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THE. WASHINGTON TIMES, 'MONDAY,
.JULY 23, 1894.
The Washington Times
j (EVMY DAT IN THE YKABl - -
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The ashinflton Times Company
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WASHINGTON. D. O., JULY 23 1804.
Snbtcribers are earnestly requeued to
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The Weather To-dav.
District of Columbia, showers will continue
to-night and probably during early part of
Monday; slightly wnrmcr; northeast winds.
Virginia, local rains to-night and Monday;
slightly warmer in the interior; northeast
TO SEBTBICT CORPOBATE INFLUENCE.
Senator Allen proposes to introduce a bill
In Congress which shall provide, in tho Sen
ator's own language:
"First. A law prohibiting speculations by Sen
ators and Representatives In Congress In any
class of speculative stocks whose value may be
immediately affected by national legislation.
Whenever a Senator or Itepresentative Is elected
and takes his seat he thereby, at least Implicitly,
agrees with the public that so lone as he holds
his once he will abstain from the transaction of
any private business that may conflict with the
faithful discharge of his public duty. I have
introduced a bill In the Senate making such
speculation a cause for expulsion from Con
gress." The bill should also stipulate that no Senator
or Itepresentative shall be oliglblo to a seat in
Congress so long as he is retained as attorney
for any corporation or individual connected
with a corporation that di;es business with
the public. Nor should ho be permitted to
accept passes, franking books, or any special
favor from any corporation or individual con
nected with a corporation that acts as a
Congress has too many corporation lawyers
for the good of the public, and no measure
comes before that body that proposes to pro
mote the Interests of a corporation without
finding many earnest and zealous defenders.
Railroads and trusts find it an economical
way to prevent objectionable legislation by
retaining prominent attorney Congressmen
as advisory counsel, and by issuing annual
passes or granting other favors to Congress
men generally. It is cheaper than to send a
lobby to Congress to influence legislation
directly and it hat become a general practice.
But wbat'ot the publio who are always suffer
ers from this pernicious method of controll
ing? Senator Allen la right In his effort to pre
vent Senators and representatives from deal
ing in stock, that are liable to bo influenced
by congressional legislation, and he should
go further and amend his bill so as to prohibit
the bribing of Senators and Representatives
in tha minner indicated.
The harmful results of this method of in
fluencing legislation is felt in every com
munity, but in none is it mors apparent than
here in 'Washington, where railroads occupy
publio grounds, use streets for tracks at will,
defy and ignore publio protest and act gen
erally as it they owned the city. But this is
the seat of national legislation and perhaps
that accounts tor their independence.
CHOOSE YOUK SERVANTS.
Sincerity is a qualification not always found
in public men, although there is no calling
that demands more honesty and truthfulness
than tho profession of public servants. The
possession of public office is an honor when
obtained through creditable methods, but
when men reach publio service through mis
representation and fraud, they not only dis
honor their positions but become conspicuous
examples of distrust and deception.
When voters are deceived in their choice of
public men no excuse can bo offered for their
mistake. No man should be elected whoso
Ufa is not known and respected. Men of
standing and character never betray a trust
nor prove faithless in publio office.
It is the scalawag in private life who proves
the rascal In public service. Ho generally
obtains office by deception, and keeps up his
record by forfeiting most of his pledges and
sacrificing public Interest to bis own selfish
gain. There would be fewer rascals in office
if voters would scrutinize the lives of candi
dates and reject all who havo not been pure
and clean. A tree is known by its fruit, and
men's priwito characters are reflected by their
NAVY PERSONNEL CHARGES.
The commission of the two Houses of Con
gress at present investigating the needs of the
personnel of the navy, after weeks of compar
ative inactivity, has at last made good progress
on a bill which, If enacted, will in great meas
ure relieve existing stagnation in tho marine
branch of tho government of the 'United
The sub-committee appointed a short time
ago to report a measure with this object in
view has submitted the result of its labor to
the commission, and this body has since
been discussing it. It will take up the last
feature of the bill to-morrow that relating
to the enlisted men and, it is expected, will
report to the Naval Committees by the end of
the present week, which will in turn report
to their respective Houses.
The bill will bo welcomed by every one who
Is at all interested in the navy. Under its
provisions the youngsters of the service will
be enabled to get command rank before
reaching the retiring age, as Is the present
unfortunate condition; other reforms are
made in ths measure wnlch will benefit tho
service generally, and Congress should not
delay in disposing of such important legis
lation. THE SEAL ISSUE.
An immense amount of printer's and other
Ink Is being spilled just now und wasted In the
discussion of the attitude of President Cleve
land to the Senate, and of the Senate to the
House of Representatives, and then back
again over tho whole route. Ths only alti
tude which appears to be almost entirely
overlooked is that in which the Democratic
pnrty as a whole finds itself to that great
majority of the people of the United -States
which in 1892 commissioned It at the ballot
box to take In its hands the reins of govern
ment and, incidentally and chiefly, to reform
the system of tariff taxation.
Whether it was pertinent or Impertinent in
Frtsldent Cleveland to write the now biitorio
letter bearing date July 2; whether it was
wise or unwise in Chairman Wilson to give
it publicity at tha time and in the manner
ohosen by him; whether Senators are mad'ai
hornets, or Representatives half tickled to
death all these things may furnish a mo
ment's diversion, but they aro absolutely of
no consequenco compared with the honor
and good faith of the Democratia party. It
Is this party to whom the people look for the
fulfillment of distinct and definite pledges
and promises of such a character that
upon tho redemption of them hinges in all
probability the future of the party.
It sounds all very beautiful for one states
man to say to another set of statesmen
"stand Ann," and for another statesman to
give notice to some other set of statesmen
that "wo will light it out on this line." It
would be still moro beautiful if all these
heroic utterances were indicative of unity
and harmony of purpose, and if the standing
firm and fighting it out on that line were di
rected against a common enemy. Instead of
giving evidence of internicine party strife.
