of the most important opinions to labor that
has been pronounced, it throws side lights
upon the decision of Judge Jenkins as well,
although it does not affect the Northern Pa
cific case directly.
Judge Caldwell decides:
First That when a court of equity take posses
sion of a railroad, it's supreme duty Is to operate
It efficiently and safely. An indispensable requi
site to that is the employment of sober and ex
perienced men. In thi3 case he found that the
men possessed these qualifications.
Second That rules and a schedule of wages
which had long been In force before tbe court
took possession of the road were prima facie.
Just and reasonable. That the receivers, in al
leging that the wage sehedulo was in excess of
fair compensation for tho men, must prove it.
Judge Dundy had held or enjoined the men to
continue in Its service. The specific perform
ance of a contract to render personal service can
not be enforced by an Injunction by pains and
penalties, or by any other means, for the breach
of such a contract the only redress the law pro
vides is a civil suit for damages. The
period of compulsory personal service, save as a
punishment for crime, bos passed In this coun
try. In this country it is not unlawful
for employes to associate, consult and confer to
gether with a view to maintain or increase their
wages by lawful and peaceful means.
The legality and utility of these organizations
can no longer be questioned.
SILVER AND BONDS.
Representative -Mover's Presidential Plan
for Coining the Seigniorage.
The coinage and bond bill recently Intro
duced by Representative Meyer (Democrat, of
Louisiana,) is bringing out much discussion
between tho silver and anti-silver elements of
tbe House. Mr. Meyer was opposed to Mr.
Blond throughout the seigniorage bill strug
gle and voted against it For this reason his
proposition to coin the seigniorage under cer
tain conditions is regarded as an overture
from the anti-silver men to Mr. Bland's fol
lowers. " Mr. Meyer says that his bill was suggested
by that clause ot the President's veto mes
sage reading as follows: "I am not insensi
ble to the arguments in favor of coining the
bullion seigniorage now in the Treasury, and
I believe it could be done safely and with ad
vantage If the Seeretnry of the Treasury had
the power to Issue bonds at a low rate ot in
terest under authority in substitution of that
now existing and better suited to tho protec
tion of tbe government."
Mr. Meyer's bill follows close the Presi
dent's suggestion in the following clause. It
provides for the coinage of the seigniorage
nnd gives tho Secretary ot tho Treasury
power to issue 3 per cent. bond3 of small de
nominations, in substitution ot tbe gold
"The Creation" To-night.
Tho performance ot Haydn's great sacred
oratorio, "Tho Creation," by tho Choral So
ciety at Convention hall this evening, will be
one of tho most notable musical events of the
season. The soloists are artists in the fullest
sense. Miss Lillian Blauvelt. formerly prima
donna soprano nt the Royal Opera House,
Brussels, is an American singer who
has no superiors. She stands among
tho very foremost, and the opportunity to
bear her Is ono which, as evidenced by tho
very large advance salo nt Metzerotfs, is not
being neglected. Mr. William H. Rieger is a
tenor Such as Washington has seldom had tho
opportunity of hearing. Dr. B. Merrill Hop
kinon, the "Adam" of tho oratorio, has a
baritone voice of superior quality. The soci
ety isin excellent form nud willncquit itself In a
very satisfactory manner In thechoruses. There
nro few such organizations in the country
ot the high standard and state ot efficiency
of the Choral Society, and under its nble di
rector. Prof. Josef Knspar, it has been well
drilled i nail respects. The Baltimore Sym
phony Orchestra will support tho voices.
The advance sale of scats is very large and
indicates a full bouse. Tho doors will be
open at 7. Overture at 8:15.
Local Patents Granted.
Among the patents granted yesterday were
District of Columbia Holen L, Alexander, veil
clasp; Charles 11. English, finger protector: Ed
ward Hudson, etereopticon, and Eldridgo J.
Sinita, fender for street cars.
Maryland-Jacob a Detrlck and L. H. BatchelL
Baltimore, feeding device for metal planing
mills; Francis 31. Mackln and C. It Schmidt,
Baltimore, batb-waste and supply coupling;
William V. McManus. Baltimore, car fender;
August Moon and F. 8. Horn. Baltimore, warning
safe; W. Woods, Frostbnrg, sliding gate, and
Theodore Zwermonn. enameling sheet-Iron ware.
Virginia Thomas K. Barrisb, Richmond, manu
facture of wooden vessels, and W. J. Osterman,
Richmond, park scraper.
