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THE WASHINGTON TIMES
VOL.1. NO. 139.
WASnTtfGTON, D. C, FRIDAY MORSTTN'GK AUGUST 3, 1894.
,p .. 5.i, r - ,'S7TJ?f?25S!5
ASSASSIN SANTO ON TRIAL
Unparalleled Exhibition of Cynicism
and Cold Bloodedness.
HILLING OF CARNOT REHEARSED
Ee Declares that He Alone Meditated the
Harder Audience Shocked Beyond De
scriptionTestimony of Eye-witneises
Police Trying to Prove a Plot
Lyons, Aug. 2. Anarchist Caesario Sinto
was placed on trial to-day for tho murder of
Tbo court house was guarded by strong de
tachments of police and military, and the
courtroom was packed with an audience
largely made up of ladies, young and gaily
dressed. About ono hundred specially se
lected newspaper men are squeezed into a
spaco large enough for about twenty, and
they will be under strict control, by reason of
the new anti-anarchist law. Tor the first time
In the experience of many of them their
"copy" will be edited by tho judge presiding,
and they will be directed as to what they are
not to put In their reports under penalty of
The prisoner entered the courtroom at 9.15,
and the indictment was at once read to him.
When It had been finished the presiding Judge,
M. Breuillac, began to question the accused.
Eanto declared that be had never been ill and
that he was responsible for Ins actions, lie ad
mitted having written since his arrest to his
mother that he had killed tho President "from
anarchistic motives." Ho foiled tho repeated
efforts ot the judge to draw from him fnlorma
tion as to tho means adopted by anarchists to
communicate with each other, and as to his
Immediate associates In anarchism, lie stated
that his relations were always with anarch
ists as "naturally 1 could not consort withtho
Santo, in reply to the judge's questions, de
tailed his departure from Cetto, whero he
planned the assassination, his purchaso of the
polgnard with which he stabbed Carnot, and
Lis arrival in Lyons, saving:
"I came straight hero to execute my mis
Elon." Ho then told tho story of the tragedy,
TELLING THE STOBV OT HIS CHIME.
"When I was opposito tho gate from which
tho President was about to emerge I knew
that persons of mark alwajs sit on the right
side of tho carriage. Therefore I crossed to
tho ngbt-hand side of the piement I bad
trouble in keeping in tho second row of spec
tators, as so many people were anxious to
get a glimpse of the President. At D o'clock
there was a buzz of excitement as President
Carnot was entering his carriage. Tho people
cried, 'Vivo Carnot,' Mvo la republique!'
"I liid mv left hand on tho carnago and
hustled aside a young man who was In my
way. Then I made a dasn at the President
and dealt him a violent thrust with my dag
ger. Tho blade stuck fast in his breast and
my hand touched his coat.
"As I stabbed him I cried, 'Vivo la revolu
Judge Breuillac asked tho prisoner what
occurred at tho tragic moment when ho
caught President Carnot's ej o. The prisoner
"President Carnot looked mo straight in
the face. I felt his deep glance tho moment
I poignardod him."
Sensition and uproar.
Continuing, the prisoner ndded:
"I ran quickly off. shouting 'Vive la an
nrchio,' but I was stopped by tno crowd."
Iteplying to the question, "Did you not
wish to striko elsewhere?" Cesario exclaimed,
flercelj "I wished to strike his heart, but my
arm failed me tho blow glanced."
The president of the court completed tho
narrativ o of the crime and said." The result
of jour crime was President Carnot's doath."
HE HATED SOCIETY.
Cesario, npon hearing this remark, ironi
cally remarked: "I sm an anarchist and I
hate the bourgeois, society and the heads of
"Do jou admit your crime was premedl
tatod?" asked the president.
Cesario answered: "I shall tell thejnrythat
at the proper time."
Tho president then remarked: "We know
you always manifested tho intention to kill
President Carnot. saying 'nothing will stop
me; neither thought of self or parent.' "
"That Is true," said Casarlo, calmly.
"You said also 'if I could go to Italy I
would kill tho premier and King Humbert.'"
Caserlo laughingly sneered at this last as
sertion and exclaimed, "But I cannot kill
them since they aro not togetherat anytime."
Questioned in regard to tho truth of tho
plans revealed by tho soldier Lebran, who is
said to hav o been aware of the whole plot,
hatched at Cette. according to general belief,
and as to whether ho had any accomplices, the
prisoner replied in substance:
ALONE IN ins BAD EMINENCE.
"I alone meditated tho coup."
"But," interrupted the president, "the
anirchist. who instigated you to commit this
foul deed were animated by a feelinc of re
venge again"t President Carnot for not hav
ing pardoned A ailiant. Even members of
his own family vere threatened. Among
others. President Carnot received a docu
ment from London, written In blood, and ad
dressed, 'President Carnot, slayer,' and an
nouncinc that he would be killed because he
had not pardoned Vaillant
"You appear," added the judge, "to have
obejed jour leader."
"No," exclaimed Cesario, "I had no leaders
and no accomplices. I acted freely and of
my own accord."
When the prisoner finished speaking tho
judge resumed his remarks, and said:
"A dayor two after the crime a photograph
of Vaillant was sent to tho Elj-see, inscribed:
'He will bo nvenged.' Do you disavow tho
"I don't know them," was the prisoner's
"What right had you to kill President Car
not?" asked the presiding judgo, solemnly.
"Leaving aside human laws, there is the
natural law whicn forbids murder."
"A magistrate is bound, as a social neces
sity, to allow the law to take its course, and
the condemned am hedged In by all the guar
antees of the law."
"lou acted as accuser, judge and execu
To this Cnscno coolly remarked, stroking
bis slight mustacho, "If it Is true that killing
Is forbidden, why do tho heads of states kill
millions of men?"
" You aro j oung to judgo. nnd especially
to kill," replied Judge Breuillac, without
making a direct answer to the prisoner's
BE WAS HEADY TO DO EVEEYTnESO.