But just now declamation is at a discount.
The people have been surfeited with it ad
nauseam. They want action; prompt, vigor
ous, doclsive action and in the right direc
tion. They will not hold President, or Sen
ator, or Representative responsible for failure,
where success was within easy grasp. It
matters not to them whether Smith or Brown
or Jones is angry or placated.
To-day the Democratic party is on trial be
fore the people of the United States, not ten
tatively as to what it can or may do, but
positively as to what it must do because of Its
principles and its pledges, and woe to them
that are stumbling blocks in its way.
OUll OWN MAKE.
Onb! On hi!
Bur-r-r owhl owh!I
I'm the New York World
And I'm In It for myself;
Although, perhaps, yo're
Had the Idea I've been hustlln'
For the people.
Hear mo yelp "Where'd you get it!"
At Bees Croker;
I know where be got It,
And I got some myself, but
It pays to go owh! owhl!
E'en though you don't quit know
What you'r owhlng at.
Then there's the Chinese that
Are smuggled in.
Owhl owh!! Hearmef
Pro bono publico every
Time; that is If
It is also, Incidentally,
Pro bono New York World.
Not the Right Tune.
"Here, haul that grind-organ away or else
quit playin' 'Homo, Sweet Home'," yelled the
irate citizen. "You don't seem to know
that my mother-in-law has just arrived."
"If a body kiss a body.
Need that body cry?" .
And that was all she sang for he,
Just then stepped up to try.
He round the rrults.
"Where, oh where, are the despoiled fruits
of the farmers' Industry and tho " But
this western political stump-speaker said no
more just then because his mouth came into
sudden conjunction with what It was talking
about in the shape of an over-rlpe egg.
Bill Wilson's bill was not dead, but deep
ing. TitE New York Sun Is not disposed to say
much about Mr. Hill's defense of Mr. Cleve
land. It's a long timo till 'D6. Cleveland riain
Dealer. But it's a short time till the fall
With Schwab and Most as settled citizens,
and Mobray just arrived, the census of New
Tori city is bombing.
Tim recent victory of the Vigilant may be a
defeat for Gcorgie Gould's ambition for recog
nition in the Prince's set.
The Boston Herald is discussing "the
greater Boston," but the universe is scarcely
ready to go under one municipal government.
Is ordering a new yacht Mr. Gould gives
life to an old saying to tho effect that eternal
VIgilants is tho prlco of victory, or words to
The Republican's of Texas and the Demo
crats of Ohio might get up a quorum conven
tion by syndicating their delegates and hold
ing joint sessions.
Friday last the Pullman Company declared
its regular quarterly dividond of two per
cent. Its daily dividend of low wages con
tinues business at the old stand.
"TnE responsibility for the fact that the Chi
cago Times is now an Anarchist organ must be
placed on the lato Mr. Prendergast."
Tho nbove appears in the alleged humor
ous paragraphs of tho Chicago Tribune. By
continuing this policy of joking about theter
nblo death of one of the grandest citizens of a
city of grand citizens Mr. Media's ancient
and honorable sheet will soon take rank with
the Arizona Kicker.
THE PRESIDENTS LETTER.
Sprlngnetd Republican: Mr. Cleveland still
Improves as n letter-writer.
Philadelphia Press: The challenge has been
Hung down, and now It is a fight to tho finish.
Boston Herald: Mr. Cleveland's recommenda
tions appear to us eminently wise and proDor in
tho present emergency.
Boston Globe: President Cleveland's letter was
"personal" to Congressman Wilson, but the
bole, country will read it with the keenest In
terest. Philadelphia Times: There Is no doubt that
Vr. Cleveland represents tho sentiment of his
party and the general sentiment of the country
in his desire that the inntruclions upon which
this Congress was elected shall he faithfully
Providence Journal: President Cleveland has
once mpre at a perilous moment come to the
rescue or the Domocratic party from its own less
reputable elements, and whether bo succeeds or
not in his laudable purpose ho desert es great
credit for the endeavor.
Baltimore Sun: Not mora welcome to the ears
of the beleagured derendeta of LUcknow were
the pipes and bugles that announced that relief
was coming than nre to tho American people
the choera that greeted Chairman Wilson's
brave and statesmanlike words in the House
yesterday, and tho trumpet call to duty that
rluge and echoes In every line of President
Cleveland's letter to Mr. YA llson, road In the
ENGLAND'S NEW HEIR.
Boston Herald: And so the York Infant Is
christened Edward Albert Christian Ceureo An
drew Patrick David. And he still lives,
Baltimore American: Tho York baby has been
so named at to propitiate several nations, but It
Is noticed that "Jonathan" was not among the
Binug cuuierreu uu wo iieipiesa iniani.
Philadelphia Ledger: There Is some sneenla-
tionas to which of his various names the now
royal baby will be known by among his familiars
after a while. Possibly "Eddio" or "Al," but cer
tainly not "Patsy."
Boston filnbe: The new Tort baby may never
become King of England, but be has already at
tained to a great name. It was given to him
tho other day, and takes up over a line and a
half of ordinary type.
Providence Journal: The Infant son of tho
Duke of York has been Christened, and will
have to bear through life the burden of the
name of Edward Albert Christian George An
drew Patrick David. This is one of the disad
vantages of royalty, and the worst of it is that
there is no royal exemption from teething or the
CLOAK ROOM AND GALLERY.
Representative Mllllken, of Maine, who was
chairman of tho House Committee on Publio
Buildings and Grounds when tho Republicans
were in the majority in Congress, says he has
not yet given up hopes of getting some action
on a new Government Printing Office site
this session. He will try and make an effort to
havo n sub-committee of three appointed from
tho Senate and Houso Public Buildings and
Grounds Committees, who will try to agree
In advance on some location. It was in this
way that the new po9tofflco site on Pennsyl
vania avenue was Anally selected after six
years of delavs and obstruction, and accord
ing to Mr. Milliken's mind that Is the proper
course.to pursue in the present difficulty.