Two Items From Hoke Smith.
Secretary Smith has declined to approve
tho draft of a proposed circular to be issued
to local land officers, concerning notices of
decision and action taken in cases pending
before the General Land Office, holding that
tbe existing rules and regulations are ample
and need no amendment
Secretary Smith yesterday disbarred Lewis
F. Houpe, of Buffalo, from, practice before
the Interior Department, charged with trans
acting business in connection -with an already
disbarred attorney, and also with not requir
ing administration of oaths'to claimants.
HOW SENATOR HILL
COMES AND GOES.1
Mr. Hill came hero quietly and went to
work quietlv. Hefbegan to ask questions In
the Senate, not haphazard ones, bat questions
lnaicaunc Oat he saw tne trenu ot Busi
ness so far as tha Senato can be said to have ,
had any on those occasions, or ever. Senator I
Hilrs speech' on the silver question attracted '
national attention. In it he took occasion to
ontlino that his views of that period were
identical with those which ho bad ente.tained
a. year, before; ond many of the predlc-.
nous maue m mis silver speech nave lauen j
true. Tho extreme silver men did not cat
any more for Mr. Hill after this expresionlf
his views; but tho general mass of people
West and South did care more for him, for he
took, generally speaking, an attitude favora
ble toward the white metal. This speech, at
all events, stamped him as a man of research
Then came the fight on Hornblower and
then tho light on Peck bam. He won then
both. Ha did more than that; be won scores!
of friends by asking favors of them. ImDlvimr J
without at all saying so, that he was not
merely tho kind of a man who would doi
favors In return, but the kind always found
willing to lay nimscu unaer oongation3 witu
tuts same expectation oi givo ana tane, wni
Is, of course, the rule in ail successmi politid
It has been said uy soma turn. jir. xxm we
ened himself in theso two fights, as ho
hausted in some measure his power to rt
upon his friends for assistance. But a ml
of his activities nnd strength becomes need
sarv to all causes us they present themselvel
for consideration. So It ho3 been with Mil
Hill. Ho has been of consequence to manv.'
Tbey are preparing to help him: and it is a
notable phase of his career in the Senato that
ho is dead game and true to his word.
Senator Hill has been greatly assisted by
his friendship for Senator Marphy and bj '
Senator Murphy's friendship for him. 3Irr i
Murphy Is one of tho most agreeablo ant'l
popular members ot the Senate. There U no
denying it Mr. Murphy doesn t speak as
Mr. Hill does, and doesn't assumo in the j
samo wav the attitude ot leadership; but he is
a splendid wheel-horse worker hi the causes fl
ox Mr. Ulll and in his own causes inaepena- ,
ently; and he, too, is a thorough-going poli
tician, who is prepared to give as well as
take; and, as all ot bis associates know,
here in Mr. Murphy 13 still another strong
quantity, strong by ltsell ana especially so. as I
in tbe cose of Mr. JHUI. by reason of his
thorough understanding and devotion to nis
I hardly see how Mr. Hill's speech can help
his Presidential prospects. Ha fights the in- '
come tax bitterly. That is Mr. Cleveland's
attitudo; but wo don't know that it is Mr.
Stevenson's, or that of any other Democratio
Presidential possibility. Moreover, tho jt- I
come tax is a most popular Democratic canon
in the West and South. It is said by many
western and southern Democrats, indeed
that this income tax feature of the tariff bill
is tbe only means within it by which ths
Democratio party con bo preserved. Nor is
it to be expected that the new political move
ment for a third party. Jn South and West also
will bo able to attach iU'clf to Mr. Hill, nor
does Mr. Hill sbow'any iSigns of attochln?
nimscu to it Jir. iiui .is pernaps n son oij
silver man. but he wouldn't sympathize with! I
any soutnern senators in Breaking awayyi
iruin me ueuiucriiuu potty jut iuu ouv ui
silver, income tax, or anything else. Mr. Bnil
is still a Democrat, and his line ot action
would seem to imply nn expectation on his
part that the Democratic party would get
back to his principles, rather than that he.
however much ho mlsht be disgusted with its
present leadership, should go away seeking
POORLY PAID JANITORS.
Board of School Trustees Tako Up the Sub
ject and Make Recommendations.
The board of school trustees held its regu
lar monthly meeting yesterday afternoon at
the Franklin school building. Those present
were Messrs. Whceply. Bowen, Cornish,
Shadd. Wilson, and Bruce.