Then Caserio continued, warming to his
subject, and compared himself to a soldier
"ready to do everything."
"But," suggested the president, "soldiers
do sot commit murder in order to defend
Then, after a slight pause, 31. Breuillac con
tinued: "You not only killed the chief of the state,
you also killed the father of a family, a model
husband. You are guilty of a real, common
"Yes," said Caserlo, thoughtfully, though
with the suspicion of a smile on his face, "he
fras the father of a family, but he caused the
father of a family to be killed when he refused
to pardon Vaillant"
The eyldensj showed Caserlo's bravado In
tho extreme. When he was nearly lynched by
tho enraged crowd which captured him after
tho assassination, Caserio shouted: "You may
now docapltnto me." Nothing could oxeced
tho hard defiant cynielsm 01 tho accused, nnd
tho audience fairly revolted against his exhi
bition of cold-bloodedness and uttor lack of
appreciation of the terrible nature ot the deed
committed. The court then ndjournod for
luncheon, after which the formal evidence
Gen. Yolsln testified that when President
Carnot was stabbed be raised his hand to his
waistcoat nnd withdrowlt covered with blood.
The President, however, did not speak a
word so far ns he heard. The witness added
that he Immediately stopped tho procession,
and that everything possible was done to
attend to the wounded man.
Gen. Borlus, during the courso of his testi
mony, said that ho was looking aside at the
moment tho crime was committed. He heard
a dull sound, like a blow struck upon some
person's breast. It caused him to turn
quickly towards the President nnd he saw a
leeiing 01 painful aversion in tne rrcsiuent s
look as he feebly said: "Ah, that man."
"It was then," said Gen. Borins, "that tho
Tr-sldent raised his hand to his breast, agalu
a look of disgust ov erspread his face, and ho
murmured: 'It is blood.' "
President Carnot, the General nlso said,
then fell back in tho carriage exhausted.
ONLY TBnEE DETECTIVES.
Replying to questions In regard to the pre
cautions taken to protect the President, Gen.
Bonus said that only three detectives were
behind the carriage. Ho added: "I ordered
the horsemen who were riding beside tho
President to move about briskly. One of
tuem leu back for a moment, snowing tne
carriage to the cheering crowd. It was tho
constant rule of the horsemen not to go be
yond ATesident carnot s scat.
At the prefecture tho President said:
"How I suffer."
"Tho wounded man, however, did not
make tho slightest complaint Ho, the victim
of a crime, was too magnanimous to recrim
inate against tho assassin."
Cnpt. Hottlnger and Lieut Delpeche, who
were in cbargo of tho escort which accom
panied the President's carriage during the
courso of their testtmonj- said that Gen.
Borius ordered them not to go bejond tho
seat occupied bj- President Carnot, in order
that the crowd might have a good lock at the
President, They added that the dash made
by tho assassin was so sudden that Caserio
was able to accomplish his purpose before anv
member of the escort could go to tho Presi
dent's rescue. In fact the stabbing was done
so quickly that it passed almost unnoticed for
a moment or so.
The prefect of the department of tho Rhone,
31. Itivaud, testified that ho had urged tho
President to be cautious In allowing people
to prsent petitions to him, adding that every
step possible was taken to prevont an attack
upon the Chief Magistnto. But, ho admitted,
the officers in chnrge of the escort were not
in their usual places, owing to a deslro to let
the people have a good view of JI. Carnot
TLo project a ided: "I am persuaded that a
resolute man will alwajs bo able to kill his
victim when be has singled out the place to
do it. I should have been unable to avert the
blow which struck down our President, and
that opinion is shared bj everybody here. So
resoluto was Caserio that noprccaution could
have availed against him."
The witness who, toot part in tho arrest of
Caserio testified that the assassin used bis
fists in trying to escape. This caused the
prisoner to remark, insolently: "I'm sorry I
left my weapon behind. I would have used
it against those who arrested me." Cries of
indignation throughout the court followed
The medical ovidenco followed, and it dis
closed the fact that President Carnot's last
words were to thank those present round his
deathbed for tho attention shown to him.
31. Guillaume, tho cutler and gunsmith, of
Cetto. was then callod, nnd ho identified
Caserlo as tho man who purchased the weapon
with which M. Carnot was slain. He said
that Caserio, alter examining the polgnard,
threw five francs on the counter and ex
pressed himself pleased with his purchase.
A baker, named Vialla, of Cute, testified
against Caserio. saying thai he had an Iras
cible character, adding that ho did not bide
his anarchistic opinions. Tho police testified
that Caserlo had been in communication with
The trial was then adjourned until to-morrow,
when Lc Blanc, a soldier, will be tho last
It became evident during the course of the
trial to-day lint tho publio prosecutor wished
to emphasize, tho fact that the prisoner was
concerned in a plot to assassinate President
Carnot, and he wished to impress this upon
the jury by bringing out Le Blanc's evidence
in strong rolicf. A forco ot police and de
tectives to-night are guarding the residences
of tho magistrates, jurymen, and others con
nected with the trial.
Pullman Works started.
Cnicvoo, Aug., July 2. The Fullman works
wero started to-aay quietly and without de
monstration on the part of the employes. But
250 renorted for work, although tho company
expected 00. About 1,000 strikers gathered
about the building, and good naturcdly
chaffed tho returning workmen, but no at
tempt at violence was made. A heavy detail
of police was on hand and remained at the
works all day.
Railroad Striko Claims.
Chicago. Aug. 2. Samuel B. Foster, at
torney for tho railroads, filed additional
claims for damages growing out of the strike
to-day to the amount of S800. Mr. Foster
stated that within the next thirty days claims
will be filed agiinst the city and county for
Crimes and Casualties.
Trank Adnms. aged thirty-five years, was
crushed to death by a fill of coal at Bumside
colliery in Pennsylvania. It required two
hours' work to recover his body.
Chris Evans was killed by his seventccn-yenr-old
son Bud, in Hamblin county, Tenn.,
near Bull's Gap. Evans was drunk and
wounded tho boy with his Winchester.