Senator Wolcott, of Colorado, has now been
absent from the Senate for six months and It
is not expected that he will be back this ses
sion. While he is not a well man, he is under
stood to have made material gains In his
health daring his sojourn over the sea.
When Mr. Reed was Speaker he had to turn
down, a great many requests by members that
a day be assigned them for tho consideration
of a bill, but he made a point of giving full
opportunity to any member on either side of
the House whom he thought was sufficiently
energetic and earnest to accomplish some re
sults if he had the cbanoe.
On one occasion ho was approached by Mr.
William E. Slmonds, of Connecticut, who was
then the Congressman from the district which
Mr. Sperry now occupies, and late Commis
sioner of Patents, and asked for a day for the
international copyright bill, In which he was
deeply Interested. Mr. Reed was reluotant to
grant the request. Slmonds was a new man,
wholly untried. Tho only thing in his favor,
so far as Mr. Reed was concerned, was the
fact that he was a persistent fighter and had
one strong quality, an ability to answer hos
tile queriesln a very good-natured way.
Finally, on Mr. Slmonds' becoming insistent,
Mr. Reed asked him whether ho could handle
the bill. Mr. Slmonds thought he could.
"Were you a country boy?" asked Reed, with
a naif smile. "Yes;" answered Mr. Slmonds.
"Thoroughly accustomed to roughing It In
your youth?" Mr. Slmonds again answered In
the affirmative. "Ever drive cows to pas
ture and ride horses bareback?" Mr. Slmonds
admitted this, too, but with considerable
amazement at the Maine statesman's line of
questions. "Ever been tossed by a bull?"
asked Mr. Reed finally. "No," was the em
phatic reply of Mr. 81monds, who by this
time was pretty well arousod. "Well, I'll
Eh o you a day," said the Speaker, with a
laugh, "und you can try your hand."
Slmonds did so and got his bill passed.
Not along ago there was a hearing before a
certain Houso committee on the question pro
posed by tho American Architectural League
of requiring the designs for new publio build
ings to be selected by awatd on general com
petition. Tim Campbell, of New lork, who
was present, listened for a long tlme.ln silence
while the arguments were mado.' Almost
every one was being slowly convinced that
there was merit In the suggestion and the rep
resentatives of the league wore very well
Just as the bearing was breaking up Tim
Campbell looked up in a disgusted way and
was beard to say, "1 11 be hanged if I believe
that's the rolght way to get plans. I'd get
proictical men and then put them under heavy
bonds to furnish the best designs. That's the
way to do it."
Two people don't always have tho same
view on the merits of aspeecb. This was well
emplifled one day last week when there was a
great row over an amendment to an appro
priation bill In the Senate which Senator
Squire, of Washington, was insisting on with
considerable fire and determination, much to
the discomfiture of Senator Cockrell who was
in charge of the bill. A strangercame into one
of the galleries and quietly took a seat near
one of the oldest inhabitants of the gallery,
who happens to come from Missouri and to bo
a great admirer of Cockrell.
Tho Missouri Senator was just going oft
into one of his paroxyisms of excitement over
an amendment. Now there is nothing that
really provokes Mr. Cockrell half as much as
an amendment does. At times It makes him
fairly furious, and If It happen that the
amendment provides for the appropriation
of a small additional sum for any use, or at
tempts to reoudiato the action of his pet Com
mittee on Appropriations, Mr. Cockrell Is
He was just entering one of these outbursts
of fury and was shouting and gesticulating
in n very nervous way, which was perhaps In
tensified by the fact that thcro appeared to
be some danger that tho amendment might
During the storm which Mr. Cockrell
was raising the stranger began to look very
much worried, and finally he got up and
started out, saying to the Missouri man as he
left, "I really can't stand this; such a noise Is
too hard on my nerves." The MIssourian
was aroused as only a MIssourian can bo,
"Noise," said ho, "noise! why man, out our
way that's eloquence." Tnen he added
with a tone of sadness, "Stranger, where wuz
Tho other day when Mr. Reed was te.isln g
the Democrats overtheirconferen) report on
tho diplomatic and consular appropriation
bill, but in that quizzical way of his, which a
man of tho most acuto Intellect would not
fully appreciato, Tim Campbell, of New York,
sat quietly in his seat In tho House studying,
with deep interest, every gesture and word
wlilcli tho jlalno statesman employed. 1 Hon
with alook of half-way amusemeut and feigned
satisfaction, Mr. Campbell got up, and as he
started to go out into tho cloakroom, he said
to the member who was sitting next to him:
"I don't exactly eaten on to what Tom Reed is
doin', but I Buppose he must be a-kiddin' us,
Chairman Heard, of Missouri, of the House
District Committee, has been looking out for
his constituents tho past few days, and
among other things has secured tho favorable
report of the War Department on two pro
posed bridgps. Mr. Heard was for doing the
think up quickly, and so ho got the depart
ment to have tho report telegraphed Instead
of sent by mall. This will advance tha bills
on tho calendar and help their chances for
All of which enterprise on the part of Mr.
Heard speaks well for the oxccutlve capacity
developed by being tho chairman of a Dis
trict of Columbia committee.
Anent the numerous uncertain reports to
the effect that Senator Hill Is to be married, ,
reports which have clustered about his name
ever since ho came into prominence, a recent
incident tends to show that there may be more
truth than poetry in them. In conversation
with a friend some days ago. Senator Hill
said that he ha I located at the Normandie for
various politic- reasons, but that he had been
looking about for a long time for a suitable
residence, and that he Intended to keep house
Tho last phrase is the significant one. Bear
ing in mind the f requcnt stories about Senator
Hilt's alleged tendency to tho matrimonial
state, this may mean a great deal.
RECENT POLITICAL GOSSIP.
lion. Robert Lincoln declares that he knows
nothing of an organized effort to boom him
for the Presidency.