A letter from Prof. Webster Edgerly, pr?I-
dent of Martyn College, was read offering a
scholarship In his college to a pupil ot the
public schools, under such restrictions as the
board might see it.
A petition was received asking that a school
houso be located east of Connecticut avenue
extended, west of the Rock Creek road, and
north ot Grant road. "Mr. Bruce spoke for
soma minutes on the need of a public library
and offered resolutions Indorsing" the bill pre
pared bv the board of trade locating the pro
posed uprary in tne new post oince Duuaiog. ,
Tne report of the committee on libraries of ,
the board ot trade dealing with this subject
Mr. Wilson called attention to the cut in
salaries of ianitors ot the cooking schorls.
and the secretary explained that thlswa
necessary as the appropriation for the sup
port ol these schools was small and almost
Mr. Paul T. Bowen then spoke on the small
salaries of the ianitors in' general. He sail
that janitors of eight-room buildings were re
quired to ce skilled mechanics, and II tne
building was heated by steam, to bn steam
engineers. It required all their time to tat e
care ol the Duildlug, and they had to pay
ST a month for charwork. , For all this they .
were allowed only 500 per annum.
Mr. Wheeply said the board hid recom
mended an increase in Janitors pay in the
last estimates, but tbe Commissioners had cut
it out. Mr. Bowen then asked that a similar
recommendation be made this year, which
wa3 assented to.
Mr. Henson Williams was appointed teaciier
at ivy uity, ana Deacon jic.Miu a janitcr.
Applications for appointments as teachers
were received from J. M. Butcher. Gertruds
McNnlty, Harriet M. Hanson, Amy L. May,
Helen Ricmensnyder. Florence Jenkins, Miss
Mausholt, Lucy A. 3Ierriman. Samuel W.Wat
son, Miss Leo Wicker, J. F. Cole. Ethel F.
Strickland. Mary E. Draney. C. W. HIgley,
Louis A. Reinberg, Bessie M. King, Frank
Andrews Myrta A. Tryon. Maud 31. Conliff,
Bessie M. King. Sadie Eddin. Rev. 31artia
Kratt, 3IInna Kupper and W'pton B. Hodge
ana as janitors, irora rrea Vinson, iiooertx
Delaney and Charles Dixon.
KIEFER'S GREAT SCHEME.
He Wants a Canal Connecting the Missis
sippi nnd the Lakes.
Representative Kierer, ot Minnesota, is
taking on active interest in the proposition
for a survey for a cin.il between tho waters of
the Mississippi river and Lake Superior. He
has already introduced a bill asking an ap-l
propriatlon of $10,000 to make this survey.J
The bill was under consideration lost week.
by the Committee on Railways nnd Canals
and was referred to a subcommittee of threol
members with a reauest for an early report
Speaking of the matter yesterday Mr.
Kierer said that in the Fllty-secona uongress
nn amendment wa3 added by the Senate 4
tha river and harbor bill for a survey simihj
to that contemplated in tho pending bill, b
owing to some misunderstanding it was nl
agreed to in tha House. 1
"Tho magnitude and importance of a cona
between these waterways and its effect upos'
tho commerce of the country cannot bo over
estimated " ho said. "It comprehends i
grand revival ot river navigation, and if sus- i
cessfully carried out will enable a boat to load
at Superior ana uuiutn sna all intervening
DOints and carry it3 freight to New York.
"With this canal constructed the interests ot
the North and South will be fully as closely
applied as aro those of the East and West jt
tbe present day, and that, too, at a rate of
transportation nt least one-third lower than
nay to-day. ' I
"This matter of survev to test the Dractica-
bllity of a canal to unite the waters in ques-1
udd uas jong oeen agitated.
"It 13 a work thoroughly national, nnd con
sidering the many benefits that would be
aenvoa tnereirom, it should bo feasible. TM
committee should recommend tha passage of
the bilL I have received a great many letters
frorj the jobbers and business men ot the
large cities ot the North, In which they pro
nounce In favor ot the proposed survey."
Seed fo tha new business manager of '
Times tho names ot any friends who woSil
probably Ilia to see this paper. They will sc 1
Only Two Perfect Women.
Nleollette Ton men are right to accuse) as.
l only know of two perfect women.
Sheldon And who l3 the other?
-.-V -.r.. Iff .J-i. J--