CoL C. T. O'Neil, superintendent of the
State arsenal, and lieutenant colonel of the
Fourth Regiment, was thrown from his horse
at Ilarrisburg, Pa., yesterday, breaking his
leg and sustaining other Injuries.
County Attorney Jarvls, of Wapelto, Louisa
county, lotvn, was murdered Wodnesday by a
lunatic named Stephen Courtney, while walk
ing along one of the principal streets of the
city. The murderer used a knife, stabbing
his victim In the back.
Tho Stone Turnituro Manufacturing plant,
of Indianapolis, rccontly assigned, and lately
operated by the Vance' Manufacturing Com
pany, was totally destroyed by fire at an early
hour this morning. The loss will reach be
tween S10.000 and $50,000, and Is fully cov
ered by insurance.
The Michigan Central flour shed, Noble
Co.'s salt shed and several freight cars, owned
particularly by tho Michigan Central, and all
in possession of the company, were destrojed
by flro yesterdaj at Detroit. Michigan. Tho
total loss Is estimated at $40,000.
Two freight trains on tho C. SI. nnd St P.
road collided on a bridge of the Soo River
yesterday. A number of cars were wreoked
and thrown into the river. The trainmen
nnd sovernl passengers jumped and escaped
with slight Injuries.
The passengtr train whleh left St Louis on
the Tnsco road at 8.20 last evening for Kan
sas City and points west was held up at
Eureka, a station twenty-five miles from here,
in St. Louis county. It is reported the ex
press messenger was shot through tho hand.
The town of Adams, Mass., is horrified at
tho finding yesterday of the body of George
Donaldson, a weaver ot North Adams, in the
Dry Brook reservoir, which supplies drinking
water for the town. It Is apparent he com
mitted suicide while In a fit of despondency,
and the body is supposed to have been in the
water for about three days, not having yet
CONFEREES IN THE CLOUDS
Not Yet Able to Land a Satisfactory
SAME OLD GOOD FEELING EXISTS
Also the Same Season for Seller in an Ulti
mate Amicable Settlement Impossible
Now to Fix a day Knotty Questions Be
tides Sugar to Be Dealt with.
How the absurd and ridiculous roport that
was in circulation yesterday declaring that
an agreement had been reached by tho tariff
conferees ever came into being, will prove
an interesting story.
It had just this foundation: A certain cabi
net officer suggested a scheme for a duty
on sugar below 1G Dutch standard and
above; and a decreasing duty on coal and iron
ore, beginning at 40 cents .1 ton, to be finally
completely eliminated. His scnomo was lis
tened to as dozens of others havo been. Some
people, perhaps one or two conforees, wero
pleased with it and did too mucn talking.
But the whole thing came to naught, and yes
terday very fow Senators even remembered
it and wero thoroughly surprised to see it
ventilated by very enterprising pipers,
which make a point of getting the in
sido news even if they havo to publish a
dozen incorrect stonos to uo it.
Senators Brlce, Gorman, Jones, and Taulk
ner all wero hopoful yesterday of securing a
settlement, but none thought it was diroctly
insight. The daj's developments wero as
near being nil n they could well havo been.
Tho Democratic tariff conferees did not
make as mirked progress as they had
hoped when thej went Into session. When
they adjourned Wednesday tho situation was
so much better than it Lad been on previous
dajs thutaomo of tho members thought an
understanding might bo reached before ad
6AHE FEELING STILL EXISTS.
Members of tho conferenco say, however,
that the same good feeling still exists alter
yesterday's meeting, nnd that there is tho
same reason for the belief that an ultimate
amicable settlement, and tbntto-dij or Satur
day may see the end of their deliberations.
Tbey admit, though, that it is impossible to
fix any day, for tho reason that a few minutes
ofton serves to undo the accomplishments of
an entire day.
The Senate generally understands this to
bo tho situation, and tho prevailing opinion
on the floor Is that tho report will not bo
made this week. When askud yesterdaj If it
wai true, as has been generally understood,
that there had bon an agreement on all the
schedules except sugar,a member of tho com
mittee said that such was not tho fact, but ho
added that ho thought with sugar out of the
way tho other differences might be harmon
ized. "Yet." ho slid, "there aro some vory
knotty questions to deal with outside of tho
There is no doubt that tho session yester
day was devoted almost entirely to sugar and
that various propositions have been discussed,
bat none agreed upon. The Senate conferees
still maintain that no sugar schedulo will bore
ported that does not provide a differential duty
for refined sugar. "Tho schedulo mav bo re
cast," said one of them after the adjourn
ment la3t night, "but when presented it will
be the equivalent of the benate schedule."
Ho also said there was no Intention to drop
the ad valorem duty on sugar, as had been re
ported during the day. It is also quite well
understood that there is no prospect for the
continuation of the bounty or any part of it
for any length of time.
DIFFICULTIES IV THE WAT.
One of the difficulties the Uouso conferees
have found in accepting tho Senate sugar
schedhle Is tho fact, as they claim, that the
refiners would not only receive the advantage
of the protection given them In tho y$ of a
cent differential, but that they would also ro
ceive certain additional protection because of
the difference in the prico of raw and refined
sugar, and tbey havo intimated that tbey
would be Inclined to grant tho aot a cent if
tho duty on the roflned article could bo con
flnod to that figure. The Senate conferees
admit the justice of the representation, and it
is understood have indicated a willingness to
adjust tho schedulo so as to remove this ob
jection if a way could bo found to definitely
fix thorate, and considerable tlmn has been
spent in trying to arrlv 0 at a solution of the
difficulty. This has been found to be n per
plexing problem, and especially difficult
while tho main duty is according to nd va
lorem system, but tho conferees havo not de
spalrcdif finding a way out of tho entangle
ment One of tho many storios current daring tho
day was that tho Senate conferees had pro
posed to tho House managers tho alternative
of accepting either tho benate or Uouso bill
without amendment and that it had been de
clined, but the truth of tho story is denied,
and no foundation could bo found for it ex
cept in a conversation between Senator Jones
and a membr of the House not in tho con
ference, in which Mr. Jones hid told tho
House member that ho would bo willing to
come to an agreement, if it could be dono,
that would permit each House to vote on the
bill of the other. The House conferees went
to Speaker Crisp's priv ate ofilco at the close
of tho meeting nnd discussed tho situation.