It is claimed that Hon. T. C. Piatt looks
with fnvor upon the gubernatorial candidacy
of Hon. Levi P. Morton.
Tbero is talk of ex-Secretary Stephen B. El
kins as Chairman Wilson's opponent In the
approaching Congressional race.
Mrs. Lease and Mrs. Dlggs aro keeping up
their wordy war and the Kansas Populists are
considerably wrought up over tho contro
versy. Mnyor Gllroy Is credited with a shrewd
piece of politics in his action dividing the Re
publican representation on the NewYorfc board
between tho warring Republican factions.
It is alleged that the Chicago Democratic
managers decided it would be unwise to re
nominate Congressman Durborow on ac
count of his views concerning the striking
Pennoyer, tho blackguard governor of Ore
gon, blames all our recent industrial trouble
on the goldbugs. As Pennoyer is soon to
tumble out of the office whlch'he disgraces, it
may not be out of place to speak of him as a
Going away on your tacaUont Tho Timto will
m triti ,tnf In rt (Tf?fc.. nutiit i-hkU tiw
Ijr ....- j,.iv ... ui.j, hh. .., viu jii imw, j VI
IS centi a month.
CORRIDOR AND CURB.
Senator Joe Hawley is most enthusiastic
member of the Loyal Legion. He rarely
misses a meeting and is always ready for a
reminiscent speech or a jolly war-time song.
"It is quite a sight," said a prominent Loyal
Legion man last night at Willard's hotel, "to
see General Ilawley pull out his leather epec
taclo case, and adjust his old-fashioned spec
tacles on his nose, and opening the Legion
song book line out the words of 'Marching
Through Georgia,' or 'John Brown's Body
Lies a Mouldering in the Grave,' using the In
dex finger of bis right hand as a baton, and
leading the 'boys,' as General Hawley calls
them, in these rousing songs of '61 and '63.
"At a meeting of the Ohio Commandery,
Loyal Legion, held soma years ago at the
Burnot house in Cincinnati, Gen. Hawley was
the distinguished guest Late Presldnt It. B.
Hayes was alive then and presided at the
meeting. Among the other speaker were
Gen. Lew Wallace, Gen. Scliofiold, and Gen.
Sherman, but Hawley reached the hearts of
all by his genial comradeship, and was tho
favorite of the evening. About 3 o'clock in
the morning, after tha banquet and speeches
had been concluded, the assembly escorted
Gen. Hawley to that part of the hostelry
where cocktails, mint juleps, and deceptive
Loyal Legion punch were dispensed, taking
the orchestra with them. Gen. Hawley was
crowned with a dripping wreath of sinilax
and then bodily lifted upon a lofty table by
his comrades. He entertained 'the boys' for
over an hour with songs, In his clear, ringing
voice, ana no one moro win ever lorgei ,jiow
handsome he looked, despite the surround
ings. One of tho chorus and most interested
auditors was Gen. Rutherford B. Hayes, who
enjoyed the good time as much as any one,
but clung with temperance tenacity to his
apollinaris water throughout the evening."
Last week, two prominent statesmen, one
a Senator, the other a Congressman, decided
to have an old-fashioned supper of steak and
onions, and with this in view quietly repaired
to a restaurant where they satisfied their de
sires. Later they went to the theater where
they met a fnend In the foyer, and stopped to
chat for a fow moments. It wasn't long be
fore the two saw that something was wrong
with their friend. Ho sniffed the air with a
disgusted look, and presently remarked that
there must be some very uncultured people In
the audience who had eaten onions, ami pro
posed that tho party move to the otber slda
of the house.
The Senator klckedthe shin of the Con
gressman and they both smiled and followud
The Irrepressible onions still tainted the
air despite the electric fans. By this time
their friend had lost all control of his nerves
and his temper. The war clouds gathered on
his brow and ho looked threatening. As tho
odor of tho onions became intenso the storm
broke and he burst forth with, "Why. every
d d person In the house has been eating
onions!" and he picked up his bat and took a
Buenos Amlgo, Peru, Where the Commun
istic Theory Is Literally Carried Out.
M. C. dn Varigny, a Frenchman, gives an
uncommonly Interesting account of a social
istic settlement in Peru, nearly forty years in
existence, and said to be successful at least
in material ways. It Is an extreme example
of state socialism, wherein the tastes and
rights of Individuals are sacrificed to tho
community, and even hat are supposed to
be primal human sentiments aro disregarded.
Don Jose Rodriguez, n socialist Peruvian,
obtained In 1653 from the government of Peru
a large land grant on the Cototo river and
established there with sixty-five others the
colony of Buonoi Amigos. As be furnisned
most of the money for the experiment ha be
came director and lawmaker.
Tho colony now has 1,000 members, mostly
of Spanish races, but including Germans,
TntrllaH nnd Amnrt?inc 'I tin Initntaa. Iia
been chiefly from births, though recruits are
received upon evidence of good character
and tbo payment of $500 each to the common
Negroes and Indians aro excluded and re
ligious proselytlsra Is forbidden.
Lnnds, tools, and products are the property
of tho community, and all surplus products
nre sold abroad, the proceeds going to tho
common treasury. Rations are distributed
alike to all. but whoso will pay for luxuries,
whether of food, clothing, or household fur
niture, may obtain them from tne common
store. The imperishable portion of such
things, however, remain common property
even when in tho hands of the Individual.
Tho community Is divided into deparments,
divisions, and sections. .Each section chooses
and may remove Its own head, and heads cf
sections nominats division directors, who in
turn chooso department chiers. Those Inst
are removable only by a majority voto of the
community. They nre In effect ministers
of works, education, trade, and health, thoso
being the titles of the departments, and col
lectively they constitute a tribunal discharg
ing duties elsewhere confided to ministers of
justice and finance.