Chairman Wilson and his associates ex
pressed satisfaction with tho progress being
made. Mr. Wilson said, however, that oven
if an agreement were reached it could not bo
prepared in time to report this week.
Blew a Hole in His Jaw.
Newtobt, It L, Aug. 2. A man who gives
tho name of Cohen, supposed to bo a crank,
was seriously injured by the explosion of a
dynamite cartridge while sitting in the nubile
park here this forenoon. A hole was blown
in his jaw and another In his hand, and ho is
now In tho hospital In a serious condition.
How tho accident happened Is a mystery.
Cchen states that he threw a lighted match on
the ground and tho explosion immediately
followed. Tho police believe, however, that
Cohen had tho cartridge In bis possession and
intended to explode It
Beaten by the l'cnitcntcs.
Thes Piedrasv, Mox., Aug. 2. Charles E.
Griffith, editor of the Taos Valley Herald and
Miner, has arrived hero in a pltliblo condi
tion, having walked from Taos, a distance of
forty miles. Mr. Griffith saj-s his office was
mobbed a day or two ago and bo was terribly
beaten on account of an article descriptive of
tho Ponitentes nnd their cruel religious rites,
published in the Herald and Miner last week.
The treasurers of all the mills belonging to
tho Manufacturers' Association of Fall River,
Mass., yesterday agreed to pay all weavers by
the pound instead of the cut
The Diamond State Quarry at Pen Argyl,
Pa,, suspended operations yesterday owing
to a strike among its employes, who refused
to accept a reduction of wages. Half ot the
200 men employed were discharged.
Allen's Opera House, at Jamestown, N. Y.,
caught flro last evening and the Interior was
gutted. The building cost $84,000 thirteen
years ago, and is practically ruined, although
the walls remain standing. It is Insured for
A convention of representative workmen
from all the mines in Central Pennsylvania
coal fields that are idle on account ot the
strike will be held at Phlllipsburg, Pa., on
Saturday next for the purpose of considering
the mining situation.
WELLMAN EXPEDITION SAFE
Tnolr Ship, tho Ragnvald Jarl, Broken Up
by the Ice-i-Built a House
from tho TV'reek.
Tbomsoe, Norway, Aug. 2. News of tho
Wellman Polar expedition has been received.
It was brought by tho sealer Malygen, Capt
Pendersen, which arrived at Tromsoo to-day
with news dispatches from tho expedition,
nnd also with Capt Bottolfsen and three
sailors of tho steamer Ragnvald Jarl, which
carried the Wellman pirty to tho Arctic, but
which has since been wrecked.
Capt Bottolfsen furnishes the following
narrative of the experiences of tho expedition:
After several battles with young and winter
ice tho Ragnvald Jarl arrived, on May 12, at
Table Island, one ot tho Seven Islands group.
Tho ice, howovcr, compelled a return to Wal
den Island, whero Mr. Wellman left the ship,
on May 24, with thirteen men, forty dogs and
110 dajs' provisions. After tho party hid es
tablished u depot, they proceeded eastward a
dlstaucoof slxtj miles, thence northeast, hop
ing to reach the land that is believed to exist
in that direction.
Up to tbo day of the departure of the slcdgo
party tho expedition had bad good woithor,
the viorst being only twenty degrees below
Tho members of the party were In good
health when they left the ship. They in
tended to return over tho same route by
which tbey advanced, reaching Northern
Spitzbergcn on September 15 and headquar
ters at Danes Island on October 1.
Tour days after Wellman and his compan
ions left the Ragnvald Jarl was broken up by
tho Ira nnd totally lost Tho men in charge
of her manageJ to save some of tho stores. A
message was sent to Wcllrnin informing him
of the catastopho, and it reached him at Mar
ten's Island. Mr. Wellman, Charles C. Dodgo
and two others then returned to Walden Isl
nnd. Tho latest news reeolved from Wellman was
of Juno 17 date, when Mr. Winship, a mem
ber of the party, with one man, left tho expe
dition at a spot fix miles east of Cape Platen,
where tbo explorers had met with fmpassanlo
Ice and were wnlting for open water. All
SAY THE STOCK IS WATERED.
New York Times Stockholders Want Their
New Yobe, Aug. 2 A number of suits have
been begun in the supreme court against tho
New York Times publishing company, by the
stockholders of that corporation, to set aside
their subscriptions for stock, on tho ground
that tho subscriptions were obtained by
In the suits filed the complainants allege
that they were induced to subscribo to the
stock of .tho companj on the basis of bona
lido subscriptions for a total of SfOO.OOO to
$950,000, and that tho capitalization of tho
companj was not to exceed these totals by
more than $100,000. In ono ot tbo bills of
complaint, filed by Chnrics 1'. Watson, tho
allegitlon is mado that the companj' vva3
capitalized for $1,250,000 without tho knowl
edge of the plaintiff, and that $250,000 of tbo
stock was ismed to Charles It. Miller, the
presidont of tho Times companj, without con
sideration, and that, while the plaintiff and
others subscribed for tbclr stock in full, only
one-half of tho caDital stock of tho company
has been officially reported as "in good faith
The narrative of the purchase of the Times
by the present owners is told in detail in the
bill filed by Mr. Watson. He says that in
1803 he was induced to subscribe for $10,
000 of tho stock, upon tho representations al
ready cited, and that it wis not until he had
paid for his stock in full that ho was made
nwaro that the capitalization had been in
creased to $1,250,000, and thit tho stojk was
subject to certain restrictions placed upon tbo
trans'er of tho newraper, although no such
restrictions bad been referred to in nny of the
statements made to him. The plaintiff de
clares that he has made an effort to obtain a
copy of tho subscription paper, or permission
to inspoet it, but without success, and de
mands the return of the subscription. In a
similar compliint Richard Sibley demand
tho return of $50,000 paid by him for stock of
FIN DU S1ECLE INDIAK DANCES.
They Shock tho Moral Scnso of the People
PEanT, O. T., Aug. 2. A protest to Con
gress will soon bo entered from tho Oklahoma
and Indian Territories against Indian donees.
These dances have become so vulgar that
some ot the more modest white people and
tho best Indians bcliove that tho National
Government should interfere. At the dances,
which aro hld nearly ovcry Sunday at tho
different agencies by tho Otoe, Osage, Creok,
Cherokee, and other tribes, there are hun
dreds of spectators. The dance du ventre,
that mido the Midway Plaisince at tho Chi
cago W orld's Fair famous, is not a circum
stanco to tho performance given by these In
dians. Tho better class of residents of tho
reservations will make a strong effort to have
the evil suppressed.
Cardinal Gibbons Recuperating.
Bedford SrniNos, Fa., Aug. 2. His emi
nence Cardinal Gibbons, accompanied by
Archbishop John J. Kain, of St Louis, Mo.,
arrived at tho Bedford Springs Hotel to-day,
whero ho will remain for a fortnight. Arch
bishop Rjan, ot Philadelphia, and the Rt
Rev. John Foley, bishop of Dotroit, are ex
pected to arrivo at the hotel to-night to tnko
a course of treatment of tho waters of these
Butler and Tillman Still Quiet.
Gbeenville, S.C., Aug. 2. Everything was
conducted in a most commendable and im
partial manner at tho political meeting to
day. Unlike Spartanburg, Greenville gave
a hearing to all the speakors. What was said
did not alwajs seem to please, but nothing
was none about it Things went along quietly.
Natunlly. the favorites wero lustily cheered,
but without interruption of the proceedings.
To Test tho Dispensary Law of 1803.
Chablestov, S. C, Aug. 2. At Aiken to
day Judgo Aldrich signed an order restrain
ing tho local authorities of Aiken from inter
fering with tho Stato dispenser in the dis
charge of his duty. Tho order was mado
returnable on August 9. It will probably
result in a decision upon tho constitutionality
of tho dispensary law of 1893. under which
Gov. Tillman claims that he has the right to
reopen the dispensary.
Incendiarism At Minneapolis.
Minneapolis, Minn., Aug. 2. The latest
evidences ot incendiarism have been discov
ered at Minnesota transfer, whero. In tho
freight house, quantities of coal oil and waste
had been placed in position to touch off.
Extra guards have been placed. Local insur
ance men are much exercised over the Incen
diarism prevalent, and to-day offered n re
ward of $500 for tho detection of any one
guilty ot the crime.
Late European cws.
Six fresh cases ot cholera and five deaths
from the same disease are reported at the
Hague from Maestrlcht.
A pleasure boat, laden with excursionists
from Barmouth, capsized on the Mauddach
River Wednesday evening. Ten of the pas
sengers were drowned.
The house of Prlncers Boltykogg, at Slough,
England, was entered by burglars Wednes
day night and robbed of jewels of the value
A fire, tupposed to be of Incendiary origin,
has destroyed one-fourth ot Minsk, Russia.
Many persons are missing and are believed to
WAR NOW IN DEAD EARNEST
Japanese Repulsed At Asan With a
Loss of Over 2,000 Men.
NAVAL BATTLE IS IMMINENT
Chinese Fleet Is on Its Way to Corea Twenty
Thousand Manchurlani Marching on
Seoul Japs' Cruelty to Kow Shing Sur
vivors Swimmers Shot with Gatling Guns.
Tho State Department was officially In
formed last evening that war had been de
clared between China nnd Japan. Tho in
formation camo In a dispatch from Mr.
Charles Denby, the charge d'affaires at Pekin.
Mr. Denby's dispatch docs not say, how
ever, which country ramie tbo declaration
Mr. Denby also stated in his dispatch that tho
Japanese had withdrawn their charge d'af
faires at Pekin, and that tho American lega
tion was exerting its good offices to protect
the subjects ot Japan in China.
Tho Japancso minister to China is also min
ister to Korei, and at this time Is In the latter
country, leaving tho legation at Pekin In the
care of the charge.
bnANOHAi, Aug. 2. An official telegram re
ceived here from Tien-Tsinsajs that in the
battle fought July 27 and July 28 at Asan
tho Japanese wero repulsed with a loss of
over 2,000 men.
Tho steamer Wuchang, which has arrived
here, reports that tho Chlneso fleet was at
anchor at Weibaiwoion the evening of July 20.
CorEMiAdLN, Aug. 2. It is officially an
nounced hero that tbo Chinese northern fleet,
consisting of thirteen vessels, has left Cnefoo
for Korea. It Is added that a battle between
the Chinese and Japanese, may be shortly ex
pected. JAPS DEFEATED XEAB ASAt.
Londos, Aug. 2. A dispatch to tho Times
from Shanghai sajs that reports have been
receited there from foreign officials at Seoul,
the capital of Korea, that tbo Chinese under
Gen. leg on Sunday last defeated tho Japanese
forces near Asan. It is added that tho
Japanese withdrew to Seoul.
Twenty thousand Mauchurlan Chlneso
troops hivo crossed the Korean frontier and
are murching upon Seoul.
Dispatches from tho Chinese government at
Pekin havo been lnpirted bj- tho Cninese
legation to tho Earl of Kimberley, foreisn
secretary, and to Lord Itoseberj , prime min
ister, confirming tno reports that serious
fighting has occurred between Japanese and
The Earl of Kimberley has demanded of tho
Japanese government that the British consul
be allowed to be present whenthe commander
of tho cruiser Nnniwa is tried by court-martial
for the sinking of the Kow Shing.