The Department of Works looks after agri
culture, stock raising, mining, manufactures,
and all public works. That of education
deals with schools, music and the mechanic
arts. That of trnde with exports, Imports
and the distribution of products. That of
health with houses, hospitals and young
An hour's work Is the unit of the financial
system, and the monetary table runs thus:
CO minutes one hour.
8 hours one day.
5 days one week.
4 2-3 weeks ono month.
l'i months one year.
State notes of equal size but different colors
represent each of thee denominations. The
hour Is arbitrarily fixed for the purpose of
outtldo trade at a valuo of about 23 cents.
Minute notes, worth about one-half a cent,
are for small transasctions. These notes are
given in exchange for work done. The time
notes are guaranteed by a reservo of bullion
exceeding the face value of the whole issue.
A member quitting tho colony may ex
chango his notes for Peruvian money, and In
addition he will receive hi share of tho
Although the full working day is eight
hours, only four hours, and for only five dajs
a week, are exacted. From that no adult in
sound health can escape. Any person falling
to work twenty hours in tho five days that
constitute the working week must make up
that tlmo on Saturday or Sunday. Under the
oye of an overseer armed with a leather strap,
If this enforced labor is done in slovenly
fashion, the culprit Is beaten with the strap.
There is no marriage law. A man and n
woman live together in a free union, and
either may find another mate when tired of
thu arrangement. A woman at the approach
of childbirth goes to a hospital and stays there
with her child until It is weaned. Then she
leaves It in the hospital to tho care of trained
From the hospital the child goes to a publio
school, where It lives night and day until
grown to the ago when work is exacted of all.
Then tho new member of the working com
munity is set at whatever task his or her apti
tudes, as developed at school, seem to point
out as the proper one. The pay is tho same
for every kind of labor.
Private houses at Buenos Amigos are plain,
but airy. A large, common building Is hand
somely built of free stone and marble taken
from tho community's quarries. Tbo streets
nre well made and clean, and an aqueduct to
bring in water from the Cototo river Is nearly
completed. All these public works are carried
on by the labor of tho community, under the
direction of the departments.
When one department has more workmen
at Its command than it needs they are turned
over to such departments as are short of
hands. Thus everybody is kept busy at least
four hours a day, and as much longer as he
will, with pay for overtime.
John Most would approve of at least one
point in this scheme of living, the marriage
arrangement. Most, consistently enough,
considering his possessions, usually refuses to
Indicate what sort of a commonwealth he ex
pects to see established upon the ruins of
things as they ore, but he has declared for
free love and the care of children by tho com
munity. This gets rid of a difficulty that advocates
free love under present social conditions of I
nave not been anie to meet, tne question of
who shall be responsible for the children
that may come ol these aaally dissolved
JOLLY JACK TARS ARE THEY
Empire State Naval Reserve Oat on
Their Annual Cruise.
DISTRIBUTED ON TWO BIG SHIPS
Miking Themselves at Home on ths Hew
, York and San Francisco Commended by
the Officials of the Big Cruisers for Their
Seamanship and Good Conduct.
GAtiDWEn's Bay, L. I., July 22. The jolli
estlotof amateur jack tars that ever strode
tho deck of a United States warship were
those members of tbo naval reserve who em
barked for a week's sea work on the United
States cruisers New York and San Francisco
yesterday forenoon. The naval militia, num
bering about three hundred and fifty men, are
about equally divided between the warships.
The first and fourth divisions of tha New
York naval reserve are on the New York
under command of Capt. Muller and Llents.
Forshew and Stayton, while the second and
third divisions are on the San Francisco in
chnrge of Llents. Greene and Duncan. The
naval reserves of the first and second sepo
rato divisions number seventy-five men and
six officers all of whom, with the exception
of thirteen men are the New York. The offi
cers are: Lieutenants J. Mott Angle, E. N.
Walbridge; Xleutenants (junior grade), C.
Avery, F. M. Enos, and Ensigns F. Andrews,
and J. J. Leary. The marines from both
ships were left ashore, and the regular jack
ets went to the marine quartors, giving up
their own to the visitors.
The San Francisco, with Admiral .Oscar F.
Stanton on board, passed Tompklnsville, S.
I., shortly before noon nnd led the way,
closely followed by tho larger cruiser. The
Columbia started a few minutes later on ber
way to BlueQelds, and the three formidable
ships passed out to sea In beautiful weatner
with a light southerly breeze blowing. When
tlu) Sandy Hook lightship was reached the
Columbia headed south and the New Y,orlc
slgnaled "good bye," but got no answer
from the Columbia's officers,
As soon as the reserves got aboard the New
York they were shown to their quarters and
Instructed as to their stations and tho hand
ling of tho guns. The men, after making
themselves accustomed to their newsurround
ings, sat around on the forecastle deck and
amused themselves playing nnd singing until
they were suddenly called to Are quarters by
the ringing of the lire alarm. After the tire
drill had been gone through there was noth
ing further asked of them until to-day.
Last evening tho weather grew misty and
at 9 o'clock a fog sot in which held until 2
o'clock this morning. The San Francisco led
tho way at about half speed and the cruisers
kept their whistles going during the night to
avoid accidents. Before midnight the
wind shitted to north-northeast and
increased to a fresh breezo at 3
a. m. At daybreak Block Island was
slghtod on tbo port bow and at 3 o'clock
Watch Hill, R. I., was abeam. Tho cruisers
dropped anchor In Gardiner's bay at 10
o'clock, about two miles from Long Beach
andsaven miles from Gre;nsport. The offi
cers and men of the naval militia were each ap
pointed to a position and they went through
the watches with the regulars. Early this
morning they wcro up and doing.
They scrubbed the decks, polished brass
work, made up tho hammocks, and in fact
did everything necessary to put things In
shape, while the regulars stood by watching
tnjirwork being done by tho volunteers.
The weather during the day was cloudy and
a light rain fell, which made it a little dis
agreeable, but the men did not seem to mind
it; in fact they relished cool, refreshing
breezes after having escaped from tho
sizzling heat which they experienced on shore
during the past week.