The German government, it is learned, has
instructed Col. Von Uannekin, who escaped
from tbo Kow bblng.to give the fullest details
ot what occurred previous to tho firing on
the transport to tho British consul nt Seoul.
YoioiiAMA, Aug. 2. Tho Chinese minister
at Tokio bis demanded his passports Tho
Chinese residents In Japan are being placed
under tho protection of tho United States
EBITIsn BLrEJACEES IT SEOUL.
London-, Aug. 2. It is announced that
further blue lackets will bo landed at Seoul to
reinforce- the detachment stationed at the
British legation. The Times correspondent
at Yokohamutelegraphsasfollows. "The Jap
anese minister at Seoul, after tho collision
thero between tho Japanese nnd Korean
troops, placed Tni-In-Kun, tho King's father,
at the head ot tho Korean government. Capt
Gallswortbj-, of tho transport Kow Shing,
states that ho was prevented from surrender
ing by the Chinese troops aboard his vessel.
He thereupon jumped overboard and was
saved by tho crew of the Japanese cruiser
Tho peoplo of this city are in raptures over
their nival victory. Following the example
of tho sovereign, tho people will contribute
toward tho expenses of carrying on tho war.
A dispatch irom Tien Tsin to the Times says:
Three survivors ot tbo Kow bhing declared
to-day before Special Inquiry Commissioners
Lofenloh and Detring that the Japanese sunk
the Kow bhing without provocatlon.when she
was at anchor and flying the Britisn ensign,
n Japanese navili officer having previously
Inspected the ship's papers. A German officer
of tho name of Van Uanekcn, who was on the
Kow Shing, was savea. and will arrive hero
In the German gunboat Iltus to-morrow.
The Times has received tho following dis
patch from Shanghai, dated August 1: Later
Information shows that the Kow Shing was
sunk, with 1,500 souls, by tho Japanese
cruisor Naniwn, near Asm, Korea. An of
ficial Inquiry into the loss of the Tessel, con
ducted by tho commissioner of customs nt
Tien Tsin, has just been concluded. Tho
statements of fortj-flvo survivors were taken.
They prove that tho Kow bhing, while legiti
mately on her way to Asan, on the morning
of July 25. was ordered bj' the Japanese to
anchor off tho Island ot Shopalgul, whero
she. remained until noon, being twice boarded
byjapaneso ofllcrs. Then, without giving
any provocation, sho was fired into and sunk
by torpedoes from the guns of the Japanese
INHUMANITY OF THE TAFAHESE.
The Japanese, according to the testimony
ot the survivors, fired on the wretches who
wero trying to save their lives by swimming,
with gatling guns for a long time after the
transport had foundered.
The excitement in China over the cruel
action of the Japanese is immense. Foreign
ers here ore unanimous in their condemna
tion ot the barbarous conduct of the crew ot
the Naniwa, and demand tho protection of
foreign flags and prestige.
Advised by tho Russian nnd British minis
ters, the Chlneso government has shown the
utmost moderation, and has obtained the gen
eral sympathy of tho foreigners in the East.
A dispatch to the Times from Toklo, dated
August 1, says that previous to tho capture ot
tho Kow Shing the Chinese had landed 5,000
troop3 at Asan, whero they had intronched
themselves. The whole Chinese fleet Is now
assembled there, and a decisive naval battle
Committees of merchants hero are provid
ing immenso funds for carrying on the war.
SINKIN.G or THE KOW SniNG.
Her Officers Testify to tho Actions of the
Losdos, Aug. 1. Tho Japanese legation in
this city has received the following dispatch
Tho signed affidavits of Capt. Galsworthy
and Chief Officer Tamplln, of the Kow Shing,
havo been received. The captain says that
the Kow Shing was chartered by tho Chinese
government, and that she left Taku on July
23 with 1,100 soldiers on board, for Kasban.
Meeting the Japanese warship Naniwa, tho
latter signaled her to stop. Continuing, the
"I obeyed, and she moved oft. I then sig
nalled, 'Am I to proceed?' The Naniwa sig
nalled in reply, 'Heave to or take the conse
quences. This signal was not meant for the
Kow Shing, but for a Chinese war ship flying
the Japanese flag and a white flag.
"The Naniwa sent an officer to the Kow
Shins to see her papers, and be asked. It I
would follow the Naniwa. I answered, 'We
are In your power.'
The officer then returned to the Naniwa,
but he came back to the Kow Shing upon my
signalling the wish to communicate personally
with him. I told the ofilcor when he camo
back that the Chinese generals would not
allow mo to follow thoNanifru, and that they
threatened my llfo if I did so or if I left tho
"After hearing this the Japanese offlcerro
turnod to the Naniwa, whereupon she sig
nalled, 'Quit ship Immediately.' I repliea,
'I am not allowed to leave.'
"The Naniwa then hoisted a red flag at her
foromast and repeated tho signal to 'quit ship
Immediately.' Thereupon I called tho en
gineers and othor foreigners on deck.
"After a few minutes the Naniwa discharged
a torpedo at us and began firing. I and sev
eral others jumped overboarJ. While In tho
water tho Chinese on board the Kow Shing
kept firing at us. I was picked up by a boat
from the Naniwa, as was Mr. Tamplln, tho
Chief Officer Tamplia's affidavit confirms
tho statement made by Capt. Galsworthy and
adds that the object of the second visit of tho
Japanese officer was to transfer tho Euro
peans to the Naniwa before firing began.
The Chinese, however, would not permit
China Makes Fresh Concessions.
Londov, Aug. 2. A dispatch to the Stand
ard from Berlin says: It Is reported that
China has mado several fresh concessions to
Russia with regard to tho pamirs a3 an in
ducement for Russian ossistanco In tho
Korean conflict. A dispatch to n news
agency from Tien Tsin says tnat the Emperor
of Cblaa has Issued au edict accepting the
war, which, he says, JaDin has thrust upon
him. and ordering his viceroys nnd com
manders to root out the pestilent Japaneso
from their lairs.
. War May Benefit Us.
Chicago, Aug. 2. A rumor that tho war
between China and Japan had resulted in the
placing of largo orders for meats with stock
yard firms by European governments led sev
eral hundred people to the yards to-day in
seareh of employment. Tho pressure for
work was strong, and at Swift & Co.'s, who,
it was rumored, had received largo extra
orders for canned gooJs, the cror.d about
the doors became so greit that thrco extra
police officers were called. When it was
found that thero wa3 little extra activity tho
crowd fell away.
NAME THEIR CANDIDATES.
Georgia Democrats Nominate State Offi
cers in Convention.
Atlanta. Ga.,Aug. 2. The largest number
of Georga Democrats that has assembled in
years was in attendanco at the Stato conven
tion here to-day. Every" county In the State
was represented. Tho convention was called
to nominate a full State ticket.
Hon. A. Steve Clay waa made permanent
The following ticket was nominated: For
Governor, W. G. Atkinson; Seeretarvof State,
A- D. Chandler; Comptroller General. W. A.
Wright; Treasurer. R. U. Hardman; Attorney
General, J. M. Terrell; Commissioner of Agri
culture, R. T. Nesbitt
With the exception of Secretary of State,
all tho candidates wero nominated by accla
mation. A stormy scene was threatened over a mo
tion to substitute an unqualified indorsement
ot tho administration for one not so strong
reported by the committee, but the previous
question was ordered, which cat off debate.
The platform adopted demands a just and
equitable tax on incomes and abolition of tho
10 per cent tax on State banks, congratulates
the country upon tho repeal of all Federal
election laws, "and unris speedy action by
Congress upon the tariff.
Tho President, the House of Representa
tives, and the Georgia Senators are specially
commended for their "patriotic effort to enact
as near as possible n tariff for revenuo only."
The nitlonal administration was heartily
Tennessee Democrats ictorious.
Nashville, Tenn., Aug. 2. Partial returns
from the principal counties in the State
show that tho Democratic nominees for
judges of tho supreme court have de
feated the Ropubliean-Populist fusion
ticket for judges by good majorities.
Tho exact figures will not be obtained until
some tlmo to-morrow. Tho Democrats havo
carried Haywood, Madison, Gioson, and
Fayette counties by from 1.000 to 15,000 major
ity. Selby county'is safclj Democratic
Catholic Campaign Against Rum.
St. Tacl, Minn., Aug. 2. The W. C. T. U.
extended fraternal greetings to tho conven
tion of Catholio Total Abstinence Union and
the presentation of tho delegation of ladies
who brought tho greetings, the feature of tho
diy. It is very likely thit the convention will
adopt some ridlcnl resolutions affecting tbo
position of Catholics toward the liquor busi
ness. Resolutions will also bo introduced op
posing tho candidacy for public office of any
person interested, indirectlj' or otherwise, in
tho liquor business.
She Drorpcd Two Thousand Tcct.
Havebhill, Mass., Aug. 2. Flvo thousand
people saw Mile. Limont, a hot air billoon
ist, fall 2,000 feet at tho Pines hero
thl3 afternoon. Sho went up on n trap
cse attached to the balloon, but within
two minutes after leaving the eirtli the
spectators saw tbo parachute with which she
was to make her descent, sailing away from
tho large bag filled with hot air. and tho next
instant the balloon collapsed. Mile. Lamont
sustained severe internal injuries.
Fusing Against Breckinridge.
Lexxnqton, Ky., Aug. 2. Politicians here
are discussing n proposition of Hon. W. C.
Owen to Mr.Settlo to havo a poll of their
strength mado in the Ashland district by Im
partial methods and tho weaker men to with
draw from tho race. Mr. Settle declined tho
offer, saying ho owed it to his friends to stay
in the race regardless of Brecklnridgo's can
didacy. In the ricld of Politics.
The Fopulists havo nominated W. F. Stroud
for Congress from tbo Fourth North Carolina
C. K. Bell was yesterday unanimously nom
Initod for Congress by tho Democrats ot the
Eighth Texas district
Tho Populists of the Fourth New Jersey
Congressional district yesterday nominated
W. C. Barrlck, of Flemington, a3 their can
didate for Congress.
Tho Republicans of the First Congressional
district df West Virginia, havo nominated B.
B. Dovened, of Wheeling.
The Democratic Congressional primary at
Richmond. To., yesterday resulted in Col.
Tucker Elliott securing fifty-six and Hon.
George D. Wiso nineteen delegates.
The Republican Stato convention met at
Caspar, Wyo., yesterday. Clarenco F. Ham
lin, of Stillwater county, was elected tempo
rary chairman. Frank W. Mondell will bo the
nominee for governor.
The Idaho Popubst convention yesterday
made tbo following nominations: For Con
gress, James Gann, ot Boise; for governor, K.
J. W. Bailentlne, of Bellvue. The convention
declared against fusion with the Democrats
by an unanimous vote. The resolutions
declare in favor ot woman suffrage.
Secretary P. K. Smalley, of the Democratic
Minnesota State central eommlttee and of the
State Democratic association, tendered his
resignation to Chairman McCutcheon yester
day because the committee, at a meeting
Wednesday, refused to indorse President
Cleveland's letter to Congressman Wilson on
LOMBER YARDS WIPED OCT
Another Disastrous Pire Destroys
Three Concerns at Chicago.
RIVER BRIDGE TOTALLY BURNED
Threatened to Rival in Destruction ta
Wednesday Right Blaze Flames Kill
Several Firemen and Bo Great Damage at
Detroit and Philadelphia.
Chicago, Aug. 2. The lumber district waa
to-night visited by a second fire, which for
time threatened to rival in destruction that of
last night Before it was subdued It hid
wiped out the yards of the following con
cerns: John Spry Lumber" Company; A..
McBean, cedar posts; P. Farrell, eedar posts.