WIX.L MIKE A OOOD snOWlNO.
The men on the San Francisco were put to
stations for abandoning ship nnd also went
through a flro drill. In all otner respects the
work dono was a counterpart of that on the
New York. On the whole, the men made a
very good Impression, and Capt. Philip and
the other officers of the cruiser declared they
would make a good showing by the end of
Owing to the absence of the chaplain
Capt. Philip conducted tho services on the
larger ship this morning, and afterward
visited Admiral Stanton on tho flagship.
Commander Miller, of the reserves, also
visited the admiral, and when he re
turned preparations were made to despatch
the boats' crews of militia to the
islands In the vicinity. According to tho
programme, about three o'clock this after
noon four boat3' crews went away fully
equipped for taking information and signal
ling They expected to remain out all night
and took sufficient rations with them. To
morrow there will bo many drills, including
a great gun drill,and on Tuesday and Wednes
dry the men will smell powder, as the ship
will put out to sea and all the guns will be
put to use.
Capt. Phillip received orders from Admiral
Stanton to-day to proceed to Philadelphia
next week and take the naval reserve of that
city on a three days' cruise. There is
no sickness reported on either ship
and the men are all in good
health and spirits. Messages aro being
continually exchanged between the ships, and
the novices have a chance to become well ac
quainted with the "wigwag" system. The
crews on both vessels are doing everything
they can to make the visitors comfortable,
and the utmost good-fellowship exists.
No Interference With the G. A. R.
Clevu. iXD, Ohio, July 22. G. A. R. men
in this city who have feared that the holding
of the annual meeting of the Army of the
Cumberland, a Chickamaugn, on September
20, would interfere with the annual encamp
ment of the Grand Army, at Pittsburg, be
ginning on September 22, have been in corre
spondence with Gen. II. V. Boynton, secretary
of tho society, who says in a letter that ail
the members of the executive committee, with
the exception of Rotecron3, have agreed to a
postponement of the Cbickamauga meeting
for one year, so that it will occur at the same
time as the dedication of Cbickamauga Park.
General Rosecrans has not been heard
CAUSED BY BAD LAVS,
"General" Randall's Explanation of the
Causes of Enforced Indlencss.
Typographical Temple was about two-thirds
filled yesterday afternoon with peoplo who
went to listen to "General" J. H. Randall.
Congressman H. A. Coffeen opened the
meeting with a fow remarks, in the course of
which he stated he had for many years known
"General" Randall as an able writer and
speaker in behalf of the wealth producers and
the unfortunate and idle, and he Introduced
him as a sincere, practical patriot, who bad
earned tho title of "General" by organizing
his army and nrousing a public sentiment
that fed nnd sustained it so as to enable him
to get from Chicago to this city.
"Gen." Randall said: "The condition of
the industrial classes for some months past
and at present has never been paralleled in
our country. To feed 50 or 500 idle men who
are bunting a job and out of money in as
many different communities does not excite
any serious attention, but the combination of
theso same men into groups of 50 to
1,000 and these into commonweal and
industrial armies, and the spectacle of towns
and cities from twelve to thirty miles apart,
over a distance of 1.000 miles, voluntarily and
from hnmane considerations feeding them
and encouraging them on their way to the
seat of government, is an object lesson that is
sure to have tome effect toward checking the
growth of the army of men now suffering
from enforced Idleness.
"The highest principle I know Is to work
to prevent human suffering. Bad statesman
ship, bad laws, wicked", tclflih-buslness man
agement, has been increasing the army of
men suffering from lack of employment every
year for twenty years past. W ben the great
managers of Industries In other governments
hnve tailed to keep the people employed, it
has more than once become necessary for
publio work to bn provided for the safety of
government nnd the peace of socioty,
"The leaders of the Commonwenl Army
have been called wicked and revolutionary
disturbers of the peace. The membership of
this army is composed almost entirely of men
In enforced idleness, who joined because they
were suffering from hunger.
"At one of the leaders I have simply sought
to arouse a sentiment and awaken the Amer
ican conscience in order that these men
should be fed, and at the same time
to force conviction upon the pnblio
mind that there Is a way to use the
human energy now 'being wasted In
Idleness, at least to the extent of enabling it
to produce what it must consume, and thus
free the humane and poor, as well as the tax
payers, now burdened with the expense of
feeding the army of the idle."
"Gen." Randall will speak again at the
same place next Sunday at 3 p. m., and will
presenilis remedy for the present depressed
business and enforced idleness.!
BEGINNING FRIDAY'S BATTLE.
AN ETCHING OP THE SENATE.
What wondrous things the seas wash up!
Yesterday befell the tariff squall. The sudden
shift in the wind was Cleveland's letter. And
the Cleveland letter has blown a Senate
hurricane all day and lashed the surface
of that stagnant pool of legislation to
fury. One wondrous unexpected thing
washed up was Vilas. Through all this tariff
war of months Vilas, tho chief of the pine
landers, has been mum, glum, dumb, and
inactive. He said nothing, but sawed wood
presumably pine. Yesterday came Cleveland's
letter to Wilson and fell upon the Sen-,
ate like a pan of milk from a top Bhelf. And
to-day Vilas, the pinelander, aroused himself,
and it was he who offered the resolution to
knock out the one-eighth steal In favor of the
sugar ring. Not only that, but Vilas made a
speech and thumped nnd cuffed and kicked
the sugar ring, and called it a liar, thief and
villain, and threw oral rocks at it in a way
that was a sin. And Vilas against the sugar
trust is good as far at it goes. It also tends to
'prove that as affairs sbape.up Cleveland him
self win Aid lir tearing tne sugar ring to
pieces. Palmer also arose and announced a
determination to vote with Vilas against the
larcenous sugar ring's one-eighth. It looks
ps if Haemeyer might yet drink defeat in his
To-day was a swelterer. Tet the Senate
galleries were crowded with a jammed and
hot humanity, bent to see the fun. The
crowd was made op mainly of the Summer
lady, both old and girlish. The galleries
were tier on tier, bank on bank'of muslin,
and n waving fretwork of fans. Down on
the Senate floor, back of those oil men who
belong, but should not be there, were at least
150 House members. They, too, had como
over to witness the sullen valor of tho Senate
yesterday leaped upon and maligned by the
nnito iiouse ana now aoout to resent tne as
sault upon its reputations and dignity. Floor
and galleries held at least 4,000 onlookers.
The Senate is one of the arenas of legitimate
Washington amusement. And why not.
SpanUb ladles scramble, squeak, and "giggle
to behold a bull fight. Why should not the
capital fair swarm to a row in the Senate? At
noon to-day almost every Democrat In the
Senate wus angry. He bad been lull of wrath
all night. Hill had a wicked smile as might
u fiend made happy In some sudden harvest of
woe. Harris, the terrible who may now be
called Harris, tho hairless took the chair,
and with a choleric face demanded order.
Harris has caused his hair to be shaved off,
and his denuded head is a fine picture of raw
material. As the statesmen senk into
their seats and faced Harris, the Democrats
looked ugly, whilo the Republicans wore an
uppearance of polite pleasure. It was not
their funeral. The row which had fallen be
tween Cleveland and their colleagues over
thu nisie, was from the standpoint of the
black party, a mighty c.ise of dog cat dog.
Tho Republicans were prepared to enjoy
tbo fracas, and had only a hope that
each dog involved might cripple tho otber.
As one cast an eye over the Senate it
showed Smith, hot inwardly and with a fear
at heart for the safety of tbe sugar steal,
but garbed coolly in white linen. Joe Black
burn sported a pink negligo shirt and a neck
tie of arterial crimson, tho war colors of Ken
tucky. Vest looked more angry and snarly
than usual, and a; ho slouched down in his
seat, his head was between his shoulders and
hi neck entirely disappeared. Gorman was
there, pale and peak, waving a fan In a
desponding wny. Gorman will be sick by the
middle of next week. Ho wont to bed the
moment Hill began to Are in bis free list
amendments, and he will fall a prey to the
doctor possibly at this pinch.
Cleveland's letter kept them all awake last
night. Calmly read it meant tree coal, free
iron, and a tax on sugar. And if the Senate
had kept its tempor and bit its scolding old
tongue to silence the House would and could
have agreed on that basis. But Cleveland's
letter was obscure as to sugar and perfectly
plain In its assault on Sennte rottenness. So
the Senate chose to become full of wrath at
the letter and got itself ready all night to
speak Its spiteful mind on tho mor
row. Smith "wrote a speech. He went
at it after conferring with Gorman in
the Senate. Gorman, Gibson, Camden, Brlce,
Vest, Blanchard, Cnffrey, Smith, Me-Pher-son,
and Murphy promised each other to
refuse all bills but the present Senate bill and
vote "no" on all tariff measures that failed to
carry the ring schedules on sugar, coal, and
iron. These bolstered each other np at hit'
night's conference, nnd agreed to make
speeches to-day against Cleveland, all vitriol
and caustic. As it turneajout. some of them
did and some didn't. But while tbe injured
and "calamlnated" Senators were in scold
ing conference tho House men were also get
ting together In hotels and other places and
holding llttlo powwows and war jigs of their
own. They began, too, to discover that the
longer they thought it over tho more Cleve
land's letter tickled them. It might be im
pertinent to the Senate, but it let the House
men out. It presented a battle between
Cleveland and tbe Senate and offered tho be
deviled House man, sighing to return, an
excuse for any tariff thing which could now
turn up. If the times went for a free list and
the people's rights, if the upeome was
the overthrow of rlngism, he could
return to bis constituents and placing bis
dexter paw over his proud heart, bow and
say "mo and Cleveland did it." If on the
other side things fell by the wayside and went
to general tariff smash and crash he could
still crawl out on Cleveland liko some tired
terrapin on soma log, and still point to the
White House as the source of all destruction
and a tariff cause far beyond tho House terra
pin's control. A. H. Lewis In the Chicago
Concluded Not to Strike.
St. Locis, Mo., July 22. The coal miners
cf the Belleville, III., district, whose wage
conference began yesterday, to-day -decided
by an overwhelming voto not to strike, but to
work any mlno paying the Scale, disagree
ments to be localized and not made general.
It is understood that outside of the Consoli
dated Coal Company, the Madison Coal Com
pany, the Brandenburg Mining Company,
and a few others, all tbo operators in St.
Clair county have agreed to tho scale.
Strike Is Still On.
Pceblo, Col., July 22. All the executive
board of the United Mine Workers' Associa
tion nre in the city. They say that the strike
is still on and will be on until some agree
ment can be made with the operators.
Across the Ocean.
Tho Constantinople correspondent of tbe
London Standard telegraphs that notwith
standing the attempts at concealment It is
clearly established that over a thousand per
sons lost their Uvea during the recent earth
quakes. The police arrested twenty nihilists In St.
Petersburg yesterday. No reason is known
for the arrests, but it is conjectured that they
were due to tbe discovery of a plot against
the life of the Czar.
IjANACEA FOR LABOR ILLS
Great Interest in the Bill of Repre
IT WILL PUT AN END TO STRIKI
Its Purpose It to Solve the Oreat Question
Equality Between If an and Man PretJ
Laws Hot in Keeping wita the Ipiriq
Our Inttitstiont and of the Age,
Great interest is being manifested all
the country, more especially in promh
labor circles, in the bill introduced In tl
House of Representatives last week, by Hon
Thomas W. Phillips, of Pennsylvania, thi
full text of which was printed exclusively
Tun Tims of Thursday last, and which ha
since been copied by many other papel
throughout tbe country.