In addition to tho lumber yards the wooden
bridge over the Chicago River at Ashland
avenue was totally destroyed. The fire to
night was on a piece of land 250 feet long and
ball as wide, lying between two loading slips.
It is directly east of where tho Are was
checked last night
Tha department had been gradually with
drawn during tho day and this evening, but
ono engino company and two fire boats were
playing on the smoking ashes ot the yards
burned over last night
At about 8 o'clock a lively blaze, supposed
to have onsmatel from some embers, sprang
up In the noith end of tho Spry lumber yards.
A high northwest wind was blowing and the
flames, which In a few minutes were beyond
the control of the firemen, began to travel
Calls for help were senr. but no power
could havo prevented the destruction of the
Spry j ards.and in twenty minutes they were
a roaring lurmce. The Are boots ran up,
ono to tho east and ono to the west of the
burning lumber, and the engines devoted
their attention for tho most part to the pro
tection of adjoinlug property, for they could
not get down on the ground where tho Are
The yards covered It from end to end nnd
from side to side, and were on Are In every
part For a time the daneer was very great
thit the large lumber yards of the Beldler
Company, Soper Company and John Sheriff's
would be de-troyed, and if the fire had once
obtained full sweep in them thro was no tell
ing whero it could be checked.
The long tongues of flamo leaped almost
across tbo river, which is fully 200 feet wide
at this point and set fire to the island bridge,
which fell into tho water In fifteen minutes
after it began to blaze. Before it caught fire
engino company No. 20 came thundering
across It to work on the fire.
A sheet of flame wrapped itself around the
engine, slightly scorching several men and
badly burning Tetcr FlemlLg, tho driver. Ha
clung to his sent, however, and urged his
horses fro-n the flames, both of them beln g
badly slngtd. Fleming Is in the hospital, but
In the slips adjoining the Are were vessels,
all of whleh had narrow escapes. All of
tbom got off without Injury with the excep
tion of the propeller Albert Soper, which
caught Are, but because of tho prompt action
of her crew in getting her into the
river and extinguishing the Aames, was
not severely burned. At 10 o'clock the
flro department had the flames so under con
trol that there was no danger of its spread
ing to otner lumber yards.
The looses are estimated as follows: John
Sprv Lumber Company, 395.000, H. J. Mc
Bein's. 42,000, and P. Farrell, 53,000. Total,
5 100.0 )0.
All are protected by insurance.
TUBIOCS FLAMES AT miLAnELTmA.
Philadelphia, Aug. 2. Two firemen were
killed and Ave injured in a flro to-day which,
destrojed tho Mill building at Randolphnnd
Jefferson streets. Tho loss will aggregate
833 000. fully Insured.
The flro is supposed to have originated from
n spark struck by a nail in a picking machine
on the second floor. The flames spread rap
idly among tho iaflimmablo contents of the
mill, and were subdued only after the entire)
southern portion ot the structure had been
Nono of the adjoining buildings were seri
ously damaged. After tne flro was quenched
seven firemen entered tho third floor nnd
turned their hoses on a largo quantity of
cotton thit was stored there. Suddenly,
without the slightest warning, the floor gave
way with a crash, precipitating tho men to
the'flrst floor, where they wero buried among
tho debris. Two of them were taken out
dying, hTiing been smothered by the bales of
Tho killed: Georgo Geisler. of engine, No.
21. and Georgo Dickie, of truck C.
They died on their way to the hospital.
Tho five other firemen sustained less serious
injuries. The coroner will investigate tho
condition of the floors and walls of the build
ing. The weight of tho cotton caused the
weakened floor joists to give way. and It is
said that the supports were so weak that the
added weight of the water caused the acci
dent deteoit visited et th e ftesd.
Detboit, Mich., Aug. 2. One fireman was
killed and six wero injured this afternoon In
a fire which destroyed tho planing mill and
lumber yards of E. G. Richards A Co., and
Hunton, Myles & Weeks.
The plants wero located at Franklin and
Rivard streets, adjoining the Detroit, Grand
Haven and Milwaukee tracks. The blaze
was discovered shortly after 3 o'clock. ThS)
water supply was so poor that the firemen
They succeeded In preventing the flames
from spreading into adjoining factories, but
several freight cars, with their contents, were
destrojed before they could bo removed. At
4 o'clock two squids of pipomen were play
ing streams at the southeast corner ot the
mill, when n portion of the wall gave way,
and a half a dozen firemen were caught by
tho falling brick w(th the following results:
Dead Eugene McCarthy, single, pipeman
Nc. 15 company, bodv frightfully mangled.
Injured Henry Trapp, pipeman No. 6,
body crushed, head cut, burned. George W.
Lyons, pipeman No. 6. hip broken, body
bruked. Lois R. Tato. Company 6, back in
jured, leg crushed. Thomas Schlehle, pipe
man No. 19, leg broken, burned. Charles
Bofberitz, pipeman, No. 19, body bruised.
Tho Richards planing mill was owned by H.
A. Hunton, of the firm of Hunton, Myles A
Week, and was leased by S. G. M. Gates, ot
Bay City, who also owned the lumber
In that portion ot the yard. The
plant was operated by Richards
A Co. for Gates. The property of Hunton,
Myles A Weeks, which was consumed,
consisted of lumber and small build
ings Their loss Is about $20,000. The loss
on the Richards mill and yards is estimated
at S35.000. Hunton. Myles A Weeks are quite
fully insured. T. Richards' mill is insured
for 512,500. Mr. Gates, owner of tho lumber
adjoining, Is in Bay City, and the amount of
his insurance Is not yet learned.
Disturbed "Old Hickory's" Bones.
Nashville, Tenn., Aug. 2. Information
was received to-day from the Hermitage,
where Gen. Andrew Jackson's remains are
buried, that his gravo was disturbed last night
by some unknown person or persons. A
hole eighteen inches in depth and three feet
In length was dug at the head ot the grave,
but the parties were frightened away Dfore
they accomplished their object The Her
mltage is twelve miles from this city.
!.-. i. .
STt trtf X-' v