Should the bill become a law, which is con"
fldently expected, Its promoters claim for if
that it will be a practical and final solution ol
all labor and capital problems, and will pu
an end to strikes. The bill is to authon
the appointment of a non-partisan con
sion to collate information and recomn
legislation to meet the problems presea
by labor, agriculture and capital.
Mr. Phillips, author of the bill, said ye
"This bill 13 designed to give an fmpail
hearing to moss wno complain ol ciscu
nating laws and unequal burdens! II
bring Into conference representative v
labor, agriculture and business, thus
lug the aggrieved and thoso against
the grievance is made together, whose
will Iia in n.enmmend latrtt InnlHnty trtw
more iust distribution of the burdens
benefits of ourfree government. It is deals
to be impartial, seeking exact facts and con
tions. taking the matter out of partisan tx
tics. This is important along all lines of il
duties, especially in regard to tne launlg
tion Question. It seeks to conform lesisla
tlon to the fcundation principles of thlt gov
ernment, to place all men on an equal foot
ing before tha law.
OnZAT QUISTIOIf THAT OT EQCALITT.
"Tbe great question Involved la that el
equality. This is the greatest question of this
nation, and the world. It must now be appar
ent that this nation has been as false to its de
clared principle of equality as it was to Its
declared principle of freedom. No great
event in all history has been more clearly
pointed out in advance than that of a coming;
social or industrial revolution; this will come
in blood. It not by law. This bill seeks to ac
complish this change by law.
"The two great classes now organized an!
making the strongest protest ag(4nst discrim
inating laws nnd unjust burdens are the la
borers and the farmers. These are the most
important classes of society. Without labor,
none can accumulate, and all development
would cease. Labor is the basis of all wealth,
nnrl tisa Kdn frnm tVia tfmtti strtOT fZfA afrV '
'In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat
bread till thou return unto the ground.'
Again, from the products of the toll w
receive all sustenance. Without the farmtr
tbe world would be a wilderness. The mass
ing of capital and labor, which has
been i caused by the discovery and usa
oi steam ana electric power anu laveauou ei
modern machinery, has brought us to face
a new industrial problem of great magnitude.
History furnishes us with no precedent or ex
ample for its solution. But it is found in tha
divine law, the golden rule, and future legis
lation must proceed along this line.
OUE LAWS A WAT BZHT5D THE AOE.
"It Is my judgmentthat our laws have In no)
sense kept pace with the new discoveries, in
ventions, and developments of the age. Tha
world has made more progress in physical
development and sclentidc discovery in the
last hundred years than It did In the preced
ing six thousand. While the founders of
this republic declared new principles, yet the
laws they adopted were largely taken from a
monarchy and belong to a darker age, when
labor was oppressed, had no voice in the
government and had not even the right of
organization. We thus put our 'new wine in
old bottles," and they are bursting with new
fermentation. We say 'government exists
for the people,' yet we took our laws from
those who say that 'the people exist for ths
"The barbarous ages are passed. Feudalism
is gone. Serfdom has been destroyed and
slavery has perished from the earth; the final
and grcntest political and social problem of
the. world, the question of equality, has come
to the front and is pressing for solution with
"While this bill seeks to meet the just de
mands of ail classes, It must, however, be
borno in mind that this is not a class govern
ment, it is not a government of laborers,
farmers, manufacturers, transporters, or busi
ness men, but it is a government of the peo
ple. No one class established thl3 govern
ment in eight years of war. No one class
saved it in four years of rebellion, and no one
class can over govern it unless it be by des
FRANCIS HORAK DROWKED.
Untimely Death of a Prominent Young
Resident of Washington.
Francis Horan, 21 years of age, and tha
son of Major Horan, superintendent of the
National Museum, was drowned while bath
ing at Giesboro Tolnt on Saturday.
Mr. Horan was at the time of his death in
tbe employ of Mr. Scott, who owns Giesboro
Snturday night about 9 o'clock Horan and
John Scott, the son of bis employer,
went In swimming. Young Horan was
an excellent swimmer, and after entering
tho water be and his friend started for a race.
Horan soon got tar in advane of his compan
ion and had turned to swim back to the
shore, when Scott's attention was attracted
by his violent coughing. Looking
bnck he saw Horan In an apparently
sinking condition crying for help. He at
once started toward Horan, but before he
could reach him the unfortunate man disap
peared entirely from view.
Tho body was recovered In a few moments,
but life was found to be extinct
Jndge Baker's Mistake.
In hearing acase at Indianapolis Judge Baker,
of the Feteral court, asserted from the bench
that every strike to be successful must Involve
violence. Intimidation, and wrong. His exact
"Every one that has any sense at all knows
that a strike would not amount to anything un
less they follow it out by violence. They know
that If they would do what they hare a right to
do, decently and orderly go about their business
and leave tha employes alone, a strike would
not amount to anythlnr. They know il would
This statement Is not true, nistory contra
dlcta it. The great English mining strike, one
of tho greatest in tho world, was conducted to
success without violence, and that was but ono
of many examples
It Is a grievous pity that a Judge on the bench
ahonld talk ith so loose a disregard of facts
oven upon indifferent subjects. It is greatly
more thin a pity that a Judge should so deliver
himself upon a matter likely at any moment to
come before him in anyone of a hundred shapes
for Judicial determination.
Such utterances discredit him. They cast
doubt upon his Intelligence. They create s.is
piclon as to his Impartiality where Judicial calm
and fairness are most Imperatively needed la
orderthat the rulings of courtsmay be respected.
They suggest either Ignorance of the tacts of re
cent history or a reckless disregard of them, an
either state of mind Is lamentable In a Judge.
New York World.
He w a Noted Chieftain.
Fort Watse, Ind., July 22. James God
frey, the oldest surviving chief of the Miami
tribe of Indians, died here on Saturday, aged
85. He was a noted chieftain, possibly the
most noted after the death of Chief Richard
vllle, whose daughter he married. She was a
famous princess, who refused to speak Eng
lish after being taught the language. Ills
sons are prominent citlzeM.